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1.
Ann Hematol ; 99(2): 391-393, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858188
2.
Hematol Oncol ; 37(5): 564-568, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475375

RESUMO

Patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) refractory to front-line immunochemotherapy (ICT) have a poor overall survival (OS). Gene mutation analysis may be more accurate than classical risk factors to pick out these patients before treatment. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of selected genetic mutations in a cohort of patients with high-risk FL. Twenty-five patients with FL refractory to front-line ICT and 10 non-refractory patients matched for age, sex, and FLIPI score were included. We sequenced 18 genes (custom targeted sequencing panel) previously reported to potentially have prognostic impact, including the seven genes necessary to determine m7FLIPI risk. The 35 patients had a median age of 62. The FLIPI and FLIPI2 were high in 27 (84%) and 14 (48%), respectively. Three-year progression-free survival (PFS) and OS probabilities were 25% (95% CI, 13%-41%) and 53% (34%-69%), respectively. There were 73 variants in the 18 genes among the 35 patients. The median number of mutations per patient was 1 (interquartile range, 0-3). The most commonly mutated genes were CREBBP (11 of 35, 31%) and EP300 (10 of 35, 29%). EP300 mutations were associated with refractoriness to treatment (10 of 25 among refractory and 0 of 10 among non-refractory). In conclusion, in this study, patients with high-risk follicular lymphoma were genetically heterogeneous.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/genética , Idoso , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Mutação , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Lancet Haematol ; 6(8): e429-e437, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lenalidomide plus rituximab is approved to treat patients with relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma. Obinutuzumab has been shown to enhance antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, phagocytosis, and direct B-cell killing better than rituximab. Our aim was to determine the activity and safety of lenalidomide plus obinutuzumab in previously treated patients with relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma. METHODS: In this multicentre, single-arm, phase 2 study, patients were enrolled from 24 Lymphoma Academic Research Organisation centres in France. Eligible patients (age ≥18 years) had histologically confirmed CD20-positive relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma of WHO grade 1, 2, or 3a; an ECOG performance status of 0-2; and received at least one previous rituximab-containing therapy. Patients received oral lenalidomide (20 mg) plus intravenously infused obinutuzumab as induction therapy (1000 mg; six 28-day cycles), 1-year maintenance with lenalidomide (10 mg; 12 28-day cycles; days 2-22) plus obinutuzumab (1000 mg; alternate cycles), and 1-year maintenance with obinutuzumab (1000 mg; six 56-day cycles; day 1). The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients who achieved an overall response at induction end as per investigator assessment using the 1999 international working group criteria. The secondary endpoints were event-free survival, progression-free survival, overall survival, and safety. Analyses were per-protocol; the efficacy population included all patients who received at least one dose of both obinutuzumab and lenalidomide, and the safety population included all patients who received one dose of either investigational drug. The study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01582776, and is ongoing but closed to accrual. FINDINGS: Between June 11, 2014, and Dec 18, 2015, 89 patients were recruited and 86 patients were evaluable for efficacy and 88 for safety. Median follow-up was 2·6 years (IQR 2·2-2·8). 68 (79%) of 86 evaluable patients (95% CI 69-87) achieved an overall response at induction end, meeting the prespecified primary endpoint. At 2 years, event-free survival was 62% (95% CI 51-72), progression-free survival 65% (95% CI 54-74), duration of response 70% (95% CI 57-79), and overall survival 87% (95% CI 78-93). Complete response was achieved by 33 (38%, 95% CI 28-50) of 86 patients at induction end, and the proportion of patients achieving a best overall response was 70 (81%, 95% CI 72-89) and 72 (84%, 74-91) of 86 patients during induction and treatment, respectively. The most common adverse events were asthenia (n=54, 61%), neutropenia (n=38, 43%), bronchitis (n=36, 41%), diarrhoea (n=35, 40%), and muscle spasms (n=34, 39%). Neutropenia was the most common toxicity of grade 3 or more; four (5%) patients had febrile neutropenia. 57 serious adverse events were reported in 30 (34%) of 88 patients. The most common serious adverse events were basal cell carcinoma (n=5, 6%), febrile neutropenia (n=4, 5%), and infusion-related reaction (n=3, 3%). One patient died due to treatment-related febrile neutropenia. INTERPRETATION: Our data shows that lenalidomide plus obinutuzumab is active in previously treated patients with relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma, including those with early relapse, and has a manageable safety profile. Randomised trials of new immunomodulatory regimens, such as GALEN or using GALEN as a backbone, versus lenalidomide plus rituximab, are warranted. FUNDING: Lymphoma Academic Research Organisation, and Celgene and Roche.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Lenalidomida/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antígenos CD20/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Lenalidomida/efeitos adversos , Linfoma de Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutropenia/etiologia , Recidiva , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Blood ; 134(9): 761-764, 2019 08 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300404

RESUMO

Despite widespread use of bendamustine and rituximab (BR) as frontline therapy for advanced-stage follicular lymphoma (FL), little is known about the risk of early progression or incidence of histological transformation. We performed a retrospective analysis of a population-based cohort of 296 patients with advanced-stage FL treated with frontline BR and maintenance rituximab. As previously demonstrated, outcomes with this regimen are excellent, with 2-year event-free survival estimated at 85% (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 80-89) and 2-year overall survival 92% (95% CI, 88-95). Progression of disease within 24 months (POD24) occurred in 13% of patients and was associated with a significantly inferior outcome with 2-year overall survival of 38% (95% CI, 20-55). The only significant risk factor for POD24 at baseline was elevated lactate dehydrogenase (P < .001). Importantly, the majority of POD24 patients (76%) had transformed disease. Compared with a historical cohort treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone, event-free survival has improved and the risk of POD24 has decreased, but a higher proportion of patients with POD24 harbor transformation. The overall incidence of transformation appears unchanged. The presence of occult or early transformation is the main driver of POD24 in FL patients treated with frontline BR. Identification of biomarkers and improved management strategies for transformation will be crucial to improving outcomes.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(8): 2149-2156, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: First-line rituximab therapy together with chemotherapy is the standard care for patients with advanced follicular B-cell lymphoma, as rituximab together with chemotherapy prolongs progression-free and overall survival (Herold et al. 2007; Marcus et al. 2005). However, as not all patient subgroups benefit from combined immuno-chemotherapy, we asked whether the microenvironment may predict benefit from rituximab-based therapy. DESIGN: To address this question, we performed a retrospective immunohistochemical analysis on pathological specimens of 18 patients recruited into a randomized clinical trial, where patients with advanced follicular lymphoma were randomized into either chemotherapy or immuno-chemotherapy with rituximab (Herold et al. 2007). RESULTS: We show here that rituximab exerts beneficial effects, especially in the subgroup of follicular lymphoma patients with low intrafollicular CD3, CD5, CD8, and ZAP70 and high CD56 and CD68 expression. CONCLUSION: Rituximab may overcome immune-dormancy in follicular lymphoma in cases with lower intrafollicular T-cell numbers and higher CD56 and CD68 cell counts. As this was a retrospective analysis on a small subgroup of patients, these data need to be corroborated in larger clinical trials.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/imunologia , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Linfócitos T/patologia , Clorambucila/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Células Matadoras Naturais/patologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mitoxantrona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Resultado do Tratamento , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
6.
Ann Hematol ; 98(9): 2131-2138, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286196

RESUMO

The optimal dose, schedule, and other aspects of bendamustine plus rituximab treatment remain unclear for patients with relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma (FL). Herein, we analyzed the efficacy of bendamustine combined with rituximab (RB-120) treatment for Japanese patients with relapsed or refractory FL. This phase II clinical trial included patients with relapsed or refractory FL who received 375 mg/m2 rituximab on day 1 and 120 mg/m2 bendamustine on days 2 and 3 every 28 days for up to 6 cycles. The primary endpoint was the overall response rate (ORR), and the secondary endpoints included the complete response (CR) rate, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and safety. Thirty-seven patients were enrolled in the trial (median age 62 years, range 42-75 years). All patients were previously treated with rituximab-containing chemotherapy, and 83.8% were previously treated with the R-CHOP regimen. A median of 5 cycles (range 1-6) and 48.6% of patients completed 6 cycles. The ORR was 91.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] 78.1-98.3%), with a CR rate of 86.5% (95% CI 71.2-95.5%). The 3-year PFS and OS were 70.9% (95% CI 52.3-83.3%) and 88.9% (95% CI 73.1-95.7%), respectively, with the median 39.5 months follow-up duration. The most-frequently observed grade 3/4 adverse events were hematologic: lymphopenia (95%) and neutropenia (70%). No treatment-related deaths were observed. RB-120 showed a good efficacy with equivalent toxicities, compared with the bendamustine 120 mg/m2 monotherapy. However, the problem of high drop-out incidences cannot be ignored.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Linfoma Folicular , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/administração & dosagem , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Neutropenia/mortalidade , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 24(10): 1292-1300, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165310

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if quantitative SUV-related, volumetric FDG PET parameters, and texture features (SPs, VPs, and TFs, respectively) were useful to evaluate and predict response and recurrence after chemotherapy in follicular lymphoma (FL). METHODS: Pre- and posttreatment FDG PET examinations in 45 FL patients were analyzed retrospectively. In addition to SPs in the representative lesion, metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were calculated as VPs for the representative and whole-body lesions. Six TFs were calculated in the pretreatment representative lesion. Response results with reduction of SPs or VPs after treatment (Δ) were compared to the Lugano classification based on visual assessment. SPs, VPs, and Δ of them as well as TFs were also evaluated if they allow prediction of response and recurrence after chemotherapy. RESULTS: Quantitative assessment with SPs and VPs provided 89% and 93-96% concordant results, respectively, with Lugano classification. Among pretreatment PET parameters, low gray-level zone emphasis (LGZE) in TFs solely showed statistical significance to predict complete response. All of posttreatment and Δ of SPs and VPs were considered as the predictors of progression free survival in the univariate Cox regression analysis, but none of them was the predictor in the multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that quantitative PET parameters were applicable to evaluate treatment response in FL. Texture analysis showed promise in predicting treatment response. Although posttreatment and Δ of PET parameters were the candidates, all of them proved to have limited value in predicting recurrence after chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/metabolismo , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carga Tumoral
8.
Eur J Haematol ; 103(3): 268-271, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31211882

RESUMO

Follicular lymphoma is the most common subtype of the indolent non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Treatment usually consists of immuno-chemotherapy and results in long-lasting remissions in most cases. Progression-free survival with the second-generation anti-CD20 antibody obinutuzumab was shown to be better than with rituximab when given in combination with either bendamustine or anthracycline-based chemotherapy. Although treatment is generally well tolerated without an excessive rate of toxicities, there appear to be slightly more adverse events with obinutuzumab than with rituximab. Here, we report the case of a 45-year-old female patient that was diagnosed with a disseminated enterovirus infection while undergoing maintenance therapy with obinutuzumab after induction treatment with the combination of bendamustine and rituximab. Enterovirus RNA was detected in the blood, the cerebrospinal fluid, and the colon. A therapy with intravenous immunoglobulins was initiated since the patient presented with a severe treatment-related immunosuppression indicated by hypogammaglobulinemia. Nonetheless, she eventually died from the enterovirus infection without evidence of lymphoma progression. This case underscores that clinicians should be aware of rare but potentially fatal infectious complications related to treatment protocols containing anti-CD20 antibodies.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Infecções por Enterovirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Enterovirus/etiologia , Linfoma Folicular/complicações , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
9.
Asia Pac J Clin Oncol ; 15 Suppl 3: 3-11, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31058467

RESUMO

Recently, obinutuzumab was included in the Australian Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme for use in first line, advanced or bulky stage 2, follicular lymphoma, providing more immunochemotherapy treatment options available than ever before. Rituximab with chemotherapy has been the standard of care since reimbursement in the late 1990s; however, obinutuzumab-based regimens have shown superior progression-free survival in comparison to rituximab-based options, albeit at an increased risk of grade ≥3 adverse events. As median overall survival approaches 20 years or more, the long-term effects and sequencing of any strategy should be considered. Here we discuss the considerations for selection of front-line therapy, based on evidence and local Australian clinician experience, in the management of first line follicular lymphoma.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Austrália , Gerenciamento Clínico , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
10.
Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book ; 39: 467-476, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31099693

RESUMO

Follicular lymphoma (FL) is the second most common non-Hodgkin lymphoma and the most common indolent B-cell malignancy. The disease often presents in advanced stage and can often be observed before initiation of therapy. Although the incidence is only approximately 15,000 new cases per year, the prevalence is substantially higher owing to the favorable overall survival (OS) of most patients. The most impactful advance responsible for the improvement of OS in FL was the introduction of the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (mAb) rituximab over 20 years ago. Phase III trials demonstrate that rituximab improves the OS in FL when combined with chemotherapy. However, unlike aggressive B-cell lymphomas, advanced stage FL is generally incurable and often displays a pattern of progressively shorter remissions with subsequent lines of therapy. Hence, maintenance strategies have been developed to prolong remissions achieved with frontline therapy. The value of maintenance after frontline therapy has been most extensively studied with extended treatment of anti-CD20 mAb, but recent approaches include chemotherapy-free combinations and targeted therapies given for extended durations. Here, we review relevant data that provide rationale in support of maintenance therapy in FL as well as the risks and limitations of a "one-size-fits-all" approach. Importantly, we note the biologic and clinical heterogeneity across patients with FL that must be considered when making clinical decisions. Finally, we highlight ongoing research that explores response-adapted approaches based on the depth of response as defined by PET scans and assays for minimal residual disease (MRD) that aim to better personalize individual management strategies.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Esquema de Medicação , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Retratamento , Tempo para o Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Blood ; 134(4): 353-362, 2019 07 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31101627

RESUMO

The SAKK 35/10 phase 2 trial, developed by the Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research and the Nordic Lymphoma Group, compared the activity of rituximab vs rituximab plus lenalidomide in untreated follicular lymphoma patients in need of systemic therapy. Patients were randomized to rituximab (375 mg/m2 IV on day 1 of weeks 1-4 and repeated during weeks 12-15 in responding patients) or rituximab (same schedule) in combination with lenalidomide (15 mg orally daily for 18 weeks). Primary end point was complete response (CR)/unconfirmed CR (CRu) rate at 6 months. In total, 77 patients were allocated to rituximab monotherapy and 77 to the combination (47% poor-risk Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index score in each arm). A significantly higher CR/CRu rate at 6 months was documented in the combination arm by the investigators (36%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 26%-48% vs 25%; 95% CI, 16%-36%) and confirmed by an independent response review of computed tomography scans only (61%; 95% CI, 49%-72% vs 36%; 95% CI, 26%-48%). After a median follow-up of 4 years, significantly higher 30-month CR/CRu rates and longer progression-free survival (PFS) and time to next treatment (TTNT) were observed for the combination. Overall survival (OS) rates were similar in both arms (≥90%). Toxicity grade ≥3 was more common in the combination arm (56% vs 22% of patients), mainly represented by neutropenia (23% vs 7%). Addition of lenalidomide to rituximab significantly improved CR/CRu rates, PFS, and TTNT, with expected higher, but manageable toxicity. The excellent OS in both arms suggests that chemotherapy-free strategies should be further explored. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01307605.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Biópsia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Lenalidomida/administração & dosagem , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/etiologia , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Avaliação de Sintomas , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 66(8): e27770, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31012208

RESUMO

Large B-cell lymphoma with IRF4 rearrangement is a provisional entity in the 2017 World Health Organization classification. In order to characterize these lymphomas in children from the United States, IRF4 FISH and immunohistochemical stains were performed on 32 follicular lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) from Children's Oncology Group studies. Two DLBCLs (6%) had IRF4 rearrangements, one involving the ileocecal valve and another involving the tonsil and cerebrospinal fluid. Both cases had strong, diffuse IRF4/MUM1 immunohistochemical staining, which may be a pathologic clue to the diagnosis. Reclassification of these cases may have prognostic and therapeutic implications.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Rearranjo Gênico , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Linfoma Folicular/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Translocação Genética , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Prognóstico
15.
Hematol Oncol ; 37(2): 143-150, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30840776

RESUMO

Follicular lymphoma (FL) is the second most common non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) subtype. The histological transformation (HT) of FL is an event considered frequent in the natural history of this tumor. We studied the transformation rates, predictive factors, and treatment characteristics that may impact in the survival of patients with FL and HT. A total of 1074 patients diagnosed with FL were prospectively enrolled from 1990 to 2016 in a Spanish registry. Sixty-four HTs were recorded based on clinical criteria (55%) or histological confirmation (45%). The cumulative incidence rate of transformation at 5 years is 7.3%. The 5-year overall survival (OS) without HT was 85% (95% confidence interval [CI], 70%-90%) vs 66% (95% CI, 51%-76%; P = 0.0012) with HT. Factors associated with HT were elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (odds ratio [OR] 1.83), intermediate-high Follicular lymphoma international prognostic index (FLIPI) (OR 2.16-OR 3.21), B symptoms (OR 2.46), or Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 1 (OR 2.35). Treatment options related to HT were "watch and wait" or no rituximab or anthracyclines initially. A 5-year OS for patients treated with chemotherapy before HT was 55% (95% CI, 38%-69%) versus 81% (95% CI, 53%-93%; P = 0.009) for those who had not received it. The HT rate has decreased after the introduction of rituximab, as has been previously described. The timing of this treatment had an impact on the survival of these patients.


Assuntos
Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 49(4): 306-310, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30715424

RESUMO

The introduction of a chimeric anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, rituximab, for the treatment of follicular lymphoma (FL) has dramatically improved the prognosis of this disease. Despite advances in therapy, the disease remains incurable with current standard therapeutic strategies. For advanced-stage and high-tumor-burden FL patients, a combination of rituximab with chemotherapy has improved the overall survival rates, and subsequent rituximab maintenance following successful rituximab-based chemotherapy induction also prolongs progression-free survival. Conversely, for advanced-stage low-tumor-burden FL patients, watchful waiting remains the appropriate approach, whereas rituximab monotherapy has also been suggested as a good alternative. However, the optimal timing of rituximab monotherapy in low-tumor-burden FL patients has not been clarified. It is important to address this issue for chemo-free treatment strategies. Furthermore, a predictive model for advanced low-tumor-burden patients is required to appropriately identify those patients who may benefit from immediate treatment. In this review, we address the current treatment approaches and present potential future management strategies for advanced-stage, low-tumor-burden patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Prognóstico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Carga Tumoral
17.
Hematol Oncol ; 37(2): 151-159, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30736096

RESUMO

Hormone therapy has been used for patients with estrogen receptor alpha (ERα)-positive breast cancers. Recently, some studies reported the expression of ERα on neoplastic cells from B-cell lymphomas. However, there has been only one report of ERα expression on the follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) that structurally and functionally support the microenvironment of follicular lymphomas (FLs). The objective of this study was to investigate the frequency of ERα expression on FDCs in nonneoplastic reactive lymphoid tissues and to compare the frequency of ERα expression on FDCs in the axillary lymph nodes between patients with and without antiestrogen therapy and among patients with grades 1-3 of FL. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect ERα mRNA in FL. In nonneoplastic germinal centers (GCs) from patients with tonsillitis or reactive lymphadenitis, ERα was expressed in the light zone. ERα-positive cells strongly correlated with the width of GCs (rs  = 0.81, P < 0.01) and the CD21-positive (rs  = 0.69, P < 0.01) and CD23-positive (rs  = 0.83, P < 0.01) FDC meshwork. The axillary lymph nodes had fewer ERα-positive cells, smaller GCs, and a looser CD21- and CD23-positive FDC meshwork with hormone therapy than without hormone therapy (P < 0.01). Neoplastic follicles of G1-2 FL had more ERα-positive cells and a larger CD23+ FDC meshwork than those of G3 FL (P < 0.01). ERα mRNA was detected in both G1-2 FL and G3 FL by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. In conclusion, these results suggested that antiestrogen hormone therapy may decrease the number of ERα-positive FDCs and that the responses mediated by the estrogen-ERα interaction on FDCs may differ between G1-2 FL and G3 FL.


Assuntos
Células Dendríticas Foliculares/metabolismo , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/biossíntese , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Linfoma Folicular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Células Dendríticas Foliculares/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/metabolismo , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores
18.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(1): 46-51, 2019 Jan 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30704228

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of follicular lymphoma (FL) in the era of rituximab combined with chemotherapy and the prognostic significance of the follicular lymphoma international prognostic index (FLIPI), follicular lymphoma international prognostic index 2 (FLIPI2), international prognostic index (IPI), revised international prognostic index (R-IPI), National Comprehensive Cancer Network international prognostic index (NCCN-IPI) among Chinese patients. Methods: 229 FL patients who were treated initially with rituximab combined with CHOP-like (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone) chemotherapy from November 2008 to April 2018 were analyzed retrospectively and all were scored by the above clinical index. Univariate and multivariate survival analysis were performed on 201 patients who completed the treatment and were followed regularly. Results: In the univariate survival analysis, age>60 years, hemoglobin<120 g/L, elevated serumß(2)- macroglobulin, involvement of bone marrow and elevated CRP were the risk prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS). Moreover, the analysis of the OS and PFS between rituximab (R) maintenance (RM) group and non-maintenance (non-RM) group showed that the OS and PFS of RM group were better than those of non-RM. In the multivariate analysis of OS, hemoglobin<120 g/L, involvement of bone marrow, elevated CRP and non-RM were independent prognostic factors. In the multivariate analysis of PFS, hemoglobin<120 g/L, CRP and non-RM were independent prognostic factors. When FLIPI2 was included in the multivariate analysis, CRP and FLIPI2 were independent prognostic factors in both OS and PFS, and non-RM was independent prognostic factors in PFS. Conclusion: FLIPI2 is the better risk stratification in FL patients in the era of rituximab.


Assuntos
Linfoma Folicular , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Ciclofosfamida , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Prednisona , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Vincristina
19.
Mol Carcinog ; 58(6): 944-956, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30693983

RESUMO

Follicular lymphoma (FL) is the most common indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) with genetic alterations of BCL-2, KMT2B, and KMT6. FL is refractory to conventional chemotherapy and is still incurable in most patients. Thus, new drugs and/or novel combination treatment strategies are needed to further improve FL patient outcome. We investigated the efficacy of the histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) inhibitor A452 combined with a Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor ibrutinib on NHL and the underlying mechanisms compared with the current clinically tested HDAC6 inhibitor ACY-1215. We first showed that FL is the most sensitive to HDAC6 inhibitor. We showed that combining A452 with ibrutinib led to the synergistic inhibition of cell growth and decreased viability of FL cells, as well as increased levels of apoptosis. Similar synergistic interactions occur in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and germinal center diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cells (DLBCL). Enhanced cell death is associated with AKT and ERK1/2 inactivation and increased DNA damage (induction of γH2A.X and reduction of pChk1/2). In addition, A452 downregulates c-Myc, an effect significantly enhanced by ibruninib. Although ACY-1215 is less potent than A452, it displays synergism with ibrutinib. Overall, our results suggest that A452 is more effective as an anticancer agent than ACY-1215 in FL. These findings suggest that a combination of HDAC6-selective inhibitor and ibrutinib is a potent therapeutic strategy for NHL including FL.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Desacetilase 6 de Histona/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Linfoma Folicular/metabolismo , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Ácidos Hidroxâmicos/farmacologia , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(3): e13985, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30653103

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Considering the low incidence of colorectal follicular lymphoma (FL) and its clinical features in endoscopic views, only a few studies have described the pathological diagnosis and treatment of this disease. This study aimed to reveal the overall process of clinical diagnosis and treatment of colorectal FL by conducting a case review. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 27-year-old female presented to our department because of "severe bloody stool" lasting for more than 1 month. Her primary symptom was melena. Colonoscopy revealed widespread flat polyps with various immunophenotypes (CD10+, BCL2+, BCL6+, cyclin D1-, CD5-) in the colorectal area. DIAGNOSIS: In accordance with manifestations on positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT), the patient was diagnosed with stage IV colorectal FL. INTERVENTIONS: PET/CT reexamination after 2 courses of rituximab, cyclophosphamide, liposomal doxorubicin, vincristine sulfate, and hydroprednisone (R-CHOP) regimen and 3 courses of R-CHOP plus etoposide regimen for chemotherapy indicated a significant reduction in tumor burden. Subsequently, rituximab was administered alone in 2 treatment courses. OUTCOMES: Lesions on PET/CT disappeared after reexamination. No recurrence was observed within the 12-month follow-up period. LESSONS: Colorectal FL is a rare disease with an inert clinical course and is common in the ileocecal area. Endoscopic views show multiple polyps. Interventional treatment is usually provided after observation of clinical symptoms or during disease progression. The disease has a relatively good prognosis.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Melena/diagnóstico , Adulto , Assistência ao Convalescente , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Colonoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/metabolismo , Melena/etiologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Doenças Raras , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
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