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1.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(9): 2195-2211, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32698686

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To delineate temporal and spatial dynamics of vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) transcriptomic changes during aortic aneurysm development in Marfan syndrome (MFS). Approach and Results: We performed single-cell RNA sequencing to study aortic root/ascending aneurysm tissue from Fbn1C1041G/+ (MFS) mice and healthy controls, identifying all aortic cell types. A distinct cluster of transcriptomically modulated SMCs (modSMCs) was identified in adult Fbn1C1041G/+ mouse aortic aneurysm tissue only. Comparison with atherosclerotic aortic data (ApoE-/- mice) revealed similar patterns of SMC modulation but identified an MFS-specific gene signature, including plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (Serpine1) and Kruppel-like factor 4 (Klf4). We identified 481 differentially expressed genes between modSMC and SMC subsets; functional annotation highlighted extracellular matrix modulation, collagen synthesis, adhesion, and proliferation. Pseudotime trajectory analysis of Fbn1C1041G/+ SMC/modSMC transcriptomes identified genes activated differentially throughout the course of phenotype modulation. While modSMCs were not present in young Fbn1C1041G/+ mouse aortas despite small aortic aneurysm, multiple early modSMCs marker genes were enriched, suggesting activation of phenotype modulation. modSMCs were not found in nondilated adult Fbn1C1041G/+ descending thoracic aortas. Single-cell RNA sequencing from human MFS aortic root aneurysm tissue confirmed analogous SMC modulation in clinical disease. Enhanced expression of TGF-ß (transforming growth factor beta)-responsive genes correlated with SMC modulation in mouse and human data sets. CONCLUSIONS: Dynamic SMC phenotype modulation promotes extracellular matrix substrate modulation and aortic aneurysm progression in MFS. We characterize the disease-specific signature of modSMCs and provide temporal, transcriptomic context to the current understanding of the role TGF-ß plays in MFS aortopathy. Collectively, single-cell RNA sequencing implicates TGF-ß signaling and Klf4 overexpression as potential upstream drivers of SMC modulation.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Aórtico/genética , Fibrilina-1/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Síndrome de Marfan/complicações , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Análise de Célula Única , Transcriptoma , Animais , Aorta/metabolismo , Aorta/patologia , Aneurisma Aórtico/metabolismo , Aneurisma Aórtico/patologia , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Matriz Extracelular/genética , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/patologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Masculino , Síndrome de Marfan/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Mutação , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Fenótipo , RNA-Seq , Fatores de Tempo , Remodelação Vascular/genética
2.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2020: 6758934, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32565910

RESUMO

Background: Atherosclerosis (AS) is a common severe disease around the world. The merging paper reported that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) took part in diversified pathological processes of AS, although the mechanism remains unknown. This study is aimed at uncovering the profile of lncRNA taurine-upregulated gene 1 (TUG1), which has biological function, and potential mechanism in AS progression in vitro. Methods: Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) was used for AS model construction in vitro. Levels of lncRNA TUG1, miR-141-3p, and receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 (ROR2) were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in AS tissues or in ox-LDL-treated vascular smooth muscle cells (HA-VSMCs). The biofunctional effects were examined by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and transwell assays. The expression of proliferation-related proteins (CyclinD1, Ki-67) and metastasis-associated proteins (ß-catenin, Vimentin) and ROR2 in cells was determined by western blot analysis. The potential binding sites were predicted by starBase software online and confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter analysis. Results: The expression of TUG1 and ROR2 was promoted in AS tissues and ox-LDL-treated HA-VSMCs. While the low expression of miR-141-3p negatively correlated with that of TUG1 or ROR2 in AS tissues. Silencing of TUG1 inhibited the proliferation, migration, invasion, and metastasis in ox-LDL-treated HA-VSMCs. Moreover, the putative binding sites between miR-141-3p and TUG1 or ROR2 were predicted by starBase software online. Also, miR-141-3p deletion reversed the positive effects of TUG1 knockdown on cells. Besides, downregulation of miR-141-3p disrupted the biofunctional results from ROR2 silencing. Conclusion: TUG1 enhanced the progression of AS in vitro by regulating the miR-141-3p/ROR2 axis.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Lipoproteínas LDL/toxicidade , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Receptores Órfãos Semelhantes a Receptor Tirosina Quinase/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Placa Aterosclerótica , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Receptores Órfãos Semelhantes a Receptor Tirosina Quinase/genética , Transdução de Sinais
3.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(8): 1870-1890, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493169

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Neointima formation is a primary cause of intermediate to late vein graft (VG) failure. However, the precise source of neointima cells in VGs remains unclear. Approach and Results: Herein we clarify the relative contributions of mature vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and endothelial cells (ECs) to neointima formation in a mouse model of VG remodeling via the genetic-inducible fate mapping approaches. Regardless of the magnitude of neointima formation, the recipient arterial and the donor venous SMCs contributed ≈55% of the neointima cells at the anastomotic regions, whereas only donor venous SMCs donated ≈68% of the neointima cells at the middle bodies. A small portion of the SMC-derived cells became non-SMC cells, most likely vascular stem cells, and constituted 2% to 11% of the cells in each major layer of VGs. In addition, the recipient arterial ECs were the major cellular source of re-endothelialization but did not contribute to neointima formation. The donor venous ECs donated ≈17% neointima cells in the VGs with mild neointima formation and conditional media from ECs after endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition suppressed vascular SMC dedifferentiation. CONCLUSIONS: The recipient arterial and donor venous mature SMCs dominate but contribute distinctly to intimal hyperplasia at the anastomosis and the middle body regions of VGs. The recipient arterial ECs are the major cellular source of re-endothelialization but do not donate neointima formation in VGs. Only the donor venous ECs undergo endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition is marginal for generating neointima cells but is likely required for controlling the quality of VG remodeling.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais/patologia , Veias Jugulares/transplante , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Neointima/patologia , Animais , Hiperplasia , Mesoderma/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Remodelação Vascular
4.
Transl Res ; 224: 40-54, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522668

RESUMO

The modulation of voltage-gated K+ (Kv) channels, involved in cell proliferation, arises as a potential therapeutic approach for the prevention of intimal hyperplasia present in in-stent restenosis (ISR) and allograft vasculopathy (AV). We studied the effect of PAP-1, a selective blocker of Kv1.3 channels, on development of intimal hyperplasia in vitro and in vivo in 2 porcine models of vascular injury. In vitro phenotypic modulation of VSMCs was associated to an increased functional expression of Kv1.3 channels, and only selective Kv1.3 channel blockers were able to inhibit porcine VSMC proliferation. The therapeutic potential of PAP-1 was then evaluated in vivo in swine models of ISR and AV. At 15-days follow-up, morphometric analysis demonstrated a substantial reduction of luminal stenosis in the allografts treated with PAP-1 (autograft 2.72 ± 1.79 vs allograft 10.32 ± 1.92 vs allograft + polymer 13.54 ± 8.59 vs allograft + polymer + PAP-1 3.06 ± 1.08 % of luminal stenosis; P = 0.006) in the swine model of femoral artery transplant. In the pig model of coronary ISR, using a prototype of PAP-1-eluting stent, no differences were observed regarding % of stenosis compared to control stents (31 ± 13 % vs 37 ± 18%, respectively; P = 0.372) at 28-days follow-up. PAP-1 treatment was safe and did not impair vascular healing in terms of delayed endothelialization, inflammation or thrombosis. However, an incomplete release of PAP-1 from stents was documented. We conclude that the use of selective Kv1.3 blockers represents a promising therapeutic approach for the prevention of intimal hyperplasia in AV, although further studies to improve their delivery method are needed to elucidate its potential in ISR.


Assuntos
Canal de Potássio Kv1.3/antagonistas & inibidores , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Potássio/farmacologia , Túnica Íntima/patologia , Aloenxertos/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Reestenose Coronária/patologia , Vasos Coronários/efeitos dos fármacos , Vasos Coronários/lesões , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Artéria Femoral/patologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Hiperplasia , Canal de Potássio Kv1.3/genética , Canal de Potássio Kv1.3/metabolismo , Canal de Potássio Kv1.5/genética , Canal de Potássio Kv1.5/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Stents , Suínos , Túnica Íntima/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Life Sci ; 256: 117882, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497633

RESUMO

AIMS: Angiotensin II (Ang II) induces aortic dissection (AD) via regulation of pathological changes in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). However, the molecular mechanisms involved are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential role of the proto-oncogene non-receptor cellular Abelson tyrosine kinase (c-Abl) in Ang II-induced VSMC phenotypic transformation and apoptosis. MAIN METHODS: Lentiviral transfection and short hairpin RNA (shRNA) were used to enhance or inhibit c-Abl in cultured VSMCs. In addition, C57BL/6 and Abl1 gene knockout heterozygous (c-Abl-/+) mice were infused with Ang II, with or without c-Abl inhibitor (STI571) treatment. The incidence of AD was evaluated in vivo, while the molecular and pathological features of VSMC phenotypic transformation and apoptosis were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. KEY FINDINGS: Ang II infusion induced a substantial incidence of AD in vivo (27%; 8/30), while STI571 intragastric gavage or Abl1 knockout reduced the incidence of AD to 13% (4/30) and 7% (2/30), respectively. The results of subsequent studies showed that c-Abl overexpression enhanced the Ang II-induced apoptosis and synthetic phenotypic transformation of VSMCs in vitro, while inhibition of c-Abl activity with STI571 or Abl1 gene knockout significantly attenuated the Ang II-induced apoptosis and synthetic phenotypic transformation of VSMCs both in vivo and in vitro. SIGNIFICANCE: Activation of c-Abl may be important for the phenotypic transformation and apoptosis of VSMCs underlying the Ang II-induced AD. Targeted inhibition of c-Abl may prevent Ang II-induced AD via attenuation of the pathological changes of VSMCs.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/patologia , Apoptose/genética , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-abl/genética , Aneurisma Dissecante/genética , Angiotensina II/toxicidade , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Músculo Liso Vascular/citologia , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Fenótipo
6.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(7): e214-e226, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493171

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mitochondria consistently change their morphology in a process regulated by proteins, including Drp1 (dynamin-related protein 1), a protein promoting mitochondrial fission. Drp1 is involved in the mechanisms underlying various cardiovascular diseases, such as myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury, heart failure, and pulmonary arterial hypertension. However, its role in macrophages, which promote various vascular diseases, is poorly understood. We therefore tested our hypothesis that macrophage Drp1 promotes vascular remodeling after injury. METHOD AND RESULTS: To explore the selective role of macrophage Drp1, we created macrophage-selective Drp1-deficient mice and performed femoral arterial wire injury. In these mice, intimal thickening and negative remodeling were attenuated at 4 weeks after injury when compared with control mice. Deletion of macrophage Drp1 also attenuated the macrophage accumulation and cell proliferation in the injured arteries. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments using cultured macrophages indicated that Drp1 induces the expression of molecules associated with inflammatory macrophages. Morphologically, mitochondrial fission was induced in inflammatory macrophages, whereas mitochondrial fusion was induced in less inflammatory/reparative macrophages. Pharmacological inhibition or knockdown of Drp1 decreased the mitochondrial reactive oxygen species and chemotactic activity in cultured macrophages. Co-culture experiments of macrophages with vascular smooth muscle cells indicated that deletion of macrophage Drp1 suppresses growth and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells induced by macrophage-derived soluble factors. CONCLUSIONS: Macrophage Drp1 accelerates intimal thickening after vascular injury by promoting macrophage-mediated inflammation. Macrophage Drp1 may be a potential therapeutic target of vascular diseases.


Assuntos
Dinaminas/metabolismo , Artéria Femoral/metabolismo , Macrófagos Peritoneais/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Neointima , Remodelação Vascular , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/metabolismo , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Quimiotaxia , Técnicas de Cocultura , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Dinaminas/deficiência , Dinaminas/genética , Artéria Femoral/lesões , Artéria Femoral/patologia , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Ativação de Macrófagos , Macrófagos Peritoneais/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Dinâmica Mitocondrial , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Músculo Liso Vascular/fisiopatologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Tempo , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/genética , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/patologia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/fisiopatologia
7.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(7): 1763-1776, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493168

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Vascular calcification is a pathology characterized by arterial mineralization, which is a common late-term complication of atherosclerosis that independently increases the risk of adverse cardiovascular events by fourfold. A major source of calcifying cells is transdifferentiating vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Previous studies showed that deletion of the collagen-binding receptor, DDR1 (discoidin domain receptor-1), attenuated VSMC calcification. Increased matrix stiffness drives osteogenesis, and DDR1 has been implicated in stiffness sensing in other cell types; however, the role of DDR1 as a mechanosensor in VSMCs has not been investigated. Here, we test the hypothesis that DDR1 senses increased matrix stiffness and promotes VSMC transdifferentiation and calcification. Approach and Results: Primary VSMCs isolated from Ddr1+/+ (wild-type) and Ddr1-/- (knockout) mice were studied on collagen-I-coated silicon substrates of varying stiffness, culturing in normal or calcifying medium. DDR1 expression and phosphorylation increased with increasing stiffness, as did in vitro calcification, nuclear localization of Runx2 (Runt-related transcription factor 2), and expression of other osteochondrocytic markers. By contrast, DDR1 deficient VSMCs were not responsive to stiffness and did not undergo transdifferentiation. DDR1 regulated stress fiber formation and RhoA (ras homolog family member A) activation through the RhoGEF (rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor), Vav2. Inhibition of actomyosin contractility reduced Runx2 activation and attenuated in vitro calcification in wild-type VSMCs. Finally, a novel positive feedforward loop was uncovered between DDR1 and actomyosin contractility, important in regulating DDR1 expression, clustering, and activation. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides mechanistic insights into DDR1 mechanosignaling and shows that DDR1 activity and actomyosin contractility are interdependent in mediating stiffness-dependent increases in VSMC calcification.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/enzimologia , Transdiferenciação Celular , Receptor com Domínio Discoidina 1/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/enzimologia , Músculo Liso Vascular/enzimologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/enzimologia , Osteogênese , Calcificação Vascular/enzimologia , Proteína rhoA de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Actomiosina/metabolismo , Animais , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/patologia , Células Cultivadas , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Receptor com Domínio Discoidina 1/deficiência , Receptor com Domínio Discoidina 1/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Matriz Extracelular/patologia , Mecanotransdução Celular , Camundongos Knockout , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Fosforilação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-vav/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-vav/metabolismo , Calcificação Vascular/genética , Calcificação Vascular/patologia
8.
Cardiovasc Pathol ; 49: 107230, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32585603

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Restenosis is the main complication after percutaneous coronary intervention. The proliferation of new intima contributes to the process. In this study, we aimed to explore the effect of olmesartan on intimal thickening after balloon injury and possible mechanism. METHODS: Aortic endothelial denudation model was made by a 2F balloon catheter. Thirty-six rats were randomly allocated into three groups: Control (n = 12) Surgery (n = 12, received vascular balloon injury) and Olmesartan (n = 12, received 3 mg.kg-1.d-1olmesartan after injury). Fourteen and 28 days after injury, HE staining was used to assess the aortic endothelial injury. Radioimmunological method was used to examine the level of angiotensin II (Ang II). Western blotting and reverse transcription polymerse chain reaction (RT-PCR) were employed to detect the protein and mRNA level of Apelin/APJ. RESULTS: After vascular balloon injury, the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells and the intimal thickening were increased. The mRNA and protein level of Ang II, AT1, Apelin and APJ mRNA were promoted by vascular balloon injury. Olmesartan decreased the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells and the intimal thickening. Olmesartan decreased the expression of Ang II and AT1, but further increased the expression of Apelin and APJ. Balloon injury also induced the activation of Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling and olmesartan decreased the effect. CONCLUSION: Olmesartan inhibits the intimal thickening through activating Apelin/APJ and inhibiting AngII-AT1 and ERK pathway.


Assuntos
Bloqueadores do Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina II/farmacologia , Receptores de Apelina/metabolismo , Apelina/metabolismo , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Músculo Liso Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Neointima , Tetrazóis/farmacologia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/tratamento farmacológico , Angioplastia com Balão , Angiotensina II/metabolismo , Animais , Aorta/efeitos dos fármacos , Aorta/lesões , Aorta/metabolismo , Aorta/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Constrição Patológica , Modelos Animais de Doenças , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Masculino , Músculo Liso Vascular/lesões , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Fosforilação , Ratos Wistar , Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/metabolismo , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/patologia
9.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 319(2): H377-H391, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32559140

RESUMO

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a fatal progressive disease characterized by an increased blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries. RhoA/Rho-kinase (RhoA/ROCK) signaling activation is often associated with PAH. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role and mechanisms of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) smooth muscle-induced lncRNA (SMILR) to activate the RhoA/ROCK pathway in PAH. SMILR, microRNA-141 (miR-141), and RhoA were identified by qRT-PCR in PAH patients' serum. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazolyl-2)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), wound-healing assay, cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, and flow cytometry were performed to determine cell viability, migration, proliferation, and cell cycle in human pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (hPASMCs) and primary PASMCs from PAH patients. We also performed bioinformatical prediction, luciferase reporter assay, and RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP) to assess the interaction among SMILR, miR-141, and RhoA. The RhoA/ROCK pathway and proliferation-related proteins were measured by Western blotting. Finally, we introduced the small hairpin (sh)SMILR to monocrotaline-induced PAH rat model and used the hemodynamic measurement, qRT-PCR, and immunohistochemistry to examine the therapeutic effects of shSMILR. SMILR and RhoA expression were upregulated, while miR-141 expression was downregulated in PAH patients. SMILR directly interacted with miR-141 and negatively regulated its expression. Knockdown of SMILR suppressed PASMC proliferation and migration induced by hypoxia. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-141 could inhibit the RhoA/ROCK pathway by binding to RhoA, thereby repressing cell proliferation-related signals. Knockdown of SMILR significantly inhibited the Rho/ROCK activation and vascular remodeling in monocrotaline-induced rats. Knockdown of SMILR effectively elevated miR-141 expression and in turn inhibited the RhoA/ROCK pathway to regulate vascular remodeling and reduce blood pressure in PAH.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Smooth muscle enriched long noncoding RNA (SMILR), as a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), was increased in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) patients and in vitro and in vivo models. SMILR activated RhoA/ROCK signaling by targeting miR-141 to disinhibit its downstream target RhoA. SMILR knockdown or miR-141 overexpression inhibited hypoxia-induced cell proliferation and migration via repressing RhoA/ROCK signaling in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs), which was confirmed in vivo experiments that knockdown of SMILR inhibited vascular remodeling and alleviated PAH in rats. SMILR may be a promising and novel therapeutic target for the treatment and drug development of PAH.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/enzimologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/enzimologia , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/enzimologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Remodelação Vascular , Quinases Associadas a rho/metabolismo , Proteína rhoA de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Animais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Músculo Liso Vascular/fisiopatologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/genética , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/patologia , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Artéria Pulmonar/enzimologia , Artéria Pulmonar/patologia , Artéria Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Proteína rhoA de Ligação ao GTP/genética
10.
Clin Interv Aging ; 15: 537-545, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32368020

RESUMO

Aim: To contribute to the knowledge about the mechanisms involved in aortic stiffness due to ageing. Materials and Methods: Aortic rings from young (1.5±0.5 months, 0.8±0.2 kg), adult (6±0.5 months, 2.7±0.5 kg) and old (28±8 months, 3.2±0.8 kg) male New Zealand rabbits were used to evaluate: 1) intima-media thickness by optical microscopy; 2) vascular reactivity (VR) in terms of sensitivity (pD2) and efficacy (Emax) to KCl; phenylephrine (PE); U-46619, a thromboxane A2 receptor agonist, TXA2; carbachol (CCh), isoproterenol and sodium nitroprusside (SNP), using organ bath experiments; and 3) the expression of receptors α1, ß2 and thromboxane-prostanoids (TP), by immunofluorescence. Results: Ageing 1) did not change the thickness of tunica; 2) significantly reduced the pD2 to KCl, increased the pD2 to PE and reduced both the pD2 and Emax to TXA2, CCh and isoproterenol, and reduced the pD2 to SNP; and 3) significantly increased the expression of α1 and ß2 receptors in the intima and adventitia, and the expression of TP only in the adventitia. Conclusion: Our results suggest that ageing makes the aorta more reactive to α1 adrenergic contraction, and it could be a compensation for lower responsiveness to prostanoids. The aged aorta is less reactive to endothelium-dependent and non-dependent relaxation, and the vessel seems to try to compensate for that stiffness increasing ß2 receptors, although probably less functional. These results complement the proposed mechanisms of elastocalcinosis and smooth muscle rigidity, expanding the vision that should guide the treatment of aortic stiffness due to aging.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/patologia , Aorta/patologia , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Animais , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Masculino , Contração Muscular/fisiologia , Fenilefrina/metabolismo , Coelhos
11.
J Vasc Res ; 57(4): 236-244, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434199

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Interleukin (IL)-32 is a pro-inflammatory cytokine not previously studied in relation to abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). The aim of this study was to elucidate the expression and localization of IL-32 in AAA. METHODS: Expression and localization of IL-32 in human aortic tissue was studied with immunohistochemical analysis and Western blot (AAA: n = 5; controls: n = 4). ELISA was used to measure IL-32 in human plasma samples (AAA: n = 140; controls: n = 37) and in media from cultured peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 3 healthy donors. IL-32 mRNA in PBMCs, endothelial cells, aortic smooth muscle cells (SMCs), and aortic tissue samples of AAA (n = 16) and control aortas (n = 9) was measured with qPCR. RESULTS: IL-32 was predominantly expressed in SMCs and T-cell-rich areas. Highest mRNA expression was observed in the intima/media layer of the AAA. A weaker protein expression was detected in non-aneurysmal aortas. Expression of IL-32 was confirmed in isolated T cells, macrophages, endothelial cells, and SMCs, where expression was also inducible by cytokines such as interferon-γ. There was no difference in IL-32 expression in plasma between patients and controls. CONCLUSION: IL-32 signaling is altered locally in AAA and could potentially play an important role in aneurysm development. Further studies using animal models would be helpful to study its potential role in AAA disease.


Assuntos
Aorta Abdominal/metabolismo , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/metabolismo , Interleucinas/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Aorta Abdominal/patologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/genética , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucinas/genética , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/patologia , Regulação para Cima , Adulto Jovem
12.
Life Sci ; 256: 117862, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32473244

RESUMO

Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) exhibit a high degree of plasticity when they undergo the progression from a normal to a disease condition, which makes them a potential target for evaluating early markers and for the development of new therapies. Purinergic signalling plays a key role in vascular tonus control, ATP being an inductor of vasoconstriction, whereas adenosine mediates a vasodilation effect antagonising the ATP actions. The control of extracellular ATP and adenosine levels is done by ectonucleotidases, which represent a potential target to be evaluated in the progression of cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we analysed the basal activity and expression of the ectonucleotidases in aortic rat VSMCs, and we further performed in silico analysis to determine the expression of those enzymes in conditions that mimicked vascular diseases. Cultured in vitro VSMCs showed a prominent expression of Entpd1 followed by Entpd2 and Nt5e (CD73) and very low levels of Entpd3. Slightly faster AMP hydrolysis was observed when compared to ATP and ADP nucleotides. In silico analysis showed that the ectonucleotidases were modulated after induction of conditions that can lead to vascular diseases such as, hypertensive and hypotensive mice models (Nt5e); exposition to high-fat (Entpd1 and Entpd2) or high-phosphate (Nt5e) diet; mechanical stretch (Entpd1, Entpd2 and Nt5e); and myocardial infarction (Entpd1). Our data show that VSMCs are able to efficiently metabolise the extracellular nucleotides generating adenosine. The modulation of Entpd1, Entdp2 and Nt5e in vascular diseases suggests these ectoenzymes as potential targets or markers to be investigated in future studies.


Assuntos
5'-Nucleotidase/metabolismo , Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Apirase/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Doenças Vasculares/fisiopatologia , Adenosina/metabolismo , Difosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Aorta/citologia , Simulação por Computador , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , Camundongos , Músculo Liso Vascular/enzimologia , Nucleotídeos/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Doenças Vasculares/enzimologia
13.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(7): 1651-1663, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404006

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: SMAD3 pathogenic variants are associated with the development of thoracic aortic aneurysms. We sought to determine the role of SMAD3 in lineage-specific vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) differentiation and function. Approach and Results: SMAD3 c.652delA, a frameshift mutation and nonsense-mediated decay, was introduced in human-induced pluripotent stem cells using CRISPR-Cas9. The wild-type and SMAD3-/- (c.652delA) human-induced pluripotent stem cells were differentiated into cardiovascular progenitor cells or neural crest stem cells and then to lineage-specific VSMCs. Differentiation, contractility, extracellular matrix synthesis, and TGF-ß (transforming growth factor-ß) signaling of the differentiated VSMCs were analyzed. The homozygous frameshift mutation resulted in SMAD3 deficiency and was confirmed in human-induced pluripotent stem cells by Sanger sequencing and immunoblot analysis. In cardiovascular progenitor cell-VSMCs, SMAD3 deletion significantly disrupted canonical TGF-ß signaling and decreased gene expression of VSMC markers, including SM α-actin, myosin heavy chain 11, calponin-1, SM22α, and key controlling factors, SRF and myocardin, but increased collagen expression. The loss of SMAD3 significantly decreased VSMC contractility. In neural crest stem cells-VSMCs, SMAD3 deficiency did not significantly affect the VSMC differentiation but decreased ELN (elastin) expression and increased phosphorylated SMAD2. Expression of mir-29 was increased in SMAD3-/- VSMCs, and inhibition of mir-29 partially rescued ELN expression. CONCLUSIONS: SMAD3-dependent TGF-ß signaling was essential for the differentiation of cardiovascular progenitor cell-VSMCs but not for the differentiation of neural crest stem cell-VSMCs. The lineage-specific TGF-ß responses in human VSMCs may potentially contribute to the development of aortic root aneurysms in patients with SMAD3 mutations.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem da Célula , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Proteína Smad3/deficiência , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/genética , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/patologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Células Cultivadas , Elastina/genética , Elastina/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/patologia , Mutação da Fase de Leitura , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Fosforilação , Transdução de Sinais , Proteína Smad2/genética , Proteína Smad2/metabolismo , Proteína Smad3/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Remodelação Vascular , Vasoconstrição
14.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(7): 1664-1679, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease is the primary cause of mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease. Vascular calcification (VC) in the medial layer of the vessel wall is a unique and prominent feature in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease and is now recognized as an important predictor and independent risk factor for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in these patients. VC in chronic kidney disease is triggered by the transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) into osteoblasts as a consequence of elevated circulating inorganic phosphate (Pi) levels, due to poor kidney function. The objective of our study was to investigate the role of TDAG51 (T-cell death-associated gene 51) in the development of medial VC. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using primary mouse and human VSMCs, we found that TDAG51 is induced in VSMCs by Pi and is expressed in the medial layer of calcified human vessels. Furthermore, the transcriptional activity of RUNX2 (Runt-related transcription factor 2), a well-established driver of Pi-mediated VC, is reduced in TDAG51-/- VSMCs. To explain these observations, we identified that TDAG51-/- VSMCs express reduced levels of the type III sodium-dependent Pi transporter, Pit-1, a solute transporter, a solute transporter, a solute transporter responsible for cellular Pi uptake. Significantly, in response to hyperphosphatemia induced by vitamin D3, medial VC was attenuated in TDAG51-/- mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our studies highlight TDAG51 as an important mediator of Pi-induced VC in VSMCs through the downregulation of Pit-1. As such, TDAG51 may represent a therapeutic target for the prevention of VC and cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic kidney disease.


Assuntos
Transdiferenciação Celular , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Osteogênese , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Calcificação Vascular/metabolismo , Idoso , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Colecalciferol , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Hiperfosfatemia/induzido quimicamente , Hiperfosfatemia/metabolismo , Hiperfosfatemia/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Fosfatos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas Cotransportadoras de Sódio-Fosfato Tipo III/genética , Proteínas Cotransportadoras de Sódio-Fosfato Tipo III/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/deficiência , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Calcificação Vascular/genética , Calcificação Vascular/patologia , Calcificação Vascular/prevenção & controle
15.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(7): 1738-1747, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434411

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The extracellular matrix of atherosclerotic arteries contains abundant deposits of cellular Fn-EDA (fibronectin containing extra domain A), suggesting a functional role in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis. Fn-EDA is synthesized by several cell types, including endothelial cells (ECs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs), which are known to contribute to different stages of atherosclerosis. Although previous studies using global Fn-EDA-deficient mice have demonstrated that Fn-EDA is proatherogenic, the cell-specific role of EC versus SMC-derived-Fn-EDA in atherosclerosis has not been investigated yet. Approach and Results: To determine the relative contribution of different pools of Fn-EDA in atherosclerosis, we generated mutant strains lacking Fn-EDA in the ECs (Fn-EDAEC-KO) or smooth muscle cells (Fn-EDASMC-KO) on apolipoprotein E-deficient (Apoe-/-) background. The extent of atherosclerotic lesion progression was evaluated in whole aortae, and cross-sections of the aortic sinus in male and female mice fed a high-fat Western diet for either 4 weeks (early atherosclerosis) or 14 weeks (late atherosclerosis). Irrespective of sex, Fn-EDAEC-KO, but not Fn-EDASMC-KO mice, exhibited significantly reduced early atherogenesis concomitant with decrease in inflammatory cells (neutrophil and macrophage) and VCAM-1 (vascular cell adhesion molecule-1) expression levels within the plaques. In late atherosclerosis model, irrespective of sex, Fn-EDASMC-KO mice exhibited significantly reduced atherogenesis, but not Fn-EDAEC-KO mice, that was concomitant with decreased macrophage content within plaques. Lesional SMCs, collagen content, and plasma inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α [tumor necrosis factor-α] and IL-1ß [interleukin-1ß]), total cholesterol, and triglyceride levels were comparable among groups. CONCLUSIONS: EC-derived Fn-EDA contributes to early atherosclerosis, whereas SMC-derived Fn-EDA contributes to late atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Fibronectinas/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Placa Aterosclerótica , Animais , Aorta/metabolismo , Aorta/patologia , Doenças da Aorta/genética , Doenças da Aorta/patologia , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/patologia , Citocinas/sangue , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Feminino , Fibronectinas/deficiência , Fibronectinas/genética , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Lipídeos/sangue , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout para ApoE , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Tempo , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/metabolismo
16.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(6): e141-e144, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32326731

RESUMO

Deep vein thrombosis is a common clinical condition, with well-known risk factors. An unusual case of venous leiomyoma manifesting as a deep vein thrombosis in the left femoral vein of a 55-year-old man was managed successfully at our institution with anticoagulation, en-bloc excision and reconstruction of the femoral vein with spiral vein graft.


Assuntos
Veia Femoral/transplante , Leiomioma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Vasculares/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/terapia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Veia Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Femoral/patologia , Humanos , Canal Inguinal , Leiomioma/complicações , Leiomioma/patologia , Leiomioma/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Enxerto Vascular/métodos , Neoplasias Vasculares/complicações , Neoplasias Vasculares/patologia , Neoplasias Vasculares/cirurgia , Trombose Venosa/etiologia
17.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2020: 1926249, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32328171

RESUMO

Isoliquiritigenin (ISL) is a flavonoid isolated mainly from the licorice plant, a traditional Chinese herb. ISL has shown anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antidiabetic activities. However, the pharmaceutical effects of ISL on atherosclerosis are seldom explored. In this study, we used apolipoprotein E (ApoE) knockout mouse model and angiotensin II- (Ang II-) stimulated vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) to elucidate the pharmacological mechanism of ISL to inhibit atherosclerosis. We found that in ApoE-/- mice ISL could attenuate atherosclerotic lesion, reduce serum lipid levels, and inhibit TRPC5 expression. In vitro, ISL inhibited Ang II-stimulated proliferation of VSMCs and suppressed Ang II-induced TRPC5 and PCNA expressions in a dose-dependent fashion. In conclusion, our findings provide novel insight into the pharmacological effects of ISL on atherosclerosis and suggest that ISL is beneficial for cardiovascular protection.


Assuntos
Aorta/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças da Aorta/prevenção & controle , Aterosclerose/prevenção & controle , Chalconas/farmacologia , Placa Aterosclerótica , Canais de Cátion TRPC/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Aorta/metabolismo , Aorta/patologia , Doenças da Aorta/genética , Doenças da Aorta/metabolismo , Doenças da Aorta/patologia , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Lipídeos/sangue , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout para ApoE , Músculo Liso Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/genética , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Canais de Cátion TRPC/metabolismo
18.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0230201, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143215

RESUMO

Medial vascular calcification (MVC) is a highly prevalent disease associated with a high risk of severe, potentially lethal, complications. While animal studies may not systematically be circumvented, in vitro systems have been proven useful to study disease physiopathology. In the context of MVC, the absence of a clinically relevant standardized in vitro method prevents the appropriate comparison and overall interpretation of results originating from different experiments. The aim of our study is to establish in vitro models mimicking in vivo vascular calcification and to select the best methods to unravel the mechanisms involved in MVC. Human aortic smooth muscle cells and rat aortic rings were cultured in different conditions. The influence of fetal calf serum (FCS), alkaline phosphatase, phosphate and calcium concentrations in the medium were evaluated. We identified culture conditions, including the herein reported Aorta Calcifying Medium (ACM), which allowed a reproducible and specific medial calcification of aortic explants. Studying cells and aortic explants cultured, the involvement of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) pathway, fibrosis and apoptosis processes in in vitro MVC were demonstrated. Expression of osteoblastic markers was also observed suggesting the occurrence of transdifferentiation of smooth muscle cells to osteoblasts in our models. The use of these models will help researchers in the field of vascular calcification to achieve reproducible results and allow result comparison in a more consistent way.


Assuntos
Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Calcificação Vascular/patologia , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Animais , Aorta/metabolismo , Aorta/patologia , Apoptose/fisiologia , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Transdiferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Fosfatos/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Calcificação Vascular/metabolismo
19.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(5): 1094-1109, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188271

RESUMO

Adipose tissues are present at multiple locations in the body. Most blood vessels are surrounded with adipose tissue which is referred to as perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT). Similarly to adipose tissues at other locations, PVAT harbors many types of cells which produce and secrete adipokines and other undetermined factors which locally modulate PVAT metabolism and vascular function. Uncoupling protein-1, which is considered as a brown fat marker, is also expressed in PVAT of rodents and humans. Thus, compared with other adipose tissues in the visceral area, PVAT displays brown-like characteristics. PVAT shows a distinct function in the cardiovascular system compared with adipose tissues in other depots which are not adjacent to the vascular tree. Growing and extensive studies have demonstrated that presence of normal PVAT is required to maintain the vasculature in a functional status. However, excessive accumulation of dysfunctional PVAT leads to vascular disorders, partially through alteration of its secretome which, in turn, affects vascular smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells. In this review, we highlight the cross talk between PVAT and vascular smooth muscle cells and its roles in vascular remodeling and blood pressure regulation.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Comunicação Parácrina , Adipócitos/patologia , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Tecido Adiposo/fisiopatologia , Animais , Pressão Sanguínea , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/patologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Músculo Liso Vascular/fisiopatologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/patologia , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Fenótipo , Fatores de Risco , Transdução de Sinais , Remodelação Vascular
20.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(5): 1256-1274, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32160773

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In view of our previous observations on differential expression of LMCD1 (LIM and cysteine-rich domains 1) in human versus rodents, we asked the question whether LMCD1 plays a species-specific role in the development of vascular lesions. Approach and Results: A combination of genetic, molecular, cellular, and disease models were used to test species-specific role of LMCD1 in the pathogenesis of vascular lesions. Here, we report species-specific regulation of LMCD1 expression in mediating vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration during vascular wall remodeling in humans versus mice. Thrombin induced LMCD1 expression in human aortic smooth muscle cells but not mouse aortic smooth muscle cells via activation of Par1 (protease-activated receptor 1)-Gαq/11 (Gα protein q/11)-PLCß3 (phospholipase Cß3)-NFATc1 (nuclear factor of activated T cells 1) signaling. Furthermore, although LMCD1 mediates thrombin-induced proliferation and migration of both human aortic smooth muscle cells and mouse aortic smooth muscle cells via influencing E2F1 (E2F transcription factor 1)-mediated CDC6 (cell division cycle 6) expression and NFATc1-mediated IL (interleukin)-33 expression, respectively, in humans, it acts as an activator, and in mice, it acts as a repressor of these transcriptional factors. Interestingly, LMCD1 repressor activity was nullified by N-myristoyltransferase 2-mediated myristoylation in mouse. Besides, we found increased expression of LMCD1 in human stenotic arteries as compared to nonstenotic arteries. On the other hand, LMCD1 expression was decreased in neointimal lesions of mouse injured arteries as compared to noninjured arteries. CONCLUSIONS: Together, these observations reveal that LMCD1 acts as an activator and repressor of E2F1 and NFATc1 in humans and mice, respectively, in the induction of CDC6 and IL-33 expression during development of vascular lesions. Based on these findings, LMCD could be a potential target for drug development against restenosis and atherosclerosis in humans.


Assuntos
Proteínas Correpressoras/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição E2F1/metabolismo , Interleucina-33/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/metabolismo , Remodelação Vascular , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Proteínas Correpressoras/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fator de Transcrição E2F1/genética , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Interleucina-33/genética , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Músculo Liso Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Ácido Mirístico/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Transdução de Sinais , Especificidade da Espécie , Trombina/farmacologia , Remodelação Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/genética , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/patologia
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