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1.
J Pediatr ; 241: 133-140.e3, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547334

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive performance of urine biomarkers for acute kidney injury (AKI) in neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) receiving therapeutic hypothermia. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a multicenter prospective observational study of 64 neonates. Urine specimens were obtained at 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours of life and evaluated for neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), cystatin C, interleukin-18 (IL-18), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 2 (TIMP2), and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7 (IGFBP7). Logistic regression models with receiver operating characteristics for area under the curve (AUC) were used to assess associations with neonatal modified KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) AKI criteria. RESULTS: AKI occurred in 16 of 64 infants (25%). Neonates with AKI had more days of vasopressor drug use compared with those without AKI (median [IQR], 2 [0-5] days vs 0 [0-2] days; P = .026). Mortality was greater in neonates with AKI (25% vs 2%; P = .012). Although NGAL, KIM-1, and IL-18 were significantly associated with AKI, the AUCs yielded only a fair prediction. KIM-1 had the best predictive performance across time points, with an AUC (SE) of 0.79 (0.11) at 48 hours of life. NGAL and IL-18 had AUCs (SE) of 0.78 (0.09) and 0.73 (0.10), respectively, at 48 hours of life. CONCLUSIONS: Urine NGAL, KIM-1, and IL-18 levels were elevated in neonates with HIE receiving therapeutic hypothermia who developed AKI. However, wide variability and unclear cutoff levels make their clinical utility unclear.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/urina , Hipotermia Induzida , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Biomarcadores/urina , Cistatina C/urina , Feminino , Receptor Celular 1 do Vírus da Hepatite A/análise , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Proteínas de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante a Insulina/urina , Interleucina-18/urina , Lipocalina-2/urina , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-2/urina , Vasoconstritores/administração & dosagem
2.
Indian J Med Res ; 156(1): 46-55, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36510897

RESUMO

Background & objectives: Activation of renin-angiotensin system and tubulointerstitial damage might be seen in pre-albuminuria stage of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Here, diagnostic utility of four urinary biomarkers [Angiotensinogen (Angio), Interleukin (IL)-18, Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL) and Cystatin] during pre-albuminuria stages of non-hypertensive type 2 diabetes patients was studied. Methods: A total of 952 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients were screened for nephropathy [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥120 ml/min and albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) ≥30], and 120 patients were followed up for one year. At one year, they were classified into hyperfiltration (43), normoalbuminuria (29) and microalbuminuria (48) groups. Another 63 T2DM patients without nephropathy were included as controls. Hypertension, patients on angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker, eGFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m2 and all proteinuric conditions were excluded. All were subjected to testing for urine protein, ACR, HbA1C, eGFR, along with urinary biomarkers (IL-18, cystatin-C, NGAL and AGT). Comparative analysis of all the diagnostic tests among different subgroups, correlation and logistic regression was done. Results: Urinary IL-18/Cr, cystatin/creatinine (Cr) and AGT/Cr levels were higher in groups of hyperfiltration (13.47, 12.11 and 8.43 mg/g), normoalbuminuria (9.24, 11.74 and 9.15 mg/g) and microalbuminuria (11.59, 14.48 and 10.24 mg/g) than controls (7.38, 8.39 and 1.26 mg/g), but NGAL/Cr was comparable. The area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and sensitivity of AGT to detect early CKD were higher than ACR and eGFR (0.91 and 90.4%, 0.6 and 40% and 0.6 and 37%, respectively). AUC values of other biomarkers, namely IL-18/Cr, cystatin/Cr and NGAL/Cr, were 0.65, 0.64 and 0.51, respectively. Angio/Cr and IL-18/Cr showed correlation with log albuminuria (r=0.3, P=0.00, and r=0.28, P=0.00, respectively). NGAL showed correlation with log eGFR (r=0.28 P=0.00). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that odds ratio of developing nephropathy was 7.5 times with higher values of log Angio/Cr. Interpretation & conclusions: Urinary AGT showed a higher diagnostic value than ACR and eGFR followed by IL-18 and cystatin to diagnose DN during pre-albuminuric stages.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Humanos , Albuminúria/diagnóstico , Albuminúria/urina , Biomarcadores , Creatinina , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Nefropatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Interleucina-18/urina , Lipocalina-2/urina
3.
Crit Care ; 26(1): 349, 2022 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371256

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several biomarkers have been proposed to predict the occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI); however, their efficacy varies between different trials. The aim of this study was to compare the predictive performance of different candidate biomarkers for AKI. METHODS: In this systematic review, we searched PubMed, Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for papers published up to August 15, 2022. We selected all studies of adults (> 18 years) that reported the predictive performance of damage biomarkers (neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP)), inflammatory biomarker (interleukin-18 (IL-18)), and stress biomarker (tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 × insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-7 (TIMP-2 × IGFBP-7)) for the occurrence of AKI. We performed pairwise meta-analyses to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) individually. Hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristic curves (HSROCs) were used to summarize the pooled test performance, and the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations criteria were used to appraise the quality of evidence. RESULTS: We identified 242 published relevant studies from 1,803 screened abstracts, of which 110 studies with 38,725 patients were included in this meta-analysis. Urinary NGAL/creatinine (diagnostic odds ratio [DOR] 16.2, 95% CI 10.1-25.9), urinary NGAL (DOR 13.8, 95% CI 10.2-18.8), and serum NGAL (DOR 12.6, 95% CI 9.3-17.3) had the best diagnostic accuracy for the risk of AKI. In subgroup analyses, urinary NGAL, urinary NGAL/creatinine, and serum NGAL had better diagnostic accuracy for AKI than urinary IL-18 in non-critically ill patients. However, all of the biomarkers had similar diagnostic accuracy in critically ill patients. In the setting of medical and non-sepsis patients, urinary NGAL had better predictive performance than urinary IL-18, urinary L-FABP, and urinary TIMP-2 × IGFBP-7: 0.3. In the surgical patients, urinary NGAL/creatinine and urinary KIM-1 had the best diagnostic accuracy. The HSROC values of urinary NGAL/creatinine, urinary NGAL, and serum NGAL were 91.4%, 85.2%, and 84.7%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Biomarkers containing NGAL had the best predictive accuracy for the occurrence of AKI, regardless of whether or not the values were adjusted by urinary creatinine, and especially in medically treated patients. However, the predictive performance of urinary NGAL was limited in surgical patients, and urinary NGAL/creatinine seemed to be the most accurate biomarkers in these patients. All of the biomarkers had similar predictive performance in critically ill patients. Trial registration CRD42020207883 , October 06, 2020.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Interleucina-18 , Adulto , Humanos , Lipocalina-2/urina , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-2 , Creatinina , Injúria Renal Aguda/terapia , Biomarcadores , Hospitais
4.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0275016, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36215243

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease with multiorgan inflammatory involvement and a mortality rate that is 2.6-fold higher than individuals of the same age and sex in the general population. Approximately 50% of patients with SLE develop renal impairment (lupus nephritis). Delayed diagnosis of lupus nephritis is associated with a higher risk of progression to end-stage renal disease, the need for replacement therapy, and mortality. The initial clinical manifestations of lupus nephritis are often discrete or absent and are usually detected through complementary tests. Although widely used in clinical practice, their accuracy is limited. A great scientific effort has been exerted towards searching for new, more sensitive, and specific biomarkers in recent years. Some systematic reviews have individually evaluated new serum and urinary biomarkers tested in patients with lupus nephritis. This overview aimed to summarize systematic reviews on the accuracy of novel serum and urinary biomarkers for diagnosing lupus nephritis in patients with SLE, discussing how our results can guide the clinical management of the disease and the direction of research in this area. METHODS: The research question is "What is the accuracy of the new serum and urinary biomarkers studied for the diagnosis of LN in patients with SLE?". We searched for systematic reviews of observational studies evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of new serum or urinary biomarkers of lupus nephritis. The following databases were included: PubMed, EMBASE, BIREME/LILACS, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane, including gray literature found via Google Scholar and PROQUEST. Two authors assessed the reviews for inclusion, data extraction, and assessment of the risk of bias (ROBIS tool). RESULTS: Ten SRs on the diagnostic accuracy of new serum and urinary BMs in LN were selected. The SRs evaluated 7 distinct BMs: (a) antibodies (anti-Sm, anti-RNP, and anti-C1q), (b) cytokines (TWEAK and MCP-1), (c) a chemokine (IP-10), and (d) an acute phase glycoprotein (NGAL), in a total of 20 review arms (9 that analyzed serum BMs, and 12 that analyzed BMs in urine). The population evaluated in the primary studies was predominantly adults. Two SRs included strictly adults, 5 reviews also included studies in the paediatric population, and 4 did not report the age groups. The results of the evaluation with the ROBIS tool showed that most of the reviews had a low overall risk of bias. CONCLUSIONS: There are 10 SRs of evidence relating to the diagnostic accuracy of serum and urinary biomarkers for lupus nephritis. Among the BMs evaluated, anti-C1q, urinary MCP-1, TWEAK, and NGAL stood out, highlighting the need for additional research, especially on LN diagnostic panels, and attempting to address methodological issues within diagnostic accuracy research. This would allow for a better understanding of their usefulness and possibly validate their clinical use in the future. REGISTRATION: This project is registered on the International Prospective Registry of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) database (CRD42020196693).


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Nefrite Lúpica , Adulto , Biomarcadores , Quimiocina CXCL10 , Criança , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina , Humanos , Lipocalina-2/urina , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
5.
Ren Fail ; 44(1): 1201-1206, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serum creatinine (SCr) is unreliable in detecting acute changes in kidney function. Early recognition of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) can provide better opportunities for preventive interventions. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the value of the combined detection of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), insulin-like growth factor binding protein-7 (IGFBP-7), and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) in the early diagnosis of children with CI-AKI. METHODS: A prospective, single-center clinical trial was performed and included 172 children aged 0-18 years. The dynamic changes of urinary NGAL, IGFBP-7, and TIMP-2 levels in children with intravascular injection of contrast medium were investigated to determine whether they can diagnose CI-AKI early. RESULTS: CI-AKI occurred in 20 of 137 enrolled patients, and the incidence was 14.59%. In the CI-AKI group, urinary levels of NGAL, IGFBP-7, TIMP-2, and [IGFBP-7]*[TIMP-2] were significantly increased 2 h after angiography and remained at high levels at 6 h. Using a cutoff value of 36.274 ng/mL, the specificity was 70.0%, and the sensitivity was 68.4% for the prediction of CI-AKI, which was excellent for urinary NGAL. When both urinary IGFBP-7 and TIMP-2 were used together, urinary [IGFBP-7]*[TIMP-2] at 0.417(ng/mL)2/1000 was regarded as the cutoff value. The specificity was 80.0%, and the sensitivity was 81.2%. CONCLUSIONS: NGAL, IGFBP-7, and TIMP-2 concentrations in the urine of children after receiving injections of contrast medium increased faster than SCr and had good clinical value for the early diagnosis of CI-AKI in children. The combination of IGFBP-7 and TIMP-2 was better than either analyte alone.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-2 , Injúria Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores , Criança , Creatinina , Humanos , Proteínas de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante a Insulina/efeitos adversos , Proteínas de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante a Insulina/urina , Lipocalina-2/urina , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
Pediatr Surg Int ; 38(11): 1635-1641, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057907

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The decision to surgically intervene in a hydronephrotic kidney in children is based on many debatable guidelines, some requiring repeated ultrasounds or renal scans. Urinary proteins have the potential to reflect renal disorders and hence can be the alternatives to such scans. Here, we aim to assess the role of urinary Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin, Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1, and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) in such patients. METHODS: Seventeen children had obstructive hydronephrosis requiring pyeloplasty (UPJO), while seven were kept on conservative management in view of non-obstructive dilation (NOD). Urine samples were measured for the three urinary proteins at the time of presentation and following pyeloplasty using commercially available ELISA kits. RESULTS: The levels of all three urinary proteins were significantly higher in patients with UPJO children compared to the NOD group. Cut-off values to differentiate obstructive from non-obstructive hydronephrosis were obtained. A significant fall in the post-operative value of urinary IL-6 was also observed. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the potentiality of urinary proteins as biomarkers in identifying children with hydronephrosis and picking out the ones with obstructive hydronephrosis who will require pyeloplasty. The drop in levels after pyeloplasty can be employed to evaluate the effectiveness of pyeloplasty when sent serially.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CCL2/urina , Hidronefrose , Interleucina-6/urina , Lipocalina-2/urina , Biomarcadores/urina , Criança , Humanos , Hidronefrose/diagnóstico , Hidronefrose/cirurgia
7.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 13225, 2022 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35918463

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) increases the risk of morbidity, mortality, and progression to chronic kidney disease (CKD). There are few data on the risk of CKD following community-acquired AKI (CA-AKI) and its predictors from developing countries. We evaluated the association of a panel of serum and urine biomarkers at the time of hospital discharge with 4-month renal outcome in CA-AKI. Patients of either sex, aged between 18 and 70 years, with no underlying CKD, and with CA-AKI were recruited at the time of discharge from hospital in this prospective observational study. Levels of serum and urine biomarkers were analyzed and association between these markers and development of CKD, defined as eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 or dialysis dependence at 4 month after discharge, were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression analysis and penalized least absolute shrinkage and selection operator logistic regression. Out of a total 126 patients followed up for 4 months, 25 developed CKD. Those who developed CKD were older (p = 0.008), had higher serum creatinine (p < 0.001) and lower serum albumin (p = 0.001) at discharge. Adjusted logistic regression showed that each 10% increase in standardized serum myo-inositol oxygenase (MIOX) level increased the odds of progression to CKD by 13.5%. With 10% increase in standardized urine Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), serum creatinine and urine protein creatinine ratio (uPCR), increase in the odds of progression to CKD was 10.5%, 9.6% and 8%, respectively. Multivariable logistic model including serum MIOX, discharge serum creatinine and discharge uPCR, was able to predict the progression of CKD [AUC ROC 0.88; (95% CI 0.81, 0.95)]. High level serum MIOX levels at the time of discharge from hospital are associated with progression to CKD in patients with CA-AKI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Injúria Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Creatinina , Hospitais , Humanos , Inositol Oxigenase/metabolismo , Lipocalina-2/urina , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente , Diálise Renal , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Adulto Jovem
8.
Eur J Appl Physiol ; 122(11): 2437-2450, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35999474

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine the effect of high-intensity interval work (HIIW) and moderate-intensity continuous work (MICW) on markers of acute kidney injury (AKI) and kidney function in a hot environment. METHODS: Nine males completed 2 h of work (2 × 60 min with 10 min passive rest) in a hot environment (40 °C and 15% relative humidity) as either HIIW [2 min at 80% peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) and 3 min at 30% VO2peak] or MICW (matched for total work of HIIW). Blood and urine samples were collected immediately before (Pre), after (Post), 1 h (1 h Post), and 24 h after (24 h Post) the trials. Urine flow rate (UFR), creatinine clearance, insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP7), urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL), and urinary kidney injury marker 1 (uKIM-1) were measured to assess kidney function and injury. RESULTS: Log IGFBP7 (p < 0.01), log uNGAL (p < 0.01), and log uKIM-1 (p = 0.01) all displayed a main effect for time after both HIIW and MICW. IGFBP7 (p = 0.01) and uKIM-1 (p < 0.01), corrected for Uosm, were higher after HIIW compared to MICW at Post, while IGFBP7 was also higher 1 h Post after HIIW compared to MICW (p = 0.02). UFR significantly decreasing from Pre to Post (p < 0.01) and 1 h Post (p < 0.01), but no main effect for condition (p = 0.53). CONCLUSION: Both HIIW and MICW in a hot environment caused an increase in biomarkers of kidney injury (IGFBP7, KIM-1, and NGAL), but HIIW may have a greater impact on biomarkers related to AKI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Lipocalinas , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Biomarcadores , Creatinina , Humanos , Proteínas de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante a Insulina , Lipocalina-2/urina , Lipocalinas/urina , Masculino
9.
Ann Clin Biochem ; 59(6): 420-432, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35957618

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is an ongoing need to recognize early kidney injury and its progression in structural chronic pathologies. The proteins neutrophil-gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7 (IGFBP7), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 2 (TIMP2), kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), C-X-C motif chemokine 9 (CXCL9), transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-ß1), solute carrier family 22 member 2 (SLC22A2), nephrin, cubilin, and uromodulin (UMOD) have been proposed as early kidney injury biomarkers. To guide clinical interpretation, their urinary concentrations should be accompanied by reference intervals, which we here establish in a representative Dutch middle-aged population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 24 h urine samples from 1443 Caucasian middle-aged men and women were analyzed for the biomarkers by quantitative LC-MS/MS. Biomarker excretion per 24 h were calculated, and urine creatinine and osmolality were measured for dilution normalization. This population was characterized by demographic and anthropometric parameters, comorbid conditions, and conventional kidney function measures. RESULTS: NGAL, IGFBP7, TIMP2, KIM-1, and UMOD could be quantified in this population, whereas nephrin, SLC22A2, and CXCL9 were below their detection limits. Urine creatinine and osmolality were correlated to urine volume (r = -0.71; -0.74) and to IGFBP7 (r = 0.73; 0.71) and TIMP2 (r = 0.71; 0.69). Crude and normalized biomarker concentrations were affected by sex, but not by age, body mass index, smoking, kidney function, or common comorbid conditions. The reference intervals (men; women) were 18-108; 21-131 pmol IGFBP7/mmol creatinine, 1-63; 4-224 pmol NGAL/mmol creatinine, 7-48; 7-59 pmol TIMP2/mmol creatinine, <1-9; <1-12 pmol KIM-1/mmol creatinine, and 0.1-1.2; 0.1-1.7 mg UMOD/mmol creatinine. CONCLUSION: We present dilution-normalized and sex-stratified urinary reference intervals of kidney injury biomarkers in a middle-aged Caucasian population.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Lipocalina-2/urina , Creatinina/urina , Cromatografia Líquida , Receptor Celular 1 do Vírus da Hepatite A , Rim , Biomarcadores/urina , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico
10.
Kidney360 ; 3(6): 1003-1010, 2022 06 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35845336

RESUMO

Background: Worsening serum creatinine is common during treatment of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). A possible contributor to creatinine increase is diuresis-induced changes in volume of distribution (VD) of creatinine as total body water (TBW) contracts around a fixed mass of creatinine. Our objective was to better understand the filtration and nonfiltration factors driving change in creatinine during ADHF. Methods: Participants in the ROSE-AHF trial with baseline to 72-hour serum creatinine; net fluid output; and urinary KIM-1, NGAL, and NAG were included (n=270). Changes in VD were calculated by accounting for measured input and outputs from weight-based calculated TBW. Changes in observed creatinine (Crobserved) were compared with predicted changes in creatinine after accounting for alterations in VD and non-steady state conditions using a kinetic GFR equation (Cr72HR Kinetic). Results: When considering only change in VD, the median diuresis to elicit a ≥0.3 mg/dl rise in creatinine was -7526 ml (IQR, -5932 to -9149). After accounting for stable creatinine filtration during diuresis, a change in VD alone was insufficient to elicit a ≥0.3 mg/dl rise in creatinine. Larger estimated decreases in VD were paradoxically associated with improvement in Crobserved (r=-0.18, P=0.003). Overall, -3% of the change in eCr72HR Kinetic was attributable to the change in VD. A ≥0.3 mg/dl rise in eCr72HR Kinetic was not associated with worsening of KIM-1, NGAL, NAG, or postdischarge survival (P>0.05 for all). Conclusions: During ADHF therapy, increases in serum creatinine are driven predominantly by changes in filtration, with minimal contribution from change in VD.


Assuntos
Assistência ao Convalescente , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Biomarcadores , Creatinina , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos , Lipocalina-2/urina , Alta do Paciente
11.
Pol Arch Intern Med ; 132(9)2022 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35785920

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hospitalization for acute decompensation of heart failure (ADHF) is a frequent event associated with long­term adverse effects. Prognosis is even worse if acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs during hospitalization. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to determine whether kidney damage biomarkers neutrophil gelatinase­associatedlipocalin (NGAL), kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM­1), and interleukin18 (IL­18) might predict AKI and have prognostic value in ADHF. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum NGAL on admission and urine NGAL, KIM­1, and IL­18 on discharge were determined in 187 ADHF patients enrolled in a prospective, observational, unblinded study. AKI was diagnosed using the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes criteria. Patients were followedfor 12 months to record all­cause mortality. RESULTS: A total of 22% patients died during the follow­up, with 52.5% dying within 4 months after discharge. Serum NGAL (P <0.001), urine NGAL (P = 0.047), and urinary KIM­1 (P = 0.014) levels were significantly higher in the deceased patients at discharge. After adjustment for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), only urinary KIM­1 independently predicted mortality at month 4 (hazard ratio [HR], 3.166; 95% CI, 1.203-8.334; P = 0.020) and month 12 (HR, 1.969; 95% CI, 1.123-3.454; P = 0.018) in Cox regression models. In receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis urinary KIM­1 (area under the ROC curve [AUC] = 0.830) outperformed other markers of renal function. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed KIM­1 predictive value as additive to that of AKI incidence and admission eGFR. Admission serum NGAL was higher in AKI patients (P ≤0.001) with a modest diagnostic performance (AUC = 0.667), below that of urea (AUC = 0.732), creatinine (AUC = 0.696), or cystatin C (AUC = 0.676). CONCLUSIONS: Discharge urinary KIM­1 was a strong and independent predictor of mortality, particularly during the most vulnerable period shortly after hospitalization. Admission serum NGAL was inferior to conventional renal function parameters in predicting AKI during ADHF.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Biomarcadores , Creatinina , Cistatina C , Gelatinases , Humanos , Interleucina-18 , Rim , Lipocalina-2/urina , Alta do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Ureia
12.
PLoS One ; 17(7): e0270018, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35834547

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Extracellular matrix proteins and enzymes involved in degradation have been found to be associated with tissue fibrosis and ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO). In this study we developed a promising urinary biomarker model which can identify reduced renal function in UPJ obstruction patients. This can potentially serve as a non-invasive way to enhance surgical decision making for patients and urologists. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop a predictive model to identify UPJO patients at risk for reduced renal function. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Pre-operative urine samples were collected in a prospectively enrolled UPJO biomarker registry at our institution. Urinary MMP-2, MMP-7, TIMP-2, and NGAL were measured as well as clinical characteristics including hydronephrosis grade, differential renal function, t1/2, and UPJO etiology. PARTICIPANTS: Children who underwent pyeloplasty for UPJO. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENT: Primary outcome was reduced renal function defined as MAG3 function <40%. Multivariable logistic regression was applied to identify the independent predictive biomarkers in the original Training cohort. Model validation and generalizability were evaluated in a new UPJO Testing cohort. RESULTS: We included 71 patients with UPJO in the original training cohort and 39 in the validation cohort. Median age was 3.3 years (70% male). By univariate analysis, reduced renal function was associated with higher MMP-2 (p = 0.064), MMP-7 (p = 0.047), NGAL (p = 0.001), and lower TIMP-2 (p = 0.033). Combining MMP-7 with TIMP-2, the multivariable logistic regression model predicted reduced renal function with good performance (AUC = 0.830; 95% CI: 0.722-0.938). The independent testing dataset validated the results with good predictive performance (AUC = 0.738). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Combination of urinary MMP-7 and TIMP-2 can identify reduced renal function in UPJO patients. With the high sensitivity cutoffs, patients can be categorized into high risk (aggressive management) versus lower risk (observation).


Assuntos
Hidronefrose , Metaloproteinase 7 da Matriz , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-2 , Obstrução Ureteral , Biomarcadores/urina , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Hidronefrose/etiologia , Hidronefrose/urina , Rim/fisiopatologia , Pelve Renal/fisiopatologia , Lipocalina-2/urina , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/urina , Metaloproteinase 7 da Matriz/urina , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-2/urina , Obstrução Ureteral/complicações , Obstrução Ureteral/cirurgia , Obstrução Ureteral/urina
13.
Curr Urol Rep ; 23(8): 155-163, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35678987

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The early recognition of urinary tract obstruction (UTO) is vital in order to prevent mortality and morbidity associated with an acute kidney injury (AKI) and progression to irreversible kidney damage. Urinary biomarkers such as neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) have been recognised as an accurate tool in the timely diagnosis of AKI, but its role in the detection, prognosis and subsequent monitoring of a variety of obstructive uropathies has not yet been explored. We performed a systematic review of literature in accordance with Cochrane methodology from inception to August 2021. RECENT FINDINGS: Eleven studies were included in which urine and serum NGAL were measured (616 patients) presenting with multiple UTO aetiologies. Four investigated kidney stone disease (KSD) exclusively, whilst other studies identified other causes of UTO including pelviureteric junction obstruction (PUJO), retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) and ureteric strictures. Six studies monitored NGAL levels after surgical intervention to relieve the obstruction. Nine studies demonstrated a significant increase in both urine and serum NGAL levels in UTO, often in a more sensitive and timely manner than serum creatinine. Subclinical unilateral UTO could be recognised by urinary NGAL levels even in the absence of changes in serum creatinine. Following surgical intervention, a reduction in urinary and serum NGAL was seen in all but two studies. NGAL levels decreased acutely by 14% in 2 h and showed a long-term reduction of 78% in 6 months. Readily available but not yet widely accepted, NGAL has the potential to be a less invasive, low-cost diagnostic test for urinary tract obstructions as a whole. Not only can it be used as a marker of treatment success but also to monitor for obstruction recurrence or progression. Further research is required to acknowledge urinary biomarkers such as NGAL as a potential replacement to standard renal function monitoring tests in the context of obstructive uropathy.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Obstrução Ureteral , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Biomarcadores/urina , Creatinina/urina , Humanos , Lipocalina-2/urina , Prognóstico , Obstrução Ureteral/complicações , Obstrução Ureteral/diagnóstico
14.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 28(7): 120-124, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35751900

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipid (uNGAL) for the prediction of sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (SA-AKI). Methods: From September to December 2012, 110 patients were prospectively enrolled from the intensive care units (ICUs) of 3 general hospitals. After being admitted to the ICU, the patients were continuously observed for 72 hours. According to the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria for the diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI), the patients were divided into the AKI group (33 patients) and non-AKI group (77 patients). Per the sepsis diagnostic criteria, the patients were classified as septic (79 patients) and non-septic (31 patients). Serum creatinine and uNGAL of the patients were analyzed daily. The difference in uNGAL in septic and non-septic patients, patients with and without AKI, and septic patients with with and without AKI were compared. In addition, the difference in serum creatinine and uNGAL in patients with and without AKI were recorded and compared, and the sensitivity and specificity of uNGAL and sCr for the diagnosis of AKI in the ICU patients were evaluated using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: uNGAL levels were all significantly different in septic and non-septic patients (P = .001, P = .028, P = .010, respectively), patients with and without AKI (P = .001, P = .042, P = .001, respectively), septic patients with AKI and septic patients without AKI (P = .003, P = .012, P = .001, respectively) at 24, 48 and 72 hours after being admitted to the ICU, while the difference in sCr was not significant (P = .169) after 24 hours. The area under the ROC curve of uNGAL and sCr in patients admitted to the ICU at 24 hours were 0.828 (95% CI, 0.742 to 0.914) and 0.583 (95% CI, 0.471 to 0.695), respectively. The cutoff value of uNGAL was 170 ng/mL in patients admitted to the ICU at 24 hours, and the sensitivity and specificity were 0.778 and 0.784, respectively. The sensitivity of uNGAL was superior sCr. Conclusion: uNGAL has relatively high sensitivity and specificity in predicting the occurrence of AKI in septic patients, which is superior to sCr and has certain clinical early diagnostic value. uNGAL could be used as an indicator for early diagnosis of AKI in septic patients in the ICU.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Lipocalina-2/urina , Sepse , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Proteínas de Fase Aguda/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Creatinina , Gelatinases , Humanos , Lipídeos , Lipocalinas , Estudos Prospectivos , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/diagnóstico
15.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 8312, 2022 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35585171

RESUMO

Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is expressed in atherosclerotic plaques and implicated in the development of cardiovascular diseases. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is an atherosclerotic disease that often results in major cardiovascular events. This study aimed to prospectively examine the potential of urine NGAL (uNGAL) in predicting worsening PAD status and major adverse limb events (MALE). Baseline urine NGAL (uNGAL) and urine creatinine (uCr) concentrations were measured in PAD (n = 121) and non-PAD (n = 77) patients. Levels of uNGAL were normalized for urine creatinine (uNGAL/uCr). Outcomes included worsening PAD status, which was defined as a drop in ankle brachial index (ABI) > 0.15, and major adverse limb events (MALE), which was defined as a need for surgical revascularization or amputations. PAD patients had 2.30-fold higher levels of uNGAL/uCr [median (IQR) 31.8 (17.0-62.5) µg/g] in comparison to non-PAD patients [median (IQR) 73.3 (37.5-154.7) µg/g] (P = 0.011). Multivariate cox analysis showed that uNGAL/uCr levels were independently associated with predicting worsening PAD status and MALE outcomes. Cumulative survival analysis, over follow up period, demonstrated a direct correlation between elevated uNGAL/uCr levels and PAD disease progression and MALE outcomes. These data demonstrate an association between elevated uNGAL/uCr levels and worsening PAD disease status and MALE outcomes, indicating its potential for risk-stratification of PAD patients.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Lipocalina-2 , Doença Arterial Periférica , Injúria Renal Aguda/urina , Proteínas de Fase Aguda , Biomarcadores/urina , Doenças Cardiovasculares/urina , Creatinina/urina , Humanos , Lipocalina-2/urina , Doença Arterial Periférica/urina , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/urina
16.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 8040, 2022 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35577796

RESUMO

Pediatric renal injury is an emerging health concern in communities affected by chronic kidney disease of uncertain etiology (CKDu). Early detection of susceptibilities through highly sensitive and specific biomarkers can lead to effective therapeutic and preventive interventions against renal diseases. Here, we aimed to investigate the utility of kidney injury molecule (KIM-1) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in early detection of renal abnormalities in selected pediatric communities in Sri Lanka. The study areas were stratified as CKDu endemic, emerging, and non-endemic based on the prevalence of CKDu, and a total of 804 school students (10-18 years of age) participated in the study. The median (IQR) urinary KIM-1 levels of the participants were 0.193 (0.026-0.338), 0.082 (0.001-0.220) and 0.040 (0.003-0.242) ng/mgCr for CKDu endemic, emerging and non-endemic regions respectively. Participants from CKDu endemic regions reported elevated (p < 0.0001) urinary KIM-1 expression compared to those from the other regions. The median (IQR) NGAL levels in participants from CKDu endemic (2.969; 1.833-5.641), emerging (3.374; 1.766-6.103), and non-endemic (3.345; 1.742-5.128 ng/mgCr) regions showed no significant difference. Also, urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR) showed no significant differences across gender or residency. The prevalence of albuminuria was 1-2% in the locations irrespective of CKDu burden. Albuminuric participants reported higher (p < 0.05) urinary KIM-1 levels in comparison to normoalbuminuric participants. Significantly elevated urinary KIM-1 expression in a pediatric population from CKDu affected regions, especially in the presence of albuminuria, may indicate low-grade early renal damage supporting the utility of KIM-1 as a quantifiable biomarker.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Agricultura , Albuminúria/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/urina , Criança , Receptor Celular 1 do Vírus da Hepatite A , Humanos , Rim , Lipocalina-2/urina , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Sri Lanka/epidemiologia
17.
BMC Nephrol ; 23(1): 195, 2022 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35610615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To explore the biological variation (BV) of kidney injury markers in serum and urine of healthy subjects within 24 hours to assist with interpretation of future studies using these biomarkers in the context of known BV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum and urine samples were collected every 4 hours (0, 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 hours) from 31 healthy subjects within 24 hours and serum creatinine (s-Crea), serum ß2-microglobin (s-ß2MG), serum cystatin C (s-CYSC), serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipoprotein (s-NGAL), urine creatinine (u-Crea), urine ß2-microglobin (u-ß2MG), urine cystatin C (u-CYSC), urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipoprotein (u-NGAL) were measured. Outlier and variance homogeneity analyses were performed, followed by CV-ANOVA analysis on trend-corrected data (if relevant), and analytical (CVA), within-subject (CVI), and between-subject (CVG) biological variation were calculated. RESULTS: The concentration of kidney injury markers in male was higher than that in female, except for u-CYSC and u-NGAL. There were no significant difference in serum and urine kidney injury markers concentration at different time points. Serum CVI was lower than urine CVI, serum CVG was higher than CVI, and urine CVG was lower than CVI. The individual index (II) of serum kidney injury markers was less than 0.6, while the II of urinary kidney injury markers was more than 1.0. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides new short-term BV data for kidney injury markers in healthy subjects within 24 hours, which are of great significance in explaining other AKI / CKD studies.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Cistatina C , Biomarcadores , Creatinina , Feminino , Gelatinases , Humanos , Rim , Lipocalina-2/urina , Masculino
18.
Vet Anaesth Analg ; 49(4): 344-353, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490089

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To document changes in urinary biomarker concentration and conventional diagnostic tests of acute kidney injury (AKI) following hypotension and fluid resuscitation in anaesthetized dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental, repeated measures, prospective study. ANIMALS: A group of six male adult Greyhound dogs. METHODS: Following general anaesthesia, severe hypotension was induced by phlebotomy, maintaining mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) < 40 mmHg for 60 minutes, followed by resuscitation with intravenous gelatine solution to maintain MAP > 60 mmHg for 3 hours. Following euthanasia, renal tissue was examined by light microscopy (LM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Urinary and serum concentrations of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), cystatin C (CysC), and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), serum creatinine and urine output were measured at baseline and hourly until euthanasia. Data are presented as mean and 95% confidence interval and analysed using repeated measures analysis of variance with Dunnett's adjustment, p < 0.05. RESULTS: Structural damage to proximal renal tubular cells was evident on LM and TEM. Urinary biomarker concentrations were significantly elevated from baseline, peaking 2 hours after haemorrhage at 19.8 (15.1-25.9) ng mL-1 NGAL (p = 0.002), 2.54 (1.64-3.43) mg mL-1 CysC (p = 0.009) and 2043 (790-5458) U L-1 GGT (p < 0.001). Serum creatinine remained within a breed-specific reference interval in all dogs. Urinary protein-creatinine ratio (UPC) was significantly elevated in all dogs from 1 hour following haemorrhage. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Urinary NGAL, CysC and GGT concentrations, and UPC were consistently elevated within 1 hour of severe hypotension, suggesting that proximal renal tubules are damaged in the earliest stage of ischaemia-reperfusion AKI. Measurement of urinary biomarkers may allow early diagnosis of AKI in anaesthetized dogs. Urinary GGT concentration and UPC are particularly useful as they can be measured on standard biochemistry analysers.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Doenças do Cão , Hipotensão , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/veterinária , Animais , Biomarcadores , Creatinina/urina , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico , Doenças do Cão/etiologia , Cães , Diagnóstico Precoce , Hemorragia/veterinária , Hipotensão/diagnóstico , Hipotensão/etiologia , Hipotensão/veterinária , Lipocalina-2/urina , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(7)2022 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35408856

RESUMO

Nephrotoxicity is a major cause of intrinsic acute kidney injury (AKI). Because renal tissue damage may occur independently of a reduction in glomerular filtration rate and of elevations in plasma creatinine concentration, so-called injury biomarkers have been proposed to form part of diagnostic criteria as reflective of tubular damage independently of renal function status. We studied whether the urinary level of NGAL, KIM-1, GM2AP, t-gelsolin, and REGIIIb informed on the extent of tubular damage in rat models of nephrotoxicity, regardless of the etiology, moment of observation, and underlying pathophysiology. At a time of overt AKI, urinary biomarkers were measured by Western blot or ELISA, and tubular necrosis was scored from histological specimens stained with hematoxylin and eosin. Correlation and regression studies revealed that only weak relations existed between biomarkers and tubular damage. Due to high interindividual variability in the extent of damage for any given biomarker level, urinary injury biomarkers did not necessarily reflect the extent of the underlying tissue injury in individual rats. We contended, in this work, that further pathophysiological contextualization is necessary to understand the diagnostic significance of injury biomarkers before they can be used for renal tubular damage severity stratification in the context of nephrotoxic and, in general, intrinsic AKI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Rim , Injúria Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Animais , Biomarcadores , Creatinina , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Rim/patologia , Lipocalina-2/urina , Ratos
20.
J Healthc Eng ; 2022: 6028611, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35419185

RESUMO

Retrospective analysis of the effects of febuxostat on urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) in patients with hyperuricemia was performed. From January 2018 to June 2018, there were 45 patients with asymptomatic hyperuricemia in the outpatient or inpatient of Changzhou Second People's Hospital, which were divided into the febuxostat group (25 cases) and the control group (20 cases). We collected the patients' baseline indicators and testing indicators after three months of treatment, including blood urea nitrogen, blood creatinine, blood uric acid, urine microalbumin, urine NGAL, urine KIM-1, and other indicators. The subjects in both groups were given lifestyle intervention, instructed to drink more water, and given a low-purine diet. The patients in the febuxostat group took febuxostat 40 mg/D or 80 mg/D. We used SPSS 25.0 statistical software for statistical analysis. Baseline indexes between the febuxostat group and the control group and indexes after treatment between two groups were both performed by independent sample t-test, and paired t-test was used for self-comparison between the groups before and after treatment. There was no significant difference in age, sex, body mass index (BMI), urea nitrogen, creatinine, uric acid, urine microalbumin/creatinine, urine NGAL/creatinine, and urine KIM-1/creatinine between the two groups before treatment (P > 0.05). Compared with before treatment, after 3 months of intervention, the levels of serum uric acid, urine microalbumin/creatinine, urine NGAL/creatinine, and urine KIM-1/creatinine were significantly decreased in the febuxostat group (P < 0.05), while the changes of blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, and epidermal growth factor receptor (eGFR) were not statistically significant (P > 0.05). After 3 months of intervention, the control group had no significant changes in blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, eGFR, uric acid, microalbumin/creatinine, urine NGAL/creatinine, and urine KIM-1/creatinine (P > 0.05). After 3 months of intervention, compared with the control group, the serum uric acid, microalbumin/creatinine, urine NGAL/creatinine, and urine KIM-1/creatinine were significantly decreased in the febuxostat group (P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference in blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and eGFR (P > 0.05). Febuxostat can reduce urine NGAL/creatinine and urine KIM-1/creatinine levels in patients with hyperuricemia and has the protective effects on renal tubular injury caused by hyperuricemia, which can provide evidences for the early prevention and treatment of asymptomatic hyperuricemia.


Assuntos
Febuxostat , Receptor Celular 1 do Vírus da Hepatite A , Hiperuricemia , Lipocalina-2 , Creatinina , Febuxostat/uso terapêutico , Receptor Celular 1 do Vírus da Hepatite A/análise , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Lipocalina-2/urina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ácido Úrico
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