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1.
Syst Rev ; 11(1): 179, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36042505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite all the excitement and hype generated regarding the expected transformative impact of digital technology on the healthcare industry, traditional healthcare systems around the world have largely remained unchanged and resultant improvements in developed countries are slower than anticipated. One area which was expected to significantly improve the quality of and access to primary healthcare services in particular is remote patient monitoring and management. Based on a combination of rapid advances in body sensors and information and communication technologies (ICT), it was hoped that remote patient management tools and systems (RPMTSs) would significantly reduce the care burden on traditional healthcare systems as well as health-related costs. However, the uptake or adoption of above systems has been extremely slow and their roll out has not yet properly taken off especially in developing countries where they ought to have made the greatest positive impact. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess whether or not recent, relevant literature would support the development of in-community, design, deployment and implementation framework based on three factors thought to be important drivers and levers of RPMTS's adoption and scalability. METHODS: A rapid, scoping review conducted on relevant articles obtained from PubMed, MEDLINE, PMC and Cochrane databases and grey literature on Google and published between 2012 and May 2020, by combining a number of relevant search terms and phrases. RESULTS: Most RPMTSs are targeted at and focused on a single disease, do not extensively involve patients and clinicians in their early planning and design phases, are not designed to best serve a specific catchment area and are mainly directed at post-hospital, disease management settings. This may be leading to a situation where patients, potential patients and clinicians simply do not make use of these tools, leading to low adoption and scalability thereof. CONCLUSION: The development of a user-centred, context-dependent, customizable design and deployment framework could potentially increase the adoption and scalability of RPMTSs, if such framework addressed a combination of diseases, prevalent in a given specific catchment area, especially in developing countries with limited financial resources.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Serviços de Saúde , Comunicação , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , MEDLINE
2.
Future Med Chem ; 14(18): 1309-1323, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36017692

RESUMO

Background: We describe herein, an improved procedure for drug repurposing based on refined Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms and hierarchical clustering method. Materials & methods: In the present study, we have employed MeSH data from MEDLINE (2019), 1669 US FDA approved drugs from Open FDA and a refined set of MeSH terms. Refinement of MeSH terms was performed to include terms related to mechanistic information of drugs and diseases. Results and Conclusions: In-depth analysis of the results obtained, demonstrated greater efficiency of the proposed approach, based on refined MeSH terms and hierarchical clustering, in terms of number of selected drug candidates for repurposing. Further, analysis of misclustering and size of noise clusters suggest that the proposed approach is reliable and can be employed in drug repurposing.


Assuntos
Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Medical Subject Headings , Análise por Conglomerados , MEDLINE
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954634

RESUMO

One of the risks that we find after orthodontic treatment is the secondary appearance of white spot lesions (WLS) after the removal of fixed multi-bracket appliances. Today, there are several treatment methods, resin infiltration being the most used in the most serious cases. The objective of this study is to carry out a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the efficacy and stability in the variables of color and gloss, six months after resin infiltration. A comprehensive search was performed in the following databases: PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, Scopus, Medline, and Web of Science. Articles published in the last 10 years were selected, including in vivo studies with a six-month follow-up. PRISMA guidelines were followed to carry out this systematic review. All studies where the application of resin was performed on carious lesions were discarded. Once the inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, a final sample of four articles was obtained, on which the review and meta-analysis were carried out. Once examined, all authors considered that there was an immediate improvement in both variables. However, statistically significant differences were obtained in the color change outcome, but not in the brightness outcome in the subgroup analysis after six months of icon resin infiltration.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Cor , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Diagnóstico Bucal , Humanos , MEDLINE , PubMed
4.
Syst Rev ; 11(1): 137, 2022 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35790998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Global plastic production has increased exponentially since the 1960s, with more than 6300 million metric tons of plastic waste generated to date. Studies have found a range of human health outcomes associated with exposure to plastic chemicals. However, only a fraction of plastic chemicals used have been studied in vivo, and then often in animals, for acute toxicological effects. With many questions still unanswered about how long-term exposure to plastic impacts human health, there is an urgent need to map human in vivo research conducted to date, casting a broad net by searching terms for a comprehensive suite of plastic chemical exposures and the widest range of health domains. METHODS: This protocol describes a scoping review that will follow the recommended framework outlined in the 2017 Guidance for the Conduct of Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Scoping Reviews, to be reported in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) Checklist. A literature search of primary clinical studies in English from 1960 onwards will be conducted in MEDLINE (Ovid) and EMBASE (Ovid) databases. References eligible for inclusion will be identified through a quality-controlled, multi-level screening process. Extracted data will be presented in diagrammatic and tabular form, with a narrative summary addressing the review questions. DISCUSSION: This scoping review will comprehensively map the primary research undertaken to date on plastic exposure and human health. Secondary outputs will include extensive databases on plastic chemicals and human health outcomes/impacts. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: Open Science Framework (OSF)-Standard Pre-Data Collection Registration, https://archive.org/details/osf-registrations-gbxps-v1 , https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/GBXPS.


Assuntos
Efeitos Antropogênicos , Plásticos , Lista de Checagem , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , MEDLINE , Plásticos/toxicidade , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
5.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 22(1): 200, 2022 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35897034

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Determining which therapies fall under the umbrella of complementary, alternative, and/or integrative medicine (CAIM) is difficult for several reasons. An operational definition is dynamic, and changes depending on both historical time period and geographical location, with many countries integrating or considering their traditional system(s) of medicine as conventional care. We have previously reported the first operational definition of CAIM informed by a systematic search. In the present study, we have developed a comprehensive search string informed by an operational definition of CAIM for systematic bibliographic database search strategies. METHODS: We developed a single search string for the most common bibliographic databases, including those searchable on the OVID platform (e.g., MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, AMED), the EBSCO platform (e.g., ERIC, CINAHL), Scopus, and Web of Science, using the finalised operational definition of CAIM's 604 therapies. We searched the Therapeutic Research Center's "Natural Medicines" database for all 604 therapies, and each item's scientific name and/or synonym was included as a keyword or phrase in the search string. RESULTS: This developed search string provides a standardised list of CAIM terms (i.e., keywords and phrases) that may be searched on bibliographic databases including those found on the OVID platform (e.g., MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, AMED), the EBSCO platform (e.g., ERIC, CINAHL), Scopus, and Web of Science. CONCLUSION: Researchers can select relevant terms for their CAIM study and insert the keywords/phrases into these databases to receive all accessible data. This search technique can simply be copied and pasted into the search bar of each database to identify research by keywords, which is the most inclusive, or by words in the article title, which is more selective. Given its versatility across multiple commonly used academic platforms/databases, it is expected that this search string will be of great value to those conducting research on CAIM topics involving systematic search strategies.


Assuntos
Medicina Integrativa , Bibliometria , Bases de Dados Bibliográficas , MEDLINE , Projetos de Pesquisa
6.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 295: 37-40, 2022 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35773799

RESUMO

Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is one of the most important vocabularies for information retrieval in medical research. It enables fast and reliable retrieval of research on PubMed/MEDLINE, the world's largest body of medical literature. The original English version of the thesaurus can be accessed via a MeSH Browser developed by the NLM. Recently, a multilingual MeSH Browser was proposed to enable usage across languages. To improve upon the original system, a new user interface (UI) was developed using contemporary web design frameworks in combination with principles from cognitive science. It aims to simplify access for medical professionals and increase overall usability. Evaluating such design improvements continually is necessary to quantify the possible positive impact for online systems in medical research. This study therefore directly compares the resulting system to the NLM Browser, using an established online questionnaire. Results show significant improvements in content and navigation as well as overall user satisfaction, while offering feedback for future improvements. This underlines the benefits of employing contemporary web design in terms of usability and user satisfaction.


Assuntos
Medical Subject Headings , Multilinguismo , MEDLINE , PubMed
7.
PLoS One ; 17(6): e0269381, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35759458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, mood induction procedures have been developed in experimental settings that are designed to facilitate studying the impact of mood states on biological and psychological processes. The aim of the present study was to conduct a systematic mapping review with the intention of describing the state of the art in the use of different types of autobiographical stimuli for mood induction procedures. METHODS: Based on a search for publications from the period 2000-2021, conducted in four recognised databases (Scopus, Medline (PubMed), PsycINFO and Web of Science), we analysed a total of 126 published articles. Text mining techniques were used to extract the main themes related. RESULTS: The induction of emotions through autobiographical memories is an area under construction and of growing interest. The data mining approach yielded information about the main types of stimuli used in these procedures, highlighting those that only employ a single type of cue, as well as the preference for verbal cues over others such as musical, olfactory and visual cues. This type of procedure has been used to induce both positive and negative emotions through tasks that require access to personal memories of specific events from a cue, requiring the person to set in motion different cognitive processes. The use of the latest technologies (fMRI, EEG, etc.) is also shown, demonstrating that this is a cutting-edge field of study. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the study of mood induction procedures still being a growing field, the present review provides a novel overview of the current state of the art in the field, which may serve as a framework for future studies on the topic.


Assuntos
Afeto , Memória Episódica , Sinais (Psicologia) , Emoções , Humanos , MEDLINE , Rememoração Mental
8.
Int J Implant Dent ; 8(1): 26, 2022 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674882

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this umbrella review was to gather and summarize the data from published systematic reviews (SRs) that compared non-surgical mechanical debridement (NSMD) with and without the use of adjunctive treatments on the management of peri-implant mucositis (PIM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A protocol was developed and registered in PROSPERO (CRD42021254350) before the systematic search for the SRs. Seven electronic databases, including Cochrane Library, Embase (via Ovid), MEDLINE (via Pubmed), Proquest, Prospero, Scopus and Web of Science, were searched for published reviews. The search for unpublished and informally published reviews was further attempted in the last four databases. The methodological quality of the included reviews was assessed using AMSTAR 2. RESULTS: Twelve included SRs assessed clinical studies published between 2014 and 2020, including a total of seventeen primary clinical trials. All SRs summarized data from individual studies and provided a narrative conclusion regarding the effectiveness of the adjunctive treatments. Only six SRs performed a meta-analysis (MA) of additional benefits of the adjunctive therapy for PIM, with results indicating no significant difference between the different treatment modalities. The overall confidence was adjudged ranging from critically low to low using AMSTAR 2 and significant additional benefits of any adjunctive treatments in comparison with NSMD were not apparent. CONCLUSION: Overall, the reviewed evidence did not support the use of adjunctive treatments for improvement of clinical outcomes in PM management as compared to NSMD alone.


Assuntos
Mucosite , Peri-Implantite , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , MEDLINE , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
9.
Syst Rev ; 11(1): 91, 2022 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35562839

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Explanations for health inequalities include material, behavioural and psychosocial pathways. Social relationships are an important determinant of health, and research has consistently found that a lack of support networks may diminish favourable health outcomes. There is some evidence that social network structures, partly shaped by socioeconomic factors, contribute to health inequalities. This protocol will summarise the systematic review process. METHODS AND ANALYSES: The Systematic review will be reported according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. An electronic database search of MEDLINE, Embase Classic + Embase and PsychINFO using the OvidSP platform will be undertaken. Databases will be searched from the earliest date of entry until 10 June 2022. Articles that have quantitatively assessed the role of social relationships in mediating or moderating health inequalities will be included and any health outcome (mental/physical) will be considered. The database search will be supplemented by reference list screening of all relevant full-text articles identified through the search. Two independent reviewers will be responsible for screening of articles, data extraction and assessment of bias. Observational studies will be risk assessed for bias using a modified version of the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale, and intervention studies will be assessed using the revised Cochrane risk-of-bias tool. It is anticipated that the eligible studies will be highly variable; therefore, a meta-analysis will only be considered if the available data of the selected studies are similar. If the studies are too heterogeneous, a narrative synthesis of the extracted data will be presented. CONCLUSION: The results of the systematic review will examine the link between social relationships and health inequalities. The findings of the review will identify gaps in knowledge where further research is needed. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42020181706.


Assuntos
Relações Interpessoais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , MEDLINE , Metanálise como Assunto , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
10.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0268220, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35588126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) is a chronic neurological condition estimated to affect 1 in 50 adults. Due to its diverse impact, trajectory and management options, patient-centred care and shared decision making are essential. In this scoping review, we aim to explore whether information needs in DCM are currently being met in available DCM educational resources. This forms part of a larger Myelopathy.org project to promote shared decision making in DCM. METHODS: A search was completed encompassing MEDLINE, Embase and grey literature. Resources relevant to DCM were compiled for analysis. Resources were grouped into 5 information types: scientific literature, videos, organisations, health education websites and patient information leaflets. Resources were then further arranged into a hierarchical framework of domains and subdomains, formed through inductive analysis. Frequency statistics were employed to capture relative popularity as a surrogate marker of potential significance. RESULTS: Of 2674 resources, 150 information resources addressing DCM were identified: 115 scientific literature resources, 28 videos, 5 resources from health organisations and 2 resources from health education websites. Surgical management was the domain with the largest number of resources (66.7%, 100/150). The domain with the second largest number of resources was clinical presentation and natural history (28.7%, 43/150). Most resources (83.3%, 125/150) were designed for professionals. A minority (11.3% 17/150) were written for a lay audience or for a combined audience (3.3%, 5/150). CONCLUSION: Educational resources for DCM are largely directed at professionals and focus on surgical management. This is at odds with the needs of stakeholders in a lifelong condition that is often managed without surgery, highlighting an unmet educational need.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Compartilhada , Doenças da Medula Espinal , Humanos , MEDLINE , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Doenças da Medula Espinal/cirurgia
11.
BMC Med Res Methodol ; 22(1): 107, 2022 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35399050

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews (SRs) are valuable resources as they address specific clinical questions by summarizing all existing relevant studies. However, finding all information to include in systematic reviews can be challenging. Methodological search filters have been developed to find articles related to specific clinical questions. To our knowledge, no filter exists for finding studies on the role of prognostic factor (PF). We aimed to develop and evaluate a search filter to identify PF studies in Ovid MEDLINE that has maximum sensitivity. METHODS: We followed current recommendations for the development of a search filter by first identifying a reference set of PF studies included in relevant systematic reviews on the topic, and by selecting search terms using a word frequency analysis complemented with an expert panel discussion. We evaluated filter performance using the relative recall methodology. RESULTS: We constructed a reference set of 73 studies included in six systematic reviews from a larger sample. After completing a word frequency analysis using the reference set studies, we compiled a list of 80 of the frequent methodological terms. This list of terms was evaluated by the Delphi panel for inclusion in the filter, resulting in a final set of 8 appropriate terms. The consecutive connection of these terms with the Boolean operator OR produced the filter. We then evaluated the filter using the relative recall method against the reference set, comparing the references included in the SRs with our new search using the filter. The overall sensitivity of the filter was calculated to be 95%, while the overall specificity was 41%. The precision of the filter varied considerably, ranging from 0.36 to 17%. The NNR (number needed to read) value varied largely from 6 to 278. The time saved by using the filter ranged from 13-70%. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a search filter for OVID-Medline with acceptable performance that could be used in systematic reviews of PF studies. Using this filter could save as much as 40% of the title and abstract screening task. The specificity of the filter could be improved by defining additional terms to be included, although it is important to evaluate any modification to guarantee the filter is still highly sensitive.


Assuntos
Pesquisa , Coleta de Dados , Humanos , MEDLINE , Prognóstico , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
12.
J Med Libr Assoc ; 110(2): 185-204, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35440905

RESUMO

Introduction: Poor indexing and inconsistent use of terms and keywords may prevent efficient retrieval of studies on the patient-based benefit-risk assessment (BRA) of medicines. We aimed to develop and validate an objectively derived content search strategy containing generic search terms that can be adapted for any search for evidence on patient-based BRA of medicines for any therapeutic area. Methods: We used a robust multistep process to develop and validate the content search strategy: (1) we developed a bank of search terms derived from screening studies on patient-based BRA of medicines in various therapeutic areas, (2) we refined the proposed content search strategy through an iterative process of testing sensitivity and precision of search terms, and (3) we validated the final search strategy in PubMed by firstly using multiple sclerosis as a case condition and secondly computing its relative performance versus a published systematic review on patient-based BRA of medicines in rheumatoid arthritis. Results: We conceptualized a final search strategy to retrieve studies on patient-based BRA containing generic search terms grouped into two domains, namely the patient and the BRA of medicines (sensitivity 84%, specificity 99.4%, precision 20.7%). The relative performance of the content search strategy was 85.7% compared with a search from a published systematic review of patient preferences in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. We also developed a more extended filter, with a relative performance of 93.3% when compared with a search from a published systematic review of patient preferences in lung cancer.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , MEDLINE , PubMed , Medição de Risco
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35270557

RESUMO

We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing motor control, isometric, and isotonic trunk training intervention for pain, disability, and re-injury risk reduction in chronic low back pain patients. The EMBASE, MEDLINE, CENTRAL, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, and CINAHL databases were searched from inception until 25 February 2021 for chronic low back pain intervention based on any trunk training. Outcomes include the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) for disability, the Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) for pain, and the Sorensen Test (ST) for future risk of re-injury. Isometric training was superior to the control with a mean difference (MD) = -1.66, 95% confidence interval (CI) [-2.30, -1.01] in pain reduction; MD = -7.94, 95% CI [-10.29, -5.59] in ODI; MD = -3.21, 95% CI [-4.83, -1.60] in RMDQ; and MD = 56.35 s, 95% CI [51.81 s, 60.90 s] in ST. Motor control was superior to the control with a MD = -2.44, 95% CI [-3.10, -1.79] in NPRS; MD = -8.32, 95% CI [-13.43, -3.22] in ODI; and MD = -3.58, 95% CI [-5.13, -2.03] in RMDQ. Isometric and motor control methods can effectively reduce pain and disability, with the isometric method reducing re-injury risk.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Dor Lombar , Relesões , Dor Crônica/terapia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Dor Lombar/terapia , MEDLINE , Tronco
14.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 140(2): 310-319, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35293938

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Teleradiology consists of electronic transmission of radiological images from one location to another, including between countries, for interpretation and/or consultation. It is one of the most successful applications of telemedicine. Combining this methodology with ultrasound (called telesonography) can accelerate the process of making diagnoses. Despite this rationale, the quality of the evidence about the effectiveness and accuracy of teleradiology remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on the evidence that exists regarding use of telemedicine for ultrasound in situations of synchronous transmission. DESIGN AND SETTING: Narrative review conducted within the evidence-based health program at a federal university in São Paulo (SP), Brazil. METHODS: A search of the literature was carried out in April 2020, in the online databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Tripdatabase, CINAHL and LILACS, for original publications in all languages. The reference lists of the studies included and the main reviews on the subject were also evaluated. RESULTS: We included ten studies that assessed procedures performed by different healthcare professionals, always with a doctor experienced in ultrasound as a distant mentor. Among these, only one study assessed disease diagnoses in relation to real patients. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the promising position of telesonography within telemedicine, no studies with reasonable methodological quality have yet been conducted to demonstrate its effectiveness.


Assuntos
Telemedicina , Brasil , Humanos , MEDLINE , Ultrassonografia
15.
BMC Med Res Methodol ; 22(1): 79, 2022 03 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35337283

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Deprescribing literature has been increasing rapidly. Our aim was to develop and validate search filters to identify articles on deprescribing in Medline via PubMed and in Embase via Embase.com . METHODS: Articles published from 2011 to 2020 in a core set of eight journals (covering fields of interest for deprescribing, such as geriatrics, pharmacology and primary care) formed a reference set. Each article was screened independently in duplicate and classified as relevant or non-relevant to deprescribing. Relevant terms were identified by term frequency analysis in a 70% subset of the reference set. Selected title and abstract terms, MeSH terms and Emtree terms were combined to develop two highly sensitive filters for Medline via Pubmed and Embase via Embase.com . The filters were validated against the remaining 30% of the reference set. Sensitivity, specificity and precision were calculated with their 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). RESULTS: A total of 23,741 articles were aggregated in the reference set, and 224 were classified as relevant to deprescribing. A total of 34 terms and 4 MeSH terms were identified to develop the Medline search filter. A total of 27 terms and 6 Emtree terms were identified to develop the Embase search filter. The sensitivity was 92% (95% CI: 83-97%) in Medline via Pubmed and 91% (95% CI: 82-96%) in Embase via Embase.com . CONCLUSIONS: These are the first deprescribing search filters that have been developed objectively and validated. These filters can be used in search strategies for future deprescribing reviews. Further prospective studies are needed to assess their effectiveness and efficiency when used in systematic reviews.


Assuntos
Desprescrições , Humanos , MEDLINE , Medical Subject Headings , PubMed , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
16.
J Med Libr Assoc ; 110(1): 23-33, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35210959

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study compared the recall and precision of MeSH-term versus text-word searching to better understand psychosocial MeSH terms and to provide guidance on whether to include both strategies in an information literacy session or how much time should be spent on teaching each search strategy. METHODS: Using the relevant recall method, a total of 3,162 resources were considered and evaluated to form a gold standard set of 1,521 relevant resources. We compared resources discussing psychosocial aspects of children and adolescents living with type 1 diabetes using two search strategies: text-word strategy versus MeSH-term strategy. The frequency of MeSH terms, the MeSH hierarchy, and elements of each search strategy were also examined. RESULTS: Using the 1,521 relevant articles, we found that the text-word search strategy had 54% recall, while the MeSH-term strategy had 75% recall. Also, the precision of the text-word strategy was 34.4%, while the precision of the MeSH-term strategy was 47.7%. Therefore, the MeSH-term search strategy yielded both greater recall and greater precision. The MeSH strategy was also more complicated in design and usage than the text-word strategy. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the effectiveness of text-word and MeSH search strategies on precision and recall. The combination of text-word and MeSH strategies is recommended to achieve the most comprehensive results. These results support the idea that MeSH or a similar controlled vocabulary should be taught to experienced and knowledgeable students and practitioners who require a myriad of resources for their literature searches.


Assuntos
Bibliotecas , Medical Subject Headings , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação , MEDLINE , Vocabulário Controlado
17.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 288: 167-177, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35102838

RESUMO

When Donald A.B. Lindberg M.D. was sworn in as Director of the National Library of Medicine (NLM) in 1984, MEDLINE, NLM's online database of citations and abstracts to biomedical journal articles, was searched primarily by librarians trained to use its command language interface. There were fees for searching, primarily to recover the cost of using commercial value-added telecommunications networks. Thirteen years later, in 1997, MEDLINE became free to anyone with an Internet connection and a Web browser. This chapter provides an insider's view of how Dr. Lindberg's vision and leadership - combined with new technology, astute handling of policy issues, and key help from political supporters and influential advocates - enabled a tremendous expansion in access to biomedical and health information for scientists, health professionals, patients, and the public.


Assuntos
MEDLINE , National Library of Medicine (U.S.) , Acesso à Informação , Redes de Comunicação de Computadores , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Liderança , Bibliotecários , Estados Unidos
18.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 288: 178-188, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35102839

RESUMO

When Dr. Lindberg was sworn in as Director, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) was providing few resources with information useful to the public, having concentrated efforts towards health professionals and scientists. With his arrival, and that of the Internet in the 1990s, NLM embarked on a research and user-focused path towards providing authoritative health information for patients, families and the public. MedlinePlus, NIHSeniorHealth, and MedlinePlus en espanol delivered health information in a variety of formats using text, still images, audio and video. These resources were supported by NLM advisors and Dr. Lindberg's strong belief that patients and families needed easy access to medical information to be able to effectively care for themselves in illness and maintain the best health possible throughout their lives.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde , MedlinePlus , Acesso à Informação , Informática Aplicada à Saúde dos Consumidores , Saúde da Família , Humanos , MEDLINE , National Library of Medicine (U.S.) , Estados Unidos
19.
Res Synth Methods ; 13(4): 447-456, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35142432

RESUMO

Search filters are used to find evidence on specific subjects. Performance of filters can be varied and may need adapting to meet the needs of research topics. There are limited geographic search filters available, and only one pertaining to low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). When searching for literature on preterm birth prevention and management in LMICs for a research project at the School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), we made use of the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) LMIC geographic search filter for the databases; Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, Cochrane Library. During screening following a broad scoping search in Ovid MEDLINE, it was found that the EPOC LMIC filter did not identify a relevant study. Adaptations were made to the LMIC geographic search filter to maximise retrieval and identify the missing study. Institution was included as a search field, and the search terms high burden or countdown countries were added. The filter was translated for the databases; Ovid Embase, Cochrane Library, Ovid PsycINFO, and CINAHL via EBSCO. The adapted ScHARR LMIC filter is a non-validated 1st generation filter which increases the sensitivity of the EPOC LMIC search filter. Validating the filter would confirm its retrieval performance and benefit information professionals, researchers, and health professionals. We recommend that the ScHARR LMIC filter is used to improve sensitivity of the Cochrane EPOC LMIC filter and reduce the risk of missing relevant studies.


Assuntos
MEDLINE , Nascimento Prematuro , Países em Desenvolvimento , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Nascimento Prematuro/prevenção & controle
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35162136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medicine requires the brightest minds, regardless of gender. Women working in the health sciences have time and again demonstrated the value of their technical training, communication skills, emotional support, and ability to provide understandable explanations to their patients. The objective of this work was to carry out a historical review of the main female authors linked to classic sensorimotor neurorehabilitation techniques throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, as well as female authors linked to eponymous tests or assessments, exposing their scientific trajectory and main contributions to the field of neurological rehabilitation. A literature review was conducted. The databases of Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Scopus, CINAHL Medical Science, Medline through EBSCO and PubMed were used to obtain the biographical information of each author, searches of papers were limited until August 2021 in English and Spanish languages. Seventeen female authors were identified who linked to the main rehabilitation techniques or approaches described for neurological rehabilitation and for scales or tests with an eponymous origin as an example of female contribution on neurorehabilitation. Biographical information based on the computerized search in the electronic databases showed 57 potentially relevant articles. Of those articles, 43 were subsequently excluded. Fourteen articles were used to show their contribution to neurorehabilitation. This paper demonstrates the influential role of women in the history of sensorimotor neurorehabilitation throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, linked to the methods, techniques, concepts, or approaches used in physical therapy or occupational therapy.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Neurológica , Terapia Ocupacional , Feminino , Humanos , Idioma , MEDLINE , Modalidades de Fisioterapia
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