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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(30): e16345, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348233

RESUMO

To evaluate the potential role of Pten and CD4FOXP3 T cells in prognosis from endometrial cancer.Tissue samples and clinical data were collected from 200 patients with endometrial cancer and 100 control patients with benign uterine diseases. The expressions of Pten and CD4FOXP3 T cells were quantified by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. After surgery, all patients were followed up for an average of 56.3 months. Surgical effects were evaluated based on the patients' symptoms and signs. A two-sided P value < .05 was considered significant.Pten diminished and CD4FOXP3 T cells significantly accumulated with the progression of endometial cancer, in comparison to the controls. Moreover, Pten expression was negatively correlated with the count of CD4FOXP3 T cells. Pten and CD4FOXP3 T cells were correlated with clinical characteristics, including tumor stage, differentiation and associated with patients' disease-free survival.Limited data were available between the expressions of Pten and CD4FOXP3 T cells in patients with endometrial cancer. Our study findings suggested that the expressions of Pten and CD4FOXP3 T cells might become possible biomarkers for the diagnosis and prediction in endometrial cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/imunologia , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/biossíntese , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Feminino , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/biossíntese , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/imunologia , Prognóstico , Linfócitos T/metabolismo
2.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3000, 2019 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278254

RESUMO

Tumor-driven immune suppression is a major barrier to successful immunotherapy in ovarian carcinomas (OvCa). Among various mechanisms responsible for immune suppression, arginase-1 (ARG1)-carrying small extracellular vesicles (EVs) emerge as important contributors to tumor growth and tumor escape from the host immune system. Here, we report that small EVs found in the ascites and plasma of OvCa patients contain ARG1. EVs suppress proliferation of CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells in vitro and in vivo in OvCa mouse models. In mice, ARG1-containing EVs are transported to draining lymph nodes, taken up by dendritic cells and inhibit antigen-specific T-cell proliferation. Increased expression of ARG1 in mouse OvCa cells is associated with accelerated tumor progression that can be blocked by an arginase inhibitor. Altogether, our studies show that tumor cells use EVs as vehicles to carry over long distances and deliver to immune cells a metabolic checkpoint molecule - ARG1, mitigating anti-tumor immune responses.


Assuntos
Arginase/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/imunologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/imunologia , Evasão Tumoral/imunologia , Animais , Arginase/antagonistas & inibidores , Arginase/imunologia , Ascite/imunologia , Ascite/patologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Comunicação Celular/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral/transplante , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Estudos de Coortes , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/sangue , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia
3.
Mol Immunol ; 112: 369-377, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279218

RESUMO

Obesity is characterized by immune cell infiltration and inflammation. Purinergic receptors such as P2X1, 4 and 7 are expressed on immune cells and their activation contributes with an inflammatory response. However, the simultaneous expression of P2X1, 4 and 7 during overweight or obesity have not been described. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine single and simultaneously expression and function of the P2X1, 4 and 7 receptors in lymphocytes and CD4 + T cells from peripheral blood (PB) and adipose tissue (AT). Our results showed a higher expression of the P2X4 receptor on CD4 + T cells from PB regarding P2X7 and P2X1 receptor expression. In addition, P2X4 receptor expression on CD4 + T cells from PB and AT was increased in individuals with BMI ≥ 25 Kg/m2. Moreover, a higher simultaneous expression of the P2X4 and P2X7 receptors on CD4 + T cells from AT compared to CD4 + T cells expressing P2X1 and P2X7 receptors simultaneously. Besides, CD4 + T cells expressing P2X4 and P2X7 receptors from PB and AT were augmented in individuals with BMI ≥ 25 Kg/m2. In addition, the percentage of lymphocytes and also CD4 + T cells expressing P2X4 receptor were elevated both in PB and AT compared to cells expressing P2X7 or P2X1. However, CD4 + T cells expressing P2X4 and P2X7 were augmented in AT compared to PB. The function of the receptors showed a lower shedding of CD62 L in adipose tissue mononuclear cells (ATMC) compared with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and a greater participation of P2X4 in the mobilization of intracellular calcium. We concluded that it was possible to determine for the first time the simultaneous expression of purinergic receptors in ATMC, where the P2X4 receptor has a greater participation in the activation of CD4 + T cells possibly modulating the function of the other two receptors.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X1/metabolismo , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X4/metabolismo , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X7/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Adulto , Cálcio/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
4.
Clin Interv Aging ; 14: 817-826, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190768

RESUMO

Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder that also involves neuroinflammation in addition to many other features. Icariin (ICA) as one of the active ingredients of Chinese herbal medicine has the immunomodulating function. This study aimed to investigate the immunotherapeutic potential of ICA on AD. Methods: APP/PS1 mice and wild type C57BL/6 mice were subjected to orally ICA administration (60 mg/kg/d) for 8 months. Then, the ethological and biochemical experiments, such as Morris water maze assay, Aß ELISA, blood T cell flow cytometry, and plasma and brain cytokines array, were conducted to evaluate the effects of ICA administration. Results: ICA significantly improved spatial learning and memory retention in APP/PS1 mice. Long-term application of ICA could also reduce hippocampus Aß deposition, modulate the differentiation of CD4+ T cells, and modulate the release of inflammatory cytokines in plasma and brain tissue. Conclusion: ICA shows the neuroprotective effects via modulating the CD4+ T lymphocyte-related immuno-inflammatory responses in APP/PS1 mice and may be a promising drug against AD progression.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Memória/efeitos dos fármacos , Aprendizagem Espacial/efeitos dos fármacos , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/metabolismo , Animais , Cognição/fisiologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Aprendizagem em Labirinto , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Presenilina-1
5.
Nat Immunol ; 20(7): 824-834, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209403

RESUMO

Multiple genome-wide studies have identified associations between outcome of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and polymorphisms in and around the gene encoding the HIV co-receptor CCR5, but the functional basis for the strongest of these associations, rs1015164A/G, is unknown. We found that rs1015164 marks variation in an activating transcription factor 1 binding site that controls expression of the antisense long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) CCR5AS. Knockdown or enhancement of CCR5AS expression resulted in a corresponding change in CCR5 expression on CD4+ T cells. CCR5AS interfered with interactions between the RNA-binding protein Raly and the CCR5 3' untranslated region, protecting CCR5 messenger RNA from Raly-mediated degradation. Reduction in CCR5 expression through inhibition of CCR5AS diminished infection of CD4+ T cells with CCR5-tropic HIV in vitro. These data represent a rare determination of the functional importance of a genome-wide disease association where expression of a lncRNA affects HIV infection and disease progression.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Variação Genética , Infecções por HIV/genética , Infecções por HIV/virologia , HIV-1 , RNA Antissenso/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Receptores CCR5/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Alelos , Biomarcadores , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/virologia , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Genes Reporter , Genótipo , Infecções por HIV/metabolismo , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Grupos Populacionais/genética , Prognóstico , Estabilidade de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Receptores CCR5/metabolismo , Carga Viral
6.
PLoS Genet ; 15(6): e1008178, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199784

RESUMO

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a chronic multi-factorial disorder characterized by the immune-mediated destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. Variations at a large number of genes influence susceptibility to spontaneous autoimmune T1D in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice, one of the most frequently studied animal models for human disease. The genetic analysis of these mice allowed the identification of many insulin-dependent diabetes (Idd) loci and candidate genes, one of them being Cd101. CD101 is a heavily glycosylated transmembrane molecule which exhibits negative-costimulatory functions and promotes regulatory T (Treg) function. It is abundantly expressed on subsets of lymphoid and myeloid cells, particularly within the gastrointestinal tract. We have recently reported that the genotype-dependent expression of CD101 correlates with a decreased susceptibility to T1D in NOD.B6 Idd10 congenic mice compared to parental NOD controls. Here we show that the knockout of CD101 within the introgressed B6-derived Idd10 region increased T1D frequency to that of the NOD strain. This loss of protection from T1D was paralleled by decreased Gr1-expressing myeloid cells and FoxP3+ Tregs and an enhanced accumulation of CD4-positive over CD8-positive T lymphocytes in pancreatic tissues. As compared to CD101+/+ NOD.B6 Idd10 donors, adoptive T cell transfers from CD101-/- NOD.B6 Idd10 mice increased T1D frequency in lymphopenic NOD scid and NOD.B6 Idd10 scid recipients. Increased T1D frequency correlated with a more rapid expansion of the transferred CD101-/- T cells and a lower proportion of recipient Gr1-expressing myeloid cells in the pancreatic lymph nodes. Fewer of the Gr1+ cells in the recipients receiving CD101-/- T cells expressed CD101 and the cells had lower levels of IL-10 and TGF-ß mRNA. Thus, our results connect the Cd101 haplotype-dependent protection from T1D to an anti-diabetogenic function of CD101-expressing Tregs and Gr1-positive myeloid cells and confirm the identity of Cd101 as Idd10.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos Ly/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/genética , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Animais , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/patologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Haplótipos/genética , Humanos , Linfonodos/metabolismo , Linfonodos/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos Knockout , Células Mieloides/imunologia , Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Pâncreas/patologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo
7.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(7): 1195-1209, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177329

RESUMO

The anti-tumor efficacy of TCR-engineered T cells in vivo depends largely on less-differentiated subsets such as T cells with naïve-like T cell (TN) phenotypes with greater expansion and long-term persistence. To increase these subsets, we compared the generation of New York esophageal squamous cell carcinoma-1 (NY-ESO-1)-specific T cells under supplementation with either IL-2 or IL-7/IL-15. PBMCs were transduced with MS3II-NY-ESO-1-siTCR retroviral vector. T cell generation was adapted from a CD19-specific CART cell production protocol. Comparable results in viability, expansion and transduction efficiency of T cells under stimulation with either IL-2 or IL-7/IL-15 were observed. IL-7/IL-15 led to an increase of CD4+ T cells and a decrease of CD8+ T cells, enriched the amount of TN among CD4+ T cells but not among CD8+ T cells. In a 51Cr release assay, similar specific lysis of NY-ESO-1-positive SW982 sarcoma cells was achieved. However, intracellular cytokine staining revealed a significantly increased production of IFN-γ and TNF-α in T cells generated by IL-2 stimulation. To validate these unexpected findings, NY-ESO-1-specific T cell production was evaluated in another protocol originally established for TCR-engineered T cells. IL-7/IL-15 increased the proportion of TN. However, the absolute number of TN did not increase due to a significantly slower expansion of T cells with IL-7/IL-15. In conclusion, IL-7/IL-15 does not seem to be superior to IL-2 for the generation of NY-ESO-1-specific T cells. This is in sharp contrast to the observations in CD19-specific CART cells. Changes of cytokine cocktails should be carefully evaluated for individual vector systems.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Engenharia Celular/métodos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Neoplasias/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/imunologia , Antígenos CD19/metabolismo , Antígenos de Neoplasias/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/transplante , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/transplante , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Meios de Cultura , Humanos , Interleucina-15/imunologia , Interleucina-2/imunologia , Interleucina-7/imunologia , Proteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Neoplasias/imunologia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/genética
8.
Mol Med Rep ; 19(6): 5377-5385, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31059096

RESUMO

Hyperglycemia promotes the growth and reproduction of bacteria, thereby increasing the probability of infection, which also causes rebound hyperglycemia. Therefore, the interactions of infection and hyperglycemia lead to the progression and deterioration of these diseases. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune disease. Studies have shown that regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a key role in maintaining islet­specific tolerance. Treg deficiency may lead to the development of early pancreatitis and T1DM, and sufficient amounts of Tregs can restore this tolerance, thereby inhibiting the occurrence of T1DM. Moreover, different subpopulations of dendritic cells (DCs) play an important role in activating autoreactive T cells and inducing autoimmune tolerance to autoantigens, which are closely related to the functional diversity caused by different phenotypes, maturation status, and the immune microenvironment of DC subpopulations. In the present study, we used streptozotocin­induced hyperglycemic mice to model T1DM and induced a Salmonella infection in the mouse model, leading to aggravated inflammation, which resulted in an elevated proportion of CD103+CD11b+ DCs and a significantly elevated proportion of CD4+FoxP3+ Tregs in the intestinal lamina propria. After co­culturing CD4+ T cells and DCs, we found that CD103+CD11b+ DCs could significantly promote the proliferation of CD4+ T cells. The elevated proportions of CD4+FoxP3+ Tregs were considered to be correlated with the increased number of CD103+CD11b+ DCs.


Assuntos
Infecções por Salmonella/patologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Animais , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígeno CD11b/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/citologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cocultura , Citocinas/sangue , Células Dendríticas/citologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/imunologia , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Inflamação , Cadeias alfa de Integrinas/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/microbiologia , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Ativação Linfocitária , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pâncreas/patologia , Salmonella/patogenicidade , Infecções por Salmonella/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/citologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia
9.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2263, 2019 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118448

RESUMO

All memory T cells mount an accelerated response on antigen reencounter, but significant functional heterogeneity is present within the respective memory T-cell subsets as defined by CCR7 and CD45RA expression, thereby warranting further stratification. Here we show that several surface markers, including KLRB1, KLRG1, GPR56, and KLRF1, help define low, high, or exhausted cytokine producers within human peripheral and intrahepatic CD4+ memory T-cell populations. Highest simultaneous production of TNF and IFN-γ is observed in KLRB1+KLRG1+GPR56+ CD4 T cells. By contrast, KLRF1 expression is associated with T-cell exhaustion and reduced TNF/IFN-γ production. Lastly, TCRß repertoire analysis and in vitro differentiation support a regulated, progressive expression for these markers during CD4+ memory T-cell differentiation. Our results thus help refine the classification of human memory T cells to provide insights on inflammatory disease progression and immunotherapy development.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Hepatopatias/imunologia , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/metabolismo , Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/metabolismo , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Citocinas/imunologia , Humanos , Memória Imunológica , Fígado/patologia , Hepatopatias/sangue , Hepatopatias/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/imunologia , Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/imunologia
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(9)2019 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31035338

RESUMO

Ubiquitination and deubiquitination of cellular proteins are reciprocal reactions catalyzed by ubiquitination-related enzymes and deubiquitinase (DUB) which regulate almost all cellular processes. Marek's disease virus (MDV) encodes a viral DUB that plays an important role in the MDV pathogenicity. Chicken CD4+ T-cell lymphoma induced by MDV is a key contributor to multiple visceral tumors and immunosuppression of chickens with Marek's disease (MD). However, alterations in the ubiquitylome of MDV-induced T lymphoma cells are still unclear. In this study, a specific antibody against K-ε-GG was used to isolate ubiquitinated peptides from CD4+ T cells and MD T lymphoma cells. Mass spectrometry was used to compare and analyze alterations in the ubiquitylome. Our results showed that the ubiquitination of 717 and 778 proteins was significantly up- and downregulated, respectively, in T lymphoma cells. MDV up- and downregulated ubiquitination of a similar percentage of proteins. The ubiquitination of transferases, especially serine/threonine kinases, was the main regulatory target of MDV. Compared with CD4+ T cells of the control group, MDV mainly altered the ubiquitylome associated with the signal transduction, immune system, cancer, and infectious disease pathways in T lymphoma cells. In these pathways, the ubiquitination of CDK1, IL-18, PRKCB, ETV6, and EST1 proteins was significantly up- or downregulated as shown by immunoblotting. The current study revealed that the MDV infection could exert a significant influence on the ubiquitylome of CD4+ T cells.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Doença de Marek/imunologia , Doença de Marek/metabolismo , Animais , Carcinogênese/imunologia , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/imunologia , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Galinhas , Interleucina-18/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas
11.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2019: 8492090, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31073275

RESUMO

The aim of this investigation was to assess expression of programmed death-1 (PD-1) and inflammatory status after hip fracture surgery in aged mice and to evaluate the effect of anti-PD-1 antibody intervention. Male C57BL/6 mice aged 22-28 months underwent hip fracture and femoral intramedullary pinning or a sham procedure. Expression of PD-1 was measured on CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. Additionally, the effects of anti-PD-1 antibody on lymphocyte apoptosis, cytokine production, bacterial clearance, and survival were determined. Expression of PD-1 on T cells was upregulated in mice after hip fracture and surgery compared to sham controls. Administration of anti-PD-1 antibody prevented T lymphocyte apoptosis, increased IFN-γ production in splenocytes, and decreased systemic inflammation. Antibody blockade of PD-1 significantly decreased susceptibility to bacteria and improved survival rates of aged mice after hip fracture and surgery followed by the induction of Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia. This study showed that hip fracture and surgical trauma cause significant increases in PD-1 expression in aged mice. Antibody blockade of PD-1 partially reverses T cell apoptosis, decreases the systemic inflammatory response and susceptibility to bacteria, and reduces mortality.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/uso terapêutico , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/imunologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos/imunologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Citocinas/isolamento & purificação , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Interferon gama , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
12.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2042, 2019 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053703

RESUMO

Metabolic pathways that regulate T-cell function show promise as therapeutic targets in diverse diseases. Here, we show that at rest cultured human effector memory and central memory CD4+ T-cells have elevated levels of glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), in comparison to naïve T-cells. Despite having low resting metabolic rates, naive T-cells respond to TCR stimulation with robust and rapid increases in glycolysis and OXPHOS. This early metabolic switch requires Akt activity to support increased rates of glycolysis and STAT5 activity for amino acid biosynthesis and TCA cycle anaplerosis. Importantly, both STAT5 inhibition and disruption of TCA cycle anaplerosis are associated with reduced IL-2 production, demonstrating the functional importance of this early metabolic program. Our results define STAT5 as a key node in modulating the early metabolic program following activation in naive CD4+ T-cells and in turn provide greater understanding of how cellular metabolism shapes T-cell responses.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Ciclo do Ácido Cítrico/imunologia , Glicólise/imunologia , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Memória Imunológica , Ativação Linfocitária , Fosforilação Oxidativa , Cultura Primária de Células , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/imunologia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/imunologia
13.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(7): 1095-1106, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104075

RESUMO

Checkpoint blockade immunotherapy is now a first-line treatment option for patients with melanoma. Despite achieving objective responses in about half of patients, the exact immune mechanisms elicited and those required for therapeutic success have not been clearly identified. Insight into these mechanisms is key for improving outcomes in a broader range of cancer patients. We used a murine melanoma model to track responses by different subsets of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) during checkpoint blockade immunotherapy. Tumors from treated mice had increased frequencies of both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, which also showed evidence of functional reinvigoration and elevated effector cytokine production after immunotherapy. We predicted that increased T cell numbers and function within tumors reflected either infiltration by new T cells or clonal expansion by a few high-affinity tumor-reactive T cells. To address this, we compared TIL diversity before and after immunotherapy by sequencing the complementarity determining region 3 (CDR3) of all T cell receptor beta (TCRß) genes. While checkpoint blockade effectively slowed tumor progression and increased T cell frequencies, the diversity of intratumoral T cells remained stable. This was true when analyzing total T cells and when focusing on smaller subsets of effector CD4+ and CD8+ TIL as well as regulatory T cells. Our study suggests that checkpoint blockade immunotherapy does not broaden the T cell repertoire within murine melanoma tumors, but rather expands existing T cell populations and enhances effector capabilities.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Melanoma Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Antígeno CTLA-4/antagonistas & inibidores , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regiões Determinantes de Complementaridade/genética , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Melanoma Experimental/imunologia , Melanoma Experimental/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/imunologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
14.
Nat Immunol ; 20(6): 711-723, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31061530

RESUMO

Resting CD4+ T cells are highly resistant to the production of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). However, the mechanism by which resting CD4+ T cells restrict such production in the late viral replication phase of infection has remained unclear. In this study, we found that the cell membrane metalloprotease TRAB domain-containing protein 2A (TRABD2A) inhibited this production in resting CD4+ T cells by degrading the virion structural precursor polyprotein Gag at the plasma membrane. Depletion or inhibition of metalloprotease activity by TRABD2A profoundly enhanced HIV-1 production in resting CD4+ T cells. TRABD2A expression was much higher in resting CD4+ T cells than in activated CD4+ T cells and was considerably reduced by T cell activation. Moreover, reexpressing TRABD2A reinforced the resistance of activated CD4+ T cells to the production of HIV-1 progeny. Collectively, these results elucidate the molecular mechanism employed by resting CD4+ T cells to potently restrict the assembly and production of HIV-1 progeny.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Infecções por HIV/genética , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , Infecções por HIV/virologia , HIV-1/fisiologia , Metaloproteases/genética , Replicação Viral , Produtos do Gene gag do Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana/metabolismo , Animais , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Cátions , Linhagem Celular , Ativação Enzimática , Expressão Gênica , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Metaloproteases/antagonistas & inibidores , Metaloproteases/metabolismo , Família Multigênica , Proteólise , Proteína 1 com Domínio SAM e Domínio HD/genética , Proteína 1 com Domínio SAM e Domínio HD/metabolismo , Carga Viral
15.
Nat Immunol ; 20(6): 747-755, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31061531

RESUMO

Despite gathering evidence that ubiquitylation can direct non-degradative outcomes, most investigations of ubiquitylation in T cells have focused on degradation. Here, we integrated proteomic and transcriptomic datasets from primary mouse CD4+ T cells to establish a framework for predicting degradative or non-degradative outcomes of ubiquitylation. Di-glycine remnant profiling was used to reveal ubiquitylated proteins, which in combination with whole-cell proteomic and transcriptomic data allowed prediction of protein degradation. Analysis of ubiquitylated proteins identified by di-glycine remnant profiling indicated that activation of CD4+ T cells led to an increase in non-degradative ubiquitylation. This correlated with an increase in non-proteasome-targeted K29, K33 and K63 polyubiquitin chains. This study revealed over 1,200 proteins that were ubiquitylated in primary mouse CD4+ T cells and highlighted the relevance of non-proteasomally targeted ubiquitin chains in T cell signaling.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Proteoma , Proteômica , Animais , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ativação Linfocitária/genética , Espectrometria de Massas , Camundongos , Poliubiquitina/metabolismo , Proteômica/métodos , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Ubiquitinação
16.
Microb Pathog ; 131: 254-258, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Canine distemper virus (CDV) can cause a highly contagious disease to canid. However, how CDV affects peripheral blood lymphocyte (PBL) remains unclear. METHODS: In this study, CDV infected PBL was cultured to investigate the effect of CDV on the differentiation of lymphocytes and the mRNA expression of inflammatory cytokines in PBL. RESULTS: The results showed that CDV changed the phenotype of lymphocytes and increased the percentage of CD4+CD8+ T cells. To explore the effect of immune response of lymphocytes to CDV, the mRNA expression of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines was examined. Interleukin (IL-6, IL-12B), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α mRNA expression was significantly increased at 12-48 h after CDV infection. IL-10 mRNA expression was dramatically enhanced at 12-36 h after CDV infection. However, IL-4 and transforming growth factor (TGF-ß) were not response to CDV infection. These results indicated that PBL differentiated intoCD4+CD8+ T cells and improved the inflammatory response to CDV infection. CONCLUSIONS: After CDV infection, PBL differentiated into CD4+CD8+ T cells and initiated inflammatory response.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Citocinas/metabolismo , Vírus da Cinomose Canina/patogenicidade , Cinomose/imunologia , Linfócitos/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Animais , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Cinomose/virologia , Cães , Feminino , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Linfócitos/imunologia , Fenótipo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(7)2019 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30986912

RESUMO

PD-L1 tumor expression is a widely used biomarker for patient stratification in PD-L1/PD-1 blockade anticancer therapies, particularly for lung cancer. However, the reliability of this marker is still under debate. Moreover, PD-L1 is widely expressed by many immune cell types, and little is known on the relevance of systemic PD-L1⁺ cells for responses to immune checkpoint blockade. We present two clinical cases of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and PD-L1-negative tumors treated with atezolizumab that showed either objective responses or progression. These patients showed major differences in the distribution of PD-L1 expression within systemic immune cells. Based on these results, an exploratory study was carried out with 32 cases of NSCLC patients undergoing PD-L1/PD-1 blockade therapies, to compare PD-L1 expression profiles and their relationships with clinical outcomes. Significant differences in the percentage of PD-L1⁺ CD11b⁺ myeloid cell populations were found between objective responders and non-responders. Patients with percentages of PD-L1⁺ CD11b⁺ cells above 30% before the start of immunotherapy showed response rates of 50%, and 70% when combined with memory CD4 T cell profiling. These findings indicate that quantification of systemic PD-L1⁺ myeloid cell subsets could provide a simple biomarker for patient stratification, even if biopsies are scored as PD-L1 null.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo
18.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2019: 9483647, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31011288

RESUMO

CD4+ T-cells play crucial roles in the injured heart. However, the way in which different CD4+ T subtypes function in the myocardial infarction/reperfusion (MI/R) heart is still poorly understood. We aimed to detect the dynamic profile of distinct CD4+ subpopulation-associated cytokines/chemokines by relying on a closed-chest acute murine MI/R model. The protein levels of 26 CD4+ T-cell-associated cytokines/chemokines were detected in the heart tissues and serum of mice at day 7 and day 14 post-MI/R or sham surgery. The mRNA levels of IL-4, IL-6, IL-13, IL-27, MIP-1ß, MCP-3, and GRO-α were measured in blood mononuclear cells. The protein levels of IL-4, IL-6, IL-13, IL-27, MIP-1ß, MCP-3, and GRO-α increased in both injured heart tissues and serum, while IFN-γ, IL-12P70, IL-2, IL-1ß, IL-18, TNF-α, IL-5, IL-9, IL-17A, IL-23, IL-10, eotaxin, MIP-1α, RANTES, MCP-1, and MIP-2 increased only in MI/R heart tissues in the day 7 and day 14 groups compared to the sham group. In serum, the IFN-γ, IL-23, and IL-10 levels were downregulated in the MI/R model at both day 7 and day 14 compared to the sham. Compared with the protein expressions in injured heart tissues at day 7, IFN-γ, IL-12P70, IL-2, IL-18, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-4, IL-5, IL-9, IL-17A, IL-23, IL-27, IL-10, eotaxin, IP-10, RANTES, MCP-1, MCP-3, and GRO-α were reduced, while IL-1ß and MIP-2 were elevated at day 14. IL-13 and MIP-1ß showed higher levels in the MI/R serum at day 14 than at day 7. mRNA levels of IL-4, IL-6, IL-13, and IL-27 were increased in the day 7 group compared to the sham, while MIP-1ß, MCP-3, and GRO-α mRNA levels showed no significant difference between the MI/R and sham groups in blood mononuclear cells. Multiple CD4+ T-cell-associated cytokines/chemokines were upregulated in the MI/R hearts at the chronic stage. These results provided important evidence necessary for developing future immunomodulatory therapies after MI/R.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Animais , Quimiocina CCL3/sangue , Quimiocina CCL3/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/sangue , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-13/sangue , Interleucina-13/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/sangue , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/sangue , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/sangue
19.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2019: 1648614, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015794

RESUMO

Chronic inflammation is evident in the adipose tissue and periphery of patients with obesity, as well as mouse models of obesity. T cell subsets in obese adipose tissue are skewed towards Th1- and Th17-associated phenotypes and their secreted cytokines contribute to obesity-associated inflammation. Our lab recently identified a novel, myeloid-derived CD45+DDR2+ cell subset that modulates T cell activity. The current study sought to determine how these myeloid-derived CD45+DDR2+ cells are altered in the adipose tissue and peripheral blood of preobese mice and how this population modulates T cell activity. C57BL/6 mice were fed with a diet high in milkfat (60%·kcal, HFD) ad libitum until a 20% increase in total body weight was reached, and myeloid-derived CD45+DDR2+ cells and CD4+ T cells in visceral adipose tissue (VAT), mammary gland-associated adipose tissue (MGAT), and peripheral blood (PB) were phenotypically analyzed. Also analyzed was whether mediators from MGAT-primed myeloid-derived CD45+DDR2+ cells stimulate normal CD4+ T cell cytokine production. A higher percentage of myeloid-derived CD45+DDR2+ cells expressed the activation markers MHC II and CD80 in both VAT and MGAT of preobese mice. CD4+ T cells were preferentially skewed towards Th1- and Th17-associated phenotypes in the adipose tissue and periphery of preobese mice. In vitro, MGAT from HFD-fed mice triggered myeloid-derived CD45+DDR2+ cells to induce CD4+ T cell IFN-γ and TNF-α production. Taken together, this study shows that myeloid-derived CD45+DDR2+ cells express markers of immune activation and suggests that they play an immune modulatory role in the adipose tissue of preobese mice.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Receptor com Domínio Discoidina 2/metabolismo , Antígenos Comuns de Leucócito/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
20.
Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol ; 33: 2058738419840241, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30957643

RESUMO

Pathogenesis of mycobacterial infection has been extensively studied determining the fundamental role of host immunocompetence in disease progression. Cellular adaptive immunity, in particular CD4+ cells, has shown to be crucial in the host defence. A role of cytotoxic lymphocytes and humoral immunity has also been established. However, few studies have been performed in low endemic countries on immunological correlates of tuberculosis in paediatric patients. The present study aims to fill this gap analysing the distribution and the absolute values of the main lymphocyte subpopulations (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD19+ and CD16+/CD56+) in the different stages of tubercular infection in human immunodeficiency virus-negative children living in low tubercular endemic countries. Results obtained in children with latent tuberculosis, active tuberculosis and healthy controls were compared. Moreover, quantitative analysis of interferon-γ levels of mitogen-induced response was carried out within the different study groups. The aim of this analysis was to enforce the comprehension of immune modifications subsequent to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The major finding of our study was CD3+ and CD4+ absolute and percentage depletion in children with active tuberculosis versus healthy controls. Moreover, severe forms of active tuberculosis showed a marked reduction in the CD4+ percentage in the context of a systemic impairment which affects globally the absolute count of all peripheral lymphocyte subsets tested. A relative increase of natural killer cells was proved in infected patients, whereas no differences in B cells among the study groups were detected. Mitogen-induced interferon-γ levels were significantly higher in children with latent tuberculosis when compared to active tuberculosis and healthy controls, demonstrating effective immune activation in those patients able to control the infection.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD19/sangue , Complexo CD3/sangue , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Antígeno CD56/sangue , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Receptores de IgG/sangue , Tuberculose/sangue , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Tuberculose/diagnóstico
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