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1.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5617-5621, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Involvement of lymph nodes (LNs) and their surgical resection in low-grade ovarian cancer remains a field of discussion. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and pattern of distribution of lymph node metastases in patients with low-grade serous ovarian cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out in patients with primary low-grade serous ovarian cancer who underwent primary surgery including systematic lymphadenectomy. Analysis of the affected LNs along with pattern of lymphatic spread was performed. RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients who underwent systematic pelvic and para-aortal LN dissection were identified. The median age was 48 years (range=26-76 years). The majority of patients had International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage III (89.2%). A median of 41 (range=10-97) LNs were resected. LN metastases were found in 27 (72.9%) patients. In 15 (55.5%) patients, both pelvic and para-aortic LNs were affected concomitantly, in isolated para-aortal and pelvic lymph nodes in three (11.1%) and eight (29.6%) patients, respectively. The most frequently affected region was the right obturator fossa, found in 14 (51.8%) patients, followed by the left obturator fossa in 11 (40.7%) patients. CONCLUSION: Low-grade serous ovarian cancer exhibits a high percentage of lymphatic spread, with more confinement to the pelvic compared to the para-aortic region.


Assuntos
Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/epidemiologia , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Pelve/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5623-5630, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570459

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate p16 and COX2 expression in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), and evaluate the prognostic role of COX2 expression under the new TNM classification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Biopsy specimens obtained from 75 patients with OPSCC were stained for p16 and COX2 expression immunohistochemically. The results and clinical records were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Fifty-nine patients (79%) were positive for p16. COX2 expression was correlated with poor relapse-free survival in patients overall, and in p16-positive patients. Smoking was positively associated with COX2 expression. Moreover, both positive COX2 expression and anterior wall tumor subsite were independently correlated with lymph node metastasis, which was the only independent prognostic factor in p16-positive OPSCC. CONCLUSION: The p16-positive rate in this study was comparable with that in the USA and Europe, and higher than that in other Asian countries. COX2 expression might affect the prognosis of p16-positive OPSCC through promoting lymph node metastasis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Metástase Linfática/genética , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/genética , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia
3.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5721-5724, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570473

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to identify risk factors for recurrence of patients with stage III colorectal cancer by assessing clinicopathological features. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 231 patients with stage III colorectal cancer who underwent curative resection between 2006 and 2012 at the Department of Surgery of the Jikei University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. Clinicopathological data of the patients were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: The recurrence rate was 27.7% (64/231) in the study group. The univariate analysis for recurrence identified five risk factors: site of primary tumor (rectal cancer), surgical procedure (open surgery), preoperative serum CEA level (>5 ng/ml), preoperative serum CA19-9 level (>37 U/ml), and number of metastatic lymph nodes (over three metastases). The multivariate analysis for recurrence identified three risk factors: rectal cancer, preoperative serum CEA level >5.0 ng/ml 95%, and more than three metastatic lymph nodes. CONCLUSION: The risk factors for stage III colorectal cancer recurrence seem to be rectal cancer, preoperative serum CEA level >5.0 ng/ml, and more than three metastatic lymph nodes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Antígeno CA-19-9/metabolismo , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Linfonodos/metabolismo , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
4.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5767-5772, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570480

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the impact of inguinal lymph node dissection (ILND) following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) for rectal cancer patients with ILN metastasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-three patients with rectal cancer underwent NACRT followed by curative surgery between January 2005 and December 2016. Seven patients underwent ILND after NACRT for clinically-positive ILN metastasis (ILND (+) group), while the remaining 36 did not receive ILND for clinically negative ILN metastasis (ILND (-) group). Their outcomes were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Only one patient in the ILND (+) group had a local recurrence at six years after surgery. The 5-year recurrence-free survival was 100% and 65.4% in the ILND (+) and ILND (-) groups, respectively (p=0.09), and the 5-year overall survival was 100% and 83.2%, respectively (p=0.32). CONCLUSION: ILND following NACRT seems effective for rectal cancer patients with ILN metastasis.


Assuntos
Canal Inguinal/patologia , Linfonodos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Retais/radioterapia , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia/métodos , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(4): 418-422, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand Leishmania infections among employees of China Petroleum First Construction Corporation returning from Uzbekistan, and take timely actions to prevent the spread of the epidemic. METHODS: Questionnaire survey was conducted to collect screening subjects'information. Palpation of the liver, spleen and superficial lymph nodes was performed by a physician, and the lesions on the frequently exposed skin were detected by a dermatologist. In addition, the liver and spleen sizes were measured using B-mode ultrasonography, and serum samples were collected to be subjected to an rK39-based rapid diagnostic test for detection of visceral leishmaniasis. Leishmania was detected using microscopy in the specimens sampled from the lesioned skin, and the parasites species was identified using molecular assays in parasitologically positive specimens. RESULTS: Among the 181 employees screened, enlarged cervical lymph nodes were palpable in 6 subjects, and skin lesions were found in 12 cases. B-mode ultrasonography displayed hepatosplenomegaly in 5 cases, and rK39 test were positive in 3 serum samples. Two classical lesioned skin specimens were sampled, and Leishmania was detected in one specimen. The promastigote DNA was extracted and two fragments of 120 bp and 350 bp in sizes were amplified using PCR assay with K13A/K13B and L5.8S/LITSR primers specific to Leishmania. The two amplification products were 90% and 98% homologous to the corresponding sequences of L. major (GenBank accession numbers: EU370906.1 and FN677342.1). CONCLUSIONS: Six patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis were screened, including 2 uncured cases. One uncured case was diagnosed as imported cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by L. major infection.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis Importadas , Leishmania , Leishmaniose Cutânea , China/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis Importadas/diagnóstico , Doenças Transmissíveis Importadas/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis Importadas/parasitologia , DNA de Protozoário , Epidemias , Humanos , Leishmania/genética , Leishmaniose Cutânea/diagnóstico , Leishmaniose Cutânea/epidemiologia , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/patologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Baço/diagnóstico por imagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ultrassonografia , Uzbequistão
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17549, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study aimed to evaluate and compare the dosimetric parameters of incidental irradiation to internal mammary node (IMN) from inverse intensity-modulated radiotherapy (I-IMRT) and field-in-field IMRT (F-IMRT), and 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) in patients after breast-conservation surgery (BCS). METHODS: Eighty-four patients with BCS were selected. The breast, tumor bed, and IMN, including intercostal spaces (ICS) 1 to 3, were contoured. Three plans were generated. The prescription doses for the breast and tumor bed were 50.4 Gy/28 F and 60.2 Gy/28 F, respectively. If there was no tumor bed boost, patient was treated with 50 Gy/25 F for the whole breast only. The IMN was not included in planning target volume. RESULTS: The median mean dose (Dmean) of the IMNtotal (ICS 1-3) was 2740.2 cGy, 2973.9 cGy, and 2951.4 cGy for I-IMRT, F-IMRT, and 3D-CRT, respectively. Differences were not detected between any of the plans. After separating ICS 1 to 3 for further analysis, neither of the Dmean of ICS 1 to 2 was significantly different between the plans. However, for ICS 3, the median Dmean was highest for I-IMRT, and those for 3D-CRT and F-IMRT were not significantly different. After separating the 3 techniques for further analysis, the median Dmean was highest in ICS 3 and lowest in ICS 1 for all the 3 techniques. CONCLUSION: All 3 techniques failed to attain an adequate dose to cure subclinical disease, and there were no significant differences among the 3 techniques. It is risky to avoid IMN irradiation (IMNI) using any of the 3 techniques during whole-breast radiotherapy in women with indications for elective IMNI. However, in era of systematic therapy, whether the incidental dose could meet clinical acquirements needs further follow-up.


Assuntos
Mama/cirurgia , Radiometria/métodos , Radioterapia Conformacional/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Mama/patologia , Mama/efeitos da radiação , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/efeitos da radiação , Mastectomia Segmentar/métodos , Mediastino/patologia , Mediastino/efeitos da radiação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radioterapia Conformacional/métodos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Parede Torácica/efeitos da radiação
7.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(10): 901-912, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630484

RESUMO

Lateral lymph node metastasis represents a major cause of local pelvic recurrence after curative resection for mid-low rectal cancer. Considerable controversies over issues remain among eastern and western countries, with respect to the diagnosis of lateral lymph node metastasis, the multidisciplinary management regime, indication for lateral pelvic lymph node dissection, and the prognosis of surgical dissection. The purpose of this expert consensus is to improve the understanding of this condition among Chinese specialists, and to help standardizing the diagnosis and therapeutic strategies for lateral lymph node metastasis. Each statement and recommendation in this consensus were generated based on suggestions from at least three experts, agreed by a majority of experts from the Chinese expert panel. The evaluation criteria by U.S. Preventive Services Task Force was adopted for the grading of recommendations. In respect to the aforementioned controversies, the present consensus produced 21 statements on diagnosis and treatment for lateral lymph node metastasis. The pending issues in this consensus need further high-quality clinical practice and research.


Assuntos
Linfonodos/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , China , Consenso , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Retais/patologia
8.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(10): 984-989, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630498

RESUMO

Objective: To study the sensitivity of multi-slice spiral CT in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis in different lymph node stations of gastric cancer. Methods: A retrospective series of case study was employed in the research. Inclusion criteria: (1) patients undergoing preoperative abdominal CT scan plus enhanced examination, and data in the image archiving and communication system of Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center; (2) patients undergoing total or subtotal gastrectomy plus D2 or D1+ lymphadenectomy, with more than 15 harvested lymph nodes and more than 1 metastatic lymph node confirmed by postoperative pathology; (3) WHO pathological classification defined as gastric adenocarcinoma; (4) no history of lymph node tuberculosis, giant lymph node hyperplasia, lymphoma or other diseases resulting in enlarged lymph nodes; (5) no history of gastrectomy; (6) no preoperative neoadjuvant therapy. Clinicopathologic data of gastric cancer patients at the Department of Gastric and Pancreatic Surgery, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from January 2009 to December 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. Using the pathologically positive lymph nodes as a reference, the sensitivity of CT-positive lymph nodes was calculated (total number of positive image lymph nodes/total number of positive pathological lymph nodes) and complete coincidence rate (number of case defined as complete coincidence/number of case with positive pathologic lymph nodes; complete coincidence indicated that the number of positive image lymph nodes was consistent with the number of positive pathologic lymph nodes in each lymph node station). The χ(2) test was used to compare the sensitivity of CT in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis in each lymph node station. Results: A total of 228 patients with pathology-proven gastric cancer were enrolled in the study, including 147 male and 81 female. The overall sensitivity of CT in diagnosis of metastatic lymph nodes in gastric cancer was 68.7% (1769/2576). The sensitivity of CT in diagnosis of lymph node metastasis of groups 1 to 8 from high to low was group 3 [81.1% (506/624)], group 7 [73.9% (246/333)], group 2 [70.3% (111/158)], group 6 [68.7% (248/361)], group 4 [68.1% (262/385)], group 8 [60.4% (116/192)], group 1 [53.8% (155/288)], group 5 [47.1% (82/174)]. The CT diagnostic sensitivity of group 3 was significantly higher than the overall level (χ(2)=37.689, P<0.001). The CT diagnostic sensitivity of group 5 was significantly lower than the overall level (χ(2)=34.387, P<0.001). The CT diagnostic sensitivity of group 1 was also significantly lower than the overall level (χ(2)=25.918, P<0.001). Significant differences were not found in the CT diagnostic sensitivity of group 2, 4, 6, 7, 8 compared with the overall level (all P>0.05). The complete coincidence rate was 56.9% (536/942) between pathological positive lymph nodes and CT positive lymph nodes. The highest complete coincidence rate was observed in group 3 (68.0%, 123/181) and the lowest was in group 1 (41.4%, 46/111), whose difference was statistically significant (χ(2)=9.673, P=0.002). Conclusion: The sensitivity of CT in diagnosis of lymph nodes in different lymph node stations of gastric cancer is different.


Assuntos
Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral
9.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 52: e20180188, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596345

RESUMO

Reports of simultaneous infections and neoplasms in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) are occasionally seen in the literature. However, coexistent lymphoma with tuberculosis, and Kaposi sarcoma (KS) with tuberculosis occurring in the same lymph node is rare. Coexistent lesions pose diagnostic difficulties. In this article, we report two HIV-positive patients from Zimbabwe who displayed KS and tuberculosis; KS and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the same lymph node. We found only one similar case presentation in the literature, which was reported in India.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/complicações , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/complicações , Sarcoma de Kaposi/complicações , Tuberculose/complicações , Adulto , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/patologia , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Sarcoma de Kaposi/patologia , Tuberculose/patologia , Zimbábue
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17221, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574832

RESUMO

To investigate the clinicopathological features and prognostic impact of Fusobacterium nucleatum (F nucleatum) status in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and its relationships with microsatellite instability (MSI) status.Retrospective analysis of consecutive 91 CRC tissues from surgically resected specimens of stage III or high-risk stage II CRC patients who had received curative surgery in Wuhan Union Hospital from January, 2017 to January, 2019 was conducted. F nucleatum DNA was quantitatively measured and classified into 1 of the 2 categories: F nucleatum-high, or F nucleatum-low/negative. The Cox risk ratio model analysis was performed to identify independent risk factors of F nucleatum. F nucleatum-high group was compared with the F nucleatum-low/negative group with respect to clinicopathological features and their relationships with MSI status. Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used for univariate analysis of prognostic factors in patients with CRC.The number of total lymph node acquisition and positive lymph nodes, neurological invasion, vascular tumor thrombus were higher in F nucleatum-high group (27.44 ±â€Š25.213 vs 20.70 ±â€Š10.141; P = .018; 3.80 ±â€Š7.974 vs 1.74 ±â€Š3.531; P = .001; 68.0% vs 33.3%; P = .003; 60.0% vs 25.8%; P = .002). Moreover, microsatellite mutations were more frequent in patients with F nucleatum-high (84.0% vs 60.6%; P = .034). A higher abundance of F nucleatum in CRC is associated with a shorter survival time. The F nucleatum status, peripheral nerve invasion, vascular tumor thrombus, lymph node metastasis, and TNM staging were related factors affecting the prognosis of patients with CRC. The Cox risk ratio model analysis showed that the F nucleatum (odds ratio [OR] 2.094, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.178-8.122, P = .032) and MSI status (OR 2.243, 95% CI 1.136-5.865, P = 0.039) were independent prognostic factors.Intratumoral F nucleatum load has a poor prognostic effect of CRC by increasing nerve invasion, vascular tumor thrombus, and microsatellite mutation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/microbiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Idoso , Carga Bacteriana , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfonodos/microbiologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
11.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(9): 713-716, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474063

RESUMO

In the surgical treatment of breast cancer, "de-escalating" is becoming more popular, especially in the treatment of axilla. Axillary sentinel lymph node biopsy has become a routine treatment for axillary-negative breast cancer patients because it can effectively reduce the occurrence of upper limb lymphedema, so that some patients with sentinel lymph node negative can be exempted from axillary lymph node dissection. However, in recent years, several international clinical studies, such as AMAROS trial, explored the use of radiotherapy instead of dissection when 1 to 2 sentinel lymph nodes were positive. The results showed that radiotherapy can reduce the incidence of upper limb edema by nearly 50% compared with dissection. How to interpret the results of such non-inferiority studies, and how to treat the impact of axillary dissection and axillary radiotherapy on the occurrence of lymphedema? Based on the review of literature in recent 10 years, the incidence and hazard ratio of edema related to the two axillary treatments were compared. The conclusion is the hazard ratios are close to each other, around 3 for both arms. The results of clinical studies such as radiotherapy instead of axillary dissection need to be carefully interpreted. At the same time, axillary dissection is still suitable for some patients at current stage, and the corresponding prevention of upper limb lymphedema still needs attention.


Assuntos
Axila , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Linfedema/prevenção & controle , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Axila/patologia , Axila/efeitos da radiação , Axila/cirurgia , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/efeitos da radiação , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Linfedema/etiologia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/efeitos adversos , Extremidade Superior/patologia , Extremidade Superior/efeitos da radiação , Extremidade Superior/cirurgia
12.
Cancer Radiother ; 23(6-7): 682-687, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492540

RESUMO

Despite representing a 1% of diagnosed cancer cases in the USA and up to 5% in eastern Asia and Africa, oesophageal cancer still holds numerous questions concerning the best therapeutic management. For squamous cell carcinoma, while radiochemotherapy has proven itself to be the gold standard as part of the trimodality or alone as a definitive treatment, radiotherapy modalities are still debated especially regarding lymph node irradiation. Involved nodes irradiation was developed with the aim of maintaining clinical outcomes and enhancing quality of life but lacks grade 1 evidence. In this article, we aim to summarize the state of art regarding lymph node irradiation, discuss the impact of target definition, delivery techniques, concomitant treatment and the perspectives. Being highly connected to the lymph vessels, lymphatic metastases are frequent and can locate from the neck to the coeliac area with each node having a different prognostic significance. Regarding the comparison between elective nodal irradiation and involved nodes irradiation, evidence-based medicine mostly relies on retrospective studies. Pooled, it suggests similar clinical outcomes with lower acute toxicities in favour of involved nodes irradiation. However, delivery techniques, doses and concomitant treatment were not consensual. Studies are ongoing evaluating the impact of radiation delivery techniques and the choice of concomitant treatment, i.e. immunotherapy. Modern techniques of imaging, radiation therapy progressing each day and alternative treatment modalities being tested, the need of randomized controlled trials has never been so high. Elective nodal irradiation should remain the standard of care while phase 3 trials explore the safety of involved nodal irradiation.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Linfonodos/efeitos da radiação , Irradiação Linfática/métodos , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/secundário , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Esôfago/anatomia & histologia , Humanos , Linfonodos/anatomia & histologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Radioterapia Conformacional/métodos
14.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(9): 896-900, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550831

RESUMO

Neoadjuvant therapy has become an indispensable part of the treatment in locally advanced mild-low rectal cancer. Neoadjuvant therapy can cause the regression of the tumor body as well as drainage lymph nodes, which may influence the size, number, and metastatic status of the lymph nodes. In clinical practice, the total number of lymph nodes detected in rectal cancer treated with neoadjuvant therapy were significantly decreased, making it difficult to meet the standard of the NCCN guideline that at least 12 regional lymph nodes should be harvested. The optimal detection of yielded lymph nodes in rectal cancer is essential for accurate staging, response assessment, and adjuvant treatment decision. The lymph node diameter is significantly reduced after neoadjuvant therapy in locally advanced rectal cancer. In general, the number of detected lymph nodes is significantly reduced without additional pathological examination. The detected lymph nodes would increase by deliberate pathological examination, improvement of the detection method, or using a lymph node tracer. However, whether the number of detected lymph nodes is still needed to meet the requirements of the NCCN guideline, and the relationship between the number of detected lymph nodes and the prognosis are still controversial. At present, the number of negative lymph nodes, LNR, LODDS, etc. can be also used to predict prognosis in addition to ypN staging. For patients with ypN0 and ypN+ stage, different evaluation methods can be selected. For patients with ypN0, the number of detected lymph nodes still has important clinical significance for the prognosis and treatment decision. This article will introduce the related issues, and provide more evidence-based diagnosis and treatment practice.


Assuntos
Linfonodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Retais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Retais/patologia
15.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(8): 781-785, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422618

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of transanal lateral lymph node dissection for mid-low rectal cancer. Methods: A descriptive case series research method was used. Clinical and pathological data of 5 mid-low rectal cancer patients who underwent transanal lateral lymph node dissection at Department of Colorectal Surgery, the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from November 2018 to May 2019 were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Of 5 cases, 4 were male and 1 was female with mean age of (43.2±13.2) years and mean body mass index of (21.2±2.6) kg/m(2); the mean diameter of tumor was (3.2±2.4) cm; the mean distance between tumor and anus was (6.3±2.5) cm; 3 received preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy. In preoperative TNM staging, 2 cases were T3N1M0, 1 was T3cN2aM0, 1 was T3cN2bM0, and 1 was T2N1M0. All the patients had no intestinal obstruction before operation. Surgical methods: (1) total mesorectal excision: using general transanal and transabdominal methods to mobilize and resect total mesorectum, and dissect No.252, No.253 lymph nodes; (2) transanal lateral lymph node dissection: dissect the adipose lymphoid tissue on the surface of the iliococcygeal muscle, the coccygeal muscle, and the obturator muscle (the No.283 lymph nodes) upward, and dissect No.263d and No.263p lymph nodes with fat tissue sequentially till the bifurcation of the internal and external iliac artery; (3) take out the specimen from anus, and make anastomosis between proximal colon and anal canal. Intraoperative and postoperative variables was observed. Results: All the 5 patients completed surgery successfully, and no patient needed to convert to open approach. The mean operative time was (295.6±97.7) minutes, and the median intraoperative blood loss was 70 (50-500) ml. The mean length of specimen was (12.9±3.0) cm, and the mean number of harvested lymph node was 30.4±9.9. The positive lateral lymph nodes were founder in 4 patients. The median distance between tumor and distal resection margin was 1.5 (1.2-8.0) cm. The resection margin in all the patients was negative. The mean time to postoperative flatus was (4.2±1.6) days, the mean postoperative spontaneous urination was (3.0±1.9) days, time to drainage tube removal was (5.6±1.9) days, and the mean postoperative hospital stay was (9.4±2.1) days. The postoperative TNM staging by pathology was 1 case with T1N0M0, 1 with T2N1M0, 1 with T3N2bM0, and 2 with T3N2M0. Five patients were moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma. Only 1 patient developed postoperative abdominal bleeding, who was healed after conservative treatment. The other 4 patients did not develop any perioperative complications, such as incision infection, presacral abscess, pelvic abscess, anastomotic leakage, or anastomotic stricture. Four patients underwent postoperative chemotherapy. All the patients were followed up for 2 to 28 weeks after surgery and they all felt well. The patients with stoma had fluent bowel. Conclusions: Transanal lateral lymph node dissection is feasible and safe in the treatment of mid-low rectal cancer, which can achieve the purpose of extended radical resection of mid-low movement rectal cancer. Moreover, this procedure is a new method to treat rectal cancer patients with lateral lymph node metastasis.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Linfonodos/patologia , Protectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Canal Anal/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Colo/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Masculino , Mesentério/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(8): 796-800, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422622

RESUMO

The insufficiency of the examined number of lymph nodes after surgery for gastric cancer may undermine the stage of lymph node metastasis, which would have a significant impact on prognostic evaluation and strategy formulation of adjuvant therapy. Under the premise of standard D2 lymphadenectomy, the number of harvested lymph nodes is mainly dependent on the procedures of lymph node examination. Since 2013, our center has set up a special lymph node examination team. In the same year, the average number of harvested lymph nodes in each sample was 46, which was significantly higher than before (average 18 nodes/case in 2004-2012). After continuous quality improvement and regular quality control in 2014, average number of retrieved lymph nodes was 64 per specimen. Therefore, this paper summarizes the methods and experience of lymph node examination in gastric cancer specimens of general surgery in Southern Hospital. The overall construction of the lymph node examination team of gastric cancer in our center mainly includes three parts: establishment of a specialized lymph node examination team, effective standard operating procedures (SOP), and long-term and sustained quality control. The specialized lymph node examination team consists of postgraduate students who are not involved in surgery but have been trained by surgeons. Standard procedures include theoretical reserve of gastric anatomy, surgical observation to correspond to specimens in vitro and in vivo, and standardized specimen processing procedures. Long-term and sustained quality control requires periodic report of lymph node examination data and continuous feedback optimization of the process. Intraoperative lymph node tracing navigation and specimen lymph node intensification are carried out with nanocarbon and indocyanine green dye staining, and then lymph nodes are harvested based on the traditional methods, which can improve the examination rate of lymph nodes, especially for small lymph nodes. Research on lymph node tracing methods, requires multidisciplinary cooperation in particular, will become a hot topic.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/métodos , Técnicas Histológicas/normas , Excisão de Linfonodo/normas , Linfonodos/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/normas , Técnicas Histológicas/métodos , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(34): e16932, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441883

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) is a rare subtype of mature peripheral T-cell lymphoma and accounts for approximately 1% to 2% of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Although the B symptoms with generalized lymphadenopathy are the most frequent manifestations of AITL, its diagnosis remains a challenge as clinical manifestations and pathological features are frequently misleading. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report herein the case of a 70-year-old man with intermittent fever, pulmonary infection, and skin rash developed for 1 month before admission. Previously, he had undergone thyroidectomy for thyroid papillary carcinoma. Fever occurred on the day of discharge and occurred again during the next month. Symptoms worsened despite treatment with antibiotics and papular rash appeared. The local hospital diagnosed it as drug fever and stopped all antibiotics. Fever and rash were controlled temporarily; however, both relapsed 2 days before admission. On the night of admission, the patient developed fever again. Blood culture showed Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus haemolyticus infection. INTERVENTIONS: Taking into account the recent history of surgery, the patient was diagnosed with septicemia and was treated with anti-infective treatment. On 13th day after admission, the patient developed fever again accompanied by generalized lymphadenopathy. However, multiple blood cultures were negative and bone marrow aspiration cytology, biopsy, immunohistochemistry, and gene rearrangement results were normal. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was finally subjected to cervical lymph node biopsy and was diagnosed with AITL. OUTCOMES: The patient was transferred to the Department of Hematology for further treatment. CONCLUSION: This case highlights the complex diagnostic challenges of AITL. AITL accompanied by thyroid carcinoma may not be a mere coincidence and administration of antibiotics may be a rare cause of AITL.


Assuntos
Linfonodos/patologia , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/patologia , Idoso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Exantema/etiologia , Febre/etiologia , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfadenopatia/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Infecções Estafilocócicas/diagnóstico , Tireoidectomia/efeitos adversos
18.
Arq Bras Cir Dig ; 32(2): e1441, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460601

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The identification of prognostic factors of gastric cancer (GC) has allowed to predict the evolution of patients. AIM: Assess the reliability of the lymphoparietal index in the prediction of long-term survival in GC treated with curative intent. METHOD: Prospective study of the Universidad de Chile Clinical Hospital, between May 2004 and May 2012. Included all gastric cancer surgeries with curative intent. Exclusion criteria were: gastrectomies due to benign lesions, stage 4 cancers, R1 resections, palliative procedures, complete esophagogastrectomies and emergency surgeries. RESULTS: A total of 284 patients were included; of the sample 65.4% were male,mean age of 64.5 years,75% were advanced cancers, 72.5% required a total gastrectomy, 30 lymph nodes harvest. Surgical morbidity and mortality were 17.2% and 1.7%. 5-year survival was 56.9%. The N+/T index could predict long-term survival in all de subgrups (p<0.0001), although had a reliable prediction in early GC (p=0.005), advanced GC (p<0.0001), signet ring cell GC (p<0.0001), proximal GC (p<0.0001) and distal GC (p<0.0001). The ROC curves N+/T index, LNR and T classification presented areas below the curve of 0.789, 0.786 and 0,790 respectively, without a significant statistical difference (p=0.96). CONCLUSION: The N+/T index is a reliable quotient in the prognostic evaluation of gastric adenocarcinoma patients who have been resected with curative intent.


Assuntos
Linfonodos/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
19.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(8): 572-577, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422625

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the effect of standardized lymphectomy and sampling of resected lymph nodes (LN) on TNM staging of resectable pancreatic head cancer. Methods: Consecutive patients with resectable pancreatic head cancer who received standard pancreatoduodenctomy at Department of General Surgery in Beijing Hospital from December 2017 to November 2018 were recruited as study group. After operation, the surgeon sampled lymph nodes from the fresh specimen following the Japanese Gastric Cancer Guidelines.Thirty-three cases were recruited in the study group and the mean age was (59.8±15.2) years.Pathologic reports from December 2015 to November 2016 were taken as control group, containing 29 cases with age of (57.0±13.0) years. Number of lymph nodes, standard-reaching ratio and positive nodes ratio were compared between two groups. According to the seventh edition and eighth edition of TNM staging, the changes of N staging and TNM staging were analysed. The quantitative data conforming to normal distribution were tested by independent sample t test, the quantitative data not conforming to normal distribution were tested by rank sum test, and the enumeration data were analysed by χ(2) test. Results: The basal data of the two groups were comparable (all P>0.05) . The number of lymph nodes sampled in the study group was 23.27±8.87, significantly more than in control group (12.86±5.90, t=0.653, P=0.000) .Ratio of cases with more than 15 nodes was 81.8% (27/33) in the study group and 34.5% (10/29) in the control group with statistical significance (χ(2)=14.373, P=0.000) . In the study group, the positive lymph node ratios of No. 17a+17b, 14a+14b, 8a+8p LN were 36.4% (12/33) , 30.3% (10/33) and 9.1% (3/33) respectively. The positive lymph node ratio in No.14a+14b LN was higher than in No.8 LN (χ(2)=4.694, P=0.030) . According to the change in N staging system in the AJCC eighth edition, 2 cases (6.1%, 2/33) changed from ⅠB to ⅡA, 7 cases (21.2%, 7/33) from ⅡA to ⅠB and 5 cases (15.2%, 5/33) changed from ⅡB to Ⅲ (25.0%, 5/20) . Conclusions: No.14 LN should be treated as the first station rather than second station because of the anatomic character and higher metastatic ratio. Standardised lymphectomy and sampling may increase the number of LN resected and improve the TNM staging of resectable pancreatic head cancer.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo/normas , Linfonodos/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Prognóstico
20.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(8): 601-606, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422630

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic value of CT for lymph node metastasis of thoracic esophageal carcinoma with a diameter of more than 1 cm, and to find the optimal diagnostic index by comparing relevant CT indexes. Methods: Totally 80 patients with pathologically proved thoracic esophageal cancer with preoperative CT examination revealed lymph node diameter greater than 1 cm admitted at Department of Thoracic Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China from January 2016 to January 2018 were enrolled in this study. There were 70 males and 10 females, aging of (60±14) years (range: 40-85 years). According to the pathological result of lymph nodes, all the patients and lymph nodes were divided into two groups (N+group: 47 patients, 62 lymph nodes; N-group: 33 patients, 39 lymph nodes). The average number of dissected lymph nodes were 21±4 and 101 lymph nodes' diameter were greater than 1 cm. The clinicopathologic factors, postoperative complications, lymph node dissection and relevant CT indexes like the minimum diameter of lymph nodes (Min D), the maximum diameter of lymph node (Max D), lymph node axial ratio(LAR), the enhancement of lymph node (ELN) and the boundary of lymph node (BLN) were compared. The clinicopathological data, lymph node dessection and CT parameters of the two groups were compared by t test, χ(2) test or Wilcoxon rank sum test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to compare the ability to predict lymph node metastasis between Min D, Max D, LAR, ELN and BLN. Multiple Logistic regression analysis were performed to determine the independent variables for prediction of lymph node metastasis. Results: The difference of tumor segmentation, pN stage, pTNM stage, total number of metastatic lymph nodes, total number of abdominal lymph node metastases, Min D, Max D, ELN and BLN between the two groups were statistically significant. The results of univariate and multivariate analyses showed that gender (OR=0.128, 95%CI: 0.019 to 0.858, P=0.034), pTNM stage (OR=1.514, 95%CI: 1.020 to 2.247, P=0.039), Min D (OR=0.102, 95%CI: 0.010 to 0.995, P=0.050) and LAR (OR=0.195, 95%CI: 0.052 to 0.731, P=0.015) were the independent relative factors. The area under the curve of ROC curve analysis of Min D, Max D, LAR, ELN and BLN were 0.679, 0.666, 0.561, 0.650 and 0.820, respectively. BLN was the best CT index to diagnosis lymph node metastasis, while the accuracy of dignosis of lymph node metastasis of BLN was 97.0%. The Youden index of Min D, Max D and LAR were 1.25 cm, 1.64 cm and 0.77, respectively. Combining the BLN and ELN had a higher diagnostic rate (97.0%) of lymph node metastasis. Conclusions: CT has high diagnostic value for lymph node metastasis in thoracic esophagel cancer when the lymph node diameter is greater than 1 cm. BLN is the best diagnostic index for lymph node metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tórax/diagnóstico por imagem , Tórax/patologia
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