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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18300, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852109

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Kimura disease (KD) is a rare, chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by subcutaneous granuloma in the head and neck region, as well as increased eosinophil counts and high serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels. Kimura disease is suspected to be an IgE-mediated disease, associated with an allergic response, in which antigen-specific B cells are stimulated to undergo specific IgE class switching with disease-specific CD4+ T (Th) cells help. Thus, exploration of the Th cells in affected tissues with KD is a highly promising field of the investigation. However, there have been no reports with direct evidence to implicate Th cells in affected lesions with KD. Here we quantitatively demonstrate that CD4+ GATA3+ T cells and interleukin (IL)-4+ IgE+ c-kit+ mast cells prominently infiltrate in affected lesion with KD. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 56-year-old Japanese man who exhibited painless swelling in the left parotid region. DIAGNOSES: Diagnosis of KD was made based on characteristic histopathologic findings, in conjunction with peripheral eosinophilia and elevated serum IgE levels. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent corticosteroid therapy and had been followed for 2 years. OUTCOMES: We report a rare case of KD of the parotid region in a 56-year-old man, followed by corticosteroid therapy for 2 years. The mass decreased in size and skin itchiness decreased after therapy. He was discharged without any complications. Furthermore, we quantitatively demonstrate the dominance of CD4+ GATA3+ T cells in affected tissues of KD and detect IL-4+ IgE+ c-kit+ mast cells in lesions by multicolor staining approaches. LESSONS: The findings from this case suggest that peripheral blood eosinophilia might serve as a marker of recurrent disease, long-term follow-up is necessary due to the possibility of recurrent. Interactions among expanded IgE+ B cells, CD4+ GATA3+ T cells, eosinophils, and activated mast cells might play a critical role in the pathogenesis of KD.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Angiolinfoide com Eosinofilia/imunologia , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Eosinófilos/imunologia , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Mastócitos/imunologia , Hiperplasia Angiolinfoide com Eosinofilia/sangue , Hiperplasia Angiolinfoide com Eosinofilia/diagnóstico , Linfócitos B/patologia , Biópsia , Eosinófilos/patologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Mastócitos/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17311, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574860

RESUMO

Immune infiltration of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is closely associated with the patients' prognosis. However, previous studies have not interpreted the difference of infiltrating immune cells in NPC.We comprehensively analyzed the tumor-infiltrating immune cells present in NPC for the first time, which was based on a scientific deconvolution algorithm (CIBERSORT) and the gene expression data of GSE64634. The fractions of 22 immune cells were assessed to reveal the associations between normal samples and NPC samples.Profiles of immune infiltration vary significantly between normal samples and NPC samples, and the variation could characterize the individual differences. NPC samples contained a higher proportion for M1 macrophages, whereas memory B cells and CD4 memory resting T cells were relatively lower.Our data suggest that the differences in the infiltrating immune cells in NPC and these differences would probably facilitate patient consultation and individualized treatment.


Assuntos
Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Adulto , Algoritmos , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/patologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/patologia , China , Correlação de Dados , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Memória Imunológica , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/classificação , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/imunologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/imunologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(5): 1515-1521, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607306

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression and significance of LncRNA RP11-513G11.1 in peripheral blood of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and to analyze its correlation with clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients. METHODS: The serum samples of 93 patients with DLBCL(DLBCL group) and 62 normal persons (control group) were collected from the Department of Hematology, Southwest Medical University. The expression of RP11-513G11.1 in serum samples was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, the relationship between the RP11-513G11.1 expression with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis was analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with normal control group, the expression of RP11-513G11.1 significantly increased in DLBCL patients (P<0.001). The expression of RP11-513G11.1 not related with the age, sex, course of treatment and germinal center B-cell-like lymphoma(GCB) subtypes of the patients, but it related with the diameter of tumor,Ann Arbor stage,B symptoms,chemosensitivity and the international prognostic index(IPI) (P<0.05). The progression-free survival time and overall survival time of patients, whom with high expression of RP11-513G11.1 were significantly shorter than those of RP11-513G11.1 low expression(P<0.001). The median progression-free survival time and overall survival time of chemotherapy-sensitive patients were significantly longer than those of chemotherapy-resistant patients (P<0.001). Univariate analysis and multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that Ann Arbor stage, RP11-513G11.1 expression, IPI and chemosensitivity were also the independent factors affecting the prognosis of DLBCL patients(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: RP11-513G11.1 is highly expressed in patients with DLBCL, which is related with the prognosis of DLBCL patients.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Linfócitos B , Centro Germinativo , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Prognóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
4.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(5): 1627-1632, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607324

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the regulatory effect of deubiquitinase MYSM1 on differentiation of B cells to plasma cells. METHODS: The interfering and overexpression plasmids of MYSM1 were constructed and then the corresponding lentiviruses were packaged. Human CD19+ B cells were isolated from human peripheral blood with Miltenyi B cell isolation kit. Purified CD19+ B cells were transduced with lentiviruses and then treated with LPS, the CD138 expression was detected by flow cytometry. The expression of transcription factor was determined by quantitative PCR. RESULTS: The differentiation of B cells to plasma cells was enhanced after interfering in MYSM1 expression. Quantitative PCR showed that mRNA levels of Pax5 and Bach2 in cells with interfering in MYSM1 were much lower than their counterpart (P<0.01), and mRNA levels of Prdm1 and Xbp1 in cells with interfering in MYSM1 were much higher than their counterpart (P<0.01). On the contrary, the differentiation of B cells to plasma cells was inhibited after the overexpression of MYSM1. Quantitative PCR showed that mRNA levels of Pax5 and Bach2 in cells with MYSM1 overexpression were higher than those in control cells (P<0.01), and mRNA levels of Prdm1 and Xbp1 in cells with MYSM1 overexpression were much lower than those in their counterpart (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: MYSM1 negatively regulates differentiation of human B cells to plasma cells.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Plasmócitos , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Enzimas Desubiquitinantes , Humanos
5.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(5): 1701-1705, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607335

RESUMO

Abstract  B cell maturation antigen (BCMA) is an ideal target for precise treatment due to its highly selective expression on malignant myeloma cells. This review summarizes briefly the advances in the latest research progress on biological activity of BCMA, its significance as a biomarker and immunotherapy direcited against BCMA, such as bispecific antibodies, antibody drug conjugates, chimeric antigen receptor T cell therapy against mature B cell antigens.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia , Mieloma Múltiplo , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos B , Antígeno de Maturação de Linfócitos B , Linfócitos B , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Linfócitos T
6.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(12): 1921-1934, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637475

RESUMO

Blockade of the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway with targeted monoclonal antibodies has demonstrated encouraging anti-tumour activity in multiple cancer types. We present the case of a patient with BRAF-negative stage IVC anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) treated with the anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody, pembrolizumab, following radiographic progression on chemoradiation. Blood samples were collected prior to and at four time points during treatment with pembrolizumab. Mass cytometry was used to determine expression of relevant biomarkers by peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Faecal samples were collected at baseline and 4 weeks following treatment initiation; taxonomic profiling using 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing was performed. Following treatment, a marked expansion in CD20+ B cell, CD16+ CD56lo NK cell and CD45RO+ CCR7+ central memory CD4+ T-cell populations was observed in the peripheral blood. Proportions of cells expressing the co-receptors TIGIT, OX40 and CD86 also increased during treatment. A high abundance of bacteria of the order Bacteroidales, specifically from the Bacteroidaceae and Rikenellaceae families, was identified in the faecal microbiota. Moreover, the patient's microbiome was enriched in Clostridiales order members Ruminococcaceae, Veillonellaceae and Lachnospiraceae. Alpha diversity of the gut microbiome was significantly higher following initiation of checkpoint therapy as assessed by the Shannon and Simpson index. Our results suggest that treatment with pembrolizumab promotes expansion of T-, B- and NK cell populations in the peripheral blood at the time of tumour regression and have the potential to be implemented as predictive biomarkers in the context of checkpoint blockade therapy. Larger studies to confirm these findings are warranted.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Fezes/microbiologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Carcinoma Anaplásico da Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Bacteroides , Humanos , Masculino , Microbiota , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , RNA Ribossômico 16S/análise
7.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 33(5): 1437-1449, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637902

RESUMO

Influenza has frequently been epidemic in recent years. However, the mechanisms of severe pneumonia with postinfluenza Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) secondary infection have not been fully understood. In this study, we explored the mechanisms of pneumonia in postinfluenza A virus (IAV) infection via a mouse model. Mice were intranasally inoculated with SP three days after IAV inoculation. We then collected samples at three time points to dynamically observe the pathological progression. In IAV infection alone, lymphocyte infiltration and widened alveolar intervals were observed. In the blood, levels of the CD19+, CD19+CD21+ and CD19+CD79ß+B lymphocyte subpopulations were reduced, and IFN-γ and IL-10 were elevated. Slight atrophy was seen in the spleen, which was due to splenic B lymphocyteinitiated apoptosis through the mitochondrial pathway. When SP infection occurred after IAV infection, the pulmonary inflammation was significantly aggravated; a fair number of lymphocytes and neutrophils infiltrated simultaneously with exfoliated bronchial epithelial cells, vascular endothelial cells, widened alveolar septum and hemorrhaging. Increasing edema fluid and bacteria accumulated in the alveolar cavity. Decreased CD19+, CD19+CD21+ and CD19+CD79ß+B lymphocyte subpopulations and increased interferon gamma (IFN-γ) or interleukin 10 (IL-10) were more prominent compared to those with viral infection alone. Spleen atrophy resulting from coinfection was more obvious because of massive splenic B lymphocyte apoptosis through the mitochondrial pathway compared to viral infection alone. This study shows that although inflammation caused by SP infection alone was temporary, preceding IAV infection provided favorable conditions for SP colonization and multiplication by destroying lung structure and suppressing humoral immunity. Synergistic IAV-SP coinfection is likely to facilitate more SP colonization and promote B lymphocyte-suppression and reduction. Eventually, the pneumonia worsened.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/imunologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/imunologia , Infecções Pneumocócicas/imunologia , Pneumonia Bacteriana/imunologia , Animais , Apoptose , Linfócitos B/citologia , Coinfecção/microbiologia , Coinfecção/virologia , Células Endoteliais , Vírus da Influenza A , Pulmão , Camundongos , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/microbiologia , Infecções Pneumocócicas/virologia , Streptococcus pneumoniae
8.
Life Sci ; 235: 116838, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493482

RESUMO

AIMS: This work aimed to evaluate the regulatory function of IL-10-producing B cells in viral myocarditis (VMC). MAIN METHODS: We adoptively transferred purified IL-10-producing B cells to VMC mice via the tail vein. We observed the inflammatory responses and cardiac lesions by histological analysis, examined the proportions of spleen Th1 and T17 cells by flow cytometry and expression levels of related transcription factors (T-bet and RORγt) by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and calculated the cardiac pathological scores and the mean survival times. KEY FINDINGS: IL-10-producing B cells were found to be T cell-dependent in the pathogenesis of VMC. They mainly downregulated T-bet and RORγt mRNA levels to decrease the proportions of Th1 and Th17 cells, thereby restraining the inflammation and damage in the myocardium in B cell-deficient VMC mice. Adoptive transfer of IL-10-producing B cells before VMC induction also normalized the inflammatory responses and prolonged the survival time in wild-type (WT) VMC mice. While the transfer of IL-10-producing B cells on day 3 of VMC alleviated the severity of disease, it did not extend the mean survival time of VMC mice. By contrast, IL-10-producing B cells showed no effect on day 7 of VMC. In conclusion, IL-10-producing B cells downregulate the proportion of Th1 and Th17 cells to alleviate inflammatory damage in the myocardium during VMC before the induction or the early phase of disease. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings suggest that IL-10-producing B cells may be a new therapeutic target for modulating the immune response in VMC.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Enterovirus Humano B/imunologia , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Interleucina-10/fisiologia , Miocardite/fisiopatologia , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th17/imunologia , Transferência Adotiva , Animais , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/virologia , Regulação para Baixo , Interleucina-10/biossíntese , Masculino , Camundongos , Miocardite/metabolismo , Miocardite/patologia , Miocardite/virologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/biossíntese , Taxa de Sobrevida , Proteínas com Domínio T/biossíntese
9.
Nat Med ; 25(9): 1402-1407, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501610

RESUMO

Natalizumab (NZM), a humanized monoclonal IgG4 antibody to α4 integrins, is used to treat patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS)1,2, but in about 6% of the cases persistent neutralizing anti-drug antibodies (ADAs) are induced leading to therapy discontinuation3,4. To understand the basis of the ADA response and the mechanism of ADA-mediated neutralization, we performed an in-depth analysis of the B and T cell responses in two patients. By characterizing a large panel of NZM-specific monoclonal antibodies, we found that, in both patients, the response was polyclonal and targeted different epitopes of the NZM idiotype. The neutralizing activity was acquired through somatic mutations and correlated with a slow dissociation rate, a finding that was supported by structural data. Interestingly, in both patients, the analysis of the CD4+ T cell response, combined with mass spectrometry-based peptidomics, revealed a single immunodominant T cell epitope spanning the FR2-CDR2 region of the NZM light chain. Moreover, a CDR2-modified version of NZM was not recognized by T cells, while retaining binding to α4 integrins. Collectively, our integrated analysis identifies the basis of T-B collaboration that leads to ADA-mediated therapeutic resistance and delineates an approach to design novel deimmunized antibodies for autoimmune disease and cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/administração & dosagem , Epitopos de Linfócito T/imunologia , Esclerose Múltipla/tratamento farmacológico , Natalizumab/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/química , Formação de Anticorpos/efeitos dos fármacos , Formação de Anticorpos/imunologia , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/química , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Integrina alfa4/antagonistas & inibidores , Integrina alfa4/imunologia , Esclerose Múltipla/imunologia , Esclerose Múltipla/patologia , Conformação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T/química , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T/imunologia
10.
Immunogenetics ; 71(8-9): 519-530, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520135

RESUMO

Human CD4+ T lymphocytes play an important role in inducing potent immune responses. T cells are activated and stimulated by peptides presented in human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-class II molecules. These HLA-class II molecules typically present peptides of between 12 and 20 amino acids in length. The region that interacts with the HLA molecule, designated as the peptide-binding core, is highly conserved in the residues which anchor the peptide to the molecule. In addition, as these peptides are the product of proteolytic cleavages, certain conserved residues may be expected at the N- and C-termini outside the binding core. To study whether similar conserved residues are present in different cell types, potentially harbouring different proteolytic enzymes, the ligandomes of HLA-DRB1*03:01/HLA-DRB > 1 derived from two different cell types (dendritic cells and EBV-transformed B cells) were identified with mass spectrometry and the binding core and N- and C-terminal residues of a total of 16,568 peptides were analysed using the frequencies of the amino acids in the human proteome. Similar binding motifs were found as well as comparable conservations in the N- and C-terminal residues. Furthermore, the terminal conservations of these ligandomes were compared to the N- and C-terminal conservations of the ligandome acquired from dendritic cells homozygous for HLA-DRB1*04:01. Again, comparable conservations were evident with only minor differences. Taken together, these data show that there are conservations in the terminal residues of peptides, presumably the result of the activity of proteases involved in antigen processing.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Antígenos HLA-DR/classificação , Antígenos HLA-DR/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Linfócitos B/citologia , Células Cultivadas , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Humanos , Ligantes , Ligação Proteica
11.
BMC Med Genet ; 20(1): 157, 2019 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is a primary immunodeficiency disorder caused by germline mutations in the Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) gene on X chromosome. These mutations disturb B-cell development, decrease immunoglobulin levels, increase susceptibility to infection or neoplasms, and increase the risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). For occasional cases of CRC have been reported in XLA patients, low levels of B lymphocytes and immunoglobulins induced by congenital immune disorder make them more susceptible to drug-related toxicities (DRT). Therefore, gene sequencing, therapeutic drug monitoring and any possible measurement to predict DRT should be considered before determining the course of chemotherapy for XLA patients with CRC. CASE PRESENTATION: In this study, we reported a 21-year-old male who developed metastatic CRC in the context of XLA. Since the whole exome sequencing and therapeutic drug monitoring did not reveal any predictive markers of DRT, we applied standard first-line chemotherapy to the patient. However, progressive disease occurred after the fifth treatment cycle. Therefore, the administration of oxaliplatin was changed to irinotecan as second-line therapy. After that, the patient firstly suffered from severe hypocalcemia and eventually died due to metastatic CRC after the eighth treatment cycle. The overall survival time was 7.5 months. CONCLUSIONS: This study reported the first written record of a Chinese XLA patient with metastatic CRC and severe hypocalcemia. Whole exome sequencing and bioinformatic analysis indicated the somatic mutations in ABCA6, C6 and PAX3 genes might contribute to the early-onset and metastasis CRC. Besides, a number of germline mutations in genes related to calcium metabolism (CACNA2D4, CD36, etc.) and the administration of irinotecan were speculated to be the causes of severe hypocalcemia. We therefore suggested that in order to avoid severe DRT, clinicians should take genetic background and therapeutic drug monitoring into consideration while planning chemotherapy treatment for XLA patients with CRC.


Assuntos
Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia/genética , Agamaglobulinemia/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Hipocalcemia/complicações , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Adulto , Agamaglobulinemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Linfócitos B , Canais de Cálcio Tipo L/genética , Capecitabina/administração & dosagem , Capecitabina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Complemento C6/genética , Monitoramento de Medicamentos , Tratamento Farmacológico , Estudos de Associação Genética , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Hipocalcemia/induzido quimicamente , Imunoglobulinas , Irinotecano/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Mutação , Oxaliplatina/uso terapêutico , Fator de Transcrição PAX3/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma , Adulto Jovem
12.
Presse Med ; 48(9): 919-930, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543394

RESUMO

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a large-vessel vasculitis involving the aorta and its main branches, especially supra aortic branches. Although much progress has been made, the pathophysiology remains incompletely understood. An initial trigger, suspected of infectious origin, lead to the maturation and recruitment of dendritic cells (DC). The lack of migration of these DC allows the local recruitment of T-lymphocytes (LT). These LT- CD4+ polarize in Type 1 helper (Th1), Th17 but also Th9. A qualitative and quantitative deficit in regulatory T cells (Treg) is observed under the influence of IL-21 overproduction. In addition, an imbalance in the Th17/Treg balance is favored by IL-6. The secretion of IFN-γ, IL-17, IL-6, IL-33 is responsible for a sustained local inflammatory reaction that is organized around tertiary lymphoid follicles. Locally recruited macrophages secrete reactive forms of oxygen together with VEGF and PDGF. These growth factors, together with neurotrophins and endothelin contribute to increase the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). The imbalance between matrix metalloproteases (MMP)-2, MMP-9 and MMP-14 and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteases (TIMP)-1 and TIMP-2 also contribute to the remodeling process occurring in the vessel wall. Finally, arterial neovascularization contribute to the perpetuation of lymphocyte recruitment. This persistent remodeling is sometimes complicated by ischemic events responsible for the initial severity of the disease.


Assuntos
Arterite de Células Gigantes/fisiopatologia , Remodelação Vascular/fisiologia , Animais , Linfócitos B/fisiologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/fisiologia , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Dendríticas/fisiologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Arterite de Células Gigantes/tratamento farmacológico , Arterite de Células Gigantes/etiologia , Arterite de Células Gigantes/patologia , Humanos , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Interleucina-33/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/fisiologia , Interleucinas/biossíntese , Ativação Linfocitária/fisiologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/fisiopatologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/fisiologia , Células Th17/fisiologia
13.
Yonsei Med J ; 60(10): 890-897, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31538423

RESUMO

In 1993, I reported that Coxiella burnetii transforms human B cells into hairy cells (cbHCs), the first hairy cell reported outside of hairy cell leukemia (HCL). Over last few decades, advances in molecular biology have provided evidence supporting that C. burnetii induces hairiness and inhibits the apoptosis of host cells. The present review summarizes new information in support of cbHC. C. burnetii was shown to induce reorganization of the cytoskeleton and to inhibit apoptosis in host cells. Peritoneal B1a cells were found to be permissive for virulent C. burnetii Nine Mile phase I (NMI) strains in mice. C. burnetii severely impaired E-cad expression in circulating cells of Q fever patients. B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma was linked to C. burnetii. Mutation of BRAF V600E was pronounced in HCL, but "hairiness" was not linked to the mutation. Risk factors shared among coxiellosis and HCL in humans and animals were reported in patients with Q-fever. Accordingly, I propose that C. burnetii induces reorganization of the cytoskeleton and inhibits apoptosis as cytopathic effects that are not target cell specific. The observed hairiness in cbHC appears to be a fixed image of dynamic nature, and hairy cells in HCL are distinct among lymphoid cells in circulation. As the cytoskeleton plays key roles in maintaining cell structural integrity in health and disease, the pathophysiology of similar cytopathic effects should be addressed in other diseases, such as myopathies, B-cell dyscrasias, and autoimmune syndromes.


Assuntos
Coxiella burnetii/fisiologia , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Linfócitos B/microbiologia , Linfócitos B/ultraestrutura , Coxiella burnetii/ultraestrutura , Citoesqueleto/ultraestrutura , Humanos , Mutação/genética , Febre Q/microbiologia , Febre Q/patologia
14.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(9): 1515-1526, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515669

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic and biologic significance of immune-related gene expression in high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC). METHODS: Gene expression dependent survival analyses for a panel of immune related genes were evaluated in HGSOC utilizing The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Prognostic value of LCK was validated using IHC in an independent set of 72 HGSOC. Prognostic performance of LCK was compared to cytolytic score (CYT) using RNAseq across multiple tumor types. Differentially expressed genes in LCK high samples and gene ontology enrichment were analyzed. RESULTS: High pre-treatment LCK mRNA expression was found to be a strong predictor of survival in a set of 535 ovarian cancers. Patients with high LCK mRNA expression had a longer median progression free survival (PFS) of 29.4 months compared to 16.9 months in those without LCK high expression (p = 0.003), and longer median overall survival (OS) of 95.1 months versus 44.5 months (p = 0.001), which was confirmed in an independent cohort by IHC (p = 0.04). LCK expression was compared to CYT across tumor types available in the TCGA and was a significant predictor of prognosis in HGSOC where CYT was not predictive. Unexpectedly, LCK high samples also were enriched in numerous immunoglobulin-related and other B cell transcripts. CONCLUSIONS: LCK is a better prognostic factor than CYT in ovarian cancer. In HGSOC, LCK high samples were characterized by higher expression of immunoglobulin and B-cell related genes suggesting that a cooperative interaction between tumor infiltrating T and B cells may correlate with better survival in this disease.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/fisiologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/imunologia , Proteína Tirosina Quinase p56(lck) Linfócito-Específica/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/diagnóstico , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/mortalidade , Citotoxicidade Imunológica , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Proteína Tirosina Quinase p56(lck) Linfócito-Específica/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Transcriptoma
15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(2 supl.1): 4-4, set., 2019.
Artigo em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1016802

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: A reperfusão precoce é recomendada universalmente para tratamento de pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdico com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (IAMCST). Entretanto, apesar de rápida reperfusão com angioplastia primária ou química, alguns pacientes ainda apresentam grandes massas de fibrose miocárdica e, portanto, queda significativa da função ventricular. OBJETIVO: avaliar o papel da resposta inflamatória mediada pelos linfócitos B na massa de infarto e na função ventricular após IAMCST. Métodos: amostras de sangue venoso foram coletadas no primeiro (D1) e trigésimo dia (D30) de pacientes com IAMCST(n=120), submetidos a estratégia fármacoinvasiva.A quantificação dos linfócitos B e T foi determinada por citometria de fluxo. A secreção espontânea de imunoglobulina M (IgM) pelos linfócitos B1, foi quantificada por ELISPOT. IgM total e níveis de interleucinas (IL) plasmáticas foram determinadas por ELISA. A massa de infarto e a fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE) foram estimadas por ressonância nuclear magnética cardíaca em D30. RESULTADOS: houve queda no número absoluto (cels/mL) das subpopulações de linfócitos B1 e B2 em D30...(AU)


Assuntos
Linfócitos B , Parâmetros , Infarto do Miocárdio
16.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 153(6): 225-231, sept. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184027

RESUMO

Fundamento y objetivo: Analizar la asociación entre concentraciones de interferón-1alpha (INF1alpha), interleucina 10 (IL-10) y BLyS con la actividad clínica en el lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES). Pacientes y métodos: Estudio observacional transversal de 142 pacientes con LES y 34 controles sanos mediante analítica de sangre y orina y revisión de la historia clínica. La concentración sérica de citocinas se determinó mediante métodos colorimétricos. El análisis bioestadístico se realizó con R (3.3.2). Resultados: El 69% de pacientes mostraron al menos una citocina aumentada. Las tres citocinas están más elevadas en pacientes que en controles (p<0,001, p=0,005 y p=0,043), siendo INF1alpha el más frecuente. Los pacientes fueron categorizados según las concentraciones de las tres citocinas. Encontramos una asociación significativa entre concentraciones elevadas de IL-10/INF1alpha y una mayor actividad clínica según SELENA-SLEDAI (p<0,0001) y, en menor medida, con concentraciones aumentadas de INF1alpha/IL-10/BLyS. Concentraciones elevadas de IL-10/INF1alpha e INF1alpha/IL-10/BLyS se relacionaron con un mayor consumo de C3-C4 (p<0,001 y p=0,001) y títulos elevados de anti-dsDNA (p=0,001 y p=0,002). Concentraciones elevadas de INF1alpha/BLyS se relacionaron con títulos más altos de anti-dsDNA (p=0,004) y positividad ENA (p<0,001). Concentraciones altas de INF1alpha/IL-10/BLyS se relacionaron con la positividad de ANA (p<0,001) y anticuerpos antifosfolípidos (p=0,004). Conclusiones: INF1alpha, IL-10 y BLyS están más elevados en pacientes con LES que en controles sanos. El aumento de IL-10, asociado o no a aumento de BLyS y/o INF1alpha, es la citocina que mejor se ajusta a la actividad clínica del LES medida con métodos clásicos


Background and objective: to analyse the association between interferon-1alpha (INF1alpha), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and BLyS concentrations and clinical activity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Patients and methods: A cross-sectional, observational study of 142 SLE patients and 34 healthy controls was performed, through a complete blood and urine test and review of their medical history. Serum concentration of INF1alpha, IL-10 and BLyS was determined by colorimetric methods. A biostatistical analysis was performed with R (3.3.2.). Results: 69% of our SLE patients showed at least one cytokine increased. INF1alpha, IL-10 and BLyS are higher in SLE patients than in healthy controls (P<.001, P=.005 and P=.043, respectively), being INF1alpha the most frequent. Patients were categorised according to low or high concentrations of the three cytokines. We found a significant association between increased IL-10/INF1alpha concentrations and a higher clinical activity measured by SELENA-SLEDAI (P<.0001) and, to a lesser extent, an association with increased INF1alpha/IL-10/BLyS concentrations. Elevated levels of IL-10/INF1alpha and INF1alpha/IL-10/BLyS related to increased C3-C4 consumption (P<.001 and P=.001 respectively) and anti-dsDNA titres (P=.001 and P=.002 respectively). Elevated INF1alpha/BLyS related to higher anti-dsDNA titres (P=.004) and ENA positivity (P<.001). Increased levels of INF1alpha/IL-10/BLyS related to positivity of ANAs (P<.001) and APL (P=.004). Conclusions: INF1alpha, IL-10 and BLyS are higher in SLE patients than in healthy controls. Increased IL-10 levels, regardless of whether or not there were also increased levels of BLyS and/or INF1alpha, was the cytokine that best fit with clinical activity in SLE measured with classic methods


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Interferon Tipo I/sangue , Interleucina-10/sangue , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/urina , Estudos Transversais , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/urina , Colorimetria/métodos , Bioestatística , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Citocinas/sangue , Citocinas/urina
17.
Cancer Sci ; 110(10): 3038-3048, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385405

RESUMO

Retroperitoneal liposarcoma (RLPS) is one of the most common subtypes of retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcomas and lacks effective treatment. This study aimed to provide a thorough profile of immune characteristics of RLPS. This study included 56 RLPS patients. Multisite tumor tissues were collected from 16 patients. Immunohistochemistry was carried out to identify CD4+ , CD8+ , FoxP3+ , CD20+ , or programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)+ tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and  Programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression in tumor tissues. Ultradeep sequencing of T-cell receptor (TCR) ß-chain gene was carried out in 42 tumor samples as well as peripheral blood samples collected from 6 patients. In RLPS, TILs were distributed in 3 patterns and T cells were more prevalent than B cells. Generally, the proportion of TILs decreased and PD-L1 expression increased with tumor progression. Patients with higher PD-1/PD-L1 expression tended to have poorer prognosis, whereas patients with tertiary lymphoid structure tended to have a favorable disease-free survival. Although T-cell clones in tumors were quite different from those in peripheral blood, TCR sequencing showed low TCR repertoire reads as well as polyclonal status within tumors, which indicated limited T cell response in the tumors. Both TILs distribution and TCR repertoires suggested spatial immune heterogeneity in RLPS. Our research described the immune landscape of RLPS, and suggested RLPS might be a kind of tumor with low T cell infiltration as well as great immune heterogeneity. Therefore, strategies that can facilitate lymphocytic infiltration and immune reactivity need to be developed in the future to improve the efficacy of immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Lipossarcoma/imunologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/genética , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Lipossarcoma/genética , Lipossarcoma/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/genética , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/mortalidade , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Regulação para Cima
18.
Hematol Oncol ; 37(4): 483-486, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408541

RESUMO

In absence of red blood cells disease or immune defect, parvovirus B19 (PVB-19) is usually considered as a benign condition. Here, we report the case of a 10-year-old boy, previously healthy, presenting with a PVB-19 infection revealed by a bicytopenia and a voluminous axillary adenopathy. Pathophysiology examination showed reactional lymphoid population. Nine months later and in the absence of remission, a new biopsy of the same adenopathy revealed a Hodgkin lymphoma with area of T-cell rich aggressive large B-cell lymphoma. This case suggests PVB-19 as potential trigger of this malignant childhood hemopathy. Although no definitive conclusion can be drawn, our clinical case questions the role of PVB-19 in lymphomagenesis.


Assuntos
Eritema Infeccioso/complicações , Doença de Hodgkin/etiologia , Linfoma de Células B/etiologia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/etiologia , Viremia/complicações , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos B/patologia , Medula Óssea/patologia , Medula Óssea/virologia , Criança , Eritema Infeccioso/sangue , Eritema Infeccioso/patologia , Eritema Infeccioso/virologia , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/patologia , Pancitopenia/etiologia , Pseudolinfoma/etiologia , Indução de Remissão , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Linfócitos T/patologia , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
19.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(8): 553-560, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378035

RESUMO

Objective: To study the immune regulation function of high expressing interleukin-10 (IL-10) in B cells on CD4(+)T-cells in periodontitis mouse model. Methods: Twenty-four 7-weeks-old female C57BL/6 mice were randomly and equally assigned into 4 groups: the healthy control group (HC group, n=6), the ligation combined Porphyromonasgingivalis (Pg) infection group (P group, n=6), the ligation combined Pg infection with non-stimulated B cell transfer group (P+NSB group, n=6) and the ligation combined Pg infection with stimulated B cell transfer group (P+SB group, n=6). Ligation combined Pg infection of the maxillary second molar was used to induce periodontitis of mice. The exogenous non-stimulated B cells or stimulated B cells were injected into the palate gingivalat the 5th day after ligation, and all mice were sacrificed at the 14th day. HE stain was used to detect the histological of periodontal tissues, toluidine blue stain was used to analysis the alveolar bone loss, immunofluorescence stain was used to detect the expression of CD4(+)T-cell and IL-10, immunohistochemical was used to detect the expression of receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) and IL-1ß. Results: Results of HE staining showed that more hyperplasia of gingival epithelium and the alveolar bone resorption in P group, P+NSB group and P+SB group compared with HC group. Results of toluidine blue staining showed that the alveolar bone losses in P group [(0.668±0.041) mm(2)], P+NSB group [(0.750±0.039) mm(2)] and P+SB group [(0.517±0.038) mm(2)] were significantly increased compared with that in HC group [(0.336±0.029) mm(2)](F=146.051, P<0.01), and the alveolar bone resorption was significantly increased in P+NSB group compared with that in P group (F=146.051, P<0.01). However, compared with P+NSB group and P group, the alveolar bone loss in P+SB groupwas significantly decreased (F=146.051, P<0.01). Results of immunofluorescence staining showed that CD4(+)T-cells expressed in P group [(287.5±37.9) cell/mm(2)], P+NSB group [(314.6±53.3) cell/mm(2)] and P+SB group [(185.4±42.9) cell/mm(2)] were higher than that in HC group [(12.5±13.7) cell/mm(2))(F=71.284, P<0.01). Compared with P group and P+NSB group, CD4(+)T-cells expression in group P+SB was decreased (F=71.284, P<0.01). IL-10 levels were increased in P group [(111.7±20.4) cell/mm(2)], P+NSB group [(126.7±15.1) cell/mm(2)] and P+SB group [(191.0±22.6) cell/mm(2)] compared with that in HC group [(22.7±4.3) cell/mm(2)] (F=98.516, P<0.01), and the IL-10 expressed in P+SB group was significantly higher than those in P+NSB group and P group. Results of immunohistochemical tests showed that RANKL expressions in gingival tissues among P group [(674.0±71.5) cell/mm(2)], P+NSB group [(831.0±97.5) cell/mm(2)] and P+SB group [(420.1±40.8) cell/mm(2)] were significantly higher than that in HC group [(69.3±29.1) cell/mm(2)] (F=154.886, P<0.01). However, it dramatically decreased in P+SB group compared with those in P group and P+NSB group.The IL-1ßexpression in P group [(447.8±40.8) cell/mm(2)], P+NSB group [(512.5±38.2) cell/mm(2)] and P+SB group [(281.6±32.4) cell/mm(2)] were significantly higher than that in HC group [(50.8±20.9) cell/mm(2)], and it also higher in P+NSB group compared with in P group. However, it decreased in P+SB group compared with those in P group and P+NSB group (F=221.185, P<0.01). Conclusions: High expression IL-10 in B cell smight inhibit alveolar bone loss, RANKL and IL-1ß expressions and CD4(+)T-cell infiltration through IL-10.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Linfócitos B , Periodontite , Linfócitos T , Animais , Antígenos CD4 , Feminino , Interleucina-10 , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Distribuição Aleatória
20.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(11): 2803-2811, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463716

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Flow cytometry (FCM) plays a crucial role in the differential diagnosis of Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia (BL) and B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL). The presence of surface IgM (sIgM) alone or with light chain restriction indicates a mature blast phenotype (BIV by EGIL) and is usually observed in BL. However, sIgM expression could also be detected in transitional BCP-ALL cases. These similarities in immunophenotype and ambiguous correspondence with other laboratory findings may challenge the correct BL diagnostics. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the available data from immunophenotypic, morphological, cytogenetic, and molecular genetic studies of 146 children (85 boys and 61 girls) with a median age of 10 years (range 0-18 years) who were diagnosed with BL and BCP-ALL. The blasts' immunophenotype was studied by multicolor FCM. The conventional cytogenetic analysis included G-banded karyotyping and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). RESULTS: In 54 children classified as BIV-ALL according to the EGIL, it was demonstrated that sIgM in a minority of cases can be associated with various types of BCP-ALL. Analysis of the antigen expression profile of 105 patients with verified BL (n = 21) and BCP-ALL (n = 84) showed significant differences in BL and the sIgM(+) vs BCP-ALL immunophenotype. Thus, even in cases of ambiguous sIgM expression, these two diseases could be reliably discriminated by complex immunophenotyping. Moreover, 10 patients (7 boys and 3 girls) with BL leukemic cells did not express sIgM, and they were diagnosed with BL on the basis of other laboratory and clinical signs. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, our study shows that BIV subtype is heterogeneous group of leukemia including not only the BL, but also BCP-ALL. In ambiguous cases, only a combination of multiple immunophenotypic, cytomorphologic, and genetic diagnostic technologies can allow the precise discrimination of BL and BCP-ALL and selection of the appropriate treatment scheme.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/patologia , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Imunofenotipagem/métodos , Cariotipagem/métodos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/classificação , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/patologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
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