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1.
Urologiia ; (5): 28-32, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185342

RESUMO

PURPOSE: to determine the characteristics of the surgeon training curve in the development of percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The first 125 PNs performed by one team of surgeons were investigated. In chronological order, five groups of 25 operations were formed. The assessment was carried out according to the following parameters: the duration of the operation; the number of perioperative complications; stone free rate (SFR). RESULTS: With the advanced training of the surgical team, the duration of the operation tended to decrease; after 50 PN the time decreased from 164+/-12 to 113+/-11 minutes. The duration of the next 50 PN conducted in the third and fourth groups remained unchanged - 105+/-10 and 103+/-12 minutes. In the fifth group, a decrease in time to 99+/-9 minutes had no significant differences with the third and fourth groups. The frequency of complications tended to decrease up to the 75th operation, followed by a plateau. The structure was dominated by complications related, according to the modified Clavien-Dindo classification, to Grade I and Grade II. With the accumulation of surgeons experience, there was a tendency towards an increase in SFR: in the 1st group - 72%, in 2 - 84%, in 3 and 4 - 88%, in 5 - 92% (p<0,05). CONCLUSIONS: in order to achieve the average indicators of the duration and effectiveness of PN, the surgical team must have experience of at least 50 such operations. Due to the long training process, it is advisable to use PN in organization with an estimated number of such operations of at least 30 per year.


Assuntos
Curva de Aprendizado , Litotripsia , Litotripsia/métodos
2.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0237783, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017397

RESUMO

A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to explore the effect of a eutectic mixture of local anaesthetics (EMLA) on pain reduction during extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL). PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases (updated March 2020) were searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of EMLA for patients that underwent ESWL. The search strategy and study selection process were managed according to the PRISMA statement. Six RCTs were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, the results indicated that EMLA significantly reduced pain compared to the control group (RR = -2.98, 95% CI = -5.82 to -0.13, P = 0.04) with a heterogeneity of I2 = 57% (P = 0.04). Subgroup analysis showed that EMLA did not significantly reduce pain when the patients took an analgesic premedication (RR = -1.46, 95% CI = -5.89 to 2.98, P = 0.52) with a heterogeneity of I2 = 38% (P = 0.52). Conversely, studies without premedication showed a significant pain relief effect (RR = -4.08, 95% CI = -7.36 to -0.65, P = -0.80) with a heterogeneity of I2 = 48% (P = 0.14). Most studies showed there was no difference in the patient's need for analgesics. EMLA was effective for reducing pain during EWSL. However, this analgesic effect was limited and did not reduce the need for analgesics.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Combinados/administração & dosagem , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Combinação Lidocaína e Prilocaína/administração & dosagem , Litotripsia/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Administração Cutânea , Analgesia/métodos , Anestesia Local/métodos , Humanos , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21692, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899002

RESUMO

To explore the safety and effectiveness of ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy (UHLL) and ureteroscopic pneumatic lithotripsy (UPL) in the treatment of impacted ureteral calculi (IUC).Clinical data of 280 patients in our hospital from April 2016 to May 2019 were retrospectively collected and analyzed, including 136 cases of UHLL group and 144 cases of UPL group. The general clinical data, operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume, hospital stay, stone-free rate (SFR), and surgical complications were collected and analyzed in 2 group.Compared with UPL group, the operation time of UHLL group was significantly reduced (27.25 ±â€Š8.39 vs 34.32 ±â€Š10.57, P < .05), but the hospitalization cost was significantly increased (9.25 ±â€Š0.75 vs 8.24 ±â€Š0.51, P < .05). In terms of total SFR, the UHLL group was significantly higher than the UPL group (93.38% vs 83.33%, P = .011). For proximal IUC, compared with the UPL group, the SFR of the UHLL group was significantly increased (88.33% vs 70.31%, P = 0.005). For distal IUC, there was no significant difference in SFR (97.37% vs 93.75%, P = .638) between the UHLL group and UPL group. There were no significant differences in the complications of local mucosal injury, hematuria, febrile urinary tract infection, ureteral perforation, and urinary sepsis in the 2 groups (P > .05). However, the UHLL group was significantly lower in stone residual rate than the UPL group (6.61% vs 16.67%, P = .001).This study found that UHLL and UPL are safe and effective in the treatment of IUC, but UHLL has the advantages of shorter operation time and high SFR in the treatment of IUC.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Litotripsia/métodos , Cálculos Ureterais/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Litotripsia/economia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e21910, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) has gained worldwide popularity as one of the most commonly used minimally invasive management of urinary tract stones. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ESWL for patients with kidney stones (KS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This protocol established in this study has been reported following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols. Web of Science, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), China Knowledge Network Database (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), and Wan Fang Database were searched for case-control studies in ESWL treating patients with KS until July 1, 2020. We will use a combination of Medical Subject Heading and free-text terms with various synonyms to search based on the Eligibility criteria. Two investigators independently reviewed the included studies and extracted relevant data. The relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used as effect estimate. I test, substantial heterogeneity, sensitivity analysis, and publication bias assessment will be performed accordingly. Stata 14.0 and Review Manger 5.3 are used for a meta-analysis. RESULTS: The results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: The results of this review will be widely disseminated through peer-reviewed publications and conference presentations. This evidence may also provide helpful evidence of the efficacy and safety of ESWL treating patients with KS. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019157243.


Assuntos
Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas/métodos , Cálculos Renais/terapia , Litotripsia/métodos , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(25): e20602, 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32569188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of diuretics on extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) treatment of urolithiasis. METHODS: The databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Controlled Trial Register of Controlled Trials from January 1980 until November 2019 were searched to identify randomized controlled trials that referred to the use of diuretics on extracorporeal SWL treatment of urolithiasis. RESULTS: Six randomized controlled trials containing 1344 patients were included in this meta-analysis, which compared diuretics with placebo on extracorporeal SWL treatment of urolithiasis. In the analysis, we found that diuretics on extracorporeal SWL treatment were more effective for the management of urinary stones. Compared with placebo, patients who received diuretics during extracorporeal SWL treatment had significantly higher successful stone clearance rate (Odds ratio; 1.73, 95% confidence interval (CI); 1.35 to 2.21, P < .0001), higher stone fragmentation rate (odds ratio; 2.83, 95% CI; 1.30 to 6.16, P = .009), less average number of sessions per stone (mean difference; -0.13; 95% CI, -0.25 to -0.01, P = .03) and similar average number of shocks per stone (mean difference; -126.89; 95% CI, -394.53 to 140.76, P = .35). CONCLUSION: This systematic review and meta-analysis indicates that diuretics during extracorporeal SWL was effective in the management of urolithiasis with lower risk of complications.


Assuntos
Diuréticos/administração & dosagem , Litotripsia/métodos , Cálculos Urinários/tratamento farmacológico , Urolitíase/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Z Gastroenterol ; 58(4): 352-356, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32353887

RESUMO

Bouveret's syndrome is a rare complication resulting from gallstone disease. Both surgical and endoscopical procedures are performed, with the disease to be seen as strictly interdisciplinary. There are no well-established recommendations for this condition. In this paper, we want to describe our experience from 6 cases in 3 Swiss hospitals from 2015 to 2017 with emphasis on the endoscopic technique of electrohydraulic lithotripsy followed by balloon dilatation and propose a treatment algorithm.


Assuntos
Colelitíase/terapia , Obstrução Duodenal/etiologia , Obstrução Duodenal/terapia , Obstrução da Saída Gástrica/etiologia , Íleus/etiologia , Litotripsia/métodos , Colelitíase/diagnóstico , Obstrução Duodenal/patologia , Duodenoscopia , Obstrução da Saída Gástrica/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(19): e19915, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32384436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study will assess the effectiveness and safety of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) for patients with kidney stones (KS). METHODS: A comprehensive and systematic literature records search for studies will be conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, WANGFANG, VIP, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. All these databases will be searched from inception to the present without language limitation. Cochrane risk of bias tool will be used to assess the methodological quality for all included studies. Statistical analysis is performed using RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: This study will provide synthesis of current evidence of ESWL for patients with KS through assessing primary outcomes of overall stone-free rate, and secondary outcomes of mean stone size (mm), pain intensity, urinary biochemical variables, mean hospital stay (day), quality of life, and adverse events. CONCLUSION: This study will provide recommendations for the effectiveness and safety of ESWL for patients with KS, which may help to guide clinician. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42019157243.


Assuntos
Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas/métodos , Cálculos Renais/terapia , Litotripsia/métodos , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Gastroenterol. hepatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 43(4): 188-192, abr. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-190795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The presence of hepatolithiasis (HL) is prevalent in eastern countries. It is a clinical entity which is rarely reported in non-surgical series because the standard treatment is the surgical option. Currently, treatment has evolved, with the use of endoscopic techniques being increased and the number of hepatectomies being decreased. SpyGlass™ is a small-calibre endoscopic direct cholangiopancreatoscopy developed to explore and perform procedures in the bile and pancreatic ducts. Single-operator peroral cholangioscopy (POC) is an endoscopic technique useful for treating difficult bile duct stones. AIMS: To assess the usefulness, efficacy, and safety of POC with the SpyGlass™ system in patients with HL. Primary OBJECTIVES: to achieve technical success of the procedure and clinical success of patients with HL. Study design and PATIENTS: Retrospective, single-centre cohort study of patients with HL from April 2012 to August 2018. SpyGlass™ was chosen in symptomatic patients referred from the surgery unit as the first-line procedure. To perform electrohydraulic lithotripsy (EHL), we used a Northgate Autolith IEHL generator with a 0.66-mm biliary probe. RESULTS: We performed a total of 13 procedures in 7 patients with HL. The mean age was 46 years (range 35-65) and 3/7 of patients were female. We achieved technical success in 5/7 cases (71.4%) and clinical success in 4/7 cases (57%). DISCUSSION: SpyGlass™ is safe and effective in the treatment of HL. With these results, we confirm the need for management of patients with HL in a multidisciplinary team. When the endoscopic approach is the option, this procedure must be performed by experts in advanced endoscopy


INTRODUCCIÓN: La presencia de hepatolitiasis (HL) es frecuente en los países orientales. Es una entidad poco descrita en series no-quirúrgicas. El tratamiento estándar para esta entidad es la opción quirúrgica. Actualmente el tratamiento ha evolucionado, aumentando el uso de técnicas endoscópicas y disminuyendo el número de resecciones hepáticas quirúrgicas. SpyGlass™ es un colangiopancreatoscopio endoscópico directo de pequeño calibre desarrollado para explorar y realizar procedimientos en el conducto biliar y pancreático. La colangioscopia peroral de operador único (POC) es una técnica endoscópica útil para tratar los cálculos complejos de las vías biliares. OBJETIVOS: Evaluar la utilidad, la eficacia y la seguridad de la colangioscopia POC con el sistema SpyGlass™ en pacientes con HL. Objetivos primarios: éxito técnico del procedimiento y el éxito clínico de pacientes con HL. DISEÑO: del estudio y pacientes Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo, unicéntrico de pacientes con HL desde abril de 2012 hasta agosto de 2018. SpyGlass™ fue elegido en pacientes sintomáticos remitidos desde la unidad de cirugía como procedimiento de primera línea. Para realizar litotricia electrohidráulica (EHL) se utilizó un generador Northgate Autolith® IEHL con una sonda biliar de 0,66mm. RESULTADOS: Se incluyó en el estudio un total de 13 procedimientos en 7 pacientes con HL. La edad media fue de 46 años (rango: 35-65) y 3/7 de los pacientes eran mujeres. Se logró éxito técnico en 5/7 casos (71,4%) y éxito clínico en 4/7 casos (57%). DISCUSIÓN: SpyGlass™ es seguro y efectivo en el tratamiento de HL. Con estos resultados, confirmamos la necesidad del manejo de pacientes con HL en un grupo multidisciplinar. Cuando el enfoque endoscópico es opción, este procedimiento debe realizarse para endoscopistas avanzados expertos


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Litíase/cirurgia , Colangiografia/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Colelitíase/cirurgia , Litotripsia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Endoscopia/métodos , Cálculos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar/métodos , Litotripsia/instrumentação
13.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(1): 34-38, abr. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115447

RESUMO

Recently, intravascular lithoplasty (IVL) has been introduced as a novel technique for treating calcified intracoronary artery lesions. There are no reports of this intervention in Latin America. We report 2 cases in which IVL was successfully used to treat this type of coronary artery lesions.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Litotripsia/métodos , Aterectomia Coronária/métodos , Calcificação Vascular/terapia , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão
14.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0230059, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134993

RESUMO

The present systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted for investigating the effect of diuretics on the outcomes of shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) for the treatment of urinary stones. We performed searches of PubMed, Web of science, Embase, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases from inception to November 2019. RCTs were selected for assessing the effects of diuretics on fragmentation and clearance of urinary stones. The search strategy and study selection process were performed in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. Four RCTs were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, intervention groups experienced significant improvements in fragmentation compared with the control groups (risk ratio [RR] = 1.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.05-1.03, P = 0.02). However, stone clearance did not significantly differ between the intervention and control groups (RR = 1.23, 95% CI = 0.97-1.56, P = 0.08). The total numbers of shocks and sessions required were significantly reduced by the use of diuretics. Diuretics significantly enhance stone fragmentation for patients undergoing SWL. However, the improvement in stone clearance appears to be insignificant.


Assuntos
Diuréticos/administração & dosagem , Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas/métodos , Litotripsia/métodos , Urolitíase/terapia , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(13): e19611, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221084

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Kidney stone is caused by abnormal accumulation of crystalline substances in the kidneys. Kidney stone is one of the urinary system diseases with a high incidence. In this study, we will use the research method of randomized controlled trials to explore the effects of Traditional Chinese medicine combined with western medicine on renal function and urine metabolism in women with kidney stones. We hope that the results of this study will provide more evidence-based medical evidence for TCM to treat kidney stones, and also provide patients with more treatment options. METHODS/DESIGN: This pragmatic randomized controlled trial will recruit 100 patients who are diagnosed with kidney stone. Simple randomization to conventional drug treatment with a 1:1 allocation ratio will be used. The participants will continue to receive ESWL treatment and TCM therapy. The selection of outcomes will be evaluated by the overall effectiveness of clinical efficacy. DISCUSSION: This trial may provide evidence regarding the clinical effectiveness, safety, and cost-effectiveness of Traditional Chinese medicine for patients with Female kidney stone.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Litotripsia/métodos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Método Simples-Cego , Adulto Jovem
16.
Actas urol. esp ; 44(2): 103-110, mar. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192843

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: Debido a la ausencia de instrumentos específicos para estudiar la esfera psicosocial de los pacientes que reciben litotricia extracorpórea por ondas de choque (LEOC), el objetivo es desarrollar un cuestionario de satisfacción respecto al tratamiento recibido con LEOC a partir de un cuestionario de salud ya diseñado y validado previamente. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: El diseño del cuestionario de satisfacción se realizó en 5 fases a partir de una escala de salud en pacientes tratados con LEOC (ESPTL) ya validada previamente, utilizando una muestra total de 135 pacientes tratados en nuestro centro a los que se entrevistó por vía telefónica. En la fase 1 se realizó análisis descriptivo de la serie y de las puntuaciones de los 8 ítems de ESPTL. En la fase 2 se compararon las puntuaciones de ESPTL según sexo con U-Mann Whitney, estudiando la correlación con la edad mediante Rho de Spearman en la fase 3. En la fase 3 se compararon las puntuaciones de los factores de ESPTL según el sexo y se analizó la correlación con la edad al igual que en las fases 2 y 3 con la puntuación global. En la fase 5 se obtuvo la subescala de satisfacción-SATISLIT- y se realizó análisis descriptivo, comparación según sexo, correlación con la edad y modelo de regresión lineal con respecto a ESPTL. RESULTADOS: Ciento treinta y cinco pacientes, 85 (63%) hombres, 50 (37%) mujeres. Mediana (mínimo-máximo) de edad 56 (27-79) y puntuación ESPTL 31 (8-39). Diferencias en puntuación global ESPTL entre hombres y mujeres (p < 0,001), así como en los ítems 1 (p = 0,029), 3 (p = 0,002), 6 (p = 0,006), 7 (p = 0,005) y 8 (p = 0,025). Correlación no significativa de ESPTL con la edad. Significativa en ítems 2, 4, 5 y 8 pero correlación muy débil (< 0,2). Cuatrofactores con 2 ítems cada uno, con diferencias estadísticamente significativas según sexo en F2 (p = 0,001), F3 (p = 0,007) y F4 (p = 0,001). Correlación significativa con la edad únicamente en F1 y F3 pero muy débil (< 0,2). Mediana (mínimo-máximo) SATISLIT 18 (4-20). Diferencias estadísticamente significativas según sexo (p = 0,001). Correlación no significativa con la edad (p = 0,836). Regresión lineal de SATISLIT con respecto a ESPTL significativa (p < 0,001). CONCLUSIONES: El trabajo realizado a partir de un cuestionario validado de salud ha proporcionado un nuevo instrumento de evaluación de la satisfacción tras tratamiento con LEOC llamado SATISLIT. Serán necesarios futuros estudios de validación externa y validación temporal para contrastar su verdadera utilidad clínica


INTRODUCTION: Due to the absence of specific instruments to study the psychosocial sphere of patients undergoing extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL), the objective of this study is to develop a satisfaction questionnaire regarding the SWL treatment from a health questionnaire which was already designed and had been previously validated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The design of the satisfaction questionnaire was carried out in 5 phases, based on a previously validated health scale in patients treated with SWL (ESPTL), including a total cohort of 135 patients treated at our center who received a phone interview. Phase 1: descriptive analysis of the series and scores of the 8 items of ESPTL. Phase 2: U-Mann Whitney comparison of ESPTL based on the patients' sex. Phase 3: study of ESPTL correlation with age using Spearman's Rho. Phase 4: grouping by factors of ESPTL, comparison by sex and correlation with age, as performed in phases 2 and 3 with the global score. Phase 5: obtaining the satisfaction subscale -SATISLIT-, descriptive analysis, comparison according to sex, correlation with age and linear regression model of SATISLIT with respect to ESPTL. RESULTS: 135 patients, 85(63%) men, 50(37%) women. Median (minimum-maximum) age 56 (27-79) and ESPTL score 31 (8-39). Differences in global ESPTL score between men and women (p < .001), as well as in items 1 (p =.029), 3 (p = .002), 6 (p = .006), 7 (p = .005) and 8 (p = .025). Non-significant correlation of ESPTL regarding age. Significant correlation in items 2, 4, 5 and 8 but, very weak (< 0.2).4 factors, each one with 2 items, with statistically significant differences regarding sex in F2 (p = .001), F3 (p =.007) and F4 (p = .001). Significant correlation with age only in F1 and F3, but very weak (< 0.2). Median (minimum-maximum) SATISLIT 18 (4-20). Statistically significant differences regarding patients' sex (p =.001). Non- significant correlation with age (p =.836). Significant linear regression of SATISLIT with respect to ESPTL (p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Based on validated health questionnaire, the present work has provided a new instrument called SATISLIT for assessing patients' satisfaction after treatment with SWL. Future studies with external and temporal validation will be necessary to contrast its real clinical usefulness


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Inquéritos e Questionários , Satisfação do Paciente , Litotripsia/métodos , Urolitíase/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Entrevistas como Assunto
17.
Vet Surg ; 49 Suppl 1: O138-O147, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32128849

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the use and outcome of percutaneous cystolithotomy (PCCL) for removal of urethral and bladder stones in dogs and cats. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Sixty-eight client-owned dogs and cats. METHODS: Records were reviewed and analyzed for dogs and cats that underwent PCCL between January 2012 and December 2017. Signalment, clinical presentation, laboratory and imaging data, procedure time, use of lithotripsy, biopsy, perioperative and immediate postoperative complications, hospitalization times, stone composition, and urine culture results were recorded. Owners were contacted by phone or email 3 weeks after the procedure. Follow-up communications with the owner and referring veterinarian were also recorded. RESULTS: Seventy percutaneous cystolithotomies were performed in 59 dogs and nine cats. The median duration of the procedure was 95 minutes (45-420), and lithotripsy was required in 3% (2/70) of PCCL. Complications during the procedure were reported in one case. In eighty-three percent of procedures (58/70), animals were discharged within 24 hours postoperative. Twenty-four percent (16/68) of animals had minor complications (lower urinary tract signs), and one dog had a major complication (surgical wound dehiscence) during the 3 weeks after the operation. Long-term follow-up revealed stone recurrence in 21% of cases followed more than a year after the procedure (7/33). CONCLUSION: Percutaneous cystolithotomy allowed removal of bladder and urethral stones with rapid postoperative recovery and few major perioperative or short-term postoperative complications. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Percutaneous cystolithotomy provides an attractive minimally invasive surgical alternative for removal of lower urinary tract stones in small animals.


Assuntos
Doenças do Gato/cirurgia , Cistotomia/veterinária , Doenças do Cão/cirurgia , Litotripsia/veterinária , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/veterinária , Cálculos da Bexiga Urinária/veterinária , Animais , Gatos , Cistotomia/métodos , Cães , Feminino , Litotripsia/métodos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Período Pós-Operatório , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória , Doenças Uretrais
18.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2604, 2020 02 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054869

RESUMO

Although postoperative cholangioscopy (POC) guided electrohydraulic lithotripsy (EHL) is considered to be a conventional technique for residual biliary calculi, its efficacy still needs to be improved to fit in the managemet of refractory calculi. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of combined lithotripsy of mechanical clamping and electrohydraulics in fragmentation and removal of refractory calculi. Totally, 281 patients, who suffered from residual biliary calculi after hepatectomy and underwnet POC from August 2016 to June 2018 were involved. The first 128 patients were subjected to conventional EHL, and later consective 153 to combined lithotripsyof mechanical clamping and EHL. Perioperative data, technical information, treatment outcomes and follow-up results were collected. Clinical characteristics were statistically comparable (P > 0.05). The overall POC interventional sessions (2.0 ± 0.65 vs. 2.9 ± 1.21 sessions), average operating time (99.1 ± 34.88 vs. 128.6 ± 72.87 minutes), incidence of intraoperative hemobilia (4.58% vs. 10.93%), cholangitis (6.54% vs. 14.06%), postoperative complications (10.45% vs. 21.87%), T-tube retaining time after first POC (20.7 ± 5.35 vs. 28.1 ± 8.28 days), and treatment costs ($2375 ± 661.72 vs. $3456.7 ± 638.07) were significantly lower in the combined lithotripsy group than those in the EHL group (P < 0.05). There were no differences between the two groups in calculi recurrence at half-a year, or one year follow-up. In conclusion, combined lithotripsy of mechanical clamping and electrohydraulics can safely and effectively benefit postoperative patients along with refractory residual biliary calculi.


Assuntos
Coledocolitíase/cirurgia , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Litotripsia/métodos , Adulto , Endoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Lasers Med Sci ; 35(8): 1765-1768, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32002744

RESUMO

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) is the primary treatment option for renal stones > 20 mm in diameter. Mini-PNL gained popularity with its minimally invasive nature. The aim of this study was to compare the efficiency of ballistic and laser lithotripsy with the combined use of both techniques. Data of 312 patients underwent mini-PNL for renal stones with Hounsfield Unit > 1000 was investigated retrospectively. We identified 104 patients underwent combined ballistic and laser lithotripsy. Propensity score technique was used to create the laser and ballistic lithotripsy groups. Groups were matched on stone size, stone density, and Guy's stone score. Primary end point of the study was to compare the stone free rate (SFR), complication rates, and duration of surgery. Mean age of the population was 49.4 ± 6.1, stone size was 24.6 ± 6.3 mm, and stone density was 1215 ± 89 HU. The groups were similar for age, stone size, stone density, and Guy's stone score. The SFR and the complication rates of the 3 groups were similar (p = 0.67). The duration of the surgery was shorter in the combined group (46.1 ± 6.3 min) compared to the laser lithotripsy (54.5 ± 6.6 min) and ballistic lithotripsy (57.2 ± 6.9 min) groups. Both laser and ballistic lithotripsy are effective methods for stone fragmentation during mini-PNL. Combined use of both methods has the potential to improve the fragmentation rates and diminish the operative times in case of high density stones.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Litotripsia a Laser , Litotripsia/métodos , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Curr Opin Urol ; 30(2): 120-129, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31990816

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of the article is to evaluate the actual role of extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in the management of urolithiasis based on the new developments of flexible ureterorenoscopy (FURS) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). RECENT FINDINGS: In Western Europe, there is a significant change of techniques used for treatment of renal stones with an increase of FURS and a decrease of ESWL. The reasons for this include the change of indications, technical improvement of the endourologic armamentarium, including robotic assistance. Mostly relevant is the introduction of digital reusable and single-use flexible ureterorenoscopes, whereas micro-PCNL has been abandoned. Some companies have stopped production of lithotripters and novel ideas to improve the efficacy of shock waves have not been implemented in the actual systems. Promising shock-wave technologies include the use of burst-shock-wave lithotripsy (SWL) or high-frequent ESWL. The main advantage would be the very fast pulverization of the stone as shown in in-vitro models. SUMMARY: The role of ESWL in the management of urolithiasis is decreasing, whereas FURS is constantly progressing. Quality and safety of intracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy using holmium:YAG-laser under endoscopic control clearly outweighs the advantages of noninvasive ESWL. To regain ground, new technologies like burst-SWL or high-frequent ESWL have to be implemented in new systems.


Assuntos
Endoscopia , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Litotripsia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Endoscopia/métodos , Endoscopia/tendências , Humanos , Terapia a Laser , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Litotripsia/métodos , Litotripsia/tendências , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/métodos , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/tendências , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento , Ureteroscopia/instrumentação , Ureteroscopia/métodos , Ureteroscopia/tendências , Urolitíase/cirurgia
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