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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17298, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574854

RESUMO

Recently, studies have shown significant association between the rs2000999 polymorphism in the haptoglobin-encoding gene (HP) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC) levels, which are important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. However, the association of rs2000999 with serum lipids in Latin American diabetic populations is still uncharacterized. Here, we analyzed the association of rs2000999 with TC, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and LDL-C levels in 546 Mexican adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and in 654 controls without T2D. In this observational case-control study we included adults from 4 centers of the Mexican Social Security Institute in Mexico City recruited from 2012 to 2015. TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, triglycerides (TG), and glucose levels were measured by an enzymatic colorimetric method. The variant rs2000999 was genotyped using TaqMan real time polymerase chain reaction. The percentage of Native-American ancestry showed a negative association with the rs2000999 A allele. In contrast, the rs2000999 A allele had a strong positive association with European ancestry, and to a lesser extent, with African ancestry. Linear regression was used to estimate the association between the variant rs2000999 and lipid concentrations, using different genetic models. Under codominant and recessive models, rs2000999 was significantly associated with TC and LDL-C levels in the T2D group and in controls without T2D. In addition, the group with T2D showed a significant association between the variant and HDL-C levels. In summary, the rs2000999 A allele in Mexican population is positively associated with the percentage of European and negatively associated with Native American ancestry. Carriers of the A allele have increased levels of TC and LDL-C, independently of T2D diagnosis, and also increased concentrations of HDL-C in the T2D sample.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Colesterol/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Haptoglobinas , Adulto , Biomarcadores/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Feminino , Haptoglobinas/análise , Haptoglobinas/genética , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco
2.
Ann Parasitol ; 65(2): 183-186, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578842

RESUMO

A 10-year-old intact female Chihuahua, 2.5 kg of weight and BCS 2 (range 1­5) was taken in for medical consultation due to the presence of four skin lesion, two in the ventral thoracic region and two in the dorsal region. The dog was receiving medication due to congestive heart failure. A cutaneous form of canine leishmaniosis was diagnosed using molecular tools from a 10-years-old Chihuahua dog living in the Caribbean region. The critical health condition of the geriatric patient may have evolved to a fatal renal failure. This report is the first of a fatal case of leishmaniosis in a dog from the endemic region in Mexico.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Leishmania infantum , Leishmaniose Cutânea , Animais , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Cães , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Leishmaniose Cutânea/diagnóstico , Leishmaniose Cutânea/patologia , Leishmaniose Cutânea/veterinária , México , Pele/parasitologia
3.
Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo ; 61: e45, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531623

RESUMO

Myiasis caused by Dermatobia hominis , the human botfly, is frequent in the Americas, however, scarce morphological and molecular information exist regarding this dipteran. We describe three cases in urban areas of Mexico were D. hominis is not endemic. Morphological and genetic identification were performed using the cytochrome oxidase I as a molecular marker. The mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene is useful for inferring the genetic divergence of D. hominis .


Assuntos
Dípteros/enzimologia , Dípteros/genética , Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Miíase/parasitologia , Adulto , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miíase/diagnóstico , Filogenia , População Urbana
4.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1161: 1-2, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562616

RESUMO

In addition to this introduction, this book contains 18 outstanding chapters based on comprehensive and detailed reviews of timely topics presented at the 15th International Conference on Bioactive Lipids in Cancer, Inflammation and Related Diseases held in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico on October 22-25, 2017.


Assuntos
Inflamação , Lipídeos , Neoplasias , Congressos como Assunto , Humanos , Lipídeos/fisiologia , México , Neoplasias/fisiopatologia
5.
Mol Plant Microbe Interact ; 32(10): 1267-1269, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31425006

RESUMO

Phytophthora capsici is an oomycete plant pathogen with a wide host range. Worldwide, P. capsici is known for causing the principal disease of chili pepper crops. Our goal was to expand the available genome resources for this diverse pathogen by generating whole-genome sequences for six isolates of P. capsici from Mexico.


Assuntos
Genoma de Protozoário , Phytophthora , Capsicum/parasitologia , Genoma de Protozoário/genética , México , Phytophthora/genética , Doenças das Plantas/parasitologia
6.
Environ Res ; 177: 108630, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421446

RESUMO

There is increasing evidence that several metals are endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). In utero development and adolescence are critical windows of susceptibility to EDC exposure. With the exception of a few heavy metals, few human studies have evaluated the impact of metal exposure on pubertal development. Our aim was to investigate measures of in utero and peripubertal metal exposure in relation to reproductive hormone levels and sexual maturation and progression among girls from the Early Life Exposure in Mexico to Environmental Toxicants (ELEMENT) cohorts. We measured urinary concentrations of aluminum (Al), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), nickel (Ni), antimony (Sb), selenium (Se), and zinc (Zn) in samples collected from women during their third trimester of pregnancy and from their female children at 8-13 years (n = 132). We measured serum testosterone, estradiol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S), inhibin B, and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) at age 8-13, and assessed Tanner stages for sexual maturation (breast, pubic hair development, and menarche status), at two time points (8-13, 14-18 years). We used linear regression to independently examine in utero and peripubertal metal concentrations as predictors of peripubertal hormones. In a longitudinal analysis using generalized estimation equations, we evaluated Tanner stage and menarche progression in relation to individual in utero and peripubertal metal concentrations. We found that higher in utero Zn was associated with increased inhibin B. Several metals at 8-13 years were associated with higher DHEA-S and estradiol, while Ni was positively but Cu was negatively associated with testosterone. In utero Ni, Al, and Cd were associated with slower progression of breast development after adjustment for child age and BMI z-score. For example, an IQR increase in in utero Al exposure was associated with 0.82 times lower odds of progressing to a higher Tanner stage for breast development per year (95% CI: 0.68, 0.99). Peripubertal concentrations of Ba and Al were also associated with being at a higher pubic hair Tanner stage and menarche at 8-13, but lower odds of progressing to the next stage at 14-18 years. We used Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) to model the joint effect of multiple metals while accounting for correlated exposures, as well as potential non-linear relationships between metals and outcomes of interest, which yielded results similar to individual analyses. These findings suggest that female reproductive development may be vulnerable to the effects of metal exposure, and using both Tanner stages and hormone levels may provide clues about underlying mechanisms in two sensitive periods of development.


Assuntos
Disruptores Endócrinos/efeitos adversos , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/sangue , Metais Pesados/efeitos adversos , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Maturidade Sexual , Adolescente , Teorema de Bayes , Criança , Cidades , Sulfato de Desidroepiandrosterona/sangue , Disruptores Endócrinos/urina , Estradiol/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Inibinas/sangue , Metais Pesados/urina , México , Gravidez , Globulina de Ligação a Hormônio Sexual/análise , Testosterona/sangue
7.
J Glob Health ; 9(2): 020413, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31448114

RESUMO

Background: Past studies have demonstrated how single non-communicable diseases (NCDs) affect health care utilisation and quality of life (QoL), but not how different NCD combinations interact to affect these. Our study aims to investigate the prevalence of NCD dyad and triad combinations, and the implications of different NCD dyad combinations on health care utilisation and QoL. Methods: Our study utilised cross-sectional data from the WHO SAGE study to examine the most prevalent NCD combinations in six large middle-income countries (MICs). Subjects were mostly aged 50 years and above, with a smaller proportion aged 18 to 49 years. Multivariable linear regression was applied to investigate which NCD dyads increased or decreased health care utilisation and QoL, compared with subjects with only one NCD. Results: The study included 41 557 subjects. Most prevalent NCD combinations differed by subgroups, including age, gender, income, and residence (urban vs rural). Diabetes, stroke, and depression had the largest effect on increasing mean number of outpatient visits, increasing mean number of hospitalisation days, and decreasing mean QoL scores, respectively. Out of the 36 NCD dyads in our study, thirteen, four, and five dyad combinations were associated with higher or lower mean number of outpatient visits, mean number of hospitalisations, or mean QoL scores, respectively, compared with treating separate patients with one NCD each. Dyads of depression were associated with fewer mean outpatient visits, more hospitalisations, and lower mean QoL scores, compared to patients with one NCD. Dyads of hypertension and diabetes were also associated with a reduced mean number of outpatient visits. Conclusions: Certain NCD combinations increase or decrease health care utilisation and QoL substantially more than treating separate patients with one NCD each. Health systems should consider the needs of patients with different multimorbidity patterns to effectively respond to the demands on health care utilisation and to mitigate adverse effects on QoL.


Assuntos
Países em Desenvolvimento , Multimorbidade/tendências , Doenças não Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Gana/epidemiologia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Federação Russa/epidemiologia , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Vet Immunol Immunopathol ; 214: 109902, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378221

RESUMO

Autoantibodies against cytokines have been associated with immunodeficiency, susceptibility to infectious diseases, autoimmunity and inflammation in humans, but have not yet been investigated in the Veterinary field so far. The aim of the current study was to determine the presence of anti-cytokine autoantibodies in canines suffering from various conditions including recurrent infections, autoimmune diseases and cancer in comparison to healthy controls. This is the first report of the presence of autoantibodies against cytokines in dogs. A total of 101 serum samples (51 patients and 50 clinically healthy dogs) from the state of Mexico and surroundings were analysed using a multiplex bead-based flow cytometry assay. Results show significant levels of various anti-cytokine autoantibodies in diseased dogs but not in healthy controls. In addition we show distinct associations of various disease types to the specificity of anti-cytokine autoantibodies and to response complexities. Apart from the direct functional/causal implication of anti-cytokine auto-antibodies on disease processes, this findings point to the possibility to use anti-cytokine response patterns as diagnostic tools.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Doenças Autoimunes/veterinária , Citocinas/imunologia , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/veterinária , Animais , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Cães , Feminino , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/imunologia , Incidência , Masculino , México , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/veterinária
9.
Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo ; 61: e37, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411267

RESUMO

Candida glabrata complex includes three species identified through molecular biology methods: C. glabrata sensu stricto , C. nivariensis and C. bracarensis . In Mexico, the phenotypic methods are still used in the diagnosis; therefore, the presence of C. nivariensis and C. bracarensis among clinical isolates is still unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of a multiplex PCR for the identification of the C. glabrata species complex. DNA samples from 92 clinical isolates that were previously identified through phenotypic characteristics as C. glabrata were amplified by four oligonucleotides (UNI-5.8S, GLA-f, BRA-f, and NIV-f) that generate amplicons of 397, 293 and 223-bp corresponding to C. glabrata sensu stricto , C. nivariensis , and C. bracarensis , respectively. The amplicon sequences were used to perform a phylogenetic analysis through the Maximum Likelihood method (MEGA6), including strains and reference sequences of species belonging to C. glabrata complex. In addition, recombination and linkage disequilibrium were estimated (DnaSP version 5.0) for C. glabrata sensu stricto isolate s . Eighty-eight isolates generated a 397-bp fragment and only in one isolate a 223-bp amplicon was observed. In the phylogenetic tree, the sequences of 397-bp were grouped with C. glabrata reference sequences , and the sequence of 223-bp was grouped with C. bracarensis reference sequences, corroborating the PCR identification. The number of recombination events for the isolates of C. glabrata sensu stricto was zero, suggesting a clonal population structure. Three isolates that did not amplify any of the expected fragments were identified as Saccharomyces cerevisiae through the sequencing of the D1/D2 domain region within the 28S rDNA gene. The multiplex PCR is a fast, cost-effective and reliable tool that can be used in clinical laboratories to identify C. glabrata complex species.


Assuntos
Candida glabrata/genética , Candidíase/microbiologia , DNA Fúngico/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica/métodos , Candida glabrata/isolamento & purificação , DNA Ribossômico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
10.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(33): 713-717, 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437141

RESUMO

In September 2018, CDC identified Salmonella enterica serotype Newport (Newport) infections that were multidrug resistant (MDR), with decreased susceptibility to azithromycin, a recommended oral treatment agent. Until 2017, decreased susceptibility to azithromycin had occurred in fewer than 0.5% of Salmonella isolates from U.S. residents. This report summarizes the investigation of a multistate MDR Salmonella outbreak conducted by CDC, state and local health departments, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service. During June 2018-March 2019, 255 cases of infection with the outbreak strain were identified in 32 states; 43% of patients (89 of 206 with information on travel) reported recent travel to Mexico. Infections were linked to consumption of soft cheese obtained in Mexico and beef obtained in the United States. Consumers should avoid eating soft cheese that could be made from unpasteurized milk, regardless of the source of the cheese. When preparing beef, a food thermometer should be used to ensure that appropriate cooking temperatures are reached. When antibiotic treatment is needed for a patient, clinicians should choose antibiotics based on susceptibility testing wherever possible.


Assuntos
Azitromicina/farmacologia , Surtos de Doenças , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Intoxicação Alimentar por Salmonella/epidemiologia , Salmonella/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Queijo/microbiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , México , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carne Vermelha/microbiologia , Salmonella/genética , Intoxicação Alimentar por Salmonella/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Relacionada a Viagens , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Environ Monit Assess ; 191(8): 521, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359155

RESUMO

The present work had the goal of assessing anthropization of mangroves in Mexico during the 2005-2015 period. We modified the Relative Integrated Anthropization Index (INRA in its Spanish acronym) method developed by Martínez-Dueñaz (Intrópica: 37-46, 2010) for its use in Mexico. The maps of the Mexican Mangrove Monitoring System of the National Commission for the Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity (SMMM CONABIO in its Spanish acronym) for the years 2005, 2010, and 2015 were classified into 10 land use categories and 21 subcategories. The relative anthropization values were obtained for subcategories and classes in the input maps through consultation with mangrove specialists and the results were integrated to calculate the INRA values in 500 m2 units. Our results showed an increase in the surface of most anthropic categories and a sustained increment of the mean INRA values at the national level.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Áreas Alagadas , Biodiversidade , México
14.
J Environ Manage ; 248: 109104, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319196

RESUMO

This paper describes the application of a comprehensive strategic approach for integrating Green Infrastructure (GI) in urban planning in Mexican communities along the U.S-Mexico border as a means to mitigate the environmental, economic, and social impacts of inadequate stormwater management. Population growth and extended urban footprints in the region's cities have decreased rainfall infiltration and significantly increased runoff, carrying sediments and other pollutants into binational watersheds thus contributing to the pollution of aquatic habitats and potable water sources. As a strategy to mitigate these impacts, the Border Environment Cooperation Commission (BECC) developed a four year initiative with the long-term goal to support communities in building resiliency through the use of GI in public spaces such as parks, sidewalks, medians, and parking lots as a way to adapt to climate change, improve urban image, and strengthen native ecosystems. The Border Green Infrastructure Initiative was organized around training, strengthening municipal codes, developing pilot projects, restoring native vegetation, and the participation of residents, local government, and the private sector. The investment over the entire period was approximately USD$800,000. Outcomes were noteworthy. Approximately 900 professionals received various types of capacity building. Five cities and four Mexican border states were active participants in the program. Six pilot projects were implemented, three of which could capture a total volume of 4691 m3 of water in one year. In two sites the annual sediment collected was 656 m3. Finally, six technical tools were developed to assist communities in analysis and implementation. This approach represents a paradigm shift from the conventional management of stormwater through gray infrastructure and is intended to influence public policy at the local level, in a replicable and scalable way, resulting in more livable cities, improved water quality, and stronger binational environmental health.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Meio Ambiente , Cidades , México , Política Pública
15.
J Environ Manage ; 248: 109260, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31330272

RESUMO

Strategies that integrate conservation and development objectives are increasingly common, albeit still controversial, at the global scale. There are information gaps regarding their overall reach and sustainability through an integral assessment approach. Therefore, the objectives of this study were: 1) to design a Methodological Framework of Sustainability Evaluation (MFSE) that could be applied to the assessment of conservation and development strategies; and 2) to apply this MFSE in an empirical exercise with management units for wildlife conservation (UMAs, by its Spanish acronym), a major environmental policy in Mexico. The UMAs confer legal rights to landowners for the exploitation of wildlife and protection of ecosystems. The MFSE had five hierarchical levels (three sustainability dimensions, general and specific criteria, indicators and metrics), which are grouped into a Sustainability Index (SI). Data was collected from official databases, structured interviews with official managers and landowners, and field observations in six UMAs in Tabasco, Mexico. According to the findings, the SI in the social dimension showed the highest values, followed by the environmental and economic dimensions. The key aspects for sustainability in the six UMAs are: 1) local governance norms, 2) active participation and interinstitutional linkage, 3) capacity for initial economic investment and long-term vision and 4) project liability and appropriation from their design. Free-ranging and intensive UMAs pose different objectives, since the former are focused on the management and conservation of ecosystems where the species of interest are found, while the latter are focused on species-based management, mostly those of economic interest. For this reason, they may require separate governmental appraisal as different management systems.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , Animais , Animais Selvagens , Biodiversidade , México
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(30): e16634, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348316

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dental caries is the most frequent oral disease worldwide and the main cause of tooth loss in children and young adults. One of the most frequently affected areas is the occlusal surfaces of the first permanent molars (FPM) due to their morphological complexity. At present, several preventive treatments can reduce the incidence of this disease in school populations. In Mexico, the most commonly used technologies are those derived from some presentation of fluoride; on the other hand, research on this topic has been limited. OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness of two different methods for preventing the incidence of caries on the FPM of schoolchildren (6-8 years of age) from public primary schools. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a randomized experimental design. Participants will be assigned to two treatment groups of 114 each. In the first group, pit and fissure sealants will be applied, whereas the second group will receive a fluoride varnish. The work will be carried out in schoolchildren that attend public elementary schools in the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. The result variable will be the incidence of caries and the total cost of each of the interventions will be calculated in order to calculate the intervention's cost-effectiveness. CONCLUSION: This work will allow us to compare the cost-effectiveness of the pit and fissure sealants and the fluoride varnish in order to determine which offers the best results.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Fluoretos Tópicos/uso terapêutico , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras/uso terapêutico , Criança , Análise Custo-Benefício , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Fluoretos Tópicos/administração & dosagem , Fluoretos Tópicos/economia , Humanos , Masculino , México , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras/economia , Projetos de Pesquisa
17.
J Med Microbiol ; 68(9): 1373-1382, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31329097

RESUMO

Introduction. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is dysbiosis associated with an increased risk of several sexually transmitted infections. It is primarily diagnosed via Gram staining, although molecular analyses have presented higher diagnostic accuracy.Aim. This study aimed to evaluate the molecular epidemiology of BV in asymptomatic women to determine its association with several commensal and pathogenic micro-organisms of the genitalia.Methodology. The prevalence of BV was investigated through semiquantitative assessment of 201 women recruited during their routine gynaecological inspection at an outpatient clinic in Tabasco, Mexico.Results. Women with BV showed an increased prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis (P=0.021) and Mycoplasma hominis (P=0.001). Of the BV-associated micro-organisms, Gardnerella vaginalis was significantly associated with C. trachomatis (P=0.005) and/or Ureaplasma parvum (P=0.003), whereas Atopobium vaginae and Megasphaera type 1 correlated significantly with Mycoplasma hominis (P=0.001). No significant association was observed between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and BV, although there was increased prevalence of HPV59, HPV73, HPV52 and HPV58 in women displaying cervical cytological abnormalities.Conclusion. Identification of BV-associated micro-organisms via molecular analysis may help to distinguish recurrent cases from new infections and identify micro-organisms potentially associated with pharmacological resistance.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Genitália Feminina/microbiologia , Epidemiologia Molecular , Vaginose Bacteriana/epidemiologia , Vaginose Bacteriana/microbiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Doenças Assintomáticas , Bactérias/genética , Feminino , Genitália Feminina/virologia , Humanos , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/classificação , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
18.
Arch Virol ; 164(10): 2617-2620, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31346768

RESUMO

The complete genome sequence of a trichovirus was obtained from peach samples collected from Mexico and found to be 7985 nucleotides long, excluding the poly(A) tail. Phylogenetic analysis using the complete nucleotide sequence revealed that the virus is a member of the genus Trichovirus and is closely related to peach mosaic virus (PcMV) and cherry mottle leaf virus (CMLV). The highest nucleotide sequence identity was 70% to both PcMV and CMLV, indicating that this virus, which we have tentatively named "peach virus M" (PeVM) should be considered a member of a new trichovirus species. We determined, for the first time, the initiation sites of the subgenomic RNAs (sgRNA) of a trichovirus. The sgRNAs for the movement and coat proteins started with the sequence 'GAA', while the smallest one, coding for the nucleotide-binding protein, started with the nucleotides 'GU'. In all cases, the sgRNAs leader ranged between 113 and 121 nt in length.


Assuntos
Flexiviridae/genética , Flexiviridae/isolamento & purificação , Filogenia , Prunus persica/virologia , Flexiviridae/classificação , México , RNA Viral/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico , Proteínas Virais/genética
19.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3161, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Português, Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340346

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to detect the risk of development of type 2 diabetes in nurses and its relationship with metabolic alterations. METHOD: cross-sectional study, with 155 nurses. The variables investigated were: sociodemographic, body mass index, waist circumference, waist-hip index, lipid profile, basal glycemia and oral glucose tolerance curve. The Finnish Diabetes Risk Score was used to collect data. RESULTS: 155 nurses were included, with an average age of 44 years and 85% were overweight or obese. 52% had a family history of diabetes and 21% had occasional hyperglycemia. With respect to the risk, 59% were identified with moderate and very high risk for type 2 diabetes. Glucose, insulin, glycosylated hemoglobin A1c and insulin resistance increased in parallel to the increased risk for type 2 diabetes, although lipids did not increase. 27% of the sample had impaired fasting glycemia. 15% had glucose intolerance and 5% had type 2 diabetes. CONCLUSION: there was a high detection rate of people at risk for type 2 diabetes (59%) and the high and very high risk score was associated with high levels of glycosylated hemoglobin A1c, glucose, insulin and insulin resistance, but not with lipids.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Sobrepeso/complicações , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperglicemia , Resistência à Insulina , México , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Estado Pré-Diabético/complicações , Estado Pré-Diabético/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e16291, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277162

RESUMO

Despite the worldwide increasing incidence and prevalence of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), our knowledge about it in Mexico is still limited. The aim of this study is to describe the incidence and prevalence of IBD as well as its clinical and socio-demographical characteristics in Mexico from a nation-wide perspective.Multicenter nation-wide cohort study that included 42 IBD clinics from all over the country that participated with electronically register of the new cases over 17 years as well as all known existing cases together with their clinical and socio-demographical characteristics from patients with IBD (ulcerative colitis [UC], Crohn disease [CD], and inflammatory bowel disease unclassified [IBDU]). The data collection was conducted between January and October 2017. Incidence, prevalence, and mean incidence over 2 decades were then calculated. Data base was analyzed using SPSS v24 program SPSS (version 24, IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA).A total of 2645 patients with IBD were registered. The crude incidence rates of IBD, UC, and CD, respectively, were 0.21, 0.16, and 0.04 cases per 100,000-person year. The highest incidence was registered in the year 2015, compared with to the previous years. The mean incidence of IBD has increased steadily from 0.05 to 0.21 per 100,000 person-years over the past 15 years (P = .06). The incidence of IBD new cases have increased significantly throughout the last 16 years, 5.9-fold for IBD, 5.3-fold for UC, and 9.5-fold for CD. The prevalence rates of IBD, UC, and CD, respectively, were 1.83, 1.45, and 0.34 cases per 100,000-person-year.This is the first study from a nation-wide perspective that demonstrated a significant increase of prevalence and incidence of IBD in Mexico in the last 15 years.


Assuntos
Previsões , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Vigilância da População , Adolescente , Adulto , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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