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2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21704, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871888

RESUMO

To explore the relationship between C3435T polymorphism of multi-drug resistance gene (MDR1) gene and susceptibility, clinicopathological characteristics, curative effect and hematological toxicity of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in XinJiang.The peripheral venous blood samples of 54 patients with DLBCL and 60 healthy controls were collected. The alleles and genotypes of MDR1 gene C3435T were detected by DNA direct extraction with PCR technique, and the frequency of C3435T allele and genotypes were detected by the chi-square test. The relationship between the allele and genotype distribution of C3435T locus and the susceptibility, clinicopathological characteristics, curative effect and hematological toxicity of DLBCL were analyzed.1 the frequency of CT heterozygote and CC homozygote mutation was significantly higher in the case group (46.3% in CT genotype and 42.6% in CC genotype) compared to the control group (P < 0.05). The frequency of CC genotype mutation in the case group was 42.6%, which was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05, OR 3.209, 95% CI: 1.288-7.997). 2 the genotypes of C3435T locus of MDR1 gene were distributed in age, sex, nationality, pathological characteristics, clinical-stage, IPI index, B symptoms, infection with EB virus, clinicopathological characteristics and clinical efficacy of hepatitis B in patients with DLBCL. There was no significant difference in myelosuppression (P > 0.05).The homozygous mutation genotype of CC is the risk genotype of DLBCL. The alleles and genotypes are not associated with the clinicopathological characteristics, efficacy and myelosuppression toxicity of DLBCL.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Feminino , Heterozigoto , Homozigoto , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
3.
Ann Hematol ; 99(11): 2577-2586, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945942

RESUMO

Although treatment outcomes for diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) have improved with the introduction of rituximab, approximately half of patients experience relapsed/refractory (r/r) disease. Furthermore, no standard salvage therapy has yet been established to date, while limitations in treatment options exist due to toxicity and restricted tolerability among elderly patients and/or those with comorbidities. The ICE (ifosfamide, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide) regimen is often used as salvage therapy for r/r DLBCL. Several modified ICE regimens not requiring continuous ifosfamide infusion are available, which can be used in outpatient clinics. This study analyzed the efficacy and toxicity of fractionated ICE with rituximab (f-R-ICE) as a salvage regimen among 47 patients with relapsed/refractory DLBCL (median age upon f-R-ICE initiation, 71 years). The whole cohort had an overall (ORR) and complete response rate of 53.1% (n = 25) and 25.5% (n = 12), respectively, and an estimated 1-year overall survival after f-R-ICE initiation of 57%. Comorbidities were evaluated using the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) upon f-R-ICE initiation. Patients with low CCI scores (68%) had a higher ORR than those with high CCI scores (36.4%) upon f-R-ICE initiation (P = 0.042). In contrast, no significant differences in overall survival (OS) were observed between the low and high CCI groups (1-year OS 56.6% vs. 52.2%; median OS 24 vs. 22.8 months) after initiating f-R-ICE. Our results suggest that f-R-ICE is a safe and effective salvage therapy for r/r DLBCL and can be used for older patients and/or those with high CCI scores in outpatient clinics.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Comorbidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Ifosfamida/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida
4.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(10): 1015-1020, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32992415

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinical pathological features of patients with relapsed diffuse large B-celllymphoma (DLBCL) and to provide evidence for early clinical screening of recurrent cases. Methods: The clinical and pathological data of the 20 patients, who had relapsed DLBCL (relapsed group) and were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2015 to December 2019, were included. Meanwhile, other 34 patients with DLBCL who had achieved complete response (CR) for 36 months or more (CR group) were used as controls.Statistical methods were used to retrospectively analyze the differences in general conditions, clinical characteristics, lab resultsand pathological features between the two groups. Results: Clinically, there were 6 males and 14 females with a median age of 55.5 (33-85) years in the relapsed group and 14 males and 20 females with a median age of 53 (15-89) years in the CR group. The relapsed and CR groups had significant difference in Ann Arbor stage (P=0.001), International Prognostic Index score (P=0.006), primary lesions (P=0.003), extranodal involvement (P=0.002), and hepatitis B viral infection (P=0.046), ß2-MG level (P=0.029), LDH level (P=0.005) and CRP level (P=0.006), while the age (P=0.732), gender (P=0.416), ECOG score (P=0.248), B symptoms (P=0.511), the presence of hypoalbuminemia (P=0.279), anemia (P=0.983) and A/G(P=0.416) showed no statistical difference.Pathologically, compared with the CR group, the relapsed group was mostly non-GCB type (85% vs. 59%,P=0.048), with a higher CD5 positive rate (25% vs.3%,P=0.014) and a lower bcl-6 positive rate (60% vs. 88%,P=0.017), while the expression of Ki-67, CD10, bcl-2, MUM1, CD20 and PAX5 was not different between the two groups. Conclusion: Most of the patients with relapsed DLBCL are non-GCB type. The patients with CD5 positivity, stage III-IV, International Prognostic Index score 3-5, nodal origin, often involving>1 extranodal organ, abnormally elevated LDH, CRP and ß2-MG level, and HBV infection are more likely to relapse.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD20 , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neprilisina , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(4): 1210-1214, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of rituximab therapy for patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and to explore the factors influencing the clinical efficacy. METHODS: According to therapeutic regimen, 66 patients with EBV-positive DLBCL were divided into two groups: CHOP group (32 cases) and R-CHOP group (CHOP+ rituximab, 34 cases). The clinical efficacy and the incidence of complication were compared between two groups. The clinical risk factors for the clinical efficacy in patients with EBV-positive DLBCL were confirmed by multivariate Logistic analysis. RESULTS: Compared with CHOP group, the complete remission rate, partial remission rate and the overall effective rate in R-CHOP group all were high (P<0.05), moreover the disease progression rate in R-CHOP group were low (P<0.05). The occurrences rate of myelotoxicity, hepatic injury and gastrointestinal reaction were not statistically significantly different between two groups (P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that the Ann Arbor staging, IPI risk score and Ki-67 positive rate were independent risk factors for the clinical efficacy in patients with EBV-positive DLBCL (OR=2.689, P=0.038; OR=3.232, P=0.025; OR=2.919, P=0.023). CONCLUSION: The clinical efficacy and safety of the therapy with rituximab on the patients with EBV-positive DLBCL are better. The poor Ann Arbor stage, high IPI risk score and the Ki-67 positive rate are factors affecting the clinical efficacy for the patients with EBV-positive DLBCL.


Assuntos
Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
8.
Lancet Haematol ; 7(9): e649-e659, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758434

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Avadomide (CC-122) is a novel oral cereblon-modulating agent with promising activity in non-Hodgkin lymphoma. We aimed to examine the safety and preliminary activity of avadomide plus obinutuzumab in patients with relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma. METHODS: CC-122-NHL-001 was a phase 1b dose escalation and expansion study at eight sites in France, Italy, and the Netherlands. Eligible patients (aged ≥18 years) had histologically confirmed CD20-positive relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma, had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1, and had received previous treatment. In the dose expansion phase, only patients with previously treated relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma (grade 1, 2, or 3a) were included. Avadomide was administered in escalating doses and two formulations: active pharmaceutical ingredient in capsule in 1·0 mg, 2·0 mg, 3·0 mg, and 4·0 mg doses and as formulated capsules in 3·0 mg and 4·0 mg doses orally once daily on days 1-5 followed by 2 days off (5-7-day schedule) every week of each 28-day cycle. Obinutuzumab 1000 mg was administered intravenously on days 2, 8, and 15 of cycle 1 and day 1 of cycles 2-8. Primary objectives were to determine the safety and tolerability, the non-tolerated dose, maximum tolerated dose, and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D). All patients who received treatment were included in the safety analyses. Efficacy-evaluable patients completed at least one cycle of treatment and had baseline and at least one post-baseline assessment. The study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02417285 and EudraCT 2014-003333-26, and is ongoing. FINDINGS: Between June 24, 2015, and Dec 5, 2018, 73 patients were enrolled and treated; 19 had diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, 53 follicular lymphoma, and one marginal zone lymphoma. Median follow-up was 253 days (IQR 127-448). The median number of previous anticancer regimens was three (IQR 2-4). The maximum tolerated dose and non-tolerated dose were not reached in the dose escalation phase. On the basis of safety and pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic data, the avadomide RP2D was established as 3·0 mg as formulated capsules on a 5-7-day schedule in combination with 1000 mg of obinutuzumab. Patients enrolled in the expansion cohort received the established RP2D of avadomide. Across all doses, three patients had dose-limiting toxicities; one patient treated at the RP2D had dose-limiting toxicity (grade 3 sepsis). The most common adverse events of grade 3 and above were neutropenia (41 [56%] of 73) and thrombocytopenia (17 [23%] of 73). 34 (47%) patients had serious adverse events, which were considered to be avadomide-related in 23 (32%) of 73 patients and obinutuzumab-related in 20 (27%) of 73 patients. Two treatment-related deaths occurred, one owing to tumour flare and one from acute myeloid leukaemia after study discontinuation. INTERPRETATION: Avadomide plus obinutuzumab has a manageable toxicity, being a tolerable treatment option for most patients. Although the prespecified threshold for activity was not met in the trial, we believe that the preliminary antitumour activity of cereblon modulators plus next-generation anti-CD20 antibodies in heavily pretreated relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma warrants further investigation as a chemotherapy-free option in this setting. FUNDING: Celgene Corporation.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Piperidonas/uso terapêutico , Quinazolinonas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/farmacocinética , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Meia-Vida , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutropenia/etiologia , Neutropenia/patologia , Piperidonas/efeitos adversos , Piperidonas/farmacocinética , Quinazolinonas/efeitos adversos , Quinazolinonas/farmacocinética , Recidiva , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Trombocitopenia/etiologia , Trombocitopenia/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Anticancer Res ; 40(7): 3781-3792, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Canine B-cell lymphoma represents a useful in vivo model for human diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Pan-Bromodomain and extra-terminal (BET) inhibition targeting BRD2/3/4 and selective inhibition of BRD4, as well as spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) inhibition, are currently evaluated as haematologic cancer therapy. Herein, we characterized the differences in the biologic response of isoform-specific or pan-BET inhibition alone or in combination with SYK inhibition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: I-BET151 (pan-inhibitor) and AZD5153 (BRD4 inhibitor) were combined with Entospletinib (SYK inhibitor) and comparatively analysed in the canine DLBCL cell line CLBL-1. Dose- and time-dependent cellular responses were analysed by cell number, metabolic activity, apoptosis/necrosis, and cell morphology. The synergistic potential was evaluated through the Bliss independence model. RESULTS: I-BET151 and AZD5153 showed significant dose- and time-dependent inhibitory effects. Adding Entospletinib to I-BET151 or AZD5153 had no additional synergistic effects. CONCLUSION: Entospletinib did not enhance the inhibitory effects of the pan- or isoform-specific BET.


Assuntos
Indazóis/farmacologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Nucleares/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoformas de Proteínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirazinas/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cães , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 2 Anéis/farmacologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/farmacologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Quinase Syk/metabolismo
10.
Ann Hematol ; 99(9): 2125-2132, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32613279

RESUMO

High-grade B cell lymphomas with rearrangements on C-MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 (HGBL with MYC and BCL2 and/or Bcl6 rearrangement) are associated with worse clinical outcomes and thus were introduced as a separate new category in the recently updated WHO classification. From 2012 to 2016, we analyzed a consecutive cohort of large B cell lymphomas (LBCLs) for C-MYC, BCL2, and BCL6 rearrangements and correlated our results with clinical-pathological parameters. Ten of 78 (13%) cases had a C-MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 rearrangement, so-called double or triple hit (DH), while double/triple copy number gains (CNGs) were found in eight (10%) patients. Patients with a high-grade lymphoma with DH or CNG progressed significantly more often after first-line chemotherapy (p = 0.005). When treated with standard chemotherapy, patients with a DH or CNG had a significantly worse overall (OS) and recurrence free survival (RFS) compared with all other patients (p = 0.033 and p < 0.001, respectively). Thus, patients with a diffuse large B cell lymphoma, harboring a double/triple CNG, seem to have a similar poor prognosis than those with a DH. Though our data can only be regarded as preliminary, our results warrant further investigations to fully elucidate the role of CNGs as well as underlying molecular mechanisms resulting in aggressive behavior in LBCL.


Assuntos
Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Ann Hematol ; 99(10): 2377-2384, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32728938

RESUMO

This study investigated the prognostic value of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-(OH)D) deficiency and the association between 25-(OH)D deficiency and c-Myc positivity in 208 newly diagnosed diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. 25-(OH)D deficiency was defined as serum 25-(OH)D level lower than 52.5 nmol/L. Using cutoff values of 40%, positive tumor cells for c-Myc expression was established. One hundred forty-two patients had 25-(OH)D deficiency and 70 had c-Myc positivity with a median follow-up of 29 months (range, 16 to 49 months) in this cohort. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that 25-(OH)D deficiency was an independent prognostic predictor for inferior progression-free survival (PFS) (P = 0.001) and overall survival (OS) (P = 0.006), and c-Myc positivity was an unfavorable prognostic factor for PFS (P = 0.004). In addition, c-Myc positivity was more frequent in patients with 25-(OH)D deficiency (P = 0.027). Moreover, we found that the presence of c-Myc positivity could aggravate the adverse effects of 25-(OH)D deficiency for PFS time (P = 0.0045). 25-(OH)D deficiency together with IPI (IPI-D) improved the prognostic capacity compared with only IPI in predicting the risk of DLBCL which was assessed by the calculation of receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves and the areas under the curve (AUC). Noteworthy, c-Myc positivity combined with IPI-D was better than IPI-D in predicting PFS time. In summary, 25-(OH)D deficiency was a strong prognostic factor in DLBCL. Further multi-center prospective studies are needed to confirm the results and better understand the underlying mechanisms.


Assuntos
Genes myc , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/epidemiologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/biossíntese , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Área Sob a Curva , China/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Progressão da Doença , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/sangue , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Curva ROC , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Adulto Jovem
12.
Tokai J Exp Clin Med ; 45(2): 58-62, 2020 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32602102

RESUMO

Here, we report the case of cutaneous metastases from testicular diffuse large B-cell malignant lymphoma (DLBCL) concurrent with Bowen disease evaluated with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (18F-FDG PET-CT). A 60-year-old male underwent orchiectomy to remove his left testicle because of DLBCL. Multiple skin lesions appeared 1 month postoperatively. Furthermore, an intractable erythematous plaque localized to the right lower leg was present from 2 years before the operation. 18F-FDG PET-CT images revealed multiple skin lesions with marked FDG uptakes in the face, neck, and thigh of this patient, as well as a lower leg lesion with minimal FDG uptake. Biopsy of both lesions revealed cutaneous metastases from DLBCL and Bowen disease (BD) of the lower leg lesion. 18F-FDG PET-CT images following chemotherapy and resection of BD demonstrated no FDG uptake.


Assuntos
Doença de Bowen , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/secundário , Neoplasias Testiculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Testiculares/terapia , Doença de Bowen/cirurgia , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
14.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(7): 978-988, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511983

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who are ineligible for autologous stem-cell transplantation have poor outcomes and few treatment options. Tafasitamab (MOR208) is an Fc-enhanced, humanised, anti-CD19 monoclonal antibody that has shown preclinical and single-agent activity in patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell malignancies. Preclinical data suggested that tafasitamab might act synergistically with lenalidomide. We aimed to assess the antitumour activity and safety of tafasitamab plus lenalidomide in patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who were ineligible for autologous stem-cell transplantation. METHODS: In this multicentre, open-label, single-arm, phase 2 study (L-MIND), patients older than 18 years with histologically confirmed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, who relapsed or had refractory disease after previous treatment with one to three systemic regimens (with at least one anti-CD20 therapy), were not candidates for high-dose chemotherapy and subsequent autologous stem-cell transplantation, had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2, and had measurable disease at baseline were recruited from 35 academic and community hospitals in ten countries. Patients received coadministered intravenous tafasitamab (12 mg/kg) and oral lenalidomide (25 mg/day) for up to 12 cycles (28 days each), followed by tafasitamab monotherapy (in patients with stable disease or better) until disease progression. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with an objective response (centrally assessed), defined as a complete or partial response according to the 2007 International Working Group response criteria for malignant lymphoma. Antitumour activity analyses are based on all patients who received at least one dose of both tafasitamab and lenalidomide; safety analyses are based on all patients who received at least one dose of either study medication. Recruitment is complete, and the trial is in follow-up. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02399085. FINDINGS: Between Jan 18, 2016, and Nov 15, 2017, 156 patients were screened: 81 were enrolled and received at least one dose of either study medication, and 80 received at least one dose of both tafasitamab and lenalidomide. Median follow-up was 13·2 months (IQR 7·3-20·4) as of data cutoff on Nov 30, 2018. 48 (60%; 95% CI 48-71) of 80 patients who received tafasitamab plus lenalidomide had an objective response: 34 (43%; 32-54) had a complete response and 14 (18%; 10-28) had a partial response. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events of grade 3 or worse were neutropenia (39 [48%] of 81 patients), thrombocytopenia (14 [17%]), and febrile neutropenia (ten [12%]). Serious adverse events occurred in 41 (51%) of 81 patients. The most frequently reported serious adverse events (in two or more patients) were pneumonia (five [6%]), febrile neutropenia (five [6%]), pulmonary embolism (three [4%]), bronchitis (two [2%]), atrial fibrillation (two [2%]), and congestive cardiac failure (two [2%]). INTERPRETATION: Tafasitamab in combination with lenalidomide was well tolerated and resulted in a high proportion of patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma ineligible for autologous stem-cell transplantation having a complete response, and might represent a new therapeutic option in this setting. FUNDING: MorphoSys.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia de Salvação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lenalidomida/administração & dosagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(11): 2995-3002, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524293

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Comorbidity and relative dose intensity (RDI) have been associated with survival in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients, but both relationships remain unaddressed in the same patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of consecutive DLBCL patients treated from January 2010 to October 2018 was performed. Data for the clinical characteristics of the patients, including the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) and RDI, on their outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 211 patients with a median age of 72 years (range 19-90 years) were analyzed. CCI ≥ 2 was associated with poor event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS). RDI < 70% was associated with worse EFS and OS. A multivariate analysis revealed that RDI < 70% was only a poor risk factor for the reduction of OS in elderly DLBCL patients (65 years <) and independent from the presence of CCI. The relationship between CCI and RDI in elderly patients was analyzed in four groups, based on CCI ≥ 2 or less and RDI ≥ 70% or less. The group with CCI ≥ 2 and RDI < 70% had a poorer OS and EFS, as compared to the other three groups. The group with CCI < 2 and RDI ≥ 70% had a superior OS but an identical EFS, as compared to the two groups with CCI < 2 and RDI < 70% and CCI ≥ 2 and RDI ≥ 70%. CONCLUSIONS: CCI ≥ 2 was associated with a poorer outcome, but maintaining RDI ≥ 70% may improve the outcome, especially in elderly DLBCL patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
16.
Lancet Haematol ; 7(7): e511-e522, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is an aggressive cancer with a median overall survival of less than 6 months. We aimed to assess the response to single-agent selinexor, an oral selective inhibitor of nuclear export, in patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL who had no therapeutic options of potential clinical benefit. METHODS: SADAL was a multicentre, multinational, open-label, phase 2b study done in 59 sites in 19 countries. Patients aged 18 years or older with pathologically confirmed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 2 or less, who had received two to five lines of previous therapies, and progressed after or were not candidates for autologous stem-cell transplantation were enrolled. Germinal centre B-cell or non-germinal centre B-cell tumour subtype and double or triple expressor status were determined by immunohistochemistry and double or triple hit status was determined by cytogenetics. Patients received 60 mg selinexor orally on days 1 and 3 weekly until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The study was initially designed to evaluate both 60 mg and 100 mg twice-weekly doses of selinexor; however, the 100 mg dose was discontinued in the protocol (version 7.0) on March 29, 2017, when an improved therapeutic window was observed at 60 mg. Primary outcome was overall response rate. The primary outcome and safety were assessed in all patients who received 60 mg selinexor under protocol version 6.0, or enrolled under protocol versions 7.0 or higher and received at least one dose of selinexor. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02227251 (active but not enrolling). FINDINGS: Between Oct 21, 2015, and Nov 2, 2019, 267 patients were randomly assigned, with 175 allocated to the 60 mg group and 92 to the discontinued 100 mg group. 48 patients assigned to the 60 mg group were excluded due to enrolment before version 6.0 of the protocol; the remaining 127 patients received selinexor 60 mg and were included in analyses of primary outcome and safety. The overall response rate was 28% (36/127; 95% CI 20·7-37·0); 15 (12%) achieved a complete response and 21 (17%) a partial response. The most common grade 3-4 adverse events were thrombocytopenia (n=58), neutropenia (n=31), anaemia (n=28), fatigue (n=14), hyponatraemia (n=10), and nausea (n=8). The most common serious adverse events were pyrexia (n=9), pneumonia (n=6), and sepsis (n=6). There were no deaths judged as related to treatment with selinexor. INTERPRETATION: Single-drug oral selinexor induced durable responses and had a manageable adverse events profile in patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL who received at least two lines of previous chemoimmunotherapy. Selinexor could be considered a new oral, non-cytotoxic treatment option in this setting. FUNDING: Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Hidrazinas/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Triazóis/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Carioferinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/antagonistas & inibidores
17.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 152: 103010, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32540781

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the benefits and risks of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with ibrutinib. PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched for relevant studies. The pooled overall response (OR), complete response (CR), and partial response (PR) were 57.9 %, 35.0 %, and 20.1 %, respectively. The pooled OR and CR of ibrutinib monotherapy were 41.6 % and 15.2 % and of ibrutinib + rituximab-based therapy were 72.0 % and 47.5 %, respectively. The relapsed/refractory DLBCL achieved a pooled OR and CR of 49.7 % and 27.7 %, respectively. The pooled OR and CR were 64.2 % and 56.9 % in non-germinal center B-cell-like (non-GCB) DLBCL and 68.3 % and 36.0 % in relapsed/refractory central nervous system lymphoma (CNSL), respectively. The pooled median progression-free and overall survival were 4.54 months and 11.5 months, respectively. 70.7 % and 52.6 % patients experienced ≥ grade 3 adverse events and serious adverse events. The ibrutinib-contained therapy was well tolerated and showed the potential to improve tumor response of patients with non-GCB DLBCL and relapsed/refractory CNSL.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(21): e19883, 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481253

RESUMO

Although Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), tryptophan-2,3-dioxygenase (TDO), and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) are involved in cancer immune escape, their prognostic impact on diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is unknown.To examine the prognostic impact of IDO, TDO, and AHR on patients with DLBCL.This was a retrospective study on treatment-naïve patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL at the Henan Province People's Hospital between 01/2012 and 06/2015. Patients with inflammatory reactive lymph nodes were included as controls. All cases were reviewed by 2 pathologists. IDO, TDO, and AHR positivity was determined through immunochemistry. Survival was examined using the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariable Cox analyses.The positive expression of TDO (50.0% vs 16.7%, P = .005) and AHR (60.0% vs 8.3%, P < .001) were higher in DLBCL than in inflammatory control. The overall survival of IDO, TDO, and AHR positive expression in DLBCL patients was 34.6, 26.7, and 32.2 months, respectively, which is significantly shorter than that of the corresponding negative patients (49.0 months, P = .04; 58.2 months, P < .001; 58.0 months, P < .001; respectively). The multivariable analysis showed that TDO expression and Ann-Arbor stage were independently associated with PFS (TDO: HR = 8.347, 95%CI: 2.992-23.289, P < .001; stage: HR = 2.729, 95%CI: 1.571-4.739, P < .001) and OS (TDO: HR = 9.953, 95%CI: 3.228-30.686, P < .001; stage: HR = 2.681, 95%CI: 1.524-4.719, P = .001) in DLBCL patients.Overexpression of IDO, TDO, and AHR is associated with poor survival of patients with DLBCL and could be involved in the immune escape of cancer cells. Further studies are necessary to determine whether these proteins can be targeted by treatment regimens.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/fisiologia , Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/fisiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/fisiologia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Triptofano Oxigenase/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/biossíntese , Feminino , Humanos , Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/biossíntese , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/biossíntese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Triptofano Oxigenase/biossíntese , Adulto Jovem
19.
Hematol Oncol ; 38(3): 257-265, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32356913

RESUMO

We report final results of a phase II trial addressing efficacy and feasibility of lenalidomide maintenance in patients with chemosensitive relapse of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) not eligible for or failed after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Patients with relapsed DLBCL who achieved at least a partial response to salvage chemoimmunotherapy were enrolled and treated with lenalidomide 25 mg/day for 21 of 28 days for 2 years or until progression or unacceptable toxicity. Primary endpoint was 1-year PFS. Forty-six of 48 enrolled patients were assessable. Most patients had IPI ≥2, advanced stage and extranodal disease before the salvage treatment that led to trial registration; 28 (61%) patients were older than 70 years. Lenalidomide was well tolerated. With the exception of neutropenia, grade-4 toxicities occurred in <1% of courses. Three patients died of complications during maintenance and three died due to second cancers at 32 to 64 months. There were 13 SAEs recorded in 12 patients; all these patients but two recovered. Lenalidomide was interrupted due to toxicity in other 6 patients, and 25 patients required dose reduction (transient in 21). At 1 year from registration, 31 patients were progression free. After a median follow-up of 65 (range 39-124) months, 22 patients remain progression free, with a 5-year PFS of 48% ± 7%. The duration of response to lenalidomide was longer than response to prior treatment in 30 (65%) patients. Benefit was observed both in de novo and transformed DLBCL, germinal-center-B-cell and nongerminal-center-B-cell subtypes. Twenty-six patients are alive (5-year OS 62% ± 7%). With the limitations of a nonrandomized design, these long-term results suggest that lenalidomide maintenance might bring benefit to patients with chemosensitive relapse of DLBCL not eligible for or failed after ASCT. Lenalidomide was associated with durable disease control and was well tolerated in this elderly population. Further investigations on immunomodulatory drugs as maintenance in these high-risk patients are warranted.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Lenalidomida/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia de Salvação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Ann Hematol ; 99(7): 1605-1613, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451709

RESUMO

Second primary diffuse large B cell lymphoma (spDLBCL) is defined as a metachronous tumor occurring after a first primary cancer. To date, while R-CHOP is the standard first-line treatment for de novo DLBCL, no available data show that R-CHOP is the optimal treatment for spDLBCL. This exploratory study aimed to investigate treatment of spDLBCL. From 2008 to 2015, the Poitou-Charentes general cancer registry recorded 68 cases of spDLBCL ≤ 80 years old, having received a first-line treatment with either R-CHOP (78%) or other regimens (22%). Patients without R-CHOP have worse overall survival in univariate (HR 2.89 [1.33-6.24], P = 0.007) and multivariate (HR 2.98 [1.34-6.67], P = 0.008) analyses. Patients without R-CHOP more frequently had PS > 1 (67% vs. 28%, P = 0.007) and prior chemotherapy (60% vs. 26%, P = 0.02), which suggests that both of these factors influence a clinician's decision to not use R-CHOP. Prior chemotherapy had no prognostic impact in univariate and multivariate analyses; this result could call into question the risk-benefit balance of not using R-CHOP to prevent toxicity. In our study, one DLBCL out of ten occurred after a first primary cancer, and as regards de novo DLBCL, R-CHOP appeared to be the best first-line treatment. Larger series are needed to confirm these results.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/classificação , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/estatística & dados numéricos , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/diagnóstico , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
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