Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 41.640
Filtrar
1.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3392, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174996

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to analyze in the scientific literature the educational technologies on sexually transmitted infections used in health education for incarcerated women. METHOD: an integrative review carried out by searching for articles in the following databases: Scopus, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health, Education Resources Information Center, PsycInFO, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Latin American Literature in Health Sciences, Cochrane, and the ScienceDirect electronic library. There were no language and time restrictions. A search strategy was developed in PubMed and later adapted to the other databases. RESULTS: a total of 823 studies were initially identified and, after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, eight articles were selected. Most of them were developed in the United States with a predominance of randomized clinical trials. The technologies identified were of the printed materials type, isolated or associated to simulators of genital organs, videos, and games. CONCLUSION: the technologies on sexually transmitted infections used in health education for incarcerated women may contribute to adherence to the prevention of this serious public health problem in the context of deprivation of liberty.


Assuntos
Prisioneiros , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Tecnologia Educacional , Feminino , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Idioma , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle
2.
Isr J Health Policy Res ; 9(1): 58, 2020 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The heavy reliance on remote patient care (RPC) during the COVID-19 health crisis may have expedited the emergence of digital health tools that can contribute to safely and effectively moving the locus of care from the hospital to the community. Understanding how laypersons interpret the personal health information accessible to them via electronic patient records (EPRs) is crucial to healthcare planning and the design of services. Yet we still know little about how the format in which personal medical information is presented in the EPR (numerically, verbally, or graphically) affects individuals' understanding of the information, their assessment of its gravity, and the course of action they choose in response. METHODS: We employed an online questionnaire to assess respondents' reactions to 10 medical decision-making scenarios, where the same information was presented using different formats. In each scenario, respondents were presented with real (anonymized) patient lab results using either numeric expressions, graphs, or verbal expressions. Participants were asked to assess the gravity of the hypothetical patient's condition and the course of action they would follow if they were that patient. The questionnaire was distributed to more than 300 participants, of whom 225 submitted usable responses. RESULTS: Laypersons were more likely to overestimate the gravity of the information when it was presented either numerically or graphically compared to the narrative format. High perceived gravity was most likely to produce an inclination to actively seek medical attention, even when unwarranted. "Don't know" responses were most likely to produce an inclination to either search the Internet or wait for the doctor to call. POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS: We discuss the study's implications for the effective design of lab results in the patient portals. We suggest (1) that graphs, tables, and charts would be easier to interpret if coupled with a brief verbal explanation; (2) that highlighting an overall level of urgency may be more helpful than indicating a diversion from the norm; and (3) that statements of results should include the type of follow-up required.


Assuntos
Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina , Comunicação em Saúde/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Portais do Paciente , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Gráficos por Computador , Feminino , Humanos , Idioma , Masculino , Conceitos Matemáticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
4.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 92(suppl 2): e20181263, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084755

RESUMO

English is the lingua franca for scientific communication, but some journals, especially in developing countries, still publish non-English studies. A shift towards publishing in English may promote internationalization and more visibility of scientific journals. Here we compared quality indexes between Brazilian journals that have always published in English and journals that have published in languages other than English. We also investigated whether a temporal shift towards publishing in English led to elevated quality measures. Our analyses covered 16 Brazilian biodiversity journals and accounted for 12640 papers published since 2007. The mean impact factor was on average 55% higher in journals that have published consistently in English, compared to the so-called multilanguage journals. The proportion of publications in English increased to nearly three times the original value in multilanguage journals between 2007 and 2016, and the impact factor tripled during this period. At the same time, the Qualis-Capes classifications (B1-B2-B3) tended to fall. Publishing in English can be a first step to increased visibility, and this is particularly important for biodiversity journals, since Brazilian ecosystems are considered of interest to the international scientific community and nature conservation.


Assuntos
Fator de Impacto de Revistas , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Biodiversidade , Brasil , Ecossistema , Idioma , Editoração
5.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 273: 3-20, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087589

RESUMO

Multidisciplinary and highly dynamic pHealth ecosystems according to the 5P Medicine paradigm require careful consideration of systems integration and interoperability within the domains knowledge space. The paper addresses the different aspects or levels of knowledge representation (KR) and management (KM) from cognitive theories (theories of knowledge) and modeling processes through notation up to processing, tooling and implementation. Thereby, it discusses language and grammar challenges and constraints, but also development process aspects and solutions, so demonstrating the limitation of data level considerations. Finally, it presents the ISO 23903 Interoperability and Integration Reference Architecture to solve the addressed problems and to correctly deploy existing standards and work products at any representational level including data models as well as data model integration and interoperability.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Integração de Sistemas , Idioma
6.
Harefuah ; 159(10): 764-768, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33103398

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The recognition of the newborn as a separate patient with special unique needs and rights began relatively late compared to other medical disciplines. This process occurred concomitantly with the development of modern neonatology in the country and the establishment of special care nurseries. The process included organization of skilled teams, standardization of treatment methods, introduction of standardized language and practices, and teamwork optimization. The importance of providing support to a newborn in distress after birth - in the first minute, and as needed for the first hour of his life, coined as "The Golden Hour", is highlighted in the training sessions in the program. These principles are conveyed today in multiple simulation-based training courses of multidisciplinary teams taking place in most Israeli hospitals, based on the recommendations of the leading organizations in the field and following the consensus statements outlined by the International Liaison Committee for Resuscitation (ILCOR). This article describes the processes that enabled present achievements, and the goals for further future improvements in the outcomes of newborn resuscitation in Israel.


Assuntos
Ressuscitação , Consenso , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Israel , Idioma , Neonatologia
7.
Hastings Cent Rep ; 50(5): 20-29, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095486

RESUMO

There are two widespread beliefs about the use of metaphors in clinical medicine. The first is that military metaphors are harmful to patients and should be discouraged in medical practice. The second is that the metaphors of clinical practice can be judged by and standardized in reference to neutral criteria. In this article, I evaluate both these beliefs, exposing their shared flawed logic. This logic underwrites the false empiricist assumptions that metaphorical language and literal language are fundamentally distinct, play separate roles in communication, and therefore can be independently analyzed, systematized, and prescribed. Next, using the resources of ordinary language philosophy, I lay out a theoretical view of medical metaphors that is grounded in metaphor use within clinician-patient relationships. Finally, drawing on the work of philosopher Max Black, I diagram a practical conceptual framework for clinicians to use when they consider whether a metaphor is appropriate for a specific patient encounter.


Assuntos
Metáfora , Verduras , Pai , Humanos , Idioma , Masculino , Núcleo Familiar
8.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5240, 2020 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067457

RESUMO

Spoken language, both perception and production, is thought to be facilitated by an ensemble of predictive mechanisms. We obtain intracranial recordings in 37 patients using depth probes implanted along the anteroposterior extent of the supratemporal plane during rhythm listening, speech perception, and speech production. These reveal two predictive mechanisms in early auditory cortex with distinct anatomical and functional characteristics. The first, localized to bilateral Heschl's gyri and indexed by low-frequency phase, predicts the timing of acoustic events. The second, localized to planum temporale only in language-dominant cortex and indexed by high-gamma power, shows a transient response to acoustic stimuli that is uniquely suppressed during speech production. Chronometric stimulation of Heschl's gyrus selectively disrupts speech perception, while stimulation of planum temporale selectively disrupts speech production. This work illuminates the fundamental acoustic infrastructure-both architecture and function-for spoken language, grounding cognitive models of speech perception and production in human neurobiology.


Assuntos
Córtex Auditivo/fisiopatologia , Epilepsia/fisiopatologia , Estimulação Acústica , Adulto , Córtex Auditivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Mapeamento Encefálico , Epilepsia/diagnóstico por imagem , Epilepsia/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Idioma , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Fala , Percepção da Fala , Adulto Jovem
9.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239359, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027273

RESUMO

Environmental parameters constrain the distributions of plant and animal species. A key question is to what extent does environment influence human behavior. Decreasing linguistic diversity from the equator towards the poles suggests that ecological factors influence linguistic geography. However, attempts to quantify the role of environmental factors in shaping linguistic diversity remain inconclusive. To this end, we apply Ecological Niche Modelling methods to present-day language diversity in New Guinea. We define an Eco-Linguistic Niche (ELN) as the range of environmental conditions present in the territory of a population speaking a specific language or group of languages characterized by common language traits. In order to reconstruct the ELNs, we used Papuan and Austronesian language groups, transformed their geographical distributions into occurrence data, assembled available environmental data for New Guinea, and applied predictive architectures developed in the field of ecology to these data. We find no clear relationship between linguistic diversity and ELNs. This is particularly true when linguistic diversity is examined at the level of language groups. Language groups are variably dependent on environment and generally share their ELN with other language groups. This variability suggests that population dynamics, migration, linguistic drift, and socio-cultural mechanisms must be taken into consideration in order to better understand the myriad factors that shape language diversity.


Assuntos
Idioma , Meio Ambiente , Humanos , Linguística , Nova Guiné , Dinâmica Populacional
10.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 6111-6114, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019365

RESUMO

This study describes a fully automated method of expressive language assessment based on vocal responses of children to a sentence repetition task (SRT), a language test that taps into core language skills. Our proposed method automatically transcribes the vocal responses using a test-specific automatic speech recognition system. From the transcriptions, a regression model predicts the gold standard test scores provided by speech-language pathologists. Our preliminary experimental results on audio recordings of 104 children (43 with typical development and 61 with a neurodevelopmental disorder) verifies the feasibility of the proposed automatic method for predicting gold standard scores on this language test, with averaged mean absolute error of 6.52 (on a observed score range from 0 to 90 with a mean value of 49.56) between observed and predicted ratings.Clinical relevance-We describe the use of fully automatic voice-based scoring in language assessment including the clinical impact this development may have on the field of speech-language pathology. The automated test also creates a technological foundation for the computerization of a broad array of tests for voice-based language assessment.


Assuntos
Patologia da Fala e Linguagem , Voz , Criança , Humanos , Idioma , Desenvolvimento da Linguagem , Testes de Linguagem
11.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239524, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027268

RESUMO

Experts are typically advised to avoid jargon when communicating with the general public, but previous research has not established whether avoiding jargon is necessary in a crisis. Using the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic as a backdrop, this online survey experiment (N = 393) examined the effect of jargon use across three different topics that varied in situational urgency: COVID-19 (high urgency), flood risk (low urgency), and federal emergency policy (control). Results revealed that although the use of jargon led to more difficult processing and reduced persuasion for the two less-urgent topics (flood risk, emergency policy), there was no effect of jargon in the COVID-19 condition. Theoretically, these findings suggest that the motivation to process information is an important moderator for crisis communication in particular and science communication in general. Practically, these findings suggest that science communicators, during times of crisis, do not need to "dumb down" their language in the same way they should during non-crises.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Comunicação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Disseminação de Informação , Idioma , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Vocabulário , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Emergências , Feminino , Inundações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoal de Laboratório Médico/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 5292-5295, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019178

RESUMO

Clinical text classification is an indispensable and extensively studied problem in medical text processing. Existing research primarily employs machine learning and pattern based approaches to address the stated problem. In general, pattern based approaches perform better than other methods. However, these approaches commonly require human intervention for pattern identification, which diminish their benefits and restrain their applications. In this study, we present a novel pattern extraction algorithm, which identifies and extracts patterns from clinical textual resources, automatically. The algorithm identifies the candidate concepts in the clinical text, finds the context of the concepts by discovering their context windows, and finally transforms each context window to a pattern. We evaluate our proposed algorithm on Hypertension, Rhinosinusitis, and Asthma guidelines. 70% of the hypertension guideline was used for pattern extraction while the remaining 30% and the other two guidelines were used for evaluations. The algorithm extracts 21 patterns that classify Hypertension, Rhinosinusitis, and Asthma guidelines sentences to the recommendation and non-recommendation sentences with 84.53%, 80.03%, and 84.62% accuracy, respectively. The initial results reveal the benefits and applicability of the algorithm for clinical text classification.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Humanos , Idioma
13.
Ann Biol Clin (Paris) ; 78(5): 499-518, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026346

RESUMO

The French society of clinical biology "Biochemical markers of COVID-19" has set up a working group with the primary aim of reviewing, analyzing and monitoring the evolution of biological prescriptions according to the patient's care path and to look for markers of progression and severity of the disease. This study covers all public and private sectors of medical biology located in metropolitan and overseas France and also extends to the French-speaking world. This article presents the testimonies and data obtained for the "Overseas and French-speaking countries" sub-working group made up of 45 volunteer correspondents, located in 20 regions of the world. In view of the delayed spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, the overseas regions and the French-speaking regions have benefited from feedback from the first territories confronted with COVID-19. Thus, the entry of the virus or its spread in epidemic form could be avoided, thanks to the rapid closure of borders. The overseas territories depend very strongly on air and/or sea links with the metropolis or with the neighboring continent. The isolation of these countries is responsible for reagent supply difficulties and has necessitated emergency orders and the establishment of stocks lasting several months, in order to avoid shortages and maintain adequate patient care. In addition, in countries located in tropical or intertropical zones, the diagnosis of COVID-19 is complicated by the presence of various zoonoses (dengue, Zika, malaria, leptospirosis, etc.).


Assuntos
Serviços de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Medicina de Viagem/organização & administração , Adulto , África/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bélgica/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Biomarcadores/análise , Biomarcadores/sangue , Camboja/epidemiologia , Criança , Serviços de Laboratório Clínico/organização & administração , Serviços de Laboratório Clínico/estatística & dados numéricos , Busca de Comunicante/métodos , Busca de Comunicante/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Ilhas/epidemiologia , Idioma , Laos/epidemiologia , Louisiana/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoal de Laboratório Médico/organização & administração , Pessoal de Laboratório Médico/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise de Sobrevida , Medicina de Viagem/métodos , Medicina de Viagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença Relacionada a Viagens , Clima Tropical , Medicina Tropical/métodos , Medicina Tropical/organização & administração , Medicina Tropical/estatística & dados numéricos , Vietnã/epidemiologia
14.
Zootaxa ; 4852(1): zootaxa.4852.1.9, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056714

RESUMO

Markevich (1940) established Pseudolepeophtheirus Markevich, 1940 for Pseudolepeophtheirus longicauda Markevich, 1940 based on copepods collected from the pleuronectid fish Platichthys stellatus (Pallas, 1787). Dojiri Ho (2013) synonymized the genus and the species with Lepeophtheirus Nordmann, 1832 and Lepeophtheirus parvicruris Fraser, 1920, respectively. Later, Homma et al. (2020) resurrected Markevich's species as a member of Lepeophtheirus, i.e., as L. longicauda (Markevich, 1940). The last component of the names of both genera is 'phtheirus' (transliterated from the Greek φθειρ; Nordmann 1832: 30), a masculine noun, and thus under Article 30.1.2 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (hereinafter, Code; International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 1999), both generic names are also masculine. The species-group name longicauda might be regarded as either a noun in apposition or as an adjective in the feminine gender, and Markevich (1940) did not specify his intention in this regard. Bearing in mind that 'cauda', meaning 'tail', actually is a feminine Latin noun and that Markevich did not change the final '-a' to '-us' to match the masculine gender of the genus, we deem that longicauda Markevich, 1940 is a noun in apposition, a position supported by Article 31.2.2 of the Code.


Assuntos
Linguado , Nomes , Animais , Idioma
15.
Anaesth Intensive Care ; 48(5): 411-414, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021805

Assuntos
Idioma
16.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5115, 2020 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037228

RESUMO

Recurrent neural networks have led to breakthroughs in natural language processing and speech recognition. Here we show that recurrent networks, specifically long short-term memory networks can also capture the temporal evolution of chemical/biophysical trajectories. Our character-level language model learns a probabilistic model of 1-dimensional stochastic trajectories generated from higher-dimensional dynamics. The model captures Boltzmann statistics and also reproduces kinetics across a spectrum of timescales. We demonstrate how training the long short-term memory network is equivalent to learning a path entropy, and that its embedding layer, instead of representing contextual meaning of characters, here exhibits a nontrivial connectivity between different metastable states in the underlying physical system. We demonstrate our model's reliability through different benchmark systems and a force spectroscopy trajectory for multi-state riboswitch. We anticipate that our work represents a stepping stone in the understanding and use of recurrent neural networks for understanding the dynamics of complex stochastic molecular systems.


Assuntos
Idioma , Memória , Modelos Estatísticos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Inteligência Artificial , Dipeptídeos/química , Cinética , Cadeias de Markov , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Imagem Individual de Molécula
17.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 3864-3868, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018844

RESUMO

Augmentative and alternative communication devices (AAC) can help support communication for millions of people who have differences in speech and language abilities. Existing commercial devices do not meet all the diverse needs of some individuals. Interviews and surveys were conducted with individuals who have speech or language challenges (n=4 interviews; n=15 survey respondents), or their loved ones (n=9 interviews, n=49 survey respondents). Summaries of communication practices, usage preferences, and ratings of hypothetical devices are shown. We consolidate and present qualitative feedback on user difficulties and likes for types of available commercial devices. The collected quantitative data has been de-identified and published and may be useful for others working with AAC devices and users. Building on our results, we discuss how three directions for impactful AAC development - customizable input, context-aware output, and personalized devices - could help meet the needs expressed by survey respondents in the context of technological advancements and research in the field.


Assuntos
Idioma , Fala , Conscientização , Comunicação , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0237725, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886665

RESUMO

Technological developments in recent decades have increased young people's engagement with screen-based technologies (screen time), and a reduction in young people's contact with nature (green time) has been observed concurrently. This combination of high screen time and low green time may affect mental health and well-being. The aim of this systematic scoping review was to collate evidence assessing associations between screen time, green time, and psychological outcomes (including mental health, cognitive functioning, and academic achievement) for young children (<5 years), schoolchildren (5-11 years), early adolescents (12-14 years), and older adolescents (15-18 years). Original quantitative studies were identified in four databases (PubMed, PsycInfo, Scopus, Embase), resulting in 186 eligible studies. A third of included studies were undertaken in Europe and almost as many in the United States. The majority of studies were cross-sectional (62%). In general, high levels of screen time appeared to be associated with unfavourable psychological outcomes while green time appeared to be associated with favourable psychological outcomes. The ways screen time and green time were conceptualised and measured were highly heterogeneous, limiting the ability to synthesise the literature. The preponderance of cross-sectional studies with broadly similar findings, despite heterogeneous exposure measures, suggested results were not artefacts. However, additional high-quality longitudinal studies and randomised controlled trials are needed to make a compelling case for causal relationships. Different developmental stages appeared to shape which exposures and outcomes were salient. Young people from low socioeconomic backgrounds may be disproportionately affected by high screen time and low green time. Future research should distinguish between passive and interactive screen activities, and incidental versus purposive exposure to nature. Few studies considered screen time and green time together, and possible reciprocal psychological effects. However, there is preliminary evidence that green time could buffer consequences of high screen time, therefore nature may be an under-utilised public health resource for youth psychological well-being in a high-tech era.


Assuntos
Natureza , Psicologia , Tempo de Tela , Adolescente , Criança , Geografia , Humanos , Idioma , Publicações , Fatores Socioeconômicos
20.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239444, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32986726

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Infection prevention and speaking up on errors are core qualities of health care providers. Heuristic effects (e.g. overconfidence) may impair behavior in daily routine, while speaking up can be inhibited by hierarchical barriers and medical team factors. Aim of this investigation was to determine, how medical students experience these difficulties for hand hygiene in daily routine. METHODS: On the base of prior investigations we developed a questionnaire with 5-point Likert ordinal scaled items and free text entries. This was tested for validity and reliability (Cronbach's Alpha 0.89). Accredited German, Swiss and Austrian universities were contacted and medical students asked to participated in the anonymous online survey. Quantitative statistics used parametric and non-parametric tests and effect size calculations according to Lakens. Qualitative data was coded according to Janesick. RESULTS: 1042 undergraduates of 12 universities participated. All rated their capabilities in hand hygiene and feedback reception higher than those of fellow students, nurses and physicians (p<0.001). Half of the participants rating themselves to be best educated, realized that faulty hand hygiene can be of lethal effect. Findings were independent from age, sex, academic course and university. Speaking-up in case of omitted hand hygiene was rated to be done seldomly and most rare on persons of higher hierarchic levels. Qualitative results of 164 entries showed four main themes: 1) Education methods in hand hygiene are insufficient, 2) Hierarchy barriers impair constructive work place culture 3) Hygiene and feedback are linked to medical ethics and 4) There is no consequence for breaking hygiene rules. DISCUSSION: Although partially limited by the selection bias, this study confirms the overconfidence-effects demonstrated in post-graduates in other settings and different professions. The independence from study progress suggests, that the effect occurs before start of the academic course with need for educational intervention at the very beginning. Qualitative data showed that used methods are insufficient and contradictory work place behavior in hospitals are frustrating. Even 20 years after "To err is human", work place culture still is far away from the desirable.


Assuntos
Cognição , Higiene das Mãos , Idioma , Competência Profissional , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Segurança do Paciente , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA