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1.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 935559, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046785

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the factors related to large-volume central cervical lymph node metastasis (LNM) in papillary thyroid carcinoma. A retrospective study of 340 patients with 642 papillary thyroid carcinoma nodules who underwent thyroidectomy in Peking Union Medical College Hospital between 2011 and 2015 was conducted. These nodules were divided into two groups by the number of central cervical lymph node metastases: large-volume central cervical LNM (>5 metastatic lymph nodes, n = 129) and no central cervical LNM (n = 211). We evaluated the correlations between gender, age, chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, thyroid ultrasonographic features, and large-volume central cervical LNM. We found that younger age (≤40 years) (OR = 3.796, 95% CI = 2.842, 5.070), male gender (OR = 4.005, 95% CI = 2.858, 5.61), and ultrasonographic features such as tumor macroaxis size (OR = 2.985, 95% CI = 1.581, 5.633), tumor located in the isthmus (OR = 7.578, 95% CI = 4.863, 11.810), ill-defined margin (OR = 3.008, 95% CI = 1.986, 4.556), microcalcification (OR = 2.155, 95% CI = 1.585, 2.929), and abnormal cervical lymph nodes (OR = 13.753, 95% CI = 9.278, 20.385) were independent risk factors for large-volume central cervical LNM in papillary thyroid carcinoma, while chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (OR = 0.248, 95% CI = 0.172, 0.358) was a protective factor. Younger age (≤40 years), male sex, and ultrasonographic features such as tumor macroaxis size, tumor located in the isthmus, ill-defined margin, microcalcification, and abnormal cervical lymph nodes were independent risk factors for large-volume central cervical LNM in papillary thyroid carcinoma, while chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis can be considered a protective factor. Our results provide a reference for adjusting clinical treatment approaches.


Assuntos
Calcinose , Carcinoma Papilar , Doença de Hashimoto , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Adulto , Calcinose/patologia , Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Carcinoma Papilar/cirurgia , Análise Fatorial , Doença de Hashimoto/patologia , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia
2.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 902546, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051385

RESUMO

Background: Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) can only be cured by surgery, but the management of lateral lymph nodes is controversial, especially for patients with cN0+cN1a. To address this challenge, we developed a multivariate logistic regression model to predict lateral lymph node metastases (LNM). Methods: We retrospectively collected clinical data from 124 consecutive MTC patients who underwent initial surgery at our institution. The data of 82 patients (from 2010 to 2018) and 42 patients (from January 2019 to November 2019) were used as the training set for building the model and as the test set for validating the model, respectively. Results: In the training group, the multivariate analyses indicated that male and MTC patients with higher preoperative basal calcitonin levels were more likely to have lateral LNM (P = 0.007 and 0.005, respectively). Multifocal lesions and suspected lateral LNM in preoperative ultrasound (US) were independent risk factors (P = 0.032 and 0.002, respectively). The identified risk factors were incorporated into a multivariate logistic regression model to generate the nomogram, which showed good discrimination (C-index = 0.963, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.9286-0.9972). Our model was validated with an excellent result in the test set and even superior to the training set (C-index = 0.964, 95% CI: 0.9121-1.000). Conclusion: Higher preoperative basal calcitonin level, male sex, multifocal lesions, and lateral lymph node involvement suspicion on US are risk factors for lateral LNM. Our model and nomogram will objectively and accurately predict lateral LNM in patients with MTC.


Assuntos
Calcitonina , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino , Humanos , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Nomogramas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia
3.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 967044, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072932

RESUMO

Background: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA), microwave ablation (MWA), and laser ablation (LA) for the treatment of cervical metastatic lymph nodes (CMLNs) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: The Pubmed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for studies on the safety and efficacy of thermal ablations (RFA, MWA, and LA) for the treatment of CMLNs of PTC until March 30, 2022. A review of 334 potential papers identified 17 eligible papers including 312 patients. Fixed-effects model or random-effects model was used to evaluate the pooled proportions of volume reduction rate (VRR), complete disappearance, and recurrence, and pooled estimates of changes in the largest diameter, volume, and serum Tg after ablation. The pooled proportions of overall and major complications were calculated. Subgroup analysis based on treatment modalities. The heterogeneity among studies was analyzed by using Q statistics and inconsistency index I2 . MINORS scale was used to evaluate the quality of the studies. Results: 17 eligible studies were finally identified, including 312 patients and 559 CMLNs. The pooled proportions of VRR, complete disappearance and recurrence of CMLNs were 91.28% [95% confidence interval (CI): 86.60-95.97%], 67.9% [95% CI: 53.1-81.1%] and 7.8% [95%CI: 3.0-14.1%], respectively. The pooled estimates of changes in the largest diameter, volume and serum Tg were 8.12 mm [95%CI: 6.78-9.46 mm], 338.75 mm3 [95%CI: 206.85 -470.65 mm3] and 5.96 ng/ml [95%CI: 3.68-8.24 ng/ml], respectively. The pooled proportions of overall and major complications were 2.9% [95%CI: 0.3-7.1%] and 0.3% [95%CI: 0-1.9%], respectively. Significant between-study heterogeneity was observed for complete disappearance (P<0.01, I2 =88.6%), VRR (P<0.001, I2 =99.9%), recurrence (P=0.02, I2 =47.76%), overall complications (P<0.02, I2 =44.8%), and changes in the largest diameter (P < 0.001, I2 =82.6%), volume (P<0.001, I2 =97.0%), and serum Tg (P < 0.001, I2 =93.7%). Subgroup analysis showed heterogeneity of the VRR among the treatment modality (I2 range: 84.4-100%). The VRR of MWA was the highest (97.97%), followed by RFA (95.57%) and LA (84.46%) (P < 0.001). Conclusion: All thermal ablations were safe and effective for the treatment of CMLNs of PTC. However, each treatment had significant heterogeneity in VRR. Compared with RFA and MWA, LA was less effective in reducing the volume of CMLNs of PTC.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Ablação por Radiofrequência/efeitos adversos , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/etiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia
5.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 47(8): 1025-1036, 2022 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097770

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Pelvic lymph node metastasis (PLNM) is an important factor that affects the stage and prognosis of prostate cancer. Invasive extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND) is the most effective method for clinically diagnosing PLNM. Accurate preoperative prediction of PLNM can reduce unnecessary ePLND. This study aims to investigate the clinical value of radiomics nomogram in predicting PLNM of prostate cancer based on T2-weighted imaging (T2WI). METHODS: Magnetic resonance (MR) data of 71 patients with prostate cancer who underwent ePLND from January 2017 to June 2021 in Peking University First Hospital were collected retrospectively. All patients were assigned into a training set (January 2017 to December 2020, n=56, containing 186 lymph nodes) and a test set (January 2021 to June 2021, n=15, containing 45 lymph nodes) according to the examination time of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI). Two radiologists matched the dissected lymph nodes on MRI images, and manually annotated the region of interest (ROI). Based on the outlined ROI, 3 metastatic lymph node prediction models were established: Model 1 (only image features of T2WI), Model 2 (radiomics features based on random forest), and Model 3 (combination of the image and radiomics features). A nomogram was also established. The clinicopathologic characteristics of the patients were obtained from the medical records, including age, the Gleason score, the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and clinical and pathological T stage. The preoperative radiological features of the pelvic lymph nodes (LNs) include size of LNs (the short and long diameters) and volume of LNs. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of the 3 models and decision curve analysis (DCA) was used to evaluate the clinical benefits of the models. RESULTS: No significant differences were found between the training set and test set regarding age, Gleason scores, PSA level, and clinical and pathological T stage (all P>0.05). The differences in volume, short diameter and long diameter between metastatic and non-metastatic LNs were statistically significant in both training set and test set (all P<0.05). In multivariate regression analysis, the short diameter and marginal status of LNs were included in Model 1. Eighteen omics features were selected to construct Model 2. The signal distribution of LNs and Rad score were the significant risk factors for predicting metastasis of pelvic LNs in Model 3. The C-index of nomogram based on Model 3 reached 0.964, and the calibration curve showed that the model had high calibration degree. In the test set, the area under the curves of Model 1, 2, and 3 were 0.78, 0.93, and 0.96 respectively, Model 2 and Model 3 showed significantly higher diagnostic efficiency than Model 1 (Model 1 vs Model 2, P=0.019; Model 1 vs Model 3, P=0.020). There was no significant difference in the area under the curve between Model 2 and Model 3 (P=0.649). The DCA results of the 3 models showed that all models obtained higher net benefits than the PLNM-all or PLNM-none protocol in different ranges of threshold probabilities and Model 3 had the highest clinical benefit. CONCLUSIONS: The radiomics nomogram based on T2WI shows a good predictive efficacy for preoperative PLNM in patients with prostate cancer, which could be served as an imaging biomarker to optimize decision-making and adjust adjuvant treatments.


Assuntos
Antígeno Prostático Específico , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Rev Esp Patol ; 55 Suppl 1: S69-S73, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075667

RESUMO

Regression of primary renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a rare phenomenon and for several reasons many of the reported cases have been questioned. We present a case that can be considered a true spontaneous and complete regression of a primary RCC. A 79-year-old female underwent nephrectomy because a renal tumor. At the time of surgery image studies showed a small para-aortic lymph node. The tumor measured 3cm and was analyzed completely. Histology showed a fibro-inflammatory lesion with necrosis, foamy macrophages and inflammatory cells. No neoplastic cells were observed and the lesion was interpreted as a localized type of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. One year later a CT control scan, showed that the para-aortic lymph node had increased in size to 4cm. Fine needle aspiration revealed features of clear RCC. Metastatic dissemination was limited so surgical removal of the para-aortic lymph node was performed and the cytologic diagnosis confirmed.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Idoso , Biópsia por Agulha Fina , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Nefrectomia/métodos
7.
Nutrients ; 14(17)2022 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36079813

RESUMO

This study compared the efficacies of enteral cholecalciferol and/or intravenous (IV) calcitriol administration on mesenteric lymph node (MLN) cluster-of-differentiation-4-positive (CD4+) T cell distribution and intestinal barrier damage in obese mice complicated with sepsis. Mice were fed a high-fat diet for 16 weeks and then sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Mice were divided into the following sepsis groups: without vitamin D (VD) (S); with oral cholecalciferol 1 day before CLP (G); with IV calcitriol 1 h after CLP (V); and with both cholecalciferol before and IV calcitriol after CLP (GV). All mice were sacrificed at 12 or 24 h after CLP. The findings show that the S group had a higher T helper (Th)17 percentage than the VD-treated groups at 12 h after CLP. The V group exhibited a higher Th1 percentage and Th1/Th2 ratio than the other groups at 24 h, whereas the V and GV groups had a lower Th17/regulatory T (Treg) ratio 12 h post-CLP in MLNs. In ileum tissues, the VD-treated groups had higher tight junction protein and cathelicidin levels, and higher mucin gene expression than the S group at 24 h post-CLP. Also, aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and its associated cytochrome P450 1A1 and interleukin 22 gene expressions were upregulated. In contrast, levels of lipid peroxides and inflammatory mediators in ileum tissues were lower in the groups with VD treatment after CLP. These results suggest that IV calcitriol seemed to have a more-pronounced effect on modulating the homeostasis of Th/Treg subsets in MLNs. Both oral cholecalciferol before and IV calcitriol after CLP promoted cathelicidin secretion, alleviated intestinal inflammation, and ameliorated the epithelial integrity in obese mice complicated with sepsis possibly via VD receptor and AhR signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Sepse , Vitamina D , Animais , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Calcitriol/metabolismo , Calcitriol/farmacologia , Linfonodos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Obesos , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Vitamina D/metabolismo
8.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2022: 4402-4406, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36086020

RESUMO

A recently developed prototype (Laparoscopic Differential Magnetometer, in short LapDiffMag) identifies magnetic tracer accumulated inside sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) during clinical laparoscopic procedures. The LapDiffMag relies on excitation of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) and subsequent laparoscopic detection based on a nonlinear detection principle. The prototype uses an excitation coil to generate a magnetic field needed to activate SPIONs. This study reports on the process of developing a new excitation coil by describing the design choices based upon clinical requirements, by modeling delivered magnetic field using digital twin, and by comparing the magnetic fields of modeled and manufactured prototype. Digital twin technology was used to produce relevant and reliable data to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of the excitation coil. The magnetic field originating from manufactured prototype was validated at two different heights above the excitation coil and have shown a good concordance to the data generated by its digital twin. Clinical Relevance- Current standard-of-care for a variety of tumor types consists of minimally invasive radical resection of primary tumor and regional lymph nodes (LNs). The newly introduced excitation coil will (after full validation) enable minimally invasive harvesting of sentinel LNs by means of magnetic tracer detection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Linfonodo Sentinela , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Magnetismo , Neoplasias/patologia , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia , Linfonodo Sentinela/cirurgia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/métodos
9.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2022: 194-197, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36086230

RESUMO

Despite advances in MRI, the detection and characterisation of lymph nodes in rectal cancer remains complex, especially when assessing the response to neo-adjuvant treatment. An alternative approach is functional imaging, previously shown to aid characterization of cancer tissues. We report proof-of-concept of the novel technique Contrast-Enhanced Magneto-Motive Ultrasound (CE-MMUS) to recover information relating to local perfusion and lymphatic drainage, and interrogate tissue mechanical properties through magnetically induced tissue deformations. The feasibility of the proposed application was explored using a combination of pre-clinical ultrasound imaging and finite element analysis. First, contrast enhanced ultrasound imaging on one wild type mouse recorded lymphatic drainage of magnetic microbubbles after bolus injection. Second, preliminary CE-MMUS data were acquired as a proof of concept. Third, the magneto-mechanical interactions of a magnetic microbubble with an elastic solid were simulated using finite element software. Accumulation of magnetic microbubbles in the inguinal lymph node was verified using contrast enhanced ultrasound, with peak enhancement occurring 3.7 s post-injection. Preliminary CE-MMUS indicates the presence of magnetic contrast agent in the lymph node. The finite element analysis explores how the magnetic force is transferred to motion of the solid, which depends on elasticity and bubble radius, indicating an inverse relation with displacement. Combining magnetic microbubbles with MMUS could harness the advantages of both techniques, to provide perfusion information, robust lymph node delineation and characterisation based on mechanical properties. Clinical Relevance- Robust detection and characterisation of lymph nodes could be aided by visualising lymphatic drainage of magnetic microbubbles using contrast enhanced ultrasound imaging and magneto-motion, which is dependent on tissue mechanical properties.


Assuntos
Linfonodos , Microbolhas , Animais , Meios de Contraste/química , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Camundongos , Ultrassonografia/métodos
10.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2022: 4731-4735, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36086273

RESUMO

The prediction of cancer characteristics, treatment planning and patient outcome from medical images generally requires tumor delineation. In Head and Neck cancer (H&N), the automatic segmentation and differentiation of primary Gross Tumor Volumes (GTVt) and malignant lymph nodes (GTVn) is a necessary step for large-scale radiomics studies to predict patient outcome such as Progression Free Survival (PFS). Detecting malignant lymph nodes is also a crucial step for Tumor-Node-Metastases (TNM) staging and to support the decision to resect the nodes. In turn, automatic TNM staging and patient outcome prediction can greatly benefit patient care by helping clinicians to find the best personalized treatment. We propose the first model to automatically individually segment GTVt and GTVn in PET/CT images. A bi-modal 3D U-Net model is trained for multi-class and multi-components segmentation on the multi-centric HECKTOR 2020 dataset containing 254 cases. The dataset has been specifically re-annotated by experts to obtain ground truth GTVn contours. The results show promising segmentation performance for the automation of radiomics pipelines and their validation on large-scale studies for which manual annotations are not available. An average test Dice Similarity Coefficients (DSC) of 0.717 is obtained for the segmentation of GTVt. The GTVn segmentation is evaluated with an aggregated DSC to account for the cases without GTVn, which is estimated at 0.729 on the test set.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem
11.
J UOEH ; 44(3): 293-299, 2022.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089348

RESUMO

A 84-year-old female noticed erythema over her whole body for several months and was referred to our department for evaluation of her skin eruption. A physical examination revealed millet-sized erythematous papules and macules all over her body, a high body temperature, and a decreased level of consciousness. A laboratory examination showed an elevated white blood cell count (8200/µl), atypical lymphocytes (3%) and sIL-2R (4030U / ml). Computed Tomography showed systemic lymphadenopathy. A lymph node biopsy taken from the left inguinal lymph node revealed destruction of the lymph nodes, enlargement of the high endothelial venules, and atypical lymphocyte infiltration. Based on the clinical findings and laboratory examination, we diagnosed angioimmunoblastic Tcell lymphoma (AITL). AITL is a relatively rare peripheral T-cell lymphoma with severe systemic symptoms such as fever and lymph node swelling. While approximately half of all cases experience skin symptoms, which are one of the initial symptoms, it is difficult to determine the diagnosis due to the various clinical features or many non-specific rashes. We should keep in mind a differential diagnosis of lymphoma in cases of the presence of persistent eruption, systemic symptoms, and the existence of atypical lymphocytes in peripheral blood.


Assuntos
Linfadenopatia Imunoblástica , Linfadenopatia , Linfoma de Células T Periférico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Linfadenopatia Imunoblástica/diagnóstico , Linfadenopatia Imunoblástica/patologia , Linfonodos , Linfadenopatia/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/patologia
12.
Rom J Morphol Embryol ; 63(1): 129-135, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36074676

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BrCa) is the most frequent neoplastic disease in female, with high morbidity and mortality. Most of the researches were focused on tumor cells concerning their natural evolution, molecular profile, and potential response to therapy. Few and uncertain data are available about the tumor microenvironment and its impact on the progression of the disease. Mast cells (MCs) associated to BrCa have been reported many years ago, but their real and specific role in the biology of this disease remained elusive. In the current study, we have investigated the predictive role of MCs from the primary tumor on lymph node metastasis on patients stratified based on the molecular classification. We investigated 156 patients with BrCa, stratified as luminal A, luminal B, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) type, basal-like, and unclassified. MCs were identified with anti-MC tryptase antibody in a double immunohistochemical reaction combined with anti-cluster of differentiation 34 (CD34) antibody. Mast cell density (MCD) was calculated based on the hot-spot method, on three fields with maximum density of MCs in each case. The final result was the arithmetic media that was compared with the molecular profile and lymph node metastases. We found no significant correlation between MCD and the molecular profile of the primary tumor, but we noticed a strong correlation between intratumor MCD and lymph node metastases, regardless of the molecular type.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Contagem de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Mastócitos/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral
13.
Rom J Morphol Embryol ; 63(1): 209-212, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36074686

RESUMO

Intranodal schwannoma is a rare benign tumor, which originates from the peripheral nerve sheath (Schwann cells), fewer cases being reported with lymphatic involvement. We present the case of a middle-aged female patient, with one-year growing mass in the lateral-cervical area, in intimate relation with the vascular package of the neck. Preoperative cervical computed tomography examination showed the tumor features. There was no intraoperative complication, with the piece being completely removed. The morphological examination revealed the structure of a lymph node, and after Hematoxylin-Eosin staining, there were eosinophilic cytoplasm, euchromatic nuclei, with round, elongated or slightly wavy form and reduced pleomorphism, rare degenerative nuclear atypia, and no mitotic activity nor necrosis. The expression of S100 protein on immunohistochemistry, along with negative results for smooth muscle actin and desmin sustained the diagnosis of intranodal schwannoma of the neck. With a low index of cellular proliferation (Ki67), this case is in line with the reported features of schwannoma having extremely rare malignant transformation.


Assuntos
Neurilemoma , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfonodos/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico , Neurilemoma/patologia , Proteínas S100
14.
World J Surg Oncol ; 20(1): 281, 2022 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the usefulness of computed tomography (CT) texture analysis in the diagnosis of lateral pelvic lymph node (LPLN) metastasis of rectal cancer. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 45 patients with rectal cancer who underwent surgery with LPLN dissection at Tokushima University Hospital from January 2017 to December 2021. The texture analysis of the LPLNs was performed on preoperative CT images, and 18 parameters were calculated. The correlation between each parameter and pathological LPLN metastasis was evaluated. The texture parameters were compared between pathologically metastasis-positive LPLNs and metastasis-negative LPLNs. RESULTS: A total of 40 LPLNs were extracted from 25 patients by preoperative CT scans. No LPLNs could be identified in the remaining 19 patients. Eight of the 25 patients had pathologically positive LPLN metastasis. Extracted LPLNs were analyzed by the texture analysis. Pathologically metastasis-positive LPLNs had significantly lower mean Hounsfield unit, gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) energy, and GLCM Entropy_log2 values, and a significantly larger volume than pathologically metastasis-negative LPLNs. Multivariate analysis revealed that the independent predictive factors for LPLN metastasis were volume (a conventional parameter) (odds ratio 7.81, 95% confidence interval 1.42-43.1, p value 0.018) and GLCM Entropy_log2 (a texture parameter) (odds ratio 12.7, 95% confidence interval 1.28-126.0, p value 0.030). The combination of both parameters improved the diagnostic specificity while maintaining the sensitivity compared with each parameter alone. CONCLUSION: Combining the CT texture analysis with conventional diagnostic imaging may increase the accuracy of the diagnosis of LPLN metastasis of rectal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
15.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 4540176, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052030

RESUMO

In this study, we are going to investigate the effect of nano carbon combined with ex vitro anatomical sorting on the detection rate of lymph nodes (LNs) in gastric cancer (GC) along with the analysis of the correlation between LNs detection rate and patients' prognosis. The clinical data of patients undergoing radical gastrectomy in Shanxi Bethune Hospital, Shanxi Academy of Medical Sciences, Tongji Shanxi Hospital, Third Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from January 2018 to January 2019 were examined retrospectively. According to whether they adopt nano carbon tracing and specimen sorting method, patients were divided into nano carbon and control groups. The respective rate of detection and correlation of total and positive LNs, respectively, clinical treatment, tumor marker level, and long-term prognosis were matched between these groups. At the same time, the effects of the nano carbon tracer on the detection of total and positive LNs were evaluated. In nano carbon group, more LN specimens could be detected, and the number of positive LNs increased significantly. In addition, in patients with different infiltration stages and LN substations, more LNs could be detected in the nano carbon group for examination, and the detection rate of LNs with diameter less than 5 mm was also more. Furthermore, LNs (preferably positive in number) were correlated positively with the attained LNs number. Otherwise, the use of nano carbon suspension could better label LNs in each substation, especially N1 station, and improve micro-LN detection rate. At the same time, the positive metastasis rate in black-stained LNs was higher (31.67% vs. 13.51%). In relation to the clinical prognosis, CEA's level, i.e., CA199 and CA125, in the nano carbon group is controlled more effectively. Their condition was not easy to progress and relapse, and their mortality was further reduced. As a result, nano carbon, coupled with ex vitro anatomical sorting, may considerably enhance the detection rate of total and positive LNs, thereby improving the accuracy of clinical staging in GC patients, which has a good influence on their long-term prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Linfonodos/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
16.
J Immunol Res ; 2022: 6816456, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052281

RESUMO

Background: The objective of this study was to develop a nomogram that can predict lymph node metastasis (LNM) in patients with cervical adenocarcinoma (cervical AC). Methods: A total of 219 patients with cervical AC who had undergone radical hysterectomy and lymphadenopathy between 2005 and 2021 were selected for this study. Both univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to analyze the selected key clinicopathologic features and develop a nomogram and underwent internal validation to predict the probability of LNM. Results: Lymphovascular invasion (LVI), tumor size ≥ 4 cm, and depth of cervical stromal infiltration were independent predictors of LNM in cervical AC. However, the Silva pattern was not found to be a significant predictor in the multivariate model. The Silva pattern was still included in the model based on the improved predictive performance of the model observed in the previous studies. The concordance index (C-index) of the model increased from 0.786 to 0.794 after the inclusion of the Silva pattern. The Silva pattern was found to be the strongest predictor of LNM among all the pathological factors investigated, with an OR of 4.37 in the nomogram model. The nomogram developed by incorporation of these four predictors performed well in terms of discrimination and calibration capabilities (C - index = 0.794; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.727-0.862; Brier score = 0.127). Decision curve analysis demonstrated that the nomogram was clinically effective in the prediction of LNM. Conclusion: In this study, a nomogram was developed based on the pathologic features, which helped to screen individuals with a higher risk of occult LNM. As a result, this tool may be specifically useful in the management of individuals with cervical AC and help gynecologists to guide clinical individualized treatment plan.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Nomogramas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058662

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between the cervical lymph node density (LND) and the prognosis of hypopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods: The clinical and pathological data of 241 patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma who underwent surgery in Shandong Provincial ENT Hospital from January 2014 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, including 229 males and 12 females, aged 37-81 years. The LND was calculated, i.e. the ratio of the number of lymph nodes with metastasis to the total number of lymph nodes removed. The patients were divided into low LND group and high LND group based on the cutoff value of LND determined by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve). The univariate and multivariate analyses of the disease-free survival (DFS) and the overall survival (OS) were performed in two groups. Results: With the cutoff value of 0.068, 165 patients were in the low LND group (<0.068) and 76 patients in the high LND group (≥0.068). T stage, N stage, maximum lymph node diameter, extracellular invasion of lymph node, and postpharyngeal lymph node metastasis were associated with LND (statistical values were -3.15, -6.82, 23.37, 20.44, and 30.18, respectively, all P values were<0.05). The univariate analysis showed that age, T stage, N stage, maximum diameter of cervical lymph nodes, extracapsular invasion, retropharyngeal lymph node metastasis and LND were the main factors affecting the patients' DFS (χ2=9.31, 7.30, 20.09, 15.30, 9.04, 19.44, 50.27, all P values<0.05) and OS (χ2 were 5.02, 12.94, 18.28, 15.91, 7.95, 16.88, 49.45, all P values<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that patients with age≤60 years old and LND≥0.068 had reduced DFS [HR values were 0.61 (95%CI 0.43-0.88) and 2.23 (95%CI 1.44-3.45), both P values<0.05]; patients with advanced T stage and LND≥0.068 had reduced OS [HR values were 1.73 (95%CI 1.02-2.93) and 2.39 (95%CI 1.51-3.80), both P values<0.05]. Conclusion: LND is a prognostic factor for patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma after surgery, with worse prognosis in patients with LND≥0.068.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/cirurgia , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15762, 2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36130981

RESUMO

Duodenal neuroendocrine neoplasms (dNENs) are rare neoplasms but their incidence is on the rise. They are classified into 5 sub-types but there remains much heterogeneity in behaviour in particular of non-functioning dNENs. To retrospectively analyse outcomes for all types of dNENs, and highlight prognostic factors associated with worse outcome. 102 (57 m/45f.) patients were identified with mean age at diagnosis 62 (range 32-87) years. The majority were non-functioning tumours 87/102 and median size was 10 mm (range 0.9-130 mm). 83 patients had Stage I or II disease, of which 17 underwent endoscopic resection with R1 rate of 45% and complication rate 12%. 36 patients were kept under endoscopic surveillance. There were 11 deaths of which 4 were disease related. Age and Ki67 > 20% were associated with worse OS in all dNENs. In non-functioning dNENs Ki67 > 3% was a predictor of lymph nodes metastases with OR 18.2 (2.54-13) (p < 0.005) in univariate analyses and liver metastases with OR 6.79 (1.56-29.5) (p < 0.05) in the multivariate analysis. Lesions 11-20 mm in size had OR 11.1 (1.16-106) compared to lesions < 11 mm for the prediction of lymph node metastases in the multivariate analysis (p < 0.05). ROC analysis of size of non-functioning dNENs to predict LN metastases found < 15 mm had an AUROC of 0.9 (0.81-0.99) with a sensitivity of 85% and specificity of 88%. dNENs are increasing in incidence, however low grade and smaller lesions have an indolent course and the role of endoscopic resection and active surveillance needs to be reviewed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Duodenais , Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Duodenais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Duodenais/cirurgia , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67 , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/diagnóstico , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 941905, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36133315

RESUMO

This study evaluated the preoperative diagnostic value of lymph node ultrasonography in distinguishing between benign and malignant central cervical lymph nodes (CCLNs) in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). A total of 176 patients who had PTC with 216 CCLNs (49 benign and 155 malignant) were enrolled in this study and preoperatively imaged by ultrasonography, including conventional ultrasound (US) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). We evaluated the ultrasonography parameters for each lymph node. Binary logistic regression analysis indicated that multifocality of PTC and the absence of Hashimoto's thyroiditis are independent clinical features related to patients with PTC who also have malignant CCLNs. For preoperative ultrasonography features, heterogeneous enhancement and centripetal perfusion are independent ultrasonographic features to identify malignant and benign CCLNs. This study demonstrated that preoperative CEUS characteristics help to distinguish malignant CCLNs from benign CCLNs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia/métodos
20.
Curr Oncol ; 29(9): 6657-6673, 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36135092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Existing data on adding internal mammary nodal irradiation (IMNI) to the regional nodal fields are inconsistent. METHODS: Randomized trials investigating the addition of IMNI to standard adjuvant radiation were identified. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were extracted for overall-survival (OS), breast cancer specific-survival (BCSS), and disease-free survival (DFS) as well as distant-metastasis free survival (DMFS). The odds ratios (ORs) for regional and loco-regional recurrence, non-breast cancer mortality, secondary non-breast cancer, contralateral breast cancer, and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality were also extracted. RESULTS: Analysis included five trials comprising 10,994 patients, predominantly with higher risk, lymph node positive disease. Compared to the control group, IMNI was associated with significant improvement in OS (HR = 0.91, p = 0.004), BCSS (HR = 0.84, p < 0.001), DFS (HR = 0.89, p= 0.01), and DMFS (HR = 0.89, p = 0.02). IMNI was also associated with reduced odds for regional (OR = 0.58, p < 0.001) and loco-regional recurrence (OR = 0.85, p = 0.04). The odds for cardiotoxicity were not statistically significantly higher (OR = 1.23, p = 0.07). There were comparable odds for cardiovascular mortality (OR = 1.00, p = 1.00), non-breast cancer mortality (OR = 1.05, p = 0.74), secondary cancer (OR = 0.95, p = 0.51), and contra-lateral breast cancer (OR = 1.07, 95% 0.77-1.51, p = 0.68). CONCLUSIONS: Compared to the control group, the addition of IMNI in high-risk patients is associated with a statistically significant improvement in survival, albeit with a magnitude of questionable clinical meaningfulness.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia , Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Radioterapia Adjuvante
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