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1.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 30(3): 232-236, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476436

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore whether resveratrol dependents on the production of suppressor of cytokine signaling suppressor 3 (SOCS-3) in inhibiting mRNA production of macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) in osteoblasts induced by lipopolysaccharides(LPS) extracted from Porphyromonas endodontalis(P.e). METHODS: MC3T3-E1 cells were treated with different concentrations of resveratrol (0, 5, 10 and 20 µmol/L) and 20 µmol/L resveratrol for different time( 0, 10, 30, 60, 120 and 180 min). The expression of SOCS-3 protein was detected by Western blot. MC3T3-E1 cells were transfected with mouse SOCS3 siRNA (si-SOCS-3) and control siRNA(si-control). Reverse transcription real-time PCR(real-time RT-PCR) and Western blot was used to detect the silencing efficiency of SOCS-3. Cells were stimulated by 20 µg/mL P.e-LPS for 24 h after transfection, in the absence or presence of 20 µmol/L resveratrol for 1 h , and the changes of MIP-2 mRNA were determined by real-time RT-PCR. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way ANOVA and Dunnett t test with SPSS 13.0 software package. RESULTS: Treatment of MC3T3-El cells with different concentrations of resveratrol caused a significant increase in SOCS-3 protein expression in a dose-dependent manner. During the observation time of 180 min, SOCS-3 protein expression was the highest at 20 µmol/L resveratrol-treated osteoblasts for 60 min. The silencing efficiency of SOCS-3 mRNA was 63.7%. Transfection with SOCS-3 siRNA increased MIP-2 mRNA expression in LPS-stimulated MC3T3-E1 cells and negated the inhibitory effects of resveratrol on LPS-induced MIP-2 mRNA expression(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Resveratrol inhibits the expression of MIP-2 mRNA in osteoblasts induced by P.e-LPS by up-regulating the expression of SOCS-3 protein.


Assuntos
Lipopolissacarídeos , Porphyromonas endodontalis , Animais , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Osteoblastos , RNA Mensageiro , Resveratrol/farmacologia
2.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443321

RESUMO

Berberine (BBR), a plant alkaloid, is known for its therapeutic properties of anticancer, cardioprotective, antidiabetic, hypolipidemic, neuroprotective, and hepatoprotective activities. The present study was to determine the molecular mechanism of BBR's pharmacological activity in human monocytic (THP-1) cells induced by arachidonic acid (AA) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The effect of BBR on AA/LPS activated proinflammatory markers including TNF-α, MCP-1, IL-8 and COX-2 was measured by ELISA or quantitative real-time PCR. Furthermore, the effect of BBR on LPS-induced NF-κB translocation was determined by immunoblotting and confocal microscopy. AA/ LPS-induced TNF-α, MCP-1, IL-6, IL-8, and COX-2 markers were markedly attenuated by BBR treatment in THP-1 cells by inhibiting NF-κB translocation into the nucleus. Molecular modeling studies suggested the direct interaction of BBR to IKKα at its ligand binding site, which led to the inhibition of the LPS-induced NF-κB translocation to the nucleus. Thus, the present study demonstrated the anti-inflammatory potential of BBR via NF-κB in activated monocytes, whose interplay is key in health and in the pathophysiology of atherosclerotic development in blood vessel walls. The present study findings suggest that BBR has the potential for treating various chronic inflammatory disorders.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Berberina/farmacologia , Quinase I-kappa B/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Quimiocina CCL2/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360887

RESUMO

The fruits of the mulberry tree (Morus alba L.), known as white mulberry, have been consumed in various forms, including tea, beverages, and desserts, worldwide. As part of an ongoing study to discover bioactive compounds from M. alba fruits, the anti-inflammatory effect of compounds from M. alba were evaluated in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated mouse RAW 264.7 macrophages. Phytochemical analysis of the ethanol extract of the M. alba fruits led to the isolation of 22 compounds. Among the isolated compounds, to the best of our knowledge, compounds 1, 3, 5, 7, 11, 12, and 14-22 were identified from M. alba fruits for the first time in this study. Inhibitory effects of 22 compounds on the production of the nitric oxide (NO) known as a proinflammatory mediator in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages were evaluated using NO assays. Western blot analysis was performed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of cyclo(L-Pro-L-Val) (5). We evaluated whether the anti-inflammatory effects of cyclo(L-Pro-L-Val) (5) following LPS stimulation in RAW 264.7 macrophages occurred because of phosphorylation of IκB kinase alpha (IKKα), IκB kinase beta (IKKß), inhibitor of kappa B alpha (IκBα), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and activations of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Cyclo(L-Pro-L-Val) (5) significantly suppressed phosphorylations of IKKα, IKKß, IκBα, and NF-κB and activations of iNOS and COX-2 in a concentration-dependent manner. Taken together, these results indicate that cyclo(L-Pro-L-Val) (5) can be considered a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of inflammation-associated disorders.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Dipeptídeos/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Morus/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação/antagonistas & inibidores , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7 , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
Phytochemistry ; 191: 112908, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388664

RESUMO

The fungus Biscogniauxia whalleyi SWUF13-085 from the Graphostomataceae family was studied for potential anti-inflammatory and anticancer agents. A diverse array of natural products was identified. Six of which were undescribed compounds, including xylariterpenoids L-N, (1R,2S,6R,7S)-1,2-dihydroxy-α-bisabolol, 6-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-1-methyl-2-propenyl]-4-methoxy-3-methyl-2H-pyran-2-one and (1R*,4S*,5S*,7S*,10R*)-guaia-11 (12)-en-7,10-diol. Several of the isolated compounds such as bergamotene, guaiane and phthalide derivatives showed activity in both the inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophage cells with IC50 values in the range of 2.48-10.82 µg/mL and anti-proliferation against HeLa cells with IC50 values in the range of 8.64-31.16 µg/mL. While compounds such as cerebrosides A and C only exhibited inhibitory effects on NO production with IC50 values in the range of 4.45-10.28 µg/mL.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios , Xylariales , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Células HeLa , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico , Células RAW 264.7
5.
Cell Rep ; 36(8): 109614, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433041

RESUMO

Zoonotic pathogens, such as COVID-19, reside in animal hosts before jumping species to infect humans. The Carnivora, like mink, carry many zoonoses, yet how diversity in host immune genes across species affect pathogen carriage is poorly understood. Here, we describe a progressive evolutionary downregulation of pathogen-sensing inflammasome pathways in Carnivora. This includes the loss of nucleotide-oligomerization domain leucine-rich repeat receptors (NLRs), acquisition of a unique caspase-1/-4 effector fusion protein that processes gasdermin D pore formation without inducing rapid lytic cell death, and the formation of a caspase-8 containing inflammasome that inefficiently processes interleukin-1ß. Inflammasomes regulate gut immunity, but the carnivorous diet has antimicrobial properties that could compensate for the loss of these immune pathways. We speculate that the consequences of systemic inflammasome downregulation, however, can impair host sensing of specific pathogens such that they can reside undetected in the Carnivora.


Assuntos
Carnívoros/metabolismo , Evolução Molecular , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Zoonoses/patologia , Animais , Caspase 1/genética , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Caspase 8/metabolismo , Caspases Iniciadoras/genética , Caspases Iniciadoras/metabolismo , Morte Celular , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteínas NLR/genética , Proteínas NLR/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Salmonella typhi/patogenicidade , Zoonoses/imunologia , Zoonoses/parasitologia
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445582

RESUMO

Exosomes secreted by adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) enhance angiogenesis and wound healing. However, in clinical settings, wounds may be infected by various bacteria or pathogens. We investigated whether human ADSCs stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) secrete exosomes (ADSC-LPS-exo) that augment the angiogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). ExoQuick-TC exosome precipitation solution was used to purify exosomes from human ADSC culture media in the presence or absence of 1 µg/mL LPS treatment for 24 h. The uptake of ADSC-LPS-exo significantly induced the activation of cAMP response element binding protein (CREB), activating protein 1 (AP-1), and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathways and increased the migration of and tube formation in HUVECs. RNA interference with CREB, AP-1, or NF-κB1 significantly reduced the migration of and tube formation in HUVECs treated with ADSC-LPS-exo. An experiment with an antibody array for 25 angiogenesis-related proteins revealed that only interleukin-8 expression was significantly upregulated in HUVECs treated with ADSC-LPS-exo. In addition, proteomic analysis revealed that eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E, amyloid beta A4 protein, integrin beta-1, and ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 may be potential candidates involved in ADSC-LPS-exo-mediated enhanced angiogenesis.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Exossomos/fisiologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/fisiologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/fisiologia , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/citologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais
7.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 6614574, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34457117

RESUMO

Inflammatory reactions mediated by the NACHT, LRR, and PYD domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome contributes to non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progression, particularly in patients with bacterial infections. Salidroside (SAL) has recently been shown to suppress lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced NSCLC proliferation and migration, but its mechanism of action remains unclear. It has been shown that SAL improves metabolic inflammation in diabetic rodents through AMP-activated protein kinase- (AMPK-) dependent inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome. However, whether the NLRP3 inflammasome is regulated by SAL in NSCLC cells and how its underlying mechanism(s) can be determined require clarification. In this study, human lung alveolar basal carcinoma epithelial (A549) cells were treated with LPS, and the effects of SAL on cell proliferation, migration, AMPK activity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and NLRP3 inflammasome activation were investigated. We found that LPS induction increases the proliferation and migration of A549 cells which was suppressed by SAL. Moreover, SAL protected A549 cells against LPS-induced AMPK inhibition, ROS production, and NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Blocking AMPK using Compound C almost completely suppressed the beneficial effects of SAL. In summary, these results indicate that SAL suppresses the proliferation and migration of human lung cancer cells through AMPK-dependent NLRP3 inflammasome regulation.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Fenóis/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Apoptose , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
8.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 69(8): 811-816, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334527

RESUMO

Three new aconitine-type C19-diterpenoid alkaloid namely novolunines A (1), B (2), and C (3), along with fifteen known diterpenoid alkaloids were isolated from the roots of Aconitum novoluridum, whose phytochemical investigations have never been reported before. The structures of three new alkaloids were established on the basis of spectra data (high-resolution electrospray ionization (HR-ESI)-MS, IR, one dimensional (1D)- and 2D-NMR). Noteworthily, novolunines A (1) and B (2) are two diterpenoid alkaloids bearing conformational isomerism. In addition, the diterpenoid alkaloids 1-3 did not show any anti-acetylcholinesterase (AChE) or anti-inflammatory activities.


Assuntos
Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Aconitum/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores da Colinesterase/química , Inibidores da Colinesterase/isolamento & purificação , Electrophorus , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Células RAW 264.7
9.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443495

RESUMO

Phytochemical investigation and chromatographic separation of extracts from the actinobacteria strain Saccharomonospora piscinae that was isolated from dried fishpond sediment of Kouhu township, in the south of Taiwan, led to the isolation of three new compounds, saccharpiscinols A-C (1-3, respectively), and three new natural products, namely (2S)-5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxy-6,8-dimethylflavanone (4), methyl-4-hydroxy-2-methoxy-6-methylbenzoate (5), and (±)-7-acetyl-4,8-dihydroxy-6-methyl-1-tetralone (6). Compounds 4-6 were reported before as synthesized products, herein, they are reported from nature for the first time. The structures of the new compounds were unambiguously elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic data analysis (1D- and 2D-NMR, MS, and UV) and comparison with literature data. The effect of some isolates on the inhibition of NO production in lipopolysaccharide-activated RAW 264.7 murine macrophages was evaluated. Saccharpiscinol A showed inhibitory activities against LPS-induced NO production.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Misturas Complexas , Flavonoides/química , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Células RAW 264.7
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445767

RESUMO

The c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) are implicated in many neuropathological conditions, including neurodegenerative diseases. To explore potential JNK3 inhibitors from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved drug library, we performed structure-based virtual screening and identified azelastine (Aze) as one of the candidates. NMR spectroscopy indicated its direct binding to the ATP-binding site of JNK3, validating our observations. Although the antihistamine effect of Aze is well documented, the involvement of the JNK pathway in its action remains to be elucidated. This study investigated the effects of Aze on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced JNK phosphorylation, pro-inflammatory mediators, and cell migration in BV2 microglial cells. Aze was found to inhibit the LPS-induced phosphorylation of JNK and c-Jun. It also inhibited the LPS-induced production of pro-inflammatory mediators, including interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, and nitric oxide. Wound healing and transwell migration assays indicated that Aze attenuated LPS-induced BV2 cell migration. Furthermore, Aze inhibited LPS-induced IκB phosphorylation, thereby suppressing nuclear translocation of NF-κB. Collectively, our data demonstrate that Aze exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-migratory effects through inhibition of the JNK/NF-κB pathway in BV2 cells. Based on our findings, Aze may be a potential candidate for drug repurposing to mitigate neuroinflammation in various neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ftalazinas/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Microglia/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
11.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443439

RESUMO

Ten polyketide derivatives (1-10), including a new natural product named (E)-2,4-dihydroxy-3-methyl-6-(2-oxopent-3-en-1-yl) benzaldehyde (1), and five known diketopiperazines (11-15), were isolated from the mangrove-sediment-derived fungus Aspergillus sp. SCSIO41407. The structures of 1-15 were determined via NMR and MS spectroscopic analysis. In a variety of bioactivity screening, 3 showed weak cytotoxicity against the A549 cell line, and 2 exhibited weak antibacterial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Compounds 3, 5, and 6 showed inhibition against acetylcholinesterase (AChE) with IC50 values of 23.9, 39.9, and 18.6 µM. Compounds 11, 12, and 14 exhibited obvious inhibitory activities of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) with IC50 values of 19.2, 20.9, and 8.7 µM, and they also suppressed RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation in bone marrow macrophages cells (BMMCs), with the concentration of 5 µM. In silico molecular docking with AChE and NF-κB p65 protein were also performed to understand the inhibitory activities, and 1, 11-14 showed obvious protein/ligand-binding effects to the NF-κB p65 protein.


Assuntos
Aspergillus/efeitos dos fármacos , Dicetopiperazinas/farmacologia , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Policetídeos/farmacologia , Rhizophoraceae/química , Células A549 , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Dicetopiperazinas/química , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/citologia , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Policetídeos/química , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Ligante RANK/farmacologia
12.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361797

RESUMO

Carpesium divaricatum Sieb. & Zucc., a traditional medicinal plant used as an inflammation-relieving remedy, is a rich source of terpenoids. At least 40 germacrane-type sesquiterpene lactones, representatives of four different structural groups, were isolated from the plant. Cytotoxicity against cancer cells in vitro is the most frequently described biological activity of the compounds. However, little is known about the selectivity of the cytotoxic effect. The anti-inflammatory activity of the germacranolides is also poorly documented. The objective of the present study was to assess the cytotoxic activity of selected C. divaricatum germacranolides-derivatives of 4,5,8,9-tetrahydroxy-3-oxo-germacran-6,12-olide towards cancer and normal cell lines (including cells of different p53 status). Moreover, to assess the anti-inflammatory effect of the compounds, the release of four proinflammatory cytokines/chemokines (IL-1ß, IL-8, TNF-α and CCL2) by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated human neutrophils was measured by ELISA. The investigated sesquiterpene lactones demonstrated nonselective activity towards prostate cancer (Du145 and PC3) and normal prostate epithelial cells (PNT2) as well as against melanoma cells (A375 and HTB140) and keratinocytes (HaCaT). Cytotoxic activity against osteosarcoma cells was independent of their p53 status. In sub-cytotoxic concentrations (0.5-2.5 µM) the studied compounds significantly decreased cytokine/chemokine release by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated human leukocytes.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Asteraceae/química , Citotoxinas/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos de Germacrano/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/classificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/classificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Asteraceae/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Quimiocina CCL2/genética , Quimiocina CCL2/imunologia , Citotoxinas/química , Citotoxinas/classificação , Citotoxinas/isolamento & purificação , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Interleucina-8/genética , Interleucina-8/imunologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Neutrófilos/citologia , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Plantas Medicinais , Polônia , Cultura Primária de Células , Sesquiterpenos de Germacrano/química , Sesquiterpenos de Germacrano/classificação , Sesquiterpenos de Germacrano/isolamento & purificação , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/imunologia
13.
Anal Chem ; 93(35): 12022-12031, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445863

RESUMO

Pyroptosis is closely related to inhibiting the occurrence and development of tumors. However, the pyroptosis pathways (PPs) impacted by different stimulants are still unknown. To accurately understand the PP in cancer cells, we designed a multicolor fluorescent nanoprobe (Cas-NP) to monitor the activation of caspases-1/3/4 during pyroptosis. The Cas-NP was prepared by the assembly of three different fluorophores-labeled peptides, specific response to caspases-1/3/4 on Au nanoparticles via the Au-Se bond to in situ monitor caspase-1/3/4 with high selectivity and sensitivity. Moreover, the selenopeptide specific to caspase-4 (Cyanine-5-LEVD-SeH) was synthesized for the first time to overcome the difficulty in commercial synthesis. During the pyroptosis of cancer cells induced by adenosine triphosphate (ATP), only the fluorescence of caspase-1 significantly increases. When the cells are stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the fluorescence signals corresponding to caspases-3 and 4 first appear and then the fluorescence of caspase-1 is observed. Furthermore, the inhibitor study indicates that the activated caspase-4 can lead to the activation of caspase-1 after the LPS treatment. We first discovered that caspase-3 is activated during the pyroptosis process stimulated by LPS and further verified the activation sequence of caspases-1/3/4 via visualized fluorescence detection. The study provides an effective tool for understanding complex signaling mechanisms in pyroptosis cells and new ideas to explore useful therapeutic inhibitors based on pyroptosis.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Neoplasias , Caspase 1 , Ouro , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Piroptose
14.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e245202, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378662

RESUMO

Although propolis has been reported for having anti-inflammatory activities, its effects on complement system has not been much studied. This research was conducted to find out the effects of Indonesian propolis on the expression levels of C3, C1r/s, Bf, MBL, and C6 in zebrafish larvae which were induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Counting of macrophages migrating to yolk sac and liver histology were carried out. Larvae were divided into four groups: CON (cultured in E3 medium only), LPS (cultured in a medium containing 0.5 µg/L LPS), LPSIBU (cultured in a medium containing LPS, and then treated with 100 µg/L ibuprofen for 24 hours), and LPSPRO (cultured in a medium containing LPS, and then immersed in 14,000 µg/L propolis for 24 hours) groups. The results showed that complement gene expression in larvae from the LPSIBU and LPSPRO groups were generally lower than in larvae from the LPS group. The number of macrophage migrations to the yolk in the LPSPRO group was also lower than in the LPS group. Histological structure of liver in all groups were considered normal. This study shows that Indonesian propolis has the potential to be used as an alternative to the substitution of NSAIDs.


Assuntos
Própole , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Regulação para Baixo , Indonésia , Larva/genética , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Própole/farmacologia , Peixe-Zebra/genética
15.
Anticancer Res ; 41(8): 4053-4059, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Diabetes is a risk factor for dementia. However, no radical preventive method for diabetes-associated dementia has yet been developed. Our previous study revealed that oral administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) prevents high-fat diet-induced cognitive impairment. Therefore, we investigated here whether oral administration of LPS (OAL) could also prevent diabetes-associated dementia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Diabetic mice were produced by intraperitoneal administration of streptozotocin (STZ), and then mice were orally administered LPS. Cognitive ability was evaluated using the Morris water maze, and gene expression was analyzed in isolated microglia. RESULTS: OAL prevented STZ-induced diabetic cognitive impairment, but did not affect blood glucose levels. Moreover, OAL promoted the expression of neuroprotective genes in microglia, such as heat shock protein family 40 (HSP40) and chemokine CCL7. CONCLUSION: OAL prevents diabetes-associated dementia, potentially via promotion of HSP40 and CCL7 expression in microglia.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/prevenção & controle , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/tratamento farmacológico , Lipopolissacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Animais , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Quimiocina CCL7/genética , Disfunção Cognitiva/sangue , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40/genética , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia
16.
Anticancer Res ; 41(8): 4071-4076, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Increased expression of inflammatory cytokine genes through cell interactions in tissues may cause chronic inflammation, leading to the development of lifestyle-related diseases. Since the activation of inflammatory cytokine genes in monocytes/macrophages by co-culturing with cancer cells or adipocytes was suppressed by pre-treatment with low-dose lipopolysaccharide (LPS), we hypothesized that low-dose LPS-activated macrophages may regulate the expression of immune response-related genes in other cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Phorbol myristate acetate-treated human monocytes (THP-1) were activated by LPS. The conditioned medium of LPS-activated THP-1 cells was added to human adipocytes. After 5 days, the expression of genes encoding interleukin (IL)-6 (IL6), IL-8 (IL8), monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 (CCL2), adiponectin (ADIPOQ), and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 (SERPINE1) was analyzed using quantitative real-time PCR. RESULTS: The increased expression of inflammation-related genes and SERPINE1 in adipocytes was suppressed by the conditioned medium of THP-1 cells activated by low-dose LPS, whereas the expression of ADIPOQ was significantly increased. CONCLUSION: Low-dose LPS-activated macrophages convert adipocytes to anti-inflammatory phenotypes.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/metabolismo , Adiponectina/genética , Citocinas/genética , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidor 1 de Ativador de Plasminogênio/genética , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Ativação de Macrófagos
17.
Anticancer Res ; 41(8): 4093-4100, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281880

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We investigated the effect of Kumaizasa leaf extract (KLE) on innate immunity using the HEK293 and RAW 264.7 cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: KLE, lipopolysaccharides (LPS), or KLE with LPS were added to RAW 264.7 cells. The TNF-α and IL-1ß mRNA expression was then quantified. The expression of MAPKs, NFĸB, TNF-α and IL-1ß proteins was also quantified. In addition, KLE was added to HEK293 cells and the IL-8 concentration was measured. RESULTS: In RAW 264.7 cells, KLE increased the levels of TNF-α and IL-1ß mRNA. By contrast, when KLE and LPS were added to RAW 264.7 cells, the increase in TNF-α and IL-1ß mRNA was ameliorated. Similarly, the expression of JNK and ERK proteins was reduced. The addition of KLE to HEK293 cells induced IL-8 production. CONCLUSION: Based on these results, a KLE-mediated mechanism may regulate immunity by suppressing the expression of JNK and ERK, which are involved in inflammatory signal transduction.


Assuntos
Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Sasa , Animais , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/imunologia , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/imunologia , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/imunologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Camundongos , Folhas de Planta , Células RAW 264.7
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299000

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most common movement disorder, characterized by progressive degeneration of the nigrostriatal pathway, which consists of dopaminergic cell bodies in substantia nigra and their neuronal projections to the striatum. Moreover, PD is associated with an array of non-motor symptoms such as olfactory dysfunction, gastrointestinal dysfunction, impaired regulation of the sleep-wake cycle, anxiety, depression, and cognitive impairment. Inflammation and concomitant oxidative stress are crucial in the pathogenesis of PD. Thus, this study aimed to model PD via intrastriatal injection of the inflammagen lipopolysaccharide (LPS)to investigate if the lesion causes olfactory and motor impairments, inflammation, oxidative stress, and alteration in synaptic proteins in the olfactory bulb, striatum, and colon. Ten µg of LPS was injected unilaterally into the striatum of 27 male C57BL/6 mice, and behavioural assessment was conducted at 4 and 8 weeks post-treatment, followed by tissue collection. Intrastriatal LPS induced motor impairment in C57BL/6 mice at 8 weeks post-treatment evidenced by reduced latency time in the rotarod test. LPS also induced inflammation in the striatum characterized by increased expression of microglial marker Iba-1 and astrocytic marker GFAP, with degeneration of dopaminergic neuronal fibres (reduced tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity), and reduction of synaptic proteins and DJ-1 protein. Additionally, intrastriatal LPS induced inflammation, oxidative stress and alterations in synaptic proteins within the olfactory bulb, although this did not induce a significant impairment in olfactory function. Intrastriatal LPS induced mild inflammatory changes in the distal colon, accompanied by increased protein expression of 3-nitrotyrosine-modified proteins. This model recapitulated the major features of PD such as motor impairment and degeneration of dopaminergic neuronal fibres in the striatum, as well as some pathological changes in the olfactory bulb and colon; thus, this model could be suitable for understanding clinical PD and testing neuroprotective strategies.


Assuntos
Astrócitos/metabolismo , Colo/metabolismo , Corpo Estriado/metabolismo , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Bulbo Olfatório/metabolismo , Doença de Parkinson/metabolismo , Animais , Astrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Astrócitos/patologia , Escala de Avaliação Comportamental , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/metabolismo , Colo/patologia , Corpo Estriado/efeitos dos fármacos , Corpo Estriado/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/patologia , Proteína Glial Fibrilar Ácida/metabolismo , Imuno-Histoquímica , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Microglia/metabolismo , Microglia/patologia , Bulbo Olfatório/efeitos dos fármacos , Bulbo Olfatório/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença de Parkinson/patologia , Doença de Parkinson/psicologia , Proteína Desglicase DJ-1/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Substância Negra/metabolismo , Substância Negra/patologia , Tirosina 3-Mono-Oxigenase/metabolismo , alfa-Sinucleína/metabolismo
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299338

RESUMO

Obesity manifests itself with low-grade chronic inflammation that shapes immune responses during infection. Albeit obese individuals are at risk of higher mortality due to comorbidities, they are better protected from systemic inflammation. Recently, we showed that in the vasculature of obese mice kept on high-fat diet (HFD), neutrophils produce less neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) than in lean controls (normal diet, ND). NETs are used by neutrophils to counteract severe infection, but they also cause collateral damage. Hardly anything is known about metabolic requirements for their formation, especially in the context of obesity and/or sepsis. Thus, we aimed to study the immunometabolism of NET formation by application of ex vivo neutrophil analyses (Seahorse analyzer, selective inhibitors, confocal imaging) and intravital microscopy. The obtained data show that glycolysis and/or pentose phosphate pathway are involved in NETs release by ND neutrophils in both physiological and inflammatory conditions. In contrast, such cells of septic HFD mice utilize these routes only to spontaneously cast NETs, while after secondary ex vivo activation they exhibit so called "exhausted phenotype", which manifests itself in diminished NET release despite high glycolytic potential and flexibility to oxidize fatty acids. Moreover, impact of ATP synthase inhibition on NET formation is revealed. Overall, the study shows that the neutrophil potential to cast NETs depends on both the metabolic and inflammatory state of the individual.


Assuntos
Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Armadilhas Extracelulares/imunologia , Glicólise , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Obesidade/imunologia , Obesidade/patologia , Via de Pentose Fosfato , Sepse/metabolismo
20.
Phytochemistry ; 190: 112850, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217042

RESUMO

The phytochemical assessment of Cinnamomum migao H. W. Li fruits illustrated the isolation and identification of ten undescribed guaiane-type sesquiterpenoids "miganoids A-J″ and one undescribed sesquiterpene "7(S)-(hydroxypropanyl)-3-methyl-2-(4-oxopentyl) cyclohex-2-en-1-one". The extensive analysis of HRESIMS, 1D NMR, 2D NMR, experimental circular dichroism (ECD), and calculated (ECD) analysis entirely corroborated the configuration and confirmation of these isolated compounds. Moreover, the anti-inflammatory properties of the reported compounds were established by determining the LPS induced nitric oxide production. In the current study, miganoid C is testified the most active compound with about 89% NO inhibition. Additionally, miganoids C, E, and G also exhibited moderate inhibitory effects against the pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6). The IC50 values for miganoid C and miganoid G were determined as 19.4 and 14.5 µΜ against TNF-α mRNA, respectively.


Assuntos
Cinnamomum , Sesquiterpenos , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos de Guaiano
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