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1.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1551-1557, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067953

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics of relapsed or refractory (R/R) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and the factors affecting overall survival (OS) time. METHODS: The clinical data of 14 R/R DLBCL patients admitted to the Hainan Hospital of Chinese PLA General Hospital from April 2012 to March 2019 were analyzed retrospectively and the overall response rate (ORR) after the end of different treatments was estimated. Kaplan-Meier method was used to describe the survival curve, and Log-rank test was used to compare whether different survival curves showed statistically different. RESULTS: There were 8 males and 6 females with a median age of 51 (26-75) years old and the median course of treatment before R/R was 7 (4-13). Finally, 11 patients achieved remission, 6 patients of which showed complete remission, and 5 patients showed partial remission, with the median ORR duration at 2.5 (0-51) months. All patients in the group of ibrutinib combined with second-line chemotherapy achieved remission (4/4), it was equivalent to the high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HDC-AHSCT) group (4/4), which was significantly higher than that of the other second-line group (3/6). The median OS time of patients was 17 (6-76) months. The survival of patients receiving ibrutinib combined with second-line chemotherapy and HDC-AHSCT was significantly better than that of patients not receiving ibrutinib combined with second-line chemotherapy and HDC-AHSCT. Normal lactate dehydrogenase, IPI score<3 at diagnosis, and CR/PR after treatment could improve the survival time of patients. CONCLUSION: The duration of remission for R/R DLBCL patients is short and the prognosis is very poor. The survival time of patients with high level of lactate dehydrogenase, IPI score≥3 at diagnosis and SD/PD after treatment is significantly shortened. Ibrutinib combined second-line chemotherapy and HDC-AHSCT can improve the efficacy and survival of R/R DLBCL patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Autólogo
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21736, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872060

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Pilot studies have reported that patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) appear more likely to develop into neoplasia, especially lymphatic hyperplasia diseases. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of the concomitant onset of SLE and primary breast diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PB-DLBCL). PATIENT CONCERNS: We reported an unusual case of the occurrence of primary breast diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in a 25-year-old female patient who had been diagnosed with SLE and treated with immunosuppressive drugs for about 4 years. She presented a 7-week history of a painless mass above the left breast and no history suggestive of any nipple discharge, fever, and weight loss. DIAGNOSIS: Ultrasonography of the breast showed that there was 1 mass in the left breast. After breast mass surgical resection, histopathological examinations were performed and revealed that it was primary breast diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. INTERVENTIONS: Treatment strategy with vincristine and dexamethasone was used to improve symptoms. However, the patient's renal function deteriorated and the blood potassium rose continuously and she and their family members refused the follow-up treatments. OUTCOMES: The patient died 8 months after she was discharged from the hospital. LESSONS: PB-DLBCL is a rare occurrence in SLE patients. Therefore, a careful examination is very important in SLE cohort, as activity of the disease and malignancy may mimic each other. Meanwhile, when symptoms cannot be explained or insensitive to treatment, the occurrence of malignant tumors must be highly considered.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Mama/patologia , Falência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/complicações , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Radiografia , Ultrassonografia
4.
Lancet ; 396(10254): 839-852, 2020 09 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lisocabtagene maraleucel (liso-cel) is an autologous, CD19-directed, chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell product. We aimed to assess the activity and safety of liso-cel in patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphomas. METHODS: We did a seamless design study at 14 cancer centres in the USA. We enrolled adult patients (aged ≥18 years) with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphomas. Eligible histological subgroups included diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, high-grade B-cell lymphoma with rearrangements of MYC and either BCL2, BCL6, or both (double-hit or triple-hit lymphoma), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma transformed from any indolent lymphoma, primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma, and follicular lymphoma grade 3B. Patients were assigned to one of three target dose levels of liso-cel as they were sequentially tested in the trial (50 × 106 CAR+ T cells [one or two doses], 100 × 106 CAR+ T cells, and 150 × 106 CAR+ T cells), which were administered as a sequential infusion of two components (CD8+ and CD4+ CAR+ T cells) at equal target doses. Primary endpoints were adverse events, dose-limiting toxicities, and the objective response rate (assessed per Lugano criteria); endpoints were assessed by an independent review committee in the efficacy-evaluable set (comprising all patients who had confirmed PET-positive disease and received at least one dose of liso-cel). This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02631044. FINDINGS: Between Jan 11, 2016, and July 5, 2019, 344 patients underwent leukapheresis for manufacture of CAR+ T cells (liso-cel), of whom 269 patients received at least one dose of liso-cel. Patients had received a median of three (range 1-8) previous lines of systemic treatment, with 260 (97%) patients having had at least two lines. 112 (42%) patients were aged 65 years or older, 181 (67%) had chemotherapy-refractory disease, and seven (3%) had secondary CNS involvement. Median follow-up for overall survival for all 344 patients who had leukapheresis was 18·8 months (95% CI 15·0-19·3). Overall safety and activity of liso-cel did not differ by dose level. The recommended target dose was 100 × 106 CAR+ T cells (50 × 106 CD8+ and 50 × 106 CD4+ CAR+ T cells). Of 256 patients included in the efficacy-evaluable set, an objective response was achieved by 186 (73%, 95% CI 66·8-78·0) patients and a complete response by 136 (53%, 46·8-59·4). The most common grade 3 or worse adverse events were neutropenia in 161 (60%) patients, anaemia in 101 (37%), and thrombocytopenia in 72 (27%). Cytokine release syndrome and neurological events occurred in 113 (42%) and 80 (30%) patients, respectively; grade 3 or worse cytokine release syndrome and neurological events occurred in six (2%) and 27 (10%) patients, respectively. Nine (6%) patients had a dose-limiting toxicity, including one patient who died from diffuse alveolar damage following a dose of 50 × 106 CAR+ T cells. INTERPRETATION: Use of liso-cel resulted in a high objective response rate, with a low incidence of grade 3 or worse cytokine release syndrome and neurological events in patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphomas, including those with diverse histological subtypes and high-risk features. Liso-cel is under further evaluation at first relapse in large B-cell lymphomas and as a treatment for other relapsed or refractory B-cell malignancies. FUNDING: Juno Therapeutics, a Bristol-Myers Squibb Company.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD19/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anemia/epidemiologia , Antígenos CD19/administração & dosagem , Antígenos CD19/efeitos adversos , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/transplante , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/transplante , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/efeitos adversos , Infusões Intravenosas , Leucaférese/métodos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/classificação , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/imunologia , Masculino , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/epidemiologia , Neutropenia/epidemiologia , Recidiva , Segurança , Análise de Sobrevida , Trombocitopenia/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237509, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810157

RESUMO

Limited data are available regarding treatment patterns, healthcare resource utilization (HCRU), treatment costs and clinical outcomes for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in Japan. This retrospective database study analyzed the Medical Data Vision database for DLBCL patients who received treatment during the identification period from October 1 2008 to December 31 2017. Among 6,965 eligible DLBCL patients, 5,541 patients (79.6%) received first-line (1L) rituximab (R)-based therapy, and then were gradually switched to chemotherapy without R in subsequent lines of therapy. In each treatment regimen, 1L treatment cost was the highest among all lines of therapy. The major cost drivers i.e. total direct medical costs until death or censoring across all regimens and lines of therapy were from the 1L regimen and inpatient costs. During the follow-up period, DLBCL patients who received a 1L R-CHOP regimen achieved the highest survival rate and longest time-to-next-treatment, with a relatively low mean treatment cost due to lower inpatient healthcare resource utilization and fewer lines of therapy compared to other 1L regimens. Our retrospective analysis of clinical practices in Japanese DLBCL patients demonstrated that 1L treatment and inpatient costs were major cost contributors and that the use of 1L R-CHOP was associated with better clinical outcomes at a relatively low mean treatment cost.


Assuntos
Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Padrões de Prática Médica , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/economia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Custo-Benefício , Ciclofosfamida/economia , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Doxorrubicina/economia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/economia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Formulário de Reclamação de Seguro/estatística & dados numéricos , Japão/epidemiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/economia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/economia , Terapia Neoadjuvante/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/economia , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Prednisona/economia , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/economia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Análise de Sobrevida , Vincristina/economia , Vincristina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
6.
Tokai J Exp Clin Med ; 45(2): 58-62, 2020 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32602102

RESUMO

Here, we report the case of cutaneous metastases from testicular diffuse large B-cell malignant lymphoma (DLBCL) concurrent with Bowen disease evaluated with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (18F-FDG PET-CT). A 60-year-old male underwent orchiectomy to remove his left testicle because of DLBCL. Multiple skin lesions appeared 1 month postoperatively. Furthermore, an intractable erythematous plaque localized to the right lower leg was present from 2 years before the operation. 18F-FDG PET-CT images revealed multiple skin lesions with marked FDG uptakes in the face, neck, and thigh of this patient, as well as a lower leg lesion with minimal FDG uptake. Biopsy of both lesions revealed cutaneous metastases from DLBCL and Bowen disease (BD) of the lower leg lesion. 18F-FDG PET-CT images following chemotherapy and resection of BD demonstrated no FDG uptake.


Assuntos
Doença de Bowen , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/secundário , Neoplasias Testiculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Testiculares/terapia , Doença de Bowen/cirurgia , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
7.
Leukemia ; 34(10): 2576-2591, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32651542

RESUMO

To investigate progression-free survival (PFS) and event-free survival (EFS) as early efficacy endpoints in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), this systematic review included phase III randomized controlled trials (RCTs), phase II trials, and retrospective studies in newly diagnosed DLBCL receiving rituximab-containing chemotherapy through databases search up to 2019. Quality control was performed, where studies with high risk of bias were excluded. Prediction models were first established using the RCTs, and then externally validated in the phase II and retrospective populations. Trial-level surrogacy analysis was conducted by correlating the logarithmic (log) hazard ratio (HR) for PFS or EFS and log HR for OS. Correlation analysis at treatment arm-level was performed between 1-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year PFS or EFS rates and 5-year OS. The correlation was evaluated using the Pearson correlation coefficient r in weighted linear regression, with weight equal to patient size. Sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the consistency of predictive model by leaving one subgroup of trials out at a time. Twenty-six phase III RCTs, 4 phase II trials and 47 retrospective studies were included. In trial-level surrogacy, PFS (r, 0.772; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.471-0.913) or EFS (r, 0.838; 95% CI, 0.625-0.938) were associated with OS. For rituximab immunochemotherapy treatment arms in RCTs, there was a linear correlation between 1 and 5-year PFS (r, 0.813-0.873) or EFS (r, 0.853-0.931) and 5-year OS. Sensitivity analysis demonstrated reasonable overall consistency. The correlation between PFS and OS was externally validated using independent phase II, and retrospective data (r, 0.795-0.897). We recommend PFS and EFS as earlier efficacy endpoints in patients with DLBCL primarily treated with rituximab-containing immunochemotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia/métodos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida
8.
Ann Hematol ; 99(7): 1583-1594, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32506244

RESUMO

Relapsing diffuse large B cell lymphomas (rDLBCL) represent a heterogeneous disease. This heterogeneity should be recognized and reflected, because it can deform the interpretation of clinical trial results. DLBCL patients with the first relapse and without CNS involvement were identified in the Czech Lymphoma Study Group (CLSG) database. Interval-to-therapy (ITT) was defined as the time between the first manifestation of rDLBCL and the start of any treatment. The overall survival (OS) of different ITT cohorts (< 7 vs. 7-21 vs. > 21 days) was compared. In total, 587 rDLBCLs (51.8% males) progressed with a median of 12.8 months (range 1.6 to 152.3) since the initial diagnosis (2000-2017). At the time of relapse, the median age was 67 years (range 22-95). First-line therapy was administered in 99.3% of the patients; CHOP and anti-CD20 were given to 69.2% and 84.7% of the patients, respectively. The salvage immune/chemotherapy was administered in 88.1% of the patients (39.2% platinum-based regimen). The median ITT was 20 days (range 1-851), but 23.2% of patients initiated therapy within 7 days. The 5-year OS was 17.4% (range 10-24.5%) vs. 20.5% (range 13.5-27.4%) vs. 42.2% (range 35.5-48.8%) for ITT < 7 vs. 7-21 vs. > 21 days (p < 0.001). ITT was associated with B symptoms (p 0.004), ECOG (p < 0.001), stage (p 0.002), bulky disease (p 0.005), elevated LDH (p < 0.001), and IPI (p < 0.001). The ITT mirrors the real clinical behavior of rDLBCL. There are patients (ITT < 7 days) with aggressive disease and a poor outcome. Conversely, there are rDLBCLs with ITT ≥ 21 days who survive for a long time.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , República Tcheca/epidemiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Progressão da Doença , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/epidemiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/estatística & dados numéricos , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
9.
Ann Hematol ; 99(9): 2149-2157, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32390113

RESUMO

Although MYC and BCL2 co-expression in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is associated with inferior prognosis, it remains uncertain whether upfront autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is beneficial in this lymphoma. This study aimed to investigate whether ASCT consolidation could have a positive role for patients with MYC and BCL2 co-expression (double-expressor lymphoma, DEL). We retrospectively evaluated 67 DLBCL patients who underwent upfront ASCT following rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone chemotherapy. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 82.3% and 79.2%, respectively. There were 23 (34.3%) patients with DEL and 51 (76.1%) patients with non-germinal center B cell (GCB) subtype. The 5-year OS and PFS of patients with DEL were not different from those with non-DEL (P = 0.429 and P = 0.614, respectively). No survival difference for OS and PFS was also observed between GCB and non-GCB subtypes (P = 0.950 and P = 0.901, respectively). The OS and PFS were comparable for patients with DEL and non-DEL and both GCB and non-GCB subtypes. In conclusion, MYC and BCL2 co-expression did not have a poor prognostic impact among high-risk patients with DLBCL treated with upfront ASCT regardless of molecular classification. This preliminary study suggested that the role of consolidative ASCT is needed to be evaluated in a prospective randomized clinical trial.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/biossíntese , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/biossíntese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Transplante Autólogo/métodos , Vincristina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
11.
Hematol Oncol ; 38(4): 456-466, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469419

RESUMO

One-carbon metabolism (OCM) plays a pivotal role in both the stability and integrity of DNA and is mainly regulated by B-vitamins. This study aims to investigate the clinical relevance of B-vitamins and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on OCM-related genes in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). A total of 322 newly diagnosed DLBCL patients who received rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone-based immunochemotherapy were recruited into this study. The serum levels of B-vitamins (folate, vitamin B2 [riboflavin], vitamin B6 [pyridoxal 5'-phosphate], and vitamin B12 [cobalamin]), as well as SNPs on methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase, methionine synthase (MTR), MTR reductase (MTRR) and cystathionine gamma-lyase (CTH) genes, were assessed at diagnosis. The prognostic values were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards regression methods. Overall, the low serum concentration of folate and vitamin B2, as well as the presence of CTH1364 TT genotype, were significantly associated with poor treatment response in DLBCL. Multivariate analysis indicated that compared with patients in the medium and high serum folate tertiles, low serum folate tertile patients had both significantly inferior progression-free survival (P = .033, Tertile 2 vs Tertile 1, and P = .031, Tertile 3 vs Tertile 1) and overall survival time (P < .001, Tertile 2 vs Tertile 1, and P = .001, Tertile 3 vs Tertile 1). Compared with patients in the medium and high serum vitamin B2 tertiles, low serum vitamin B2 tertile patients had both significantly inferior progression-free survival (P = .006, Tertile 2 vs Tertile 1, and P = .001, Tertile 3 vs Tertile 1) and overall survival time (P = .030, Tertile 2 vs Tertile 1, and P = .255, Tertile 3 vs Tertile 1). In conclusion, alterations in B-vitamin metabolism significantly affected disease progression and had a prognostic impact on DLBCL.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carbono/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Complexo Vitamínico B/sangue , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/sangue , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
12.
Clin Nucl Med ; 45(7): 542-544, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32433173

RESUMO

Residual end of treatment (EOT) FDG-avid lesions are often due to infectious or inflammatory process and not due to refractory lymphoma. Nonetheless, such lesions prompt diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. We evaluate clinical and radiological characteristics of patients with EOT FDG-avid splenic lesions. Comparing metabolic volume (MV) ratio between EOT to interim, showed a marked difference between false positive and true positive lesions (0.5 vs 3.6, P = 0.02). EOT SUVmax was also significantly different between the groups (7 vs. 19, P = 0.02). We suggest EOT/interim-MV ratio as a tool to identify patients at low risk of refractory disease allowing non-invasive surveillance.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Baço/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Transporte Biológico , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Baço/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
Ann Hematol ; 99(6): 1311-1319, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32285160

RESUMO

To assess the survival outcomes and adverse events (AEs) of high-intermediate- or high-risk patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who underwent conventional chemotherapy plus rituximab with or without first-line autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Related studies published on Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of science were searched, comprising both retrospective and randomized clinical trials (RCTs). The primary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). The meta-analysis was performed using the software RevMan v5.3. Four RCTs and six retrospective trials with a total of 1811 patients were identified. Pooled data indicated that conventional chemotherapy plus rituximab followed by ASCT as the first-line therapy contributed to better PFS (HR = 0.73, 95% CI 0.62-0.86, p = 0.0002) but did not significantly improve OS (HR = 0.74, 95% CI 0.55-1.01, p = 0.06) of high-intermediate/high-risk patients. Subgroup analyses of patients with complete remission after induction chemotherapy may benefit from the upfront ASCT (OS, HR = 0.48, 95% CI 0.28-0.82, p = 0.008). The incidences of grade ≥ 3 hematological and non-hematological AEs occurred more frequently in the transplantation group. High-intermediate or high-risk untreated patients with DLBCL only achieved short-term survival benefit with the upfront ASCT.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Transplante Autólogo/métodos
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(16): e19739, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311967

RESUMO

RATIONALE: B cell lymphoma can co-occur with multiple myeloma (MM), and the prognosis in this case is usually poor. We propose the combination of CD19-chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells and BCMA-CAR T cells for the treatment of such patients to obtain a superior prognosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a 50-year-old patient with previous B cell lymphoma and subsequent multiple myeloma (MM). DIAGNOSIS: A diagnosis of B cell lymphoma and MM was made. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was treated with a combination of haploidentical CD19-chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells and BCMA-CAR T cells. OUTCOMES: After CAR T cell therapy, the monoclonal plasma cells in the bone marrow and M protein disappeared. LESSONS: The combination therapy of CD19- and BCMA-CAR T cells is an effective measure to treat patients with concomitant or borderline cases of B cell lymphoma and MM.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia Adotiva , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas , Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Parotídeas/tratamento farmacológico
17.
Hematol Oncol ; 38(3): 334-343, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311106

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the incidence and prognosis of primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) by using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) database. Patients diagnosed with PCL and the disease incidence in the SEER database from 1975 to 2016 were included. Overall survival (OS) and cause-specific survival (CSS) curves were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. Univariate and multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression analyses were used to identify associations with outcome measures. The incidence of PCL was 0.011/100 000, and a predominance of elderly and male patients was observed. A total of 144 patients were enrolled. The median age of onset was 68 (9-96) years, including 80 (55.6%) males and 64 (44.4%) females. Multivariate analysis revealed that age and chemotherapy were independent prognostic factors for OS (both P < .05). Ann Arbor stage and chemotherapy were independent prognostic factors for CSS (both P < .05). In terms of treatment modality, chemotherapy combined with surgery was an independent protective factor for OS and CSS (both P < .05). For patients with primary cardiac diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (cardiac DLBCL), multivariate analysis also showed that age, Ann Arbor stage, and chemotherapy were all independent prognostic factors for OS and CSS (all P < .05). Chemotherapy combined with surgery was associated with a significant benefit in terms of OS and CSS (both P < .05). Our study confirmed that older age and advanced Ann Arbor stage were independent risk factors for PCL, and treatment with chemotherapy or cooperation with surgery resulted in better long-term survival.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/epidemiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Neoplasias Cardíacas/patologia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/terapia , Humanos , Incidência , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Programa de SEER , Taxa de Sobrevida , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Cancer Sci ; 111(7): 2608-2619, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32342603

RESUMO

The interaction between CD47 and signal-regulatory protein-α (SIRPα) inhibits phagocytosis, thus affecting the clinical outcomes of neoplastic diseases. Although CD47 upregulation is associated with poor prognosis in several malignancies, the effect of SIRPα expression and its coexpression with CD47 remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathologic effect of CD47 and SIRPα expression in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Immunostaining of 120 biopsy samples showed that CD47 is primarily expressed in tumor cells, whereas SIRPα is expressed in nonneoplastic stromal cells, mostly macrophages. CD47high cases showed higher MYC protein expression and lower MYC translocation. The SIRPαhigh cases presented significantly shorter overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) than SIRPαlow cases in the activated B-cell (ABC) subtype of DLBCL (P = .04 and P = .02, respectively). Both CD47high and SIRPαhigh presented significantly shorter OS and PFS than other cases among all DLBCL patients (P = .01 and P = .004, respectively), and the ABC type (P = .04 and P = .008, respectively) but not the germinal center B-cell type. Both CD47high and SIRPαhigh yielded a constant independent prognostic value for OS and PFS in multivariate analysis (hazard ratio [HR], 2.93; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.20-7.43; P = .02; and HR, 2.87; 95% CI, 1.42-5.85; P = .003, respectively). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report that combinatorial CD47 and SIRPα expression is a potential independent prognostic factor for DLBCL. Evaluation of CD47 and SIRPα expression could be useful before CD47 blockade therapy.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Diferenciação/metabolismo , Antígeno CD47/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Receptores Imunológicos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos de Diferenciação/genética , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Biomarcadores , Antígeno CD47/genética , Ciclofosfamida , Doxorrubicina , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização In Situ , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona , Prognóstico , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Rituximab , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina
19.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 44(9): 1173-1183, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32349049

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoproliferation encompasses a broad range of clinicopathologic findings, including specific subtypes, for example, EBV mucocutaneous ulcer. Here we reassessed 36 cases of primary EBV diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (16 men and 20 women; median age, 69.5 y; range, 35 to 84 y), including 8 immunosuppressed patients (Lugano stage II-IV; median age, 74 y), 7 nonimmunosuppressed patients with stage I disease (median age, 69 y), and 21 nonimmunosuppressed patients with stage II-IV disease (median age, 69 y). All immunosuppressed patients exhibited iatrogenic immunodeficiency and an ulcerative appearance, with ulcer sites including the stomach (1 patient), small intestine (6 patients), and rectum (1 patient). Four patients were in the setting of treated lymphoma-associated immunosuppression. Immunosuppressed patients had higher incidences of intestinal involvement (P=0.001) and perforation (n=2) compared with advanced stage nonimmunosuppressed patients. Among nonimmunosuppressed stage I patients, lesions were restricted to the stomach, none showed multiple lesions or elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase, and the overall survival curve plateaued, although it was not statistically significant (P=0.0581). One nonimmunosuppressed stage I patient with a polypoid lesion exhibited spontaneous regression within 2 months after diagnosis, while another with bulky disease pursued an aggressive clinical course. Nonimmunosuppressed stage I cases without bulky masses may be considered EBV mucocutaneous ulcer with local progression. Our results demonstrated that primary EBV gastrointestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma could be delineated into 3 groups based on immune status and clinical stage, revealing distinguishing features useful as a pragmatic guide for diagnostic and therapeutic approaches.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/virologia , RNA Viral/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Progressão da Doença , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/imunologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/patologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/terapia , Feminino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/imunologia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/patologia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/terapia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/imunologia , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/imunologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(12): e19463, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32195944

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Primary testicular lymphoma (PTL) is a rare type of extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Although data of PTL in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are accumulating, there are still patients respond poorly to prognosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: All patients had disease of the DLBCL subtype and those patients had primary involvement of the testis. In our studies, eleven patients had stage I/II disease, and 3 patients had advanced disease with B symptoms. Four patients exhibited a MYC+, BCL2+, and BCL6- expression pattern, 4 patients had a MYC+, BCL6+, and BCL2- expression pattern, and 3 patients had a MYC+, BCL2+, and BCL6+ expression pattern. Additionally, 43% (7/16) of PT-DLBCL patients had a germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) phenotype, while the others had a non-GCB phonotype. DIAGNOSES: In our case, most patients presented with unilateral painless scrotal swelling and the enlargement of the testicles in the first examination. After hospitalization, all patients underwent preoperative imageological examination of the testis and epididymis and postoperative revealed that all patients were the diffuse infiltration of a large number of anomalous lymphocytes. In addition, no invasion of other sites was observed within 3 months after diagnosis. INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOMES: Underwent orchiectomy on the affected side was performed by urologists after all patients were diagnosed with PTL. Meanwhile, some patients received at least one course of chemotherapy, or received postoperative combined RT and chemotherapy. Because of it particularity, nineteen instances of lymph node region involvement were discovered in 12 patients since the operation. LESSONS: PT-DLBCL has unique biological characteristics, and its treatment modalities are becoming increasingly standardized. In the future, systematic interventions need to be actively considered in the early stages of PTL.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Neoplasias Testiculares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Testiculares/patologia , Testículo/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Centro Germinativo/patologia , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Orquiectomia/métodos , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Testiculares/terapia , Testículo/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos
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