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1.
Ann Hematol ; 99(2): 229-239, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907572

RESUMO

The prognostic significance of hypercalcemia in lymphoma has only been studied on small series to date. We conducted a retrospective, monocentric, matched-control study that aimed to compare the outcome of patients diagnosed with any histological subtype of lymphoma associated with hypercalcemia, at diagnosis or relapse, with a group of controls matched for histological and prognostic factors. Sixty-two and 118 comparable patients treated between 2000 and 2016 were included in hypercalcemia and control cohorts, respectively. Hypercalcemia was found mainly at diagnosis (71%) in higher-risk patients (prognosis scores ≥ 3, 76%) and those with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (67.7%), stage III/IV disease (91.9%), and elevated LDH (90.3%). Two-year progression-free survival (PFS) was shorter in the hypercalcemia than control cohort [30.1% (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 18.3-41.9) vs 63.9% (95% CI 5.1-72.7), p < 0.001]. Two-year overall survival (OS) was 40.6% (95% CI 28.1-53.1) and 77.7% (95% CI 70.1-85.3) in the hypercalcemia and control cohorts, respectively (p < 0.001). Hypercalcemia was independently associated with poor PFS [HR = 2.5 (95% CI 1.4-3.5)] and OS [HR = 4.7 (95% CI 2.8-7.8)] in multivariate analysis. Among the 40 patients who received autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), hypercalcemia was still associated with shorter OS [2-year OS: 65% (95% CI 40.1-89.9) vs 88.0 (95% CI 75.3-100), p = 0.04]. Hypercalcemia may be associated with chemo-resistance, given its impact on PFS and OS. Hence, these data suggest that alternate strategies for lymphoma patients with hypercalcemia should be developed.


Assuntos
Hipercalcemia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Idoso , Autoenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Hipercalcemia/sangue , Hipercalcemia/diagnóstico , Hipercalcemia/mortalidade , Hipercalcemia/terapia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/sangue , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
2.
Ann Hematol ; 99(1): 105-112, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776726

RESUMO

Outcome of patients with relapsed/refractory (r/r) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) remains poor, highlighting the need for novel treatment approaches. The multicentre randomised phase II LEGEND trial evaluated lenalidomide in combination with rituximab, methylprednisolone and gemcitabine (R-GEM-L) vs. standard R-GEM-P as second-line treatment of DLBCL. The study closed early to recruitment after the planned interim analysis failed to demonstrate a complete response (CR) rate of ≥ 40% in either arm. Among 34 evaluable patients, 7/18 (38.9%) achieved CR with R-GEM-L and 3/16 (18.8%) with R-GEM-P. Median event-free and overall survival was 3.5/3.8 months and 10.8/8.3 months for R-GEM-L and R-GEM-P, respectively. The incidence of grade ≥ 3 toxicities was 52% in R-GEM-L and 83% in R-GEM-P. Efficacy and tolerability of R-GEM-L seem comparable with R-GEM-P and other standard salvage therapies, but a stringent design led to early trial closure. Combination of lenalidomide with gemcitabine-based regimens should be further evaluated in r/r DLBCL.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metilprednisolona/administração & dosagem , Metilprednisolona/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Taxa de Sobrevida
3.
Ann Hematol ; 99(1): 93-104, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758262

RESUMO

Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare form of extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and a limited number of cases have been reported from China. This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathological features of newly diagnosed PCNSLs from a single center in eastern China and to identify the potential prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). All consecutive patients with histopathologically diagnosed PCNSLs at our center between January 2003 and October 2017 were recruited. Demographic and clinicopathological data were collected and reviewed retrospectively. The potential risk factors for OS and PFS were identified using the log-rank test and Cox regression analysis. A total of 167 immunocompetent cases were enrolled. The median age was 58 years (range 17-96 years), and the male:female ratio was 3:2. Headache (n = 65; 39%) and cerebral hemisphere (n = 96; 57%) were the most common presenting complaint and location, respectively. Out of 167 cases, 150 cases were diffuse large B cell lymphomas. With a median follow-up of 25 months (range 1-152 ), the median OS and PFS were 37 months (95% CI, 25-49) and 17 months (95% CI, 13-20), respectively. Residual tumor after operation, chemotherapy without HD-MTX and palliative treatment was revealed as independent prognostic markers. Moreover, ECOG > 3, multifocal lesions, and palliative treatment were revealed as unfavorable independent prognostic markers for PFS. In conclusion, Chinese patients with PCNSL have distinct characteristics. Further studies are warranted to confirm the prognostic value of these factors and to optimize treatments for these patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/terapia , China , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
4.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6413-6416, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704875

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to present the clinical characteristics, natural history and survival outcomes of primary gastrointestinal non-Hodgkin lymphomas (PGINHL) in the pediatric population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was queried for patients aged 0 to 19 years with PGINHL between 1973 and 2014. RESULTS: A total of 452 cases were identified [mean age 11.0 (±5.1)] years, whites 84.1%, males (76.5%). The majority of tumors were noted in the small bowel (SB) (47.6%), followed by large bowel (LB) (28.5%) and the stomach (10.0%). Overall, the most common histological subtype was Burkitt lymphoma (51.8%), followed by diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) (26.1%). Mean overall survival (OS) of the entire cohort was 33,33 years with a 5-yr, 10-yr and 30-yr survival rate of 86%, 86% and 79%, respectively. Large bowel tumors had the best long-term survival rates whereas; gastric tumors had the worst with 30-yr survival rate 84% and 74%, respectively. Overall, 328 (72.6%) patients received surgery. No significant survival difference was noted between patients who underwent surgery and those who did not. CONCLUSION: This study presents the largest dataset of pediatric PGINHL and describes the clinical features and outcomes of these patients in addition to summarizing the literature.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gastrointestinais , Linfoma não Hodgkin , Adolescente , Linfoma de Burkitt/mortalidade , Linfoma de Burkitt/patologia , Linfoma de Burkitt/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Ceco/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Ceco/patologia , Neoplasias do Ceco/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/patologia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias do Íleo/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Íleo/patologia , Neoplasias do Íleo/cirurgia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/cirurgia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/mortalidade , Linfoma não Hodgkin/patologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/cirurgia , Masculino , Programa de SEER , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
5.
Ann Hematol ; 98(12): 2729-2737, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705183

RESUMO

Despite bendamustine-rituximab (BR) showed disappointing efficacy in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), it is still occasionally used as first-line treatment in older DLBCL patients instead of recommended R-CHOP. This multicentre, retrospective study was aimed to clarify circumstances in which BR may be justified in this setting. Patients ≥ 65 years with ECOG performance status (PS) ≥ 2 or ≥ 75 years regardless of PS were included. A total of 140 patients were analysed (BR, 68; R-CHOP, 72). BR patients were older (p < 0.001) and were diagnosed more often with high-risk disease (p = 0.03); no difference regarding comorbidities or PS was seen. Compared with R-CHOP, BR was associated with marked inferior overall survival (OS) (16.3 vs. 75.4 months; p = 0.006) and progression-free survival (PFS) (11.0 vs. 62.3 months; p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, only high age-adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index (aaCCI) was associated with inferior PFS in R-CHOP patients (hazard ratio 2.67; p = 0.012). Comparing the subgroup of BR and R-CHOP patients with high aaCCI, there was no difference in OS (p = 0.73) or PFS (p = 0.75). Due to the observed non-superiority of R-CHOP in older DLBCL patients with comorbidities, we propose that this subgroup may be treated alternatively with BR, whereas all other older patients are clearly R-CHOP candidates.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem
6.
Ann Hematol ; 98(12): 2739-2748, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712879

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic relevance of early risk stratification in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) using interim Deauville score on positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) scan and baseline International Prognostic Index (IPI). This retrospective study included 220 patients (median age, 64 years; men, 60%) diagnosed with DLBCL between 2007 and 2016 at our institution, treated with rituximab-based chemotherapy. Interim PET-CT was performed after three cycles of immuno-chemotherapy. Interim Deauville score was assessed as 4 or 5 in 49 patients (22.3%), and 94 patients (42.7%) had high-intermediate or high-risk IPI scores. In multivariate analysis, interim Deauville score (1-3 and 4-5) and baseline IPI (low/low-intermediate and high-intermediate/high) were independently associated with progression-free survival (for Deauville score, hazard ratio [HR], 1.00 vs. 2.96 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.83-4.78], P < 0.001; for IPI, HR, 1.00 vs. 4.84 [95% CI, 2.84-8.24], P < 0.001). We stratified patients into three groups: low-risk (interim Deauville scores 1-3 and low/low-intermediate IPI), intermediate-risk (Deauville scores 1-3 with high-intermediate/high IPI or Deauville scores 4-5 with low/low-intermediate IPI), and high-risk (Deauville scores 4-5 and high-intermediate/high IPI). This early risk stratification showed a strong association with progression-free survival (HR, 1.00 vs. 3.98 [95% CI 2.10-7.54] vs. 13.97 [95% CI 7.02-27.83], P < 0.001). Early risk stratification using interim Deauville score and baseline IPI predicts the risk of disease progression or death in patients with DLBCL. Our results provide guidance with interim PET-driven treatment intensification strategies.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
Ann Hematol ; 98(12): 2815-2823, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713653

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) has been considered as a potentially curative treatment option for refractory or relapsed diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. However, there is little information available, especially for Japanese patients and in cord blood transplantation (CBT). We aimed to determine treatment outcomes of allo-SCT for DLBCL in the Kyoto Stem Cell Transplantation Group, a multi-institutional joint research group. Sixty-eight DLBCL patients who underwent their first allo-SCT between 2003 and 2016 were included. The median time from diagnosis to transplantation was 13.5 months. Thirty-one patients were in CR/PR at transplantation. Twenty-seven patients underwent CBT. The median follow-up for survivors was 44.2 months. Four-year overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) rates were 23% (95% CI, 13-35%) and 20% (95% CI, 11-31%), respectively. Cumulative incidences of non-relapse mortality and relapse were 23% and 57%, respectively. Patients in CR/PR at allo-SCT had better OS (4-year, 46% vs 4%, P < 0.001) and RFS (4-year, 36% vs 7%, P = 0.005). The source of the stem cell did not significantly affect OS (4-year, bone marrow vs cord blood vs peripheral blood, 28.6% vs 27.2% vs 6.5%, P = 0.193). In multivariate analysis, non-remission status at SCT associated with inferior OS and RFS. Duration from diagnosis to transplantation of less than 1 year associated with inferior RFS. Allo-SCT, including CBT, may be a promising therapeutic modality for DLBCL patients who have good disease control at transplantation.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17827, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702637

RESUMO

This study was designed to analyze the clinical characteristics and prognostic value of c-MYC and BCL-2 proteins expression in patients with primary central nervous system diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PCNS-DLBCL).82 patients newly diagnosed with PCNS-DLBCL, from January 2008 to November 2018, were enrolled in this study. Clinical characteristics, immunohistochemical features, laboratory examinations, and treatment outcome were analyzed among these patients.Among these 82 cases, 45 were males (54.9%) and 37 were females (45.1%). Age ranged from 16 to 78 years old, and 29 patients (35.4%) were elder than 60 years old, with median age at 57 years old. According to Hans classification, 25 were accounted for origin of germinal center B-cell (GCB) subtype (30.5%) and 49 were accounted for non-GCB subtype (59.8%), respectively. Eight patients were unclassified due to lack of detailed pathological results. The median survival of these 82 patients was 30 months, and 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 59.7%, 44.6%, and 34.1%, respectively. Patients treated with sequential HD-MTX based chemotherapies showed a superior prognosis than those without. In combination with rituximab, the outcome was further improved. The median OS was 55 months in HD-MTX + R group, 27 months in HD-MTX group, and 9 months in other groups, respectively. Univariate analysis identified age ≥60, ECOG score ≥ 2 points, and overexpression of BCL-2 protein (≥85%) were adverse prognostic factors for OS. Co-expression of c-MYC (≥40%) and BCL-2 (≥50%) proteins was associated with poor ECOG score, high Ki-67 expression, and trended towards an inferior outcome. Gender, lesion location, number of lesions, lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), cell of origin, BCL-6 protein expression, expression of c-MYC protein alone and Ki-67 ≥85% had no significant impact on OS.In patients with PCNS-DLBCL, age ≥60 years old, ECOG score ≥2 points, and overexpression of BCL-2 protein (≥85%) were associated with a poor survival. HD-MTX based chemotherapies in combination with rituximab could improve the prognosis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/metabolismo , Tratamento Farmacológico , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
9.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 57(10): 774-779, 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594064

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical data of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in children and to evaluate the efficacy of Beijing Children's Hospital B cell lymphoma protocol in the treatment of pediatric DLBCL. Methods: The data (clinical, pathology, lab and image data) of 46 pediatric DLBCL admitted to the treatment group of Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2005 to June 2017 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. According to the risk factors of staging, existence of poor prognosis genes and giant tumors, stratified treatment was carried out according to the international standard modified LMB89 regimen with high dose and short course. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the event free survival (EFS) and the overall survival (OS). Results: (1) Among the 46 cases, there were 33 males and 13 females. The median age was 8.0 years. The time from the initial symptom onset to the diagnosis was more than 15 days in 45 children. Fourteen cases had B group symptoms (fever, night sweat, and weight lost), 25 cases had extranodal disease, 39 cases were stage Ⅲ and Ⅳ, 12 cases had bone marrow involvement, 3 cases had jawbone involvement. Thirty cases were group B and 16 cases were group C in the treatment group. (2) Initial symptoms: 6 cases had cervical mass, 20 cases had abdominal mass, 10 had abdominal pain with acute abdomen, 8 cases had fever, 2 cases had snore or upper respiratory tract obstruction. (3) Pathology result: 40 cases were germinal center B cell DLBCL, 6 cases were non germinal center B cell DLBCL, no case had the MYC gene rupture, double hit lymphoma and triple hit lymphoma. (4) Complication and evaluation: the tumor lysis syndrome was seen in 3 cases initially, severe infection and delayed treatment was seen in 1 case, no treatment related death. The first evaluation showed all cases were sensitive to chemotherapy (shrink>25%), the second evaluation showed 1 case had residual disease, the others were complete remission. (5) Treatment and outcome: the 5 year-EFS was the same with 5 year-OS, both were (97.8±2.2) %. Two cases relapsed after treatment off, early relapse was seen in 1 case, and died because of abandoning treatment. Late relapse was seen in 1 case and got a complete remission after Rituximab+group C protocol treatment. Conclusions: Pediatric DLBCL was common in school aged boys, most cases were at middle and late stage at the time of diagnosis. DLBCL had a good prognosis after the treatment with Beijing Children's Hospital's B cell lymphoma protocol, but late relapse could be seen.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 842, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is thought to have an oncogenic effect on the development of gastric malignancies. However, the effect of H. pylori status on the prognosis of gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) remains unconfirmed. This study aimed to identify the prognostic importance of H. pylori infection in de novo gastric DLBCL. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-nine patients diagnosed with primary de novo gastric DLBCL at the West China Hospital of Sichuan University from 1st January 2009 to 31st May 2016 were included. The clinical features of the patients were documented. H. pylori status was assessed via urease breath tests and histologic examinations. The prognostic value of H. pylori was verified via univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 52.2 months (range 4-116), the 5-year overall survival (OS) for all patients was 78.7%. Patients with H. pylori infections had significantly better 5-year PFS and OS than did the H. pylori-negative subgroup (5-year PFS, 89.3% vs. 74.1%, P = 0.040; 5-year OS, 89.7% vs. 71.8%, P = 0.033). Negative H. pylori status and poor ECOG performance were independent negative prognostic indicators for both PFS and OS (PFS, P = 0.045 and P = 0.001, respectively; OS, P = 0.021 and P < 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: H. pylori status in de novo gastric DLBCL can be a promising predictor of disease outcome, and patients with negative H. pylori status require careful follow-up since they tend to have a worse outlook.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter/epidemiologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/etiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/complicações , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Clin Neurosci ; 69: 43-50, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427235

RESUMO

We aimed to estimate the frequency of intratumoral susceptibility signals (ITSS) in susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) in consecutive patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL), and to determine if pretreatment heterogeneity of PCNSL is predictive of response to chemotherapy by using ITSS on SWI. We retrospectively examined 29 immunocompetent patients with PCNSL who underwent SWI-MRI before treatment. A univariate analysis was conducted with Fisher's exact test. Progression free survival (PFS) was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log rank test. The patients, including 16 males, were initially treated at a median age of 69 years. All tissue types were diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Nineteen patients (66%) presented lesions with ITSS. Sixteen patients (55%) received initial treatment with R-MTX (rituximab plus high-dose methotrexate). Seven out of nine patients with ITSS exhibited a poor response, whereas all seven without ITSS exhibited a good response to R-MTX. Regarding the absence of ITSS, the sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy for a good response to R-MTX were 0.78, 1.00, and 0.88, respectively. Patients without ITSS showed significantly longer PFS compared to patients with ITSS (median PFS: 28.9 vs 2.1 months, P < 0.01). In conclusion, ITSS in PCNSL patients were more common than previously reported. We have to be careful to use ITSS for differentiating PCNSL and glioblastoma. Presence of ITSS correlated significantly with therapeutic response to R-MTX. ITSS may be a new marker for the response to chemotherapy in patients with PCNSL. A prospective multi-institutional analysis is needed.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuroimagem/métodos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Hematol Oncol ; 37(4): 375-382, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408531

RESUMO

In large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL), MYC translocation and MYC/BCL2 or MYC/BCL6 double hit (DH) are associated with poor prognosis, and there is an unmet need for novel treatment targets in this patient group. Treatments targeting the PD-L1/PD-1 pathway are still poorly elucidated in LBCL. PD-L1 expression might predict response to treatment targeting the PD-L1/PD-1 pathway. We therefore investigated the relationship between PD-L1 protein and mRNA expression levels and MYC and DH translocation in LBCL. We detected MYC, BCL2, and BCL6 translocation by fluorescent in situ hybridization in tissue samples from 130 patients randomly selected from two cohorts of patients with LBCL: 49 patients with MYC translocation of whom 36 had DH and 81 without MYC translocation. PD-L1 protein expression was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in tissue samples from 77 patients and PD-L1 mRNA expression by next-generation RNA sequencing (NGS) in another 77 patients. Twenty-four patients overlapped, ie, were analysed with both IHC and NGS. Nonparametric tests were performed to evaluate intergroup differences. PD-L1 protein expression level was significantly lower in patients with MYC (n = 42, median = 3.3%, interquartile range [IQR] 0.0-10.8) or DH translocations (n = 31, median = 3.3%, IQR 0.0-10.0) compared with patients with no MYC (n = 35, median = 16.7%, IQR 3.3-30.0) or no DH translocations (n = 46, 13.3%, IQR 2.5-30.0), P = .004 and P ≤ .001, respectively. PD-L1 mRNA expression was also significantly lower in patients with MYC or DH translocations, P = .001 and P = .006, respectively. Higher PD-L1 protein and mRNA expression levels were associated with non-germinal centre (GC) type compared with germinal centre B-cell (GCB)-type diffuse LBCL (DLBCL), P = .004 and P = .002, respectively. In conclusion, we report an association between low PD-L1 expression and MYC and DH translocation in patients with LBCL. Our findings may indicate that patients with MYC or DH translocation may benefit less from treatment with PD-L1/PD-1-inhibitors compared with patients without these translocations. This should be evaluated in larger, prospective, consecutive trials.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/biossíntese , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genes myc , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Neoplásico/biossíntese , Translocação Genética , Adulto , Idoso , Subpopulações de Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Subpopulações de Linfócitos B/patologia , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genes bcl-2 , Centro Germinativo/patologia , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Neoplásico/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(15): 1807-1814, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) have a worse prognosis than younger patients, and the optimal treatment strategy for this group remains controversial. We conducted a retrospective analysis to investigate the clinical features and outcomes of elderly patients (>60 years) and to assess the impact of clinical and molecular factors on outcome in this age group. METHODS: From April 2006 to December 2012, a total of 349 elderly patients with DLBCL from the National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and Peking Union Medical College were included in this analysis. Patients were further divided into two age groups (61-69 years and ≥70 years). We compared clinical characteristics and outcomes between groups. RESULTS: Of 349 total patients, 204 (58.5%) were aged 61 to 69 years, and 145 (41.5%) patients were aged 70 years or older. Except for the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, clinical characteristics were comparable between the two groups. With a median follow-up of 82 (range, 1-129) months, the 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 51.9% and 45.8%, respectively. The 5-year OS rates for patients aged 61 to 69 years and those over 70 years were 58.3% and 42.8% (P = 0.007), respectively, and the 5-year PFS rates were 51.0% and 38.6% (P = 0.034). Treatment regimens including rituximab provided a higher 5-year OS rate (63.1% vs. 37.1%, P < 0.001) and PFS rate (56.6% vs. 31.8%, P < 0.001) than chemotherapy alone. For patients aged 61 to 69 years, chemotherapy plus rituximab resulted in a higher 5-year OS rate (66.7% vs. 46.4%, P = 0.002) and PFS rate (60.0% vs. 38.1%, P = 0.002) than chemotherapy alone. For patients aged ≥70 years, there was a marked survival advantage in patients who received chemotherapy plus rituximab (5-year OS rate: 57.7% vs. 25.4%, P < 0.001; 5-year PFS rate: 51.3% vs. 23.9%, P < 0.001) compared with that seen in those who received chemotherapy alone. Multivariate analysis established that stage III/IV disease, elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), initial treatment, and chemotherapy with rituximab were independent risk factors for 5-year OS, and stage III/IV disease, elevated LDH, and chemotherapy with rituximab were independent risk factors for 5-year PFS for elderly patients with DLBCL. CONCLUSIONS: In comparison to patients aged 61 to 69 years, those aged ≥70 years have poorer survival. Prolonged survival is obtainable with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP)-like in elderly Chinese patients in all age groups, indicating that the R-CHOP-like regimen should be considered for this population, even for those aged 70 years or older.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
15.
Intern Med ; 58(13): 1885-1889, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257276

RESUMO

Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) frequently involves the hepatobiliary system, but its clinical course and pathophysiology are still not fully known. We herein describe a case of IVLBCL mimicking acute hepatobiliary infection. An 85-year-old woman was admitted because of fever and epigastric pain, and she was diagnosed to have acute acalculous cholecystitis based on gallbladder wall thickening with fluid collection. The gallbladder swelling regressed within several days, and areas of intrahepatic hypoperfusion appeared. Inflammation continued despite treatment with antibiotics, and she died within 21 days. An autopsy examination revealed IVLBCL. IVLBCL can present as acute cholecystitis with an improvement in the imaging findings and the presence of a subsequent liver mass.


Assuntos
Nefropatias/terapia , Hepatopatias/terapia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Nefropatias/diagnóstico , Nefropatias/fisiopatologia , Hepatopatias/diagnóstico , Hepatopatias/microbiologia , Hepatopatias/fisiopatologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/fisiopatologia
16.
Hematol Oncol ; 37(4): 360-367, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359442

RESUMO

De novo CD5-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (CD5+ DLBCL) is increasingly recognized as a distinct pathologic phenomenon with a specific clinical picture. However, CD5+ DLBCL has not been studied on a large scale in China. In this study, we show that CD5+ DLBCL occurs at a low frequency (9.2%). Comparison of clinical characteristics of CD5+ vs CD5- DLBCL showed that CD5+ DLBCL was more frequently elderly (>60 years) and had B symptoms, high-performance status, stage III-IV, an IPI score >2 and bone marrow involvement. Patients with CD5+ DLBCL had tumours with a higher prevalence of BCL-2 and p53 overexpression than CD5- DLBCL. Patients with CD5+ DLBCL had inferior progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) than did patients with CD5- DLBCL. For CD5+ DLBCL, the patients who were treated with rituximab showed significantly better PFS and OS than those treated without rituximab. However, patients treated with RCHOP showed similar PFS and OS when compared with the group treated with intensive therapy. In addition, patients with p53 and CD5 co-expression had the worst PFS and OS. In conclusion, CD5+ DLBCL was associated with unfavorable clinicopathologic variables and with inferior survival. CD5+ DLBCL has a high frequency of p53 overexpression, and CD5 augments the negative effect of p53 overexpression in DLBCL.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD5/análise , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/fisiologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/fisiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/análise , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/biossíntese , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Regulação para Cima , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
17.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 553, 2019 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver function is routinely assessed in clinical practice as liver function tests provide sensitive indicators of hepatocellular injury. However, the prognostic value of enzymes that indicate hepatic injury has never been systematically investigated in lymphoma, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS: This study examined the prognostic value of baseline aspartic transaminase (AST) in DLBCL patients. The association between AST and clinical features was analyzed in 179 DLBCL patients treated from 2006 to 2016. All enrolled patients were treated with R-CHOP or R-CHOP-like chemotherapy. Log-rank test, univariable analysis, and subgroup analysis were performed to evaluate the impact of AST on survival. RESULTS: AST 33.3 U/L was considered to be the optimal threshold value for predicting prognosis. A higher AST level was associated with advanced stage (P = 0.001), poorer performance status (P = 0.014), elevated lactate dehydrogenase level (P <  0.0001), presence of B symptoms (P = 0.001), high-risk International Prognostic Index (IPI, IPI 3-5) (P = 0.002), non-germinal center B-cell subtypes (P = 0.038), hepatitis B virus surface antigen positivity (P = 0.045) and more extra nodal involvement (ENI, ENI ≥ 2) (P = 0.027). Patients with a higher AST level had a shorter overall survival (OS) (2-year OS rate, 53.6% vs. 83.6%, P <  0.001). Subgroup analysis indicated that higher AST levels have poorer prognostic values in patients without B symptoms and LDH positive groups. CONCLUSION: A pretreatment AST level is associated with OS in DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP or similar chemotherapy regimens. A high pretreatment AST level might be a reliable prognostic factor for predicting a dismal outcome in DLBCL patients. Serum AST levels may be investigated for use as an easily determinable, inexpensive biomarker for risk assessment in patients with DLBCL.


Assuntos
Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/sangue , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , Terapia Combinada , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(3): 431-437, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary colonic lymphoma (PCL) is rare, heterogeneous, and presents a therapeutic challenge for surgeons. Optimal treatment strategies are difficult to standardize, leading to variation in therapy. Our objective was to describe the patient characteristics, short-term outcomes, and five-year survival of patients undergoing nonpalliative surgery for PCL. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort analysis in the National Cancer Database. Included patients underwent surgery for PCL between 2004 to 2014. Patients with metastases and palliative operations were excluded. Univariate predictors of overall survival were analyzed using multivariable Cox proportional hazard analysis. RESULTS: We identified 2153 patients. Median patient age was 68. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma accounted for 57% of tumors. 30- and 90-Day mortality were high (5.6% and 11.1%, respectively). Thirty-nine percent of patients received adjuvant chemotherapy. For patients surviving 90 days, 5-year survival was 71.8%. Chemotherapy improved survival (surgery+chemo, 75.4% vs surgery, 68.6%; P = .01). Adjuvant chemotherapy was associated with overall survival after controlling for age, comorbidity, and lymphoma subtype (HR 1.27; 95% CI, 1.07-1.51; P = .01). CONCLUSIONS: Patients undergoing surgery for PCL have high rates of margin positivity and high short-term mortality. Chemotherapy improves survival, but <50% receive it. These data suggest the opportunity for improvement of care in patients with PCL.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Linfoma/mortalidade , Linfoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Big Data , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/cirurgia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/mortalidade , Linfoma não Hodgkin/patologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(24): e15662, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192909

RESUMO

Primary adrenal lymphoma (PAL) is a rare entity of lymphoma with dismal prognosis using systemic chemotherapy. More clinical reports are needed to guide the treatment for PAL.We performed a retrospective analysis of 20 patients diagnosed with PAL who presented to our center between January 2005 and January 2014.Median age at presentation was 48 years (range: 27-73) with a male-to-female ratio of 7:3. Bilateral and right-sided adrenal involvement were seen in 11 of 20 and 7 of 20 patients, respectively. Adrenal insufficiency (AI) was seen in 6 of 10 evaluated patients. Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) was the most common immunophenotype (85.0%). Two patients died due to rapid disease progression before treatment. Two patients received autologous stem cell transplantation as consolidation therapy. All patients received prophylactic intrathecal chemotherapy. The estimated 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 52.5% [95% confidence interval (95% CI: 28.2-72.0)] and 53.2% (95% CI: 29.0-72.5), respectively.These findings suggest that PAL should always be considered in differential diagnosis of adrenal mass with AI. Despite the contrasting previous reports, long-term prognosis of PAL is not necessarily inferior to that of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in general.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Citarabina/uso terapêutico , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Progressão da Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Tratamento Farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Espinhais , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Diagn Pathol ; 14(1): 56, 2019 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189479

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Standard treatment with a thiotepa-based regimen in countries with a limited resource is less feasible. Aims of the study were to evaluate the treatment outcome, and identify the prognostic factors in patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 43 patients diagnosed with PCNSL, DLBCL subtype, who were treated with either HDMTX-based regimen, whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT), or both between 2010 and 2017. RESULTS: There were 43 patients with a median age of 65 years (range 34-89 years). Protein expression of CD10, Bcl6, MUM1, Bcl2 and MYC were found in 19, 86, 91, 91 and 23%, respectively. Both germinal center B cell (GCB) and double-expressor (MYC+/Bcl2+) lymphomas were found in 21%. Multiple brain lesions and maximum tumor diameter (MTD) ≥5 cm were seen in 27 and 10 patients, respectively. Chemotherapy combined with WBRT, chemotherapy and WBRT were given to 20, 14 and 9 patients, respectively. Overall complete remission (CR) rate was 55.8%. Those receiving a combined-modality therapy had a higher CR rate than those treated with either chemotherapy (75% versus 36%, p = 0.036) or WBRT (75% versus 44%, p = 0.109). Median follow-up time was 17 months, and a 7-year overall survival (OS) was 40%. Features associated with a prolonged OS were an ECOG score ≤ 2 (p = 0.001), multiple brain lesions (p = 0.010), multiple area of brain involvement (p = 0.023), MTD < 5 cm (p = 0.004), GCB subtype (p = 0.003) and positive CD10 staining (p = 0.007). Expression of Bcl2 protein was associated with a significantly worse OS in the non-GCB DLBCL patients. DISCUSSION: The factors affecting treatment outcomes in PCNSL were cell of origin of DLBCL, lesion characteristics, patients' status and treatment regimen.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/terapia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/mortalidade , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Centro Germinativo/metabolismo , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
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