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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 3-8, maio-ago. 2021. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1252889

RESUMO

Dentes necrosados com rizogêneze incompleta representam um desafio para os endodontistas e odontopediatras, visto que as paredes radiculares desses dentes são mais finas, o que as tornam mais susceptíveis a fraturas. Durante muitos anos a técnica preconizada foi a apicificação que ainda é bastante utilizada. Nesta técnica são realizadas trocas constantes de medicação intracanal. O dente continua fragilizado e existe o risco do paciente não concluir o tratamento já que tal técnica demanda várias sessões clínicas. Com os avanços da ciência, surge a revascularização pulpar, trazendo vários beneficíos, entre os quais estão a continuidade apical e o ganho de espessura das paredes, além do benefício de conclusão do tratamento em uma ou duas sessões. Entretanto é necessária sua proservação que leva em média dois anos. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar o nível de conhecimento dos odontopediatras e endodontistas do município de Ilhéus-Bahia, frente a casos de necrose pulpar de dentes com formação radicular incompleta. O método e forma de análise de dados foram de um estudo observacional, transversal, realizado em consultórios do município de Ilhéus-BA que foram selecionados por amostragem aleatória. Os dados foram coletados por meio de um questionário contendo 10 questões de múltipla escolha sobre revascularização pulpar, especialização do profissional e tempo de formação. 20 profissionais aceitaram participar da pesquisa. Desses, 10% não sabiam ou nunca tinham ouvido falar sobre a revascularização pulpar. Conclui-se que ainda existem especialistas no Município de Ilhéus-BA que apresentam conhecimento insuficiente sobre a terapia endodôntica regenerativa, sendo que os mesmos deveriam ter conhecimento desta técnica já que são os profissionais que prestam o atendimento ao paciente jovem com dentes necrosados, reforçando a necessidade de elaboração de estratégia de conscientização e educação de saúde para habilitação e atualização dos mesmos(AU)


Necrotic teeth with incomplete rizogenesis representa challenge for endodontists and pediatric dentists, since the root walls of these teeth are thinner, which makes them more susceptible to fractures. For many years the recommended technique was apexification, which is still widely used. In this technique, constant changes of intracanal medication are performed. The tooth remains fragile and there is a risk that the patient will not complete the treatment as this technique requires several clinical sessions. With advances in science, pulp revascularization appears, bringing several benefits, among which are the apical continuity and the gain in thickness of the walls, in addition to the benefit of completing the treatment in one or two sessions. However, its preservation is necessary, which takes on average two years. The objective of this research was to evaluate the level of knowledge of pediatric dentists and endodontists in the municipality of Ilhéus-Bahia, in the face of cases of pulp necrosis of teeth with incomplete root formation. The method and form of data analysis were from an observational, cross-sectional study, carried out in offices in the municipality of Ilheus-BA that were selected by random sampling. Data were collected through a questionnaire containing 10 multiple-choice questions about pulp revascularization, professional specialization and training time. 20 professionals agreed to participate in the research. Of these, 10% did not know or had never heard of pulp revascularization. It is concluded that there are still specialists in the municipality of Ilhéus-BA who have insufficient knowledge about regenerative endodontic therapy, and they should have knowledge of this technique since they are the professionals who provide care to young patients with necrotic teeth, reinforcing the need to develop a health awareness and education strategy to enable and update them(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Necrose da Polpa Dentária , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Necrose da Polpa Dentária/terapia , Conhecimento , Odontólogos , Endodontistas , Endodontia Regenerativa
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 24-29, maio-ago. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1252903

RESUMO

Na Odontologia, o tratamento adequado depende da condição clínica de cada paciente, do conhecimento do profissional e dos materiais empregados. As coroas com sistemas cerâmicos puros se apresentam como excelente alternativa restauradora, demonstrando potencial estético superior ao das coroas metalocerâmicas. Este presente estudo teve como objetivo, relatar um caso clínico onde se realizou uma reabilitação estética de dentes anteriores com coroas de cerâmica pura à base de dissilicato de lítio. O paciente apresentava falta de harmonia e estética entre os dentes anteriores 12,11,21 e 22, na qual foi planejado e executado a reabilitação com coroas E-max desses elementos, bem como a substituição das restaurações dos dentes inferiores anteriores, e também foi realizado a confecção de coroa E-max do dente 35. Concluímos que as reabilitações estéticas de dentes anteriores com coroas de sistemas cerâmicos puros à base de dissilicato de lítio se apresentam como uma excelente alternativa reabilitadora, na qual o tratamento multidisciplinar é um fator considerado essencial, possibilitando restabelecer a estética e a funcionalidade do sorriso do paciente, a fim de alcançar o êxito do tratamento reabilitador(AU)


In dentistry, the appropriate treatment depends on the clinical condition of each patient, the knowledge of the professional and the materials used. Crowns with pure ceramic systems are an excellent restorative alternative, demonstrating an aesthetic potential superior to that of metalloceramic crowns. This present study aimed to report a clinical case where an aesthetic rehabilitation of anterior teeth was performed with crowns of pure ceramic based on lithium disilicate. The patient had a lack of harmony and aesthetics between the anterior teeth 12,11,21 and 22, in which the rehabilitation with E-max crowns of these elements was planned and performed, as well as the replacement of the anterior lower teeth restorations, and was also made the E-max crown of tooth 35. We conclude that the aesthetic rehabilitation of anterior teeth with crowns of pure ceramic systems based on lithium disilicate is an excellent alternative for rehabilitation, in which multidisciplinary treatment is considered an essential factor, making it possible to restore the aesthetics and functionality of the patient's smile, in order to achieve the success of the rehabilitation treatment(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Cerâmica , Coroas , Reabilitação Bucal , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Estética Dentária , Restaurações Intracoronárias
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 30-34, maio-ago. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1252909

RESUMO

Dentre as principais consequências da fissura labial e/ou palatina não sindrômica (FL/ PNS) estão dificuldades com fonação e autoestima, a primeira uma questão funcional e a segunda um problema social derivado não raro de contextos de bullying que, dentre outros, podem levar o indivíduo à evasão escolar. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o atraso de escolaridade e a dificuldade de socialização de pacientes com FL/PNS quando comparados a uma população não afetada da mesma faixa etária de 7 a 20 anos, atendidos na Universidade José do Rosário Vellano ­UNIFENAS, campus de Alfenas. Os sujeitos foram agrupados em duas categorias de indivíduos, o grupo caso composto por indivíduos com FL/PNS em tratamento no Centro Pró-Sorriso da UNIFENAS; e o grupo controle composto por indivíduos sem FL/PNS em tratamento nas clínicas de Odontopediatria e Integrada da UNIFENAS. Os resultados demonstraram que a proporção de pacientes com FL/PNS atrasados na escola foi de quase 5 vezes maior que o número de pacientes sem fissuras (p<0,01). Constatou-se que a presença da FL/PNS pode ser o ponto de partida para outros contribuintes, com interferências psicológicas e/ou sociais, interferindo negativamente no processo de socialização (bullying) do paciente (p=0,0018). Portanto devem ser tratadas com abordagem multidisciplinar, incluindo diversos profissionais, dentre eles pedagogos, psicólogos e odontólogos(AU)


Among the main consequences of Non Syndromic Cleft Lip and Palate (NSCLP) are the difficulties with phonation and self estime, the first being a functional issue na the later being social that is derived from, not rarely, bullying contexts, that among other things, may lead na individual to school evasion. The objective of this study was to avaluate the levels of scholarity of patients with NSCLP when compared to a non affected population of the same age in individuals from 7 to 20 years old, attended the Pediatric and Integrated Pediatric Clinic of UNIFENAS, Alfenas campus. The subjects were grouped into two categories of individuals, the case group was composed of individuals with FL/PNS with treatment at the ProSmile center at UNIFENAS. The control group was composed of individuals without FL/PNS in treatment at the clinics of pediatric and integrated denistry at UNIFENAS. The results demonstrated the number of patients with FL/PNS that presented scholar delay were almost 5 times the number of patients that didn't present FL/PNS (p<0,01). The presence of NFL/PNS may be the starting point for other contributors with psychological and/or social interferences, interfering negatively with the socialization process (bullying) of the patient (p=0,0018). They should be treated with a multidisciplinary manner, including multiple professionals, among them pedagogues, psychologist and dentist(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Evasão Escolar , Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Bullying , Fonação , Socialização
4.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 53(1): 35-41, jun. 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1252919

RESUMO

El acortamiento y la rotación del peroné son las deformidades más frecuentemente encontradas cuando se presentan maluniones postraumáticas del tobillo resultando en ensanchamiento de la mortaja e inestabilidad astragalina, con consecuentes cambios artrósicos. Los pacientes acuden por presentar dolor y limitación en sus actividades diarias y deportivas. En el presente estudio retrospectivo se hace una evaluación de los resultados clínicos y radiológicos de 9 pacientes que se sometieron a tratamiento quirúrgico posterior a maluniones de fracturas de peroné, en los cuales se realizaron osteotomías de alargamiento y desrotación para reconstrucción del tobillo, en la Unidad de Cirugía de Pie y Tobillo del Hospital Universitario de Caracas, entre junio de 2014 y agosto del 2019. Se realizaron mediciones radiológicas pre y postoperatorias de los ángulos de inclinación astragalina, talocrural y bimaleolar, y se reportaron los cambios degenerativos articulares. Para la evaluación clínica y funcional se aplicó la Escala Análoga Visual (VAS) para el dolor, y la Escala AOFAS de retropié, evidenciándose mejoría en cuanto a dolor, función y alineación. El objetivo del tratamiento fue restituir la longitud inicial del peroné, mediante osteototomías oblicuas en el sitio de la fractura anterior, o transversas suprasindesmales, con lo cual también se corrige la alineación del astrágalo, y de esta manera prevenir o disminuir los síntomas y signos inherentes a degeneración articular progresiva(AU)


The shortening and rotation of the fibula are the most frequent deformities found when post-traumatic ankle malunions occur, resulting in widening of the mortise and talus instability, with consequent arthritic changes. Patients have pain and limitation in their daily activities and sports. In the present retrospective study, an evaluation of the clinical and radiological results of 9 patients who underwent surgical treatment after fibular fracture malunions was performed, in which osteotomies of lengthening and de-rotation were performed for reconstruction of the ankle, in the Unit of Foot and Ankle Surgery at the University Hospital of Caracas, between June 2014 and August 2019. Pre and postoperative radiological measurements of the astragaline, talocrural and bimaleolar inclination angles were performed, and degenerative joint changes were reported. For the clinical and functional evaluation, the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was applied for pain, and the AOFAS Hindfoot Scale, evidencing improvement in pain, function, and alignment. The objective of the treatment was to restore the initial length of the fibula by means of oblique osteotomies at the site of the previous fracture or suprasindesmal transverse osteotomy, which also corrects the alignment of the talus and thus prevents or decreases the symptoms and signs inherent to joint progressive degeneration(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Osteotomia , Alongamento Ósseo , Fraturas Mal-Unidas , Traumatologia , Fraturas Ósseas , Fíbula/cirurgia
5.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 53(1): 27-34, jun. 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1252908

RESUMO

Las técnicas quirúrgicas mínimamente invasivas ayudan a que el proceso natural de la consolidación ósea ocurra proporcionando estabilidad biomecánica suficiente para obtener los mejores resultados. El objetivo de este trabajo es mostrar los resultados clínicos y radiológicos del tratamiento de las fracturas diafisiarias de tibia con osteosíntesis mínimamente invasiva con placa por cara lateral. Se realizó un estudio clínico observacional, prospectivo, longitudinal y no concurrente. Se incluyeron pacientes mayores de 18 años, de ambos sexos, con diagnósticos de fracturas diafisiarias de tibia 42A, 42B ó 42C, abiertas o cerradas. Se estableció tiempo de seguimiento mínimo de 6 meses. Se incluyeron 23 pacientes, 82,60% de sexo masculino. Promedio de edad de 21±5,63(16­49) años. La fractura más frecuente fue la 42B2 en 26,00% de los casos, y 34,80% fracturas fueron abiertas. A las 12 semanas, 65,10% habían alcanzado consolidación Montoya III; y para la semana 16, 91,30% de los pacientes. De acuerdo a la escala ASAMI, se alcanzaron resultados excelentes en 100,00% pacientes para la semana 16. No se presentaron complicaciones como infección, aflojamiento séptico o aséptico del implante, ni fatiga del mismo. El uso de la técnica MIPO para tratamiento de fracturas diafisiarias de la tibia, por cara lateral es una técnica efectiva y segura, con alta tasas de consolidación, mínimas complicaciones y buenos resultados finales(AU)


Minimally invasive surgical techniques help the natural bone healing process to occur, by providing enough biomechanical stability to obtain the best results. The objective is to show the clinical and radiological results of the treatment of diaphyseal tibial fractures with minimally invasive osteosynthesis with lateral plating. An observational, prospective, longitudinal and non-concurrent clinical study was made. Patients older than 18 years, both sexes, with diagnoses of open or closed tibial shaft fractures 42A, 42B or 42C, were included. A minimum follow-up time of 6 months was established. 23 patients were included, 82,60% male. Average age of 21 years. The most frequent fracture was 42B2 in 26,00% cases, and 34,80% were open fractures. At 12 weeks, 65,10% had reached Montoya III consolidation criterias; and for week 16, 91,30% of the patients. According to the ASAMI scale, excellent results were achieved in 100,00% patients. There were no complications such as infection, septic or aseptic loosening of the implant, or fatigue of the implant. The use of the MIPO technique for the treatment of diaphyseal fractures of the tibia on the lateral aspect is an effective and safe technique, with high rates of union, minimal complications and good final results(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dispositivos de Fixação Ortopédica , Fraturas da Tíbia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Lâmina de Crescimento , Traumatologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos
6.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 53(1): 20-26, jun. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1252895

RESUMO

Cuando fracasa el tratamiento conservador en el Estadio I de Disfunción del Tendón Tibial posterior (DTTP), se debe indicar sinovectomía y debridamiento del tendón. En este estudio evaluamos la evolución con 8 años mínimo de seguimiento, de los pacientes con esta patología tratados vía tenoscópica. Este es un estudio retrospectivo de pacientes operados entre el año 2008 y el año 2011. En ese período de tiempo se intervinieron 11 pacientes con esta patología. Sólo 9 de los 11 pacientes operados pudieron ser evaluados. 7 pacientes mejoraron su sintomatología según el VAS y no progresaron a estadio II. En 3 pacientes se evidenció lesión tendinosa durante la tendoscopía y ameritaron reparación a cielo abierto. La sinovectomía tendoscópica del TTP es un procedimiento quirúrgico efectivo para tratar a los pacientes con DTTP Estadio I, rebeldes a tratamiento conservador(AU)


When conservative treatment fails for Stage I Posterior Tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD), synovectomy and tendon debridement is indicated. In this study we evaluate tendoscopic treatment results for this pathology with a minimum of 8 years follow up. This is a retrospective study of patients after tendoscopic surgery performed between 2008 and 2011. 9 of the 11 patients were available for evaluation. 7 improved their symptoms according to VAS scale, and did not progress to stage II. In 3 patients tendon tear was visualized during tendoscopy and needed open repair. PTT tendoscopy is an effective surgical treatment to treat Stage I PTTD, failing to conservative treatment(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pé Chato , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Disfunção do Tendão Tibial Posterior/patologia , Tendinopatia , Sinovectomia , Ultrassom , Crioterapia , Técnicas e Procedimentos Diagnósticos , Desbridamento
7.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 53(1): 10-19, jun. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1252872

RESUMO

El manejo de pseudoartrosis infectadas, osteomielitis y defectos óseos representa un reto enorme para el cirujano ortopedista. Hace diez años, Masquelet presentó la técnica de inducción de membrana como alternativa al manejo de las complicaciones mencionadas arriba con excelentes tasas de consolidación y erradicación del proceso infeccioso. Estudiamos una de serie de 14 casos, prospectiva, con seguimiento clínico y radiológico mínimo de 2 años (enero 2015-diciembre 2018), donde evaluamos múltiples variables en pacientes a quienes se les realizó el protocolo de Masquelet. Obtuvimos una tasa de consolidación de 85,7% (12/14). Con un tiempo promedio para alcanzarla de 6,1 meses (3-9m). Todos los pacientes que lograron la consolidación se encontraban libres de infección al final del seguimiento. Por su reproducibilidad y alta tasa de consolidación, consideramos la técnica de inducción de membrana, como una excelente opción en el manejo de pseudoartrosis infectadas complejas(AU)


The management of infected nonunions, osteomyelitis, and bone defects represents an enormous challenge for the orthopedic surgeon. Ten years ago, Masquelet presented the membrane induction technique as an alternative to the management of the complications afore mentioned with excellent rates of consolidation and eradication of the infectious process. We prospectively studied a series of 14 cases, with a clinical and radiological follow-up of at least 2 years (january 2015-december 2018). Where we evaluated multiple variables in patients who underwent the Masquelet protocol. We obtained a consolidation rate of 85.7% (12/14). With an average time to reach it of 6.1 months (3-9m). All patients who achieved union were free of infection at the end of follow-up. Due to its reproducibility and high consolidation rate, we consider the membrane induction technique an excellent option in the management of complex infected nonunions(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteomielite/complicações , Pseudoartrose/complicações , Transplante Ósseo , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Doenças Ósseas , Traumatologia
8.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 53(1): 2-9, jun. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1252676

RESUMO

El COVID-19 inicio en diciembre del 2019 en la ciudad de Wuhan, China. Actualmente estamos aprendiendo sobre la atención de los pacientes, y la adaptación del personal de salud ante la pandemia. El objetivo de esta revisión es fomentar las bases para la elaboración de un protocolo nacional en áreas quirúrgicas ante la presencia del COVID-19. Consta de 14 publicaciones de acceso libre a través de PUBMED y ELSEVIER como buscadores digitales, se enmarcaron a través de las acciones de salud de diferentes instituciones a nivel mundial, y de las labores en áreas quirúrgicas, teniendo como resultado la suspensión de intervenciones no prioritarias, conservación de las cirugías de emergencia y aquellas cuya evolución simbolice complicaciones para el paciente. La utilización adecuada de los equipos de protección personal, y la distribución de las acciones de trabajo en situaciones de riesgo ante pacientes con COVID-19 o probables. Es de destacar la utilización de redes sociales y telemedicina para continuar las actividades académicas y la difusión de información adecuada para pacientes y personal de salud(AU)


COVID-19 started in December 2019 in the city of Wuhan, China. We are currently continuing to learn about patient care, and the adaptation of health personnel to the pandemic. The objective of this review is to promote the bases for the development of a national protocol in surgical areas in the presence of COVID-19. It consists of 14 free access publications through PUBMED and ELSEVIER as digital search engines, they were framed through the health actions of different institutions worldwide, and work in surgical areas, resulting in the suspension of non-priorities surgical interventions, conservation of emergency surgeries and those whose evolution symbolizes complications for the patient. The proper use of personal protective equipment, and the distribution of work actions in risky situations with patients with COVID-19 or probable. It is worth highlighting the use of social networks and telemedicine to continue academic activities and the dissemination of adequate information for patients and health personnel(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Medidas de Segurança , Pessoal de Saúde , Infecções por Coronavirus , Assistência ao Paciente , Saúde Pública , Pandemias
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34062783

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic is a public health emergency of international concern, and the main measures to contain the spread of the coronavirus causing COVID-19 were social distancing, quarantine, and self-isolation. Although these policies are effective in containing the spread of the virus, they might represent a challenge to psychological well-being, increasing levels of depressive and anxiety-related symptoms. AIMS: We explored the frequency of anxiety and depression symptoms during COVID-19 restrictions and associations with sociodemographic factors in a Brazilian sample. METHOD: Data of a total of 936 Brazilian adults (68.2% women) aged 18 to 77 years old (M = 38.95, SD = 13.91) were collected through an online survey. RESULTS: In general, we observed a frequency of 17.36% for severe anxiety and 66.13% for severe depression symptoms, in which younger participants (18-39 years old) and women showed higher scores in anxiety and depression scales compared to older age groups. Logistic regressions showed that women were more likely to present severe symptoms of anxiety (20.4%) compared to men (10.9%), as well as respondents in the educational sector (24.3%) compared to those in the health sector (10%). CONCLUSIONS: We highlight the importance of mental health professionals in developing strategies to help younger adults to mitigate the effects of social restriction.


Assuntos
Pandemias , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(9)2021 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34063222

RESUMO

In this paper, we propose an unobtrusive method and architecture for monitoring a person's presence and collecting his/her health-related parameters simultaneously in a home environment. The system is based on using a single ultra-wideband (UWB) impulse-radar as a sensing device. Using UWB radars, we aim to recognize a person and some preselected movements without camera-type monitoring. Via the experimental work, we have also demonstrated that, by using a UWB signal, it is possible to detect small chest movements remotely to recognize coughing, for example. In addition, based on statistical data analysis, a person's posture in a room can be recognized in a steady situation. In addition, we implemented a machine learning technique (k-nearest neighbour) to automatically classify a static posture using UWB radar data. Skewness, kurtosis and received power are used in posture classification during the postprocessing. The classification accuracy achieved is more than 99%. In this paper, we also present reliability and fault tolerance analyses for three kinds of UWB radar network architectures to point out the weakest item in the installation. This information is highly important in the system's implementation.


Assuntos
Radar , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Monitorização Fisiológica , Postura , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Respiração
14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(10)2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34063340

RESUMO

The present study analyzed the multi-location external workload profile in basketball players using a previously validated test battery and compared the demands among anatomical locations. A basketball team comprising 13 semi-professional male players was evaluated in five tests (abilities/skills/tests): (a) aerobic, linear movement, 30-15 IFT; (b) lactic anaerobic, acceleration and deceleration, 16.25 m RSA (c) alactic anaerobic, curvilinear movement, 6.75 m arc (d) elastic, jump, Abalakov test (e) physical-conditioning, small-sided game, 10' 3 vs.3 10 × 15 m. PlayerLoadRT was evaluated at six anatomical locations simultaneously (interscapular line, lumbar region, knees and ankles) by six WIMU PROTM inertial devices attached to the player using an ad hoc integral suit. Statistical analysis was composed of an ANOVA of repeated measures and partial eta squared effect sizes. Significant differences among anatomical locations were found in all tests with higher values in the location nearer to ground contact (p < 0.01). However, differences between lower limb locations were only found in curvilinear movements, with a higher workload in the outside leg (p < 0.01). Additionally, high between-subject variability was found in team players, especially at lower limb locations. In conclusion, multi-location evaluation in sports movements will make it possible to establish an individual external workload profile and design specific strategies for training and injury prevention programs.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético , Basquetebol , Aceleração , Masculino , Movimento , Carga de Trabalho
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34063476

RESUMO

Vaccine hesitancy has increased in the past few years, influenced by the socio-cultural differences, political populism, or concerns related to the effectiveness and safety of some vaccines, resulting a feeling of distrust. This feeling can become a barrier against the achievement of the immunity necessary to stop the expansion of COVID-19. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acceptance of the vaccine against COVID-19 in Spain, as well as to identify the factors that have an influence on the concerns and attitudes of people against accepting the vaccine in the months prior to the start of vaccination on December 2020. An online questionnaire was created to obtain information about (1) sociodemographic characteristics; (2) concerns and sources of information about vaccines; and (3) attitudes about vaccination and state of health. A multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify the influencing factors. Of the 2501 participants, 1207 (48.3%) would accept the COVID-19 vaccine, 623 (24.9%) were hesitant, and 671 (26.8%) would reject it. The logistic regression showed that being male, older than 60, married, retired, with a high level of education, or with a leftist political inclination, could increase the probability of accepting the COVID-19 vaccine. Disinformation and the lack of political consensus were the main sources of distrust. The patients with hypertension, immunodepression, hypercholesterolemia, or respiratory disease, or were overweight, showed a greater acceptance to the vaccine, while those with cancer took the longest to accept it. A low acceptance of the vaccine against COVID-19 was observed among the Spanish population in the phase prior to its availability, and the main fears of the population were identified. It is necessary to offer correct and transparent information about these vaccines to reduce the concerns and increase the trust of the population, to thereby guarantee the success of the vaccination campaigns.


Assuntos
Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Espanha , Vacinação
16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(10)2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34063527

RESUMO

Conventional respiration measurement requires a separate device and/or can cause discomfort, so it is difficult to perform routinely, even for patients with respiratory diseases. The development of contactless respiration measurement technology would reduce discomfort and help detect and prevent fatal diseases. Therefore, we propose a respiration measurement method using a learning-based region-of-interest detector and a clustering-based respiration pixel estimation technique. The proposed method consists of a model for classifying whether a pixel conveys respiration information based on its variance and a method for classifying pixels with clear breathing components using the symmetry of the respiration signals. The proposed method was evaluated with the data of 14 men and women acquired in an actual environment, and it was confirmed that the average error was within approximately 0.1 bpm. In addition, a Bland-Altman analysis confirmed that the measurement result had no error bias, and regression analysis confirmed that the correlation of the results with the reference is high. The proposed method, designed to be inexpensive, fast, and robust to noise, is potentially suitable for practical use in clinical scenarios.


Assuntos
Redes Neurais de Computação , Respiração , Análise por Conglomerados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
17.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(5)2021 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34063707

RESUMO

Background: Meckel's diverticulum is a common congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract encountered in about 1-3% of the general population. Although most patients remain asymptomatic, a minority will experience serious complications such as acute abdomen, haemorrhage or obstructive ileus. Of all patients presenting with symptoms of obstruction due to Meckel's diverticulum 7-18% is due to volvulus. Case Report: A 39-year-old male with multiple previous episodes of obstructive ileus presented with an acute abdomen. An exploratory laparotomy was performed in order to reveal the cause of the obstruction. An internal hernia with ileal volvulus and a Meckel's diverticulum was found, which was later confirmed by histopathological examination. Conclusion: Meckel's diverticulum is a rare cause of acute abdomen and obstructive ileus which should be considered when the symptoms date back to childhood. The difficulty of preoperative diagnosis dictates the need for exploratory laparoscopy or laparotomy as diagnostic tools.


Assuntos
Obstrução Intestinal , Volvo Intestinal , Divertículo Ileal , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Volvo Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Volvo Intestinal/etiologia , Volvo Intestinal/cirurgia , Masculino , Divertículo Ileal/complicações , Divertículo Ileal/cirurgia
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34064950

RESUMO

The use of traditional medicinal plants in Saudi Arabia stems mainly from consumers' belief in prophetic medicine. This study was conducted to explore changes in patients' use of dietary or herbal supplements among individuals infected with COVID-19 before and during infection and the association between herbal or dietary supplements and hospitalization. A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was conducted enrolling symptomatic patients who had recently recovered from COVID-19. Data were collected through phone interviews, and McNemar's test was used to investigate changes to consumption of dietary or herbal supplements before and during infection. Multivariable logistic regression was used to investigate the association between supplements use during patients' infection and hospitalization. A total of 738 patients were included in this study, of whom 32.1% required hospitalization. About 57% of participants were male with a mean age of 36.5 (±11.9) years. The use of lemon/orange, honey, ginger, vitamin C, and black seed among participants significantly increased during their infection. In contrast, patients using anise, peppermint, and coffee peel before their infection were more likely to stop using them during their infection. In addition, using lemon/orange (p < 0.0001), honey (p = 0.0002), ginger (p = 0.0053), vitamin C (p = 0.0006), black seed (p < 0.0001), peppermint (p = 0.0027), costus (p = 0.0095), and turmeric (p = 0.0012) was significantly higher among nonhospitalized patients than hospitalized ones. However, in the multivariable logistic regression, only use of vitamin C (OR = 0.51; 95% CI 0.33-0.79), peppermint (OR = 0.53; 95% CI 0.31-0.90), and lemon/orange (OR = 0.54; 95% CI 0.33-0.88) was associated with significantly lower odds of hospitalization. The study reveals that patients' consumption of dietary or herbal supplements changed in response to their COVID-19 infection, with hospitalized patients having a lower likelihood of using these supplements. Because some supplements were associated with lower odds of hospitalization, these supplements or their bioactive components should be further investigated as feasible options for COVID-19 treatment.


Assuntos
Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(5)2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34065340

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Ultrasound echo intensity (EI) of the lumbar multifidus muscle (LMM) could offer valuable insights regarding muscle quality in people with low back pain (LBP). However, whether the rater's experience noticeably influences the reliability and precision of LMM EI measurements has not been established. The aims of this study were to investigate the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of LMM EI measurements, and to compare the reliability and SEM between a novice and an experienced rater. Materials and Methods: Twenty athletes (10 females, 10 males) with a history of LBP were included in this study. Transverse ultrasound images of LMM were taken at L5 in prone. LMM EI measurements were obtained bilaterally by tracing the maximum ROI representing the LMM cross-sectional area (CSA), avoiding the inclusion of bone or surrounding fascia. All measurements were performed by two novice raters and an experienced researcher. Each measurement was acquired by each rater three times for each side on three different images, and the average was used in the analyses. Raters were blinded to each other's measurements and the participant's clinical information. Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) were obtained to assess the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability. Results: The intra-rater ICC values for the LMM measurements for the experienced rater were excellent (ICC all > 0.997). The inter-rater reliability ICC values showed moderate to excellent reliability (0.614 to 0.994) and agreement between the novice raters and the experienced rater, except for Novice 1 for the right LMM, which revealed lower ICCs and a wider 95% CI. Intra-rater and inter-rater reliability results were similar when separately looking at the right and left side of the muscle and participant gender. Conclusions: Our findings support the clinical use of ultrasound imaging for the assessment of LMM EI in individuals with LBP.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , Músculos Paraespinais , Feminino , Humanos , Dor Lombar/diagnóstico por imagem , Região Lombossacral/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Músculos Paraespinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ultrassonografia
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34065482

RESUMO

Pandemic management increases the burden on healthcare workers to provide care and also affects their personal lives, with dentists being at particular risk. Therefore, we aim to describe the quality of life (QoL) and limitations experienced due to pandemic management-related measures (PanMan), as well as to assess the association of PanMan with QoL during the first lockdown after the coronavirus outbreak. We obtained data from 500 dentists (33.2% males, M/SD = 43.8) registered with the Slovak Chamber of Dentists using an online questionnaire. We categorized PanMan as the availability of personal protective equipment (PPE) and the ability to implement anti-pandemic measures, information overload, pandemic-related limitations and QoL in terms of their impact on family life and activities, housekeeping, relationships with relatives, financial situation and mental well-being. PanMan mainly affected financial situation, mental well-being and housekeeping. Factors contributing most towards the worsening of QoL were information overload (odds ratio/95% confidence interval, OR/CI: 5.79/2.64-12.71) and several pandemic-related limitations. These consisted of (OR/CI): a lack of PPE (5.17/2.48-10.77), infection risks in the work environment (3.06/1.57-5.95), obligatory safety measures (3.02/1.47-6.21), lack of staff (2.85/1.30-6.25) and client concerns (3.56/1.70-7.49). Pandemic management has led to a considerable worsening of dentists' QoL.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Odontólogos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Eslováquia/epidemiologia
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