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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(83): 12559-12562, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577294

RESUMO

A fluorescent dye, 2,3-dicyanohydroquinone (DCH), was optimized for use as a new matrix for positive-ion MALDI-MS imaging, and it provided enhanced lipid detection and imaging in biological tissues. The properties of DCH, include a strong ultraviolet absorption, low volatility in a high-vacuum (∼10-7 mbar) source, super chemical stability, µm-sized matrix crystals, uniform matrix deposition, and high ionization efficiency for the detection of lipids.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Hidroquinonas/química , Lipídeos/análise , Fígado/química , Sementes/química , Animais , Brassicaceae/química , Camundongos , Ratos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz
2.
Food Chem ; 301: 125263, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377622

RESUMO

The nutritional and sensory quality of a fish fillet is subject to alterations depending on the culinary method used for preparation. The current study aimed to explore the effects of custom culinary preparation methods (steaming, oven-cooking, frying) on the fillet lipid and sensory quality of two important Mediterranean farmed fish species varying in their tissue fat content. These included, lean meagre and medium-fat gilthead seabream. The results indicated that culinary treatment effects on lipid quality differed among species, especially for frying. Frying created unique sensory profiles, whereas steam- and oven-cooking resulted in similar sensory profiles per species. The variable effects of culinary treatments on the lipid and sensory quality indicate that the choice of preparation method should be related to the fish species and its fat content.


Assuntos
Aquicultura , Lipídeos/análise , Dourada , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Paladar , Animais , Culinária , Especificidade da Espécie
3.
Food Chem ; 301: 125198, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374533

RESUMO

The experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of five rubber seed oil (RSO) levels (0, 1%, 2%, 4%, and 6%) on hens laying performance, egg quality, and yolks fatty acid composition and cholesterol contents. Three hundred and sixty 30-week-old Lohmann Brown laying hens were allotted to 5 groups. The results showed that the egg production was increased in 4% RSO group (P < 0.05), but egg quality parameters and the contents of dry matter, lipid, and protein in yolks were not influenced among treatments (P > 0.05). Yolk cholesterol contents were reduced in RSO supplemental groups (P < 0.05). The concentration of total n-3 PUFA in yolks increased gradually while the ratio of n-6/n-3 decreased gradually with increasing dietary RSO levels (P < 0.001). In conclusion, dietary RSO supplementation increased yolk n-3 PUFA levels, improved yolk color, and reduced yolk cholesterol contents without negative influence on laying performance parameters.


Assuntos
Ração Animal , Galinhas , Colesterol/metabolismo , Gema de Ovo/química , Gorduras Insaturadas/farmacologia , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/metabolismo , Animais , Galinhas/metabolismo , Colesterol/análise , Suplementos Nutricionais , Gema de Ovo/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/análise , Feminino , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Lipídeos/análise
4.
J Chem Ecol ; 45(8): 673-683, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407198

RESUMO

Animals modulate intraspecific signal shape and intensity, notably during reproductive periods. Signal variability typically follows a seasonal scheme, traceable through the expression of visual, acoustic, chemical and behavioral patterns. The chemical channel is particularly important in lizards, as demonstrated by well-developed epidermal glands in the cloacal region that secrete lipids and proteins recognized by conspecifics. In males, the seasonal pattern of gland activity is underpinned by variation of circulating androgens. Changes in the composition of lipid secretions convey information about the signaler's quality (e.g., size, immunity). Presumably, individual identity is associated with a protein signature present in the femoral secretions, but this has been poorly investigated. For the first time, we assessed the seasonal variability of the protein signal in relation to plasma testosterone level (T), glandular activity and the concentration of provitamin D3 in the lipid fraction. We sampled 174 male common wall lizards (Podarcis muralis) over the entire activity season. An elevation of T was observed one to two months before the secretion peak of lipids during the mating season; such expected delay between hormonal fluctuation and maximal physiological response fits well with the assumption that provitamin D3 indicates individual quality. One-dimensional electrophoretic analysis of proteins showed that gel bands were preserved over the season with an invariant region; a result in agreement with the hypothesis that proteins are stable identity signals. However, the relative intensity of bands varied markedly, synchronously with that of lipid secretion pattern. These variations of protein secretion suggest additional roles of proteins, an issue that requires further studies.


Assuntos
Glândulas Exócrinas/metabolismo , Lipídeos/análise , Lagartos/fisiologia , Proteínas de Répteis/análise , Animais , Desidrocolesteróis/análise , Eletroforese em Gel de Campo Pulsado , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipídeos/química , Masculino , Análise de Componente Principal , Estações do Ano , Comportamento Sexual Animal , Testosterona/sangue
5.
Life Sci ; 233: 116728, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31386877

RESUMO

Impaired wound healing is a serious concern of uncontrolled hyperglycemia that can lead to gangrene, and even death. There is an urgent need to look for better alternative therapy because of the undesirable side effects of currently available synthetic drugs in the market. Syringic acid (SA) is a natural phenolic compound abundantly available in edible fruits and plants. In this study, wound healing activities of 2.5% and 5.0% SA were evaluated in type 2 diabetic rats using incisional wound model. SA-treated diabetic wounds showed faster rate of wound closure and epithelization with enhanced contents of hydroxyproline and protein compared to diabetic wounds. SA effectively prevents alterations in blood glucose levels, serum insulin and dyslipidemia in diabetic wound rats. The SA-treated diabetic wounds after 14 days of treatment demonstrated inhibition of pro-inflammatory response (NF-κB p65, TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-8 and IL-2) with improvement in anti-inflammatory response (IL-10), inhibited the elevated oxidative stress and decreased the concentrations of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2, -8 and -9) and increased the concentrations of TIMP-1 & TIMP- 2. Furthermore, the diabetic wounds were presented with an increase in expression of CD 31 and 68, growth factors (TGF-ß1, collagen-I and α-SMA and VEGF) with significant improvement in collagen deposition, re-epithelialization and complete skin structure as revealed by histological analysis after treatment of diabetic wounds with SA for 14 days. Hence, the results of this study designate that SA significantly improves wound healing in diabetic rats and could be used as a potential therapy for treatment of diabetic wounds.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Gálico/análogos & derivados , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Ácido Gálico/farmacologia , Insulina/sangue , Lipídeos/análise , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
6.
Cornea ; 38(9): 1169-1174, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261179

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Meibum is considered to be a key component of tears that serve to protect the eye, and conformational changes in meibum have not been studied extensively within the population of patients who had hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The aim of this study was to determine possible lipid conformational changes in the meibum of patients who had HSCT. METHODS: Participants who had HSCT were randomly sampled for this prospective comparative study. Control participants did not have dry eye or had not undergone allogeneic or autologous stem cell transplantation. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy was used to measure meibum phase transition. RESULTS: Meibum was collected from both eyes of 36 donors without dry eye (Mc) and from 22 patients who had undergone HSCT (MHSCT). There were no significant differences between the phase transition parameters based on gender or race. The following were the significant differences (P < 0.0001) between the parameters for Mc compared with MHSCT : lipid order (% trans) at 33.4°C increased from 40 (1) to 54 (2), cooperativity decreased from 7.9 (0.4) to 5.4 (0.3), the phase transition temperature (C) increased from 30.3 (0.4) to 34.2 (0.9), and the magnitude of the phase transition (cm) increased from 4.0 (0.1) to 4.7 (0.5) (standard error of the mean). CONCLUSIONS: Conformational and thermodynamic differences were observed between Mc and MHSCT. The changes observed in the lipid conformation of meibum from patients receiving HSCTs suggest that meibum composition changes after stem cell transplantation, and clinicians should consider treating the meibomian glands to improve the ocular surface.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Lipídeos/análise , Glândulas Tarsais/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Transplante Autólogo , Adulto Jovem
7.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1140: 99-109, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31347043

RESUMO

Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) of tissue samples is a promising analytical tool that has quickly become associated with biomedical and pharmacokinetic studies. It eliminates several labor-intensive protocols associated with more classical imaging techniques, and provides accurate, histological data at a rapid pace. Because mass spectrometry is used as the readout, MSI can be applied to almost any molecule, especially those that are biologically relevant. Many examples of its utility in the study of peptides and proteins have been reported; here we discuss its value in the mass range of small molecules. We explore its success and potential in the analysis of lipids, medicinals, and metal-based compounds by featuring representative studies from mass spectrometry imaging laboratories around the globe.


Assuntos
Lipídeos/análise , Espectrometria de Massas , Metais/análise , Preparações Farmacêuticas/análise , Humanos
8.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1140: 317-326, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31347056

RESUMO

Lipids play significant roles in biological system, and the study of lipid metabolisms may provide a new insight into the diagnosis and pathophysiology of diseases. Recent developments in high-resolution mass spectrometry techniques combined with high-performance chromatographic methods provide deep insight into lipid analysis. Addition of ion mobility mass spectrometry orthogonal to LC-MS analysis workflow enhances separation of complex lipids, improve isomers resolution, and intensify confidence in lipid identification and characterization. In this chapter, we describe the principle of travelling wave ion mobility mass spectrometry (TWIMS) and its applications in untargeted LC-MS analysis for characterizing the structural diversity and complexity of lipid species in biological samples.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida , Lipídeos/análise , Espectrometria de Massas , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Fluxo de Trabalho
9.
Food Chem ; 300: 125169, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31336273

RESUMO

Red drupelet is a postharvest disorder of blackberries with several drupelets turning back to red. This affects visual quality and thus marketability and consumers' acceptance. However, the cause of this disorder as well as metabolite changes during color reversion have not been fully understood. Anthocyanins, cyanidin 3-glucoside, cyanidin 3-malonylglucoside, cyanidin 3-dioxalylglucoside, and total anthocyanin, were significantly lower in red drupelets than in black drupelets after 7 days of storage. Sugars and organic acids, lipids, and free amino acids also changed with storage and by color reversion. The untargeted metabolomics analyses indicated that red drupelets were generally differentiated from berries at harvest or black drupelets at metabolite level. The results of this study help better understand the red drupelet disorder. To our knowledge, this is the first study investigating red drupelet disorder by comparing black and red drupelets at metabolite level.


Assuntos
Metabolômica/métodos , Rubus/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/análise , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Antocianinas/análise , Antocianinas/metabolismo , Cor , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Frutas/química , Glucosídeos/análise , Glucosídeos/metabolismo , Lipídeos/análise , Rubus/química
10.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(7): 108, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267227

RESUMO

A total of 191 yeasts were isolated from 197 samples collected from eight estuarine mangrove forests along four different coastlines of Thailand (Andaman Sea and the East, North and West coasts of the Gulf of Thailand). Of these, 178 isolates were identified as 32 species in 16 genera of Ascomycota, 12 species in nine genera of Basidiomycota, and 13 isolates as potential new species, respectively. Mangroves located along the Andaman Sea coastline had a higher yeast diversity at the species and genera levels than those along the Gulf of Thailand. Kluyveromyces siamensis was the most frequently isolated species, whilst Candida tropicalis was the only species isolated at all eight sites. Screening isolated yeast strains belonging to genera previously reported as oleaginous yeast plus the 13 potential new species, revealed two oleaginous strains, Rhodotorula sphaerocarpa 11-14.4 and Saitozyma podzolica 11-11.3.1. Both of these strains were isolated from the same mangrove forest on the Andaman Sea coastline. They could accumulate lipid when suspended in glucose solution without any supplementation, while the fatty acid composition and oil profile of Rh. sphaerocarpa 11-14.4 and Sait. podzolica 11-11.3.1 were similar to vegetable oil and cocoa butter, respectively.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Áreas Alagadas , Leveduras/classificação , Leveduras/isolamento & purificação , Ascomicetos/química , Ascomicetos/classificação , Ascomicetos/isolamento & purificação , Basidiomycota/química , Basidiomycota/classificação , Basidiomycota/isolamento & purificação , Biodiversidade , Biocombustíveis , DNA Fúngico/análise , DNA Fúngico/isolamento & purificação , Gorduras na Dieta , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Glucose/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipídeos/análise , Tipagem Molecular , Óleos Vegetais , RNA Ribossômico/genética , Análise de Sequência , Tailândia , Leveduras/química , Leveduras/genética
11.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 411(23): 5937-5949, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280478

RESUMO

Dysregulated lipid species are linked to various disease pathologies and implicated as potential biomarkers for type 1 diabetes (T1D). However, it is challenging to comprehensively profile the blood specimen lipidome with full structural details of every lipid molecule. The commonly used reversed-phase liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (RPLC-MS/MS)-based lipidomics approach is powerful for the separation of individual lipid species, but lipids belonging to different classes may still co-elute and result in ion suppression and misidentification of lipids. Using offline mixed-mode and RPLC-based two-dimensional separations coupled with MS/MS, a comprehensive lipidomic profiling was performed on human sera pooled from healthy and T1D subjects. The elution order of lipid molecular species on RPLC showed good correlations to the total number of carbons in fatty acyl chains and total number of double bonds. This observation together with fatty acyl methyl ester analysis was used to enhance the confidence of identified lipid species. The final T1D serum lipid library database contains 753 lipid molecular species with accurate mass and RPLC retention time uniquely annotated for each of the species. This comprehensive human serum lipid library can serve as a database for high-throughput RPLC-MS-based lipidomic analysis of blood samples related to T1D and other childhood diseases. Graphical abstract.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/sangue , Lipídeos/sangue , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cromatografia de Fase Reversa/métodos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Humanos , Lactente , Lipídeos/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
12.
Food Chem ; 299: 125039, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288166

RESUMO

An integrated targeted-untargeted 1H and 13C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analysis was applied to determine the impact of roasting on coffee lipids. For targeted analysis, both an internal standard (IS) method, as well as the ERETIC2 tool based on PULCON (Pulse Length-based Concentration determination), were used for quantitation. PULCON allows for quantitative analysis without sample contamination with an IS and was found to be in very good agreement with the traditional IS approach as indicated by a systematic Bland-Altman comparison study. For the untargeted analysis, NMR was coupled with multivariate statistical analysis (MVSA), namely Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA), and Orthogonal Projection to Latent Structures Discriminant Analysis (OPLS-DA). 13C NMR spectra were acquired using a z-stored spin-echo sequence to achieve higher spectral quality, which is important for both targeted and untargeted analysis. Results showed that roasting has a clear effect on coffee lipids, with diterpenes, oxidation/hydrolysis products and unsaturated fatty acid chains being the most significant markers. In addition, the application of MRI indicated important morphological alterations in bean structure and lipid migration from the endosperm to the surface of the coffee bean.


Assuntos
Café/química , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Manipulação de Alimentos , Lipídeos/análise , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Análise de Alimentos/normas , Temperatura Alta , Análise Multivariada , Padrões de Referência
13.
Food Chem ; 298: 125029, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31260974

RESUMO

Thermal processing methods have important effects on food lipids. In this work, ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-Q-Extractive Orbitrap mass spectrometry and lipidsearch software were applied to analyze effect of three types of thermal processing methods on the lipidomics profile of tilapia fillets. A total 15 classes of compound lipids (Cer, DG, LPC, LPE, LPG, LPI, LPS, PC, PE, PG, PI, PS, SM, So, TG) were analyzed. In addition, free DHA, EPA, and ARA were also identified. Furthermore, statistical analyses of these lipids were performed based on MetaboAnalyst software. The results demonstrated three types of thermal processing methods had different effects on lipidomics profile differences of tilapia fillets. A total of eight lipid species variables (LPS, LPG, LPI, DG, LPC, TG, LPE, and Cer) and 137 individual lipids variables showed significant differences among raw, steamed, boiled, and roasted tilapia fillets. This work could provide useful information for aquatic product processing and lipidomics.


Assuntos
Produtos Pesqueiros/análise , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Indústria de Processamento de Alimentos/métodos , Lipídeos/química , Tilápia , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Análise de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Lipídeos/análise , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos
14.
Gene ; 710: 202-209, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163192

RESUMO

Estrogen regulates bone homeostasis and has a cardio-protective effect. Its physiological functions are mediated through receptors (ER) whose expression can be regulated by presence or absence of polymorphisms. However, the association between ER polymorphisms and BMD as well as lipids are inconsistent. The aim of the study was to investigate whether polymorphisms in ESR are associated with bone mineral density (BMD) and lipids in a cohort of Indian women. We studied PvuII, XbaI polymorphisms in ESR1 and AluI, RsaI polymorphisms in ESR2 genes and their association with bone mineral density (BMD) and lipids in premenopausal (n = 293, mean age: 33.01 ±â€¯5.23 years) and postmenopausal (n = 145, mean age: 56.91 ±â€¯7.1 years) women from Northeast India. AluI and RsaI polymorphisms in ESR2 gene were associated with BMD in postmenopausal women. Logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, BMI, tobacco and alcohol consumption revealed that xx genotype in XbaI polymorphism is associated with osteopenia at spine (OR = 3.3, 95% CI = 1.067-10.204) in postmenopausal women suggesting that allele X is protective (OR = 0.419, 95% CI = 0.177-0.991). Genotype aa in AluI polymorphism, seemed to be protective (OR = 0.092 for osteopenia; OR = 0.152 for osteoporosis) at spine whereas A allele was associated with osteopenia at femur (OR = 2.123, 95% CI = 1.079-4.166) in postmenopausal women. Allele r of RsaI polymorphism, was associated with osteoporosis at spine (OR = 3.222, 95% CI = 1.302-7.96). Thus, AIuI polymorphism of ESR2 gene was associated with spinal and femoral BMD whereas RsaI only with spinal BMD in postmenopausal women and ESR genotypes were not associated with lipids.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/genética , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Receptor beta de Estrogênio/genética , Lipídeos/análise , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Pós-Menopausa/genética , Pré-Menopausa/genética , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adulto , Densidade Óssea , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/metabolismo , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Feminino , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Índia , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem
15.
J Insect Sci ; 19(3)2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237955

RESUMO

Farming insects has recently emerged as a new source of protein and lipid production. To date, research has mostly focused on food applications of insects. Focusing on nonfood potential of oil and proteins of insects, high-throughput studies of insect lipids and proteins are needed. We performed proteomics and lipidomics investigation on black soldier fly (Hermitia illucens) and blow fly (Lucilia sericata) larvae to investigate new potential and applications. We used mass spectrometry for proteomics and lipidomics analysis of control and treated larvae. Treatment was performed by incubation with a biological decomposer. We provide the list of all fatty acids with their concentration in control and treated larvae. This result showed high levels of lauric acid in black soldier fly, which could even increase after biological decomposition. Proteomics analysis showed the presence of proteins like collagen of cosmetic interest, and proteins with antimicrobial properties such as phenoloxidases and enzymatic activities, such as amylase and trypsin. Insects harbor high potential for nonfood usage as additives, antimicrobial effects, and even pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. These data open avenues for future research in pharmacological and cosmetic approaches to find new molecules of interests.


Assuntos
Dípteros/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Proteoma , Animais , Anti-Infecciosos/análise , Dípteros/química , Dípteros/genética , Proteínas de Insetos/análise , Larva/química , Larva/metabolismo , Lipídeos/análise , Proteômica
16.
Food Chem ; 297: 124951, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31253340

RESUMO

The shelf lives of hot-air-dried (HD) and freeze-dried (FD) Penaeus vannamei were predicted by accelerated storage testing combined with Arrhenius Equation. Meanwhile, the changes in lipid profiles and colour of the dried shrimps during storage were investigated. The predicted shelf life of FD shrimp was more than 1.47-fold than that of HD shrimp. Compared to HD shrimp, FD shrimp had lower levels of oxidation parameters such as peroxide value (POV) and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances value (TBARS) during storage. In addition, FD shrimp had less reduction in lipid components such as triacylglycerol (TAG), phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and all fatty acids including saturated fatty acids (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) after storage. Moreover, FD shrimp showed a less significant decrease in redness value and increase in yellowness value. Therefore, FD shrimps have better quality stability during storage and then possess longer shelf life than HD shrimp.


Assuntos
Armazenamento de Alimentos/métodos , Lipídeos/química , Penaeidae/química , Frutos do Mar/análise , Animais , Cor , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Ácidos Graxos/química , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Radicais Livres/análise , Radicais Livres/química , Liofilização , Lipídeos/análise , Valor Nutritivo , Oxirredução , Fosfatidilcolinas/análise , Fosfatidilcolinas/química , Triglicerídeos/análise , Triglicerídeos/química , Xantofilas/análise
17.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1073: 79-89, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31146839

RESUMO

We investigated the effect of oxidative stress (OS) on lipidomic perturbations in the subcellular fractions and exosomes of human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells using asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (AF4) and nanoflow ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (nUHPLC-ESI-MS/MS). We treated HEK 293 cells with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and fractionated the cell lysates using AF4 to determine the change in size and population of the subcellular fractions and exosomes, and to obtain narrow size fractions for lipid analysis. A total of 438 lipids from 642 identified species-including oxidized lipids-were quantified. The relative amount of secreted exosomes increased by 28% during OS, whereas the amount of subcellular species decreased by 35%. There was a significant increase in the level of oxidized phospholipids in the mitochondrion-enriched subcellular fractions, but not in the exosomes. Most high-abundance triacylglycerol (TG) species increased in the stressed cells, whereas they decreased in the exosomes. During OS, ceramides involved in the apoptotic mitochondrial pathway were accumulated in the subcellular fractions, whereas their levels were unaffected in the exosomes. The present study demonstrated that AF4 and nUHPLC-ESI-MS/MS can be used to investigate lipid alterations in subcellular and extracellular species during OS, and the pathological relationships in diseases caused by reactive oxygen species.


Assuntos
Exossomos/metabolismo , Fracionamento por Campo e Fluxo , Lipídeos/análise , Organelas/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Exossomos/química , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Organelas/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
18.
Chem Biol Interact ; 310: 108721, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31233715

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Increasing consumption of fructose is a major contributor to epidemic metabolic syndrome (MS), and the risk of renal disorders and/or injuries remains high among individuals with MS particularly during pregnancy. Glutamine (GLT) has been demonstrated to have a modulatory effect in MS and/or insulin resistance (IR). This study investigated the effect of GLT on renal lipid accumulation and glutathione depletion induced by high fructose-enriched drink (FED) in pregnant rats and also tested the hypothesis that the renoprotective role of GLT is by suppression of adenosine deaminase (ADA)/xanthine oxidase (XO)/uric acid (UA) pathway. METHODS: Pregnant Wistar rats weighing between 160 and 180 g were allotted into Control, GLT, FED and FED + GLT groups (6 rats/group). The groups received distilled water (vehicle, p. o.), 1 g/kg bw GLT (p.o.), 10% Fructose (w/v) and 10% Fructose (w/v) plus 1 g/kg bw GLT (p.o.) respectively, daily for 19 days. RESULTS: Data showed that FED caused IR, increased body weight gain, blood glucose, plasma insulin, creatinine, urea, lipid accumulation, lipid peroxidation, lactate production, aspartate transaminase and alanine aminotransferase, depressed Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, sodium-potassium-ATPase activities and glutathione. These alterations were accompanied by increased activity of ADA/XO/UA pathway. However, the FED-induced renal injury and its correlates were normalized by GLT supplementation. CONCLUSION: The present results demonstrate that renal lipid accumulation and glutathione depletion-driven renal injury in pregnant rats is accompanied by increased activity of ADA/XO/UA pathway. The findings also suggest that GLT would confer protection against renal injury by protecting against lipid accumulation and glutathionedepletion, at least in part, through suppression of ADA/XO/UA pathway.


Assuntos
Glutamina/farmacologia , Glutationa/análise , Resistência à Insulina , Lipídeos/análise , Neuroproteção/efeitos dos fármacos , Adenosina Desaminase/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Frutose/efeitos adversos , Glutationa/efeitos dos fármacos , Síndrome Metabólica , Gravidez , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Ácido Úrico/metabolismo , Xantina Oxidase/metabolismo
19.
Food Chem ; 295: 579-587, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174798

RESUMO

Chemical composition, thermal, pasting, and moisture adsorption properties of flours from chickpea (Cicer aretinium L.), lentil (Lens culinaris Merr.), and yellow pea (Pisum sativum L.) were investigated over a 6-day germination. Protein content increased for pulses over germination while lentil had the highest protein content that increased from 30.65 to 33.60 g/100 g dry basis (d.b.). Lipid content in pulse flours decreased over germination with chickpea having the greatest decline, i.e. from 8.00 to 5.90 g/100 g (d.b.). Total starch decreased in lentil and yellow pea flours during germination, while there was no significant change (p > 0.05) in germinated chickpea flours. Thermal properties of pulse flours changed slightly, while pasting properties varied among pulses. The highest final viscosities for chickpea, lentil, and yellow pea flours were 1061, 981, and 1052 cP and were observed after 2, 1, and 0 days of germination, respectively. Moisture adsorption isotherms showed improved water adsorption capability after germination.


Assuntos
Cicer/metabolismo , Farinha/análise , Lens (Planta)/metabolismo , Ervilhas/metabolismo , Adsorção , Cicer/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Germinação , Lens (Planta)/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lipídeos/análise , Tamanho da Partícula , Ervilhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sementes/metabolismo , Água/química
20.
Mar Drugs ; 17(6)2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31167455

RESUMO

Fucus vesiculosus is an edible brown macroalga, with health benefits associated with its consumption and also a source of bioactive molecules. It is acknowledged that the biochemical composition of macroalgae changes when exposed to different environmental conditions occurring on different habitats, such as the water temperature, and light intensity. In the present study, the polar lipidome of Fucus vesiculosus was characterized for the first time using modern high-resolution HILIC-MS, and MS/MS approaches, to evaluate the phenotypic variability in two seasons of the year, e.g., winter and spring. A total of 187 molecular species were identified over eighteen classes of glycolipids, phospholipids and betaine lipids. Principal component analysis (PCA) multivariate statistical analysis and cluster analysis of polar lipid classes, polar lipid species and total fatty acids (FA) datasets, showed clustering according to the seasonal groups. While the lipid profile of Fucus vesiculosus harvested in the winter and spring yielded the same molecular species, the relative abundance of these species was significantly different. In the winter, changes were mainly due to the increased relative abundance of some molecular species of glycolipids and phospholipids, bearing octadeca(poly)enoic (18:3, 18:4) and eicosa(poly)enoic (20:4, 20:5) FA and betaine lipids species with short saturated FA (14:0) and polyunsaturated FA (PUFA). Importantly, glycolipids with n-3 PUFA and sulfolipids, have been reported to have important biological activities and therapeutic value. Overall, Fucus vesiculosus is a promising source of bioactive compounds that can be used as functional food or ingredients for human nutrition, feed, pharma, and cosmetic formulations. In this study, samples harvested in the winter season maximized yields of these bioactive components, when compared with samples harvested in the spring.


Assuntos
Fucus/química , Lipídeos/química , Estações do Ano , Fucus/metabolismo , Lipídeos/análise , Espectrometria de Massas , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química
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