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1.
BMJ Glob Health ; 6(3)2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33716220

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic is disrupting health systems globally. Maternity care disruptions have been surveyed, but not those related to vulnerable small newborns. We aimed to survey reported disruptions to small and sick newborn care worldwide and undertake thematic analysis of healthcare providers' experiences and proposed mitigation strategies. METHODS: Using a widely disseminated online survey in three languages, we reached out to neonatal healthcare providers. We collected data on COVID-19 preparedness, effects on health personnel and on newborn care services, including kangaroo mother care (KMC), as well as disruptors and solutions. RESULTS: We analysed 1120 responses from 62 countries, mainly low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Preparedness for COVID-19 was suboptimal in terms of guidelines and availability of personal protective equipment. One-third reported routine testing of all pregnant women, but 13% had no testing capacity at all. More than 85% of health personnel feared for their own health and 89% had increased stress. Newborn care practices were disrupted both due to reduced care-seeking and a compromised workforce. More than half reported that evidence-based interventions such as KMC were discontinued or discouraged. Separation of the mother-baby dyad was reported for both COVID-positive mothers (50%) and those with unknown status (16%). Follow-up care was disrupted primarily due to families' fear of visiting hospitals (~73%). CONCLUSION: Newborn care providers are stressed and there is lack clarity and guidelines regarding care of small newborns during the pandemic. There is an urgent need to protect life-saving interventions, such as KMC, threatened by the pandemic, and to be ready to recover and build back better.


Assuntos
/prevenção & controle , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidado do Lactente , Aleitamento Materno , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidado do Lactente/métodos , Cuidado do Lactente/estatística & dados numéricos , Recém-Nascido , Método Canguru , Pandemias , Gravidez , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Breastfeed Med ; 16(3): 189-199, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33565900

RESUMO

Background: Maternity care practices such as skin-to-skin care, rooming-in, and direct breastfeeding are recommended, but it is unclear if these practices increase the risk of clinically significant COVID-19 in newborns, and if disruption of these practices adversely affects breastfeeding. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 357 mothers and their infants <12 months who had confirmed or suspected COVID-19. Subjects came from an anonymous worldwide online survey between May 4 and September 30, 2020, who were recruited through social media, support groups, and health care providers. Using multivariable logistic regression, Fisher's exact test, and summary statistics, we assessed the association of skin-to-skin care, feeding, and rooming-in with SARS-CoV-2 outcomes, breastfeeding outcomes, and maternal distress. Results: Responses came from 31 countries. Among SARS-CoV-2+ mothers whose infection was ≤3 days of birth, 7.4% of their infants tested positive. We found a nonsignificant decrease in risk of hospitalization among neonates who roomed-in, directly breastfed, or experienced uninterrupted skin-to-skin care (p > 0.2 for each). Infants who did not directly breastfeed, experience skin-to-skin care, or who did not room-in within arms' reach, were significantly less likely to be exclusively breastfed in the first 3 months, adjusting for maternal symptoms (p ≤ 0.02 for each). Nearly 60% of mothers who experienced separation reported feeling "very distressed," and 29% who tried to breastfeed were unable. Presence of maternal symptoms predicted infant transmission or symptoms (adjusted odds ratio = 4.50, 95% confidence interval = 1.52-13.26, p = 0.006). Conclusion: Disruption of evidence-based quality standards of maternity care is associated with harm and may be unnecessary.


Assuntos
/estatística & dados numéricos , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Aleitamento Materno/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Mortalidade Infantil , Recém-Nascido , Internacionalidade , Método Canguru , Modelos Logísticos , Análise Multivariada , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tato
5.
Pediatrics ; 147(2)2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479162

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe neonatal and maternal characteristics of the largest prospective cohort of newborns from mothers with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the data of which were prospectively collected from the nationwide registry of the Spanish Society of Neonatology. METHODS: Between March 8, 2020, and May 26, 2020, the data of 503 neonates born to 497 mothers diagnosed with COVID-19 during pregnancy or at the time of delivery were collected by 79 hospitals throughout Spain. RESULTS: Maternal symptoms were similar to that of the general population, with 5% of severe forms. In 45.8% of asymptomatic women at the time of delivery, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection was detected because of recommendations established in Spain to perform COVID-19 screening in all women admitted to the hospital for labor. The rate of preterm deliveries was 15.7% and of cesarean deliveries, 33%. The most common diagnostic test was detection of viral RNA by polymerase chain reaction of nasopharyngeal swabs at a median age of 3 hours after delivery (1-12 hours). Almost one-half of neonates were left skin-to-skin after delivery, and delayed clamping of umbilical cords was performed in 43% of neonates. Also, 62.3% of asymptomatic neonates were managed with rooming-in. Maternal milk was received by 76.5% of neonates, 204 of them as exclusive breastfeeding. CONCLUSIONS: The current study indicates that there is no need for separation of mothers from neonates, allowing delayed cord clamping and skin-to-skin contact along with maintenance of breastfeeding in a high percentage of newborns from mothers with COVID-19.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adulto , Aleitamento Materno , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa , Método Canguru , Pandemias , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Alojamento Conjunto , Espanha/epidemiologia
6.
Lancet Glob Health ; 9(3): e267-e279, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Progress in reducing maternal and neonatal deaths and stillbirths is impeded by data gaps, especially regarding coverage and quality of care in hospitals. We aimed to assess the validity of indicators of maternal and newborn health-care coverage around the time of birth in survey data and routine facility register data. METHODS: Every Newborn-BIRTH Indicators Research Tracking in Hospitals was an observational study in five hospitals in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Tanzania. We included women and their newborn babies who consented on admission to hospital. Exclusion critiera at admission were no fetal heartbeat heard or imminent birth. For coverage of uterotonics to prevent post-partum haemorrhage, early initiation of breastfeeding (within 1 h), neonatal bag-mask ventilation, kangaroo mother care (KMC), and antibiotics for clinically defined neonatal infection (sepsis, pneumonia, or meningitis), we collected time-stamped, direct observation or case note verification data as gold standard. We compared data reported via hospital exit surveys and via hospital registers to the gold standard, pooled using random effects meta-analysis. We calculated population-level validity ratios (measured coverage to observed coverage) plus individual-level validity metrics. FINDINGS: We observed 23 471 births and 840 mother-baby KMC pairs, and verified the case notes of 1015 admitted newborn babies regarding antibiotic treatment. Exit-survey-reported coverage for KMC was 99·9% (95% CI 98·3-100) compared with observed coverage of 100% (99·9-100), but exit surveys underestimated coverage for uterotonics (84·7% [79·1-89·5]) vs 99·4% [98·7-99·8] observed), bag-mask ventilation (0·8% [0·4-1·4]) vs 4·4% [1·9-8·1]), and antibiotics for neonatal infection (74·7% [55·3-90·1] vs 96·4% [94·0-98·6] observed). Early breastfeeding coverage was overestimated in exit surveys (53·2% [39·4-66·8) vs 10·9% [3·8-21·0] observed). "Don't know" responses concerning clinical interventions were more common in the exit survey after caesarean birth. Register data underestimated coverage of uterotonics (77·9% [37·8-99·5] vs 99·2% [98·6-99·7] observed), bag-mask ventilation (4·3% [2·1-7·3] vs 5·1% [2·0-9·6] observed), KMC (92·9% [84·2-98·5] vs 100% [99·9-100] observed), and overestimated early breastfeeding (85·9% (58·1-99·6) vs 12·5% [4·6-23·6] observed). Inter-hospital heterogeneity was higher for register-recorded coverage than for exit survey report. Even with the same register design, accuracy varied between hospitals. INTERPRETATION: Coverage indicators for newborn and maternal health care in exit surveys had low accuracy for specific clinical interventions, except for self-report of KMC, which had high sensitivity after admission to a KMC ward or corner and could be considered for further assessment. Hospital register design and completion are less standardised than surveys, resulting in variable data quality, with good validity for the best performing sites. Because approximately 80% of births worldwide take place in facilities, standardising register design and information systems has the potential to sustainably improve the quality of data on care at birth. FUNDING: Children's Investment Fund Foundation and Swedish Research Council.


Assuntos
Países em Desenvolvimento , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil/organização & administração , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Antibacterianos/provisão & distribução , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/tratamento farmacológico , Método Canguru/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil/normas , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243770, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332395

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Kangaroo mother care (KMC) involves continuous skin-to-skin contact of baby on mother's chest to provide warmth, frequent breastfeeding, recognizing danger signs of illness, and early discharge. Though KMC is safe, effective and recommended by the World Health Organization, implementation remains limited in practice. The objective of this study is to understand barriers and facilitators to KMC practice at tertiary and secondary health facilities in southern Malawi from the perspective of health workers. METHODS: This study is part of the "Integrating a neonatal healthcare package for Malawi" project in the Innovating for Maternal and Child Health in Africa initiative. In-depth interviews were conducted between May-Aug 2019 with a purposively drawn sample of service providers and supervisors working in newborn health at a large tertiary hospital and three district-level hospitals in southern Malawi. Data were analyzed using a thematic approach using NVivo 12 software (QSR International, Melbourne, Australia). FINDINGS: A total of 27 nurses, clinical officers, paediatricians and district health management officials were interviewed. Staff attitudes, inadequate resources and reliance on families emerged as key themes. Health workers from Malawi described KMC practice positively as a low-cost, low-technology solution appropriate for resource-constrained health settings. However, staff perceptions that KMC babies were clinically stable was associated with lower prioritization in care and poor monitoring practices. Neglect of the KMC ward by medical staff, inadequate staffing and reliance on caregivers for supplies were associated with women self-discharging early. CONCLUSION: Though routine uptake of KMC was policy for stable low birthweight and preterm infants in the four hospitals, there were gaps in monitoring and maintenance of practice. While conceptualized as a low-cost intervention, sustainable implementation requires investments in technologies, staffing and hospital provisioning of basic supplies such as food, bedding, and KMC wraps. Strengthening hospital capacities to support KMC is needed as part of a continuum of care for premature infants.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Método Canguru/estatística & dados numéricos , Família , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Lactente , Método Canguru/psicologia , Malaui , Centros de Cuidados de Saúde Secundários/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
Rech Soins Infirm ; (142): 43-52, 2020 12.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33319716

RESUMO

Introduction : Early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) is recommended for all healthy full-term newborns.Background : Very few studies have looked specifically at the personal experience of first-time parents when their full-term baby is born.Objectives : To describe the experience of first-time parents who engaged in early SSC with their full-term newborn, and their perception of the contribution and the role of nurses in the success of this practice.Method : This descriptive phenomenological study was carried out in a medical center in the Quebec region. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with ten parents.Results : Parents reported experiencing a series of moments filled with emotion, happiness, comfort, closeness, and intimacy. The results appear to show that an enhanced attachment bond is formed. Parents consider the contribution and the role of nurses to be essential to the success of early SSC.Discussion : It is important to strengthen, encourage, and expand the practice of early SSC among new mothers and to provide a greater opportunity for fathers to carry out this practice with their newborn in the immediate postnatal period.Conclusion : Early SSC has positive effects for both first-time parents and the newborn.


Assuntos
Método Canguru , Mães/psicologia , Apego ao Objeto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Entrevistas como Assunto , Pais , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Quebeque
10.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 4514-4517, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018997

RESUMO

Premature births are highly prevalent; world-wide, one in every ten births is premature. A common complication of premature birth is the inability of the newborns to regulate their own body temperature (hypothermia). Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is an effective strategy to mitigate this problem but has challenges. Namely, KMC requires constant engagement from the caregiver in order to keep the baby warm and to monitor the baby's temperature every 4 hours. In this report we describe NeoWarm, a device designed to address these challenges via continuous integrated warming and automated temperature monitoring of the infant, both during KMC and when the caregiver takes a break. Pilot studies demonstrate the ability of the device to warm a simulated newborn from moderate hypothermia to ideal core temperatures within two hours.


Assuntos
Hipotermia , Método Canguru , Nascimento Prematuro , Criança , Feminino , Calefação , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Temperatura
11.
Rev. enferm. Cent.-Oeste Min ; 10(1): 3955, out. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1150296

RESUMO

Objetivo: Compreender como as mães vivenciam o posicionamento canguru, na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal e apreender a percepção sobre as relações de apego com seus bebês mediadas pelo posicionamento canguru. Método: Caráter qualitativo, descritivo e exploratório. Participaram 9 mães maiores de 18 anos com filhos internados em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal com idade gestacional igual ou inferior a 30 semanas, que realizaram o posicionamento canguru, pelo menos duas vezes. Foram excluídas mães que já tiveram filhos internados em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal, mães de gemelares, com diagnóstico psiquiátrico e usuárias de psicoativos. A coleta aconteceu, por meio do preenchimento de ficha para obtenção de dadossociodemográficos, entrevista semiestruturada antes e após a realização da posição canguru e o diário da participante. O encerramento da coleta deu-se por saturação e foram analisados, conforme Análise de Conteúdo, na modalidade temática. Resultados: Os dados foram agrupados por temas, emergiram as seguintes categorias: maternidade no contexto da Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal, Interação mãe-bebê, durante a gestação e após o Canguru, Expectativa e realidade materna, em relação ao Canguru. Conclusão: A posição canguru cumpre sua função conforme norma do Ministério da Saúde, tanto para benefícios clínicos para o bebê como para humanização e aumento do apego mãe-bebê.(AU)


Objective: To understand how mothers experience and perceive the attachment relationship with their babies mediated by the kangaroo position in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit . Method: This is a qualitative, descriptive, and exploratory study. Nine mothers over 18 years of age with children admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit with gestational age equal to or less than 30 weeks, and who performed the kangaroo positioning at least twice participated in this study. Mothers who already had children hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, had twins, had a psychiatric diagnosis and used psychoactive drugs were excluded. Data collection took place by filling out a form to obtain sociodemographic data, by performing semi-structured interviews before and after the kangaroo position, and by analyzing the participant's' diaries. The criterion to end data collectionwas saturation and data were analyzed according to Content Analysis. Results: The data were grouped in themes, and divided into the following categories: Maternity in the context of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Mother-baby interaction during pregnancy and after the Kangaroo, Expectation and maternal reality concerning the Kangaroo. Conclusion: the kangaroo position fulfilled its function according to the Ministry of Health standard, both for clinical benefits for the baby and humanization, and increased mother-baby attachment.(AU)


Objetivo: Comprender cómo las madres experimentan la posición canguro en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales y comprender la percepción de las relaciones de apego con sus bebés por medio de la posición canguro. Método: Cualitativo, descriptivo y exploratorio. Participaron nueve madres mayores de 18 años con hijos ingresados en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales con edad gestacional igual o menor a 30 semanas, quienes realizaron la posición canguro al menos dos veces. Se excluyeron las madres que ya tenían hijos hospitalizados en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales, madres con gemelos, con diagnóstico psiquiátrico y consumidoras de psicoactivos. La recogida se realizó mediante las respuestas de un formulario de obtención de datos sociodemográficos, entrevista semiestructurada antes y después de realizar la posición canguro y diario del participante. El cierre de la recolección de datos fue por saturación y se analizaron según Análisis de Contenido, en la modalidad temática. Resultados: Los datos fueron agrupados por temas, surgieron las siguientes categorías: Maternidad en el contexto de la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales, Interacción madre-bebé durante el embarazo y después del Canguro, Expectativa y realidad materna con relación al Canguro. Conclusión: La posición canguro cumple su función según el estándar del Ministerio de Salud, tanto por los beneficios clínicos para el bebé como por la humanización y el aumento del apego madre-bebé(AU)


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Método Canguru , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Apego ao Objeto
12.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238629, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Globally, every year greater than twenty million newborns are born weighing less than 2500grams, of which over 96% of them were in developing countries. It contributes to sixty to eighty percent of all neonatal deaths, annually. These infants weighing less than 2500gram will have a poor immune system and are at risk of morbidity and mortality. This study was aimed to investigate the survival status and predictors of mortality among neonates admitted with low birth weight at public hospitals in Ethiopia. METHOD: A prospective cohort study was conducted among selected 216 newborns admitted with low birth weight who were admitted in neonatal intensive care unit at Arba Minch General hospital, Sawla General Hospital and Chencha district hospital from 1st March 2018 to 28st February 2019. Data were entered into Epi data version 3.02 and exported to STATA V 14 for analysis. The Kaplan Meier survival curve together with log rank test was used to estimate the survival time of the newborns. Variables which had p-value <0.05 in multivariable analysis using the cox proportional hazard model were declared as statistically significant. RESULT: The cumulative proportion of surviving at the end of third days was 99.01% (95%CI: 96.11, 99.75). Similarly it was 97.81% (95%CI: 94.25, 99.18), 96.27% (95%CI: 91.76, 98.33) and 94.33% (95%CI: 88.72, 97.19) at the end of fourth, fifth and sixth day respectively. The overall mean survival time was 17.13 days (95%CI: 12.76, 21.49). The incidence of mortality among neonates admitted with low birth weight was 83 per 1000 live births. Mothers with DM (AHR:4.79; 95%CI:1.15, 19.8), maternal HIV infection(AHR:6.47;95%CI:1.43,29.3), not keeping the newborn under KMC(AHR:13.0;95%CI:3.42, 49.5) and initiating exclusive breast feeding within one hour(AHR:0.19;95%CI:0.04, 0.95) were statistically significant in multivariable cox regression analysis. CONCLUSION: The risk of mortality among neonates admitted with low birth weight was high at the early admission period and the incidence of mortality was high. Maternal history of diabetes mellitus, HIV/AIDS infection, keeping the newborn under kangaroo mother care and exclusive breast feeding initiation were statistically significant predictors of mortality. Special emphasis should be given for neonates with low birth weight at the early follow up periods and Kangaroo mother care practice should be a usual practice.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Infantil , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Morte Perinatal , Criança , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Hospitalização , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Método Canguru , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
15.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1234, 2020 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kangaroo mother care (KMC) has been proved to be a safe and cost-effective standard of care for preterm babies. China hasn't adopted the KMC practice widely until recently. We aim to assess barriers and facilitators of KMC adoption in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and postnatal wards in China. METHODS: We conducted clinical observations and semi-structured interviews with nurses, physicians, and parents who performed KMC in seven NICUs and postnatal wards housed in five hospitals in different provinces of China between August and September 2018. The interviews provided first-hand stakeholder perspectives on barriers and facilitators of KMC implementation and sustainability. We further explored health system's readiness and families' willingness to sustain KMC practice following its pilot introduction. We coded data for emerging themes related to financial barriers, parent- and hospital-level perceived barriers, and facilitators of KMC adoption, specifically those unique in the Chinese context. RESULTS: Five hospitals with KMC pilot programs were selected for clinical observations and 38 semi-structured interviews were conducted. Common cultural barriers included concerns with the conflict with traditional postpartum confinement (Zuo-yue-zi) practice and grandparents' resistance, while a strong family support is a facilitator for KMC adoption. Some parents reported anxiety and guilt associated with having a preterm baby, which can be a parental-level barrier to KMC. Hospital-level factors such as fear of nosocomial infection and shortage of staff and spaces impeded the KMC implementation, and supportive community and peer group organized by the hospital contributed to KMC uptake. Financial barriers included lodging costs for caregivers and supply costs for hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: We provided a comprehensive in-depth report on the multi-level KMC barriers and facilitators in China. We recommend policy interventions specifically addressing these barriers and facilitators and increase family and peer support to improve KMC adoption in China. We also recommend that well-designed local cultural and economic feasibility and acceptability studies should be conducted before the KMC uptake.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/organização & administração , Método Canguru/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidado Pós-Natal/organização & administração , China , Hospitais , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Pesquisa Qualitativa
17.
Lancet Child Adolesc Health ; 4(10): 750-760, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735783

RESUMO

Background Increasing numbers of neonates are undergoing painful procedures in low-income and middle-income countries, with adequate analgesia seldom used. In collaboration with a multi-disciplinary team in Kenya, we aimed to establish the first evidence-based guidelines for the management of routine procedure-related neonatal pain that consider low-resource hospital settings. METHODS: We did a systematic review by searching MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and CENTRAL databases for studies published from Jan 1, 1953, to March 31, 2019. We included data from randomised controlled trials using heart rate, oxygen saturation (SpO2), premature infant pain profile (PIPP) score, neonatal infant pain scale (NIPS) score, neonatal facial coding system score, and douleur aiguë du nouveau-né scale score as pain outcome measures. We excluded studies in which neonates were undergoing circumcision or were intubated, studies from which data were unextractable, or when pain was scored by non-trained individuals. We did a narrative synthesis of all studies, and meta-analysis when data were available from multiple studies comparing the same analgesics and controls and using the same outcome measures. 17 Kenyan health-care professionals formed our clinical guideline development panel, and we used the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation framework and the panel's knowledge of the local health-care context to guide the guideline development process. This study is registered with PROSPERO, CRD42019126620. FINDINGS: Of 2782 studies assessed for eligibility, data from 149 (5%) were analysed, with 80 (3%) of these further contributing to our meta-analysis. We found a high level of certainty for the superiority of breastfeeding over placebo or no intervention (standardised mean differences [SMDs] were -1·40 [95% CI -1·96 to -0·84] in PIPP score and -2·20 [-2·91 to -1·48] in NIPS score), and the superiority of oral sugar solutions over placebo or no intervention (SMDs were -0·38 [-0·61 to -0·16] in heart rate and 0·23 [0·04 to 0·42] in SpO2). We found a moderate level of certainty for the superiority for expressed breastmilk over placebo or no intervention (SMDs were -0·46 [95% CI -0·87 to -0·05] in heart rate and 0·48 [0·20 to 0·75] in SpO2). Therefore, the panel recommended that breastfeeding should be given as first-line analgesic treatment, initiated at least 2 min pre-procedure. Given contextual factors, for neonates who are unable to breastfeed, 1-2 mL of expressed breastmilk should be given as first-line analgesic, or 1-2 mL of oral sugar (≥10% concentration) as second-line analgesic. The panel also recommended parental presence during procedures with adjunctive provision of skin-to-skin care, or non-nutritive sucking when possible. INTERPRETATION: We have generated Kenya's first neonatal analgesic guidelines for routine procedures, which have been adopted by the Kenyan Ministry of Health, and have shown a framework for clinical guideline development that is applicable to other low-income and middle-income health-care settings. FUNDING: Wellcome Trust Research Programme, and the Africa-Oxford Initiative.


Assuntos
Cuidado do Lactente/métodos , Método Canguru/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor/prevenção & controle , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Quênia , Masculino , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Flebotomia/efeitos adversos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Punções/efeitos adversos
18.
Referência ; serV(3): 20033-20033, jul. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1143620

RESUMO

Enquadramento: A posição canguru consiste em manter o recém-nascido em contacto pele a pele com mãe, pai ou cuidador eleito pela família. Os seus benefícios envolvem melhoria clínica e ganho de peso do recém-nascido. Objetivo: Descrever a vivência paterna durante a realização da posição canguru com o seu recém-nascido de baixo peso. Metodologia: Pesquisa de caráter exploratório-descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa, realizada em neonatologia, na região sul do Brasil. As informações foram colhidas por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas e submetidas à análise de conteúdo temática. Resultados: Participaram 5 pais. Foram construídas 3 categorias, que contemplaram a ambivalência de sentimentos; as facilidades e as dificuldades vivenciadas; e o fortalecimento do vínculo pai-filho. Conclusão: É possível transcender os resultados deste estudo e pensar na posição canguru como uma estratégia para o estímulo da interação e do vínculo entre pai e filho, pode efetivamente ser o desencadeador para o desenvolvimento da paternidade.


Background: The kangaroo position consists of keeping the newborn in skin-to-skin contact with the mother, father, or caregiver elected by the family. Its benefits include the newborn's clinical improvement and weight gain. Objective: To describe the fathers' experiences using the kangaroo position with their low-birth-weight newborns. Methods: A descriptive exploratory research, with a qualitative approach, was conducted in a neonatal unit, in southern Brazil. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, and a thematic content analysis was carried out. Results: Five fathers participated in the study, from which three categories resulted: the ambivalence of feelings; the ease and difficulty experienced; and the strengthening of the father-child bond. Conclusion: It is possible to go beyond the results of this study and consider the kangaroo position as a strategy to stimulate the father-child interaction and bonding, while effectively acting as a trigger for the development of fatherhood.


Marco contextual: La posición canguro consiste en mantener al recién nacido en contacto piel a piel con la madre, el padre o el cuidador elegido por la familia. Sus beneficios implican una mejora clínica y el aumento de peso del recién nacido. Objetivo: Describir la experiencia paterna durante la realización de la posición canguro con su recién nacido de bajo peso. Metodología: Investigación de carácter exploratorio-descriptivo, con un enfoque cualitativo, realizada en neonatología, en la región sur de Brasil. La información se recopiló mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas y se sometió a un análisis de contenido temático. Resultados: Cinco padres participaron. Se construyeron tres categorías, que contemplaban la ambivalencia de los sentimientos; las facilidades y las dificultades experimentadas, y el fortalecimiento del vínculo padre-hijo. Conclusión: Es posible trascender los resultados de este estudio y pensar en la posición canguro como una estrategia para estimular la interacción y el vínculo entre padre e hijo, puede ser efectivamente el detonante para el desarrollo de la paternidad.


Assuntos
Paternidade , Método Canguru , Recém-Nascido , Enfermagem Neonatal
19.
Indian Pediatr ; 57(8): 730-733, 2020 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525496

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has ramifications for the delivery of newborn nutrition and care services. World Health Organization recommends continuation of breastfeeding in these difficult times, with due precautions. If direct breastfeeding is not possible, milk expression should be explored. Pasteurized donor human milk from milk banks may be fed if mother's own milk is not available. To universalize access to human milk, the Indian government has proposed the establishment of comprehensive lactation management centers/milk banks, lactation management units, and lactation support units at all levels of the public health system. Due to COVID-19, these centers are encountering additional challenges cutting across interventions of rooming in, breastfeeding, milk expression, and provision of donor milk and kangaroo mother care. We discuss issues faced and alleviation measures taken by these centres in relation to provision of an exclusive human milk diet for infants during the pandemic.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Aleitamento Materno , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Bancos de Leite , Leite Humano , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Recém-Nascido , Método Canguru , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(3): s107-s117, jun. 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1117412

RESUMO

El contacto piel a piel al nacer (COPAP) entre madres y recién nacidos a término sanos es fundamental en los estándares de la Iniciativa Hospital Amigo de la Madre y el Niño de Unicef. El COPAP inmediatamente después del nacimiento favorece la estabilidad cardiorrespiratoria, la prevalencia y duración de la lactancia materna y el vínculo madre-hijo, y disminuye el estrés materno. Existe preocupación por los casos de colapso súbito inesperado posnatal durante el COPAP con el bebé en decúbito prono sobre el torso desnudo materno. Si bien es infrecuente, evoluciona en el 50 % de los casos como evento grave de aparente amenaza a la vida y la otra mitad fallece (muerte súbita e inesperada neonatal temprana). Durante el COPAP y, al menos, las primeras 2 horas después del parto, el personal de Sala de Partos y recuperación debe observar y evaluar cualquier parámetro que implique una descompensación del bebé.


Early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) between mothers and healthy term newborns is a key part of the Unicef Baby Friendly Initiative Standards. SSC immediately after birth provides cardio-respiratory stability, improves prevalence and duration of breastfeeding, improves maternal-infant bonding and decreases maternal stress. There is a concern about cases of sudden unexpected postnatal collapse during a period of SSC with the infant prone on the mother ́s chest. Said collapse includes both severe apparent life-threatening event and sudden unexpected early neonatal death in the first week of life. Even if considered rare, consequences are serious with death in half of the cases and remaining disability in majority of the cases reported. For these reasons during SSC and for at least the first 2 hours after delivery, health care personnel in the delivery and recovery room should observe and assess for any sign of decompensation in the infant


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Morte Súbita do Lactente/prevenção & controle , Método Canguru , Apego ao Objeto , Tato/fisiologia , Aleitamento Materno , Relações Mãe-Filho
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