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1.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 838, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although rotator cuff syndrome is common and extensively studied from the perspective of producing healed tendons, influence of gender on patient-reported outcomes is less well examined. As activity and role demands may vary widely between men and women, clarity on whether gender is an important factor in outcome would enhance patient education and expectation management. Our purpose was to determine if differences exist in patient-reported outcomes between men and women undergoing rotator cuff surgery. METHODS: One hundred forty-eight participants (76 W:72 M) aged 35-75 undergoing surgery for unilateral symptomatic rotator cuff syndrome were followed for 12 months after surgery. Demographics, surgical data, and the Western Ontario Rotator Cuff (WORC) scores were collected. Surgery was performed by two fellowship-trained shoulder surgeons at a single site. RESULTS: There were no gender-based differences in overall WORC score or subcategory scores by 12 months post-op. Pain scores were similar at all time points in men and women. Women were more likely to have dominant-arm surgery and had smaller rotator cuff tears than men. Complication rates were low, and satisfaction was high in both groups. CONCLUSION: Patient gender doesn't appear to exert an important effect on patient-reported rotator cuff outcomes in this prospective cohort. Further work examining other covariates as well as the qualitative experience of going through rotator cuff repair should provide greater insight into factors that influence patient-reported outcomes.


Assuntos
Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Manguito Rotador , Artroplastia , Artroscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Ombro , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech ; 88(4 Suppl): 9-14, 2021.
Artigo em Tcheco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593095

RESUMO

This guide to ultrasound examination of the shoulder describes the basic scanning planes and contains corresponding high-resolution ultrasound images. The patient and probe positionings are explained in a simplified step-by-step manner using schematic drawings. This standard and simple examination technique seems to be an appropriate way to improve the learning curve of novice musculoskeletal sonographers. In this manuscript, an emphasis is placed on the rotator cuff, biceps tendon, subacromial-subdeltoid bursa, and joint recesses evaluation. This article also describes some common pitfalls to avoid when starting with shoulder ultrasonography (e.g. always determine the relevance of ultrasound findings in the context of clinical examination). Key words: tendons, bursa, synovial, shoulder, musculoskeletal, protocol, examination, ultrasound imaging, sonography, rotator cuff, acromioclavicular joint, shoulder impingement syndrome, learning curve.


Assuntos
Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Articulação do Ombro , Humanos , Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico por imagem , Ombro , Articulação do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia
3.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 847, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610812

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The partial articular supraspinatus tendon avulsion (PASTA) lesion repair remains a topic of debate. We have performed in situ repair of PASTA lesions using a potentially viable threading lasso fixation technique. This retrospective case series aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of PASTA lesion repair using threading lasso fixation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to review this technique and its outcomes in terms of pain and upper extremity function. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with PASTA lesions who were treated with threading lasso fixation were reviewed. All patients were followed up for at least 1 year. Preoperative and follow-up data were retrospectively collected and reviewed. Clinical outcomes were assessed to evaluate the efficacy of the surgery. RESULTS: There were no postoperative complications. The average follow-up period was 25.7 (22-27) months. At the last follow-up, all patients underwent follow-up magnetic resonance imaging; only two cases showed a partially healed tendon and no case converted to full-thickness tear. Furthermore, shoulder pain decreased and mobility was recovered, with statistically significant differences in all scoring measures. Specifically, the mean visual analog scale score decreased from 5.4 ± 1.2 before surgery to 1.1 ± 0.8 at the last follow-up (t = 14.908, P < 0.01), and the mean American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Shoulder Assessment Form score improved significantly from 51.6 ± 6.4 to 89.3 ± 5.2 (t = 22.859, P < 0.01). Additionally, the mean University of California Los Angeles score improved from 17.8 ± 3.5 preoperatively to 32.3 ± 1.4 (t = 19.233, P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Arthroscopic repair using threading lasso fixation is a novel transtendinous technique for patients with partial articular supraspinatus tendon avulsion. Tendon integrity is preserved with this method, which may result in improved function. Overall, threading lasso fixation technique is an effective treatment.


Assuntos
Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Manguito Rotador , Artroscopia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Tendões
4.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(Suppl 5)(8): S41-S44, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634014

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish a relationship between sub acromial bursa and shoulder impingement by determining its presence or absence in sub acromial space. To determine the novel prospects and favourable outcome after surgery in shoulder impingement syndrome. Methods: Over 1000 patients with the diagnosis of shoulder impingement were studied from 2003 to 2020 at Manor Teaching Hospital, Walsall, UK. During Arthroscopy, the findings were noted and documented. The sub acromial bursa and its presence or absence was noted along with kissing lesion of supraspinatus confirmed at Arthroscopy. Functional outcome in all patients was assessed with q-Dash score and pain relief was documented with VAS (Visual Analogue Scale). RESULTS: Sub acromial decompression did not completely resolve symptoms in 649(64.9%) patients having adequate bursa and no kissing lesion. Therefore, a cause other than acromion impingement was considered. However, in 351(35.1%) patients without any bursal tissue, sub acromial decompression alone had better results. Mean post-operative q-DASH score in group A (Bursa present) was 49.21±41 and in group B (Empty Bursa) it was 35.73±23. Mean post-operative VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) score in group A was 6.5±2.3 and in group B, it was 4.1±2.1. CONCLUSIONS: We report that the presence of kissing lesion and an empty Bursal space under the acromion is a high predictor of successful outcome after arthroscopic decompression.


Assuntos
Acrômio , Síndrome de Colisão do Ombro , Acrômio/diagnóstico por imagem , Acrômio/cirurgia , Artroscopia , Descompressão , Humanos , Manguito Rotador , Síndrome de Colisão do Ombro/cirurgia
5.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 770, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503466

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The physical examination is one of the cornerstones of the diagnostic process in patients with acute shoulder injuries. The discriminative properties of a given examination test depend both on its validity and reliability. The aim of the present study was to assess the interrater reliability of 13 physical examination manoeuvres for acute rotator cuff tears in patients with acute soft tissue shoulder injuries. METHODS: In a large walk-in orthopaedic emergency department, 120 consecutive patients ≥40 years of age were included in a diagnostic study. Patients who had follow-up within three weeks of an acute shoulder injury without fracture on radiographs were eligible. Four emergency department physicians participated as examiners. In a subset of 48 patients, the physical examination tests were performed by two physicians, randomly chosen by their work rotation. The physicians were blinded to the findings of each other and the results of the ultrasound screening. The interrater reliability was assessed by Cohen's kappa, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), standard error of measurement (SEM) and Bland-Altman plots depending on whether the examination test result was registered as a binary, ordered categorical or continuous numerical variable. RESULTS: The median age was 55.5 years, 46% were female. Twenty-seven percent had a rotator cuff full-thickness tear on ultrasound screening; all but one involved the supraspinatus tendon. Cohen's kappa for binary tests ranged from excellent to fair. Excellent agreement (kappa > 0.8) was found for the inability to abduct above 90° and abduction strength. External rotation strength expressed substantial agreement (kappa 0.7). The lowest scores were registered for Hawkins` test and the external rotation lag sign (kappa 0.25 and 0.40, respectively). The ICCs for active range of abduction and external rotation were 0.93 (0.88-0.96) and 0.84 (0.72-0.91), whereas the SEM was 15 and 9, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that examination manoeuvres assessing abduction and external rotation range of motion and strength are more reliable than manoeuvres assessing pain in patients in the acute phase of traumatic shoulder injury. The poor agreement observed is likely to limit the validity in the present setting of two commonly used tests. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Norwegian Regional Ethics Committee South East ( 2015/195 ).


Assuntos
Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Lesões do Ombro , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exame Físico , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Manguito Rotador , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem
6.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 760, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488703

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acromial anatomy has been found to be correlated with degenerative full-thickness rotator cuff tears in current studies. However, research on the relationship between acromial anatomy and articular-sided partial thickness of rotator cuff tears (PTRCTs) is still lacking. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether these imaging graphic parameters exhibit any association between acromial anatomy and degenerative articular-sided PTRCTs. METHODS: Between January 2016 and December 2018, a total of 91 patients without a history of trauma underwent arthroscopy as an articular-sided PTRCT group. In the control group, with age- and sex-matched patients, we selected 91 consecutive outpatient patients who underwent shoulder magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) because of shoulder pain and an MRI diagnosis of only synovial hyperplasia and effusion. MRI was used to measure the acromial type, acromiohumeral distance (AHD), lateral acromial angle (LAA), acromion index (AI), and critical shoulder angle (CSA) by 2 independent observers. RESULTS: The acromion type, AHD and LAA showed no difference between degenerative articular-sided PTRCTs and controls (P = 0.532, 0.277, and 0.108, respectively). AI and CSA were significantly higher in degenerative articular-sided PTRCTs (P = 0.002 and 0.003, respectively). A good correlation was found between AI and CSA to measurement(Pearson correlation coefficient = 0.631). CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed that higher AI and CSA were found in degenerative articular-sided PTRCTs. Acromial anatomy with a large acromial extension was associated with the occurrence of degenerative articular-sided PTRCTs.


Assuntos
Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Articulação do Ombro , Acrômio/diagnóstico por imagem , Artroscopia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Articulação do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem
7.
Arthroscopy ; 37(9): 2743-2744, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481616

RESUMO

Overtension repair of rotator cuff tear may predispose to the failure of postoperative integrity of the rotator cuff tendon. Surgeons should consider the size of the rotator cuff tear and maintain adequate tension for successful rotator cuff repair. Feel the tension on the tendon: too much can poison the outcome.


Assuntos
Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Manguito Rotador , Artroscopia , Humanos , Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Tendões , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Arthroscopy ; 37(9): 2754-2755, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481617

RESUMO

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections continue to be used at increasing rates to treat common musculoskeletal conditions. PRP has a low-risk profile and emerging in vitro evidence to support its positive effects on soft-tissue healing. PRP has been shown to be of benefit for knee osteoarthritis, but less has been published regarding the shoulder. PRP delivers a high concentration of growth factors, cytokines, and other important inflammatory modulators. Its use is appealing for treating partial-thickness rotator cuff tears, subacromial bursitis, and rotator cuff tendinopathy since rotator cuff tendons often have poor healing capacity due to intrinsic degeneration. PRP has been shown to increase cell proliferation and matrix synthesis in tenocytes, which may aid tendon regeneration and healing. Adult tendons also contain a small amount of tendon progenitor cells, which can be induced to an active state by PRP. In addition, PRP is an autologous biologic agent and easy to acquire and administer in an outpatient clinical setting. Clinical studies continue to lag and are often heterogenous in quality and in results. PRP can vary widely based on multiple intrinsic and extrinsic factors, including patient age, sex, activity level, centrifugation speed, and number of centrifugation cycles. Thus, quality research methods should include reporting using the PAW (platelets/activation/white blood cells) system. Clinicians should remain cautiously optimistic about the future role of PRP injections in the shoulder.


Assuntos
Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Tendinopatia , Humanos , Manguito Rotador , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/terapia , Ombro , Tendinopatia/terapia
9.
Arthroscopy ; 37(9): 2973-2974, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481632

RESUMO

Superior capsular reconstruction is a minimally invasive option to treat massive irreparable rotator cuff tears. In the appropriately selected patient, available data suggest that while the procedure generally results in improved function, there is a not insignificant risk of complications. Moreover, the rate of complications is likely underestimated given that outcomes are typically published by those with significant technical expertise. The literature supports improved outcomes in patients without significant degenerative change (less than Hamada 3) along with an intact or repairable subscapularis. Graft failure is the most common complication, and appropriate graft selection (ideally at least 4 mm thick) and careful preparation are essential. Additionally, surgeons could consider 3 anchors on the glenoid to provide secure fixation and a double-row transosseous equivalent construct on the humerus. To prevent suture pullout or excessive tension on the graft, it is important to maintain a sufficient border of graft and measure the graft in 30° of forward elevation and 30° of abduction. Additional fixation with posterior side-to-side repair of the graft to the infraspinatus has been reported to improve biomechanical properties of the construct. Existing research is skewed toward low-level evidence at high risk of bias and the reported results of high-volume surgeons. High-quality pragmatic trials are required to truly understand the optimal indications and real-world outcomes of the superior capsular reconstruction.


Assuntos
Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Articulação do Ombro , Humanos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Manguito Rotador , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 749, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465332

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff retear (RCR) is one of the main postoperative drawbacks. RCR can be considered a multifactorial issue, which causes are related either to biological than biomechanical factors. The aim of this study was to define the incidence of RCR after surgical treatment at different time points and to identify the main factors influencing the postoperative rotator cuff (RC) healing. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed following the PRISMA guidelines. A comprehensive search of the literature was carried out in July 2020, using PubMed and Cochrane Library databases. Only level 1 and 2 clinical evidence studies were included. Studies were included if patients with preoperative repairable full-thickness RC tears were treated surgically, and if studies reported postoperative RCR confirmed by imaging diagnostic. The association between timing of retear and follow-up time points were investigated using an inverse-variance method of pooling data. A subgroup meta-analysis was performed using the DerSimonian and Laird method for the estimation of the between-study variance, i.e., τ2. The association between retear rate after surgery and patients' age, preoperative tear size, fatty infiltration, postoperative rehabilitation protocol, surgical techniques, and RC repairs was determined by expressing the effect measure in terms of odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). The Mantel-Haenszel method with 95% CIs was used. RESULTS: Thirty-one articles were included in this study. The percentage of RCR after surgery was 15% at 3 months follow-up, 21% at 3-6 months follow-up, 16% at 6-12 months follow-up, 21% at 12-24 months follow-up, 16% at follow-up longer than 24 months. The main factors influencing RC healing are both patient-related (i.e., age, larger tear size, fatty infiltration) and not patient-related (i.e., postoperative rehabilitation protocol, surgical techniques, and procedures). CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative RC healing is influenced by patient-related and non-patient-related factors. Further high-level clinical studies are needed to provide highly relevant clinical results.


Assuntos
Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Manguito Rotador , Artroplastia , Artroscopia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico por imagem , Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/epidemiologia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 828, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34579697

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adhesive capsulitis (AC) of the shoulder, also known as frozen shoulder, causes substantial pain and disability. In cases of secondary AC, the inflammation and fibrosis of the synovial joint can be triggered by trauma or surgery to the joint followed by extended immobility. However, for primary AC the inciting trigger is unknown. The burden of the disorder among the elderly is also unknown leading to this age group being left out of therapeutic research studies, potentially receiving delayed diagnoses, and unknown financial costs to the Medicare system. The purpose of this analysis was to describe the epidemiology of AC in individuals over the age of 65, an age group little studied for this disorder. The second purpose was to investigate whether specific medications, co-morbidities, infections, and traumas are risk factors or triggers for primary AC in this population. METHODS: We used Medicare claims data from 2010-2012 to investigate the prevalence of AC and assess comorbid risk factors and seasonality. Selected medications, distal trauma, and classes of infections as potential inflammatory triggers for primary AC were investigated using a case-control study design with patients with rotator cuff tears as the comparison group. Medications were identified from National Drug codes and translated to World Health Organization ATC codes for analysis. Health conditions were identified using ICD9-CM codes. RESULTS: We found a one-year prevalence rate of AC of approximately 0.35% among adults aged 65 years and older which translates to approximately 142,000 older adults in the United States having frozen shoulder syndrome. Diabetes and Parkinson's disease were significantly associated with the diagnosis of AC in the elderly. Cases were somewhat more common from August through December, although a clear seasonal trend was not observed. Medications, traumas, and infections were similar for cases and controls. CONCLUSIONS: This investigation identified the burden of AC in the US elderly population and applied case-control methodology to identify triggers for its onset in this population. Efforts to reduce chronic health conditions such as diabetes may reduce seemingly unrelated conditions such as AC. The inciting trigger for this idiopathic condition remains elusive.


Assuntos
Bursite , Articulação do Ombro , Idoso , Bursite/diagnóstico , Bursite/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Medicare , Manguito Rotador , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
12.
Georgian Med News ; (316-317): 30-35, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511440

RESUMO

Posttraumatic brachial plexopathy - is an actual problem, which is usually seen after shoulder area trauma and is often accompanied with intraarticular pathology. In case of failed conservative treatment, open brachial plexus decompression is an effective procedure, however, it is pretty traumatic and is accompanied by number of complications and recurrences, what explains the necessity of development of low-traumatic, miniinvasive alternative techniques. Purpose - develop a new mini-invasive endoscopic technique of brachial plexus decompression. The new technique of fully endoscopic brachial plexus decompression was developed and presented in a 60-years old male patient with posttraumatic plexopathy and rotator cuff tear. Short-term clinical results were followed-up. The patient had a severe neuropathic pain syndrome in shoulder area before the surgery, there were neurologic impairments in upper extremity. The aspects of surgical technique are represented step-by-step. According to VAS scale the severity of pain syndrome in the patient before the surgery was 9 points, 6 months after surgery decreased to 2 points. Patient underlines the regression of neurologic problems, increasing of strength in the hand. The preliminary results do let us characterize the developed technique of endoscopic brachial plexus decompression as a low-traumatic and effective alternative to open decompression, which eliminates pain syndrome and promotes early restoration of normal function of arm in patients with post-traumatic brachial plexus pathology, and which can be easily combined with intra-articular pathology treatment - rotator cuff rupture suturing.


Assuntos
Plexo Braquial , Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Plexo Braquial/cirurgia , Descompressão , Endoscopia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manguito Rotador , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/complicações , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia
13.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(9): 851-5, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569211

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical effect of arthroscopic meniscus tear strapping suture by rotator cuff suture threader. METHODS: Forty patients with meniscus tear injury admitted from July 2015 to May 2019, including 27 males and 13 females, aged from 20 to 55 years old with an average of (36.0±1.4) years old. Menisci laceration was sutured with rotator cuff suture thread under arthroscopy. Postoperative complication was observed, Lysholm knee joint score before and after operation at 12 months were used to evaluate clinical effects, visual analogue scale (VAS) and range of knee flexion and extension were applied to evaluate recovery of pain and function. RESULTS: All patients were followed up from 12 to 15 months with an average of (12.6±0.7) months.No complication such as joint effusion, suture failure occurred. Two patients occurred mild pain after activity without clinical physical abnormality, and 1 patient manifested moderate pain with joint space tenderness, the other rest without abnormal. Lysholm knee joint score was increased from (49.55±1.21) preoperatively to (98.95±0.42) at 12 months after operation, VAS score decreased from (5.18±0.78)preoperatively to (1.03±0.77) at 12 months after operation, and range of knee joint flexion and extension activity increased from (50.63±9.20)°preoperatively to (130.38±4.99)°after operation, and there were statistical differences in Lysholm knee joint score, VAS and range of knee joint flexion and extension activity (P< 0.05). CONCLUSION: Arthroscopic strapping suture by rotator cuff suture threading device applies to most meniscus injuries, including medial meniscus posterior horn tears, lateral meniscus body tears and lateral meniscus posterior horn tears. This technique meets the need of full-internal meniscus suture without specialmeniscus suture, and has advantages of convenient operation, less complications and good postoperative function.


Assuntos
Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Lesões do Menisco Tibial , Adulto , Artroscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Meniscos Tibiais/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manguito Rotador , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura , Suturas/efeitos adversos , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Am J Sports Med ; 49(12): 3184-3195, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with complete rotator cuff tears who fail a course of nonoperative therapy can benefit from surgical repair. PURPOSE: This randomized trial compared mini-open (MO) versus all-arthroscopic (AA) rotator cuff repair. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1. METHODS: Patients with rotator cuff tears were randomized to undergo MO or AA repair at 9 centers by 23 surgeons. The primary outcome (Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index [WORC]) and secondary outcomes (American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons [ASES] score, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index [SPADI] pain subscale, 12-Item Short Form Health Survey [SF-12], reported medication use, adverse events), as well as measurements of range of motion and strength, were collected at 1 month before surgery; at 2 and 6 weeks postoperatively; and at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months postoperatively. A blinded radiologist evaluated rotator cuff integrity on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at baseline and 1 year. Intention-to-treat analysis of covariance with the preoperative WORC score, age, and tear size as covariates assessed continuous outcomes. Sex differences were assessed. A meta-analysis synthesized the primary outcome between MO and AA repair with previous trials. RESULTS: From 954 patients screened, 411 were ineligible (276 because of recovery with physical therapy), 449 were screened at surgery (175 ineligible), and 274 completed follow-up (138 MO and 136 AA). The AA and MO groups were similar before surgery. WORC scores improved from 40 preoperatively to 89 (AA) and 93 (MO) at 2 years, for an adjusted mean difference of 3.4 (95% CI, -0.4 to 7.2). There were no statistically significant differences between the AA and MO groups at any time point. All secondary patient-reported outcomes were not significantly different between the MO and AA groups, except the 2-year SPADI pain score (8 vs 12, respectively; P = .02). A similar recovery in range of motion and strength occurred in both groups over time. MRI indicated minimal improvement in muscle relative to fat (AA: n = 3; MO: n = 2), with most worsening (AA: n = 25; MO: n = 24) or remaining unchanged (AA: n = 70; MO: n = 70). Opioid use was significantly reduced after surgery (from 21% to 5%). The meta-analysis indicated no significant standardized mean difference between groups in the primary outcome across all pooled studies (standardized mean difference, -0.06 [95% CI, -0.34 to 0.22]). CONCLUSION: Both AA and MO rotator cuff repair provide large clinical benefits, with few adverse events. There is strong evidence of equivalent clinical improvements. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT00128076.


Assuntos
Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Manguito Rotador , Artroscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metanálise como Assunto , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico por imagem , Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Am J Sports Med ; 49(12): 3173-3183, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite advances in surgical techniques, the use of maximal repair to treat large or massive rotator cuff tears results in a high retear rate postoperatively. Currently, no randomized controlled trials have compared the outcomes of maximal repair with interposition dermal allograft bridging reconstruction. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that large or massive rotator cuff tendon tears reconstructed using bridging dermal allograft would have better clinical outcomes 2 years postoperatively, as measured using the Western Ontario Rotator Cuff (WORC) index, than would those receiving the current gold standard treatment of debridement and maximal repair alone. We also expected that patients treated via bridging reconstruction using dermal allograft would have fewer postoperative failures as assessed using postoperative magnetic resonance imaging scans. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence 1. METHODS: A sample size of 30 patients (determined using a priori sample size calculation) with massive, retracted rotator cuff tears were randomly allocated to 1 of 2 groups: maximal repair or bridging reconstruction using dermal allograft. All patients completed questionnaires (WORC and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand [DASH]) preoperatively and postoperatively at 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years. The primary outcome of this study was the WORC index at 2 years. Secondary outcomes included healing rate, progression of rotator cuff arthropathy, and postoperative acromiohumeral distance in both groups. RESULTS: Patients treated via bridging reconstruction using dermal allograft had better postoperative WORC and DASH scores (23.93 ± 24.55 and 15.77 ± 19.27, respectively) compared with patients who received maximal repair alone (53.36 ± 31.93 and 34.32 ± 23.31, respectively). We also noted increased progression to rotator cuff arthropathy in the maximal repair group with an increased retear rate when compared with the reconstruction group (87% and 21%, respectively; P < .001). The acromiohumeral distance was maintained in the reconstruction group but significantly decreased in the maximal repair group. CONCLUSION: Rotator cuff bridging reconstruction using a dermal allograft demonstrated improved patient-reported outcomes as measured using the WORC index 2 years postoperatively. This technique also showed favorable structural healing rates and decreased progression to arthropathy compared with maximal repair. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01987973).


Assuntos
Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Manguito Rotador , Aloenxertos , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Tendões
16.
Am J Sports Med ; 49(12): 3202-3211, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520255

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among symptomatic partial-thickness rotator cuff tears (PTRCT) indicated for surgery, both-sided (concurrent articular and bursal side) PTRCT are rarely reported and discussed in the literature. Without clinical data on and definite guidelines for treating these rare partial tears, appropriate management cannot be expected. PURPOSE: To calculate the prevalence of both-sided PTRCT and to evaluate clinical outcomes after arthroscopic transtendon suture bridge repair of both-sided PTRCT at a minimum 3-year follow-up. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Among symptomatic PTRCT that required arthroscopic surgery (765 patients) between March 2008 and December 2014, 178 both-sided partial tears were confirmed arthroscopically, and arthroscopic transtendon suture bridge repair was performed in 100 patients enrolled in our study after exclusion criteria were applied. The presence of concurrent articular and bursal side partial tears was confirmed via arthroscopy, with Ellman grade >2 on either the bursal or the articular side of these both-sided partial tears. Without tear completion, transtendon suture bridge repair was performed in all cases. Clinical outcomes including clinical scores and range of motion were evaluated at a mean of 5.3 ± 1.4 years (range, 3-8 years). Follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed at 6 to 12 months (mean ± SD, 11 ± 5.20 months) after surgery to evaluate the tendon integrity (Sugaya classification) of the repaired rotator cuff. RESULTS: The mean age was 57.5 ± 7.8 years, and 65% of patients were women. Mean preoperative American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons, University of California Los Angeles, Simple Shoulder Test, and Constant-Murley outcome scores of 52 ± 14, 19 ± 4, 6 ± 2, and 69 ± 10 significantly improved postoperatively to 94 ± 5, 33 ± 2, 11 ± 1, and 93 ± 5, respectively (P < .001). Mean forward flexion, abduction, external rotation, and internal rotation improved significantly from 148°± 31°, 134°± 39°, 22°± 13°, and L2 preoperatively to 154°± 17°, 151°± 60°, 29°± 14°, and T10 postoperatively, respectively (P < .001). The retear rate on follow-up MRI scans was 2%. As per Sugaya classification on postoperative MRI scans, type 1 healing was found in 29%; type 2, in 60%; type 3, in 9%; and type 4, in 2%. CONCLUSION: Among all symptomatic PTRCT that required surgery, both-sided PTRCT were more common than expected. Arthroscopic transtendon suture bridge repair of these both-sided PTRCT showed satisfactory clinical outcomes at a minimum 3-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Idoso , Artroscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Manguito Rotador , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Suturas , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Am J Sports Med ; 49(12): 3196-3201, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic treatment of calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder reveals good to excellent results. However, whether the tendon needs to be repaired after removal of the calcific deposit or simply debrided remains unclear. PURPOSE: To evaluate the structural and clinical results after arthroscopic calcific deposit removal with additional rotator cuff repair or rotator cuff debridement. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A total of 44 patients (46 shoulders) were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study with a mean follow-up of 58.4 months. Patients underwent arthroscopic removal of a calcific deposit and bursectomy after failed nonoperative treatment. A total of 22 patients received additional rotator cuff repair irrespective of the degree of debridement (the repair group), whereas 22 patients received a simple rotator cuff debridement without additional repair (the debridement group). Groups were comparable in sex, age, and size and consistency of the deposits according to the Gärtner and Bosworth classifications. Clinical evaluation was performed by the Constant score, Simple Shoulder Test, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, and numerical rating scales for pain, function, and satisfaction. In 29 patients (14 in the debridement group and 15 in the repair group), additional magnetic resonance imaging at follow-up was performed to evaluate the structural results using the Sugaya classification. RESULTS: All patients were satisfied with the results of surgery; 100% of the repair group and 95.7% of the debridement group reported they would undergo the surgical procedure again. Comparison of the clinical results showed significantly better results in the repair group versus the debridement group for the Constant score (86.2 vs 80.6, respectively; P = .04), the ASES score (98.3 vs 88.9; P = .004), the Simple Shoulder Test (11.6 vs 10; P = .005), and the numerical rating scales for pain (0.1 vs 0.8; P = .007), function (9.6 vs 8.8; P = .008), and satisfaction (9.8 vs 9.1; P = .036). Comparison of the postoperative tendon integrity showed 80% Sugaya grade I in the rotator cuff repair group and 64% Sugaya grade II in the debridement group, with a statistically significant difference in favor of the repair group (P = .004). Postoperative clinical evaluation revealed no positive O'Brien tests in the repair group, whereas approximately one-third of the debridement group showed a positive O'Brien test during examination. CONCLUSION: Arthroscopic removal of calcific deposits with rotator cuff debridement or cuff repair showed good to excellent clinical and structural midterm results. However, patients who underwent additional repair of the tendon defect had significantly better clinical results as well as better structural results in terms of tendon integrity.


Assuntos
Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Tendinopatia , Artroscopia , Estudos de Coortes , Desbridamento , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Ombro , Tendinopatia/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 1652021 08 18.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523834

RESUMO

In this case report we present a 55-year-old female patient with acute-onset shoulder pain. X-rays of the affected shoulder showed clear levels of resorbed calcium in an enlarged subacromial bursa which is typical for the resorptive phase of calcific tendinitis of the rotator cuff.


Assuntos
Ombro , Tendinopatia , Bolsa Sinovial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor de Ombro/diagnóstico , Dor de Ombro/etiologia , Tendinopatia/diagnóstico , Tendinopatia/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 27: 605-611, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391295

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biomechanical muscle stiffness has been linked to musculoskeletal disorders. Assessing changes in muscle stiffness following DN may help elucidate a physiologic mechanism of DN. This study characterizes the effects of dry needling (DN) to the infraspinatus, erector spinae, and gastrocnemius muscles on biomechanical muscle stiffness. METHOD: 60 healthy participants were randomized into infraspinatus, erector spinae, or gastrocnemius groups. One session of DN was applied to the muscle in standardized location. Stiffness was assessed using a MyotonPRO at baseline, immediately post DN, and 24 h later. The presence of a localized twitch response (LTR) during DN was used to subgroup participants. RESULTS: A statistically significant decrease in stiffness was observed in the gastrocnemius, the LTR gastrocnemius, and the LTR erector spinae group immediately following DN treatment. However, stiffness increased after 24 h. No significant change was found in the infraspinatus group. CONCLUSIONS: DN may cause an immediate, yet transitory change in local muscle stiffness. It is unknown whether these effects are present in a symptomatic population or related to improvements in clinical outcomes. Future studies are necessary to determine if a decrease in biomechanical stiffness is related to improvement in symptomatic individuals.


Assuntos
Agulhamento Seco , Humanos , Músculo Esquelético , Manguito Rotador , Pontos-Gatilho
20.
Arthroscopy ; 37(8): 2397-2398, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353551

RESUMO

Since the introduction of rotator cuff repair in the beginning of the 20th century, there have been significant advances in the surgical techniques and improvement in patient outcomes. However, controversy remains regarding the best method for tendon repair, including implant choice, ideal suture construct, and the potential benefits of supplemental biologic additives in order to achieve repair with the best opportunity for healing. The "SCOI Row" technique has been refined over three decades with extensive application and consistently good outcomes. Our technique uses a single row of anchors, triple loaded with a high-strength suture maximizing the number of sutures passed through the tendon to repair the rotator cuff arthroscopically. These anchors are placed 3-4 millimeters from the articular cartilage, providing strong anchorage and a low-tension repair. Debridement of devitalized tendon and only incorporating healthy tendon into the repair is imperative. The biology of the repair is enhanced with bone marrow vents created via microfracture of the greater tuberosity, forming the "Crimson Duvet" or bone marrow super-clot that will envelope the repair site. The bone marrow vents deliver marrow elements, including growth factors and mesenchymal cells that will help to regenerate the footprint of the rotator cuff. This repair construct has been evaluated biomechanically by other investigators and is favorable, as compared to dual row repairs. Our outcomes show greater than 90 % healing rate on postoperative magnetic resonance imaging and excellent patient-reported outcomes.


Assuntos
Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Âncoras de Sutura , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Humanos , Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura , Suturas
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