Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 10.148
Filtrar
1.
J Vis Exp ; (168)2021 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682853

RESUMO

The vast majority of dietary and eating behavior assessment methods are based on self-reports. They are burdensome and also prone to measurement errors. Recent technological innovations allow for the development of more accurate and precise dietary and eating behavior assessment tools that require less effort for both the user and the researcher. Therefore, a new sensor-based device to assess food intake and eating behavior was developed. The device is a regular dining tray equipped with a video camera and three separate built-in weighing stations. The weighing stations measure the weight of the bowl, plate, and drinking cup continuously over the course of a meal. The video camera positioned to the face records eating behavior characteristics (chews, bites), which are analyzed using artificial intelligence (AI)-based automatic facial expression software. The tray weight and the video data are transported at real-time to a personal computer (PC) using a wireless receiver. The outcomes of interest, such as the amount eaten, eating rate and bite size, can be calculated by subtracting the data of these measures at the timepoints of interest. The information obtained by the current version of the tray can be used for research purposes, an upgraded version of the device would also facilitate the provision of more personalized advice on dietary intake and eating behavior. Contrary to the conventional dietary assessment methods, this dietary assessment device measures food intake directly within a meal and is not dependent on memory or the portion size estimation. Ultimately, this device is therefore suited for daily main meal food intake and eating behavior measures. In the future, this technology based dietary assessment method can be linked to health applications or smart watches to obtain a complete overview of exercise, energy intake, and eating behavior.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Energia , Comportamento Alimentar , Inteligência Artificial , Automação , Coleta de Dados , Feminino , Alimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Mastigação , Refeições
2.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(3): 399-401, 2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730833

RESUMO

From 2013 to 2014, the age of 924 residents recruited in Haikou City was (38±13) years old, of which 57.3% (529) were males. Those who chewed betel nuts accounted for 17.4% (161). According to the diagnostic criteria of substance abuse in the Fourth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the detection rate of betel nut abuse was 7.0% (65). Compared with those who were>30 years old, educated>6 years and non-smokers, people aged 15 to 30 years, education level less than 6 years and smoking behavior had higher risk of betel nut abuse, with the OR (95%CI) about 4.21 (1.48-11.99), 7.81 (1.92-31.69), and 13.53 (4.15-44.11), respectively.


Assuntos
Areca , Mastigação , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fumar , Adulto Jovem
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33572969

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the relationship between objective chewing ability and the nutritional status of Japanese community-dwelling elders. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 509 community-dwelling elders living in the Tokyo metropolitan area participated in a comprehensive survey conducted in October 2013. MEASUREMENTS: The basic characteristics were sex, age, and body mass index. Undernutrition was examined through serum albumin levels. Chewing ability was examined through color-changeable xylitol gum by evaluating the color changes in chewing gum. Nutritional intake was examined using the semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. RESULTS: In the poor chewing ability group, all nutrient intake levels were significantly low, except for carbohydrates, and intake levels for all food groups were significantly low, except for cereals, confectionery, sugars, seasonings, and spices. Additionally, after adjusting for covariates for sex, age, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology-Index of Competence (TMIG-IC) score, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score, body mass index (BMI), stroke, number of functional teeth, energy intake, and protein intake, chewing ability was found to be significantly associated with undernutrition. CONCLUSION: We concluded that chewing ability was closely associated with nutrient and different food groups' intake, as well as undernutrition, among Japanese community-dwelling elders. Thus, to ensure comprehensive nutritional management, nutritionists and dentists should collaborate when treating the same patients.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Alimentos , Estado Nutricional , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Mastigação , Tóquio/epidemiologia
4.
J Oral Sci ; 63(2): 145-147, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33597338

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to clarify whether occlusal force and masticatory performance reduced in elderly adults and whether these parameters were affected by age. METHODS: Seventy-eight elderly adults (elderly group) and 76 young adults (control group) with natural dentition were asked to maximally clench for 3 s, and occlusal force was calculated. The amount of glucose extraction after chewing a gummy jelly was measured as the parameter for masticatory performance. Occlusal force and masticatory performance were compared between the elderly and control groups. The correlation between age and occlusal force and between age and masticatory performance was also investigated. RESULTS: Occlusal force was significantly smaller in the elderly group (P < 0.05). Masticatory performance was lower in the elderly group, but this difference was not statistically significant. No significant correlation was observed between age and occlusal force in the control group, but a negative correlation was found in the elderly group (P < 0.05). No significant correlation was found between age and masticatory performance in either group. CONCLUSION: Occlusal force was affected by age and reduced significantly, whereas masticatory performance was not affected by age and was maintained in elderly adults.


Assuntos
Força de Mordida , Boca Edêntula , Idoso , Dentição , Humanos , Mastigação , Adulto Jovem
5.
Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi ; 58(1): 81-90, 2021.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627566

RESUMO

AIM: To categorize the age-related trajectories of dietary variety score (DVS) in the community-dwelling elderly and to examine the associated factors. METHODS: The study population included 1,195 people who underwent a medical checkup for the elderly in Kusatsu-town, Gunma Prefecture in 2012 to 2017. A multinomial logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the factors associated with the age-related trajectories of DVS. The dependent variables were sex, age, family structure, years of education, BMI, subjective chewing ability, TMIG-IC, GDS-15, MMSE, smoking, alcohol consumption, and history of hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and stroke. RESULTS: The adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence intervals) of the low trajectory group in comparison to the medium trajectory group were 2.69 (1.02-7.08) for subjective chewing ability (no chewing), 1.11 (1.06-1.17) for GDS-15, 1.76 (1.14-2.73) for current smoking, and 1.70 (1.19-2.43) for past smoking. In contrast, the adjusted odds ratio of the high trajectory group in comparison to the medium trajectory group were 0.61 (0.37-1.00) for men, 1.04 (1.01-1.07) for age, 0.58 (0.38-0.89) for subjective masticatory ability (difficult to chew), 0.88 (0.82-0.96) for GDS-15, and 0.55 (0.37-0.83) for a history of hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: The age-related trajectory patterns of DVS in the community-dwelling elderly can be categorized into three types. In order to maintain a high quality of food intake, it was shown that, in addition to subjective masticatory ability and mental health factors, such as depression, we should pay attention to the control of hypertension, which is a risk factor for lifestyle diseases, and lifestyle habits such as smoking.


Assuntos
Dieta , Vida Independente , Idoso , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Mastigação
6.
J Anim Sci ; 99(1)2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523183

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of processing index (PI) of barley grain and dietary undigested neutral detergent fiber (uNDF) concentration on dry matter (DM) intake, chewing activity, ruminal pH and fermentation characteristics, total tract digestibility, gastrointestinal barrier function, and blood metabolites of finishing beef heifers. The PI was measured as the density after processing expressed as a percentage of the density before processing, and a smaller PI equates to a more extensively processed. Six ruminally cannulated heifers (average body weight, 715 ± 29 kg) were used in a 6 × 6 Latin square design with three PI (65%, 75%, and 85%) × 2 uNDF concentration (low and high; 4.6% vs. 5.6% of DM) factorial arrangement. The heifers were fed ad libitum a total mixed ration consisting of 10% barley silage (low uNDF), or 5% silage and 5% straw (high uNDF), 87% dry-rolled barley grain, and 3% mineral and vitamin supplements. Interactions (P < 0.01) of PI × uNDF were observed for DM intake, ruminating and total chewing time, and DM digestibility in the total digestive tract. Intake of DM, organic matter (OM), starch, and crude protein (CP) did not differ (P > 0.14) between low and high uNDF diets, but intakes of NDF and acid detergent fiber were greater (P = 0.01) for high uNDF diets regardless of barley PI. Heifers fed high uNDF diets had longer (P = 0.05) eating times (min/d or min/kg DM) and tended (P = 0.10) to have longer total chewing times (min/kg DM) than those fed low uNDF diets. Additionally, heifers sorted (P = 0.01) against long particles (>19 mm) for high uNDF diets but not for low uNDF diets. Altering PI of barley grain did not affect (P > 0.12) total volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentration, molar percentages of individual VFA, or duration of ruminal pH < 5.8 and <5.6. Total VFA concentration was less (P = 0.01), acetate percentage was greater (P = 0.01), and duration of ruminal pH < 5.8 and <5.6 was less (P = 0.05) for high compared with low uNDF diets. Digestibility of DM, OM, and CP was greater (P = 0.02) for low vs. high uNDF diets with PI of 65% and 75%, with no difference between low and high uNDF diets at PI of 85%. Blood metabolites and gastrointestinal tract barrier function were not affected (P ≥ 0.10) by the treatments. These results suggest that increasing dietary uNDF concentration is an effective strategy to improve ruminal pH status in finishing cattle, regardless of the extent of grain processing, whereas manipulating the extent of barley processing did not reduce the risk of ruminal acidosis.


Assuntos
Bovinos/metabolismo , Fibras na Dieta/metabolismo , Digestão/fisiologia , Hordeum , Rúmen , Ração Animal/análise , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Animais , Bovinos/fisiologia , Dieta/veterinária , Fibras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Fermentação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Mastigação , Nutrientes , Rúmen/química , Rúmen/metabolismo
7.
Clin Implant Dent Relat Res ; 23(1): 140-148, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33592681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The significance of mandibular residual ridge height and satisfaction with conventional complete dentures (CCD) as predictors for the added value of implant-overdenture (IOD) therapy is unknown. PURPOSE: To investigate the predictive value of thresholds for (1) residual ridge height at premolar location (PRH), and (2) satisfaction with CCD-stability for the added value of two intraforaminal implants supporting the mandibular CCD. METHODS: Thirty CCD wearing patients (67.9 ± 7.0 years) for whom a new CCD was advised, received a new CCD. Mandibular gypsum models were digitally measured. After 3 months free of complaints (T1), perceived CCD-stability was evaluated, and participants received two intraforaminal implants. At T1 and T2 (3 months free of complaints after IOD therapy) participants completed OHIP14-CN, and denture satisfaction (VAS) questionnaires, and performed mixing ability tests. Participants were grouped according to PRH of ≥6.15 mm versus < 6.15 mm, and perceived CCD-stability satisfied vs. dissatisfied. Scores at T2 were compared to T1 (paired t-tests). Predictive values of PRH and CCD-stability were analyzed with logistic multivariate regression models. RESULTS: At T2, only participants with PRH of <6.15 mm or dissatisfied with CCD-stability had significant lower OHIP-total and domain scores for 'physical pain' and 'physical disability' and significantly higher VAS scores for perceived chewing function, denture retention and oral comfort. Regression analyses showed that participants with PRH of <6.15 mm, or dissatisfied with CCD-stability had significantly higher chance for lower OHIP-total and domain scores 'physical pain' and 'physical disability', and for higher VAS scores for perceived chewing function, denture retention and oral comfort at T2. Masticatory performance improved significantly after IOD therapy, but independent of PRH and CCD-stability. CONCLUSION: PRH and satisfaction with CCD-stability were adequate prognostic indicators for improvement of oral health-related quality of life and denture satisfaction by mandibular IOD therapy.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Revestimento de Dentadura , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Retenção de Dentadura , Prótese Total , Prótese Total Inferior , Humanos , Mandíbula , Mastigação , Satisfação do Paciente , Qualidade de Vida
8.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 24(2): 220-224, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605912

RESUMO

Objective: The objective was to in-vitro evaluate the mode of failure of abutments supporting fixed partial dentures (FPDs) via different retention techniques. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six implants with diameter and length of 4.5 and 13 mm, respectively, were used to prepare 18 samples of FPDs. Based on the variations on abutment's design, the FPDs were divided into three groups: Group A is cement-based retention; Group B is screw-based retention; and Group C is multiunit screw-based retention. Using a chewing simulator, cyclic loads of 1,250,000 load cycles with the load of 70N were applied on all samples to simulate 5 years of human functional chewing. The samples were loaded until failure using an electromechanical test machine. Sample-size estimation was done and fracture-load values were recorded as means and corresponding standard deviations; and group comparisons were done using one-way analysis of variance and Tukey's post hoc tests. A P value below 0.01 was nominated as an indicator of statistical significance. Results: In total, 36 samples (12 implant-abutment connections per group) were assessed. Abutment bending was observed in 6 (50%), 6 (50%) and 6 (50%) samples in groups A, B and C, respectively. De-attachment of the FPD form the abutment occurred in 5 (41.7%) and 5 (41.7%) samples in groups A and C, respectively. Screw fracture and fracture of FPD at the connector side occurred in 1 (8.3%) and 1 (8.3%) sample in groups A and C, correspondingly. Failure of the FPD was more often encountered in groups A (100%) and C (100%), compared to group B (50%). Conclusion: All abutments underwent failures under cyclic loading with abutment bending being the most common failure mode. Cement- and multi-screw-supported abutments fail more often than screw-supported abutments.


Assuntos
Prótese Parcial Fixa , Dente , Dente Suporte , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Mastigação , Teste de Materiais
9.
Spec Care Dentist ; 41(2): 251-270, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438306

RESUMO

AIM: The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the efficacy of denture adhesives (DAs) in completely edentulous denture wearers compared to not using DAs. METHODS AND RESULTS: PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE were searched from the database inception up to 6 February 2020 for Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) involving patients with complete dentures in both arches where the use of DAs was compared to no use of DAs. A total of 497 abstracts were reviewed, resulting in inclusion of 10 RCTs. Outcomes reported in the included trials were thoroughly reviewed and tabulated. The Cochrane risk of bias tool was used. All 10 studies were assessed at unclear (10%) or high risk of bias (90%). Studies showed DAs improved mainly retention/stability, and masticatory/chewing ability/performance, compared to no adhesives. CONCLUSION: Most studies showed favorable results for DAs on retention and stability of complete dentures, masticatory performance, patient's comfort and satisfaction. Due to the heterogeneity of the outcomes, unclear/high risk of bias and small sample sizes, the quality of the evidence was very low. More high-quality research is needed with improved blinding and use of standardized methods to evaluate the efficacy of DAs.


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários , Boca Edêntula , Prótese Total , Humanos , Mastigação , Satisfação do Paciente
10.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(4): 105623, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486342

RESUMO

In the present report, we discussed the case of a 57-year-old man with unilateral masticatory muscle weakness, nystagmus, skew deviation and facial hypesthesia due to pontine tegmental infarction. Trigeminal motor neuropathy attributed to brain infarction is very rare. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed a small dot-like infarction lesion in the pontine tegmentum. Masticatory muscle weakness was confirmed by an electrophysiological study performed on the day after admission in which there was an incomplete interference pattern without spontaneous denervation activity, suggesting that the patient's masseter muscle weakness was caused by an infarction of the trigeminal motor nucleus proper or trigeminal motor nerve fascicles rather than Wallerian degeneration of the trigeminal nerve or the progression of masseter muscle degeneration.


Assuntos
Infartos do Tronco Encefálico/complicações , Paralisia Facial/etiologia , Músculo Masseter/inervação , Debilidade Muscular/etiologia , Núcleo Motor do Nervo Trigêmeo/irrigação sanguínea , Doenças do Nervo Trigêmeo/etiologia , Doença Aguda , Infartos do Tronco Encefálico/diagnóstico por imagem , Infartos do Tronco Encefálico/fisiopatologia , Paralisia Facial/diagnóstico , Paralisia Facial/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Mastigação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Debilidade Muscular/diagnóstico , Debilidade Muscular/fisiopatologia , Doenças do Nervo Trigêmeo/diagnóstico , Doenças do Nervo Trigêmeo/fisiopatologia
11.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 55(1): 64-68, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862800

RESUMO

First bite syndrome (FBS) is a sharp unilateral pain in the vicinity of the angle of the mandible after taking the first bite of a meal that presents typically after surgery in the area of the ipsilateral parapharyngeal space. It is not confirmed what the pathophysiology is that causes this pain, but the proposed mechanism is the iatrogenic damage of sympathetic fibers that extend from the superior cervical ganglion (SCG) to innervate the parotid gland. The presentation of this syndrome has been acknowledged in patients who have undergone head and neck tumor resections, but it has not been documented in the same thorough manner among vascular surgery cases in the parapharyngeal space, possibly because of a higher risk of development in other head and neck surgeries, or to under-reporting of cases. To date, only 5 cases of FBS status post carotid endarterectomy have been documented in the literature. Definitive treatment of FBS has not been established. Some studies have shown improvement with amitriptyline, and carbamazepine as well as botulinum toxin injections. We will present the case of a 75 year old male who developed first bite syndrome after a right carotid endarterectomy with efforts of raising awareness of a potential acute complication of carotid endarterectomy.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/efeitos adversos , Dor Facial/etiologia , Mastigação , Glândula Parótida/inervação , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/etiologia , Gânglio Cervical Superior/lesões , Idoso , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor Facial/diagnóstico , Dor Facial/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Facial/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/diagnóstico , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Prosthodont ; 30(S1): 72-77, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336857

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The occlusal scheme required for an edentulous patient is controversial. The purpose of this Best Evidence Consensus Statement was to evaluate the existing complete denture literature related to occlusal schemes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was limited to Meta-analyses, Systematic Reviews (SR), Randomized Controlled Studies (RCT) and Clinical Trials. Key Words were: Complete dentures, occlusion, harm; Complete dentures, occlusion alveolar bone loss; Complete dentures, occlusion, stability; Complete dentures, occlusion. Additional related articles were culled from the authors' library and reference lists in the articles found in the PubMed searches. RESULTS: Of the 165 articles that met the initial search criteria, 34 related to the focus questions and were evaluated and rated. CONCLUSIONS: There is strong support that the average denture patient, with good residual ridges and no neuromuscular problems, will function adequately with a properly fabricated complete denture regardless of the occlusal scheme. There is neither strong support for or against bilateral balanced occlusal schemes as it relates to patient satisfaction, preference or chewing ability. There is some support for increased alveolar bone loss with complete dentures that have a non-balanced occlusion. There is a need for bilateral balanced occlusal schemes for patients presenting with loss of stability and retention as a result of their presenting conditions (PDI III and IV).


Assuntos
Oclusão Dentária Balanceada , Planejamento de Dentadura , Consenso , Oclusão Dentária , Prótese Total , Humanos , Mastigação
13.
Food Chem ; 339: 128078, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152871

RESUMO

The purpose of this work was to characterize the dynamic texture perception and study the mechanisms occurring in bolus from chewing to swallowing during white bread oral processing. Results indicated that the microstructural and chemical composition properties determined the oral processing behaviors. At the initial stage of oral processing, the roughness, hardness, and dryness perception were the dominant attributes. At the end of oral processing the adhesiveness and softness perception were dominant, which correlated to the higher bolus water content and adhesive properties. The softness and adhesiveness perception were the key factors that trigger swallowing. In vitro artificial mastication experiments confirmed that mucin rapidly increased the adhesive force of bolus at the initial stage of oral processing, whereas α-amylase gradually increased the adhesive force. These results can help to better understand the dynamic texture perception and its change mechanisms during oral processing.


Assuntos
Pão , Deglutição , Mastigação , Sensação , Adesividade , Dureza , Humanos , Triticum
14.
J Oral Rehabil ; 48(4): 403-410, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33319400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Masticatory movement occurs complicatedly and bilaterally. Although the tongue plays an important role in mastication, bilateral tongue function during mastication has not been clarified yet. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of food properties on posterior tongue activity and coordination of muscles bilaterally by electromyography (EMG). METHODS: Twenty healthy adults (10 males and 10 females; mean age 28 years; range: 22-33 years) participated in this study. Three test foods, gummy jelly (hard food), sponge cake (soft food requiring crushing), and mashed potatoes (soft food not requiring crushing), were used. Bilateral masseter N-EMG (surface electromyography for measuring the muscle activity of posterior tongue) and submental EMG were carried out while the participants chewed three test foods. The participants were instructed to masticate three test foods only on the right side and only on the left side unilaterally. RESULTS: In the case of gummy jelly, N-EMG activity on the mastication side was significantly larger than that on the non-mastication side (P < .01). Regarding temporal relationship between the masseter and N-EMG activity, in the case of gummy jelly, the percentage of cases where the N-EMG peak was observed during masseter muscle EMG bursts was significantly higher than those for sponge cake and mashed potatoes (P < .01). CONCLUSION: N-EMG activity on the mastication side was significantly larger than that on the non-mastication side in the mastication of hard foods. Tongue showed activity pattern changes and coordinated with the masseter muscle depending on food texture.


Assuntos
Músculo Masseter , Mastigação , Adulto , Eletromiografia , Feminino , Alimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Músculos da Mastigação , Músculo Temporal , Língua , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Oral Rehabil ; 48(4): 392-402, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33368502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Closing movements are among the jaw's basic physiological motor actions. During functional movements, the jaw changes position continually, which requires appropriate proprioception. However, the significance of the various proprioceptive receptors involved and how they interact is not yet fully clear. OBJECTIVES: This study's main objective was to test whether preventing intercuspation (IC) for 1 week would affect the precision of jaw-closing movements into IC and the functional space of habitual chewing movements (HCM). A secondary objective was to compare precision of jaw-closing movements into IC with the precision of movements into a target position (TP) far from IC. METHODS: Fourteen participants' HCM and jaw-closing movements into IC were recorded on two sessions (T1 and T2) 1 week apart. Between sessions, participants wore posterior bite plates to prevent IC. They also received a 10-minute training session at T1 to guide their jaw-closing movements into TP. The precision of the closing movements into IC and TP was analysed. For HCM, the vertical amplitude, lateral width and area of chewing cycles were evaluated. RESULTS: The precision of jaw movements into IC increased as the jaw gap decreased, but precision did not differ significantly between T1 and T2. For HCM, the vertical amplitude and area of chewing cycles increased significantly between T1 and T2. The precision of the closing trajectory into TP increased significantly during the training session. CONCLUSION: Our results confirm the excellent adaptability of the craniomandibular system, controlled by stringent motor programmes that are supported by continuous peripheral sensory input.


Assuntos
Mastigação , Movimento , Humanos , Arcada Osseodentária , Periodicidade
16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(24)2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33316897

RESUMO

Feeding behaviour can be used as an important indicator to support animal management. However, using feeding behaviour as a tool for dairy cow management an automatic sensor system is needed. Hence, the objective of this study was to setup, test and validate a ultra-high frequency (UHF) radio-frequency identification (RFID) system for measuring time dairy cows spent at the feed fence using two types of passive UHF ear tags. In a first experiment, the reading area of the system was evaluated in two antenna positions. Subsequently, the UHF RFID system was validated with video observations and compared to the measurements of chewing time of a noseband pressure sensor and of the time spent at the feed fence registered by a sensor system with real-time localisation. Differences in the reading area were detected between the two antenna positions and types of ear tag. The antenna position leading to less false positive registrations was chosen for the experiment with cows. The validation with video data showed a high average sensitivity (93.7 ± 5.6%, mean ± standard deviation), specificity (97.8 ± 1.1%), precision (93.8 ± 2.3%) and accuracy (96.9 ± 0.9%) of the UHF RFID system for measuring the time spent at the feed fence. The comparison with the noseband pressure sensor and the real-time localisation resulted in high correlations with a correlation coefficient of r = 0.95 and r = 0.93, respectively. However, substantial absolute differences between the three systems pointed out differences between direct and indirect measures of feeding behaviour in general and between the different sensors in particular. Thus, detailed considerations are necessary before interpreting automatically measured feeding data generally.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Monitorização Fisiológica , Dispositivo de Identificação por Radiofrequência , Animais , Bovinos , Coleta de Dados , Feminino , Objetivos , Mastigação
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371399

RESUMO

Mortality is obviously intended for epidemiological studies of community-dwelling older adults. There are several health-related factors associated with nutritional status and mortality. The aim of this study was to elucidate the risk factor for mortality in community-dwelling oldest-older adults at the age of 90 and clarify the structure of health-related factors associated with mortality. A 10-year follow-up study was performed for 93 subjects at the age of 90. The mean and median of their survival days were 2373 and 2581 days for women, and 1694 and 1793 days for men. By Cox's proportional hazards model, health-related factors associated with mortality were self-assessed for chewing ability, activities of daily living (ADLs), serum albumin, total cholesterol, serum creatinine, and gripping power for women but not for men. These factors interacted with each other, and the association of these factors was different in women and men. Self-assessed chewing ability was a powerful risk factor for mortality in women at the age of 90. It acted independently from nutritional status. For older adults, addressing healthy food choices together with improved oral functions is useful. However, risk factors for mortality may depend on the life stage of subjects. To investigate the risk factor for the mortality, the life course approach is necessary.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Vida Independente , Mortalidade/tendências , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Mastigação , Fatores de Risco
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374152

RESUMO

This study examined the prevalence of self-perceived chewing discomfort depending on the type of dental prosthesis used in South Korean adults. The subjects were 12,802 people over 20 years of age who participated in a health interview and dental examination. Chewing discomfort was examined using a self-assessed report with a structured questionnaire. Using multivariable logistic regression analysis, adjusted odds ratios were evaluated along with their 95% confidence intervals (α = 0.05). After adjusting for covariates, including age, gender, smoking, drinking, hypertension, diabetes, body mass index, education, income, and toothbrushing frequency, the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for chewing discomfort in groups without a dental prosthesis, with fixed dental prostheses, with removable partial dentures, and with removable complete dentures were 1 (reference), 1.363 (1.213-1.532), 2.275 (1.879-2.753), and 2.483 (1.929-3.197), respectively. The association between the prevalence of chewing discomfort and the type of dental prosthesis used was statistically significant even after adjusting for various confounders (p < 0.0001). The type of dental prosthesis was related to chewing discomfort among South Korean adults.


Assuntos
Prótese Total , Prótese Parcial Removível , Mastigação , Dor/etiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Bucal , República da Coreia
19.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243495, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320876

RESUMO

The maintenance of postural balance can be influenced by the lifestyle of a population. This study aimed to determine the electromyographic activity of the masseter and temporalis muscles during mandibular tasks and habitual and non-habitual chewing in indigenous individuals to reveal the differences among white Brazilian individuals. Sixty Brazilians (18 and 28 years) were divided into two groups: 30 Xingu indigenous individuals and 30 white Brazilian individuals, with 20 men and 10 women in each group. The individuals were assessed using the normalized electromyographic activity of mandibular tasks (rest, protrusion, right and left laterality) and electromyographic activity of masticatory cycles in habitual (peanuts and raisins) and non-habitual (Parafilm M) chewing. Data were analyzed using Student's t-test (p < .05). Comparisons between the groups demonstrated significant differences. Indigenous individuals group presented a decrease in the normalized electromyographic activity of the masticatory muscles during mandibular rest [right masseter (p = .002) and left masseter (p = .004) muscles]. There was increase in the normalized electromyographic activity during protrusion [left temporal (p = .03) muscle]. There was increase in the electromyographic activity during chewing: peanuts [right masseter (p = .001), left masseter (p = .001) and right temporal (p = .01) muscles], raisins [right masseter (p = .001), left masseter (p = .002), right temporal (p = .008), left temporal (p = .01) muscles] and Parafilm M [left masseter muscle (p = .05)]. From the findings of this study, we concluded that in the comparison between indigenous and white individuals, positive changes were observed in the electromyographic pattern of the masticatory muscles in the mandibular postural conditions, with greater masticatory efficiency in the indigenous group.


Assuntos
Eletromiografia , Músculo Masseter/fisiologia , Músculo Temporal/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Povos Indígenas , Masculino , Mastigação/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...