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1.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 741, 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38982417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As societal evolution unfolds in China, individuals with physical disabilities are increasingly provided opportunities in higher education, particularly in the field of medicine. However, these medical students often encounter bias in their work environments, including during internships, which fosters self-stigma and impedes their experience for workplace well-being (WWB). Such a decrease in WWB detrimentally affects not only their mental health in the workplace but also hinders their sense of personal worth and assimilation into broader society. This study aims to examine the challenges faced by medical students with physical disabilities in China as they aspire to achieve WWB, and to explore potential intervention strategies. METHODS: Leveraging cognitive consistency theory (CCT), we introduces a conceptual framework to examine the relationships among self-stigma, perceived discrimination, and WWB. It also investigates the role of trait mindfulness as a potential mitigating factor in this dynamic. We employed the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (ISMIS), Discrimination Perception Questionnaire (DPQ), Workplace Well-being Subscale (WWBS), and Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) to survey 316 medical students with physical disabilities. Statistical analyses, including correlation, regression, and moderated mediation effect assessments, were conducted using SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 24.0. RESULTS: A notable negative correlation exists between self-stigma and WWB (r = -0.56, p < 0.01). Perceived discrimination partially mediates the relationship between self-stigma and WWB. The direct effect of self-stigma and its mediating effect through perceived discrimination account for 60.71% and 21.43% of the total effect, respectively. Trait mindfulness moderates the latter part of this mediating pathway. Moderation models indicate that trait mindfulness has a significant negative moderating effect on the impact of perceived discrimination on WWB (ß = -0.10, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Self-stigma adversely affects the positive work experiences of medical students with physical disabilities by eliciting a heightened sensitivity to discriminatory cues, thereby undermining their WWB. Trait mindfulness can effectively counter the detrimental effects of perceived discrimination on WWB. Consequently, this study advocates for the systematic incorporation of mindfulness training into educational services and workplace enhancement programs for medical students with disabilities, aiming to foster an inclusive and supportive external environment.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Atenção Plena , Estigma Social , Estudantes de Medicina , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , China , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Masculino , Feminino , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Autoimagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 384, 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38982552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This theoretical model has been drawn on principles of social exchange theory to scrutinize the connection between organizational virtuousness and job performance with the mediating role of Organizational citizenship behavior and moderating role of workplace ostracism. A survey was conducted in Pakistan, gathering data from 486 employees working for various private and commercial banks. METHOD: Soft and hard questionnaires were distributed to the participants, with social media platforms used for the soft questionnaires and meetings with employees for the hard questionnaires. A 7-point Likert scale was employed in data collection, and measures for the variables were adapted from reliable and valid sources. A demographic analysis was performed to summarize the sample collected from participants. The demographics results were analyzed using SPSS, while the measurement model and path analysis were conducted using Structural Equational Modeling with Smart PLS-4. RESULTS: The study's findings showed a significant and positive relationship between organizational virtuousness and job performance, with organizational citizenship behavior serving as a mediator. Additionally, a negative moderation of workplace ostracism was observed in the mediation of organizational citizenship behavior toward the relationship between organizational virtuousness and job performance. CONCLUSION: The study's results contribute to the implementation of social exchange theory and related concepts in the banking sector of Pakistan, providing practical guidance for implementing virtuous practices within organizations and discouraging ostracism in banks to enhance overall performance. The study suggests that policies regarding the implementation of virtuous practices in organizations can be established, and workplace ostracism can be avoided by providing a platform for social gatherings and training employees. Managers should adopt appropriate leadership styles and relevant communication patterns to impact the organizational climate which can also help reduce the influence of ostracism in the organization. Additionally, a complaint cell should be established with complete confidentiality to reduce ostracism.


Assuntos
Cultura Organizacional , Desempenho Profissional , Humanos , Adulto , Feminino , Paquistão , Masculino , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração , Inquéritos e Questionários , Comportamento Social , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Classes Latentes , Adulto Jovem
3.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1387976, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38983262

RESUMO

Introduction: Among clinical healthcare personnel, nurses face the highest proportion of workplace violence, which has a significant impact on their physical and mental well-being as well as their personal and professional lives. However, little is known about the effects of workplace violence on inexperienced breastfeeding nurses and their experiences during and after breastfeeding when they return to work. This study aimed to explore the experiences of inexperienced breastfeeding nurses who encountered workplace violence and its resulting impacts. Methods: This study employed a descriptive qualitative design. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 nurses working in various positions and departments at three tertiary hospitals. Purposive and maximum variation sampling techniques were employed. The interview data were analyzed using Colaizzi's method, and the research findings were reported according to Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Studies (COREQ)standards. Results: Inferences regarding workplace violence and risks for inexperienced breastfeeding nurses included physical labor (such as lifting heavy objects and performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation), conflicts, inadequate job skills, role confusion, occupational exposure risks, patient violence, and pressure from older adults. An inductive thematic investigation revealed the "Challenges faced during breastfeeding," "Conflicting professional and family roles," "Out of balance," and "Coping strategies." Conclusion: Inexperienced breastfeeding nurses experience several negative consequences due to workplace violence. Therefore, it is essential to plan and implement preventive strategies and management programs that specifically target workplace violence among inexperienced breastfeeding nurses.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Violência no Trabalho , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Violência no Trabalho/psicologia , Violência no Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Entrevistas como Assunto , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem Hospitalar/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem Hospitalar/estatística & dados numéricos , Lactação/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
5.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 74(6): 1079-1083, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38948975

RESUMO

Objectives: To identify the social intelligence of medical educationists, and the coping strategies used to deal with workplace challenges. METHODS: The mixed-method study with an explanatory sequential design was conducted from March 15 to July 30, 2021, after approval from the ethics review committee of Riphah International University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, and comprised medical educationists working in medical and dental colleges and institutions across the country. Data was collected using Tromso social intelligence scale in the quantitative phase. The socially intelligent educationists were identified, and were interviewed. Qualitative data was subjected to thematic analysis to identify predominant themes explaining the coping strategies used. RESULTS: In the quantitative phase, there were 80 participants; 51(63.7%) females and 29(36.3%) males, with 24(30%) having >10 years of professional experience. Of them, 11(13.8%) scored low, 54(67.5%) moderate and 15(18.8%) high on the social intelligence scale. In the qualitative phase, there were 13 subjects; 9(69.2%) females and 4(30.8%) males. There were 4 themes identified as coping strategies; inspire respect and trust, bringing readiness before a change, a collaborative and inclusive approach and use of soft skills. CONCLUSIONS: Variation was seen in the levels of social intelligence among medical educationists working in academic institutions. Those with high levels of social intelligence used their non-cognitive soft skills to manage workplace challenges.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Paquistão , Adulto , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional , Confiança , Pessoal de Educação/psicologia
6.
Perspect Med Educ ; 13(1): 357-367, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38948402

RESUMO

Introduction: The healthcare landscape has a growing emphasis on health promotion (HP), which makes HP important in the training of future physicians. This study employed design-based research to develop a clerkship focused on HP and to outline design principles for shaping workplace learning environments to promote HP learning. Methods: We evaluated a nursing-home clerkship designed at Radboud University Medical Center in the Netherlands, and refined it over three rounds. Data collection involved individual and group interviews with students and supervisors, as well as observations during clerkship-related meetings and activities. These interactions also facilitated the exchange of perspectives between participants and generation of new design ideas, fostering co-creation of the clerkship design. Data were analyzed through iterative thematic inquiry to inform new design choices and develop design principles. Results: Evolved clerkship designs included an app for capturing practice experiences to discuss in relation to students' professional roles, loosening the strict assessment structure, and collaborative creation of a practice assignment about 'Positive Health'. We constructed four design principles, including: to question and discuss students' professional identity, provide concrete and meaningful assignments, aim for a peer-learner role for supervisors, and foster co-creation of the workplace learning environment. Discussion: Our design principles support the design of workplace-based learning for HP, a subject that is novel within healthcare practice. We find that co-creation of workplace-based learning, which requires embracing uncertainty, is pivotal in this context, for students, practitioners, and educational institutions.


Assuntos
Estágio Clínico , Promoção da Saúde , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/normas , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Países Baixos , Estágio Clínico/métodos , Aprendizagem , Pesquisa Qualitativa
7.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1750, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38951781

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Public health and working life are closely related. Even though Norway is one of the world's most equality-oriented countries, working life is still divided by gender. Women have a lower rate of participation in working life than men, they work more part-time and they have a higher sickness absence. Research has mostly focused on structural and cultural reasons for gender differences, rather than on the fact that women and men have different biology and face different health challenges. The aim of this project was to explore experienced associations between women's health and female participation in working life. METHODS: Qualitative methods were chosen for investigating women's experiences. We carried out in-depth interviews with 11 female high school teachers and supplemented the material with a focus group with five managers from the same organisation. The interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. We used the six steps of reflexive thematic analysis for consistency in the analysis process. RESULTS: The teachers shared a variety of experienced health issues within the field of women's health and perceived barriers in the work environment. Four main themes were identified: (1) invisibility of women's health at work, (2) complexity and lack of recognition of women's health at work, (3) women's health in work environment and (4) women's health and role conflicts. There were few contradictions between the two informant groups. We found that health, work and total life intertwine and that complexity, lack of recognition and invisibility of women's health appear at different levels in a mutual influence: for the women themselves, in the organisation and in society. CONCLUSION: Lack of recognition and invisibility of women's health in the work environment is suggested to influence women's work participation. The complexity of female health is not captured by gender-neutral structures in the work environment meant to protect and promote employees' occupational health. Recognition of women's health in the work context can therefore contribute to a gender-equal, health-promoting and sustainable working life.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Qualitativa , Professores Escolares , Saúde da Mulher , Humanos , Feminino , Noruega , Adulto , Professores Escolares/psicologia , Professores Escolares/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Grupos Focais , Entrevistas como Assunto , Saúde Ocupacional , Instituições Acadêmicas , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
8.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 574, 2024 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38961322

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Research suggests that frailty is associated with lower physical activity and well-being in old age, but social activities at work may facilitate physical activity and its positive effect on well-being among older employees with frailty. This study, therefore, ascertained whether there is a moderated mediation of the association of frailty, Workplace Social Activity (WSA), and well-being by Physical Activity (PA). METHODS: The study adopted a cross-sectional design with relevant sensitivity analyses for confounding. The participants were within two Ghanaian samples with different income levels (low-income, n = 897, and higher income, n = 530). The minimum samples were calculated, and the statistical models were tested with Haye's Process Model through structural equation modelling. RESULTS: Frailty was negatively associated with PA, and this relationship was moderated by WSA in both samples. Higher frailty was directly and indirectly associated with lower well-being in the higher-income sample but only indirectly associated with lower well-being in the low-income sample. The mediation of PA in the frailty-well-being relationship is partial in the higher-income sample but complete in the low-income sample. There was evidence of moderated mediation in both samples. CONCLUSION: WSA may reduce the strength of the negative association of frailty with PA and well-being among older employees in both samples. Workplace interventions aimed at enhancing WSA may encourage PA and enhance well-being among older employees with frailty.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Fragilidade , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Fragilidade/psicologia , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Gana/epidemiologia , Renda , Análise de Mediação
9.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1352646, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38966702

RESUMO

Introduction: Attention to work addiction risk is growing; however, more studies are needed to explore the possible impact of work addiction risk on various aspects of employees' work and life domains. Although several studies have considered the antecedents or consequences of work addiction risk, this study particularly focuses on sleep quality as a potential explanatory underlying mechanism in the relation between work addition risk and three outcome variables including stress at home, stress at work and well-being. Method: The data was collected using an online platform and participants consisted of 188 French employees who were selected using simple random sampling method. Participants responded to the survey including the Work Addiction Risk Test (WART), stress at work, well-being, and sleep quality. The data was analyzed using JASP and SPSS-26 programs. Results: The results revealed that there are significant positive relationships between work addiction risk and both stress at home and at work and negative relationships between work addiction risk and both sleep quality and well-being. In addition, the analyses of the mediation paths suggest the significant mediation role of sleep quality for the link between work addition risk and stress at work as well as the link between work addiction risk and well-being. Discussion: Given the verified mediating role of sleep quality in the relationship between work addiction, stress and wellbeing, it is recommended that organizations and companies pay particular attention to their employees' sleep quality.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Qualidade do Sono , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , França , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Fatores de Risco , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
10.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 374, 2024 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38956720

RESUMO

AIMS: The representation of companion animals, or pets, has been changing recently. Research concerning how pets influence employees' work-related well-being has also started to take its first steps. This research aimed to analyze (1) how managers perceive pet-friendly practices and their main effects at work, and (2) the impact of such practices on employees' well-being and work engagement. Relying on the social exchange perspective and the self-determination theory it was hypothesized that pet-friendly practices would positively influence employees' well-being and work engagement by satisfying their three basic needs (autonomy, competence, and relatedness). METHODOLOGY: Two studies with mixed methods were conducted. The first and exploratory study resorted to semi-structured interviews with six managers. The second was a two-wave study conducted with a large sample of workers (N = 379). RESULTS: The first study highlighted the primary advantages and disadvantages of pet-friendly practices, along with the various obstacles and limitations, and proposed managerial strategies to overcome them. Managers generally expressed interest and enthusiasm about the topic but also pointed out challenges in implementing a pet-friendly strategy due to the limited number of empirical studies demonstrating its benefits. The second study's findings indicated that pet-friendly practices positively impacted employees' work engagement and well-being by fulfilling their needs for competence, autonomy, and relatedness. ORIGINALITY: Overall, Portugal is seen as having a conservative culture, which slows the dissemination and implementation of these measures. To overcome these challenges, several managerial recommendations have been proposed. Raising awareness and fostering discussion on the topic are crucial steps toward integrating pet-friendly policies into human resources management.


Assuntos
Animais de Estimação , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Animais , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração , Adulto , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Engajamento no Trabalho
11.
PLoS One ; 19(7): e0304620, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38959222

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare workers faced grave responsibilities amidst rapidly changing policies and material and staffing shortages. Moral injury, psychological distress following events where actions transgress moral beliefs/ expectations, increased among healthcare workers. We used a sequential mixed methods approach to examine workplace and contextual factors related to moral injury early in the pandemic. Using a Total Worker Health® framework, we 1) examined factors associated with moral injury among active healthcare professionals (N = 14,145) surveyed between May-August 2020 and 2) qualitatively analyzed open-ended responses from 95 randomly selected participants who endorsed moral injury on the survey. Compared to inpatient hospital, outpatient (OR = 0.74 [0.65, 0.85]) or school clinic settings (OR = 0.37 [0.18, 0.75]) were associated with lower odds of moral injury; while group care settings increased odds (OR = 1.36 [1.07, 1.74]). Working with COVID+ patients (confirmed+ OR = 1.27 [1.03, 1.55]), PPE inadequacy (OR = 1.54 [1.27, 1.87]), and greater role conflict (OR = 1.57 [1.53, 1.62]) were associated with greater odds of moral injury. Qualitative findings illustrate how outside factors as well as organizational policies and working conditions influenced moral injury. Moral injury experiences affected staff turnover and patient care, potentially producing additional morally injurious effects. Worker- and patient-centered organizational policies are needed to prevent moral injury among healthcare workers. The generalizability of these findings may be limited by our predominantly white and female sample. Further research is indicated to replicate these findings in minoritized samples.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pessoal de Saúde , Pandemias , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Princípios Morais , SARS-CoV-2 , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Equipamento de Proteção Individual
12.
Nurs Philos ; 25(3): e12488, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38963874

RESUMO

Emancipatory practice development (ePD) is a practitioner-led research methodology which enables workplace transformation. Underpinned by the critical paradigm, ePD works through facilitation and workplace learning, with people in their local context on practice issues that are significant to them. Its purpose is to embed safe, person-centred learning cultures which transform individuals and workplaces. In this article, we critically reflect on a year-long ePD study in an acute care hospital ward. We explore the challenges of practice change within systems, building collective strength with frontline collaborations and leadership to sustain new learning cultures. Our work advances practice development dialogue through working closely with the underpinning theories. Our critique analyses how ePD can enact and sustain change within a complex system. We argue that ePD works to strengthen safety cultures by challenging antidemocratic practices through communicative action. By opening communicative spaces, ePD enables staff to collectively deliberate and reach consensus. Their raised awareness supports staff to resist ways of working which conspire against safe patient care. Sustainability of practice change is fostered by the co-operative democracies created within the frontline team and meso level enablement. We conclude that the democratising potential of ePDt generates staff agency at the frontline.


Assuntos
Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/normas , Democracia , Liderança , Cultura Organizacional
14.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1788, 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38965519

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many people experience forms of gender-based violence and harassment (GBVH) in the context of their work. This includes a wide range of experiences, from subtle expressions of hostility to physical assault, that can also be of a sexual nature (e.g., sexual harassment or assault). This systematic review aimed to summarize findings about the prospective associations of work-related GBVH with people's health and occupational situation. METHODS: We followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Scopus, Web of Science, MEDLINE and PsycINFO were searched for prospective studies in English from 1990 to May 24, 2023. Studies were included if they concerned a working population, exposure to any form of GBVH in the work context, and a health outcome or manifest occupational outcome. Quality was assessed with a modified version of the Cochrane 'Tool to Assess Risk of Bias in Cohort Studies', and studies assessed as low quality were excluded from the narrative synthesis. For the narrative synthesis, we grouped the results by similar exposures and outcomes and reported the strength and statistical significance of the associations. RESULTS: Of the 1 937 screened records, 29 studies were included in the narrative synthesis. Studies were mainly conducted in the USA and northern Europe and investigated exposure to sexual violence or harassment (SVH). Only two included studies investigated non-sexual kinds of GBVH. Consistently, studies showed associations of work-related SVH with poor mental health and there were indications of an association with hazardous substance use. There was no consistent evidence for an association of SVH with subsequent sickness absence, and there were too few studies concerning physical health and occupational outcomes to synthesize the results. CONCLUSIONS: There is consistent evidence of work-related SVH as a risk factor for subsequent poor mental health. There is no indication that the health consequences of SVH differ between women and men, although women are more often affected. There is a need for conceptual consistency, the consideration of non-sexual behaviors and prospective studies that test clear hypotheses about the temporal sequence of events.


Assuntos
Violência de Gênero , Assédio Sexual , Humanos , Violência de Gênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência de Gênero/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Assédio Sexual/psicologia , Assédio Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Ocupacional , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Feminino , Masculino , Violência no Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência no Trabalho/psicologia
15.
J Gerontol Nurs ; 50(7): 19-26, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38959510

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the relationship among resilience, stress, and demographic factors in certified nursing assistants (CNAs) who worked in long-term care institutions during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. METHOD: A cross-sectional correlation-based research design was used. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, and Occupational Stress Scale. CNAs from 21 long-term care institutions in Taiwan were recruited. RESULTS: This study included 118 female and 26 male CNAs (response rate = 80%). Mean age was 46.8 years. A moderately negative correlation was found between workplace resilience and stress. Overall, being a woman and parent were found to be significantly correlated with CNAs' resilience. Furthermore, resilience and shift work were important predictors of stress. CONCLUSION: We suggest that leadership and management pay more attention to CNAs' basic demographic background information. Furthermore, timely, relevant strategies can be provided to enhance resilience and reduce workplace stress. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 50(7), 19-26.].


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Assistência de Longa Duração , Assistentes de Enfermagem , Estresse Ocupacional , Resiliência Psicológica , Humanos , COVID-19/enfermagem , COVID-19/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Assistentes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Casas de Saúde , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1411688, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952733

RESUMO

Background: Occupational stress and job satisfaction significantly impact the well-being and performance of healthcare professionals, including radiologists. Understanding the complex interplay between these factors through network analysis can provide valuable insights into intervention strategies to enhance workplace satisfaction and productivity. Method: In this study, a convenience sampling method was used to recruit 312 radiologists for participation. Data on socio-demographic characteristics, job satisfaction measured by the Minnesota job satisfaction questionnaire revised short version (MJSQ-RSV), and occupational stress assessed using the occupational stress scale. Network analysis was employed to analyze the data in this study. Results: The network analysis revealed intricate patterns of associations between occupational stress and job satisfaction symptoms among radiologists. Organizational management and occupational interests emerged as crucial nodes in the network, indicating strong relationships within these domains. Additionally, intrinsic satisfaction was identified as a central symptom with high connectivity in the network structure. The stability analysis demonstrated robustness in the network edges and centrality metrics, supporting the reliability of the findings. Conclusion: This study sheds light on the complex relationships between occupational stress and job satisfaction in radiologists, offering valuable insights for targeted interventions and support strategies to promote well-being and job satisfaction in healthcare settings.


Assuntos
Satisfação no Emprego , Estresse Ocupacional , Radiologistas , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiologistas/psicologia , Radiologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
17.
Nurs Adm Q ; 48(3): 234-236, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38848485

RESUMO

Health care leaders need to measure their workforce and operational performance in a more comprehensive manner to fully understand the interplay of the many variables that influence performance and the employee experience in health systems. Nurse leaders have an opportunity to leverage that understanding to provide the clinical workforce with a measurably improved workplace.


Assuntos
Liderança , Enfermeiros Administradores , Humanos , Enfermeiros Administradores/tendências , Local de Trabalho/normas , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
18.
Nurs Adm Q ; 48(3): 218-224, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38848483

RESUMO

The provision of modern health care in the United States faces significant challenges, as evidenced by multiple national reports of a workforce in distress. In response to these challenges, the practice of coaching emerges as a transformative skill, recommended for individuals in high-stress environments. Coaching in health care focuses on developing nurses and building teams by fostering self-understanding, deploying strengths, improving relational strategies, and gaining moral clarity. It serves as a potent strategy for nurse leaders to navigate the complexities of their systems. This paper explores the practice of coaching as an important mindset and skill. A coaching mindset is characterized by trust, deep listening, curiosity, embracing both/and thinking, discernment over judgment, and fosters an environment where nurses can flourish. It promotes a shift from telling to asking, empowering individuals to contribute innovative ideas and solutions. Additionally, the paper provides guidance for coaching and tools for maintaining a coaching mindset in the face of chronic stress. By fostering a coaching mindset, employing powerful questions, and using tools to sustain emotional integrity, leaders can empower nurses to thrive in complexity, enhance workplace well-being, and contribute to a resilient health care culture.


Assuntos
Liderança , Tutoria , Humanos , Tutoria/métodos , Estados Unidos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/normas , Enfermeiros Administradores/psicologia
19.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1568, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To solve the problem of workplace bullying among nurses, it is necessary to review the effects of interventions and generalize the findings. We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of cognitive rehearsal programs on workplace bullying among hospital nurses. METHODS: Data were collected from March 30 to April 11, 2021, and 11,048 journal articles published in South Korea and internationally were examined across eight databases. Nine articles were selected for inclusion in the systematic literature review; five of the nine studies were included in the meta-analysis. For randomized controlled trials, the risk of bias was evaluated, and for non-randomized controlled trials, the study quality was evaluated using the Risk of Bias for Non-randomized Studies version 2.0. Egger's regression test was performed to determine publication bias. RESULTS: Of the nine articles selected for this study, two were randomized controlled trials and seven were non-randomized controlled trials. The I2 value was 18.9%, indicating non-significant heterogeneity. The overall effect size of the cognitive rehearsal programs was -0.40 (95% confidence interval: -0.604 to -0.196; Z = -3.85; p = .0001) in a random-effects model, indicating a large effect size with statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, cognitive rehearsal programs that address workplace bullying among hospital nurses are effective. Health policymakers must implement cognitive rehearsal programs in a policy manner to address the problems of bullying in the workplace.


Assuntos
Bullying , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem Hospitalar , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Bullying/prevenção & controle , Bullying/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem Hospitalar/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , República da Coreia , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
20.
Inquiry ; 61: 469580241261691, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38879871

RESUMO

This special collection encompasses 10 articles that delve into the pressing aspects of seafarers' well-being, mental health, and the workplace. The articles are categorized into 2 broad topics.The first topic, comprising 6 articles, scrutinizes the contributory factors to seafarers' psychological well-being on board, covering sleep problems, food provisions, sexual abstinence, work-life balance, and psychosocial and work environment factors associated with seafaring. Four of these papers also focus on job satisfaction, work effectiveness, and retention in relation to seafarers' psychological well-being. The second topic includes 4 articles on seafarers' mental health assessment and promotion. These articles examine measurement tools for mental health, well-being, and resilience, as well as formal training and technology, including mobile apps, in seafarers' health promotion and education. The insights gleaned from this special collection have the potential to significantly influence the practices of researchers, policymakers, and shipping companies. By shedding light on the need to enhance seafarers' employment characteristics and address the health, safety, and well-being aspects of their work and life, this research can guide these stakeholders to better support seafarers in their crucial role as "key workers."


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Saúde Ocupacional , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Navios , Satisfação no Emprego , Promoção da Saúde/métodos
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