Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 15.393
Filtrar
1.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 105(4): 559-564, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32974765

RESUMO

In this work, we propose to evaluate the effect of agriculture intensification under greenhouses on the biochemical and transcriptomic responses of the earthworms Eisenia andrei. This work was conducted on two sites in Téboulba and Sahline (Monastir governorate) and a control site in an experimental plot that is undergoing organic farming. For this purpose, the earthworms Eisenia andrei were exposed to the soils during 7 and 14 days. The physicochemical properties of the soils were analyzed. The biochemical biomarkers of metallothioneins (MTs) and malondialdehyde (MDA) accumulations were also assessed. Moreover, the gene expression level of the MTs was analyzed. The results of our study revealed a significant trace element accumulation accompanied by a high level of MDA and MT proteins. Moreover, a significant expression of the MT gene was observed in earthworms exposed to the soils from Sahline and Téboulba. Hence, this work reveals that intensive agriculture can affect the biological responses of earthworms and consequently, the soil's biofertility.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Biomarcadores Ambientais/fisiologia , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Oligoquetos/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Solo/química , Agricultura/métodos , Animais , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Metalotioneína/metabolismo , Oligoquetos/genética , Oligoquetos/metabolismo , Tunísia
2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 205: 111293, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949840

RESUMO

Wastewater from printing and dyeing processes often contains aniline and high salinity, which are hazardous to aquatic species. Glycophytic plants cannot survive under high-salinity conditions, whereas halophytes grow well in such an environment. In this study, we investigated the influence of NaCl on the antioxidant level in Suaeda salsa affected by aniline stress. The seedlings showed various growth toxicity effects under different concentrations of aniline. The results showed that the effect of the aniline was more severe for the root growth compared to that for the shoot growth. Aniline exposure significantly increased the total free radicals and ·OH radicals in the plants. Suaeda salsa exposure to aniline caused oxidative stress by altering the superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and peroxidase (POD) activity, which resulted in the overproduction of H2O2 and the inducement of lipid peroxidation. Analysis revealed that the malondialdehyde (MDA) content was enhanced after aniline exposure and that the chlorophyll content was significantly decreased. The results showed that aniline induced the production of free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS), and changed the antioxidant defense system. This ultimately resulted in oxidative damage in S. salsa; however, it was found that moderate salinity could mitigate the effects. In conclusion, salinity may alleviate the growth inhibition caused by aniline by regulating the antioxidant capacity of S. salsa.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina/toxicidade , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Chenopodiaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Catalase/metabolismo , Chenopodiaceae/enzimologia , Chenopodiaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Clorofila/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Salinidade , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal/efeitos dos fármacos , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal/enzimologia , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plântula/efeitos dos fármacos , Plântula/enzimologia , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
3.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 5005-5016, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764932

RESUMO

Background and Aim: With the wide applications of chitosan and gold nanoparticles in drug delivery and many consumer products, there is limited available information about their effects on drug-metabolizing enzymes (DMEs). Changes in DMEs could result in serious drug interactions. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effects of exposure to chitosan or gold nanoparticles on hepatic Phase I and II DMEs, liver function and integrity, oxidative damage and liver architecture in male rats. Methods: Animals were divided into three equal groups: a control group, a group treated with chitosan nanoparticles (200 mg/kg, 50±5 nm) and a group treated with gold nanoparticles (4 mg/kg, 15±5 nm). Rats were orally administered their respective doses daily for 10 days. Results: Both chitosan and gold nanoparticles decreased the body weights by more than 10%. Gold nanoparticles reduced the activities of antioxidants (superoxide dismutase and catalase), and reduced glutathione level and elevated the malondialdehyde level in the liver. Gold nanoparticles caused significant reductions in CYP1A1, CYP2E1, quinone oxidoreductase1, and glutathione S-transferase and elevated CYP2D6 and N-acetyl transferase2. Chitosan elevated CYP2E1 and CYP2D6 and reduced UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1. Both nanoparticles disturbed the architecture of the liver, but the deleterious effects after gold nanoparticles treatment were more prominent. Conclusion: Taken together, gold nanoparticles severely perturbed the DMEs and would result in serious interactions with many drugs, herbs, and foods.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inativação Metabólica/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/efeitos adversos , Animais , Catalase/genética , Catalase/metabolismo , Quitosana/química , Citocromo P-450 CYP1A1/metabolismo , Citocromo P-450 CYP2E1/genética , Citocromo P-450 CYP2E1/metabolismo , Interações Medicamentosas , Glucuronosiltransferase/genética , Glucuronosiltransferase/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Glutationa Transferase/genética , Glutationa Transferase/metabolismo , Ouro/química , Ouro/farmacocinética , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Ratos Wistar , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
4.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 202: 110906, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32800241

RESUMO

The nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac (DCF) is considered a contaminant of emerging concern. DCF can co-exist with heavy metals in aquatic environments, causing unexpected risks to aquatic organisms. This study aimed to assess the combined effects of DCF and cadmium (Cd) at environmentally relevant concentrations on the bioconcentration and status of oxidative stress and detoxification in Chironomus riparius larvae. The larvae were exposed to DCF (2 and 20 µg L-1) and Cd (5 and 50 µg L-1) alone or in mixtures for 48 h. The combined exposure to DCF and Cd was found to reciprocally facilitate the accumulation of each compound in larvae compared with single exposures. As indicated by the antioxidant enzyme activities, reduced glutathione levels, and malondialdehyde contents, the low concentration of the mixture (2 µg L-1 DCF + 5 µg L-1 Cd) did not alter the oxidative stress status in larvae, while the high concentration of the mixture (20 µg L-1 DCF + 50 µg L-1 Cd) induced stronger oxidative damage to larvae compared with single exposures. The expression levels of eight genes (CuZnSOD, MnSOD, CAT, GSTd3, GSTe1, GSTs4, CYP4G, and CYP9AT2) significantly decreased due to the high concentration of the mixture compared with single exposures in most cases. Overall, the results suggest that the mixture of DCF and Cd might exert greater ecological risks to aquatic insects compared with their individual compounds.


Assuntos
Cádmio/toxicidade , Chironomidae/fisiologia , Diclofenaco/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Cádmio/metabolismo , Chironomidae/efeitos dos fármacos , Diclofenaco/metabolismo , Inativação Metabólica/efeitos dos fármacos , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo
5.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4084, 2020 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32796843

RESUMO

Lipid peroxidation generates reactive dicarbonyls including isolevuglandins (IsoLGs) and malondialdehyde (MDA) that covalently modify proteins. Humans with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) have increased lipoprotein dicarbonyl adducts and dysfunctional HDL. We investigate the impact of the dicarbonyl scavenger, 2-hydroxybenzylamine (2-HOBA) on HDL function and atherosclerosis in Ldlr-/- mice, a model of FH. Compared to hypercholesterolemic Ldlr-/- mice treated with vehicle or 4-HOBA, a nonreactive analogue, 2-HOBA decreases atherosclerosis by 60% in en face aortas, without changing plasma cholesterol. Ldlr-/- mice treated with 2-HOBA have reduced MDA-LDL and MDA-HDL levels, and their HDL display increased capacity to reduce macrophage cholesterol. Importantly, 2-HOBA reduces the MDA- and IsoLG-lysyl content in atherosclerotic aortas versus 4-HOBA. Furthermore, 2-HOBA reduces inflammation and plaque apoptotic cells and promotes efferocytosis and features of stable plaques. Dicarbonyl scavenging with 2-HOBA has multiple atheroprotective effects in a murine FH model, supporting its potential as a therapeutic approach for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Benzilaminas/metabolismo , Benzilaminas/farmacologia , Benzilaminas/uso terapêutico , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/metabolismo , Receptores de LDL/genética , Animais , Aorta , Apolipoproteínas E , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Colesterol/sangue , Colesterol/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/patologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Lipoproteínas HDL/metabolismo , Lipoproteínas IDL/sangue , Lipoproteínas IDL/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Fragmentos de Peptídeos
6.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 205: 111161, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853865

RESUMO

The present study was implemented to evaluate oxidative stress, immune response, Nrf2 and NF-κB signaling molecules related genes expression of Rhynchocypris lagowski living in biofloc technology (BFT) system and exposed to waterborne ammonia. According to the differences of C:N ratios, the experiment was divided into four groups: C:N 10.8:1 (control group), C:N 15:1, C:N 20: 1 and C:N 25:1. The results demonstrated that BFT can effectively regulate water quality and promote growth, and the C:N 20:1 group has the most significant effect (P < 0.05). Besides, significant increases in immune enzymes (lysozyme, complement C3, C4, immunoglobulin M and nitric oxide synthase) and anti-inflammatory factor (IL-2) activity of R. lagowski were emerged in the treatment C:N 20:1 after the 56-d growth experiment and the challenging trial (P < 0.05). Comparing the antioxidant status of R. lagowski in liver and gut before and after ammonia stress: superoxide dismutase, total antioxidant capacity and catalase activity in treatments C:N 20:1 were significant increased (P < 0.05), while the level of malondialdehyde was marked lower than that in control. Meanwhile, treatment C:N 20:1 considerably upregulated Nrf2 signaling molecules related genes and significantly down-regulated the expression of pro-inflammatory factor gene in NF-κB signaling pathway compared with the control (P < 0.05). These results indicated that BFT could enhance growth, antioxidant and immune response and regulate Nrf2 and NF-κB related genes expression in R. lagowski, with most excellent effects in fish given C:N 20:1 group.


Assuntos
Amônia/toxicidade , Aquicultura , Cyprinidae/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Cyprinidae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cyprinidae/imunologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
7.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 105(3): 358-365, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740748

RESUMO

Sulfamethoxazole (SMZ) is a kind of sulfonamides antibiotic, which is widely used in human life. This study investigated the effects of SMZ on physiological and biochemical indexes of Chlorella vulgaris (C. vulgaris) and Microcystis aeruginosa (M. aeruginosa) for 35-day. The results showed that SMZ inhibited the growth and Chl-a content of C. vulgaris and M. aeruginosa, and growth inhibition rate was 8.06%-95.86%, Chl-a content decreased 2.44%-98.04%. SMZ resulting in increased SOD and CAT activity and destroyed the dynamic balance of antioxidant system. In addition, SMZ increased the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in algae, destroyed the cell membrane to a certain extent, which was 1.8-7.3 folds higher than the control group. High concentration of SMZ can make algae cells exceed the limit of cell antioxidant capacity. Coupled with the serious damage of cell membrane, algae cells begin to appear a large number of death phenomenon.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/toxicidade , Chlorella vulgaris/fisiologia , Microcystis/fisiologia , Sulfametoxazol/toxicidade , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Chlorella vulgaris/efeitos dos fármacos , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Microcystis/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfametoxazol/metabolismo
8.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 205: 111106, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32818877

RESUMO

The uptake and depuration kinetics of diclofenac and carbamazepine alone at an environmentally relevant nominal concentration of 2 µg/L and in combination at a concentration ratio of 1:1 with total concentration of 4 µg/L were evaluated in Carassius carassius after 7 d uptake and depuration. Also, the biochemical effects of both drugs alone at nominal concentrations of 2 and 10 µg/L as well as in combination with total concentrations of 4 and 20 µg/L were investigated in Carassius carassius after 7 d exposure followed by 10 d recovery. In the single treatments, steady-state BCFs measured after the 7 d exposure were 73.05, 49.71, 38.01 and 24.93 L/kg for diclofenac and 9.25, 8.99, 5.29 and 4.11 L/kg for carbamazepine in the liver, brain, gill and muscle of Carassius carassius, respectively. Comparatively lower BCFs were measured in the tissues of Carassius carassius for both drugs in the combined treatments. Acetylcholinesterase activity in the brain was significantly induced by diclofenac while carbamazepine and the mixtures significantly inhibited it during all the exposure days as well as after the 10 d recovery in all treatments. This indicates that Carassius carassius could not recover from the neurotoxic effects caused by carbamazepine unlike the inductive effect caused by diclofenac which was recoverable after 10 days. A significant increase in the activities of 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase and glutathione s-transferase for individual and mixed pharmaceuticals suggest that metabolism and detoxification of both drugs took place in the liver of Carassius carassius. Also, a significant increase in the activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione reductase and malondialdehyde contents in the individual and mixture treatments mean that the antioxidant defence system of Carassius carassius was triggered to fight against oxidative stress but lipid peroxidation still occurred. However, Carassius carassius recovered from all these increases (superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione reductase and malondialdehyde) after the 10 d recovery, suggesting that oxidative damage is reversible. Our results indicate that both drugs at environmentally relevant concentrations might cause adverse effects in Carassius carassius and other fish species.


Assuntos
Carbamazepina/toxicidade , Carpas/metabolismo , Diclofenaco/toxicidade , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Carbamazepina/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Citocromo P-450 CYP1A1/metabolismo , Diclofenaco/metabolismo , Glutationa Transferase/metabolismo , Inativação Metabólica , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo
9.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4763-4778, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32753865

RESUMO

Introduction: Methotrexate exhibits poor cutaneous bioavailability and systemic side effects on topical administration, so there is an unmet need for a novel carrier and its optimized therapy. Methotrexate-loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (MTXNLCs) were formulated and characterized to determine in vitro drug release and evaluate the role of MTXNLC gel in the topical treatment of psoriasis. Methods: A solvent diffusion technique was employed to prepare MTXNLCs, which was optimized using 32 full factorial designs. The mean diameter and surface morphology of MTXNLCs was evaluated. The crystallinity of lyophilized MTXNLCs was characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD). MTXNLCs were integrated in 1% w/w Carbopol 934 P gel base, and in vitro skin deposition studies in human cadaver skin (HCS) were carried out. Results: The optimized MTXNLCs were rod-shaped, with an average particle size of 253 ± 8.65 nm, a zeta potential of -26.4±0.86 mV, and EE of 54.00±1.49%. DSC and XRD data confirmed the formation of NLCs. Significantly higher deposition of MTX was found in HCS from MTXNLC gel (71.52 ±1.13%) as compared to MTX plain gel (38.48±0.96%). In vivo studies demonstrated significant improvement in therapeutic response and reduction in local side effects with MTXNLCs-loaded gel in the topical treatment of psoriasis. Anti-psoriatic efficacy of MTXNLCs 100 ug/cm2 compared with plain MTX gel was evaluated using imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis in BALB/c mice. The topical application of MTXNLCs to the mouse ear resulted in a significant reduction of psoriatic area and severity index, oxidative stress, inflammatory cytokines like TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 and IMQ-induced histopathological alterations in mouse ear samples. Conclusion: Developed formulation of MTXNLC gel demonstrated better anti-psoriatic activity and also displayed prolonged and sustained release effect, which shows that it can be a promising alternative to existing MTX formulation for the treatment of psoriasis.


Assuntos
Composição de Medicamentos , Géis/química , Imiquimode/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Lipídeos/química , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Nanoestruturas/química , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Cutânea , Administração Tópica , Animais , Catalase/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho do Órgão , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
10.
J Toxicol Sci ; 45(8): 411-422, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741894

RESUMO

Lanthanum oxide (La2O3) nanoparticles (NPs) have been widely used in photoelectric and catalytic applications. However, their exposure and reproductive toxicity is unknown. In this study, the effect of the intragastric administration of two different-sized La2O3 particles in the testes of mice for 60 days was investigated. Although the body weight of mice treated or not treated with La2O3 NPs was not different and La2O3 NPs were distributed in the organs including the testis, liver, kidney, spleen, heart and brain. La2O3 NPs accumulate more than micro-sized La2O3 (MPs) in mice testes. The histopathological evaluation showed that moderate reproductive toxicity induced by La2O3 NPs in the testicle tissues. Furthermore, increased MDA, 8-OHdG levels and decreased SOD activities were detected in the La2O3 NP-treated groups. Moreover, qRT-PCR and western blotting data indicated that La2O3 NPs affecting the blood-testis barrier (BTB)-related genes in mice testes. Taken together, these findings suggested that La2O3 NPs activated inflammation responses and cross the BTB in the murine testes. This study provided useful information for risk analysis and regulation of La2O3 NPs by administrative agencies.


Assuntos
Lantânio/administração & dosagem , Lantânio/toxicidade , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Óxidos/administração & dosagem , Óxidos/toxicidade , Tamanho da Partícula , Reprodução/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração Oral , Animais , Barreira Hematotesticular/metabolismo , Desoxiadenosinas/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação , Lantânio/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/administração & dosagem , Camundongos , Óxidos/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Testículo/metabolismo , Distribuição Tecidual
11.
Chemosphere ; 255: 127041, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32679635

RESUMO

Microplastics pollution in farmlands has become a major concern. However, few studies have assessed the effects of microplastics on higher plants. In this study, we investigated the influence of polystyrene nanoplastics (PSNPs, 50 mg L-1), with four different particle sizes (100, 300, 500, and 700 nm), on the physiological and biochemical indexes of cucumber leaves. The biomass of cucumber plants significantly decreased after exposure to 300 nm PSNPs. Similarly, the chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, soluble sugar, carotenoid, and proline content, as well as the fluorescence of cucumber leaves were significantly reduced by 100 nm PSNPs. Malondialdehyde, proline, peroxidase gene expression and enzyme activity, and hydrogen peroxide content significantly increased in cucumber leaves exposed to 700 nm PSNPs. In addition, increasing PSNPs particle size led to decreased relative expression levels and activities of the major antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase and catalase, while vitamin C and soluble protein content significantly increased. Overall, our results indicated that PSNPs affect the photosynthetic, antioxidant, and sugar metabolism systems of cucumber leaves, with the latter clearly affecting the total biomass of cucumber plants. The benzene ring resulting from the degradation of PSNPs in cucumber leaves may be the main factor affecting chlorophyll metabolism and sugar metabolism. Our findings provide a scientific basis for the risk assessment of PSNPs exposure in soil-plant systems.


Assuntos
Cucumis sativus/fisiologia , Poliestirenos/toxicidade , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Carotenoides/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Clorofila , Clorofila A , Cucumis sativus/efeitos dos fármacos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Peroxidases/metabolismo , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Plásticos/metabolismo , Poliestirenos/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
12.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4021-4047, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606662

RESUMO

Purpose: Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease associated with microbial accumulation. The purpose of this study was to reuse the agricultural waste to produce cellulose nanofibers (CNF) and further modification of the CNF with κ-carrageenan oligosaccharides (CO) for drug delivery. In addition, this study is focused on the antimicrobial activity of surfactin-loaded CO-CNF towards periodontal pathogens. Materials and Methods: A chemo-mechanical method was used to extract the CNF and the modification was done by using CO. The studies were further proceeded by adding different quantities of surfactin [50 mg (50 SNPs), 100 mg (100 SNPs), 200 mg (200 SNPs)] into the carrier (CO-CNF). The obtained materials were characterized, and the antimicrobial activity of surfactin-loaded CO-CNF was evaluated. Results: The obtained average size of CNF and CO-CNF after ultrasonication was 263 nm and 330 nm, respectively. Microscopic studies suggested that the CNF has a short diameter with long length and CO became cross-linked to form as beads within the CNF network. The addition of CO improved the degradation temperature, crystallinity, and swelling property of CNF. The material has a controlled drug release, and the entrapment efficiency and loading capacity of the drug were 53.15 ± 2.36% and 36.72 ± 1.24%, respectively. It has antioxidant activity and inhibited the growth of periodontal pathogens such as Streptococcus mutans and Porphyromonas gingivalis by preventing the biofilm formation, reducing the metabolic activity, and promoting the oxidative stress. Conclusion: The study showed the successful extraction of CNF and modification with CO improved the physical parameters of the CNF. In addition, surfactin-loaded CO-CNF has potential antimicrobial activity against periodontal pathogens. The obtained biomaterial is economically valuable and has great potential for biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Carragenina/química , Celulose/química , Lipopeptídeos/química , Nanofibras/química , Peptídeos Cíclicos/química , Periodonto/microbiologia , Animais , Bactérias/metabolismo , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Sobrevivência Celular , Difusão Dinâmica da Luz , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nanofibras/ultraestrutura , Oligossacarídeos/química , Picratos/química , Células RAW 264.7 , Soja/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
13.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4191-4203, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606672

RESUMO

Purpose: To characterize the nanoparticle of antroquinonol from A. cinnamomea and its ameliorative effects on the reproductive dysfunction in the diabetic male rat. Material and Methods: The chitosan-silicate nanoparticle was used as the carrier for the delivery of antroquinonol from solid-state-cultured A. cinnamomea extract (AC). The rats were fed with a high-fat diet and intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin to induce diabetes. The rats were daily oral gavage by water [Diabetes (DM) and Control groups], three different doses of chitosan-silicate nanoparticle of antroquinonol from solid-state-cultured A. cinnamomea (nano-SAC, NAC): (DM+NAC1x, 4 mg/kg of body weight; DM+NAC2x, 8 mg/kg; and DM+NAC5x, 20 mg/kg), solid-state-cultured AC (DM+AC5x, 20 mg/kg), or metformin (DM+Met, 200 mg/kg) for 7 weeks. Results: The nano-SAC size was 37.68±5.91 nm, the zeta potential was 4.13±0.49 mV, encapsulation efficiency was 79.29±0.77%, and loading capacity was 32.45±0.02%. The nano-SAC can improve diabetes-induced reproductive dysfunction by regulating glucose, insulin, and oxidative enzyme and by increasing the level of testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and sperm count as well as sperm mobility. In testicular histopathology, the seminiferous tubules of A. cinnamomea-supplemented diabetic rats showed similar morphology with the control group. Conclusion: The nanoparticle of antroquinonol from Antrodia cinnamomea can be used as an effective strategy to improve diabetes-induced testicular dysfunction.


Assuntos
Antrodia/química , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Nanopartículas/química , Reprodução , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Animais , Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Jejum/sangue , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Humanos , Insulina/efeitos adversos , Insulina/sangue , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/fisiopatologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Estreptozocina , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/patologia , Ubiquinona/farmacologia , Ubiquinona/uso terapêutico
14.
Food Chem ; 333: 127527, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32683263

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to develop a novel fermented soybean food (FSF) using selected Bacillus subtilis GD1, Bacillus subtilis N4, Bacillus velezensis GZ1, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus and Hansenula anomala, as well as to assess its antioxidant and anti-fatigue activity. These Bacillus strains had excellent enzyme producing and soybean transformation capacity. FSF showed the highest peptide, total phenol, total flavonoid content, antioxidant activity, and suitable organic acid and biological amine content. In intense exercise mice, FSF treatment markedly increased hepatic glycogen level, decreased metabolite accumulation, improved the activities of antioxidant enzymes and decreased malondialdehyde (MDA) level in serum and liver, respectively. Furthermore, FSF treatment increased nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and antioxidant response element (ARE)-dependent gene expression. Together, the selection of microbial starter culture and mixed culture fermentation are essential for the effective enrichment of bioactive compounds, and FSF has stronger antioxidant and anti-fatigue activity.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Bacillus/metabolismo , Alimentos e Bebidas Fermentados/análise , Lactobacillus/metabolismo , Pichia/metabolismo , Soja/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Bacillus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Fadiga/metabolismo , Fadiga/patologia , Flavonoides/análise , Glicogênio/metabolismo , Lactobacillus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/sangue , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenóis/análise , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Pichia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Soja/química
15.
Aquat Toxicol ; 226: 105559, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32652412

RESUMO

High nitrate (NO3--N) concentration is a growing aquatic risk concern worldwide. However, adverse effects of high NO3--N concentration on submerged macrophytes-epiphytic biofilms are unclear. In this study, the alterations in physiological changes, biofilms formation and chemical compositions were investigated on leaves of Vallisneria asiatica exposed to different NO3--N concentrations. The findings showed that 10 mg L-1NO3--N resulted in low photosynthetic efficiency by inhibiting chlorophyll content 26.2 % and decreased intrinsic efficiency of photosystem II significantly at 14th day post treatment. Malondialdehyde, several antioxidant enzyme activities (i.e., superoxide dismutase, peroxidase and catalase), and secondary metabolites (i.e., phenolic compounds and anthocyanin) were all significantly up-regulated with 10 mg L-1NO3--N, implied oxidative stress were stimulated. However, no significant alterations in these indicators were observed with 5 mg L-1NO3--N. Compared to control, 10 mg L-1NO3--N concentration significantly stimulated microbes growth in biofilm and reduced the roughness of leaf-biofilms surface, but it had little effect on the biofilms distribution (from single clone to blocks) as revealed by scanning electron microscope and multifractal analysis. Results from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis showed that the percentage of P, Cl, K and the ratio of O1 (-O-) /O2 (C = O) were higher in leaves of control than treatments with 10 mg L-1NO3--N, indicating that 10 mg L-1NO3--N concentration exhibited significant inhibition of chemical activity and nutrient uptake of the leaf surfaces. Overall, these results demonstrated that high NO3--N does stimulate the biofilm growth and can cause negative impacts on submerged macrophytes growth.


Assuntos
Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Hydrocharitaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Nitratos/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Catalase/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Hydrocharitaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Hydrocharitaceae/metabolismo , Hydrocharitaceae/microbiologia , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Peroxidases/metabolismo , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/microbiologia , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
16.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235614, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32678819

RESUMO

Both MicroRNAs and HMGB1 took part in pathological process of myocardial I/R injury though several signaling pathways. We hypothesized that mircoRNA451 (miR-451), a group of small non-coding RNAs, could improve this injury by inhibiting HMGB1. Male SD rats were randomly distributed into 5 groups and subjected to I/R process. After 24 hours of reperfusion injury, the serum content of CK and LDH, the content of MDA in tissue and activity of SOD were detected; The infarcted areas were defined by TTC staining and Evans Blue; TUNEL staining and cleaved-Caspase 3 were used to test apoptosis; HMGB1 was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western Blotting. Compared with the I/R and I/R+Ad-GFP group, upregulation of miR-451 could reduce the infarcted areas, cardiomyocytes apoptosis index, expression of cleaved-caspase 3 and content of CK and LDH significantly(P<0.05); Meanwhile, upregulation of miR-451 could also obviously inhibit HMGB1, the increase of MDA and the decrease of SOD (P<0.05). So this study revealed that upregulation of miR-451 could prevent myocardial I/R injury by suppressing HMGB1.


Assuntos
Proteína HMGB1/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
17.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236251, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692754

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of kaempferol and zinc gluconate on neurobehavioural and oxidative stress changes in Wistar rats exposed to noise. Thirty (30) rats were randomly divided into five groups: Groups I and II were administered with deionized water (DW); Group III, kaempferol (K); Group IV, zinc gluconate (Zn); Group V, kaempferol + zinc gluconate. Groups II, III, IV, and V were subjected to noise stress (N) induced by exposing rats to 100 dB (4 h/day) for 15 days, from day 33 to day 48 after starting the drug treatments. Neuromuscular coordination, motor coordination, motor strength, sensorimotor reflex, and learning and memory, were evaluated using standard laboratory methods. Levels of nitric oxide (NO), malondialdehyde (MDA) and activities of glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were evaluated in the hippocampus. Exposure of rats to noise, induced significant neurobehavioural deficits and oxidative stress while the combined administration of kaempferol and zinc gluconate significantly (P < 0.05) improved open-field performance, motor coordination, motor strength, sensorimotor reflex, and learning and memory. Co-administration of kaempferol and zinc gluconate ameliorated noise-induced oxidative stress as demonstrated by the significantly increased activities of GPx, catalase, and SOD, and decreased levels of NO and MDA (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01 respectively), compared to the DW + N group. Our results suggest that oxidative stress, evidenced by increased NO and MDA concentration and decreased activities of GPx, catalase and SOD, were involved in the molecular mechanism underlying neurobehavioural impairment in Wistar rats, exposed to noise stress. Single treatment of kaempferol exerted a more potent mitigative effect than zinc gluconate, while their combination produced an improved outcome.


Assuntos
Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/patologia , Gluconatos/farmacologia , Quempferóis/farmacologia , Ruído/efeitos adversos , Animais , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Memória/efeitos dos fármacos , Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos , Junção Neuromuscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Junção Neuromuscular/fisiopatologia , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Wistar , Reflexo/efeitos dos fármacos , Zinco/farmacologia
18.
Chem Biol Interact ; 328: 109197, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32710900

RESUMO

The present study was undertaken to assess the effect of imatinib mesylate; a tyrosine kinase inhibitor and a well-known anticancer with numerous medical benefits on blood sugar levels, insulin, and glucagon secretion in an experimental model of STZ-induced diabetes mellitus. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) was induced by a single I.P. injection of Streptozotocin (STZ) (50 mg/kg) in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Daily oral imatinib (10 mg/kg) and (20 mg/kg) for 4 weeks induced a significant attenuation in signs of DM in rats reflected in their assessed lab values. Biomarkers of cell injury, tissue necrosis, and apoptosis; caspase-3 were significantly reduced with imatinib treatment. Furthermore, pancreatic antioxidants defenses of which; superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase activities, reduced glutathione (GSH) concentration, and total antioxidant capacity have significantly improved with a simultaneous reduction in malondialdehyde (MDA) content. Histopathologically, imatinib treatment was associated with a minimal pancreatic injury and marked restoration of insulin content in ß-cells. Moreover, imatinib treatment revealed a significant reduction in the infiltration of macrophages in ß-cells. Imatinib's ameliorative impact on DM may be attributed to it's mediated protection and preservation of pancreatic ß-cells function and the improvement in serum insulin levels and hence the improvement of blood glucose and overall glycemic control.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Mesilato de Imatinib/farmacologia , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Administração Oral , Animais , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/metabolismo , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/sangue , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Glucagon/sangue , Glutationa/metabolismo , Insulina/sangue , Células Secretoras de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estreptozocina , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
19.
J Environ Sci Health B ; 55(9): 803-812, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32602772

RESUMO

Organophosphorus pesticides induce gender-specific developmental neurotoxicity after birth, especially in adolescents and adults. However, whether and when the selectivity occurs in fetus remains unclear. In this study, we analyzed chlorpyrifos (CPF)-induced neurotoxicity in the early fetal brains of male and female mice. The gestational dams were administered 0, 1, 3, and 5 mg/(kg.d) CPF during gestational days (GD)7-11, and brains from the fetuses were isolated and analyzed on GD12. Fetal gender was identified by PCR technique based on male-specific Sry gene and Myog control gene. The body weight and head weight, the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), and the content of malondialdehyde (MDA), as well as the oxidative stress-related gene expression were examined. Our results showed that CPF pretreatment induced AChE inhibition in GD12 fetal brain. CPF treatment activated SOD and GPX but not CAT and MDA. For oxidative stress-related gene expression, CPF pretreatment increased mRNA expression of Sod1, Cat, Gpx1, and Gpx2 in the fetal brain on GD12. The statistical analysis did not show gender-selective CPF-induced toxicity. Moreover, our results showed that although the gestational exposure to CPF could elicit abnormalities in the early fetal brain, the toxicity observed was not gender-specific.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/embriologia , Clorpirifos/toxicidade , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Animais , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Catalase/genética , Catalase/metabolismo , Inibidores da Colinesterase/toxicidade , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/etiologia , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Fatores Sexuais , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Testes de Toxicidade/métodos
20.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236588, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706804

RESUMO

Xanthoceras sorbifolia, a medicinal and oil-rich woody plant, has great potential for biodiesel production. However, little study explores the link between gene expression level and metabolite accumulation of X. sorbifolia in response to cold stress. Herein, we performed both transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses of X. sorbifolia seedlings to investigate the regulatory mechanism of resistance to low temperature (4 °C) based on physiological profile analyses. Cold stress resulted in a significant increase in the malondialdehyde content, electrolyte leakage and activity of antioxidant enzymes. A total of 1,527 common differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified, of which 895 were upregulated and 632 were downregulated. Annotation of DEGs revealed that amino acid metabolism, glycolysis/gluconeogenesis, starch and sucrose metabolism, galactose metabolism, fructose and mannose metabolism, and the citrate cycle (TCA) were strongly affected by cold stress. In addition, DEGs within the plant mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway and TF families of ERF, WRKY, NAC, MYB, and bHLH were transcriptionally activated. Through metabolomic analysis, we found 51 significantly changed metabolites, particularly with the analysis of primary metabolites, such as sugars, amino acids, and organic acids. Moreover, there is an overlap between transcript and metabolite profiles. Association analysis between key genes and altered metabolites indicated that amino acid metabolism and sugar metabolism were enhanced. A large number of specific cold-responsive genes and metabolites highlight a comprehensive regulatory mechanism, which will contribute to a deeper understanding of the highly complex regulatory program under cold stress in X. sorbifolia.


Assuntos
Resposta ao Choque Frio/genética , Metaboloma , Metabolômica/métodos , Sapindaceae/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Temperatura Baixa , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/genética , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Análise de Componente Principal , RNA de Plantas/genética , RNA de Plantas/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sapindaceae/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA