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1.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(6): 686-690, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025940

RESUMO

AIM: To study the prevalence of different malocclusion traits in Najran in Saudi adolescents and adults seeking orthodontic treatment in Najran in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and fifty male patients in the age group of 12-35 years who visited faculty of dentistry in Najran University for orthodontic treatment were examined and were divided into two age groups, adolescents and adults. The patients were examined and classified into Class I, Class II, and Class III malocclusions. They were also examined for overjet, overbite, open bite, crossbite, scissor's bite, crowding, and spacing. RESULTS: The prevalence of Angle's malocclusion Classes I, II, and III was 52.8%, 31.6%, and 15.6%, respectively. The most common anomaly was moderate overbite followed by lateral open bite. Posterior crossbite was found to be more prevalent than anterior crossbite. CONCLUSION: Angle's Class I malocclusion was most prevalent type, followed by Class II, and then Class III. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The findings of this study can be used to formulate an appropriate preventive and orthodontic treatment measures pertaining to the population of adolescent and adult Saudi males.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Mordida Aberta , Sobremordida , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
2.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 99(5): 69-73, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034180

RESUMO

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of vacuum-gradient therapy in reducing orthodontic treatment time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 57 patients aged from 25 to 35 years (mean age 28.8±4.6 years) with teeth crowding divided into two groups. In group 1 (n=29) orthodontic correction was combined with vacuum-gradient therapy by means of modified «AVLT-Desna¼ device, while patients in group 2 (n=28) underwent orthodontic correction alone. Microhaemo- and lymphocirculation was studied by laser Doppler flowmetry. RESULTS: Lymph draining and microhaemocirculation are impaired by teeth crowding. Orthodontic correction influences on microhaemo- and lymphocirculation of periodontal tissue on tooth movement and improves mechanisms of haemodynamic regulation. CONCLUSIONS: The method of vacuum-gradient therapy combined with complex malocclusion correction allows to accelerate orthodontic treatment and to improve microcirculation in the moved teeth area.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Dente , Adulto , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Vácuo , Adulto Jovem
3.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 99(5): 103-110, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034186

RESUMO

The article presents two cases of sisters with malocclusion: distal deep bite with typical skeletal and soft tissue deformation. In the first case classic three-steps orthognatic treatment plan was realized: orthodontic preparation with subsequent orthognatic bi-maxillar surgery with genioplasty. In second one we made contour-plasty with implants. Two different plans follow to two different results. Discussion around all differences of two approaches is the main interest of this overview.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Cirurgia Ortognática , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Mentoplastia , Humanos
4.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(3): 281-286, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043345

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of extraction on condylar process position and upper airway in 12-14 years old females with skeletal ClassⅡhigh angle. METHODS: Twenty seven 12-14 years old females with skeletal ClassⅡhigh angle (experimental group) and 30 physical examinees without malocclusion (control group) in Stomatology Hospital Affiliated to Southwest Medical University from January 2016 and June 2017 were enrolled. All patients received cone-beam CT (CBCT) examinations. Mimics 20.0 was used to process the data. The changes of the condylar process position and upper airway were recorded. The data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0 software package. RESULTS: Before treatment, patients in the experimental group had higher Sa as well as lower Sp than those of the control group (P<0.05), but with no difference in Su between 2 groups before treatment (P>0.05). After treatment, Sa was decreased in the experimental group (P<0.05), but no change was observed in Sp and Su(P>0.05). After treatment, the joint space indexes were increased in the experimental group (P<0.05). Before treatment, the V total, V tongue, V mouth, and SMIN in the experimental group were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05). Before treatment, V nose, V palate, V larynx, APTE, APHP and APSP in the experimental group showed no difference with those of the control group (P>0.05). V nose, V larynx, APHP and APTE showed no difference before and after treatment within the experimental group (P>0.05). After treatment, the V total, V tongue, V palate, V mouth, SMIN and APSP in the experimental group were significantly increased (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Extraction treatment can widen the airway, suggesting that there may be a certain correlation between the changes of condyle position and upper airway volume.


Assuntos
Laringe , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II , Má Oclusão , Adolescente , Criança , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Feminino , Humanos , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/terapia , Boca
5.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 29, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32864724

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to identify, evaluate, and provide a current literature about the influence of heritability on the determination of occlusal traits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, LILACS, and Google Scholar were searched without restrictions up to March 2020. Studies with twin method were considered and the risk of bias assessment was performed using quality of genetic association studies checklist (Q-Genie). The coefficient of heritability (h2), model-fitting approaches, and coefficient correlation were used to estimate the genetic/environmental influence on occlusal traits. The GRADE tool was used to assess the quality of the evidence. RESULTS: Ten studies met the eligibility criteria. Three studies presented good quality, five moderate quality, and two poor quality. Most studies have found that the intra-arch traits, mainly the maxillary arch morphology, such as width (h2 16-100%), length (h2 42-100%), and shape (h2 42-90%), and the crowding, mainly for mandibular arch (h2 35-81%), are under potential heritability influence. The traits concerning the inter-arch relationship, as overjet, overbite, posterior crossbite, and sagittal molar relation, seem not to be genetically determined. The certainty of the evidence was graded as low for all outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Although weak, the available evidence show that the heritability factors are determinant for the intra-arch traits, namely, arch morphology and crowding. Possibly due they are functionally related, the occlusal traits concerning the maxillary and mandibular relationship seem to have environmental factors as determinants. In this scenario, early preventive approaches can offer a more effective and efficient orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II , Má Oclusão , Sobremordida , Humanos , Mandíbula , Maxila
6.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 26, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malocclusion is a highly prevalent public health problem, and several studies have shown its negative correlation with quality of life, self-esteem, and social perceptions. However, its association with bullying is still controversial. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between malocclusion and bullying in children and adolescents. SEARCH METHODS: The databases used for the electronic researches were PubMed, Scopus, Lilacs/BBO, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library. Grey literature was reviewed through Open Grey literature with no language or date restrictions. Selection criteria, based on the PECO strategy, were considered eligible observational studies that included schoolchildren or adolescents (P) with malocclusion (E), compared to those with normal occlusion (C), in which the relationship between malocclusion and bullying was determined (O). DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Risk of bias evaluation was made for the qualitative synthesis by the Fowkes and Fulton criteria. Data regarding the age of participants and types of malocclusion and of bullying were extracted among other reported data. The quality of the evidence analyzed was evaluated through the GRADE approach. RESULTS: From 2744 articles identified in databases, nine met the eligibility criteria and were included in present systematic review, of which two studies were judged with methodological soundness. The quality of the evidence was classified as very low due to very serious problems for "risk of bias" and "other considerations" and serious problems of "indirectness". The age of participants ranged from 9 to 34 years considering a cohort study, with a bullying recalling perspective. Malocclusion was both evaluated by researchers and self-reported by participants addressing dentofacial characteristics mostly related to the incisors relationship. All studies evaluated the verbal type of bullying, while 3 also considered physical type. Both types were reported as related to malocclusion, although the results showed that extreme maxillary overjet (> 4 mm, > 6 mm, > 9 mm), extreme deep overbite, and having space between anterior teeth or missing teeth were the types of malocclusion with the strongest relations to bullying. CONCLUSIONS: With very low certainty of evidence, the results of this systematic review suggest that conspicuous extreme malocclusion may be related to the occurrence of bullying among children and adolescents.


Assuntos
Bullying , Má Oclusão , Sobremordida , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
7.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 158(3): 426-442, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862937

RESUMO

Progressive improvements in digital technology and surgical techniques have synergized the speed, predictability, and favorable outcomes for patients undergoing surgical-orthodontic treatment with handicapping dentofacial deformities. This case report will demonstrate the management of a patient with severe mandibular hypoplasia, condylar hypoplasia, and mandibular asymmetry. The dentofacial deformity, and consequently, the unaesthetic facial appearance, led to psychosocial stress, symptoms of excessive daytime sleepiness, and functional limitations, especially related to mandibular movements. A modified surgery-first approach was used, which was successfully performed using computer-assisted surgical planning. Postsurgical orthodontics was accomplished with the aid of temporary skeletal anchorage mini-plates. An additional alloplastic enhancement of the chin addressed the severe microgenia, which the osseous advancement could not achieve. This resulted in a total advancement of the pogonion by 26 mm yielding a remarkable improvement in the patient's facial esthetics. Furthermore, a considerable improvement in mandibular function and reduction in daytime sleepiness occurred. The severe malocclusion with a discrepancy index value of 47 was treated to a successful final occlusion in 21 months of treatment time.


Assuntos
Assimetria Facial , Má Oclusão , Queixo , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Mandíbula
8.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 21(3): 213-218, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maxillary transverse discrepancy is often diagnosed in childhood. The evaluation of morphological characteristics of the maxilla is crucial for appropriate treatment of this condition, however conventional diagnostic method is based on visual inspection and transversal linear parameters. In this paper, we described a user-friendly diagnostic digital workflow based on the surface-to-surface analysis. We also described a case report. CASE REPORT: A 6-year-old female patient presenting mild transversal maxillary deficiency associated with functional posterior crossbite was treated by using maxillary removable appliance. In this respect, the appliance was designed in accordance to the morphological characteristics of the maxilla obtained by using the diagnostic digital work-flow and the maxillary surface-to-surface analysis. CONCLUSION: The present user-friendly diagnostic digital workflow based on surface-to-surface analysis helps clinicians to detect specific morphological characteristics of the maxilla, such as shape and area of asymmetry, in order to reach a comprehensive diagnosis and choose the correct biomechanics for treating the condition.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Maxila , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Fluxo de Trabalho
9.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 21(3): 203-208, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893653

RESUMO

AIM: Orthodontic treatment need indexes are indispensable tools for collecting aepidemiological information, to define the need for clinical intervention on a graduated risk scale and to monitor the evolution of clinical conditions over time. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the prevalence of malocclusion and associated risk factors, and to compare the prevalence of malocclusion related to children's growth. Investigating the correlation between malocclusion and dental occlusion development is crucial to define orthodontic timing and the most suitable treatment modalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, multi-center, observational study was carried out throughout Italy: 4,422 patients aged between 2 and 13 years were visited. The patients were divided into two age groups: one composed of patients aged 2 -7 years, and one of children between 8 and 13 years of age. The prevalence data were classified according to the items of the Baby ROMA (first group, deciduous/early mixed dentition) and ROMA Index (second group, late mixed/permanent dentition). Pearson's Chi-square test was applied for the calculation of statistical significance in the comparison of prevalence data between the two age groups (P <0.05). RESULTS: The need for orthodontic treatment among Italian children is high. In the sample aged between 2 and 7 years, the most frequent malocclusions are the moderate and severe open bite (23%), moderate and severe Class II (21.2%), deep bite (18.8%), cross bite (16.5%), Class III (7.7%), and crowding (5.1%). In the sample aged between 8 and 13 years the most frequent malocclusions are crowding (50.8 %), Class II (33.1%), deep bite (19.2%) crossbite (18.1%), Class III (9.1%), open bite (6.6%), facial or mandibular asymmetries (3.3%), and functional asymmetries (3.2%). It was found a statistically significant variation of the different malocclusion conditions according to age. CONCLUSION: The study confirms that some risk factors occur during growth, and worsen the malocclusion. Therefore, it is important to reduce this risk of worsening by counteracting those factors with an early orthodontic intervention. Some malocclusions are less affected by environmental risk factors. In these case it would be better defer treatment until adolescence.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Mordida Aberta , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Lactente , Itália , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
10.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e109, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876117

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study was to compare the perceptions of the parents/ caregivers of young people with and without Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) with regards to their oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). A cross-sectional study was conducted with 29 individuals with MPS and 29 normotypic individuals aged three to 21 years and their parents/caregivers. All parents/caregivers of young people with MPS in follow-up at two reference hospitals in the city of Belo Horizonte, southeastern Brazil, were invited to participate in the study. Individuals without MPS were recruited from the pediatric clinics of both hospitals. Parents/caregivers answered a structured questionnaire addressing the sociodemographic characteristics, behavioral habits and medical and dental history of the children as well as the Brazilian short-form version of the Parental-Caregiver (P-CPQ). The individuals with and without MPS were examined for malocclusion, dental caries and oral hygiene by an examiner who had undergone training and calibration exercises. Mean age of the subjects was 12.1 years (± 4.2). Comparing total P-CPQ scores and scores on the oral symptoms, functional limitations and wellbeing domains, the parents/caregivers individuos with MPS reported a statistically significant greater negative impact on OS domain than their counterparts. Regarding the clinical variables, malocclusion was also associated a greater negative impact on OHRQoL of young people with MPS when compared to those of young people without MPS. Our findings show the great negative impact caused by the malocclusion of young people with MPS.


Assuntos
Mucopolissacaridoses , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária , Humanos , Má Oclusão , Saúde Bucal , Pais , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
11.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(4): 33-43, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965385

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Anterior crossbite (AC) is defined as a reverse sagittal relationship between maxillary and mandibular incisors. According to an evidence-based orthodontic triage, the treatment need of AC is indicated if any occlusal interference is forcing the mandible towards a Class III growth pattern. Removable and fixed appliances have been suggested to correct AC. OBJECTIVE: The present report aims at presenting the benefits of an alternative therapy for the early treatment of anterior crossbite using clear aligners. METHODS: Two cases of anterior crossbite corrected using clear aligners in 8-years-old children are presented. RESULTS: In both cases, AC was successfully corrected within 5 months. At the end of the treatment, overjet and overbite were corrected. No major discomfort or speech impairment was noticed by the parents. CONCLUSIONS: Due to the perceived shortcomings of alternative approaches, the use of clear aligners for correcting AC in mixed dentition should be considered as a comfortable and well tolerated appliance for young patients.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II , Má Oclusão/terapia , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Sobremordida , Criança , Dentição Mista , Humanos
12.
Acta Odontol Latinoam ; 33(2): 69-81, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920608

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in periodontal status and maxillary buccal bone by considering clinical and tomographic parameters during the first year of orthodontic expansion with Invisalign® aligners. Upper first (1PM) and upper second (2PM) premolars of 19 patients with orthodontic expansion requirement treated with Invisalign® aligners were evaluated. Plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL) and cone beam tomographic (CBCT) records were collected at 76 sites before starting treatment (T0) and at 12 months (T1). Bone height was measured from cementoenamel junction (CEJ) to the crest cortical bone (CC). Bone thickness was measured at two levels: 4 mm (CEJ+4) and 6 mm (CEJ+6) apical to the CEJ. A descriptive analysis was made of the variations of bone thickness and height in a series of cases. The average expansion was 1.93 mm for 1PM and 167 mm for 2PM. Arithmetic mean of distance CEJ-CC in 1PM was 3.05 mm at T0, and remained at 3.05 mm at T1. Arithmetic mean of distance CEJ-CC in 2PM was 2.06 mm at T0 and 2.31 at T1. Post-expansion, most of the analyzed sites (86%) exhibited a bone thickness of ≥0.5 mm. The greatest variations between T0 and T1 were observed at the level of 1PM CEJ+ 4 and 2PM CEJ+ 6. The minimal changes in the clinical records (GI, PI, PPD and CAL) between T0 and T1 were compatible with the maintenance of gingivalperiodontal health. Invisalign® for expansion movements did not produce substantial changes in the evaluated periodontal clinical parameters or in the bone measurements. Removable appliances reduce plaque retentive factors and favor adequate oral hygiene.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária/etiologia , Má Oclusão/terapia , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Saúde Bucal , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis/efeitos adversos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/efeitos adversos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Placa Dentária/microbiologia , Índice de Placa Dentária , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/instrumentação
13.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(9): 1207-1214, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913158

RESUMO

Aims: Our study aimed to assess the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) changes during the initial stage of fixed orthodontic appliance therapy and determined the impact of various orthodontic therapy needs on the OHRQoL of Saudi patients seeking orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: Forty-two patients aged 14-24 years (69% females) were recruited from the orthodontic clinics. OHRQoL was quantified by a self-administered short version of oral health impact profile (OHIP-14) questionnaire used before treatment (T0) and following bonding of fixed appliance on days 1 (T1), 7 (T2), 14 (T3), and 30 (T4). The higher the OHIP-14 score, the poorer the OHRQoL. The dental health component (DHC) of the index of orthodontic treatment needs (IOTN) was used to assess malocclusion severity. The missing, overjet, crossbite, displacement, overbite (MOCDO) hierarchical scale was used to categorize the most severe feature in each patient and determine the grade of orthodontic treatment need. Changes of OHRQoL over time were compared using the Friedman test. Result: Overall OHIP-14 score significantly increased following orthodontic appliance bonding at T1 and T2 compared to T0 (P < 0.001). The functional limitation domains in OHIP-14 pain and discomfort, physical disability, psychological disability, and psychological discomfort were affected at T1 compared to T0 (P < 0.05). Grade 4 IOTN-DHC (definite treatment needs) significantly influenced most OHIP-14 domains compared to other grades. Conclusion: With the growing therapeutic and cosmetic demands of orthodontic treatment and the focus on OHRQoL, the study findings can be used to enhance patients' cooperation, expectation, and adherence to orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão/terapia , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Masculino , Dor , Arábia Saudita , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Clin Orthod ; 54(6): 369-370, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32966255
16.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 20, 2020 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32743673

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a psychiatric disorder with delusions about defects in appearance for which patients seek various treatments. Patients with BDD often seek cosmetic procedures, and orthodontic treatment is one among them. This is the first Indian study to determine the prevalence of BDD in an orthodontic outpatient department. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A total of 1184 patients with varying degrees of malocclusion completed the BDD-YBOCS questionnaire, while an experienced orthodontist assessed the severity of malocclusion with a rating scale. RESULTS: Sixty-two patients (5.2%) were screened positive for BDD. Most of the BDD-positive patients were single (p value of 0.02) and had multiple previous consultations for orthodontic treatment (p value of < 0.00**) with a gender predilection toward males (p value of 0.00**), and age was not statistically significant with a p value of 0.3. CONCLUSION: From our study, the prevalence of BDD among orthodontic patients was 5.2%. The orthodontist should be aware of the high prevalence of BDD among orthodontic patients and identify the expectations of the patient at the time of history taking and refer the patient to a psychiatrist for diagnosis and appropriate management.


Assuntos
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais , Má Oclusão , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Int J Comput Dent ; 23(3): 257-267, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32789313

RESUMO

AIM: Surgically facilitated orthodontic treatment is increasingly being used, especially for adults, to facilitate tooth movements and reduce the duration of orthodontic treatment. The present article reports on an innovative, safe, and minimally invasive technique to perform flapless corticotomies using a dedicated surgical guide produced with a complete digital intraoral and laboratory workflow. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 51-year-old man presented with maxillary and mandibular anterior crowding. He required rapid treatment with limited use of braces. Corticotomies were planned for both arches before the use of orthodontic appliances. The matching of the stereolithographic files obtained from the digital prints of the full arches and the cone beam computed tomography images allowed for the positioning of the cutting planes for corticisions. The guide was printed with a transparent, biocompatible, and photopolymerizable resin, and cold sterilized. Minimally invasive corticotomies were performed using a piezoelectric instrument. The orthodontic treatment started immediately after surgery. RESULTS: No adverse events were recorded during surgery. The piezoelectric instrument was guided accurately, and precise application of the corticisions prevented all the anatomical elements from being injured. The healing was uneventful and the patient experienced no pain. CONCLUSION: The present report shows that a surgical guide specifically and digitally produced for corticotomies allowed for the performance of a minimally invasive flapless technique and accurate piezosurgery. The use of such a guide was easy to implement, made the procedure safer, and reduced postoperative pain.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Adulto , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Piezocirurgia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Fluxo de Trabalho
18.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(3): 73-84, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844966

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Maxillary deficiency, also called transverse deficiency of the maxilla, may be associated with posterior crossbite, as well as with other functional changes, particularly respiratory. In adult patients, because of bone maturation and the midpalatal suture fusion, rapid maxillary expansion has to be combined with a previous surgical procedure to release the areas of resistance of the maxilla. This procedure is known as surgically-assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME). OBJECTIVE: This study discusses the indications, characteristics and effects of SARME, and presents a clinical case of transverse and sagittal skeletal maxillary discrepancy treated using SARME and orthodontic camouflage.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Micrognatismo , Adulto , Humanos , Maxila , Técnica de Expansão Palatina
19.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(2): e026-e026, mayo-ago. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1119392

RESUMO

Para el rehabilitador oral, resulta fundamental determinar con precisión la orientación del plano oclusal en pacientes con distintas alteraciones, como desgastes severos, edentulismo parcial, total y sus consecuencias. Es importante que este sea lo más cercano posible a la posición que ocupaba en dentición natural, ya que influye principalmente en la función oclusal, de los músculos masticatorios, en la articulación temporomandibular, en la fonética y en la estética. Además, la correcta determinación constituye la base de la planificación, por ser el plano de referencia estético y funcional; determina la guía anterior, los patrones de movimiento mandibular, la eficiencia masticatoria y la dimensión vertical. Por ello, el propósito de este estudio es evaluar los métodos más utilizados y confiables para la determinación del plano oclusal, mediante una revisión de la literatura científica actual. A partir de lo investigado, se concluye que el plano oclusal debe ubicarse en la posición que ocupaban los dientes naturales, y su determinación incluye una secuencia clínica, que se inicia por el sector anterior en reposo y sonrisa, y continúa con el sector posterior. No existe un método absoluto. Es importante el análisis individual de cada paciente para decidir qué métodos serán los más indicados. Existen métodos que incluyen el análisis cefalométrico o tridimensional, lo que aporta una mayor precisión en la planificación. (AU)


In oral rehabilitation, it is fundamental to accurately determine the orientation of the occlusal plane in patients with different occlusal alterations such as severe wear, partial and total edentulism and their consequences. It is important that the occlusal plane be as close as possible to the position occupied in natural dentition, since it mainly affects occlusal function, the masticatory muscles, the temporomandibular joint, phonetics and aesthetics. In addition, correct determination is the basis of treatment planning, as it is the aesthetic and functional reference plane, and determines the previous guide, mandibular movement patterns, masticatory efficiency and vertical dimension. Thus, the purpose of this study was to provide a review of the current scientific literature on the most commonly used and reliable methods for determining the occlusal plane. According to the literature, the occlusal plane should be located in the position occupied by the natural teeth, and its determination is made following a clinical sequence starting with the anterior sector at rest and while smiling, continuing with the posterior sector. There is no method of choice. However, individual analysis of each patient is important to determine the most adequate method. Methods including cephalometric and/or three-dimensional analysis provide greater precision for treatment planning. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Cefalometria , Oclusão Dentária , Má Oclusão
20.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(8): 541-545, 2020 Aug 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842344

RESUMO

The application of clear aligner technique in the preventive and interceptive treatment of children with malocclusion is a new hot spot in orthodontics, which has an extensive application prospect. However, the main advantage of this technique is the ability of predictable tooth movements. Early treatment of malocclusion often involves many aspects, such as muscle function adjustment, orthopedic treatment, and dentition replacement monitoring, etc. Therefore, the indications should be strictly controlled to avoid abusing the technique. The digital treatment planning, clinical monitoring also should be deliberated. The key point is how to avoid the shortcomings of the technique, and to provide a more comfortable and effective early treatment method for children.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão/terapia , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Ortodontia , Criança , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Ortodontia Interceptora , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
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