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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(14): e25175, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832078

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Neo-adjuvant systemic therapy includes endocrine therapy and chemotherapy, which is widely used. Luminal breast cancer is resistant to chemotherapy and is more likely to not respond to chemotherapy before surgery. Palbociclib is a cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 inhibitor. Palbociclib with letrozole combination therapy was an effective chemotherapy in metastatic luminal type breast cancer and had fewer side effects; however, the benefit of palbociclib in neoadjuvant systemic therapy is unclear. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 50-year-old female patient visited our hospital with palpable lump in the right breast. The lymph nodes fixed in the ipsilateral axilla. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed with invasive ductal carcinoma of the right breast; the nuclear grade was moderate. The ipsilateral fixed lymph node was diagnosed as metastasis. The breast cancer subtype was luminal A type and was positive for estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor, and negative for HER2/neu and Ki-67 marker index <10% on immunohistochemistry. INTERVENTIONS: Neo-systemic therapy was performed with 3 cycles of adriamycin with docetaxel. After follow-up study, the breast and axillary lesions progressed. Palbociclib with letrozole was administered as second neo-systemic therapy for 10 months. Subsequently, breast-conserving surgery with sentinel lymph node biopsy was performed. OUTCOMES: In the postoperative pathologic result, 4 mm invasive lesion remained, and the sentinel lymph node biopsy was negative. The results achieved a residual cancer burden classification class 1. CONCLUSION: Second-line neo-systemic therapy can further reduce the size of the tumor and increase the likelihood of avoiding the side effects of surgery. Palbociclib with letrozole may be a good treatment in the preoperative stage for luminal breast cancer that is resistant to chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Letrozol/administração & dosagem , Piperazinas/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Mastectomia Segmentar , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(10): e24023, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725814

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Fibroadenoma (FA) is a common type of benign breast tumors but ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) rarely arises within this tumor type. PATIENT CONCERNS: This case report presents a non-symptomatic 61-year-old woman with FA that was coincidentally found during a breast cancer screening program performed 5 years ago by her city of residence. She had subsequently been followed-up with mammography and breast ultrasound (US). US showed a slightly enlarged tumor and dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) indicated malignancy within the FA. DIAGNOSIS: The pathological examination revealed low-grade DCIS within the FA. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent a core needle biopsy followed by breast-conserving therapy with sentinel lymph node biopsy and then postoperative radiation therapy. OUTCOMES: Currently, she has been followed-up for 2 years without no signs of recurrence. LESSONS: Careful observation with US followed by dynamic MRI is essential in the early diagnosis of DCIS originating in a FA.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/diagnóstico , Fibroadenoma/diagnóstico , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/diagnóstico , Doenças Assintomáticas/terapia , Biópsia por Agulha , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Mama/patologia , Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/patologia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/terapia , Feminino , Fibroadenoma/patologia , Fibroadenoma/terapia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Achados Incidentais , Mamografia , Mastectomia Segmentar , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/patologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/terapia , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 30(3): 273-278, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Sentimag hand-held probe detects the magnetic response from iron oxide particles trapped in a sentinel node. OBJECTIVES: To investigate if an electromagnetic probe can be helpful in the identification of a hook wire tip located in an occult breast lesion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-two patients undergoing lumpectomy without axillary procedure were enrolled. In all cases, suspicious non-palpable microcalcifications without mass were found, and a vacuum-assisted stereotactic biopsy was performed. On the day of surgery, a traditional localization wire (LW) was placed under imaging guidance. The Sentimag magnetometer was used to precisely detect the wire tip through the skin. Then, the skin incision was made and Sentimag was used again to guide the surgeon to the lumpectomy bed. The accuracy of excision was assessed with intra-operative specimen 3D tomosynthesis. RESULTS: Median lesion size was 16 mm (range: 4-38 mm) and median depth was 33 mm (range: 14-78 mm). In all cases, the wire tip was successfully identified. Neither wire displacement nor transection occurred. Intraoperative radiography demonstrated doubtful margin requiring selective cavity shaving in 6 patients (14%). The need for cavity shaving was significantly influenced by the lesion size and histology: median size 30 mm (range: 24-38 mm) compared to 15 mm (range: 4-28 mm) and histology of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) compared to atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) and lobular neoplasia (LN). Tumors requiring cavity shaving tended to be deeper - they had a median depth of 43 mm (range: 17-78 mm) compared to 32 mm (range: 14-76 mm) in patients who did not need cavity shaving, but this parameter was statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative identification of the wire tip using Sentimag is a simple technique facilitating targeted excision without excessive removal of breast tissue. Since it is not associated with additional costs, it may be worth considering, particularly in developing countries.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Calcinose , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante , Biópsia por Agulha , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Humanos , Mastectomia Segmentar
4.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 160: 103280, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667658

RESUMO

Indication for neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in HR+/HER2-negative tumors is controversial. Pathological complete response (pCR) rates range from 0 to 18 % while breast-conserving surgery (BCS) is achievable in up to 60 % of tumors. No pathological feature definitely predicts pCR; lobular and molecular luminal A tumors are less likely to achieve pCR although experiencing better outcomes. Luminal B subtype, high proliferation, lack of progesterone receptor, high tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes are positively associated with increased pCR rates but worse outcomes and the prognostic role of pCR is inconsistent across studies. Molecular intrinsic subtyping and genomic signatures appear as more accurate predictors of benefit from NACT, but larger studies are needed. Anthracycline and taxane-based chemotherapy remains the standard NACT; however, CDK 4/6 inhibitors and immune checkpoint inhibitors are under evaluation. In conclusion, NACT may be proposed for luminal tumors requiring downsizing for BCS after multidisciplinary evaluation, provided that other contraindications to BCS are excluded.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Hormônios/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Mastectomia Segmentar , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptores de Progesterona/genética , Receptores de Progesterona/uso terapêutico
5.
Cancer Treat Rev ; 94: 102158, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610127

RESUMO

The impact of MRI on improving surgical outcomes in DCIS is debated. Here, we explore the utility of MRI in the investigation and management of DCIS in three key areas. Firstly, we highlight that MRI is likely to be a more accurate predictor of actual tumour size than conventional imaging. Secondly, we examine mastectomy rates and reoperation rates across the literature and suggest that surgical outcomes do not differ between pre-operative MRI and conventional imaging groups, despite improved size estimation on MRI. Finally, we examine the rapidly developing field of oncoplastic breast surgery and highlight a paucity of data in determining the usefulness of pre-operative MRI in this field, despite this being an oncologically safe alternative with improved patient outcomes and satisfaction.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Mastectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Mastectomia Segmentar/estatística & dados numéricos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Lancet Oncol ; 22(1): e18-e28, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33387500

RESUMO

Primary systemic therapy is increasingly used in the treatment of patients with early-stage breast cancer, but few guidelines specifically address optimal locoregional therapies. Therefore, we established an international consortium to discuss clinical evidence and to provide expert advice on technical management of patients with early-stage breast cancer. The steering committee prepared six working packages to address all major clinical questions from diagnosis to surgery. During a consensus meeting that included members from European scientific oncology societies, clinical trial groups, and patient advocates, statements were discussed and voted on. A consensus was reached in 42% of statements, a majority in 38%, and no decision in 21%. Based on these findings, the panel developed clinical guidance recommendations and a toolbox to overcome many clinical and technical requirements associated with the diagnosis, response assessment, surgical planning, and surgery of patients with early-stage breast cancer. This guidance could convince clinicians and patients of the major clinical advancements purported by primary systemic therapy, the use of less extensive and more targeted surgery to improve the lives of patients with breast cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Mastectomia Segmentar/normas , Oncologia/normas , Terapia Neoadjuvante/normas , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia Segmentar/efeitos adversos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 24(1): 51-58, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33473025

RESUMO

Background: Health is the main focus of studies on quality of life. Cancer can lead to changes in quality of life in postmastectomy women. Aims: The aim of this study was to examine the relation among sociodemographic factors and to assess the quality of life of women with breast cancer a year from their surgery. Materials and Methods: This single-center cross-sectional study included 104 participants (50 participants with mastectomy and 54 participants with quadrantectomy) aged from 37 to 72 years. The 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36) was used to assess physical, psychological, and social functioning of participants, as well as their sociodemographic factors and the clinical variables of the treatment. Results: Participants with quadrantectomy aged up to 50 years had a significantly higher score when assessed in social functioning and mental/emotional health. Older participants expressed no significant differences in quality of life. Participants with quadrantectomy in all age groups had a higher score in social functioning, mental/emotional health, energy, and vitality than participants with mastectomy. Conclusion: A year from the surgery and cancer treatment, the quality of life of postquadrantectomy women was better compared to postmastectomy women.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia , Mastectomia Segmentar , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
J Surg Res ; 257: 597-604, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32932192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Standardized prescribing practices are recommended to decrease opioid abuse, however, data regarding the handling and disposal of leftover narcotics are lacking. This quality improvement project and analysis evaluated implementation of standardized prescribing, opioid education, and a narcotic disposal system. METHODS: This initiative was implemented over a 1-y period among patients who underwent breast surgery. The project included the following: 1) implementation of standardized prescribing, 2) voluntary and anonymous survey analysis, and 3) preoperative education regarding risks of opioids, charcoal disposal bag distribution, and follow-up survey to assess use and use of intervention. RESULTS: Preintervention surveys were completed by 53 patients, and 60% (n = 32) underwent lumpectomy. Narcotic prescriptions were filled by 90%; median number of pills taken was 3 (range 0-24), however 93% felt that a non-narcotic was more effective. Eighty three percentage of patients had unused pills, and 58% kept these pills in an unlocked cabinet. Postintervention surveys were completed by 66 patients, and 48% (n = 32) underwent lumpectomy. Narcotic prescriptions were filled by 88%, median number of pills taken was 4 (range 0-40), and 89% of patients had pills leftover. Sixty seven percentage of patients found the education handout useful and charcoal bag use was reported by 37% (n = 17). The median postoperative pain control satisfaction score was 4.5 (5-point Likert scale, 1 = very dissatisfied, 5 = very satisfied) on both preintervention and postintervention surveys. CONCLUSIONS: This study, which included standardized prescribing parameters, opioid education, and implementation of a disposal method, was found to be feasible, beneficial, and did not compromise postoperative pain control.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Prescrições de Medicamentos/normas , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/prevenção & controle , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia Segmentar/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Melhoria de Qualidade , Gerenciamento de Resíduos/instrumentação
10.
J Surg Res ; 257: 144-152, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32828998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) has unique histologic growth pattern. Few studies have focused on the value of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) specifically for ILC. We hypothesized that MRI adds value to the diagnostic workup in ILC by better defining the extent of disease and identifying additional foci of malignancy, which can change the surgical plan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a single-institution retrospective review of women diagnosed with ILC from 1/2012 to 7/2019 who underwent preoperative MRI. Patient, tumor characteristics, and initial surgical plan were reviewed. MRI had added value if ILC size correlated best to final pathologic size or if additional malignancy was identified. MRI was considered harmful if additional biopsies were benign or if the size was overestimated. RESULTS: ILC was identified in 166 breasts in 165 women. Original surgical plan was for lumpectomy in 86 (52%), mastectomy in 49 (30%), and undecided in 31 (18%). MRI changed the plan in 25 (19%) with 24 (96%) changing from lumpectomy to mastectomy. Additional biopsy was performed in 28% after MRI, the majority (n = 41, 72%) were benign or high risk and 16 (28%) identified additional malignancy. MRI was not a better size estimate than mammogram/ultrasound. Re-excision rate after lumpectomy was 6.8% (5/73). MRI added value in 48 (28.9%) and was harmful in 48 (28.9%). CONCLUSIONS: Using breast MRI in the diagnostic workup of ILC has both positive and negative implications on surgical treatment planning. A shared decision-making conversation is warranted before proceeding with MRI to maximize value and minimize harms associated with this diagnostic tool.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Lobular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Lobular/cirurgia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Lobular/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia , Mastectomia Segmentar , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Clin Imaging ; 69: 311-317, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045475

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the diagnostic performance for margin assessment of specimen radiography (SR) in breast conserving surgery (BCS) using radioactive I125-seed localization (RSL). METHODS: The clinical, radiographic and histopathological data of women who underwent BCS after pre-operative RSL with intraoperative SR during nine consecutive years were analyzed. The histological margin and radiographic margin outcomes on SR were compared and results of intraoperative re-excisions were investigated. RESULTS: A consecutive series of 448 women with invasive carcinoma (n = 211), ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) (n = 79) and a combination of DCIS and invasive carcinoma (n = 158) were included. The median minimal margins for the radiological masses and microcalcifications measured on SR were 14 mm and 11 mm, respectively. Based on a radiological cut-off SR margin value of 1 mm, the overall sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV) were 21.0%, 95.0%, 26.0%, and 94.0%, respectively. The area under the receiver-operating curve was 0.73. Intraoperative re-excisions based on SR were performed in 31 (6.9%) patients; histopathological examination of the additional excised tissue revealed DCIS or invasive carcinoma in 6 (19.4%) patients. Hence, SR was beneficial for 6/448 patients (1.3%), and unnecessary intraoperative re-excisions were performed in 20/448 patients (4.5%). The number need to treat is 75; this implies that per 75-SR one resection with involved margins is prevented. CONCLUSION: SR has a moderate diagnostic performance for margin involvement using RSL. A more accurate intraoperative margin assessment tool is warranted.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Radioisótopos do Iodo , Mastectomia Segmentar , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Am J Surg ; 221(1): 32-36, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32622509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The safety of breast conservation therapy (BCT) has not been demonstrated in large ILC tumors, potentially contributing to the higher mastectomy rates seen in ILC. METHODS: We queried a prospectively maintained database to identify patients with ILC measuring ≥4 cm and evaluated difference in recurrence free survival (RFS) between those treated with BCT versus mastectomy using a multivariate model. RESULTS: Of 180 patients, 30 (16.7%) underwent BCT and 150 (83.3%) underwent mastectomy. Patients undergoing mastectomy were younger (56.6 vs. 64.3 years, p = 0.003) and had larger tumors (7.2 vs. 5.4 cm, p < 0.001). While tumor size, nodal stage, receptor subtype, and margin status were significantly associated with RFS, there was no difference in RFS at 5 (p = 0.88) or 10 (p = 0.65) years for individuals undergoing BCT versus mastectomy. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with ILC ≥4 cm, BCT provides similar tumor control as mastectomy, provided that negative margins are achieved.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Lobular/cirurgia , Mastectomia Segmentar , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Lobular/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carga Tumoral
13.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(2): 127-133, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378805

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the difference of long-term recurrence rate and survivals between the young patients and the old patients undergoing breast conserving therapy (BCT). Methods: Women with primary invasive breast cancer receiving BCT between December 1999 and December 2014 were selected retrospectively from the database of Breast Cancer Center, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute. The median age of all patients was 47 years (range: 21 to 91 years). The cases were categorized according to age at diagnosis into two subgroups: the ≤40 years group and the>40 years group. A total of 2 778 patients were included: 677 patients in the ≤40 years group and 2 101 patients in the >40 years group. Clinicopathological characteristics between two groups were compared. The recurrence rate and survival were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The differences of outcomes were compared in different aged groups using the Log-rank test. Factors affecting local recurrence, distant disease-free survival (DDFS), disease-free survival (DFS), and breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) were assessed by multivariable Cox proportional hazard models. Results: Proportions of T1 (301/677 vs. 1 160/2 101, χ²=37.660, P<0.01), involved lymph node (314/677 vs. 713/2 101, χ²=34.966, P<0.01) hormone receptor-negative (490/677 vs. 1 581/2 101, χ²=6.981, P=0.030) and neoadjuvant chemotherapy (413/677 vs. 1 010/2 101, χ²=34.272,P<0.01)in the ≤40 years group were higher than that in the>40 years group. Median follow-up duration was 102 months. No significant difference in 10-year local recurrence was found between the two groups (2.5% vs. 1.6%, P=0.147). Ten-year DDFS rate in the ≤40 years group and in the>40 years group was 90.6% and 95.3%, respectively (P<0.01). Ten-year DFS rate in the ≤40 years group and in the>40 years group was 86.5% and 91.1%, respectively (P=0.001). Ten-year BCSS rate in the ≤40 years group and in the >40 years group was 91.0% and 93.7%, respectively (P=0.105). Age was not the prognosis factor of local recurrence. Lymph node status (positive vs. negative: HR=2.73, 95%CI: 1.94 to 3.84, P<0.01), age (≤40 years vs.>40 years: HR=1.73, 95%CI: 1.24 to 2.42, P=0.001) and T stage (>2 cm vs. ≤2 cm: HR=1.61, 95%CI: 1.14 to 2.28, P=0.001) were the prognosis factors of DDFS, and also for DFS. Hormone receptor status (positive vs. negative: HR=0.54, 95%CI: 0.39 to 0.74, P<0.01), lymph node status (positive vs. negative: HR=2.94, 95%CI: 2.12 to 4.07, P<0.01) and T stage (>2 cm vs. ≤2 cm: HR=1.45, 95%CI: 1.05 to 2.01, P=0.025) were the prognosis factors of BCSS. Conclusions: The risk of local recurrence was similar between ≤40 years patient and >40 years patients receiving breast conserving therapy. Worse survivals in the ≤40 years group were found comparing to those in the >40 years group.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mastectomia Segmentar , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
14.
Magy Onkol ; 64(4): 371-383, 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33313611

RESUMO

The radiotherapy (RT) expert panel revised and updated the RT guidelines accepted in 2016 at the 3rd Hungarian Breast Cancer Consensus Conference based on new scientific evidence. Radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) is indicated in ductal carcinoma in situ (St. 0), as RT decreases the risk of local recurrence (LR) by 50-60%. In early stage (St. I-II) invasive breast cancer RT remains a standard treatment following BCS. However, in elderly (≥70 years) patients with stage I, hormone receptor positive tumour hormonal therapy without RT can be considered. Hypofractionated whole breast irradiation (WBI) and for selected cases accelerated partial breast irradiation are validated treatment alternatives of conventional WBI. Following mastectomy RT significantly decreases the risk of LR and improves overall survival of patients having 1 to 3 or ≥4 positive axillary lymph nodes. In selected cases of patients with 1 to 2 positive sentinel lymph nodes axillary dissection can be substituted with axillary RT. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) followed by BCS WBI is mandatory, while after NAC followed by mastectomy locoregional RT should be given in cases of initial stage III-IV and ypN1 axillary status.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mastectomia , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Humanos , Hungria , Mastectomia Segmentar , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle
15.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(6): 1265-1268, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33342782

RESUMO

Background: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is accepted as the standard procedure to determine the axillary lymph node metastasis in breast cancer at early stage. However, in many cases with sentinel lymph node positivity, the axilla does not contain any tumor cells. As a result, the accuracy of SLNB to predict axillary lymph node metastasis must be evaluated. Patients and Methods: Thousand hundred and fourteen women operated for breast cancer were retrospectively examined. Breast cancer patients without axillary metastasis on clinical examination who had undergone SLNB were included in the study. Sentinel lymph node positivity and axillary lymph node positivity were compared. Results: Among 1114 women operated for breast cancer, 230 were clinically node negative preoperatively and undergone SLNB. Eighty-three (36%) of the patients were SLNB positive and undergone axillary dissection. Forty-three (51.8%) of them had tumor positive axillary lymph nodes and 40 (48.2%) of them had tumor negative axillary lymph nodes. Interpretation: In 48.2% of the patients, positive sentinel lymph node does not demonstrate a positive axilla. This finding supports sparing axillary dissection in patients with favorable prognostic factors even if the sentinel lymph node is found to be positive. Conclusion: Axillary lymph node dissection(ALND) may be spared even if there are macrometastatic sentinel lymph nodes in patients with favorable tumor types who will undergo breast-conserving surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/métodos , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Axila , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Mastectomia Segmentar/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Linfonodo Sentinela/cirurgia
18.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2003-2006, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018396

RESUMO

Breast-conserving surgery, also known as lumpectomy, is an early stage breast cancer treatment that aims to spare as much healthy breast tissue as possible. A risk associated with lumpectomy is the presence of cancer positive margins post operation. Surgical navigation has been shown to reduce cancer positive margins but requires manual segmentation of the tumor intraoperatively. In this paper, we propose an end-to-end solution for automatic contouring of breast tumor from intraoperative ultrasound images using two convolutional neural network architectures, the U-Net and residual U-Net. The networks are trained on annotated intraoperative breast ultrasound images and evaluated on the quality of predicted segmentations. This work brings us one step closer to providing surgeons with an automated surgical navigation system that helps reduce cancer-positive margins during lumpectomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mastectomia Segmentar , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Ultrassonografia Mamária
19.
Cir. Esp. (Ed. impr.) ; 98(8): 472-477, oct. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-199051

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: Obtener márgenes libres en cirugía conservadora del cáncer de mama (CCCM) es esencial para evitar la recurrencia local, precisando para ello la reintervención en múltiples ocasiones. La ablación por radiofrecuencia (ARF) de los márgenes tras tumorectomía parece ser una herramienta útil para evitar las reintervenciones, aunque con insuficiente evidencia. En este estudio se analiza la eficacia y seguridad de la ARF tras la CCCM para obtener márgenes libres. MÉTODOS: Estudio experimental, no aleatorizado, realizado en un grupo intervención de 40 pacientes al que se aplicó ARF tras tumorectomía y exéresis posterior de los márgenes, y otro grupo control histórico de 40 pacientes al que se realizó CCCM. En el grupo intervención, se analizó el efecto de la ARF sobre la viabilidad de las células tumorales en los márgenes extirpados. Se realizó además un análisis comparativo sobre el porcentaje de reintervenciones, las complicaciones y el resultado estético en ambos grupos. RESULTADOS: Se estudiaron 240 márgenes extirpados tras ARF, evidenciando un elevado número de márgenes libres. Comparado con el grupo control, disminuyó significativamente el número de reintervenciones (0% vs. 12%; p = 0,02), sin hallar diferencias respecto a las complicaciones (5% vs. 10%; p = 0,67) ni al resultado estético (excelente o bueno 92,5% vs. 95%; p = 0,3). CONCLUSIONES: La ARF tras tumorectomía es una técnica sencilla, segura y eficaz para la obtención de márgenes libres, y permite reducir las reintervenciones sin afectar a las complicaciones ni al resultado estético


INTRODUCTION: Obtaining tumor-free margins during breast conservative surgery (BCS) is essential to avoid local recurrence and frequently requires reoperation. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of surgical margins after lumpectomy seems to be a helpful tool to avoid reoperations, but evidence is insufficient. This study analyzes the efficacy and safety of RFA after BCS to obtain free surgical margins. METHODS: Non-randomized experimental study performed in an intervention group of 40 patients assigned to receive RFA after lumpectomy and successive resection of surgical margins, and a historical control group of 40 patients treated with BCS alone. In the intervention group, the RFA effect on tumor cell viability in the surgical margins was analyzed. Also, reoperation rate, complications and cosmetic results were compared in both groups. RESULTS: A total of 240 excised margins were analyzed after RFA, obtaining a high number of tumor-free margins. Compared to the control group, the reoperation rate decreased significantly (0% vs 12%; P = .02), without differences in terms of postoperative complications (10% vs 5%; P = .67) or cosmetic results (excellent or good 92.5% vs 95%; P = .3). CONCLUSIONS: RFA after lumpectomy is a reliable, safe and successful procedure to obtain tumor-free surgical margins and to decrease the reoperation rate without affecting complications or compromising cosmetic results


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Ablação por Radiofrequência/instrumentação , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia Segmentar/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Margens de Excisão , Segurança do Paciente , Reoperação , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia
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