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1.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210182, 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1350746

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo descrever as contribuições terapêuticas da utilização de tecnologias não invasivas de cuidado, oferecidas por enfermeiras obstétricas, durante o trabalho de parto. Método estudo qualitativo e descritivo, com oito enfermeiras obstétricas da casa de parto do Rio de Janeiro. Os dados foram coletados de setembro a dezembro de 2018, através de entrevistas semiestruturadas, e submetidos à técnica de análise temática. Resultados para aliviar a dor e promover relaxamento, recorrem ao estímulo à participação do acompanhante e à respiração consciente, à aplicação da massagem, à promoção do ambiente acolhedor e ao uso da água morna e dos óleos essenciais. Para ativar o trabalho de parto, auxiliar na descida da apresentação e correção do posicionamento fetal, incentivam posicionamentos verticalizados e movimentos corporais, com alguns instrumentos. Conclusões e implicações para a prática tecnologias não invasivas de cuidado possuem contribuições terapêuticas e conformam um cuidado desmedicalizado, respeitoso e centrado na mulher, que promove a autonomia feminina.


Resumen Objetivo describir las contribuciones terapéuticas de la utilización de tecnologías de atención no invasivas que ofrecen las enfermeras obstétricas durante el trabajo de parto. Método estudio cualitativo y descriptivo, con ocho enfermeras obstétricas de una casa de partos de Río de Janeiro. Los datos fueron recolectados de septiembre a diciembre de 2018, a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas, y sometidos a la técnica de análisis temático. Resultados para aliviar el dolor y favorecer la relajación, se recurre a fomentar la participación del acompañante y la respiración consciente, la aplicación de masajes, la promoción de un ambiente acogedor y el uso de agua tibia y aceites esenciales. Para activar el trabajo de parto, facilitan en el descenso de la presentación y corrección del posicionamiento fetal, fomentan las posiciones verticales y los movimientos corporales, con algunos instrumentos. Conclusiones e implicaciones para la práctica las tecnologías de atención no invasiva tienen aportes terapéuticos y conforman un cuidado desmedicalizado, respetuoso y centrado en la mujer que promueve la autonomía femenina.


Abstract Objective to describe the therapeutics contributions of the use of non-invasive care technologies offered by obstetric nurses during labor. Method a qualitative and descriptive study, with eight obstetric nurses from a birthing center in Rio de Janeiro. Data were collected from September to December 2018, through semi-structured interviews, and subjected to thematic analysis technique. Results to relieve pain and promote relaxation, they resort to encouraging the companion's participation and conscious breathing, the application of massage, the promotion of a supportive environment and the use of warm water and essential oils. To activate labor, assist in descending the presentation and correction of fetal positioning, they encourage vertical positioning and body movements, with some instruments. Conclusions and implications for practice non-invasive care technologies have therapeutic contributions and form a not medicalized, respectful and women-centered care that promotes female autonomy.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trabalho de Parto , Dor do Parto/enfermagem , Humanização da Assistência , Enfermeiras Obstétricas , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Óleos Voláteis/uso terapêutico , Caminhada , Aromaterapia/enfermagem , Autonomia Pessoal , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Dor do Parto/terapia , Hidroterapia/enfermagem , Massagem/enfermagem , Musicoterapia
2.
J Palliat Care ; 37(1): 41-47, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213233

RESUMO

Evidence for massage therapy (MT) in hospice patients remains limited. We conducted a prospective pilot study on MTs impact on quality of life of hospice patients and caregivers. Patient-caregiver dyads were enrolled if patients scored ≥5 on pain, depression, anxiety, or well-being using the revised Edmonton Symptom Assessment System Revised (ESAS-r). The patient received MT weekly for up to 3 massages with assessments completed at baseline, after each massage, and 1 week after the final massage for patients and at baseline and 1 week after final massage for caregivers. A satisfaction survey was completed at study completion. A pro-rated area under the curve (AUC) was utilized to assess the primary endpoints of change in ESAS-r for patient ratings of pain, depression and anxiety as well as the Linear Analogue Self-Assessment (LASA). Median difference scores (end of study value)-(baseline value) for each participant and caregiver were calculated. Of 27 patients and caregivers enrolled, 25 patients received MT. Fifteen patients completed all 3 MT sessions and were given the final symptom assessment and satisfaction survey and their caregivers completed final assessments. The proportion of patients considered success (AUC > baseline) in the primary endpoints were the following: pain 40.9%, depression 40.9%, anxiety 54.5%, LASA 54.5%. Median difference scores were largely zero indicating no significant temporal change in symptoms. Patients were highly satisfied with MT. This pilot study indicated that MT was a feasible and well-received intervention in our population of patients with inadequately controlled symptoms.


Assuntos
Hospitais para Doentes Terminais , Neoplasias , Cuidadores , Humanos , Massagem , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida
3.
Holist Nurs Pract ; 36(1): 17-27, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783697

RESUMO

Although hemodialysis treatment is one of the main treatment methods in chronic kidney failure, it also causes many health problems. A variety of complementary and integrative therapies are used to relieve or minimize hemodialysis symptoms. Fatigue (60%-97%) is also one of these problems. Therefore, we have conducted a systematic review to determine the effect of complementary and integrative therapies on fatigue in hemodialysis patients. Relevant studies published from 2005 to 2019, in PubMed, EBSCOhost, ScienceDirect, and Cochran Library databases have been reviewed. In the study, initially, 21 039 pieces of data were obtained, and then 14 randomized controlled studies meeting the inclusion criteria were reviewed. The methodological qualities of the articles included in the study were determined by using the quality evaluation checklist in Jadad randomized controlled studies. In the literature, acupressure, aromatherapy, reflexology, massage, and yoga practice were found to be applied to hemodialysis patients and be effective in reducing pain and anxiety as well as improving sleep quality. It is recommended that these methods be included in the routine clinical care of patients receiving hemodialysis.


Assuntos
Aromaterapia , Fadiga , Ansiedade , Fadiga/etiologia , Fadiga/terapia , Humanos , Massagem , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos
4.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 43(12): 968-979, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34933391

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present systematic review meta-analysis is to assess the effect of olfactory stimulation on reducing dysmenorrhea. METHODS: Systematic search was conducted in several databases, such as PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, and Scopus, to identify relevant research up to October 26, 2019. The identified studies were evaluated based on a modified Jadad scale. The intervention involves aromatherapy alone or in combination with essential oils. There was no restriction for the control group such as a placebo group or other common treatments. The Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Version 2 (Bio stat, Englewood, NJ, USA) was used for meta-analysis. Cochran's Q and I2 tests were utilized. RESULTS: The findings of our meta-analysis, which contained 13 trials (15 data), showed that dysmenorrhea decreased significantly in the group receiving aromatherapy with herbal compared with the control group (standardized mean difference [SMD] = -0.795; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -0.922 to- 0.667; 17 trials O < 0.001); heterogeneity; I2 = 19.47%; p = 0.236). In addition, four studies with insufficient data were not included in our meta-analysis. The results of all studies suggested that aromatherapy with herbal medicine group compared with control group is effective. CONCLUSION: Aromatherapy with herbal medicine decreased dysmenorrhea. This treatment was particularly effective when aroma oil was combined with massage or when a mixture of aroma oil was used for the treatment of dysmenorrhea.


OBJETIVO: O objetivo desta revisão sistemática-metanálise é avaliar o efeito da estimulação olfatória na redução da dismenorreia. MéTODOS: Pesquisa sistemática foi realizada em várias bases de dados, como PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane e Scopus para identificar pesquisas relevantes até 26 de outubro de 2019. Os estudos identificados foram avaliados com base em uma escala de Jadad modificada. A intervenção envolve aromaterapia sozinha ou em combinação com óleos essenciais. Não houve restrição para o grupo de controle, como um grupo de placebo ou outros tratamentos comuns. O Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Version 2 (Bio stat, Englewood, NJ, EUA) foi usado para meta-análise. Os testes Q e I2 de Cochran foram utilizados. RESULTADOS: Os resultados da nossa meta-análise, que continha 13 ensaios (15 dados), mostraram que a dismenorreia diminuiu significativamente no grupo que recebeu aromaterapia com ervas em comparação com o grupo de controle (diferença média padronizada [DMP] = -0,795; intervalo de confiança [IC] de 95%: -0,922 a- 0,667; 17 ensaios O < 0,001); heterogeneidade; I2 = 19,47%; p = 0,236). Além disso, quatro estudos com dados insuficientes não foram incluídos em nossa meta-análise. Os resultados de todos os estudos sugeriram que a aromaterapia com o grupo de fitoterápicos em comparação com o grupo de controle é eficaz. CONCLUSãO: A aromaterapia com fitoterapia diminuiu a dismenorreia. Este tratamento foi particularmente eficaz quando o óleo aromático foi combinado com massagem ou quando uma mistura de óleo aromático foi usada para o tratamento da dismenorreia.


Assuntos
Aromaterapia , Dismenorreia/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Massagem
5.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(12): 1343-6, 2021 Dec 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34936272

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of Wangbuliuxing (semen vaccariae) combined with massage at breast and acupoint on breastfeeding and lactation function in cesarean section women. METHODS: A total of 120 cases of cesarean section women were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 60 cases in each group. The control group was treated with routine nursing. On the basis of the control group, the observation group was treated with oral administration of Wangbuliuxing decoction, twice a day for 7 days; in addition, massage at breast and acupoint (Zhongfu [LU 1], Yunmen [LU 2], Danzhong [CV 17], 2 min per acupoint per time) was given, twice a day for 7 days. The onset time of lactation, 48-hour postpartum lactation volume, breast swelling and pain, 42-day postpartum breastfeeding were compared between the two groups; the serum levels of prolactin at 48 and 72 h after delivery were measured, and the body mass of newborns at birth and 42 d after delivery were recorded. RESULTS: The onset time of lactation in the observation group was earlier than that in the control group (P<0.05), the 48-hour postpartum lactation volume was higher than the control group (P<0.05), and the breast swelling pain 48 h after delivery was lighter than the control group (P<0.05). Forty-two days after delivery, the success rate of breastfeeding in the observation group was 91.7% (55/60), which was higher than 76.7% (46/60) in the control group (P<0.05). At 48 and 72 h after delivery, the level of serum prolactin in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). On 42 d after delivery, the body mass of newborns in the two groups was higher than that at birth (P<0.05), and that in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Wangbuliuxing combined with massage at acupoint and breast could significantly shorten the onset time of lactation, improve the lactation volume, effectively improve breast swelling and pain, increase breastfeeding rate and promote the growth and development of newborns.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Cesárea , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Lactação , Massagem , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez
6.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 2883597, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34900180

RESUMO

Objective: Breast milk is the best food for newly born infants because it is more digestible and can relieve infants' gastrointestinal burdens. The purpose of this study was to investigate the application effect of abdominal acupoint massage on feeding intolerance in premature infants. Methods: A total of 50 premature infants with feeding intolerance admitted to our hospital from January 2018 to October 2019 were selected and randomly divided into the control group (n = 25) and the experimental group (n = 25). Among them, the premature infants in the control group received routine therapy, while based on the treatment in the control group, the premature infants in the experimental group were treated with abdominal acupoint massage. After that, the incidence of feeding intolerance, MNA nutritional status score, body mass, development state, length of hospital stay, and response rate were all compared between the two groups to analyze the application effect of abdominal acupoint massage on feeding intolerance in premature infants. Results: The incidence of feeding intolerance of the premature infants in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group, with statistically significant differences (P < 0.05); the MNA nutritional status scores of the premature infants in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group, with statistically significant differences (P < 0.05); the body mass and development state of the premature infants in the experimental group were significantly better than those in the control group, with statistically significant differences (P < 0.05); the length of hospital stay of the premature infants in the experimental group was significantly shorter than that in the control group, with statistically significant differences (P < 0.05); the response rate in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group, with statistically significant differences (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Abdominal acupoint massage therapy can significantly reduce the incidence of feeding intolerance, shorten the length of hospital stay, and improve nutritional status, development state, and response rate in premature infants, with obvious therapeutic effect, which is worthy of application and promotion in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Massagem
7.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(12)2021 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34920996

RESUMO

A 69-year-old man was presented to our emergency department with acute onset of hemianopsia, aphasia and dizziness. He reported that while he was sitting in front of his computer at home, he had performed a bilateral self-massage of his carotid arteries when suddenly the symptoms occurred. A neurological examination revealed a hemianopsia with a visual field loss on the right side. In addition, a mild aphasic syndrome with agraphia and a word-finding disorder (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS): 3 points) was diagnosed. The initial brain CT scan with CT angiography showed neither an intracerebral haemorrhage nor a cerebral infarction. Also, no occlusion or any signs of artery dissection or a flow relevant stenosis of the brain supplying arteries were found. After excluding other contraindications, an intravenous thrombolysis with weight-adapted alteplase was performed. The symptoms of the patient significantly improved in the short-term follow-up. Three days after admission no neurological deficits remained. The MRI of the brain revealed multifocal, small, left hemispherical strokes in the middle cerebral artery territory. In general, watershed infarcts after carotid sinus self-massage follow a rare ischaemic stroke mechanism. This case emphasises the importance of a detailed anamnestic evaluation to determine the aetiological classification of ischaemic stroke as well as educating patients' (poststroke) behaviour.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Idoso , Seio Carotídeo , Infarto Cerebral/complicações , Infarto Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Massagem , Estados Unidos
8.
Gac Sanit ; 35 Suppl 2: S168-S170, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34929803

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research is to know the effect of oxytocin massage and breast care on the increase of breast milk production. METHOD: This pre-experimental research was performed through the One Group Pretest-Posttest design. The sampling was done through non-probability sampling and purposive sampling, obtaining 30 samples. The data were collected in the form of a questionnaire, which was then analyzed using the Mc Nemar test. RESULT: It was known that the production of breast milk during pre-intervention was poor on 18 respondents and adequately a lot on the other 12 respondents. Meanwhile, during the post-intervention, the production of breast milk on the 18 respondents whose previously breast milk production was poor then become adequate on the seven respondents, while the remaining 11 respondents still produced less breast milk. The statistical test result showed a P value of 0.016, which means that the P is less than 0.05. CONCLUSION: Oxytocin massage and breast care affected the increase of breast milk production considered based on the frequency and duration of breastfeeding as well as the infants' weight in Lawanga Public Health Center, Poso District.


Assuntos
Lactação , Massagem , Leite Humano , Ocitocina , Adulto , Mama , Aleitamento Materno , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia , Lactente , Mães , Saúde Pública , Adulto Jovem
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to compare the effect of vibration massage and passive rest on accelerating the process of muscle recovery after short-term intense exercise. METHODS: Eighty-four healthy men aged 20 to 25 years participated in the study. Study participants performed isometric (ISO-M Group) and auxotonic (AUX-M group) contraction exercise in the lower limbs. Vibration massage was administered after exercise in the first recovery period. In the same period, controls rested passively, without the support of vibration massage. To assess the effectiveness of the applied vibration, a 4-fold measurement of the maximum force of the muscles involved in the exercise was performed under conditions of isometric contractions on a leg press machine set at an angle of 45° degrees upwards. RESULTS: Differences in maximum strength during isometric contraction were found compared to baseline in favor of the groups subjected to the experimental vibration massage. Differences were demonstrated in muscle strength between the study groups (p < 0.005). The second period of passive rest in all groups did not bring significant changes in the values of maximal lower limb strength. CONCLUSIONS: Properly selected characteristics of the vibration effect can be an effective method in accelerating recovery and regaining lost motor capabilities of muscle groups fatigued by exercise. This offers the potential to shorten rest periods between sets of repetitions in training or between training units.


Assuntos
Músculo Esquelético , Vibração , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Masculino , Massagem , Força Muscular
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770213

RESUMO

There is now compelling evidence of the effectiveness of a range of post-exercise recovery techniques, including extended nights of sleep, cold water immersion, massage, and compression garments. Currently, limited information is available on post-exercise recovery methods used by elite endurance athletes. Therefore, this study investigated the actual methods of recovery used in this group of athletes. Google Forms were used to collect information on the recovery methods used by elite endurance track and field athletes (n = 153, 61.4% men, 38.6% women; average age: 22.7 ± 4.6 years). The most used methods of recovery were sauna bathing (96.7%), massage (86.9%), daytime nap (81.0%), and long night sleep (at least 9h) (61.4%). Recovery methods with proven effectiveness such as cold water immersion and compression garments were rarely used (15.0% and 7.8%, respectively). Overall, recovery methods were used more often when the tiers of the track and field athletes were higher. Massage and sauna bathing were the most used methods of post-exercise recovery among Russian endurance track and field athletes. In most cases, they were used in conjunction with short daytime nap and long night sleep. Higher tier athletes were more likely to use sauna bathing, massage, long night sleep, and daytime nap but not cold water immersion and compression garments as recovery methods; however, all these methods except for cold water immersion were widely used among elite-tier athletes.


Assuntos
Atletas , Exercício Físico , Adolescente , Adulto , Temperatura Baixa , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Massagem , Prevalência , Sono , Adulto Jovem
11.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 68(6): 32-42, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hospice shared care is a model of care widely used in patients with terminal cancer. Appropriate interventions to improve related symptoms should be provided during disease progression through the end of life. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the related symptoms and to compare symptom severity before and after the implementation of hospice shared care and medical care interventions. METHODS: Fifty patients with terminal cancer were enrolled in this longitudinal, quasi-experimental research. Inclusion criteria included having an expected life span of < 6 months and agreeing to enter hospice shared care. RESULTS: The three most-frequently noted physical symptoms were, in rank order: "pain", "weakness", and "dyspnea". In terms of severity, "pain" was the most severe, followed by "weakness" and "disturbance of sleep". The three most-frequently noted psychological symptoms were, in rank order: "depression", "worry about the disease", and "afraid of dragging others down". In terms of severity, "depression" was the most severe, followed by "anxiety" and "worry about the disease". The frequency and severity of the top-3 social and spiritual distress symptoms were, in rank order: "unfinished wish", "economic difficulties", and "painlessness". During the study period, the severity of physical symptoms improved gradually, while the severity of psychological symptoms improved significantly. The top-3 items in the original medical team`s hospice-care interventions were, in rank order: "tube care", "laboratory test", and "wound care" in the non-pharmacological category; "symptom control medication", "antibiotic injection", and "intravenous fluid infusion" in the pharmacological category; and "cognitive clarification of the prognosis condition", "do not conduct resuscitation discussions and signing", and "emotional stress consoling" in the problem-coordination and interview categories. The interventions implemented by the hospice specialist team included "emotional stress interview", "team communication", and "cognitive clarification of prognosis condition" in the problem coordination and interview categories, and "massage", "consultation", and "nursing advice" in the non-pharmacological category. CONCLUSIONS / IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The symptoms identified in this study provide clinical staff with a reference for the rapid assessment of patients with terminal-stage cancer. Manpower from various professional fields are committed to providing diversified services in the care teams, which positively affect the control of related symptoms. The experience presented in this article may be used as a reference to promote the hospice shared care model.


Assuntos
Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Hospitais para Doentes Terminais , Neoplasias , Assistência Terminal , Ansiedade , Humanos , Massagem , Neoplasias/terapia
12.
Psychiatr Danub ; 33(Suppl 4): 757-761, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34718314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The main benefits of cryotherapy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are in reducing inflammation and swelling and in relieving joint pain. This study aimed to compare the short-term effects of cold air therapy vs. ice massage, on pain and handgrip strength (HGS) in patients with RA. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study is a non-randomized clinical trial. Patients were recruited if they had disease activity score (DAS28) ≥3.2 with at least 2 swollen joints on the dominant hand and were consecutively divided into two groups of 15 patients. There was no statistically significant difference in DAS28 score between groups. The first group received cold air therapy at -30°C and the second ice massage of the hands. The pain (visual analogue scale, 0-10), and HGS (kg) were measured immediately prior and after cryotherapy, and 30 and 60 minutes after cryotherapy. Descriptive statistics, Independent Samples T-test, and Paired Samples T-test were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Pain intensities for cold air therapy were as follows: 5.33 (±2.44), 3.13 (±2.67), 2.87 (±2.56), 2.80 (±2.73), and for ice massage were: 5.20 (±2.37), 2.87 (±2.42), 2.60 (±2.23), 2.67 (±2.28). In both groups pain was significantly lower immediately after, 30 and 60 minutes after the treatment compared to the baseline (p=0.001). There was no significant difference in pain alleviation between the groups regarding the used method of cryotherapy on all three measured time points. Nonsignificant improvement in HGS occurred after both methods of cryotherapy. There was no significant correlation between pain intensity and HGS. CONCLUSIONS: A single application of cold air therapy and ice massage equally provides immediate and significant pain alleviation in patients with active RA, which is maintained for one hour. There is scientific evidence that HGS is influenced greatly by the disease activity. A single application of cryotherapy could not reduce disease activity explaining recorded nonsignificant effect on HGS.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Gelo , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Crioterapia , Força da Mão , Humanos , Massagem , Dor/etiologia
13.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 3776006, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630985

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to explore the curative effects on senile refractory facial paralysis treated by penetration electroacupuncture combined with intermediate frequency electrotherapy, facial acupoint massage, and cervical reduction on facial nerve. Methods: 106 elderly patients with intractable facial paralysis that were retrospectively analyzed were all admitted from January 2019 to June 2020. The 106 patients were evenly divided into 2 groups according to the treatment method. The control group was treated with penetration electroacupuncture, while the observation group was treated with penetration electroacupuncture plus intermediate frequency electrotherapy + facial acupoint massage + cervical reduction treatment. Then, House-Brackmann (H-B) facial nerve function evaluation, RPA score, TCM syndrome score, disease remission rate, and incidence of adverse events were evaluated and compared between the two groups. Results: After 4 weeks of treatment, the H-B facial nerve function grading in the observation group was better than that in the control group (P < 0.05). And the disease remission rate after 1 week, 2 weeks, and 4 weeks of treatment was higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, the TCM syndrome score and RPA score after 2 weeks and 4 weeks of treatment were better than that in the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: For the elderly patients with refractory facial paralysis, the application of the combined treatment that penetration electroacupuncture + medium frequency electrotherapy + facial acupoint massage + cervical adjustment can significantly improve the facial nerve function and reduce various diseases, and the effect of this combined treatment plan is more significant than that of penetration electroacupuncture treatment.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Paralisia Facial , Pontos de Acupuntura , Idoso , Nervo Facial , Paralisia Facial/terapia , Humanos , Massagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258796, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665845

RESUMO

Traffic police riders are exposed to prolonged static postures causing significant angular deviation of the musculoskeletal, including the lumbar angle (L1-L5). This postural alteration contributes to awkward posture, musculoskeletal disorders and spinal injury, especially in the lower back area, as it is one of the most severe modern diseases nowadays. Thus, the study aimed to evaluate the effect of lumbar support with a built-in massager system on spinal angle profiles among traffic police riders. A randomised controlled trial (pre-testpost-test control design) was used to assess spinal angle pattern while riding the high-powered motorcycle for 20 minutes. Twenty-four traffic police riders were randomly selected to participate and 12 riders were assigned to the control group and 12 riders to the experimental group. The pre-test and post-test were conducted at a one-week interval. Each participant was required to wear a TruPosture Smart Shirt (to monitor spinal posture). The TruPosture Apps recorded the spinal angle pattern. The data indicated that the police riders using motorcycle seat with lumbar support and built-in massager system showed a huge improvement in maintaining posture which only involves slight spinal angle deviation changes from the spinal reference angle throughout the 20 minutes ride. The data collected then were analysed using the Mann-Whitney test and Wilcoxon signed-ranked test to verify a statistically significant difference between and within the control and experimental groups. There were significant differences in all sensors between the control group and experimental groups (p<0.05) and within the experimental group. According to the findings, it can be said that the ergonomic intervention prototype (lumbar support with built-in massager system) successfully helps to maintain and improve the natural curve of the spinal posture. This indirectly would reduce the risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders and spinal injury among traffic police riders.


Assuntos
Ergonomia/instrumentação , Massagem/instrumentação , Motocicletas , Postura/fisiologia , Coluna Vertebral/anatomia & histologia , Adulto , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Aplicativos Móveis , Polícia , Coluna Vertebral/fisiologia , Tecnologia sem Fio , Adulto Jovem
15.
Psychiatr Danub ; 33(Suppl 10): 63-70, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672274

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to explore the efficiency of massage in the treatment of masseter myalgia compared with biostimulatory laser. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The instrument Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders was used to select subjects and monitor treatment outcome. 54 subjects with masseter myalgia of more than 3 months in duration were invited to participated and 42 cases were available at the end and analyzed. Age range was 16-67 years (median 33, interquartile range 25-53), 36% subjects was ≥40 years and there were 62% females in both groups. Both treatment groups (self-massage and laser) had 21 participants and were monitored one months after the start of treatment. Age, gender, distress, somatization, catastrophizing, hypervigilance, health competence and oral parafunctions were also assessed as factors that could influence effectiveness of treatment. RESULTS: Laser and massage are effective in reducing symptoms of chronic myalgia of the masseter in self-reported limitation of jaw function and reducing pain intensities (p<0.001). Increase of mouth opening was present in both groups, but mainly significant in laser group. The differences in the amount of change between groups were not significant. Psychological characteristics and parafunctions, present before the treatment, age and gender did not have major affect the effectiveness of treatment. CONCLUSION: Both treatment modalities are effective in treatment of chronic myalgia in short-term.


Assuntos
Músculo Masseter , Mialgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Lasers , Masculino , Massagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mialgia/terapia , Medição da Dor , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Athl Train ; 56(10): 1100-1111, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662422

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) is a popular myofascial intervention used by health care professionals. OBJECTIVE: To document IASTM clinical practice patterns among health care professionals in the United States. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Online survey. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 853 members of the National Athletic Trainers' Association (n = 249) and the American Physical Therapy Association (n = 604). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Responses to a 55-item electronic survey that assessed 4 areas, namely, IASTM training and experience, IASTM application, perception of IASTM in practice, and demographic information. RESULTS: Most (n = 705, 83%) of the 853 respondents used IASTM in their practice, and they had an average of 15 years of work experience. Approximately 86% (n = 731) reported completing some type of formal training, and 61% (n = 518) had completed some type of informal training. Respondents used >34 different IASTM tools. Seventy-one percent (n = 606) indicated either not knowing how to quantify the amount of force applied by the tool during treatment or not trying to quantify. Fifteen percent (n = 128) estimated a force ranging from 100 to 500g. The treatment time for a specific lesion and location ranged from 1 to ≤5 minutes, with an average total treatment time of 14.46 ± 14.70 minutes. Respondents used 31 different interventions before or after IASTM. Approximately 66% (n = 564) reported following treatment recommendations, and 19% (n = 162) described rarely or never following recommendations learned during training. A total of 94% (n = 801) recounted using some type of clinical outcome measure to assess their treatment. Cluster analysis identified 3 distinct cluster groupings among professionals, with most (89%, n = 729/818) indicating that IASTM was an effective treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This survey documented the IASTM practice patterns of health care professionals. Cluster profiles characterized group differences in IASTM training and clinical application. The gaps among research, clinical practice, and training need to be bridged to establish IASTM best practices.


Assuntos
Padrões de Prática Médica , Esportes , Estudos Transversais , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Massagem , Estados Unidos
17.
Clin J Oncol Nurs ; 25(5): 539-545, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pain and nausea affect a significant number of patients with cancer. Applying foot reflexology to this population has had some positive effects, but more studies are needed to confirm its efficacy. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effects of foot reflexology on pain and nausea among inpatients with cancer as compared to traditional nursing care alone. METHODS: A pilot study was conducted with adult patients with cancer hospitalized on a 24-bed inpatient oncology unit. Using convenience sampling, 40 patients provided consent and were randomized into either the intervention or control group. Each group had a treatment session of 20-25 minutes in which pre- and postsession surveys were completed, with reflexology performed in the intervention group only. FINDINGS: Results show that foot reflexology significantly decreases pain for inpatients with cancer as compared to traditional nursing care alone. Although the effects on nausea are not statistically significant, they may be clinically relevant; the mean changes in pre- and postsession nausea ratings indicate at least some decreased nausea among patients in the intervention group.


Assuntos
Manipulações Musculoesqueléticas , Neoplasias , Adulto , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Massagem , Náusea/etiologia , Náusea/terapia , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/terapia , Dor , Projetos Piloto
18.
J Sport Rehabil ; 30(8): 1178-1186, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525452

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Understanding if roller massage prior to a run can mitigate fatigue-related decrements in muscle force production during prolonged running is important because of the association between fatigue and running-related injury. OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated whether a bout of roller massage prior to running would (1) mitigate fatigue-related increases in vertical average load rate and free moment of the ground reaction force of running and (2) mitigate decreases in maximal countermovement jump height. DESIGN: Repeated-measures study. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 14 recreational endurance athletes (11 men and 3 women) volunteered for the study. INTERVENTIONS: A 12.5-minute foam roller protocol for the lower extremities and a fatiguing 30-minute treadmill run. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Vertical average load rate, free moment, and maximal jump height before (PRE) and after (POST) the fatiguing treadmill run on separate experimental days: once where participants sat quietly prior to the fatiguing run (REST) and another where the foam roller protocol was performed prior to the run (ROLL). RESULTS: A 2-way multiple analysis of variance found no significant differences in vertical average load rate, free moment, and jump height between PRE/POST times in both REST/ROLL conditions. CONCLUSIONS: The authors concluded that recreational endurance athletes maintain running mechanics and jump performance after a fatiguing run regardless of prerun roller massage and may not rely on prerun roller massage as a form of injury prevention.


Assuntos
Corrida , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Marcha , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Masculino , Massagem
19.
Cancer Treat Res ; 182: 281-302, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542889

RESUMO

Integrative medicine is an approach to medical care that embraces all effective therapies including complementary treatments such as acupuncture and hypnosis. There is growing use of complementary therapies in the cancer patient population, making it important that health care providers be aware of both the risks and benefits of treatments that lie outside of the traditional allopathic medicine paradigm. This chapter will explore some of the most common and well-investigated complementary therapies for the treatment and prevention of cancer-related pain. This will include discussions of: acupuncture, dietary supplements, massage, guided imagery and cryotherapy among others. The goal of this is to provide a framework for discussions between medical providers and their patients to ensure safety, discussion of all available treatments, and to facilitate open lines of communication.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Dor do Câncer , Terapias Complementares , Medicina Integrativa , Neoplasias , Dor do Câncer/terapia , Humanos , Massagem , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/terapia
20.
Complement Ther Med ; 61: 102774, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This evidence map describes Pediatrics Massage intervention research reporting health outcomes. Massage is a complementary therapy and can be defined as any form of systematic tactile stimulation by human hands, the type of massage typically used in pediatrics care is a gentle, slow stroking of each part of the body in turn. METHODS: The evidence map is based on the 3iE evidence gap map methodology. We searched four electronic databases from inception to November 2019 and included systematic reviews and non-systematic reviews. Systematic reviews were analyzed based on AMSTAR 2. We used tableau to graphically display confidence level, number of reviews, outcomes and a broad estimate of effectiveness. RESULTS: The map is based on 38 reviews. Most of the reviews were published in the last ten years. The Pediatrics Massage was the most researched intervention. Massage was evaluated as an intervention in several health outcomes, resulting in the following confidence levels: 11 high, 13 moderate and 14 low. Every outcome effect was classified: 6 as no effect; 1 mixed and 28 as positive. The outcomes were divided into four major groups: physical and metabolic effects; vitality, well-being and quality of life, mental health; and management. High quality studies presented no effect and positive effects, highlighting outcomes related to neuro-motor development (Badr et al., 2015; Bennett et al., 2013; Vickers et al., 2015), growth (Badr et al., 2015; Bennett et al., 2013; Vickers et al., 2015) and stress disorders (Bennett et al., 2013; Vickers et al., 2015). CONCLUSIONS: Pediatrics massage has been applied in different areas and these Evidence Gap Map provides an easy visualization of valuable information for patients, health practitioners and managers, in order to promote evidence-based complementary therapies.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Pediatria , Criança , Humanos , Massagem , Saúde Mental , Qualidade de Vida
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