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3.
Am J Clin Pathol ; 154(4): 450-458, 2020 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32785661

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study assessed historical and current gender, racial, and ethnic diversity trends within US pathology graduate medical education (GME) and the pathologist workforce. METHODS: Data from online, publicly available sources were assessed for significant differences in racial, ethnic, and sex distribution in pathology trainees, as well as pathologists in practice or on faculty, separately compared with the US population and then each other using binomial tests. RESULTS: Since 1995, female pathology resident representation has been increasing at a rate of 0.45% per year (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.29-0.61; P < .01), with pathology now having significantly more females (49.8%) compared to the total GME pool (45.4%; P < .0001). In contrast, there was no significant trend in the rate of change per year in black or American Indian, Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander (AI/AN/NH/PI) resident representation (P = .04 and .02). Since 1995, underrepresented minority (URM) faculty representation has increased by 0.03% per year (95% CI, 0.024-0.036; P < .01), with 7.6% URM faculty in 2018 (5.2% Hispanic, 2.2% black, 0.2% AI/AN/NH/PI). CONCLUSIONS: This assessment of pathology trainee and physician workforce diversity highlights significant improvements in achieving trainee gender parity. However, there are persistent disparities in URM representation, with significant underrepresentation of URM pathologists compared with residents.


Assuntos
Grupos Minoritários/estatística & dados numéricos , Patologistas/tendências , Patologia/tendências , Médicas/tendências , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Patologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Patologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos
4.
Educ. med. (Ed. impr.) ; 21(4): 277-280, jul.-ago. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195116

RESUMO

A lo largo de la historia las mujeres han luchado por ser incluidas y reconocidas en el desarrollo de la ciencia médica. En la actualidad, las mujeres tienen mayor participación no solo en el estudio y ejercicio de la medicina sino en el liderazgo de diversas áreas médicas. Este artículo ofrece un panorama histórico de las primeras mujeres que formaron parte de la Academia Nacional de Medicina de México, así como una recopilación de la participación de las mujeres en puestos directivos; desde Jefaturas de Departamentos Académicos en la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México hasta el sector salud


Throughout history women have been fighting to be included and recognized in the development of medical science. Actually, women have more participation not only in the study and practice of medicine, but in the leadership of various medical areas. This article provides a historical review of the first women it formed part of the National Academy of Medicine of Mexico as well as a compilation of the participation of women in management positions, from Headquarters of academic departments at the National Autonomous University of Mexico including health sector


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Médicas/tendências , Educação Médica , Liderança , México , Participação da Comunidade , Institutos Governamentais de Pesquisa
5.
Surgery ; 168(3): 355-362, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741622

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To interview extraordinary women who have made recent significant contributions to the field of colorectal surgery. DESIGN: The authors asked some of the many extraordinary women who have made significant contributions to the field of colorectal surgery to answer several questions. These women were selected from many potential candidates based upon their extraordinary recent contributions to the field of colorectal surgery. These thought leaders were asked about their contributions to colorectal surgery, their mentors, whether they had any women as role models, and, lastly, what they would tell their younger selves. The study was structured to recognize these women for their remarkable recent contributions to colorectal surgery, and we wished to encourage women to pursue leadership in colorectal surgery including the allied fields of colorectal pathology and colorectal imaging. Furthermore, the authors hoped to inspire male colorectal surgeons to actively mentor and help the career development of women colorectal surgeons. The potential limitations of the study include the fact that there are many more well-deserving women who could have been included in the sample survey but, because of space constraints, were not invited. CONCLUSION: Women in colorectal surgery and in the allied specialties of colorectal pathology and colorectal radiology have made many recent major significant contributions to colorectal surgery. The expectation is that the volume and frequency of such contributions as well as the number of women making these contributions should further significantly increase with time.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Colorretal/organização & administração , Liderança , Mentores , Médicas/psicologia , Cirurgiões/psicologia , Escolha da Profissão , Cirurgia Colorretal/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Colorretal/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Médicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicas/tendências , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgiões/tendências
6.
Am J Surg ; 220(5): 1174-1178, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32654766

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In order to care for an increasingly diverse population, the surgical workforce must improve in gender, racial, and ethnic diversity. We aim to identify deficiencies in the surgical pipeline. METHODS: Data from the United States Census, Bureau of Labor Statistics, and Association of American Medical Colleges were collected from 2004 to 2018, and evaluated for changing population over time. RESULTS: Women comprise 51% of the population, 32% of surgeons, and representation is increasing at a rate of 0.4% per year. 13% of the population and 6% of surgeons are black, and representation is decreasing at a rate of -0.1% per year. Hispanics represent 18% of the population, 6% of surgeons, and representation is increasing at a rate of 0.04% per year. CONCLUSIONS: While the proportion of women and Hispanic surgeons is slowly increasing, the proportion of black surgeons is decreasing. Recruitment methods need to be focused to improve surgical workforce diversity.


Assuntos
Grupos de Populações Continentais/estatística & dados numéricos , Mão de Obra em Saúde/tendências , Distribuição por Sexo , Cirurgiões/tendências , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Médicas/tendências , Dinâmica Populacional , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
8.
Acad Med ; 95(10): 1483-1484, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675794

RESUMO

Women continue to be underrepresented in academic surgery, especially at the leadership level. Surgical culture has been historically male dominated and recently received negative attention for higher rates of mistreatment, sexual harassment, and attrition of women compared with other medical specialties. The authors examine factors that contribute to challenges in academic surgery, making it a potentially difficult environment for women and underrepresented minorities; these include surgical culture, work-life balance, and historic promotion timelines. Efforts to change social norms and structural biases are critical to improving gender parity in academic surgery.


Assuntos
Docentes de Medicina/tendências , Cultura Organizacional , Médicas/tendências , Sexismo , Especialidades Cirúrgicas/tendências , Escolha da Profissão , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Docentes de Medicina/organização & administração , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Médicas/organização & administração , Especialidades Cirúrgicas/organização & administração
10.
Cir. plást. ibero-latinoam ; 46(2): 211-222, abr.-jun. 2020. ilus, mapas, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194726

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVO: La presencia de la Cirugía Plástica, Estética y Reparadora en todos los ámbitos se ha visto incrementada en los últimos años. La mayoría de pacientes son mujeres, sobre todo en el campo de la Cirugía Estética, en contraposición a que la visibilidad de los profesionales dedicados a esta especialidad es mayoritariamente masculina. A raíz del incremento de las voces femeninas en muy diferentes entornos profesionales se inicia el estudio de la situación de las cirujanas plásticas en España. La finalidad de este artículo es visibilizar el papel de las mujeres cirujanas plásticas españolas y ponerlo en un contexto no solo histórico sino también cultural, social y geográfico. Esta toma de conciencia es el primer paso para definir cómo queremos que sea nuestra profesión y mejorar la situación en la que nos encontramos desde una perspectiva inclusiva. MATERIAL Y MÉTODO: Realizamos para ello una búsqueda bibliográfica y documental, así como consulta en las páginas web de las sociedades científicas de Cirugía Plástica españolas. RESULTADOS: Obtuvimos los datos sobre el número de las profesionales mujeres, inscripción en registros, tasa de publicaciones y comparativa con otros países. CONCLUSIONES: Con los datos obtenidos llegamos a la conclusión de que las cirujanas plásticas españolas son minoría con respecto a los varones en la misma especialidad, datos que se pueden extrapolar al resto de países donde la especialidad y la mayoría de especialidades quirúrgicas están representadas mayoritariamente por varones


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The presence of Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery in all areas has been increased in recent years. Most of the patients are women, especially in the field of Aesthetic Surgery, as opposed to the visibility of professionals dedicated to this specialty where surgeons are mostly male. Following the increase of female voices in very different professional fields, investigation about the situation of women plastic surgeons in Spain is the aim of this study. The purpose of the article is to make visible the role of women Spanish plastic surgeons and bring it to context not only historical but also cultural, social and geographical. This awareness is the first step to define how we want our profession to be and improve the situation in which we find ourselves from an inclusive perspective. METHODS: A bibliographic and documentary search has been carried out as well as the consultation on the web pages of the Spanish scientific societies of Plastic Surgery. RESULTS: We obtained data on the number of professionals, registration, records and publications, comparing it with other countries. CONCLUSIONS: With the data obtained we conclude that Spanish women plastic surgeons are a minority with respect to men and these data can be extrapolated to the rest of countries where the specialty and the majority of surgical specialties are represented mostly by men


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , História do Século XX , Cirurgia Plástica/história , Cirurgia Plástica/organização & administração , Mulheres/história , Médicas/história , Médicas/tendências , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/história , Liderança , Espanha
11.
Acad Med ; 95(10): 1499-1506, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590470

RESUMO

The gender composition of physician specialties varies dramatically with some becoming increasingly female predominant while others remain overwhelmingly male. In their analysis of physician workforce data, the authors demonstrate that despite large increases in the number of female physicians over 4 decades, the degree of gender segregation between specialties has not declined. The authors describe lessons from the highly gender-segregated U.S. workforce as a whole to understand these demographic patterns in the physician workforce. Echoing U.S. workforce findings, women physicians are becoming overrepresented in certain specialties, and this appears to be associated with a relative decline in earnings for physicians in these specialties over time. The authors found a strong negative relationship between the proportion of female physicians in a specialty and its mean salary, with gender composition explaining 64% of the variation in salaries among the medical specialties.Female physicians face biases in the workplace and fall behind male peers in leadership attainment, academic advancement, and earnings. Tenacious gender stereotypes and the conflation of gender and status contribute to these biases and reinforce occupational gender segregation. The clustering of women in certain specialties means these specialties will be disproportionately affected by gender bias. Recognizing the consequences of gender demographics within physician specialties is important to maintain the strong and diverse physician workforce needed to support the health care needs of the populations who depend on these specialties for care.


Assuntos
Mão de Obra em Saúde/tendências , Medicina/tendências , Médicas/tendências , Sexismo/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Liderança , Masculino , Estados Unidos
12.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 218: 128-135, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32445703

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe temporal and geographic trends in the US eye care workforce. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: We obtained data from the 2017 Area Health Resources File. The main outcomes were ophthalmologist and optometrist density, as defined as the number of providers per 100,000 individuals, the ratio of ophthalmologists ≥55 years of age to those <55 years of age, and county characteristics associated with the availability of an ophthalmologist. RESULTS: From 1995 to 2017, the national ophthalmologist density decreased from 6.30 to 5.68 ophthalmologists per 100,000 individuals. Although rural counties experienced a mean annual increase in ophthalmologist density by 2.26%, they still had a lower mean ophthalmologist density (0.58/100,000 individuals) compared with nonmetropolitan (2.19/100,000 individuals) and metropolitan counties (6.29/100,000 individuals) in 2017. The ratio of older to younger ophthalmologists increased from 0.37 in 1995 to 0.82 in 2017, with the greatest ratio increase occurring in rural counties (0.29 to 1.90). The presence of an ophthalmologist was significantly associated with a greater proportion of individuals with a college degree and health insurance, and more developed health care infrastructure. From 1990 to 2017, the density of optometrists increased from 11.06 to 16.16 optometrists per 100,000 individuals. CONCLUSIONS: Over the last 2 decades, the national density of ophthalmologists has decreased and the workforce has aged. In contrast, the density of optometrists has increased. Rural counties continue to have a disproportionately lower supply of eye care providers, although some growth has occurred. Given the rising ratio of optometrists to ophthalmologists, it is of interest for future work to determine how the optometrist workforce can best complement potential shortages of ophthalmologists.


Assuntos
Mão de Obra em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Oftalmologistas/tendências , Optometristas/tendências , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Mão de Obra em Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oftalmologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Optometristas/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicas/tendências , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
World Neurosurg ; 140: e105-e111, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360735

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurosurgery remains a specialty with one of the largest gender gaps in the United States. Neurosurgery residency programs are highly motivated to attract the best female candidates in an effort to improve their program diversity, but no studies currently exist that examine the factors of highest importance to female applicants for neurosurgery residency selection. The purpose of this study was to determine factors that female neurosurgery residents used when selecting their residency. METHODS: A 2-part survey was sent to female neurosurgical residents by e-mails collected from the American Association of Neurological Surgeons directory and residency program websites. The survey asked participants to score 17 characteristics of residency programs in terms of importance and then asked them to rank their top 5 most influential factors when selecting a neurosurgery residency. RESULTS: The most important factors included variety/number of cases, camaraderie and happiness of current residents, early surgical/clinical experience, and academic reputation. The least important factors included gender diversity of faculty and residents, number of female residents, number of female faculty, and attitudes toward maternity leave. CONCLUSIONS: Efforts to increase female applicants in neurosurgery residency programs should focus on highlighting some more universal, non-gender-related factors, such as happiness and camaraderie among residents and anticipated clinical experiences, as opposed to showcasing features that would seemingly appeal to female applicants, such as maternity leave and number of current female faculty or residents.


Assuntos
Escolha da Profissão , Tomada de Decisões , Internato e Residência , Neurocirurgiões/psicologia , Médicas/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Feminino , Humanos , Internato e Residência/tendências , Neurocirurgiões/tendências , Médicas/tendências
15.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 214: 32-39, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926887

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the factors influencing the Medicare collections disparity between male and female ophthalmologists. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: The Medicare Provider Utilization and Payment Data from 2012-2015 were combined with the 2015 Physician Compare National Downloadable file and US Census data. Three complementary regression models were generated for number of patients seen, number of services performed per patient, and the amount collected per service. Predictor variables included gender, calendar year, geography, years since medical school graduation, and subspecialty. RESULTS: After adjusting for age, geography, and subspecialty, women ophthalmologists collected 42% less as compared to male ophthalmologists, with the median male ophthalmologist out-earning the 75th-percentile female ophthalmologist across almost all age groups, practice categories, and geographic regions. Although women are entering more lucrative subspecialties (cataract and retina) at a higher rate than before, the percentage of women pursuing these subspecialties remains lower than that of men. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with men, women ophthalmologists see fewer patients and have lower Medicare collections. The observed gender gap in collections was highly persistent across years in practice, subspecialty, and geographic region. Future studies are warranted to examine whether the observed gender collections gap results from structural inequities, social circumstances, or personal choices.


Assuntos
Reembolso de Seguro de Saúde/economia , Medicare/economia , Oftalmologistas/tendências , Oftalmologia/economia , Médicas/tendências , Padrões de Prática Médica/economia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos
16.
Am J Med Sci ; 360(5): 511-516, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women are underrepresented in medicine despite increases in the percentage of female physicians. It is unknown if academic productivity contributes to these differences. We sought to determine whether gender disparity exists in peer-reviewed literature authorship in the United States from 2000 to 2017. METHODS: Medical and surgical peer-reviewed research articles from the United States were retrospectively reviewed using PubMed from 2000 to 2017. Manuscripts were randomly selected within 4 different time periods: 2000-2005, 2006-2010, 2011-2015 and 2016-2017. The gender of the first and last authors was determined and the journal's impact factor recorded. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) databases were used to determine the percent of female residents, attendings and academic leadership positions. Primary outcome was the prevalence of female authors in peer-reviewed literature. Secondary aims were differences in disparity in medical versus surgical specialties, differences in publications' impact factor among gender and the association between gender and mentoring. RESULTS: Within 1,120 articles reviewed, 31.6% of first authors and 19.4% of last authors were women. Female first and last authors increased over time and authorship was proportional to the number of women in the studied specialties at that specific time period (P = 0.78). There was no difference in the journal's impact factors between gender (P = 0.64). On subgroup analysis of medical and surgical subspecialties, results remained unchanged. CONCLUSIONS: Women publish research at a rate proportional to the number of academic female physicians. Disparities in leadership roles are unlikely explained by differences in publications. While gender disparities in medicine have improved, substantial disparities in leadership persist.


Assuntos
Autoria , Revisão da Pesquisa por Pares/tendências , Médicas/tendências , Sexismo/tendências , Autoria/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Revisão da Pesquisa por Pares/normas , Médicas/normas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sexismo/prevenção & controle
17.
Br J Anaesth ; 124(3): e63-e69, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980155

RESUMO

The under-representation of women in academic leadership roles, including in anaesthesiology, is a well-documented phenomenon that has persisted for decades despite more women attending medical school, participating in anaesthesiology residencies, and joining academic faculties. The percentage of female anaesthesiologists who hold senior academic ranks or leadership roles, such as chair, lags behind the percentage of female anaesthesiologists overall. Trends towards increasing the numbers of women serving in educational leadership roles, specifically residency programme directors, suggest that there are areas in which academic anaesthesiology has been, and can continue, improving gender imbalance. Continued institutional efforts to recruit women into anaesthesiology, reduce gender bias, and promote interventions that foster gender equity in hiring and promotion will continue to benefit women, academic anaesthesiology departments, and the healthcare system overall.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia/tendências , Internato e Residência/tendências , Médicas/tendências , Sexismo/tendências , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/organização & administração , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/tendências , Anestesiologia/educação , Anestesiologia/organização & administração , Escolha da Profissão , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/organização & administração , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Internato e Residência/organização & administração , Liderança , Médicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Faculdades de Medicina/organização & administração , Faculdades de Medicina/tendências , Sexismo/prevenção & controle , Estados Unidos
18.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 213: 120-124, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31982406

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the proportion of women presenting at 9 major ophthalmology conferences over 3 years. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. METHODS: Conference brochures from 9 national ophthalmology conferences from 2015 to 2017 were analyzed. Genders of first author presenters of papers and non-papers (moderators, presenters at symposia, panel discussions, workshops/instructional courses) were recorded. Comparisons were made to the gender ratio of board-certified ophthalmologists. Student t test and Cochran-Armitage trend test was used for analysis, with significance at P < .05. RESULTS: Of 14,214 speakers, 30.5% were female, statistically higher than the expected 25.4% (P < .001). Paper presenters were 33.1% female (P < .001) and non-paper presenters were 28.5% female (P < .001). When stratified to general or subspecialty conference, general conferences had a higher proportion of women compared to the American Board of Ophthalmology (ABO) expected rates (P < .001) for paper and non-paper presentations. The rates of female presenters increased over the 3 years only at the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (P = .009). Subgroup analysis showed that women presented 33.1% of papers but only 28.5% of non-paper presentations, which is lower than expected (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Our results highlight positive trends: the overall proportions of female speakers exceed ABO estimates of female ophthalmologists. However, the gender gap remains at many subspecialty conferences, especially for non-papers, which are more likely to require invitations rather than being self-submitted. As demographics continue to change, further efforts are needed to assure equitable selection of conference presenters.


Assuntos
Congressos como Assunto/tendências , Oftalmologistas/tendências , Oftalmologia/organização & administração , Médicas/tendências , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Adulto , Congressos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Médicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisadores/tendências , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sexismo/tendências
19.
Eur Radiol ; 30(3): 1644-1652, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802213

RESUMO

Women in Focus: Be Inspired was a unique programme held at the 2019 European Congress of Radiology that was structured to address a range of topics related to gender and healthcare, including leadership, mentoring and the generational progression of women in medicine. In most countries, women constitute substantially fewer than half of radiologists in academia or private practice despite frequently accounting for at least half of medical school enrolees. Furthermore, the proportion of women decreases at higher academic ranks and levels of leadership, a phenomenon which has been referred to as a "leaky pipeline". Gender diversity in the radiologic workplace, including in academic and leadership positions, is important for the present and future success of the field. It is a tool for excellence that helps to optimize patient care and research; moreover, it is essential to overcome the current shortage of radiologists. This article reviews the current state of gender diversity in academic and leadership positions in radiology internationally and explores a wide range of potential reasons for gender disparities, including the lack of role models and mentorship, unconscious bias and generational changes in attitudes about the desirability of leadership positions. Strategies for both individuals and institutions to proactively increase the representation of women in academic and leadership positions are suggested. KEY POINTS: • Gender-diverse teams perform better. Thus, gender diversity throughout the radiologic workplace, including in leadership positions, is important for the current and future success of the field. • Though women now make up roughly half of medical students, they remain underrepresented among radiology trainees, faculty and leaders. • Factors leading to the gender gap in academia and leadership positions in Radiology include a lack of role models and mentors, unconscious biases, other societal barriers and generational changes.


Assuntos
Liderança , Médicas/tendências , Radiologistas/tendências , Radiologia/organização & administração , Feminino , Humanos
20.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 30(11): 1870-1875, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587951

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine the impact of targeted efforts to increase the number of female speakers at the Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR) Annual Scientific Meeting (ASM) by reporting gender trends for invited faculty in 2017/2018 vs 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Faculty rosters for the 2016, 2017, and 2018 SIR ASMs were stratified by gender to quantify female representation at plenary sessions, categorical courses, symposia, self-assessment modules, and "meet-the-expert" sessions. Keynote events, scientific abstract presentations, and award ceremonies were excluded. In 2017, the SIR Annual Meeting Committee issued requirements for coordinators to invite selected women as speakers. Session coordinators are responsible for issuing speaker invitations, and invited speakers have the option to decline. RESULTS: Years 2017 and 2018 showed increases in female speaker representation, with women delivering 13% (89 of 687) and 14% (85 of 605) of all assigned presentations, compared with 9% in 2016 (46 of 514; P = .03 and P = .01, respectively). Gender diversity correlated with the gender of the session coordinator(s). When averaged over a 3-year period, female speakers constituted 7% of the speaker roster (112 of 1,504 presentations) for sessions led by an all-male coordinator team, compared with 36% (108 of 302) for sessions led by at least 1 female coordinator (P < .0001). Results of the linear regression model confirmed the effect of coordinator team gender composition (P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: Having a woman as a session coordinator increased female speaker participation, which suggests that the inclusion of more women as coordinators is one mechanism for achieving gender balance at scientific meetings.


Assuntos
Congressos como Assunto/tendências , Médicas/tendências , Radiologistas/tendências , Sexismo/tendências , Sociedades Médicas/tendências , Fala , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo
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