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1.
Agri ; 33(Suppl 1): 1-51, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Turco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523457

RESUMO

Satisfactory pain relief is a fundamental right of every patient suffering from pain. Despite the developments on pharmachologic treatment modalities and interventions for pain control, inadequacy of postoperative pain management is still a major problem. After surgical intervention, 66% of patients experience moderate to severe pain during discharge, 9% after two weeks. Untreated postoperative pain may lead to prolonged hospital stay, increased intensive care needs, development of chronic pain, and reduced the patients quality of life. In the following guideline all aspects of postoperative pain briefly evaluated. The clinical practice of postoperative analgesia, recommendations, the diagnosis, assessment and pharmachologic treatment of acute postoperative pain with the current available agents in Turkey are discussed in this article. Our aim is to promote awareness of effective, and safe postoperative pain management strategies to meet the needs of the patients; minor patient groups, such as paediatric population, pregnant patients, elderly, patient with high body mass index and covid 19 diesease. Despite all the recommendations, any guidelines special cases where standard modalities fail to treat postoperative pain management as in patients with chronic pain who previously used opioids, drug addicts, the patient should be consulted with an pain specialist.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Manejo da Dor/normas , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(3): e23978, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545983

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Medial compartment femoro-tibial osteoarthritis (OA) is a common disease and opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) is the common surgical procedure carried out for these patients. While most researchers are focusing on the surgical techniques during operation, the aim of this study is to evaluate the pain control effect of femoral nerve block (FNB) for OWHTO patients. METHODS: In this prospective, single-center, randomized controlled trial (RCT) study, 41 patients were operated on by OWHTO for OA during 2017 to 2018. Twenty of them (group A) accepted epidural anesthesia with FNB and 21 patients (group B) only had their single epidural anesthesia. All blocks were successful and all the 41 patients recruited were included in the analysis and there was no loss to follow-up or withdrawal. Systematic records of visual analog scores (VAS), quadriceps strength, mean number of times of patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA), using of additional opioids or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and complications were done after hospitalization. The Student t test and Chi-Squared test was used and all P values ≤.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: VAS scores at rest (3.48 ±â€Š1.0 vs 4.68 ±â€Š1.1) and on movemment (4.51 ±â€Š0.6 vs 4.97 ±â€Š0.8) decreased more in group A than group B with significance at follow-up of 12 hours. The quadriceps strength, consumption of additional opioids or NSAID injections and mean number of times that the patients pushed the PCIA button didnot differ significantly within each group. CONCLUSION: This RCT study shows that FNB in patients undergoing OWHTO for unicompartmental osteoarthritis of the knee could result in significant reduction in VAS scores at 12 hours postoperatively.Research registry, Researchregistry4792. Registered April 7, 2019 - Retrospectively registered, http://www.researchregistry.com.


Assuntos
Nervo Femoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Bloqueio Nervoso/normas , Manejo da Dor/normas , Tíbia/cirurgia , Feminino , Nervo Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Bloqueio Nervoso/estatística & dados numéricos , Osteotomia/efeitos adversos , Osteotomia/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Manejo da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Tíbia/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(2): e24102, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466179

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Music therapy and music-based interventions have been used widely in numerous medical procedures to reduce the physical and psychological disorders. However, the effect of music therapy on pain relief in hemodialysis patients still remains unclear. METHODS: Electronic databases were comprehensively searched through MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, Cochrane, and WANFANG. All studies met inclusion criteria were eligible for systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical variables were extracted and pooled results were obtained using STATA software. RESULTS: A total of 10 studies with 722 participants were included for systematic review. Overall, music therapy showed a significantly favorable effect on reducing pain for patients undergoing hemodialysis (SMD: -0.90, 95%CIs: -1.25 to -0.55, P < .001). No publication bias was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Music-based interventions could significantly relieve pain for patients undergoing hemodialysis, which should be promoted as an effective and safe complementary method.


Assuntos
Musicoterapia/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Ansiedade/terapia , Humanos , Musicoterapia/normas , Manejo da Dor/psicologia , Manejo da Dor/normas , Diálise Renal/métodos
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(2): e24179, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Migraine is a clinically high incidence rate of neurovascular disease. It is a recurrent headache. It is characterized by nausea, vomiting, fear of voice, and photophobia. Nowadays, a large number of randomized controlled clinical studies have shown that Chinese patent medicine has the advantages of good curative effect and high safety in the treatment of migraine. However, due to the variety of proprietary Chinese medicines, their relative effectiveness and safety have not yet been verified. Therefore, this study will use the network meta-analysis method to verify the effectiveness and safety of different kinds of Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of migraine. METHODS: All randomized controlled trials of Toutongning capsule, Yangxue Qingnao granule, naoxintong capsules, Tianmagouteng granules in the treatment of migraine were searched from PubMed, Cochrane Library, web of science, EMBASE, sinomed, CNKI, Wanfang database, VIP. The retrieval time is from the establishment of the database to November 18, 2020. In order to avoid omission, we will manually retrieve relevant references and conference papers. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, we evaluated the quality and risk of all the retrieved literatures. Methodological quality assessment and bias risk will be assessed using the Cochrane bias risk tool. Revman 5.3, WinBUGS 1.4.3, and stata14.2 software will be used for all data analysis. RESULTS: This study will directly or indirectly compare the effectiveness of different interventions on migraine outcome indicators, and rank the effectiveness. The main outcome measures included total effective rate (total effective rate = rocovery + obvious effective + effective/total number of cases × 100%), visual analogue scale (VAS) score, and secondary outcome indicators included analgesic effect evaluation index and quality of life scale. CONCLUSION: To provide evidence for evidence-based medicine and clinical researchers to choose more effective Chinese patent medicines to treat migraine.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/normas , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Medicamentos sem Prescrição/uso terapêutico , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Manejo da Dor/normas , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(1): e24107, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common disabling condition and a heavy financial burden to the society. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is considered to be an effective method in the repair and regeneration of cartilage and alleviate pain in KOA. But the utilising of PRP to treat KOA in clinical has shown variable results from many studies. The objective of this protocol is to determine the efficacy of PRP in pain control and cartilage repair in KOA animal models. METHOD: We will search the following three electronic databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE and Web of Science. The primary outcome will include the histological score of cartilage and pain score. The secondary outcomes will be the behavioural assessments and cartilage thickness. SYRCLE's risk of bias tool will be used to assessment the risk of bias of including studies. The standardized mean difference and 95% confidence interval will be used to calculate the effect of PRP treatment. The I2 inconsistency values will be used to calculated the heterogeneity between studies. RESULTS: The results of this paper will be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal for publication. CONCLUSION: This research will determine the efficacy of PRP of the treatment of knee osteoarthritis model. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020181589.


Assuntos
Cartilagem/efeitos dos fármacos , Protocolos Clínicos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Manejo da Dor/normas , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Animais , Metanálise como Assunto , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Regeneração/efeitos dos fármacos , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
J Urol ; 205(1): 264-270, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749908

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Postoperative opioids are overprescribed in the United States. In November 2016 the State of Pennsylvania required an opioid consent for minors. Our hypothesis is that this mandate decreased postoperative opioid prescriptions in our division. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who received a urological outpatient or minor emergency procedure from August 2015 to August 2019 were identified. Surgeries performed within 6 months after mandate implementation were excluded to account for the transition period. Perioperative data including case type were extracted by a clinical data warehouse from preexisting fields within the health record. The frequencies of postoperative prescriptions, delayed prescriptions and emergency department encounters were assessed. A multivariable logistic regression to identify predictors of opioid prescription at discharge was performed. RESULTS: A total of 4,349 patients were analyzed. The frequency of postsurgical opioid prescriptions decreased from 45.3% to 2.6% (p <0.001). The median morphine milligram equivalent decreased by 22.5 among children prescribed an opioid (p <0.001). Rates of an emergency department visits (3% vs 2.7%) or delayed nonopioid prescriptions (0.8% vs 1.2%) within 30 days of discharge were unchanged (p >0.05). Fewer patients received a delayed opioid prescription after mandate implementation (0.03% vs 0.5%, p <0.001). Female patients were less likely (OR 0.309, 95% CI 0.195-0.491; p <0.001) to receive opioids prior to but not after the mandate (OR 0.309, 95% CI 0.544-2.035; p=0.122). Increasing age was predictive of receiving an opioid before (OR 1.187, 95% CI 1.157-1.218; p <0.001) and after (OR 1.241, 95% CI 1.186-1.299; p <0.001) the mandate. CONCLUSIONS: A state mandated opioid consent for minors greatly reduced post-urological surgery opioid prescription rates without increasing rates of readmission or delayed prescriptions.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/legislação & jurisprudência , Manejo da Dor/normas , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/efeitos adversos , Analgésicos Opioides/normas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Uso de Medicamentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Uso de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Tratamento de Emergência/efeitos adversos , Tratamento de Emergência/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/normas , Masculino , Epidemia de Opioides/prevenção & controle , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Pennsylvania , Padrões de Prática Médica/legislação & jurisprudência , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Governo Estadual , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos , Urologistas/legislação & jurisprudência , Urologistas/normas , Urologistas/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(51): e23867, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371172

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of modular transitional nursing intervention on the improvement of self-management of the patients with cancer pain. METHOD: This study will be conducted from March 2021 to May 2022 at Affiliated Hospital of Beihua University. The experiment was granted through the Research Ethics Committee of Affiliated Hospital of Beihua University (4348-019). Eighty patients are analyzed in our study. The patients will be included if they are between 18 and 70 years old and are diagnosed with cancer, the pain intensity score on moderate level, the pain lasts for more than 3 days, and the patients who have signed the written informed consent. While the patients will be excluded if they have a documented history of drug or alcohol abuse, and patients with limited performance, and patients have a surgery in the past 3 days. The primary result mainly expresses as intergroup differences in self-management disorders (Barriers Questionnaire-II) associated with the cancer pain. And the secondary results include the quality of life (QOL) and pain intensity. All the analyses are implemented with SPSS for Windows Version 20.0. RESULTS: Table 1 will show the clinical outcomes between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: A modular transitional nursing intervention appears to reduce pain in cancer patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: researchregistry6262.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/enfermagem , Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Manejo da Dor/normas , Autogestão/psicologia , Protocolos Clínicos , Humanos , Neoplasias/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Manejo da Dor/psicologia , Autogestão/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(46): e22540, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181643

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Wound infiltration analgesia provides effective postoperative pain control in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). However, the efficacy and safety of wound infiltration with different doses of ropivacaine is not well defined. This study investigated the analgesic effects and pharmacokinetic profile of varying concentrations of ropivacaine at port sites under laparoscopy assistance. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blinded study, 132 patients were assigned to 4 groups: Group H: in which patients were infiltrated with 0.75% ropivacaine; Group M: 0.5% ropivacaine; Group L: 0.2% ropivacaine; and Group C: 0.9% normal saline only. The primary outcome was pain intensity estimated using numeric rating scale (NRS) at discharging from PACU and at 4 hours, 6 hours, 8 hours, and 24 hours after infiltration. Secondary outcomes included plasma concentrations of ropivacaine at 30 minutes after wound infiltration, rescue analgesia requirements after surgery, perioperative vital signs changes, and side effects. RESULTS: The NRS in Group C was significantly higher at rest, and when coughing upon leaving PACU and at 4 hours, 6 hours, 8 hours, and 24 hours after infiltration (P < .05) and rescue analgesic consumption was significantly higher. Notably, these parameters were not significantly different between Groups H, Group M and Group L (P > .05). Intra-operative consumption of sevoflurane and remifentanil, HR at skin incision and MAP at skin incision, as well as 5 minutes after skin incision were significantly higher in Group C than in the other 3 groups (P < .01). In contrast, these parameters were not significantly different between Groups H, Group M and Group L (P > .05). The concentration of ropivacaine at 30 minutes after infiltration in Group H was significantly higher than that of Group L and Group M (P < .05). No significant differences were observed in the occurrence of side effects among the 4 groups (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopy-assisted wound infiltration with ropivacaine successfully decreases pain intensity in patients undergoing LC regardless of the doses used. Infiltration with higher doses results in higher plasma concentrations, but below the systematic toxicity threshold.


Assuntos
Anestesia Local/normas , Manejo da Dor/normas , Ropivacaina/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Anestesia Local/métodos , Anestesia Local/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Anestésicos Locais/uso terapêutico , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/métodos , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/estatística & dados numéricos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Manejo da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição da Dor/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Ropivacaina/uso terapêutico
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(46): e23242, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a worldwide disease and more and more people are suffered from it. With the increasing number of patients, it brings a huge burden on social economy and security system. There are varieties of methods to cure KOA, such as Traditional Chinese Medicine and surgery. Needle knife therapy plus Sodium hyaluronate Injection is one of the prevalent treatments for KOA. Therefore, we perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the evidence for the treatment of needle knife therapy plus sodium hyaluronate Injection. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials will be used to compare the effect of needle knife therapy plus sodium hyaluronate injection with needle knife alone for KOA patients. Six studies will be included in this meta-analysis, and the relative risk and weight mean difference with 95% CI for the Lysholm knee score, visual analogue scale, and effective rate will be evaluated by using RevMan 5.3 software. Besides, the bias assessment of the included studies will be evaluated using the Cochrane risk of bias tool, and the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment Development, and Evaluation system will be applied to assess the overall quality of the evidence. RESULTS: From the study we will assess the effectiveness, safety of needle knife therapy plus sodium hyaluronate injection on joint pain relief and functional improvement in patients with KOA. CONCLUSION: The study will provide a new evidence to confirm the effect of needle knife therapy plus sodium hyaluronate injection on KOA, which can further guide the selection of therapy. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020169602.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Ácido Hialurônico/uso terapêutico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia por Acupuntura/normas , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico/administração & dosagem , Injeções Intra-Articulares/métodos , Injeções Intra-Articulares/normas , Metanálise como Assunto , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Manejo da Dor/normas , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(46): e23279, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) is widely used in analgesia for different conditions. Recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have evaluated the effects of MgSO4 on renal colic; however, this new evidence has not been synthesized. Thus, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of MgSO4 in comparison with control for renal colic. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus databases were searched from inception to February 2020. We included RCTs that evaluated MgSO4 vs control for patients with renal colic. Data were independently extracted by 2 reviewers and synthesized using a random-effects model. RESULTS: Four studies with a total of 373 patients were analyzed. Intravenous MgSO4 15 to 50 mg/kg did not significantly reduce renal colic pain severity at 15 minutes (mean difference [MD] = 0.35, 95% confidence interval [CI] -0.51 to 1.21; 2 RCTs), 30 minutes (MD = 0.19, 95% CI -0.74 to 1.13; 4 RCTs), and 60 minutes (MD = -0.28, 95% CI -0.72 to 0.16; 3 RCTs) in comparison with controls. In patients who failed to respond to initial analgesics, intravenous MgSO4 15 mg/kg or 2 ml of 50% solution provided similar pain relief to ketorolac or morphine at 30 minutes (P = .90) and 60 minutes (P = .57). No significant hemodynamic changes were observed with short-term use of MgSO4 in these studies. CONCLUSION: MgSO4 provides no superior therapeutic benefits in comparison with control treatments. MgSO4 may be used as a rescue medication in patients not responding to initial analgesics. The short-term use of MgSO4 did not affect hemodynamic values.


Assuntos
Sulfato de Magnésio/normas , Manejo da Dor/normas , Cólica Renal/tratamento farmacológico , Analgésicos/farmacologia , Analgésicos/normas , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Sulfato de Magnésio/farmacologia , Sulfato de Magnésio/uso terapêutico , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Manejo da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(44): e22871, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a common complaint in the general population. Despite the consistent ongoing pain and the resulting economic burden on affected individuals, there have only been a few studies investigating the treatment of acute neck pain. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness, safety, and cost-effectiveness of the motion style acupuncture treatment (MSAT) and acupuncture treatment for acute neck pain. METHODS: This 2-armed, parallel, multi-centered randomized controlled trial will be conducted at 4 community-based hospitals in Korea. A total of 128 subjects will be randomly assigned, at a 1:1 ratio, to the MSAT and the acupuncture treatment groups. Treatment will be administered 2 to 3 times a week for 2 weeks. The primary outcome will be the visual analog scale of neck pain on movement. The secondary outcomes will be the numeric rating scale of the neck, neck disability index, Northwick Park questionnaire, patient global impression of change, range of motion of the neck, 5-level EuroQol-5 dimension, 12-item Short-Form Health Survey, and EuroQol visual analogue scale. This protocol has been registered at the Clinicaltrials.gov (NCT04539184). DISCUSSION: To our knowledge, this study is the first well-designed multi-centered randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness, safety, and cost-effectiveness of MSAT on acute neck pain. The results of this study will be useful for clinicians in primary medical institutions that frequently treat acute neck pain patients and for policymakers working with national health insurance.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Cervicalgia/terapia , Manejo da Dor/economia , Manejo da Dor/normas , Resultado do Tratamento , Terapia por Acupuntura/economia , Terapia por Acupuntura/normas , Dor Aguda/psicologia , Dor Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Análise Custo-Benefício , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cervicalgia/psicologia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Medição da Dor/métodos , República da Coreia , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Ann Emerg Med ; 76(3S): S6-S11, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928464

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute evidence-based guidelines for timeliness of opioid administration for sickle cell disease (SCD) pain crises recommend an initial opioid within 1 hour of arrival, with subsequent dosing every 30 minutes until pain is controlled. No multisite studies have evaluated guideline adherence, to our knowledge. Our objective was to determine guideline adherence across a multicenter network. METHODS: We conducted a multiyear cross-sectional analysis of children with SCD who presented between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2018, to 7 emergency departments (EDs) within the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network. Visits for uncomplicated pain crisis were included, defined with an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) and ICD-10 code for SCD crisis and receipt of an opioid, excluding visits with other SCD complications or temperature exceeding 38.5°C (101.3°F). Times were extracted from the electronic record. Guideline adherence was assessed across sites and calendar years. RESULTS: A total of 4,578 visits were included. The median time to first opioid receipt was 62 minutes (interquartile range 42 to 93 minutes); between the first and second opioid receipt, 60 minutes (interquartile range 39 to 93 minutes). Overall, 48% of visits (95% confidence interval 47% to 50%) were guideline adherent for first opioid. Of 3,538 visits with a second opioid, 15% (95% confidence interval 14% to 16%) were guideline adherent. Site variation in adherence existed for time to first opioid (range 22% to 70%) and time between first and second opioid (range 2% to 36%; both P<.001). There was no change in timeliness to first dose or time between doses across years (P>.05 for both). CONCLUSION: Guideline adherence for timeliness of SCD treatment is poor, with half of visits adherent for time to first opioid and one seventh adherent for second dose. Dissemination and implementation research/quality improvement efforts are critical to improve care across EDs.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Anemia Falciforme/terapia , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Aguda/etiologia , Adolescente , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Anemia Falciforme/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/normas , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Manejo da Dor/normas , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos
15.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(9): 733-736, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32808802

RESUMO

Children provided with general anaesthesia for dental extractions at East Surrey Hospital were audited to determine the percentage of children who were prescribed adequate pain management in accordance with guidance published by the Association of Paediatric Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland. Three audit cycles were completed. Data were collected retrospectively through case note review. The results from the first cycle showed that only 47% of children were prescribed with a recommended analgesic regimen. Implementation of change included the development of a protocol for analgesic delivery, which was disseminated to the anaesthetic and dental teams. Full compliance with the audit standards was then demonstrated in the second and third cycles. This audit demonstrates the importance of multidisciplinary collaboration in order to provide high standards of care for children undergoing dental extractions under general anaesthesia. The protocol developed could be applied to other surgical day case procedures for children to improve the patient experience.


Assuntos
Anestesia Dentária/métodos , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Extração Dentária/métodos , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Anestesia Dentária/normas , Anestesia Geral/normas , Criança , Protocolos Clínicos , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Humanos , Manejo da Dor/normas , Medição da Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Extração Dentária/normas
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(32): e21611, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769919

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) affects approximately 51% to 57% of hospital nurses and nurses' aides in Europe. New high-risk groups include home- and long-term-care nurses and physiotherapists. A number of European countries are experiencing a shortage of healthcare workers. Light therapy has been shown to be an effective treatment for various musculoskeletal disorders, including lateral epicondylitis, temporomandibular joint pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, and delayed-onset muscle soreness. A systematic review and meta-analysis demonstrated that low-level laser therapy is an effective method for relieving non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). However, the efficacy of light-emitting diode (LED) therapy for NSCLBP is disputed. This study aims to evaluate the effect of LED therapy on NSCLBP. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We conducted a prospective, double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial of 148 patients with NSCLBP. The patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups: intervention group, where patients received LED photobiomodulation therapy 3 times a week for 2 weeks, and the sham group, where patients had sham therapy 3 times a week for 2 weeks. Primary outcome measures included the visual analog scale for pain, lumbar active range of motion assessments, and chair-rising times. Secondary outcome measures included a multidimensional fatigue inventory, fear-avoidance beliefs questionnaire, and the Oswestry disability index. The outcome measures were assessed before therapy and 2weeks, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 12 weeks, and 6 months after the first interventions were completed. DISCUSSION: This study is a prospective, single-center, double-blind, randomized, controlled study. This study aims to research the efficacy of a 2-week LED program for NSCLBP working nurse. Our results will be useful for patients, working nurses, nurses' aides, and other healthcare workers with chronic low back pain. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04424823.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos , Dor Lombar/terapia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/normas , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Dor Crônica/terapia , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/instrumentação , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Manejo da Dor/normas , Medição da Dor/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Escala Visual Analógica
17.
Pain Physician ; 23(4): 413-422, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine and appreciate characteristics of malpractice lawsuits brought against interventional pain specialists. OBJECTIVES: To examine and appreciate characteristics of malpractice lawsuits brought against interventional pain specialists. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Jury verdicts and settlement reports of state and federal malpractice cases involving interventional pain practitioners from January 1, 1988, to January 1, 2018 were gathered from the Westlaw online legal database. METHODS: Jury verdicts and settlement reports of state and federal malpractice cases involving interventional pain practitioners from January 1, 1988, to January 1, 2018 were gathered from the Westlaw online legal database. Data collected for each case included year, state, patient age, patient gender, defendant specialty, legal outcome, award amount, alleged cause of malpractice, and factors in plaintiff's decision to file. After elimination of duplicates and applying inclusion/exclusion criteria to our initial search yielding over 1,500 cases, a total of 82 cases were included in this study. RESULTS: A total of 57.3% of cases resulted in a jury verdict in favor of the defendant, whereas 41.5% favored the plaintiff. When comparing cases that were performed in the operating room to cases performed outside the operating room, we found the jury verdicts to favor the plaintiff 83.3% of the time for operating room procedures (P = 0.003). In other words, interventional pain practitioners were more likely to be found at fault for complications from procedures performed in the operating room. To eliminate confounders, a logistical regression was performed and confirmed operating room procedures were an independent predictor of a verdict awarded to the plaintiff (P = 0.008). The median amount awarded to the plaintiff for all cases was $333,000, and the single highest award amount was $36,636,288. The median payout for operating room procedures was $450,000 (P = 0.010), which was significantly different from the median payout for nonoperating room procedures. Procedure categorization demonstrated a statistically significant difference in jury verdicts (P = 0.01411) and procedural error was the leading reason for pursuing litigation, followed by lack of informed consent and unnecessary procedure performed. LIMITATIONS: There is more than one database that captures medicolegal claims brought against practitioners. Westlaw, which has been previously utilized by other studies, is only one of them and the extent to which overlap exists in unclear. For each, data input are not necessarily consistent and data capture are not complete. As a result, there could exist a skew toward more severe complications and the details of individual cases likely vary. During data extraction, we found that all details of the procedure were not always included. For example, not all cases specified the type of injectate utilized for epidural injection (i.e., local anesthetic, steroid, mixture, and others) or route of injection (i.e., transforaminal vs. interlaminar). Moreover, as previously mentioned, cases that are settled out of court or finalized prior to trial are not necessarily reported by the Westlaw database, and therefore were not always included in our data search. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, interventional pain medicine physicians were favored by jury verdicts for malpractice claims. However, when filtering by procedure or setting, jury verdicts favored the plaintiff in some cases. KEY WORDS: Interventional pain, medical, malpractice, anesthesiology.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia/legislação & jurisprudência , Governo Federal , Imperícia/legislação & jurisprudência , Manejo da Dor/normas , Dor/epidemiologia , Governo Estadual , Adulto , Anestesiologia/métodos , Anestesiologia/normas , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Anestésicos Locais/efeitos adversos , Bases de Dados Factuais/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Epidurais/métodos , Injeções Epidurais/normas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor/efeitos adversos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
18.
Pain Physician ; 23(4): E343-E352, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The BenchMarket Medical (BMM) Vertebral Compression Fracture (VCF) Registry, now known as Talosix, is a collaborative effort between Talosix (the authorized registry vendor), Noridian Healthcare Solutions, and clinicians to gather outcomes evidence for cement augmentation treatments in patients with acute painful osteoporotic VCFs. The VCF Registry was designed to provide outcomes evidence to inform the Medicare payer's "coverage with evidence development" decision to authorize reimbursement for cement augmentation treatments. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article was to present a pathway for appropriate use of vertebral augmentation based on the findings of the VCF Registry. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational data, including patient characteristics, diagnosis, process of care, and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) for pain and function, were collected from patients undergoing cement augmentation treatment. The PROs were collected at baseline, 1, 3, and 6 months following the procedure. SETTING: The VCF Registry is a national ongoing registry with no specified end time or designated sample size. METHODS: Primary outcomes were pain improvement measured using the Numeric Rating Scale and function improvement, measured using the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ). Secondary outcomes included cement leakage, new neurologic deficits, adverse events, readmissions, and death. RESULTS: The VCF Registry delivered outcomes data to support Noridian's "coverage with evidence development" decision. A total of 732 patients were included in this study. Registry outcomes confirmed postmarket evidence of highly significant pain relief with mean pain score improvement of 6.5/10 points at 6 months. Function also improved significantly with mean RMDQ score change of 11.4/24 points 6 months after surgery. Results also showed the safety and reliability of cement augmentation. LIMITATIONS: The nature of the registry data is that it contains nonrandomized, nonplacebo controlled data and should not be perceived as such. The real-world setting and the large number of patients within the dataset should increase the external validity of the findings. CONCLUSIONS: Cement augmentation treatments of patients with acute painful VCFs reliably results in highly significant benefits of pain decrease and functional improvement for this Medicare population. KEY WORDS: Vertebral compression fractures, osteoporosis, kyphoplasty, back pain, registry.


Assuntos
Cimentos para Ossos , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Cifoplastia/normas , Sistema de Registros , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vertebroplastia/normas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cimentos para Ossos/uso terapêutico , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Fraturas por Compressão/diagnóstico , Fraturas por Compressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Cifoplastia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Osteoporose/cirurgia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Manejo da Dor/normas , Medição da Dor/métodos , Medição da Dor/normas , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Vertebroplastia/métodos
19.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 30(3): 212-221, mayo-jun. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-196686

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Analizar la evolución de la implantación de las recomendaciones de proceso de la guía RNAO Valoración y manejo del dolor y de los resultados en salud. MÉTODO: Estudio observacional, longitudinal, retrospectivo, realizado en 3hospitales de tercer nivel de España. Se incluyó a todos los pacientes dados de alta los últimos 5 días de cada mes de las unidades seleccionadas en el proceso de implantación. Se evaluaron datos estructurales, estancia media, estrategia de implantación y grado de implantación de recomendaciones de proceso según la guía RNAO durante los 3primeros años de implantación y resultados. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo mediante el cálculo de medias y frecuencias absolutas y relativas por periodos: basal (T0) y anual durante los 3primeros años de implantación (T1, T2 y T3, respectivamente) e inferencial. RESULTADOS: Se ha incluido a 8.128 pacientes. Se ha realizado contraste de hipótesis entre los diferentes periodos. La valoración inicial del dolor en las primeras 24h de ingreso o poscirugía se incrementó tras el periodo basal en todos los hospitales, especialmente en aquellos en los que no se cumplían los requisitos de la guía al inicio, y continuó creciendo de forma progresiva hasta a los 3 años de implantación (alcanzando un 94,6% en el hospital 2). En cambio, la implantación del plan de cuidados no ha llegado a superar el 37,5 o el 38,5% de los hospitales 1 y 3, respectivamente. Respecto a los indicadores de resultado, la prevalencia de dolor a las 24 h e intenso disminuyó en los 3hospitales de forma general desde T0 o T1 a T3; sin embargo, no se obtuvieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas concluyentes. CONCLUSIONES: La evolución de la implantación de las recomendaciones de proceso ha mejorado desde el inicio, al igual que los resultados sobre los pacientes, consiguiendo una disminución de la prevalencia y la intensidad del dolor, aunque no se obtuvieron datos concluyentes; todo esto conlleva una mejor práctica enfermera con mayores registros, continuidad asistencial y mejora de la gestión del dolor en los pacientes


AIM: to analyse the progress of implementing the process recommendations of the RNAO Assessment and Management of Pain guideline and health outcomes. METHOD: An observational, longitudinal, retrospective study conducted in 3tertiary-level hospitals in Spain. All patients discharged over the last 5 days of each month from the units selected in the implementation process were included. We evaluated structural data, mean hospital stay, implementation strategy and degree of implementation of the process recommendations of the RNAO guideline over the first 3 years of implementation, and outcomes. A descriptive analysis was performed by calculating means and absolute and relative frequencies in periods: baseline (T0), annual, over the 3first years of implementation (T1, T2 and T3 respectively), and inferential. RESULTS: 8128 patients were included in the study. Hypotheses were contrasted between the different periods. The initial pain assessment in the first 24h following admission or post-surgery increased after the baseline period in all the hospitals, especially those that did not meet the guidelines from the outset. It continued to rise progressively up to 3 years following implementation (reaching 94.6% in hospital 2). By contrast, implementation of the care plan did not exceed 37.5% and 38.5% in hospitals 1 and 3 respectively. With regard to the outcome indicators, the prevalence of pain at 24hours and intense pain generally decreased in the 3hospitals from T0 or T1 to T3, however no conclusive statistically significant differences were obtained. CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of the process recommendations improved from the outset, as did patient outcomes. A decrease in the prevalence and intensity of pain was achieved, although no conclusive data were obtained; all of which leads to better nursing practice with more recording, continuity of care and improved pain management for patients


Assuntos
Humanos , Manejo da Dor/normas , Implementação de Plano de Saúde/normas , Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Resultado do Tratamento , Espanha , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dor/enfermagem , Dor/prevenção & controle
20.
J Fam Pract ; 69(4): 172-178, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437482

RESUMO

Expertise in the delivery of effective local analgesia is critical to the success of in-office procedures. Here's how to optimize patient outcomes and satisfaction.


Assuntos
Anestesia Local/métodos , Anestesia Local/normas , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Anestésicos Locais/normas , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Manejo da Dor/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Humanos
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