Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 7.892
Filtrar
1.
BMC Psychol ; 10(1): 258, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Job satisfaction is the persons' feeling about their job and if personnel have not good feel to his work, can destroy all plans, intentionally or unintentionally. The present research aims to investigate and compare job satisfaction in the employees and therapists of Voluntary, Counseling and Testing Centers versus Health centers in 9 provinces of Iran. METHODS: All employees of Voluntary, Counseling and Testing Centers were included from Fars, Bushehr, Tehran, Isfahan, South Khorasan, Kurdistan, Kermanshah, Kerman, and Yazd provinces as case group and 103 staffs of similar Health centers selected with the same ratio as the staffs of Voluntary, Counseling and Testing Centers as control samples and answered to Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ). RESULTS: 50.5% of Health centers employees and 54% of Voluntary, Counseling and Testing Centers employees had high job satisfaction. The highest satisfaction levels were reported in Fars and Kurdistan provinces and the lowest satisfaction levels were reported in Kermanshah and Bushehr. CONCLUSION: According to the findings, in the Iranian treatment centers, the employees' satisfaction were at the same level regardless of their position and workplace. Also, the eastern and western regions of the country reported higher satisfaction score than the southern and central regions.


Assuntos
Satisfação no Emprego , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Aconselhamento , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
BMJ Open ; 12(11): e059860, 2022 11 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323475

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the risk factors for workplace bullying and mental health outcomes among workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: A nationwide online survey was conducted from August to September 2020 in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: 16 384 workers (men: n=9565; women: n=6789). MAIN OUTCOME VARIABLES: Workplace bullying was measured by one item from the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire; severe psychological distress according to the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (≥13) and suicidal ideation by one item. Prevalence ratios were calculated by modified Poisson regression analyses adjusting for potential confounders such as gender, age, occupational characteristics and a prior history of depression. RESULTS: Overall, 15% of workers experienced workplace bullying, 9% had severe psychological distress and 12% had suicidal ideation during the second and third wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan. The results of this study showed men, executives, managers and permanent employees had a higher risk of bullying than women or part-time workers. Increased physical and psychological demands were common risk factors for bullying, severe psychological distress and suicidal ideation. Starting to work from home was a significant predictor for adverse mental health outcomes but a preventive factor against workplace bullying. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study showed different high-risk groups for bullying or mental health during the pandemic. Any intervention to decrease workplace bullying or mental health problems should focus not only on previously reported vulnerable workers but also workers who have experienced a change in work style or job demands.


Assuntos
Bullying , COVID-19 , Estresse Ocupacional , Angústia Psicológica , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Ideação Suicida , Estudos Transversais , Pandemias , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Japão/epidemiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360868

RESUMO

Psychosocial job stressors increase the risk of mental health problems for the workers in health and social services (HSS). Although previous studies suggest that the accumulation of two or more stressors is detrimental to mental health, few studies have examined the synergistic interaction of accumulating job stressors. We examined survey responses from 9855 Finnish HSS workers in a cross-sectional study design from 2021. We conducted an interaction analysis of high job demands, low rewards and low workplace social capital on psychological distress, focusing on the relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI). Additionally, we analysed the interaction of job demands, low rewards and COVID-19 burden (extra workload and emotional load). Our analysis showed that the total RERI for the job stressors on psychological distress was considerable (6.27, 95% CI 3.14, 9.39). The total excess risk was caused by two-way interactions, especially between high demands and low rewards and by the three-way interaction of all stressors. The total RERI for job demands, low reward and COVID-19 burden (3.93, 95% CI 1.15, 6.72), however, was caused entirely by two-way interaction between high demands and low rewards. Mental health interventions tackling high demands, low rewards and low social capital are jointly needed.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Angústia Psicológica , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Pandemias , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Satisfação no Emprego
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360896

RESUMO

This Special Issue of the IJERPH examines various psychosocial factors that influence the health of workers in contemporary workplaces [...].


Assuntos
Saúde do Trabalhador , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361111

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, nurses were exposed to many stressors, which may have been associated with some mental health problems. However, most of the studies carried out on nurses' quality of life and workplace wellbeing during the COVID-19 pandemic took a pathogenic approach. Given that current scientific knowledge in this field presented too many gaps to properly inform preventive and therapeutic action, the aim of this study was to explore whether protective factors (resilience, perceived social support, and professional identification) and stressors (perceived stress and psychosocial risks in the workplace) influenced the quality of life and workplace wellbeing perceived by Portuguese nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data for this cross-sectional study was collected through online self-administered questionnaires. Linear regression models were used to analyze the relationships between variables. Results showed that perceived stress, resilience and job satisfaction were associated with quality of life and workplace wellbeing among Portuguese nurses. The study's findings could serve to inform health policy and should draw the attention of nursing managers to the needs and difficulties reported by nurses, to the importance of providing them with emotional support, and to the relevance of promoting a good work environment.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Pandemias , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Proteção , Portugal/epidemiologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361136

RESUMO

Work is fundamental to an individual's mental health; however, an unfavourable work environment can lead to mental health problems. Despite existing studies addressing workers' mental health, it is essential to understand the reality of specific contexts to design effective tailored interventions. Thus, this study aimed to examine the influence of potential protective and vulnerability factors on municipal workers' depressive symptoms, anxiety and stress levels, and burnout. A cross-sectional study was conducted with data collection performed between July and December 2021 using online self-report measures. The sample comprised 115 municipal workers. The findings revealed that psychological vulnerability is a significant vulnerability factor for the presence of mental health symptoms. In addition, job satisfaction was found to be a significant protective factor for depressive symptoms, anxiety, and burnout of the municipal workers. The results of this study enhance the understanding of factors that influence worker mental health, which may facilitate the proper planning of specific interventions to promote mental health in the workplace.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Saúde do Trabalhador , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Estudos Transversais , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, workers employed in vaccination points around the world have been subjected to very high workloads to counter the progress of the COVID-19 epidemic. This workload has a negative effect on their well-being. Environmental psychology studies have shown how the physical characteristics of the workplace environment can influence employees' well-being. Furthermore, studies in the psychology of art show how art can improve the health of individuals. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to test a moderated mediation model to verify how appreciation of workplace aesthetics can impact the level of exhaustion of staff working in a vaccination center, the mediating role of positive and negative affects, and the moderating role of interest in art. METHODS: Data were collected from a sample of 274 workers (physicians, nurses, reception, and administrative staff) working in the same vaccination center in Italy. Participants answered a self-report questionnaire during a rest break. We used a cross-sectional design. RESULTS: The results show that appreciation of workplace aesthetics impacts employees' level of exhaustion. This relationship is mediated by positive and negative affects, and interest in art moderates the relationship between positive affects and exhaustion. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate the central role of workplace aesthetics in influencing healthcare workers' well-being, and how interest in art can reduce exhaustion levels. Practical implications of the results are discussed.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Estudos Transversais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vacinação , Estética
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361289

RESUMO

Workplace accidents are of great concern in the construction industry. Most of those accidents are caused by unsafe behavior in the workplace. Many previous studies have analyzed the causes of workers' unsafe behaviors, but few have investigated workers' feelings of insecurity from the perspective of systematic psychological theory. This study developed an attitude-behavior-intervention feedback loop mechanism of construction workers and used the dual-attitude theory to explain the occurrence mechanisms of unsafe behavior. Using this mechanism, an active-intervention system-dynamics model and a passive-intervention system-dynamics model were designed and simulated. The coefficient of the system dynamics equation in the simulation model involved meta-analysis to combine the correlation coefficients of existing studies, which increased the sample size and improved the statistical test efficiency. The results show that an implicit safety attitude has a more significant impact on safety behavior, and the effect of an active intervention is stronger than that of a passive intervention. Based on these results, this paper presents some feasible suggestions to reduce the probability of unsafe worker behaviors occurring.


Assuntos
Indústria da Construção , Saúde do Trabalhador , Humanos , Acidentes de Trabalho/prevenção & controle , Acidentes de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Atitude , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Gestão da Segurança/métodos
9.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0277114, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36383613

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This systematic review assesses the scientific evidence regarding the effectiveness of organisational-level workplace mental health interventions on stress, burnout, non-clinical depressive and anxiety symptoms, and wellbeing in construction workers. METHODS: Eligibility criteria were randomized controlled trials (RCTs), cluster randomized controlled trials (cRCTs), controlled or uncontrolled before- and after studies published in peer-reviewed journals between 2010 and May 2022 in five databases (Academic Search Complete, PsycInfo, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science). Outcomes were stress, burnout and non-clinical depression and anxiety symptoms, and wellbeing (primary) and workplace changes and sickness absenteeism (secondary). Quality appraisal was conducted using the QATQS scale, a narrative synthesis was applied. The protocol was published in PROSPERO CRD42020183640 https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?ID=CRD42020183640. MAIN RESULTS: We identified five articles (four studies) with a total sample size of 260, one cRCT, one controlled before- and after study, and two uncontrolled before- and after studies. The methodological quality of one study was rated as moderate, while for three studies it was weak. One study showed significant effects of a work redesign programme in short-term physiological stress parameters, one study showed a significant employee perceived improvement of information flow after supervisor training and one study showed a substantial non-significant decline in sick leave. There was no significant effect on general mental health (SF12) nor on emotional exhaustion. The focus of all studies was on physical health, while detailed mental health and wellbeing measures were not applied. MAIN CONCLUSIONS: The evidence for the effectiveness of organisational-level workplace mental health interventions in construction workers is limited with opportunities for methodological and conceptual improvement. Recommendations include the use of a wider range of mental health and wellbeing outcomes, interventions tailored to the specific workplace and culture in construction and the application of the principles of complex interventions in design and evaluation.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Indústria da Construção , Humanos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Absenteísmo , Nível de Saúde , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle
10.
Curationis ; 45(1): e1-e8, 2022 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36331214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:  It is critical for intensive care unit (ICU) nurses to develop resilient coping strategies to cope with workplace adversities. The coping strategies will mitigate the development of maladaptive psychological disorders prone to working in a stressful environment. OBJECTIVES:  The aim of this study is to analyse previous literature conducted on strategies that enhance resilience in ICU nurses to cope with workplace adversities beyond the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The study was conducted by examining all available global literature in the context of the aim of the study. METHOD:  An integrative literature review was chosen for the study. Purposive sampling method was used to select the relevant databases to answer the review question, namely Google Scholar, EBSCOhost, Medline and Nursing/Academic Edition. The search terms used were 'strategies', 'resilience', 'intensive care unit nurses', 'coping', 'workplace adversities', 'beyond COVID-19' and post 'COVID-19'. RESULTS:  Three themes emerged from the study, namely promoting personal attributes, effective relational support and active psychological support. CONCLUSION:  Enhancing resilience among ICU nurses requires both intentional individualised care from the ICU nurses and a systematic approach by nursing management that will meet the psychological needs of ICU nurses when working in a stressful ICU environment.Contribution: The findings of the review have highlighted specific strategies of improving resilience in ICU nurses, which can ultimately create a safe working environment in the ICU.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Resiliência Psicológica , Humanos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva
11.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0265863, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36288324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Compared to the numerous reports on mental health outcomes of workplace bullying victims, research on organizational outcomes of witnesses and physical health outcomes of victims and witnesses is scarce. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between bullying victimization and witnessing and various physical and mental health outcomes and organizational outcomes such as sickness absence, work performance, and job satisfaction. METHODS: This study used cross-sectional data from a nationally representative, community-based sample of 5,000 Japanese residents aged 20-60. We analyzed data from 1,496 respondents after excluding those not working at the time of the survey and those with missing values. Workplace bullying, psychological distress, physical complaints, and job satisfaction were assessed with the New Brief Job Stress Questionnaire and work performance with the World Health Organization's Health and Work Performance Questionnaire. In addition, subjective health status, physician-diagnosed mental or physical illness, and sickness absence were asked as one item. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis or Poisson regression analysis was conducted to assess the association between victimization/witnessing workplace bullying and health and organizational outcomes. RESULTS: Both victimization and witnessing workplace bullying were significantly associated with psychological distress, physical complaints, subjective poor health, physician-diagnosed mental disorders, and job dissatisfaction. Victimization of workplace bullying was further associated with physician-diagnosed respiratory diseases, sickness absence (≥7 days), and poor work performance. Victims were absent from work for 4.5 more sick days and had 11.2% lower work performance than non-victims. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that both victimization and witnessing workplace bullying were significantly associated with physical and mental outcomes and various organizational outcomes. Organizations should implement further measures to prevent personal and organizational losses due to workplace bullying.


Assuntos
Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Estresse Ocupacional , Médicos , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Saúde Mental , Bullying/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(20)2022 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36298257

RESUMO

Economic objectification is a form of dehumanization in which workers are treated as tools for enhancing productivity. It can lead to self-objectification in the workplace, which is when people perceive themselves as instruments for work. This can cause burnout, emotional drain, and a modification of self-perception that involves a loss of human attributes such as emotions and reasoning while focusing on others' perspectives for evaluating the self. Research on workers self-objectification has mainly analyzed the consequences of this process without exploring the brain activity that underlies the individual's experiences of self-objectification. Thus, this project explores the electroencephalographic (EEG) changes that occur in participants during an economic objectifying task that resembled a job in an online store. After the task, a self-objectification questionnaire was applied and its resulting index was used to label the participants as self-objectified or non-self-objectified. The changes over time in EEG event-related synchronization (ERS) and partial directed coherence (PDC) were calculated and compared between the self-objectification groups. The results show that the main differences between the groups in ERS and PDC occurred in the beta and gamma frequencies, but only the PDC results correlated with the self-objectification group. These results provide information for further understanding workers' self-objectification. These EEG changes could indicate that economic self-objectification is associated with changes in vigilance, boredom, and mind-wandering.


Assuntos
Desumanização , Autoimagem , Humanos , Emoções , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Eletroencefalografia
13.
Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being ; 17(1): 2139346, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36282243

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe experiences of being a manager in the municipal sector in rural northern Sweden. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were performed with 15 managers working in the municipal sector. The interviews were subjected to inductive qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: The managers' experiences were interpreted in the main theme, Striving for stability on shaky ground. They struggled within slimmed-down organizations with substitute shortages and reduced means. They expressed being burdened by conflicting demands, a work overload, work conflicts and a requirement to be present. They had to endure the negative consequences of working in small municipalities, and handling health and family life impairments. The managers expressed the importance of being strengthened by inner and outer resources, such as being motivated, having social support and finding strategies to cope. They also expressed benefits of working in small municipalities, such as great opportunities to influence and efficiency in decision-making. CONCLUSION: This study illuminates managers' adverse psychosocial working conditions, insights into working in a small municipality in the rural context and also the importance of organizational support. Future studies could focus on applying adapted workplace support interventions among managers in the municipal sector in rural northern Sweden.


Assuntos
Apoio Social , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Suécia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Organizações , Adaptação Psicológica
14.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 5292184, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36267558

RESUMO

As a result of the implementation of the "double carbon" strategy, the issue of how to encourage green behaviour has become a prominent one in society. According to the cognitive-affective processing system theory, this study constructs two paths through which green inclusive leadership influences employee green behaviours: the cognitive pathway mediated by pro-environmental goals clarity and the affective way mediated by green organization identification. Data analysis of 372 employees in chemical enterprises reveals that first, employees' perception of green inclusive leadership positively affects employee green behaviour; second, green inclusive leadership enhances employee awareness of environmental goals and green organization identification so that employees are more likely to behave environmentally; furthermore, green HRM practices positively moderate the relationship between green inclusive leadership and pro-environmental goals clarity, as well as positively moderate the relationship between green inclusive leadership and green organization identification. This study aims to provide theoretical and practical insight into how to promote the green development of organizations from the perspective of leadership style to facilitate green development.


Assuntos
Liderança , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Carbono
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36293679

RESUMO

Globally, employee burnout (EBO) is a black swan in healthcare management. Previous organizational management literature shows that EBO was often misunderstood by assuming it as a personal issue. However, the new definition by the World Health Organization (WHO) clearly indicates that EBO is an occupational phenomenon that places responsibility on organizations to manage it. Although recent evidence suggests ethical leadership (ELP) style may be important to mitigate EBO, shockingly, such relationships were not tested in healthcare systems, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Filling this knowledge gap in the existing body of knowledge, this study aimed to investigate the ELP-EBO relationship. To explain the underlying mechanism of how ELP reduces EBO, this study included two psychological factors as a mediator and a moderator: altruism (AL) and intrinsic motivation (IM). The data were obtained from hospital employees via a self-administered questionnaire (n = 289, paper-pencil method). A hypothetical framework was designed and tested for empirical validation through structural equation modeling (SEM). Empirical evidence confirmed that ELP reduces the risk of burnout among hospital employees, and AL mediates this relationship. The results also confirmed the conditional indirect role of IM in the above proposed mediated relationship. This study's outcomes can help hospital administration deal with EBO's epidemic in an ELP framework. Other, different implications have also been discussed in detail.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Liderança , Humanos , Motivação , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Altruísmo , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Esgotamento Psicológico , Recursos Humanos em Hospital , Atenção à Saúde
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36294004

RESUMO

Workplace violence (WV) is a significant occupational hazard for nurses. Previous studies have shown that WV has a reciprocal relationship with occupational stress. Headaches and sleep problems are early neuropsychological signs of distress. This cross-sectional study aims to ascertain the frequency of physical or verbal assaults on nurses and to study the association of WV with headaches and sleep problems. During their regular medical examination in the workplace, 550 nurses and nursing assistants (105 males, 19.1%; mean age 48.02 ± 9.98 years) were asked to fill in a standardized questionnaire containing the Violent Incident Form (VIF) concerning the episodes of violence experienced, the Headache Impact Test (HIT-6) regarding headaches, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Inventory (PSQI) on sleep quality. Occupational stress was measured using the Effort/Reward Imbalance questionnaire (ERI). Physical and non-physical violence experienced in the previous year was reported by 7.5% and 17.5% of workers, respectively. In the univariate logistic regression models, the workers who experienced violence had an increased risk of headaches and sleep problems. After adjusting for sex, age, job type, and ERI, the relationship between physical violence and headaches remained significant (adjusted odds ratio aOR = 2.25; confidence interval CI95% = 1.11; 4.57). All forms of WV were significantly associated with poor sleep in a multivariate logistic regression model adjusted for sex, age, job type, and ERI (aOR = 2.35 CI95% = 1.44; 3.85). WV was also associated with the impact of headaches and with sleep quality. WV prevention may reduce the frequency of lasting psychoneurological symptoms, such as headaches and poor sleep quality, that interfere with the ability to work.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Violência no Trabalho , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Transversais , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/complicações , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Cefaleia/epidemiologia , Cefaleia/etiologia
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36294252

RESUMO

Healthcare sector organizations have long been facing the issue of productivity loss due to presenteeism which is affected by psychosocial safety climate (PSC) and work intensification. Presenteeism has visibly increased among nurses during COVID-19 pandemic period. Grounded in COR theory and sensemaking theory, the current study aimed to examine the role PSC plays as driver or moderator to reduce presenteeism by lessening work intensification over time and the impact of work intensification over time on presenteeism during the COVID-19 pandemic. Adopting a time-lagged research design, this study gathered data from randomly selected registered nurses, practicing in Québec, Canada in two phases, i.e., 800 at Time 1 and 344 at Time 2 through email surveys. The study results showed that (1) PSC reduces presenteeism over time by reducing work intensification at time 1; (2) PSC moderates the relationship between work intensification at time 1 and work intensification at time 2; and (3) PSC as moderator also lessens the detrimental effect of work intensification at time 2 on presenteeism at time 2. Presenteeism among nurses affects their health and psychological well-being. We find that PSC is likely an effective organizational tool particularly in crises situations, by providing an organizational mechanism to assist nurses cope (through a resource caravan, management support) with managing intensified work.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Presenteísmo , Humanos , Cultura Organizacional , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
18.
Am J Public Health ; 112(11): 1651-1661, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36223576

RESUMO

Objectives. To describe the prevalence of and risk factors for workplace violence among Ugandan adolescents. Methods. The analysis focused on adolescents recruited at primary schools who participated in the endline survey of a trial in 2014 (at ages 11-14 years) and were followed up in 2018-2019 (at ages 17-19 years). The analysis was restricted to those engaged in past-year paid work (n = 1406). We estimated the prevalence of past-year workplace violence and used mixed-effects multivariable logistic regression to explore associations with characteristics measured in early adolescence, current life circumstances, and work-related factors. Methods. The analysis focused on adolescents recruited at primary schools who participated in a 2014 survey and were followed up in 2018-2019. The analysis was restricted to those engaged in past-year paid work (n = 1406). We estimated the prevalence of past-year workplace violence and used mixed-effects multivariable logistic regression to explore associations with characteristics measured in early adolescence, current life circumstances, and work-related factors. Results. Overall, 40% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 37%, 43%) of adolescents in paid work experienced past-year workplace violence; odds were doubled among female domestic workers (vs retail/trade workers; adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.07; 95% CI = 1.28, 3.35). Experiences measured in early adolescence, including eating less than 3 meals the previous day, experiencing severe physical violence (male adolescents: AOR = 1.48; 95% CI = 1.11, 1.98; female adolescents: AOR = 1.69; 95% CI = 1.13, 2.53) and bullying, and having poor mental health (male adolescents: AOR = 2.32 95% CI = 1.37, 3.92; female adolescents: AOR = 2.27; 95% CI = 1.05, 4.89), were associated with increased odds of workplace violence. Current life circumstances (fewer household assets, more moves, functional difficulties, poorer mental health) were also associated with workplace violence. Conclusions. Interventions are needed to address the high prevalence of workplace violence across all sectors, with female domestic workers particularly vulnerable. Early prevention of violence and poor mental health may be promising. (Am J Public Health. 2022;112(11):1651-1661. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2022.306983).


Assuntos
Bullying , Violência no Trabalho , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Abuso Físico , Prevalência , Uganda/epidemiologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 962022 Oct 10.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36213957

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Nursing students, with their inexperience and the frequent challenge of encountering new environments, are a potentially vulnerable group for bullying and harassment in the work setting. The aim of this study was to analyze the bullying and/or harassment experienced by Nursing students during their clinical practice. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at the University of León and the study population was fourth-year nursing students. The measurement instrument was a 24-item questionnaire approved by the University Ethics Committee. The chi-square test, Student's t-test and Mann Whitney U test were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: A prevalence of 26.5% (22/83) of students who suffered episodes of bullying and/or harassment was observed; younger students suffered these events from physicians, patients and family members and/or companions to a greater extent. This produced an impact on the psychological well-being of the students, who felt depressed, humiliated and incapable, which negatively affected the level of care provided to patients. CONCLUSIONS: The overall problem studied presents a lower prevalence than that obtained in other work carried out in the rest of the world; as a consequence, there is an impact on the psychological well-being of the students that affects their level of attention to the tasks they are carrying out and their way of working with others.


OBJETIVO: Los estudiantes de Enfermería, con su inexperiencia y el desafío frecuente de encontrarse con nuevos entornos, son un grupo potencialmente vulnerable para sufrir intimidación y acoso en el ámbito del trabajo. El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar la intimidación y/o acoso padecidos por los estudiantes de Enfermería durante sus prácticas clínicas. METODOS: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal en la Universidad de León. La población a estudio fueron los estudiantes del Grado en Enfermería de cuarto curso. El instrumento de medida fue un cuestionario que constó de 24 items y que se aprobó por el Comité de Ética de la Universidad. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó la prueba de chi-cuadrado, t de Student y la U de Mann Whitney. RESULTADOS: Se observó una prevalencia del 26,5% (n=83) de estudiantes que sufrieron episodios de intimidación y/o acoso; los estudiantes de menor edad padecieron estos hechos por parte de los médicos, pacientes y familiares y/o acompañantes en mayor medida. Esto produjo un impacto en su bienestar psicológico e hizo que se sintieran deprimidos, humillados e incapaces, lo que afectó negativamente al nivel de atención prestado a los pacientes. CONCLUSIONES: El problema global estudiado presenta una prevalencia inferior a la obtenida en otros trabajos llevados a cabo en el resto del mundo. Como consecuencia, existe un impacto en el bienestar psicológico de los estudiantes que afecta a su nivel de atención en las tareas que están llevando a cabo y a su forma de trabajar con los demás.


Assuntos
Bullying , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Bullying/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Espanha , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
20.
West J Emerg Med ; 23(5): 693-697, 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36205660

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Healthcare clinicians in critical care settings such as the emergency department (ED) experience workplace stressors and are at high risk for burnout. This correlates with substance abuse, suicidality, career dissatisfaction, early retirement, and suboptimal patient care. Therefore, recognizing, and mitigating, burnout is critical to a healthcare worker's health and wellbeing. While gratitude and positive psychology are shown to increase resilience and decrease burnout, no prior studies have examined specific ED care team motivators for continued career satisfaction and workplace engagement. To increase the wellness in our ED, we implemented a wellness initiative titled #WhyIDoIt. Our goal was to have all care team members share what motivates them to work in our ED. METHODS: Participants were asked what motivates them in the workplace. We gathered responses each February for three consecutive years, 2017-2019, at our academic Level I trauma center. Emergency department clinicians, nurses, and staff were recruited to participate at grand rounds, nursing huddles, and sign out. Participants self-selected to contribute by writing their response on a sticky note and posting it in the department. After three years of implementing this initiative, we analyzed the collected qualitative data using thematic analysis based on grounded theory. Submissions were subjectively categorized into initial themes and then reconciled into three overarching classifications. RESULTS: In total, we collected 149 responses. Themes included team work (35, 23.5%), pride in a unique skill set (26, 17.4%), helping patients in a time of need (26, 17.4%), teaching/learning opportunities (15,10.1%), humor and levity (14, 9.4%), building relationships with patients (11,7.4%), financial motivation (9, 6.0%), patient gratitude (7, 4.7%), and philosophical and moral motivators (6, 4.0%). These themes were reconciled into three overarching classifications including team-centered motivators (76, 51%), patient-centered motivators (37, 24.8%), and reward-centered motivators (36, 24.2%). CONCLUSION: Responses that showed the greatest motivator for ED clinicians and nurses were team-centered. This highlights the importance of relationship building and a sense of shared purpose and suggests that future workplace well-being initiatives should include strengthening and maintaining professional team relationships.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...