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2.
Br J Nurs ; 29(1): 36-43, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917949

RESUMO

The aim of this narrative literature review was to explore the impact of interprofessional simulation-based team training on difficult airway management. The Fourth National Audit Project of The Royal College of Anaesthetists and The Difficult Airway Society identified recurrent deficits in practice that included delayed recognition of critical events, inadequate provision of appropriately trained staff and poor collaboration and communication strategies between teams. Computerised databases were assessed to enable data collection, and a narrative literature review and synthesis of eight quantitative studies were performed. Four core themes were identified: debriefing, measures of assessment and evaluation, non-technical skills and patient safety, and patient outcomes. There are many benefits to be gained from interprofessional simulation training as a method of teaching high-risk and infrequent clinical airway emergencies. The practised response to emergency algorithms is crucial and plays a vital role in the reduction of errors and adverse patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Manuseio das Vias Aéreas , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Relações Interprofissionais , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
10.
Enferm. intensiva (Ed. impr.) ; 30(4): 154-162, oct.-dic. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184479

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analizar el manejo intraquirúrgico y los resultados posquirúrgicos asociados a la extubación temprana en los pacientes sometidos a cirugía reparadora de tetralogía de Fallot en un hospital público argentino. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión retrospectiva de los expedientes clínicos de los pacientes a quienes se les practicó cirugía para corrección de tetralogía de Fallot. Se incluyeron en el análisis un total de 38 expedientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión establecidos en el protocolo para la revisión retrospectiva. Resultados: El 16% fue extubado de manera temprana. Milrinona fue la única droga que mostró diferencias en los pacientes a quienes se extubó de manera temprana (p = 0,01). El tiempo de circulación extracorpórea, el de clampaje aórtico, la transfusión con crioprecipitados, la saturación de la presión de oxígeno, y el hematocrito al finalizar el procedimiento quirúrgico no evidenciaron diferencias (p > 0,05). En el período posquirúrgico, la estadía en UTI fue más corta en los pacientes que fueron extubados de manera temprana (p = 0,0007), pero no hubo diferencias en la estadía hospitalaria total (p = 0,26). Conclusiones: La extubación temprana en la institución si bien resultó de baja frecuencia ha demostrado ser una alternativa segura y eficaz para disminuir la estancia en UTI de estos pacientes


Objective: To assess surgical management and postoperative results associated with early extubation in patients undergoing tetralogy of Fallot corrective surgery at a public hospital in Argentina. Methods: A retrospective review was made from clinical records from patients who underwent corrective surgery for tetralogy of Fallot. A total of 38 clinical records that met the inclusion criteria for the retrospective review were included in the analysis. Results: 16% were extubated early. Milrinone was the only drug that showed differences in patients who were extubated early (p = 0.01). Extracorporeal circulation time, aortic clamping time, transfusion with cryoprecipitates, saturation of oxygen pressure, and haematocrit at the end of the surgical procedure showed no differences (p > .05). In the postoperative period, the ICU stay was shorter for the patients who were extubated early (p = 0.0007), but there were no differences in the total hospital stay (p = 0.26). Conclusions: Early extubation in the institution, although found to be low frequency, has proved as a safe and effective alternative to shorten these patients’ stay in ICU


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Extubação/instrumentação , Extubação/tendências , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/enfermagem , Monitorização Intraoperatória/enfermagem , Hospitais Públicos , Argentina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Circulação Extracorpórea/enfermagem , Tempo de Internação , Serviço Hospitalar de Anestesia/organização & administração , Anestesia Endotraqueal/enfermagem , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/enfermagem , Transtornos de Deglutição/prevenção & controle
11.
Acta otorrinolaringol. esp ; 70(6): 364-372, nov.-dic. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184882

RESUMO

En noviembre 2014 la Sociedad Española de Otorrinolaringología, la Sociedad Española de Sueño y la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Maxilofacial propusieron y avalaron la elaboración de una Guía de Práctica Clínica sobre la exploración física de la vía aérea superior en pacientes con apnea obstructiva del sueño. La Guía ha seguido de forma estricta en toda su elaboración las recomendaciones del manual de elaboración de guías de práctica clínica del Sistema Nacional de Salud 2007 y 2009 y el manual de la Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) 2015. El documento final puede ser altamente útil para los fines que se propuso inicialmente: ser un referente para unificar las regiones que deben ser exploradas en los pacientes con síndrome de apnea-hipoapnea obstructiva del sueño, mediante qué tipo de exploración y cómo gradarla, y expresada para todos los ámbitos asistenciales a los que estos pacientes pueden acudir. Las conclusiones y recomendaciones están basadas en una revisión exhaustiva y actualizada de la bibliografía con alto nivel de evidencia, además de la experiencia y conocimientos demostrados de todos los integrantes del grupo de elaboración. Dicho grupo se constituyó pensando siempre en la transversalidad del proyecto, y, por tanto, han participado especialistas de todos los ámbitos implicados (cirugía maxilofacial, medicina de familia, neumología, neurofisiología clínica, odontología y otorrinolaringología). Con la misma idea se seleccionaron los revisores externos del texto final


In November 2014 the Spanish Society of Otolaryngology, the Spanish Sleep Society and the Spanish Society of Maxillofacial Surgery proposed and endorsed the development of a Clinical Practice Guideline on the physical examination of the upper airway in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea. The Guideline strictly followed the recommendations of the manual for the preparation of clinical practice guidelines of the National Health System 2007 and 2009 and the manual of the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) 2015. The final document could be highly useful for the purposes that were originally proposed: to act as a reference to unify the regions that should be explored in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea syndrome, the type of examination and how to grade it, and specific to all the care areas to which these patients have access. The conclusions and recommendations are based on a thorough and up-to-date review of the literature with a high level of evidence, as well as the experience and knowledge demonstrated by all the members of the drafting group. This group was formed bearing in mind at all times the transversality of the project, and, therefore, specialists from all the involved areas participated (maxillofacial surgery, family medicine, pneumology, clinical neurophysiology, odontology and otolaryngology). The external reviewers of the final text were selected along the same lines


Assuntos
Humanos , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/diagnóstico , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/terapia , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/normas , Exame Físico/métodos , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Exame Físico/normas
12.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 31(6): 417-418, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-185141

RESUMO

En la actualidad, el uso de los dispositivos supraglóticos (DSG) para el manejo de la vía aérea está ampliamente extendido en urgencias y emergencias por su fácil manejo. El objetivo de la presente revisión es comparar los dispositivos supraglóticos para el manejo de la vía aérea, tubo laríngeo (TL) y máscara laríngea (ML), en sus diferentes versiones, para determinar cuál de ellos reúne las mejores condiciones para un uso eficiente en la atención a urgencias y emergencias. Se realiza una revisión sistemática de la literatura a través de la consulta en 9 bases de datos bibliográficas: Biblioteca Cochrane Plus, Medline, CINAHL, Dialnet, Global Health, Nursing & Allied Health Database, CUIDEN, Web of Science y ScienceDirect. Fueron seleccionados registros que estaban comprendidos entre los años 2014 y 2019, en español, inglés, francés y portugués, donde se realizara una comparación entre los DSG, TL y ML, en sus diferentes versiones. Se identificaron un total de 18 estudios válidos tras la lectura crítica. En la mayoría de aspectos evaluados, no se apreciaron diferencias significativas entre ambos dispositivos. Destancaba una presión de sellado orofaríngeo y velocidad de inserción superior en determinados contextos en la utilización del TL, y existía además una visión menor de la glotis mediante la utilización del broncoscopio. Los diferentes contextos en que se puede presentar la utilización de los DSG y la escasez de registros que comparan el TL con las ML en sus diferentes versiones no permite una clara diferenciación en cuanto a eficacia. No obstante, sí parece evidenciarse una visión menor de la glotis en la utilización del TL tras ser valorado con el fibroscopio, factor a tener en cuenta si se tiene presente que en la atención secundaria la intubación selectiva mediante la intubación traqueal, considerada el "patrón oro", puede llegar a ser una necesidad


Various supraglottic devices are currently available for airway management and are used widely in emergency situations because they are easy to position. We undertook a systematic review of the literature comparing laryngeal tubes and various laryngeal mask airway devices (LMAs) to determine which ones can be used most efficiently in emergencies. Nine databases were searched, as follows: Cochrane Library Plus, MEDLINE, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), Dialnet, Global Health, Nursing & Allied Health Database, CUIDEN, the Web of Science, and ScienceDirect. We collected studies published between 2014 and 2019 in Spanish, English, French, and Portuguese that compared laryngeal tubes to LMAs of different types for supraglottic airway management. Eighteen studies were selected for analysis after critical reading. Significant differences were not seen between tubes and LMAs with respect to most variables, but in certain contexts the oropharyngeal seal and speed of insertion were superior with laryngeal tubes; however, when fiberoptic bronchoscopes were then inserted the view of the glottis was poor. The different contexts in which these devices are used and the scarcity of studies comparing laryngeal tubes to LMAs does not allow us to identify clear differences among them with respect to efficiency. However, tubes seem to offer poorer visibility of the glottis according to evaluation with fiberoptic scopes, a factor to bear in mind if tracheal intubation, which is considered the gold standard, might become necessary


Assuntos
Humanos , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/instrumentação , Máscaras Laríngeas , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/métodos , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Desenho de Equipamento
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18287, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860976

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Airway management of patients in a lateral decubitus position (LDP), who cannot lie supine is challenging for anesthesiologists. In a previous study, laryngeal mask airway (LMA) was found to be superior to conventional endotracheal intubation in LDP. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 38-year-old man diagnosed with type I neurofibromatosis presented with pain caused by a large hematoma (28 × 8 cm) located in the left upper back. On arrival at the operating theater, he was in a right LDP because of the aggravation of pain in the supine position. DIAGNOSES: Laryngoscopy-guided endotracheal intubation was expected to be difficult in LDP. INTERVENTIONS: After the induction of anesthesia, a non-inflatable LMA was introduced into the laryngopharynx with the patient in LDP. He was then maneuvered into a supine position and removal of the LMA was followed by endotracheal intubation. OUTCOMES: The surgery for the removal of the hematoma was performed in a prone position. The airway intubated with an endotracheal tube was well maintained during the entire surgery. LESSONS: LMA is a useful device for airway management in patients in LDP who cannot lie supine.


Assuntos
Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/métodos , Máscaras Laríngeas , Posicionamento do Paciente/métodos , Adulto , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/instrumentação , Dorso/cirurgia , Hematoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Masculino , Neurofibromatose 1/terapia , Decúbito Dorsal
19.
A A Pract ; 13(10): 404, 2019 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725424
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17713, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626153

RESUMO

Few data are available regarding factors that impact cricothyrotomy use and outcome in general hospital setting. The aim of the present study was to determine the incidence and outcomes of the patients underwent cricothyrotomy in a "cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate" (CICO) situation at university hospitals in Korea.This was a retrospective review of the electronic medical records of consecutive patients who underwent cricothyrotomy during a CICO situation between March, 2007, and October, 2018, at 2 university hospitals in Korea. Data regarding patient characteristics and outcomes were analyzed using descriptive statistics.During the study period, a total of 10,187 tracheal intubations were attempted and 23 patients received cricothyrotomy. Hospitalwide incidence of cricothyrotomy was 2.3 per 1000 tracheal intubations (0.23%). The majority of cricothyrotomy procedures (22 cases, 95.7%) were performed in the emergency department (ED); 1 cricothyrotomy was attempted in the endoscopy room. In the ED, 5663 intubations were attempted and the incidence of cricothyrotomy was 3.9 per 1000 tracheal intubations (0.39%). Survival rate at hospital discharge was 47.8% (11 of 23 cases). Except for cardiac arrest at admission, survival rate was 62.5% (10 of 16 cases). Successful cricothyrotomy was performed in 17 patients (73.9%) and 9 patients (52.9%) were survived. Among 6 patients of failed cricothyrotomy (26.1%), 2 patients (33.3%) were survived. After failure of cricothyrotomy, various methods of securing airway were established: 3 tracheal intubations, 1 nasotracheal intubation, and 1 tracheostomy.The success rate of cricothyrotomy and survival rate in the CICO situation were not high. After failure of cricothyrotomy, various methods of securing airway were performed.


Assuntos
Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/métodos , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/cirurgia , Cartilagem Cricoide/cirurgia , Sistema de Registros , Cartilagem Tireóidea/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/mortalidade , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Adulto Jovem
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