Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 307
Filtrar
1.
J Prev Med Public Health ; 53(3): 171-174, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498140

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has not only caused significant challenges for health systems all over the globe but also fueled the surge of numerous rumors, hoaxes, and misinformation, regarding the etiology, outcomes, prevention, and cure of the disease. Such spread of misinformation is masking healthy behaviors and promoting erroneous practices that increase the spread of the virus and ultimately result in poor physical and mental health outcomes among individuals. Myriad incidents of mishaps caused by these rumors have been reported globally. To address this issue, the frontline healthcare providers should be equipped with the most recent research findings and accurate information. The mass media, healthcare organization, community-based organizations, and other important stakeholders should build strategic partnerships and launch common platforms for disseminating authentic public health messages. Also, advanced technologies like natural language processing or data mining approaches should be applied in the detection and removal of online content with no scientific basis from all social media platforms. Furthermore, these practices should be controlled with regulatory and law enforcement measures alongside ensuring telemedicine-based services providing accurate information on COVID-19.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Mídias Sociais/normas , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Pandemias
2.
Chiropr Man Therap ; 28(1): 34, 2020 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32517803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social media has become an increasingly important tool in monitoring the onset and spread of infectious diseases globally as well monitoring the spread of information about those diseases. This includes the spread of misinformation, which has been documented within the context of the emerging COVID-19 crisis. Understanding the creation, spread and uptake of social media misinformation is of critical importance to public safety. In this descriptive study, we detail Twitter activity regarding spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) and claims it increases, or "boosts", immunity. Spinal manipulation is a common intervention used by many health professions, most commonly by chiropractors. There is no clinical evidence that SMT improves human immunity. METHODS: Social media searching software (Talkwalker Quick Search) was used to describe Twitter activity regarding SMT and improving or boosting immunity. Searches were performed for the 3 months and 12 months before March 31, 2020 using terms related to 1) SMT, 2) the professions that most often provide SMT and 3) immunity. From these searches, we determined the magnitude and time course of Twitter activity then coded this activity into content that promoted or refuted a SMT/immunity link. Content themes, high-influence users and user demographics were then stratified as either promoting or refuting this linkage. RESULTS: Twitter misinformation regarding a SMT/immunity link increased dramatically during the onset of the COVID crisis. Activity levels (number of tweets) and engagement scores (likes + retweets) were roughly equal between content promoting or refuting a SMT/immunity link, however, the potential reach (audience) of tweets refuting a SMT/immunity link was 3 times higher than those promoting a link. Users with the greatest influence on Twitter, as either promoters or refuters, were individuals, not institutions or organizations. The majority of tweets promoting a SMT/immunity link were generated in the USA while the majority of refuting tweets originated from Canada. CONCLUSION: Twitter activity about SMT and immunity increased during the COVID-19 crisis. Results from this work have the potential to help policy makers and others understand the impact of SMT misinformation and devise strategies to mitigate its impact.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Comunicação , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Imunidade/fisiologia , Manipulação da Coluna , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pandemias , Mídias Sociais/normas , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Monaldi Arch Chest Dis ; 90(2)2020 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498502

RESUMO

In this ongoing SARS-CoV2 Corona virus pandemic, we are witnessing an uninhibited spread of mis-information on various social media platforms. This spread of mis-information or "mis-infodemic" is playing a negative role in our fight against the virus with far reaching consequences. International organizations like the WHO and other governmental organizations have geared up to the occasion to limit the spread of these and bring clarity in this context. In this time of crisis, risk communication is vital in the communication between organizations/government and the people. But apart from the organizations, the onus is on the people and media to realise the importance and verify the authenticity of information being circulated. It is imperative that information, being a double edged sword, is handled with caution and effective communication strategies are devised for the dissemination of accurate and scientific health related information. Social media can be used in a constructive way in mitigating the effects of this pandemic for the betterment of the society.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Educação em Saúde/normas , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Mídias Sociais/normas , Comunicação , Humanos , Índia , Pandemias
4.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(7): 2049-2054, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447603

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVES: The current 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak is continuing to spread rapidly despite all efforts. Patients with rheumatic disease may have higher levels of anxiety due to their disease characteristics and medications. The web-based platforms are widely used sources for gaining medical information. YouTube presents a wide range of medical information, but there are concerns on its quality. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the quality of the YouTube videos about COVID-19 and rheumatic diseases link. METHOD: This is a descriptive study. A total of 360 videos listed by the YouTube search engine (www.youtube.com) in response to six search terms were evaluated. The Global Quality Scale (GQS) was performed to evaluate video quality. Three groups were formed according to GQS scores: high quality, moderate quality, and low quality. Video parameters were compared between these groups. RESULTS: After the exclusion criteria, 46 videos were reviewed. Of the videos, 41.4% (n = 19) were of high-quality group, 21.7% (n = 10) were moderate-quality group, and 36.9% (n = 17) were of low-quality group. Significant difference was detected between the quality groups in terms of views per day (p = 0.004). No significant difference was detected in comments per day (p = 0.139) and like ratio (p = 0.232). CONCLUSIONS: Besides high-quality videos, there were substantially low-quality videos that could cause misleading information to spread rapidly during the pandemic. Videos from trustworthy sources such as universities, academics, and physicians should be kept in the foreground.Key Points•Web-based platforms have become an important source of health-related information. One of the most important online sources is YouTube because it is easy accessible and free.•Of the videos evaluating the link between COVID-19 and rheumatic diseases, 41.4% (n = 19) were of high quality.•The main sources of high-quality videos were academics/universities and physicians.•The most frequently discussed topics in videos were the place of hydroxychloroquine in the treatment of COVID-19 and whether to continue the use of existing rheumatological drugs.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Infecções por Coronavirus , Informática Médica , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Mídias Sociais/normas , Gravação em Vídeo/normas , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Informática Médica/métodos , Informática Médica/normas , Informática Médica/tendências , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Doenças Reumáticas/psicologia
8.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228372, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027686

RESUMO

Social media is increasingly utilized as a resource in healthcare. We sought to identify perceptions of using social media as an educational tool among healthcare practitioners. An electronic survey was distributed to healthcare administrators, nurses, nurse practitioners, pharmacists, physicians, and physician assistants f hospital systems and affiliated health science schools in Georgia, Maryland, South Carolina, and Wisconsin. Survey questions evaluated respondents' use and views of social media for educational purposes and workplace accessibility using a Likert scale (1 = strongly disagree, 5 = strongly agree). Nurses (75%), pharmacists (11%), and administrators (7%) were the most frequent respondents. Facebook® (27%), Pinterest® (17%), and Instagram® (17%) were the most frequently accessed social media platforms. Nearly 85% agreed or strongly agreed that social media can be an effective tool for educational purposes. Among those who had social media platforms, 43.0% use them for educational purposes. Pinterest® (30%), Facebook® (22%), LinkedIn® (16%), and Twitter® (14%) were most frequently used for education. About 50% of respondents had limited or no access to social media at work. Administrators, those with unlimited and limited work access, and respondents aged 20-29 and 30-39 years were more likely to agree that social media is an educational tool (OR: 3.41 (95% CI 1.31 to 8.84), 4.18 (95% CI 2.30 to 7.60), 1.66 (95% CI 1.22 to 2.25), 4.40 (95% CI 2.80 to 6.92), 2.14 (95% CI 1.53 to 3.01) respectively). Residents, physicians, and those with unlimited access were less likely to agree with allowing social media access at work for educational purposes only. Healthcare practitioners frequently utilize social media, and many believe it can be an effective educational tool in healthcare.


Assuntos
Educação Continuada/métodos , Pessoal de Saúde , Percepção , Mídias Sociais , Adulto , Feminino , Georgia/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Internato e Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Maryland/epidemiologia , Profissionais de Enfermagem/educação , Profissionais de Enfermagem/psicologia , Profissionais de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Farmacêuticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistentes Médicos/educação , Assistentes Médicos/psicologia , Assistentes Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicos/psicologia , Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Mídias Sociais/normas , South Carolina/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Wisconsin/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Curr Urol Rep ; 20(11): 72, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31620926

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There has been a remarkable change in how people connect, access, and share professional and medical information over social media. This perspective article describes opportunities, potential pitfalls, and guidelines for social media use by pediatric urology providers. RECENT FINDINGS: Pediatric urologists have effectively used social media to connect and share expertise, augment scientific conference participation, promote themselves and their research, disseminate guidelines and best practices, participate in virtual journal clubs, and engage with patients and their families. Information shared over social media is not protected by copyright law, not confidential, not regulated, permanent, and subjected to public domain and scrutiny. Despite these potential pitfalls, social media is a useful tool if best practices are observed and online communication adheres to professional guidelines and organizational policy. Social media use in healthcare is here to stay and pediatric urologists have online visibility whether or not they choose to actively participate. Despite new legal, ethical, and professional considerations that social media introduces, a well-executed social media presence provides pediatric urologists a wealth of new opportunities for networking, research, and disseminating high-quality medical information online.


Assuntos
Relações Interprofissionais , Pediatria , Mídias Sociais , Urologia , Congressos como Assunto , Assistência à Saúde , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , Marketing de Serviços de Saúde , Redes Sociais Online , Relações Médico-Paciente , Profissionalismo , Mídias Sociais/normas
13.
Arch Sex Behav ; 48(8): 2345-2355, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506866

RESUMO

Adolescent sexual minority males (ASMM; < 18 years old) do not typically receive sexual education that addresses male-male relationships from traditional sources (i.e., school, parents). Therefore, many rely on sexually explicit online media (SEOM; i.e., pornography) to find sexual health information. The current study describes SEOM use by ASMM in the U.S. and examined the association between exposure to condomless anal sex (CAS) in SEOM and engagement in CAS. In 2017, ASMM (N = 206; M age = 16, range: 14-17; 51% racial/ethnic minorities) from across the U.S. completed an online sexual health survey, including questions about SEOM use and sexual behaviors. Most (86%) reported that they had viewed SEOM. Engagement with SEOM was frequent (86% reported viewing ≥ one time per week) and lengthy (70% reported viewing for ≥ 15 min per session). Youth perceived that SEOM influenced how they, and other ASMM, think and behave sexually. Further, exposure to risky sexual behavior in SEOM appeared to be associated with youths' dyadic sexual behavior. To support the healthy sexual development of ASMM, it is important to acknowledge the near-universal use of SEOM by ASMM, to identify ways to maximize its potential value, and to minimize potential harms.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade Masculina/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Mídias Sociais/normas , Adolescente , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
14.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 65(3): 272-287, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477000

RESUMO

Development of an evaluation system for online self-help groups by using the example of German-speaking cancer forums Objectives: This paper pursues the question how the quality of forums can be evaluated. Therefor a grading system was designed and 23 German-speaking cancer forums were evaluated by content and formal criteria Methods: Using a keyword-based internet search, 23 forums were identified. Data was gathered about: number of themes, posts and members, structure, key subjects and type of financing. Furthermore, an evaluation system was developed, with which the forums where assessed. Results: The forums were divided in forums with (n = 10) and without (n = 9) focus on a type of cancer. Four are health portals with forum-function. The quality of online cancer forums is heterogeneous, the evaluation resulted an average quality index of 2.7 for the total cancer forums Conclusion: A good information editing, moderation, data protection and transparency are important quality criteria. The evaluation of forums may help the patients, to autonomously value the quality of the presented information.


Assuntos
Internet , Idioma , Neoplasias , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/métodos , Grupos de Autoajuda/normas , Mídias Sociais/normas , Alemanha , Humanos
15.
J Med Internet Res ; 21(8): e14077, 2019 08 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke is the worldwide leading cause of long-term disabilities. Women experience more activity limitations, worse health-related quality of life, and more poststroke depression than men. Twitter is increasingly used by individuals to broadcast their day-to-day happenings, providing unobtrusive access to samples of spontaneously expressed opinions on all types of topics and emotions. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to consider the raw frequencies of words in the collection of tweets posted by a sample of stroke survivors and to compare the posts by gender of the survivor for 8 basic emotions (anger, fear, anticipation, surprise, joy, sadness, trust and disgust); determine the proportion of each emotion in the collection of tweets and statistically compare each of them by gender of the survivor; extract the main topics (represented as sets of words) that occur in the collection of tweets, relative to each gender; and assign happiness scores to tweets and topics (using a well-established tool) and compare them by gender of the survivor. METHODS: We performed sentiment analysis based on a state-of-the-art lexicon (National Research Council) with syuzhet R package. The emotion scores for men and women were first subjected to an F-test and then to a Wilcoxon rank sum test. We extended the emotional analysis, assigning happiness scores with the hedonometer (a tool specifically designed considering Twitter inputs). We calculated daily happiness average scores for all tweets. We created a term map for an exploratory clustering analysis using VosViewer software. We performed structural topic modelling with stm R package, allowing us to identify main topics by gender. We assigned happiness scores to all the words defining the main identified topics and compared them by gender. RESULTS: We analyzed 800,424 tweets posted from August 1, 2007 to December 1, 2018, by 479 stroke survivors: Women (n=244) posted 396,898 tweets, and men (n=235) posted 403,526 tweets. The stroke survivor condition and gender as well as membership in at least 3 stroke-specific Twitter lists of active users were manually verified for all 479 participants. Their total number of tweets since 2007 was 5,257,433; therefore, we analyzed the most recent 15.2% of all their tweets. Positive emotions (anticipation, trust, and joy) were significantly higher (P<.001) in women, while negative emotions (disgust, fear, and sadness) were significantly higher (P<.001) in men in the analysis of raw frequencies and proportion of emotions. Happiness mean scores throughout the considered period show higher levels of happiness in women. We calculated the top 20 topics (with percentages and CIs) more likely addressed by gender and found that women's topics show higher levels of happiness scores. CONCLUSIONS: We applied two different approaches-the Plutchik model and hedonometer tool-to a sample of stroke survivors' tweets. We conclude that women express positive emotions and happiness much more than men.


Assuntos
Mídias Sociais/normas , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Algoritmos , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Felicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Sobreviventes
16.
Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract ; 22(3): 387-396, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395321

RESUMO

Technology plays a vital role in herpetoculture because ectothermic animals rely on their environment to carry out basic physiologic functions. Controlling the environment appropriately ensures the health and welfare of captive reptiles and amphibians. This article summarizes some of the technological advances and products currently available, including lighting, climate control, and recordkeeping.


Assuntos
Anfíbios/fisiologia , Répteis/fisiologia , Medicina Veterinária/tendências , Animais , Umidade , Raios Infravermelhos , Luz , Iluminação , Registros/normas , Registros/veterinária , Mídias Sociais/normas , Mídias Sociais/tendências , Temperatura , Raios Ultravioleta , Medicina Veterinária/métodos , Qualidade da Água/normas
17.
Nature ; 573(7773): 261-265, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435010

RESUMO

Online hate and extremist narratives have been linked to abhorrent real-world events, including a current surge in hate crimes1-6 and an alarming increase in youth suicides that result from social media vitriol7; inciting mass shootings such as the 2019 attack in Christchurch, stabbings and bombings8-11; recruitment of extremists12-16, including entrapment and sex-trafficking of girls as fighter brides17; threats against public figures, including the 2019 verbal attack against an anti-Brexit politician, and hybrid (racist-anti-women-anti-immigrant) hate threats against a US member of the British royal family18; and renewed anti-western hate in the 2019 post-ISIS landscape associated with support for Osama Bin Laden's son and Al Qaeda. Social media platforms seem to be losing the battle against online hate19,20 and urgently need new insights. Here we show that the key to understanding the resilience of online hate lies in its global network-of-network dynamics. Interconnected hate clusters form global 'hate highways' that-assisted by collective online adaptations-cross social media platforms, sometimes using 'back doors' even after being banned, as well as jumping between countries, continents and languages. Our mathematical model predicts that policing within a single platform (such as Facebook) can make matters worse, and will eventually generate global 'dark pools' in which online hate will flourish. We observe the current hate network rapidly rewiring and self-repairing at the micro level when attacked, in a way that mimics the formation of covalent bonds in chemistry. This understanding enables us to propose a policy matrix that can help to defeat online hate, classified by the preferred (or legally allowed) granularity of the intervention and top-down versus bottom-up nature. We provide quantitative assessments for the effects of each intervention. This policy matrix also offers a tool for tackling a broader class of illicit online behaviours21,22 such as financial fraud.


Assuntos
Ódio , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Global , Humanos , Mídias Sociais/normas , Mídias Sociais/tendências
18.
J Med Internet Res ; 21(7): e12980, 2019 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364607

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been a proliferation of third-party Web-based services available to consumers to interpret raw DNA from direct-to-consumer genetic testing companies. Little is known about who uses these services and the downstream health implications. Identifying this hard-to-reach population of consumers for research raised questions about the most effective recruitment methods to undertake. Past studies have found that Web-based social media survey distribution can be cost-effective for targeting hard-to-reach populations, yet comparative efficacy information across platforms is limited. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the most effective Web-based strategies to identify and recruit the target population of direct-to-consumer genetic testing users who also made use of third-party interpretation services to analyze their raw genetic data. Web-based survey recruitment methods varying by social media platform and advertising method were compared in terms of cost-effectiveness and demographics of survey respondents. METHODS: A total of 5 Web-based survey distribution conditions were examined: 4 paid advertising services and 1 unpaid service. For the paid services, a 2x2 quasi-experimental design compared social media platforms (Facebook vs Twitter) and advertising tracking metrics (by click vs by conversion). The fifth unpaid comparison method consisted of study postings on the social media platform, Reddit, without any paid advertising. Links to identical Web-based versions of the study questionnaire were posted for 10 to 14 days for each of the distribution conditions, which allowed tracking the number of respondents that entered and completed the questionnaire by distribution condition. RESULTS: In total, 438 individuals were recruited to the study through all conditions. A nearly equivalent number of participants were recruited from paid campaigns on Facebook (n=159) and Twitter (n=167), with a smaller sample recruited on Reddit (n=112). Significantly more participants were recruited through conversion-tracking (n=222) than through click-tracking campaigns (n=104; Z=6.5, P<.001). Response rates were found to be partially driven by organic sharing of recruitment materials among social media users. Conversion tracking was more cost-effective than click tracking across paid social media platforms. Significant differences in terms of gender and age distributions were noted between the platforms and between the tracking metrics. CONCLUSIONS: Web-based recruitment methods were effective at recruiting participants from a hard-to-reach population in a short time frame. There were significant differences in the effectiveness of various paid advertising techniques. Recruitment through Web-based communities also appeared to perform adequately, yet it may be limited by the number of users accessible in open community groups. Future research should evaluate the impact of organic sharing of recruitment materials because this appeared to play a substantial role in the observed effectiveness of different methods.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Internet/normas , Mídias Sociais/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Algoritmos , Comportamento do Consumidor , Coleta de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Med Internet Res ; 21(8): e13003, 2019 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31392963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disease occurring mostly in women of childbearing age. Pregnant women with MS are usually excluded from clinical trials; as users of the internet, however, they are actively engaged in threads and forums on social media. Social media provides the potential to explore real-world patient experiences and concerns about the use of medicinal products during pregnancy and breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the content of posts concerning pregnancy and use of medicines in online forums; thus, the study aimed to gain a thorough understanding of patients' experiences with MS medication. METHODS: Using the names of medicinal products as search terms, we collected posts from 21 publicly available pregnancy forums, which were accessed between March 2015 and March 2018. After the identification of relevant posts, we analyzed the content of each post using a content analysis technique and categorized the main topics that users discussed most frequently. RESULTS: We identified 6 main topics in 70 social media posts. These topics were as follows: (1) expressing personal experiences with MS medication use during the reproductive period (55/70, 80%), (2) seeking and sharing advice about the use of medicines (52/70, 74%), (3) progression of MS during and after pregnancy (35/70, 50%), (4) discussing concerns about MS medications during the reproductive period (35/70, 50%), (5) querying the possibility of breastfeeding while taking MS medications (30/70, 42%), and (6) commenting on communications with physicians (26/70, 37%). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, many pregnant women or women considering pregnancy shared profound uncertainties and specific concerns about taking medicines during the reproductive period. There is a significant need to provide advice and guidance to MS patients concerning the use of medicines in pregnancy and postpartum as well as during breastfeeding. Advice must be tailored to the circumstances of each patient and, of course, to the individual medicine. Information must be provided by a trusted source with relevant expertise and made publicly available.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno/métodos , Aprendizado de Máquina/normas , Esclerose Múltipla/tratamento farmacológico , Mídias Sociais/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Medição de Risco
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA