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1.
Afr J AIDS Res ; 18(2): 158-167, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282301

RESUMO

The study explored constructions of sexuality among young people of Venda in Limpopo, South Africa, and cultural practices that can be used to develop context-specific HIV prevention programmes. HIV prevention can be promoted by including some cultural practices in prevention programmes and changing some aspects of culture that may contribute negatively to health. Six focus group discussions were held with school-going young people (Grades 10 to 12) in urban and rural areas to explore their constructions of sexuality and HIV risk. Four focus group discussions were held with community leaders in the same areas to explore their constructions of young people's sexuality and cultural practices relevant to HIV prevention. Through discourse analysis, the following dominant discourses that influence young people's sexual risk behaviour were identified: rite of passage, the male sexual drive discourse (sex is natural and unavoidable); discourse of hegemonic masculinity (sex to prove masculinity); sex as a commodity; non-adherence to cultural practices; and HIV is normalised (AIDS is like flu). Some alternative constructions and shifts in gender norms were noticed, especially among female participants. The constructions of young people were not culture-specific but similar to those identified in other South African cultures. Community leaders identified a few cultural practices that could be considered in HIV prevention, for example, reinstating the rite of passage to provide age-appropriate sex and HIV education (behavioural intervention), and promoting traditional male circumcision (biological intervention). Cultural practices that contribute negatively to health should be challenged such as current constructions of gender roles (masculinity and femininity) and the practice that parents do not talk to young people about sex (both structural interventions).


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Sexualidade , Adolescente , Circuncisão Masculina , Feminino , Feminilidade , Grupos Focais/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Masculinidade , Fatores de Risco , Assunção de Riscos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Comportamento Sexual , África do Sul/epidemiologia
3.
Saúde Soc ; 28(2): 160-173, abr.-jun. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1014596

RESUMO

Resumo Compreender determinados grupos sociais por meio da lógica dos rituais revela, em parte, o pensar, o agir e o sentir dos sujeitos em dado contexto socioeconômico e cultural. Assim, objetiva-se analisar e discutir de que formas as masculinidades são exercidas na musculação, considerando os rituais de iniciação à dor nas práticas corporais. Pautado pela perspectiva antropológica do interacionismo simbólico, este trabalho etnográfico realizou-se numa academia de pequeno porte localizada num bairro de baixo poder aquisitivo da zona oeste do Rio de Janeiro durante um ano. Os dados indicaram que a pluralidade e a dinâmica da construção identitária entre homens determinam como a diversidade de masculinidades interfere nos modos de conceber ou cuidar do corpo, assim como no engajamento nos exercícios físicos. Esses elementos empíricos contribuem para pensar não somente na intervenção de professores de Educação Física, como também nas práticas de outros profissionais de saúde com seus públicos masculinos.


Abstract Understanding some social groups through the logic of their rituals reveals, in part, the way of thinking, acting and feeling of the subjects in a specific socioeconomic and cultural context. Thus, this study aimed to analyze and discuss how masculinity is exercised in bodybuilding, considering rituals of initiation into pain in body practices. Based on the anthropological perspective of symbolic interactionism, this ethnographic study was performed in a small fitness center located in a low-income neighborhood in the western of the city of Rio de Janeiro for one year. The data showed the plurality and the dynamics of identity constructions between men determine how the diversity of masculinities interferes in the modes of conceiving or taking care of their own body as well as in the engagement in physical exercises. These empirical elements contribute to thinking not only about the intervention of the physical education professionals, but also about the practices of other health professionals with their male public.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Educação Física e Treinamento , Comportamento Ritualístico , Academias de Ginástica , Saúde do Homem , Masculinidade , Antropologia Cultural
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31013882

RESUMO

Black men experience disproportionate mental health challenges due to their exposure to severe psychosocial stressors. Yet, the mental health challenges of Black men have largely been left out of national conversations. Strong theoretical frameworks are important when generating dialogue about the mental health of Black men, as it helps to validate the work on a larger scale while also grounding the work for more practical use. This paper presents the conceptual framework for a five-year initiative aimed at improving the living, learning, and thriving of young Black men through a social media intervention that improves their mental health, expands their definitions of manhood, and helps them to engage in social support. The Young, Black Men, Masculinities, and Mental Health (YBMen) project is a social media-based, health promotion program that targets mental health (e.g., depressive symptoms), masculine norms (e.g., definitions of manhood), and social support for young Black men using culturally-sensitive, age-appropriate, and gender-specific popular culture. The YBMen project has been successfully implemented with over 150+ Black men since 2014; findings demonstrate improved mental health outcomes, progressive definitions of manhood, and stronger social relationships. Reflections from the past and projections for the future are discussed.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/psicologia , Aprendizagem , Masculinidade , Saúde Mental , Adulto , Depressão , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Mídias Sociais , Apoio Social
5.
Behav Processes ; 164: 25-29, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002841

RESUMO

Multicomponent stimuli improve information reception. In women, perceived facial and vocal femininity-masculinity (FM) are concordant; however, mixed results are found for men. Some feminine and masculine traits are related to sex hormone action and can indicate reproductive qualities. However, most of the current research about human mate choice focuses on isolated indicators, especially visual assessment of faces. We therefore examined the cross-modal concordance hypothesis by testing correlations between perceptions of FM based on facial, vocal, and behavioral stimuli. Standardized facial pictures, vocal recordings and dance videos of 38 men and 41 women, aged 18-35 years, were rated by 21 male and 43 female students, aged 18-35 years, on 100-point scale (0 = very feminine; 100 = very masculine). All participants were Brazilian students from University of Sao Paulo. In women, facial and vocal FM correlated positively, suggesting concordant information about mate quality. Such results were not found in men, indicating multiple messages, which agree with women's multifaceted preference for male FM. In both sexes, FM of dance did not correlate with voices or faces, indicating different information and distinct process of development. We thus partially supported the cross-modal concordance hypothesis.


Assuntos
Face , Feminilidade , Masculinidade , Percepção , Caracteres Sexuais , Voz , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Psicológicos , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(1): 231-240, 2019 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916290

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the production of knowledge in the health literature about masculinities in the context of prostate cancer survivors and to analyze the implications of this relationship for the maintenance of health care. METHOD: Metasynthesis of 21 qualitative studies, performed in the LILACS, MEDLINE and CINAHL databases, with the scientific descriptors of DeCS and MeSH terms masculinity, prostate neoplasms. RESULTS: Illness due to prostate cancer imposes numerous changes in male relationships, especially the non-dominance of the body and vulnerability to treatments and their consequences. The cultural values surrounding the disease and the hegemonic behaviors have implications for the health care of men. CONCLUSION: It has been shown that this relationship makes it difficult to communicate about the disease, marital relationships and family support, mainly influencing neglect of health. The knowledge produced is useful to promote the engagement of men in strengthening care.


Assuntos
Masculinidade , Neoplasias da Próstata/complicações , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
7.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(2): 603-608, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30726391

RESUMO

This paper shows some reflections based on the authors' participation in the AWID (Association for Women's Rights in Development) Forum, which took place in Brazil, in September 2016. These reflections provide key issues about principles and controversies in the work of research and activism on/with men and feminisms, based on the long path of work on masculinities and gender equality of these authors. From the field studies and political interventions on men and masculinities that take feminism as a theoretical and ethical-political framework, we discuss the production of masculinities in the feminist social transformation in contexts that are increasingly conservative and marked by male chauvinism and patriarchy. We also discussed how gender hierarchy emerges vigorously in the contemporary Brazilian political context, from the impeachment process of former president Dilma Rousseff to the formulation ofcurrent education and health policies.


Assuntos
Feminismo , Masculinidade , Política , Direitos da Mulher , Brasil , Características da Família , Feminino , Política de Saúde , Hierarquia Social , Humanos , Masculino
8.
J Affect Disord ; 249: 278-285, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30784725

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed at describing the trends in antidepressants use (AD) by age and sex, during 2007-2011, in 5 European settings (Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Catalonia and Veneto), and to assess whether the differences found across settings could be related to economic, social and cultural determinants. METHODS: We collected data of AD use expressed in defined daily doses (DDD). Data were retrieved from population-based databases. We calculated DDD/1000 inhabitants/day. We analysed which economic, social, and cultural covariates determined between-settings differences in AD consumption. RESULTS: The use of AD showed an increasing trend during the study period, being Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors the most consumed, followed "others AD". Women and the elderly showed the highest AD consumption. Between-settings variability in AD consumption showed a positive correlation with pharmaceutical expenditure and a negative one with general practitioner's rate. After adjusting by pharmaceutical expenditure and general practitioners rate Masculinity, Long-Term Orientation and Individualism cultural dimensions were associated with AD use by using the Hofstede´s cultural dimensions model. LIMITATIONS: This study has been conducted in administrative databases, with no information on AD use by indication; differences among AD use could be related to their prescription for other disorders. Analyses were based on a small dataset and none of the results reached statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: AD use increased through 2007-2011. Pharmaceutical expenditure and General Practitioners rate, Masculinity, Long-Term Orientation and Individualism explained the differences in AD use between countries. People's attitude should be considered when designing national campaigns to improve antidepressant use.


Assuntos
Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Características Culturais , Transtorno Depressivo/tratamento farmacológico , Uso de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Antidepressivos/economia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Uso de Medicamentos/economia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Masculinidade , Honorários por Prescrição de Medicamentos , Inibidores de Captação de Serotonina/uso terapêutico , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos
9.
J Lesbian Stud ; 23(2): 279-293, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30698080

RESUMO

This article pays homage to the antique term "B.D. (bulldyke) Woman" of the 1920s and 1930s, at a moment when the rise of a universal queer subject threatens to erase specific lesbian histories. Characterized by an aggressive stance and an enormousness that confronts rather than merely protests, Black B.D. artists "stole" both masculinity and White privilege to accumulate power and cultural capital. B.D. is therefore a multilayered response to sexism, racism, and homophobia. This performance style is a product of outrage at the oppressive conditions that marked the legacy of slavery, to which B.D. blues must be viewed as a response rather than a more static sexual aesthetic style belonging to lesbian women. Such masculine bravado in Black women disrupted gender/sex alignments and notions of cisnormativity embedded in African American communities. In order to think through this historical legacy, I perform close readings of song lyrics performed by Gertrude "Ma" Rainey and Bessie Smith. The rejection of oppressive conditions occurs most acutely through the theme of travelling in songs that decenter racialized and heteronormative conceptions of home. Through this theme, Rainey and Smith expanded the phallic possibilities of their time period, and for the 2010s, these artists tamper with our staid notions of what gender, sex, and sexuality have meant in the past.


Assuntos
Identidade de Gênero , Homossexualidade Feminina/psicologia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Adulto , Afro-Americanos/história , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/história , Feminino , História do Século XX , Homossexualidade Feminina/história , Humanos , Masculinidade , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/história
10.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(5): 1633-1638, 2019 01 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30647112

RESUMO

Recent studies have called into question the idea that facial masculinity is a condition-dependent male ornament that indicates immunocompetence in humans. We add to this growing body of research by calculating an objective measure of facial masculinity/femininity using 3D images in a large sample (n = 1,233) of people of European ancestry. We show that facial masculinity is positively correlated with adult height in both males and females. However, facial masculinity scales with growth similarly in males and females, suggesting that facial masculinity is not exclusively a male ornament, as male ornaments are typically more sensitive to growth in males compared with females. Additionally, we measured immunocompetence via heterozygosity at the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), a widely-used genetic marker of immunity. We show that, while height is positively correlated with MHC heterozygosity, facial masculinity is not. Thus, facial masculinity does not reflect immunocompetence measured by MHC heterozygosity in humans. Overall, we find no support for the idea that facial masculinity is a condition-dependent male ornament that has evolved to indicate immunocompetence.


Assuntos
Face/fisiologia , Complexo Principal de Histocompatibilidade/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Beleza , Comportamento de Escolha/fisiologia , Feminino , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Imunocompetência/fisiologia , Masculino , Masculinidade , Fenômenos Fisiológicos/fisiologia , Caracteres Sexuais , Comportamento Sexual/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Drug Alcohol Depend ; 196: 57-61, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30685737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Binge drinking is prevalent among male populations. Few studies have investigated masculine role discrepancy (i.e., the perception of being less masculine than the typical 'man')/discrepancy stress (i.e., the strain caused by perceived masculine role discrepancy) and binge drinking among men. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of binge drinking among Chinese men and the associations between masculine role discrepancy and binge drinking via discrepancy stress. METHODS: A random and population-based telephone survey was conducted among Chinese male adults (n = 2000) in Hong Kong. Their levels of masculine role discrepancy and discrepancy stress and presence of binge drinking were tested. RESULTS: We found that 12.3% of the participants had binge drinking behaviors during the last three months prior to the survey. Age and marital status were significantly associated with binge drinking behaviors. Discrepancy stress was positively associated with binge drinking, and it positively mediated the relationship between masculine role discrepancy and binge drinking. However, we found a negative direct association between masculine role discrepancy and binge drinking in the mediation model. CONCLUSION: The study may shed light on a relatively new and important research direction that links up gender roles and substance use problems. It contributes to an understanding of the potential health impact of gender-role related issues as well as determinants of drinking problems.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Bebedeira/epidemiologia , Bebedeira/psicologia , Masculinidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Identidade de Gênero , Hong Kong/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Distribuição Aleatória , Adulto Jovem
12.
PLoS One ; 14(1): e0210162, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30629658

RESUMO

Previous research has suggested that women using oral contraceptives show weaker preferences for masculine men than do women not using oral contraceptives. Such research would be consistent with the hypothesis that steroid hormones influence women's preferences for masculine men. Recent large-scale longitudinal studies, however, have found limited evidence linking steroid hormones to masculinity preferences. Given the relatively small samples used in previous studies investigating putative associations between masculinity preferences and oral contraceptive use, we compared the facial masculinity preferences of women using oral contraceptives and women not using oral contraceptives in a large online sample of 6482 heterosexual women. We found no evidence that women using oral contraceptives had weaker preferences for male facial masculinity than did women not using oral contraceptives. These findings add to a growing literature suggesting that links between reproductive hormones and preferences are more limited than previously proposed.


Assuntos
Comportamento de Escolha/efeitos dos fármacos , Anticoncepcionais Orais/efeitos adversos , Heterossexualidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculinidade , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticoncepcionais Orais/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Heterossexualidade/psicologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
13.
Health Psychol ; 38(2): 162-171, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30652914

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the direct and indirect relationships between the endorsement of traditional masculinity ideology (TMI) and self-reported health status through potential mediating variables of expectations of benefits from health risk behaviors and actual health risk behaviors. In addition, the objective was to test the moderating effect of gender identity, broadly defined (including cisgender and transgender men and women and nonbinary persons). METHOD: Participants (N = 1233; 34.3% transgender) participated in an online survey, responding to measures of TMI, expectations of benefits, health behaviors, health status, and demographics. Data were analyzed using conditional process modeling. RESULTS: TMI was positively and directly associated with general health status for self-identified men (regardless of their sex assigned at birth), and with mental health for both men and women, but was not associated with physical health for persons of any gender identity. TMI was positively and directly associated with expectations of benefits for both men and women. Expectations of benefits from engaging in health risk behaviors was positively associated with health risk behaviors, and health risk behaviors had a large negative association with health status, for people of all gender identities. CONCLUSIONS: TMI may be a general and mental health protective factor for self-identified men, and a mental health protective factor for women, regardless of assigned sex at birth. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde/fisiologia , Nível de Saúde , Masculinidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
14.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 26(2): 427-443, abr.-jun. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | HISA - História da Saúde | ID: his-43380

RESUMO

El objetivo de este artículo es analizar los sentidos y prácticas androcéntricas desplegadas por generales y coroneles del ejército argentino en su reclamo contra la abolición de la prostitución reglamentada. Figuras claves de la historia argentina como Juan Domingo Perón participaron del debate por los límites y alcances del abolicionismo en vistas de proteger la salud sexual y reproductiva de los soldados. Para ello propusieron instalar burdeles cercanos a los cuarteles. A partir del análisis de informes, cartas y entrevistas propone un estudio de la producción de la masculinidad en ámbitos institucionales en perspectiva histórica.(AU)


Assuntos
Saúde Sexual e Reprodutiva , Masculinidade , Trabalho Sexual
15.
São Paulo; s.n; 2019. 220 p.
Tese em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-998595

RESUMO

Introdução - O corpo, em diferentes perspectivas, é concebido como uma fonte de transmissão de mensagens, de maneira que, mais do que enaltecer a matéria, é prestigiado o teor implícito nela, o qual pode ser interconectado com a natureza e a personalidade de seu transmissor. No campo da prostituição, no qual o corpo vale como mercadoria, os garotos de programa filtram, incorporam e reproduzem os desejos dos clientes para então construírem personagens e desenvolverem o prisma teatral da prostituição. A prostituição de luxo é manifestada como um fenômeno ainda pouco explorado em pesquisas e no meio acadêmico, o que lhe confere um caráter emblemático nos estudos de gênero e sexualidade. Objetivo - Compreender os sentidos atribuídos à masculinidade, ao uso do corpo e à prostituição entre garotos de programa de luxo da cidade de São Paulo. Método - Pesquisa qualitativa, mediante entrevistas com 8 garotos de programa de luxo. Foi utilizado um roteiro temático norteador para o levantamento do perfil socioeconômico dos participantes, assim como de relatos acerca da prática profissional e das concepções de masculinidade no campo da prostituição de luxo. Os dados foram transcritos, organizados e analisados por meio de uma aproximação com a análise de conteúdo. Resultados - Os garotos de programa, para se inserirem no mercado erótico de alto padrão, assumem um comportamento no qual encarnam aspectos caricaturais e marcantes da masculinidade hegemônica. Pode-se considerar que é no corpo e pelo corpo que eles demarcam e tornam visíveis aspectos ligados à masculinidade, à virilidade e à potência sexual. Corpos musculosos carregam os aspectos simbólicos inerentes e necessários à esta ocupação e é justamente esse reforço das normas e da performance de gênero que garante, entre outros aspectos, um lugar no mercado de luxo. Para tanto, o uso de anabolizantes é um dos principais recursos para a conquista do corpo considerado como ideal e valorizado economicamente. Observa-se que, dentre os entrevistados, a prostituição é legitimada como fonte de renda e que eles escolheram a entrada no ramo, realizando diferentes tipos de investimentos estéticos para permanecerem, já que consideram que o ganho financeiro obtido dificilmente seria possível por meio de outros empregos do mercado formal. Conclusão - A apropriação de estereótipos ligados à hegemonia pode ser interpretada como uma repetição de normas relacionadas à ideia da dominação masculina. Na busca por esses traços, clientes e profissionais do sexo tendem a reproduzir como ideais, para si mesmos e seus parceiros, os mesmos padrões excludentes aos quais foram submetidos, como uma possível fuga da feminização e de aspectos considerados desvirtuados


Introduction - The body, in different perspectives, is conceived as a source of message transmission, so that, more than praising the matter, the content implicit in it is honored, which can be interconnected with the nature and the personality of its transmitter. In the prostitution field, where the body counts as merchandise, the male prostitutes filter, incorporate, and reproduce the clients\' desires for them to build characters and develop the theatrical prism of prostitution. Luxury prostitution is manifested as a phenomenon still little explored in research and academic environment, which provides an emblematic character in gender and sexuality studies. Purpose - To understand the meanings attributed to masculinity, the use of the body, and the prostitution among luxury male prostitutes in the city of São Paulo. Method - Qualitative research made by interviews with 8 male prostitutes of high standard . For such, a thematic guide was used to guide and collect data on socioeconomic and cultural profiles of the participants, reports regarding the professional practice, and aspects regarding the purpose. The data were transcribed, organized and analyzed by approximation with the content analysis. Results - In order to be inserted in the high standard erotic market, the male prostitutes assume a behavior in which they embody caricature like and relevant aspects from the hegemonic masculinity. It can be considered that it is in the body and for the body that they mark and make visible aspects related to masculinity, virility and sexual potency. Muscled bodies carry the symbolic aspects inherent and necessary to this occupation and it is precisely this reinforcement of rules and gender performance that guarantees, among other factors, a place in the luxury market. For such, the use of anabolic is one of the main resources for the achievement of the body considered as ideal and economically valued. It is observed that, among the interviewees, the prostitution is legitimized as a source of income and that they chose to enter the industry, performing different types of aesthetic investments to remain in the industry, provided they consider that the financial gain obtained would hardly be possible through other jobs in the formal market. Conclusion - The appropriation of stereotypes linked to hegemony can be interpreted as a repetition of rules related to the idea of male domination. In the search for these features, clients and sex professionals tend to reproduce as ideals, for themselves and their partners, the same excluding patterns to which they have been subjected, as a possible escape from feminization and aspects considered to be distorted


Assuntos
Trabalho Sexual/psicologia , Corpo Humano , Masculinidade , Identidade de Gênero , Pesquisa Qualitativa
16.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 23: e170958, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002349

RESUMO

Objetiva-se conhecer as implicações da vivência de prisão preventiva por meio da história oral de homens em processo criminal por violência conjugal. Utilizou-se a história oral temática, sendo realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com 11 homens em processo criminal por violência conjugal que vivenciaram a prisão preventiva, residentes em Belém, Pará, Brasil, nos meses de junho e julho de 2015. Os dados foram organizados e categorizados segundo análise de conteúdo temática categorial. As narrativas masculinas despontaram para: implicações físicas e psíquicas, comprometimento de interação social, expressos pela exclusão familiar, problemas financeiros e dificuldade de empregabilidade. A análise das implicações da experiência de prisão preventiva permite refletir acerca da importância da articulação intersetorial, implementação de espaços reflexivos e discussões no campo das desigualdades de gênero.(AU)


This study explored the implications of the experience of preventive detention drawing on the oral histories of men being prosecuted for intimate partner violence. The oral history of 11 men living in Belém, Brazil being prosecuted for intimate partner violence and who had experienced preventive detention were collected using semi-structured interviews conducted between June and July 2015. The data was organized and categorized using thematic content analysis. The male narratives revealed physical and psychological implications and impaired social interaction, expressed by family exclusion, financial problems, and difficulty in finding employment. The analysis of the implications of experiences of preventive detention provided valuable insights into the importance of intersectorality, the creation of reflective spaces, and discussions in the field of gender inequality.(AU)


Tiene el objetivo de conocer las implicaciones de la vivencia de prisión preventiva por medio de la historia oral de hombres en proceso criminal por violencia conyugal. Se utilizó la historia oral temática, realizándose entrevistas semiestructuradas con 11 hombres en proceso criminal por violencia conyugal que experimentaron la prisión preventiva, residentes en Belém, Estado de Pará, Brasil, en los meses de junio y julio de 2015. Los datos se organizaron y categorizaron según análisis de contenido temático de categoría. Las narrativas masculinas mostraron las implicaciones físicas y psíquicas, el compromiso de la interacción social, expresados por la exclusión familiar, problemas financieros y dificultad de condición para el empleo. El análisis de las implicaciones de la experiencia de prisión preventiva permite reflexionar sobre la importancia de la articulación intersectorial, implementación de espacios reflexivos y discusiones en el campo de las desigualdades de género.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aplicação da Lei , Saúde do Homem , Masculinidade/história , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia
17.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1021121

RESUMO

Este artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación que tuvo como objetivo relacionar la experiencia de la paternidad con la configuración de la identidad en padres adolescentes. Se utilizó un enfoque histórico hermenéutico, a partir de talleres interactivos y entrevistas biográficas con guión temático. Participaron diez adolescentes, entre los 16 y 19 años de edad, que recientemente tuvieron la experiencia de ser padres. Los resultados confirman los hallazgos de otros estudios en los que se plantea que la experiencia de la pater- nidad en los adolescentes no siempre representa un hecho inconveniente. En algunos jóvenes carentes de un proyecto de vida, este acontecimiento puede contribuir a la reafirmación de la identidad personal y servir como referente para ratificar su masculinidad. Se encontró que los padres adolescentes participan activa- mente de la crianza de los hijos; sin embargo, algunos de los significados de la paternidad se encuentran aún asociados a los modelos tradicionales de masculinidad.


This article presents the results of an investigation that aimed to relate the experience of paternity with the configuration of identity in teenage parents. It is a historical hermeneutical approach, based on interactive workshops and biographical interviews with a thematic script. Ten adolescents between 16 and 19 years old, who recently had the experience of being a parent participated of the study. The results confirm the findings of other studies which address that the experience of parenthood in adolescents does not always represent an inconvenient fact. For some of the teenage parents who lack of an established life project, this event can contribute to the reaffirmation of personal identity and serve as a reference to ratify their masculinity. It was found that adolescent parents participated actively in the upbringing of their children; however, some of the meanings of fatherhood are still associated with traditional models of masculinity.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Gravidez na Adolescência , Comportamento Paterno/psicologia , Paternidade , Gravidez , Masculinidade
18.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 38(spe2): 73-87, out./ dez.2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-980774

RESUMO

O abandono de mulheres no cárcere tem sido documentado por pesquisadores do Brasil. A ausência mais apontada é dos homens que têm parceiras encarceradas. Não por acaso, nenhuma pesquisa específica sobre esses sujeitos foi encontrada na literatura nacional e internacional. Visando suprir, em parte, essa lacuna bibliográfica, foram investigados os cônjuges que frequentam duas penitenciarias femininas em dias de visitas. Através das lentes de gênero, buscou-se compreender os significados atribuídos por eles para manutenção dos relacionamentos com as companheiras presas. Para isso, realizou-se uma etnografia nas filas de espera das prisões. Na coleta, foram identificados 26 homens companheiros que regularmente frequentam o cárcere feminino em dias de visitas, dos quais quatro foram entrevistados. Embora o número encontrado ainda seja tímido, permite problematizar a categoria "abandono" na cadeia de mulheres. Acerca das trajetórias dos entrevistados, observa-se o exercício simultâneo das masculinidades hegemônica e não hegemônica. Todos são homens provedores, financeiramente estáveis e consideravelmente mais velhos que suas parceiras. Paralelamente, os quatro eram, de algum modo, cuidadores antes do encarceramento de suas companheiras. Para eles, a visita na prisão feminina representa amor, dever e cuidado. Ao mesmo tempo, entende-se que essas relações representam a possibilidade de exercício de controle e poder masculino sobre essas mulheres presas, visto que todas elas têm vidas marcadas por fragilidades familiares e sociais....(AU)


The abandonment of women in prison has been documented by Brazilian researchers. The most highlighted absence is that of men whose female partners are incarcerated. Not by chance, no specific research on these subjects was found in national or international scientific literature.Aiming to remedy, to some extent, this bibliographical gap, we investigated male partners who attend two penitentiaries in visiting days. Through gender lenses, we aimed to understand the meanings attributed by them in order to maintain their relationships with the imprisoned partners. To achieve that, we conducted an ethnography in the prison-visiting queues. In data collection, 26 male partners who regularly attend female correctional facilities were identified, four of which have been interviewed. Although these numbers are still low, they allow the problematization of the category "abandonment" within female prisons. Concerning the interviewees' trajectories, we perceived the simultaneous exercise of hegemonic and non-hegemonic masculinities. All of them are providers, financially stable and substantially older than their partners. In addition to that, the four of them were, in some way, caretakers before their partners' imprisonment. For them, visiting the female prison represents love, duty and care. At the same time, we understand that these relationships represent the possibility of exercising control and male power over these imprisoned women, since they all have lives marked by family and social frailties....(AU)


El abandono de mujeres en la cárcel ha sido documentado por investigadores en Brasil. La ausencia más notoria es la de los hombres cuyas compañeras están encarceladas. No por casualidad, ninguna investigación específica acerca de estos sujetos ha sido encontrada en la literatura nacional e internacional., Con el fin de suplir, en parte, esa laguna bibliográfica fueron investigados los conyugues que frecuentan dos penitenciarias femeninas en días de visitas. A través de las lentes de género, se buscó comprender los significados por ellos atribuidos a la manutención de la relación con sus compañeras presas. Para tal, se realizó una etnografía en las filas de espera de las prisiones. En la colecta, fueron identificados 26 hombres compañeros que frecuentan regularmente la cárcel femenina en días de visitas, entre ellos, cuatro fueron entrevistados. Aunque el número encontrado todavía sea tímido, permite problematizar la categoría "abandono" en la cárcel de mujeres. Acerca de las trayectorias de los entrevistados, se observa el ejercicio simultáneo de las masculinidades hegemónica y no hegemónica. Todos los hombres son proveedores, financieramente estables y considerablemente más viejos que sus compañeras. En paralelo, los cuatro eran, de alguna manera, cuidadores, antes del encarcelamiento de sus compañeras. Para ellos, la visita en la cárcel femenina representa amor, deber y cuidado. Al mismo tiempo, se entiende que estas relaciones representan la posibilidad del ejercicio de control y poder masculino sobre estas mujeres presas, dado que todas ellas tienen vidas marcadas por fragilidades familiares y sociales....(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Prisões , Psicologia , Masculinidade , Identidade de Gênero
19.
Oncol. (Guayaquil) ; 28(3): 202-209, 30 de Diciembre 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1000326

RESUMO

Introducción: El cáncer de próstata es una neoplasia en la cual la comunicación y el conocimiento de la población puede ayudar al diagnóstico temprano y tratamiento temprano. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar que conocen los pacientes y acompañantes sobre los procesos de comunicación educativa para la salud en cáncer de próstata. Métodos: El presente estudio descriptivo, fue realizado en el Instituto Oncológico Nacional "Dr Juan Tanca Marengo" Solca-Guayaquil. Se utilizó una encuesta de salud sobre el conocimiento de la entidad nosológica, el conocimiento de los métodos diagnósticos y la predisposición a acudir a charlas educativas. La muestra fue calculada en 80 encuestas a familiares, acompañantes y pacientes del Instituto. Resultados: Se registraron 80 encuestas. Sobre el cáncer de próstata el 52.5 % de los encuestados declara no tener conocimiento alguno sobre el mismo, un 31.25 % asegura tener poco conocimiento sobre el cáncer de próstata, y el 16.25 % declara tener un conocimiento apropiado sobre el cáncer de próstata. Sobre el diagnóstico de Cáncer de Próstata el 58.75 % de los encuestados no sabe cómo se diagnostica, un 22.5% % está informado someramente y un 18.75 % tiene conocimiento del diagnóstico. Conclusión: En este reporte se evidencia el desconocimiento sobre cáncer de próstata que tienen los encuestados sobre su concepto y diagnóstico


Introduction: Prostate cancer is a neoplasm in which communication and knowledge of the population can help early diagnosis and early treatment. The objective of this study was to investigate what patients and companions know about the processes of educational communication for health in prostate cancer. Methods: The present descriptive study was carried out in the National Drugs Institute "Dr Juan Tanca Marengo" Solca-Guayaquil. A health survey was used on the knowledge of the nosological entity, the knowledge of the diagnostic methods and the predisposition to attend educational talks. The sample was calculated in 80 surveys to relatives, companions and patients of the Institute. Results: 80 surveys were registered. Regarding prostate cancer, 52.5% of the respondents declare to have no knowledge about it, 31.25% claim to have little knowledge about prostate cancer, and 16.25% declare to have an appropriate knowledge about prostate cancer. About the diagnosis of Prostate Cancer, 58.75% of respondents do not know how it is diagnosed, 22.5%% is briefly informed and 18.75% have knowledge of the diagnosis. Conclusion: This report shows the lack of knowledge about prostate cancer that respondents have about their concept and diagnosis.


Assuntos
Humanos , Neoplasias da Próstata , Comunicação , Masculinidade , Razão de Masculinidade , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata , Educação
20.
Artigo em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-49666

RESUMO

[RESUMEN]. Objetivo. Determinar factores asociados al bienestar mental o emocional del hombre en Chile. Métodos. Estudio analítico transversal en hombres de 15 o más años en Chile. Se utilizaron datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Calidad de Vida y Salud 2015-2016 (ENCAVI). Las variables de interés correspondieron a la percepción del bienestar emocional o mental y el autorreporte de depresión o ansiedad. Se estimó la prevalencia de cada una de ellas. Se evaluó la asociación de las variables de interés con factores sociodemográficos, hábitos y salud mediante regresión logística. Resultados. El 22,6% (intervalo de confianza de 95% [IC95%]: 20,3%-25,0%) reportó una percepción de bienestar mental o emocional menos que buena, y 4,9% (IC95%: 3,8%-6,4%) declaró diagnóstico médico de depresión. La menor percepción de bienestar emocional estuvo asociada al reporte de una satisfacción sexual menos que buena, con una razón de momios (OR, por sus siglas en inglés) de 4,42 (IC95%: 3,40-5,76) seguida de calidad de sueño y apoyo social menor a lo óptimo. Se hallaron resultados similares en quienes autorreportaron depresión o ansiedad; aquí, la mayor probabilidad de este autorreporte estuvo asociada a una calidad de sueño menor que buena, presencia de al menos una enfermedad crónica y menor satisfacción sexual. Conclusión. El principal factor asociado al autorreporte de bienestar mental o emocional fue la insatisfacción con su vida sexual. Dicho resultado concuerda con que la identidad masculina se vincula con los desempeños sexuales. Es necesario avanzar en la investigación de la salud de los hombres y proporcionar orientación para iniciativas de políticas de salud.


[SUMMARY]. Objective. Determine factors associated with the mental and emotional well-being of men in Chile. Methods. Cross-sectional analytic study in men aged 15 years and older in Chile. Data from the National Survey on Quality of Life and Health 2015-2016 (ENCAVI) were used. The variables of interest were: perception of emotional and mental wellbeing, and self-reporting of depression or anxiety. The prevalence of each of these variables was estimated and logistic regression was used to evaluate their association with sociodemographic factors, habits, and health. Results. Mental well-being or emotional health was perceived as being “less than good” by 22.6% of men (CI95%: 20.3%-25.0%), while 4.9% (CI95%: 3.8%-6.4%) reported medically diagnosed depression. Perceived poor emotional well-being was associated with reporting less than good sexual satisfaction, with an odds ratio (OR) of 4.42 (CI95%: 3.40-5.76), followed by poor quality of sleep and less social support than desired. Similar results were found in men who self-reported depression or anxiety; in this group, the highest probability of these results was associated with less than good quality of sleep, the presence of at least one chronic disease, and low sexual satisfaction. Conclusion. The principal factor associated with self-reporting of mental or emotional well-being was dissatisfaction with sexual activity. This result suggests that masculine identity is linked with sexual performance. It is necessary to continue investigating men’s health and provide guidance for health policy initiatives.


[RESUMO]. Objetivo. Determinar os fatores associados ao bem-estar mental ou emocional entre homens no Chile. Métodos. Estudo analítico transversal em indivíduos do sexo masculino com idade de 15 anos ou mais no Chile. Foram usados dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Qualidade de Vida e Saúde 2015–2016 (ENCAVI). As variáveis de interesse foram percepção do bem-estar emocional ou mental e autorrelato de depressão ou ansiedade. Foi estimada a prevalência de cada uma destas variáveis e, com o uso de regressão logística, foi examinada a associação das variáveis de interesse com fatores sociodemográficos e outros fatores relacionados a hábitos e saúde. Resultados. Dos participantes, 22,6% (intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%] 20,3%–25,0%) referiram bem-estar mental ou emocional “regular” e 4,9% (IC95% 3,8%–6,4%) informaram diagnóstico médico de depressão. A percepção de bem-estar emocional menor foi associada ao relato de satisfação sexual “regular”, com odds ratio (OR) de 4,42 (IC95% 3,40–5,76), e qualidade de sono e apoio social “abaixo do ideal”. Resultados semelhantes foram observados entre os indivíduos que autorrelataram depressão ou ansiedade. Houve uma tendência maior deste autorrelato ser associado a qualidade de sono “regular”, presença de uma ou mais doenças crônicas e menor satisfação sexual. Conclusão. O principal fator associado ao autorrelato de bem-estar mental ou emocional foi insatisfação com a vida sexual. Este achado corrobora que a identidade masculina está vinculada ao desempenho sexual. É necessário aprofundar as pesquisas de saúde do homem e obter subsídios para direcionar as iniciativas de políticas de saúde.


Assuntos
Homens , Masculinidade , Saúde do Homem , Chile , Homens , Masculinidade , Saúde do Homem , Homens , Saúde do Homem , Masculinidade
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