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1.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 100-104, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535968

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic and curved-rod-shaped bacterium, designated QM202T, was isolated from red algae (Gracilaria blodgettii). Cells of strain QM202T were 0.2-0.3 µm wide and 1.0-2.5 µm long, catalase-negative and oxidase-positive. The strain exhibited an agar-degrading activity. It was motile by means of a single polar flagellum. Optimal growth occurred at 28-30 °C, pH 7.0-7.5 and in the presence of 2.0-3.0 % (w/v) NaCl. The DNA G+C content was 41.4 mol%. The isoprenoid quinone was identified as Q-8. Phophatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol were the predominant phospholipids. The dominant fatty acids were C18:1ω7c, C16:0 and C16:1ω7c and/or iso-C15:0 2-OH. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain QM202T belonged to the genus Marinomonas. The closest described neighbour in terms of 16S rRNA gene sequence identity was Marinomonas blandensis MED121T (95.5 %). The differential phenotypic properties, together with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness indicated that strain QM202T can be considered to represent a novel species, Marinomonas agarivorans sp. nov. The type strain is QM202T (=KCTC 52475T=MCCC 1H00145T).


Assuntos
Gracilaria/microbiologia , Marinomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Ágar , Alteromonadaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Oceanos e Mares , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(11): 3414-3419, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31380736

RESUMO

A Gram-negative bacterium, namely strain ANRC-JHZ47T, was isolated from a seawater sample collected at Biological Bay, Fildes Peninsula, Antarctica. Cells of strain ANRC-JHZ47T were rod-shaped and motile by a single polar flagellum. Strain ANRC-JHZ47T was aerobic, oxidase-negative, and catalase-positive. The strain grew at 4-37 °C (optimum, 25 °C), pH at 3.5-10.0 (optimum, pH 5.5) and in NaCl at 1-7.0 % (w/v; optimum, 2-3 %). Strain ANRC-JHZ47T used Q-8 as the predominant respiratory quinone. Its predominant fatty acids were C16 : 0 (21.9 %), C12 : 0 (12.6 %), C19 : 0cyclo ω8c (12.4 %), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c; 13.1 %), C10 : 0 3-OH (11.3 %) and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c; 6.0 %). Its major polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminolipid and five unknown polar lipids. The DNA G+C content was 42.6 mol%. Strain ANRC-JHZ47T showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Marinomonas arenicola KMM 3893T (97.9 %), followed by Marinomonas primoryensis KMM 3633T (97.6 %), Marinomonas profundimaris D104T (97.2 %) and Marinomonas pollencensis IVIA-Po-185T (97.0 %). Furthermore, the average nucleotide identity values between strain ANRC-JHZ47T and M. arenicola KMM 3893T, M. primoryensis KMM 3633T and M. profundimaris D104T were 79.8, 74.0, and 74.1 %, respectively. The in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between them were 22.5±2.5, 20.4±2.3 and 19.9±2.3 %, respectively. Based on the results of phenotypic and phylogenetic analyses, strain ANRC-JHZ47T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Marinomonas, for which the name Marinomonas flavescens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is ANRC-JHZ47T (=MCCC 1K03604T=KCTC 72113T).


Assuntos
Marinomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Regiões Antárticas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(3): 805-810, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30688631

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, motile with single polar flagellum, rod-shaped bacterium, designated as strain DSL-35T, was isolated from the location where the ocean and Dishui lake meet at Shanghai on the East China Sea and characterized phylogenetically and phenotypically. Optimal growth occurred at 35 °C (range, 4-40 °C), pH 8 pH 5-11) and with 3-4 % (w/v) NaCl (0-12 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on its 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain DSL-35T was related to members of the genus Marinomonas and shared the highest sequence identities with Marinomonasarctica 328T (98.0 %), Marinomonashwangdonensis HDW-15T (97.5 %) and Marinomonasrhizomae IVIA-Po-145T (97.2 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence identities between strain DSL-35T and other members of the genus Marinomonas were below 96.8 %. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain DSL-35T and the three type strains, Marinomonas. arctica 328T, M. rhizomae HDW-15T and M. rhizomae IVIA-Po-145T, were 30.9±2.4 %, 21.7±2.2% and 22±2.3 %, respectively. The average nucleotide identity values between strain DSL-35T and the three type strains were 87.6 %, 84.6 and 84.2 %, respectively. The predominant ubiquinone was Q-8. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. The predominant cellular fatty acids of strain DSL-35T were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c; 40.0 %), C16 : 0 (22.5 %), summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c; 11.2 %), summed feature 2 (C14 : 0 3-OH and/or iso I C16 : 1; 7.2 %), C14 : 0 (6.8 %) and C12 : 0 (5.2 %). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 44.5 mol%. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data indicated that strain DSL-35T represents a novel species of the genus Marinomonas, for which the name Marinomonas shanghaiensis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain DSL-35T (=KCTC 62646T=MCCC 1K03535T).


Assuntos
Lagos/microbiologia , Marinomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceanos e Mares , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Transferases (Outros Grupos de Fosfato Substituídos)/química , Ubiquinona/química
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(3): 739-744, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30648946

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic and rod-shaped strain, YLB-05T, was isolated from a sample of deep-sea sediment (depth, 6796 m) from the Yap Trench. It was motile, oxidase-positive and catalase-positive. Growth was observed at salinities of 1-12 % (NaCl, w/v), with the optimum at 5 %. The strain was able to thrive at low (4 °C) temperatures, with the optimum at 37 °C, but did not grow at 50 °C. The optimum pressure for growth was 0.1 MPa with tolerance up to 50 MPa. The 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis showed that YLB-05T was most closely related to Marinomonas communis LMG 2864T (97.8 %). Phylogenetic analysis placed strain YLB-05T within the genus Marinomonas. The average nucleotide identity and the DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain YLB-05T and closely related type strains were below the respective thresholds for species differentiation. The principal fatty acids were C16 : 0, summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c) and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c). The DNA G+C content was 45.7 mol%. The respiratory quinone was determined to be Q-8. The polar lipids were an unidentified phospholipid and an unidentified aminophospholipid. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data showed that strain YLB-05T represents a novel species within the genus Marinomonas, for which the name Marinomonaspiezotolerans sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain YLB-05T (=MCCC 1A12712T=KCTC 62812T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Marinomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Salinidade , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Temperatura , Ubiquinona/química
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 67(11): 4777-4784, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28984571

RESUMO

A novel Marinomonas-like, aerobic, Gram-reaction-negative, moderately halophilic, acidophilic, motile by a single polar flagellum, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium that showed algalytic activity, designated strain Yeongu 1-4T, was isolated from surface seawater of Geoje Island in the South Sea, Republic of Korea. The strain was oxidase-negative and weakly positive for catalase. Growth of this bacterium was observed at temperatures from 4 to 42 °C, at salinities from 0 to 12 % and at pH from 4.5 to 9.0, and it was not able to degrade starch, gelatin, casein or Tween 80. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain Yeongu 1-4T was related most closely to Marinomonas spartinae SMJ19T with similarity of 99.3 %. However, levels of DNA-DNA relatedness between strain Yeongu 1-4T and the most closely related species were lower than 70 %, confirming that they represent distinct genomic species. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain Yeongu 1-4T was 44.2 mol%. The organism used Q-8 as the predominant respiratory quinone, and C16 : 1ω7c, C18 : 1ω7c and C16 : 0 as major cellular fatty acids. Based on data from this polyphasic taxonomic study, strain Yeongu 1-4T belongs to a novel species of the genus Marinomonas, within the family Oceanospirillaceae, for which the name Marinomonas algicida is proposed. The type strain is Yeongu 1-4T (=KEMB 9005-327T=MCCC 1K00609T).


Assuntos
Marinomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Marinomonas/genética , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 67(8): 2746-2751, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28771118

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, aerobic marine bacterial strain, SAB-3T, was isolated from brown macroalgae (Dictyota sp.) growing in the Arabian sea, Goa, India. The strain grew optimally at 30 °C, with 2.0-4.0 % (w/v) NaCl and at pH 7.0 on marine agar medium. Strain SAB-3T was unable to hydrolyse aesculin and did not grow in the presence of rifamycin but showed resistance to antibiotics such as cefadroxil and co-trimoxazole. The major fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c) and C16 : 0, and Q-8 was the major ubiquinone. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The DNA G+C content was 41.0 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequencing and phylogenetic analysis indicated that the strain was a member of the genus Marinomonas with Marinomonas aquiplantarum IVIA-Po-159T (97.6 % similarity), Marinomonas posidonica IVIA-Po-181T (97.5 %) and Marinomonas dokdonensis DSM 17202T (97.4 %) as the closest relatives. Whole genome relatedness determined through DNA-DNA hybridization revealed values of 40-50 % (below the 70 % threshold recommended for species delineation) with the above three species, thus confirming it as representing a distinct and novel species of the genus Marinomonas for which the name Marinomonas epiphytica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SAB-3T (=JCM 31365T=KCTC 52293T=MTCC 12569T).


Assuntos
Marinomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Alga Marinha/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Índia , Marinomonas/genética , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Fosfatidilgliceróis/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 66(12): 5544-5549, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27902199

RESUMO

A novel Gram-staining-negative, chemoorganotrophic, moderately halophilic, strictly aerobic bacterium, strain MED121T, was isolated from a seawater sample collected at the Blanes Bay Microbial Observatory in the north-western Mediterranean Sea. Analysis of its 16S rRNA gene sequence, retrieved from the whole-genome sequence, showed that this bacterium was most closely related to Marinomonas dokdonensis and other Marinomonas species (96.3 and 93.3-95.7 % sequence similarities, respectively), within the family Oceanospirillaceae. Strain MED121T was included into a whole-genome sequencing study and, subsequently, it was characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. It was found to be oxidase and catalase positive, its cells are cocci to short rods, it does not ferment carbohydrates and does not reduce nitrate to nitrite or gas and it requires at least 2.5 % (w/v) marine salts and tolerates up to 7 % (w/v) salts. Its major cellular fatty acids in order of abundance are C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c, C18 : 1ω7c, C16 : 0 and C10 : 0 3-OH. Its genome had an approximate length of 5.1 million bases and a DNA G+C content equal to 40.9 mol%. Analysis of the annotated genes reveals the capacity for the synthesis of ubiquinone 8 (Q8) and the polar lipids phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine, in agreement with other members of the genus. All the data collected supported the creation of a novel species to accommodate this bacterium, for which the name Marinomonas blandensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MED121T (=CECT 7076T=LMG 29722T).


Assuntos
Marinomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Marinomonas/genética , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Mar Mediterrâneo , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 66(8): 3183-3188, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27199280

RESUMO

Three Gram-negative bacterial strains (Cmf 17.2T, Rd 20.33 and Cmf 18.22T) isolated from reared clams in Galicia were subjected to a taxonomic study, based on genetic and phenotypic characterization. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene allowed the identification of the strains as members of the genus Marinomonas, sharing the highest similarity with Marinomonas aquimarina CECT 5080T (97.8 %-98.5 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). Phylogenetic analysis of the sequences showed that the three isolates formed two different groups distantly related to their closest relative, M. aquimarina. DNA-DNA hybridizations were performed to confirm the taxonomic position and the results were below the recommended threshold for species delimitation, specifically 44.5 % (Cmf 17.2T with M. aquimarina CECT 5080T) and 55 % (Cmf 18.22Twith M. aquimarina CECT 5080T). Furthermore, the average nucleotide identity (ANIb, ANIm and OrthoANI) and in silico estimated DNA-DNA reassociation values among Cmf 17.2T, Cmf 18.22T and M. aquimarina CECT 5080T were in all cases below the respective threshold for species differentiation. The estimated G+C content of the genomic DNA was found to be 45.3 % (Cmf 17.2T) and 44.6 % (Cmf 18.22T). The principal fatty acids of the strains were found to be summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c), summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c), C16 : 0, C12 : 0 and C10 : 0 3-OH. The results obtained on the characterization of the clam isolates indicate that they represent two novel species of the genus Marinomonas, for which the names Marinomonas gallaica sp. nov. (type strain Cmf 17.2T=CECT 9049T=LMG 29243T) and Marinomonas atlantica sp. nov. (type strain Cmf 18.22T=CECT 9050T=LMG 29244T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Bivalves/microbiologia , Marinomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Animais , Aquicultura , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Marinomonas/genética , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espanha
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 66(4): 1686-1691, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26821806

RESUMO

Two strains of Gram-stain-negative, chemo-organotrophic, aerobic and halophilic gammaproteobacteria, isolated from within the stem and roots of Spartina maritima in salt marshes from the south Atlantic Spanish coast, were found to represent a novel species in the genus Marinomonas through phylogenetic analysis of their 16S rRNA genes and phenotypic characterization. 16S rRNA gene sequences of the two strains shared < 96.2% similarity with other Marinomonas species, with Marimonas alcarazii being the most similar in sequence. They required sodium ions for growth, were able to thrive at low (4 °C) temperatures and at salinities of 12-15%, were unable to hydrolyse any tested macromolecule except casein, and grew with different monosaccharides, disaccharides, sugar alcohols, organic acids and amino acids. The novel species differed from other Marinomonas species in the use of several sole carbon sources, its temperature and salinity ranges for growth, ion requirements and cellular fatty acid composition, which included C16:0, C16:1 and C18:1 as major components and C10:0 3-OH, C12:0 and C12:0 3-OH as minor components. The name Marinomonas spartinae sp. nov. is proposed, with SMJ19T (=CECT 8886T=KCTC 42958T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Marinomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Poaceae/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Endófitos/classificação , Endófitos/genética , Endófitos/isolamento & purificação , Ácidos Graxos/química , Marinomonas/genética , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Caules de Planta/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espanha , Áreas Alagadas
10.
J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol ; 42(10): 1353-62, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26286088

RESUMO

A bacterial strain capable of hydrolyzing sulfate ester bonds of p-nitrophenyl sulfate (pNPS) and agar was isolated from the coast area of Qingdao, China. It was identified as Marinomonas based on its 16S rRNA gene sequence and named as Marinomonas sp. FW-1. An arylsulfatase with a recovery of 13 % and a fold of 12 was purified to a homogeneity using ion exchange and gel filtration chromatographies. The enzyme was composed of a single polypeptide chain with the molecular mass of 33 kDa estimated using SDS-PAGE. The optimal pH and temperature of arylsulfatase were pH 9.0 and 45, respectively. Arylsulfatase was stable over pH 8-11 and at temperature below 55 °C. The K m and V max of this enzyme for the hydrolysis of pNPS were determined to be 13.73 and 270.27 µM/min, respectively. The desulfation ratio against agar from red seaweed Gelidium amansii and Gracilaria lemaneiformis were 86.11 and 89.61 %, respectively. There was no difference between the DNA electrophoresis spectrum on the gel of the arylsulfatase-treated G. amansii agar and that of the commercial agarose. Therefore, this novel alkaline arylsulfatase might have a great potential for application in enzymatic conversion of agar to agarose.


Assuntos
Ágar/química , Ágar/metabolismo , Arilsulfatases/metabolismo , Marinomonas/enzimologia , Alga Marinha/química , Arilsulfatases/química , Arilsulfatases/isolamento & purificação , China , Cromatografia em Gel , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Estabilidade Enzimática , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Hidrólise , Marinomonas/classificação , Marinomonas/genética , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Peso Molecular , Nitrobenzenos/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Sefarose/química , Sefarose/metabolismo , Temperatura
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 65(Pt 5): 1537-1541, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25713041

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, Na(+)-requiring bacterial strain, designated B20-1(T), was isolated from soil of the root system of mangrove forest. Cells were curved rods and motile by means of a polar flagellum. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain B20-1(T) belonged to the genus Marinomonas , sharing highest sequence similarities with Marinomonas rhizomae IVIA-Po-145(T) (97.6%), Marinomonas dokdonensis DSW10-10(T) (97.0%) and Marinomonas foliarum IVIA-Po-155(T) (96.9%). The predominant cellular fatty acids of strain B20-1(T) were C10 : 0 3-OH, C18 : 1ω7c, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH) and C16 : 0. Phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol were identified as the predominant phospholipids. The predominant ubiquinone was Q-8. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain B20-1(T) was 46.6 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic characteristics, phylogenetic analysis and DNA-DNA relatedness, a novel species, Marinomonas mangrovi sp. nov., is proposed with B20-1(T) ( =DSM 28136(T) =LMG 28077(T)) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Avicennia/microbiologia , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Marinomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Marinomonas/genética , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
12.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 106(3): 449-55, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24952743

RESUMO

A taxonomic study was carried out on strain D104(T), which was isolated from deep-sea subsurface sediment sample from the Arctic Ocean. The bacterium was found to be Gram-negative, oxidase negative and catalase weakly positive, rod shaped, motile by means of polar flagellum. The organism grows between 4 and 37 °C (optimum 25-28 °C) and 0.5-6 % NaCl (optimum 3 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain D104(T) belongs to the genus Marinomonas, with highest sequence similarities of 97.7 % to Marinomonas ushuaiensis DSM 15871(T), followed by M. dokdonensis DSW10-10(T) (96.9 %), M. arenicola KMM 3893(T) (96.7 %), M. arctica 328(T) (96.6 %) and other 18 species of the genus Marinomonas (94.4-96.5 %). The average nucleotide identity and estimated DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain D104(T) and M. ushuaiensis DSM 15871(T) were 84.24 % and 20.80 ± 2.33 % respectively. The principal fatty acids were C16:0, sum in feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c/C16:1 ω6c), sum in feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c/C18:1 ω6c) and C12:1 3OH. The G + C content of the chromosomal DNA was determined to be 44.8 mol%. The respiratory quinone was found to be Q8 (100 %). Polar lipids include phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine as major phospholipids and aminolipid and phospholipid as minor components. The results of the genotypic and phenotypic analyses indicate that strain D104(T) represents a novel species of the genus Marinomonas, for which the name Marinomonas profundimaris sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain D104(T) (=MCCC 1A07573(T) = LMG 27696(T)).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Marinomonas/classificação , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Regiões Árticas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Catalase/análise , Análise por Conglomerados , Citosol/química , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Genoma Bacteriano , Locomoção , Marinomonas/genética , Marinomonas/fisiologia , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oxirredutases/análise , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , Quinonas/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cloreto de Sódio/metabolismo , Temperatura
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 64(Pt 2): 487-494, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24105944

RESUMO

A novel aerobic marine bacterium, strain AN44(T), was isolated from the coral Fungia echinata sampled from the Andaman Sea, India. Cells were Gram-negative, motile and rod-shaped. Oxidase and catalase tests were positive. Heterotrophic growth was observed at pH 5.5-10 and at 16-42 °C, with optimum growth at pH 7-8 and 28 °C. Strain AN44(T) grew in the presence of 0.5-11% (w/v) NaCl; the optimal NaCl concentration for growth was 3-5%. The DNA G+C content was 47.8 mol%. Predominant cellular fatty acids of strain AN44(T) were C(18 : 1)ω7c, C(16 : 1)ω7c/C(16 : 1)ω6c, C(16 : 0), C(10 : 0) 3-OH, C(12 : 0), C(10 : 0), C(14 : 0) and C(18 : 0). The sole isoprenoid ubiquinone was Q-8. The polar lipids were an unidentified phospholipid, an unidentified aminophospholipid and two unidentified glycolipids. 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons revealed that strain AN44(T) clustered within the radiation of the genus Marinomonas and showed similarity of 97.9% with Marinomonas ostreistagni UST010306-043(T), 97.8% with Marinomonas aquimarina 11SM4(T), 97.1% with Marinomonas brasilensis R-40503(T) and 97.0% with Marinomonas communis 8(T). However, DNA-DNA relatedness between strain AN44(T) and closely related type strains was well below 70%. On the basis of the data from the present polyphasic taxonomic study, strain AN44(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Marinomonas, for which the name Marinomonas fungiae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is AN44(T) ( = JCM 18476(T) = LMG 27065(T)).


Assuntos
Antozoários/microbiologia , Marinomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Animais , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Índia , Marinomonas/genética , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Ubiquinona/química
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 62(Pt 9): 2062-2067, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22021582

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, motile, rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated HDW-15(T), was isolated from seawater of the Yellow Sea, Korea, and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. Strain HDW-15(T) grew optimally at pH 7.0-8.0, at 25 °C and in the presence of 2 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain HDW-15(T) fell within the clade comprising Marinomonas species, joining the type strain of Marinomonas arctica, with which it exhibited highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (97.7 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values between strain HDW-15(T) and the type strains of other Marinomonas species were in the range 93.7-97.2 %. Mean DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain HDW-15(T) and the type strains of M. arctica, Marinomonas polaris and Marinomonas pontica were 5.0-9.9 %. The DNA G+C content of the isolate was 48.7 mol%. Strain HDW-15(T) contained Q-8 as the predominant ubiquinone and C(18 : 1)ω7c, summed feature 3 (C(16 : 1)ω7c and/or iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH) and C(16 : 0) as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids found in strain HDW-15(T) were phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. Differential phenotypic properties, together with phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, showed that strain HDW-15(T) can be differentiated from other Marinomonas species. On the basis of the data presented, strain HDW-15(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Marinomonas, for which the name Marinomonas hwangdonensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HDW-15(T) (= KCTC 23661(T) = CCUG 61321(T)).


Assuntos
Marinomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Marinomonas/genética , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fosfolipídeos/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 61(Pt 5): 1170-1175, 2011 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20562247

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, aerobic bacterium, designated strain R-40503(T), was isolated from mucus of the reef-builder coral Mussismilia hispida, located in the São Sebastião Channel, São Paulo, Brazil. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that strain R-40503(T) belongs to the genus Marinomonas. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of R-40503(T) was above 97 % with the type strains of Marinomonas vaga, M. basaltis, M. communis and M. pontica, and below 97 % with type strains of the other Marinomonas species. Strain R-40503(T) showed less than 35 % DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) with the type strains of the phylogenetically closest Marinomonas species, demonstrating that it should be classified into a novel species. Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), chemotaxonomic and phenotypic analyses provided further evidence for the proposal of a novel species. Concurrently, a close genomic relationship between M. basaltis and M. communis was observed. The type strains of these two species showed 78 % DDH and 63 % AFLP pattern similarity. Their phenotypic features were very similar, and their DNA G+C contents were identical (46.3 mol%). Collectively, these data demonstrate unambiguously that Marinomonas basaltis is a later heterotypic synonym of Marinomonas communis. Several phenotypic features can be used to discriminate between Marinomonas species. The novel strain R-40503(T) is clearly distinguishable from its neighbours. For instance, it shows oxidase and urease activity, utilizes l-asparagine and has the fatty acid C(12 : 1) 3-OH but lacks C(10 : 0) and C(12 : 0). The name Marinomonas brasilensis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain R-40503(T) ( = R-278(T)  = LMG 25434(T)  = CAIM 1459(T)). The DNA G+C content of strain R-40503(T) is 46.5 mol%.


Assuntos
Antozoários/microbiologia , Marinomonas/classificação , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Análise do Polimorfismo de Comprimento de Fragmentos Amplificados , Animais , Composição de Bases , Brasil , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Marinomonas/genética , Marinomonas/metabolismo , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 61(Pt 9): 2191-2196, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20935088

RESUMO

Five novel Gram-reaction-negative aerobic marine bacterial strains with DNA G+C contents <50 mol% were isolated from the seagrass Posidonia oceanica. 16S rRNA sequence analysis indicated that they belonged to the genus Marinomonas. Major fatty acid compositions, comprising C10:0 3-OH, C16:0, C16:1ω7c and C18:1ω7c, supported the affiliation of these strains to the genus Marinomonas. Strains IVIA-Po-14b(T), IVIA-Po-145(T) and IVIA-Po-155(T) were closely related to Marinomonas pontica 46-16(T), according to phylogenetic analysis. However, DNA-DNA hybridization values <35 % among these strains revealed that they represented different species. Further differences in the phenotypes and minor fatty acid compositions were also found among the strains. Another two strains, designated IVIA-Po-181(T) and IVIA-Po-159(T), were found to be closely related to M. dokdonensis DSW10-10(T) but DNA-DNA relatedness levels <40 % in pairwise comparisons, as well as some additional differences in phenotypes and fatty acid compositions supported the creation of two novel species. Accordingly, strains IVIA-Po-14b(T )( = CECT 7730(T)  = NCIMB 14671(T)), IVIA-Po-145(T) ( = CECT 7377(T)  = NCIMB 14431(T)), IVIA-Po-155(T) ( = CECT 7731(T)  = NCIMB 14672(T)), IVIA-Po-181(T) ( = CECT 7376(T)  = NCIMB 14433(T)) and IVIA-Po-159(T) ( = CECT 7732(T)  = NCIMB 14673(T)) represent novel species, for which the names Marinomonas alcarazii sp. nov., Marinomonas rhizomae sp. nov., Marinomonas foliarum sp. nov., Marinomonas posidonica sp. nov. and Marinomonas aquiplantarum sp. nov. are proposed, respectively.


Assuntos
Alismatales/microbiologia , Marinomonas/classificação , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Análise por Conglomerados , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Marinomonas/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 60(Pt 1): 93-98, 2010 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19648336

RESUMO

Novel aerobic, Gram-negative bacteria with DNA G+C contents below 50 mol% were isolated from the culturable microbiota associated with the Mediterranean seagrass Posidonia oceanica. 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses revealed that they belong to the genus Marinomonas. Strain IVIA-Po-186 is a strain of the species Marinomonas mediterranea, showing 99.77 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with the type strain, MMB-1(T), and sharing all phenotypic characteristics studied. This is the first description of this species forming part of the microbiota of a marine plant. A second strain, designated IVIA-Po-101(T), was closely related to M. mediterranea based on phylogenetic studies. However, it differed in characteristics such as melanin synthesis and tyrosinase, laccase and antimicrobial activities. In addition, strain IVIA-Po-101(T) was auxotrophic and unable to use acetate. IVIA-Po-101(T) shared 97.86 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with M. mediterranea MMB-1(T), but the level of DNA-DNA relatedness between the two strains was only 10.3 %. On the basis of these data, strain IVIA-Po-101(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Marinomonas, for which the name Marinomonas balearica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is IVIA-Po-101(T) (=CECT 7378(T) =NCIMB 14432(T)). A third novel strain, IVIA-Po-185(T), was phylogenetically distant from all recognized Marinomonas species. It shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (97.4 %) with the type strain of Marinomonas pontica, but the level of DNA-DNA relatedness between the two strains was only 14.5 %. A differential chemotaxonomic marker of this strain in the genus Marinomonas is the presence of the fatty acid C(17 : 0) cyclo. Strain IVIA-Po-185(T) is thus considered to represent a second novel species of the genus, for which the name Marinomonas pollencensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is IVIA-Po-185(T) (=CECT 7375(T) =NCIMB 14435(T)). An emended description of the genus Marinomonas is given based on the description of these two novel species, as well as other Marinomonas species described after the original description of the genus.


Assuntos
Alismatales/microbiologia , Marinomonas/classificação , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Marinomonas/genética , Marinomonas/metabolismo , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 59(Pt 11): 2834-8, 2009 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19628606

RESUMO

A Marinomonas-like bacterium, strain KMM 3893(T), was isolated from a marine sandy sediment collected close to shore from the Sea of Japan and subjected to a phenotypic and phylogenetic study. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis confirmed the novel strain's assignment to the genus Marinomonas. Strain KMM 3893(T) constituted a separate phyletic line in the genus Marinomonas, sharing <97 % sequence similarity with respect to other recognized Marinomonas species. Chemotaxonomically, strain KMM 3893(T) contained the predominant fatty acids C(18 : 1)omega7c, C(16 : 1)omega7c and C(16 : 0) and had a DNA G+C content of 50.0 mol%. On the basis of the phylogenetic analysis and physiological and biochemical characterization, strain KMM 3893(T) represents a novel species of the genus Marinomonas, for which the name Marinomonas arenicola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KMM 3893(T) (=NRIC 0752(T) =JCM 15737(T)).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Marinomonas/classificação , Marinomonas/genética , Marinomonas/metabolismo , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 58(Pt 7): 1715-8, 2008 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18599722

RESUMO

A novel psychrotolerant, Gram-negative, motile bacterium, designated strain 328(T), was isolated from sea-ice samples collected off the Canadian Basin of the Arctic Ocean (7 degrees 23' 14'' N 14 degrees 06' 55'' W). Strain 328(T) was able to grow at 0-37 degrees C, with optimum growth at 25-27 degrees C. It possessed phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol as major phospholipids and C(10 : 0) 3-OH (31.78 %), C(18 : 1)omega7c (27.50 %) and iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH and/or C(16 : 1)omega7c (19.22 %) as predominant cellular fatty acids. The DNA G+C content of strain 328(T) was 45.2 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain 328(T) was a member of the genus Marinomonas (92.7-96.0 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic distinctiveness, strain 328(T) was considered to represent a novel species of the genus Marinomonas. The name Marinomonas arctica sp. nov. is proposed, with strain 328(T) (=CGMCC 1.6498(T)=JCM 14976(T)) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Temperatura Baixa , Camada de Gelo/microbiologia , Marinomonas/classificação , Regiões Árticas , Marinomonas/genética , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Especificidade da Espécie
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 56(Pt 10): 2271-2275, 2006 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17012546

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, aerobic, halophilic, neutrophilic, rod-shaped, non-pigmented, polar-flagellated bacterium, UST010306-043(T), was isolated from a pearl-oyster culture pond in Sanya, Hainan Province, China in January 2001. This marine bacterium had an optimum temperature for growth of between 33 and 37 degrees C. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the strain was closely related to Marinomonas aquimarina and Marinomonas communis, with 97.5-97.7 and 97.1 % sequence similarity, respectively. Levels of DNA-DNA relatedness to the type strains of these species were well below 70 %. Analyses of phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxomonic characteristics showed that strain UST010306-043(T) was distinct from currently established Marinomonas species. A novel species with the name Marinomonas ostreistagni sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate this bacterium, with strain UST010306-043(T) (=JCM 13672(T)=NRRL B-41433(T)) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Aquicultura , Marinomonas/classificação , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Pinctada/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , China , DNA Bacteriano/análise , DNA Ribossômico/análise , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Marinomonas/química , Marinomonas/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fenótipo , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
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