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1.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 92(3): e20181307, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053105

RESUMO

In this work, a simple and fast method is proposed for the determination of ethanol in homeopathic medicines using thermal infrared enthalpimetry (TIE). Samples containing alcohol in a wide concentration range (from 5% to 95% v/v) were used. Purified water or absolute ethanol was added directly into homeopathic medicine and increase of temperature was monitored using an infrared camera. Total volume, stirring speed and dispensing rate of solutions were the most significant parameters studied for method optimization. A response surface methodology (RSM) was used for optimization of the experimental conditions. The method was validated in the following parameters: selectivity, linearity, linear range, precision (repeatability and intermediate precision), limit of detection and quantification, accuracy and robustness. Linear range was obtained from 4% to 55% (ethanol, v/v). The proposed method showed accuracy in agreement with the conventional one. The proposed method it was demonstrated a good alternative for determination of ethanol in homeopathic medicines, presenting low cost, fast analysis and agreement with the principles of green analytical chemistry.


Assuntos
Etanol , Materia Medica , Água , Materia Medica/química , Temperatura
2.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 50(4): 241-245, 2020 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32911922

RESUMO

Khumbu was first recorded in Wupu Bencao(, Wu Pu's Materia Medica) from the Wei period(220-265 A. D.), formerly known as "Lunbu" , Mingyi Bielu(, Alternative Records of Famous Physicians) began with "Kunbu" as the name of the drug, which has been used for generations. Nowadays, the original medicinal kelp is derived from Laminaria japonica Aresch. or Ecklonia kurome Okam. The kelp is mainly produced in the East China Sea region and North Korea according to early ancient herbal works. Today's kelp is mainly produced in Liaoning, Shandong, Zhejiang, Fujian, and Guangdong; Kunbu (chaese) is mainly produced in Zhejiang and Fujian. In addition to food, Khumbu has also been used as medicine for more than 2, 000 years.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , Publicações , China , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
3.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(9): 1280-1287, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990240

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To screen potential traditional Chinese medicine and their active monomer ingredients for treatment of diabetic nephropathy (DN) through the mechanism of caspase-1-mediated pyroptosis. METHODS: Using the Chinese Medicine System Pharmacology Analysis Platform (TCMSP), we screened traditional Chinese drugs and their active monomer components targeting caspase-1, and searched for the potential gene targets of the monomer components using GeneCards database. Cytoscape was used to construct the monomer compound-gene target network. Gene ontology (GO) functional enrichment analysis and Kyoto Gene and Gene Encyclopedia (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were used to predict the molecular mechanism of the screened traditional Chinese medicine and monomers. In SD rat models of diabetic mellitus (DM), we tested the therapeutic effect of ginsenoside Rh2 (daily dose of 20 mg/kg for 12 weeks) by examining renal pathology with HE staining and detecting the expressions of pyroptosis marker proteins caspase-1, GSDMD, IL-1ß and IL-18 in the renal tissues using Western blotting, the serum levels of IL-1ß and IL-18 and activities of cathepsin B and cathepsin L. RESULTS: Ginsenoside Rh2 could effectively dock with caspase-1 molecule. Fourteen targets were identified in ginsenoside Rh2 target network. GO function enrichment analysis revealed 27 GO terms associated with molecular function (4 terms), cell component (10 terms) and biological process (13 terms). KEGG pathyway enrichment analysis identified 4 signaling pathways involving lysosomes, glycosaminoglycan degradation, galactose metabolism, and sphingolipid metabolism pathways. In the animal experiment, treatment with ginsenoside Rh2 significantly alleviated renal pathologies and down-regulated the expressions of pyroptosis marker proteins (cleaved caspase-1, GSDMD-N, IL-1ß and IL-18) (P < 0.05 or 0.01), lowered serum levels of IL-1ß and IL-18 (P < 0.01), and enhanced the activities of cathepsin B and cathepsin L in the serum of the diabetic rats. CONCLUSIONS: Ginsenoside Rh2 may inhibit caspase-1-mediated pyroptosis through the lysosome pathway to improve kidney damages in rat models of DN.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Materia Medica , Animais , Caspase 1 , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Neoplasias , Piroptose , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(16): 3997-4003, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893600

RESUMO

Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus is a both medicinal and edible species specified by the China Ministry of Health, with a long history in China. According to the ancient monographs about materia medica, it was found that the records of the Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus on the original plants were confused. This paper reviewed the ancient monographs about materia medica, and made a summarization and textual research on the name, origin, habitat, processing methods, medicinal properties and clinicacy efficacy of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus based the comprehensive analysis on modern literatures and authoritative books of Chinese herbal medicine. The results indicated that there were many bynames of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus. Before the Yuan Dynasty, there was a mixed use of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus and Citri Fructus, which were not distinguished from each other in terms of nature and taste until the Yuan dynasty. Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus was a varietas of Citri Fructus. The main shape of the original plant of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus is "like a human hand with fingers" as recorded in ancient monographs about materia medica. The main places of origin of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus were Guangdong, Zhejiang, Fujian, Sichuan, which were relatively stable. There were fewer records about medicinal proces-sing methods of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus. Only steaming and baking methods were found in ancient monographs about materia medica, and the steaming method could reduce the irritability of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus. The processing of therapeutic dietary of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus was widely used in folk, which was represented by Chaozhou Laoxianghuang, a traditional succade made of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus. According to the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus had effects in soothing liver and regulating gas, relieving pain in the stomach, eliminating dampness and resolving phlegm, which was basically consistent with the descriptions in ancient monographs about materia medica. This paper defined the original plant of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, and sorted out and summarized the processing methods, nature and taste of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, so as to provide data support for the standardization of the processing technology and the development and utilization of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , China , Frutas , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
5.
Homeopathy ; 109(3): 167-168, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643783

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 epidemic in Italy, hospital outpatient clinics progressively decreased their activities; in March 2020 they were closed except for emergencies. During this period, the activities of the public Homeopathy Outpatient Clinic of Lucca aimed at guaranteeing therapeutic continuity to patients by means of telephone or video consultations, and searching for homeopathic medicines that best responded to early COVID-19 symptoms. In March 2020, the Complementary Medicine Working Group participated in the organization of a mission of COVID-19 Chinese experts for the online training of professionals working in the Tuscan Healthcare System. The medical staff of the Lucca Clinic also cooperated in telephone health surveillance of infected patients at home, seroprevalence investigations using the capillary blood rapid test, and the implementation of the CLIFICOL (Clinical Files Collection) project.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Materia Medica/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Homeopatia , Humanos , Itália , Pandemias
6.
Homeopathy ; 109(3): 163-166, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663887

RESUMO

This article provides a view of homeopathic clinical practice in the New York City area in the first few months of 2020 as the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic began to evolve in the United States. Key symptoms used to generate a short list of potentially curative remedies are given, and the pandemic syndrome is viewed as appearing in stages or as having various clinical manifestations each with its own main remedy. The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is briefly described, as are the preliminary presenting signs and symptoms of COVID-19 infection. Several clinical examples are given, some with positive laboratory confirmation.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Homeopatia/métodos , Materia Medica/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Cidade de Nova Iorque , Pandemias , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(11): 2694-2701, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627505

RESUMO

Coicis Semen is widely used as a raw material which can be used as both medicine and food among people. According to the ancient monographs on materia medica and relevant documents on the processing specifications in various provinces and cities, herba logical study on the historical evolution of the processing methods of Coicis Semen was conducted in this paper from the aspects of collecting and processing methods of Coicis Semen, the processing methods in the past dynasties and the nature, flavour and efficacy of Coicis Semen. The results showed that the processing methods of Coicis Semen recorded in monographs on materia medica mainly included stir-frying, glutinous rice stir-frying, salt processing(including salt cooking and salt stir-frying), stir-frying with the earth scraped from the wall facing east, and ginger juice stir-frying, etc. Among them, stir-frying, and stir-frying with the earth scraped from the wall facing east are still used nowadays. The bran stir-frying is the improved version of glutinous rice stir-frying in order to be adaptive to the modern-day situation and the needs of the present. In addition, the ancient shell removal and kernel keeping method are also included in the processing procedures in modern local processing specifications, which are combined with frying to form a new method named "Fazhi" processing( "Fazhi" means a processing method of multiple procedures). The 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia records that Coicis Semen is helpful to clear dampness and promote diuresis, strengthen the spleen and prevent diarrhea, eliminate impediment, discharge pus, resolve toxin and a mass, etc., which are consistent with those contained in ancient monographs on materia medica. After the "Fazhi" processing, the cold nature of Coicis Semen has been removed and its nature,flavour and meridian tropism have been changed, so its application scopes expanded. The results of this study clearly traced the history of the collecting and proces-sing of Coicis Semen, summarized the nature, flavour and efficacy of Coicis Semen contained in both ancient and modern literature, and provided a historical basis for the standardization of the subsequent processing technology of Coicis Semen, the clinical application of various processed products, and the further development and utilization of medicinal materials.


Assuntos
Coix , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Gengibre , Materia Medica , Oryza , Culinária , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(11): 2702-2707, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627506

RESUMO

Gastrodia Rhizoma, as a precious Chinese materia medica, has attracted the attention of Chinese materia medica experts in the past dynasties for the commercial specification and experimental identification, and has gradually formed a wealth of terms concerning commercial specification and experimental identification. Through combing the literatures of successive dynasties, this paper discussed the change of the commercial specification of the Gastrodiae Rhizoma and formation of its identifying terms. It has found that the Gastrodiae Rhizoma mainly came from the dried rhizomes of the Gastrodia elata f.elata before the Qing Dynasty. Since the Qing Dynasty, G. elata in Yunnan and Guizhou gradually arose and become one of sources of mainstream commodities. After that, G. elata f. glauca and G. elata f. elata were becoming the main sources of Gastrodiae Rhizoma. Before the large-scale cultivation of G. elata in the 1970 s, there is only wild G. elata over the country. In terms of commercial specification, they were often classified into Chunma and Dongma according to their harvest time. With the successful promotion of cultivation technology and the endangered wild resources of G. elata, the Dongma became the mainstream in the market. The adulterants of G. elata increased significantly in the 1960 s and 1970 s, in this period, the terms of experimental identification for G. elata also increased obviously. Experimental identification is distinctive in different times, therefore, studying experimental identification of medicinal materials helps to promote the development of the Chinese materia medica.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Gastrodia , Materia Medica , China , Rizoma
9.
Rev. salud pública ; 22(3): e287216, May-June 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127228

RESUMO

RESUMEN Hace unos cuantos siglos, en la materia médica de los nahuas prehispánicos se incluían alimentos curativos. En la actualidad, legitimado por las ciencias experimentales, nace el nutracéutico como un alimento con propiedades curativas que se utiliza en los modelos de salud preventivos del cáncer. En este artículo, comienzo por proponer que el conocimiento prehispánico puede ser validado epistémica y metodológicamente, si se apela al particular marco conceptual de los prehispánicos. Después, arguyo que el consumo de nutracéticos, como anticancerígenos, puede pensarse como parte de medidas preventivas primarias y secundarias, así como en la comprensión de las prácticas de autocuidado en el marco de la ética contemporánea del cáncer. Concretamente, que el consumo de nutracéticos y los alimentos prehispánicos mexicanos pueden legitimarse como prácticas de bienestar y prevención cada vez más pertinentes, en la intersección de la experiencia del enfermo y de su contexto. La responsabilidad de quien padece, dentro de un contexto sociopolítico cada vez más estructurado por las exigencias de vulnerabilidad del mercado terapéutico y de las estrategias confesionarias que otorgan verdad y validez a las figuras de autoridad, se gana en la práctica de conocerse y entenderse a sí mismo en la intersubjetividad contextual.(AU)


ABSTRACT The pre-Hispanic Nahuas had a medical system that included healing foods among their therapeutic practices. Nowadays, a new knowledge is born, legitimated by experimental sciences: the nutraceutical, a food with curative properties used in cancer preventive health models. In this article, I begin by proposing that pre-Hispanic knowledge can be validated epistemically and methodologically, if we appeal to the particular conceptual framework of the pre-Hispanic. Later, that the consumption of nutraceuticals, as anti-cancer drugs, can be thought of as part of primary and secondary preventive measures, as well as in the understanding of self-care practices in the framework of contemporary cancer bioethics. Specifically, that the consumption of nutraceuticals and Mexican pre-Hispanic foods can be legitimized as increasingly relevant wellness and prevention practices, at the intersection of the patient's experience and his or her context. The responsibility of those who suffer, within a sociopolitical context that is increasingly structured by the demands of vulnerability of the therapeutic market and the confessional strategies that give truth and validity to the figures of authority over whom they suffer, is gained in the practice of knowing and understanding oneself within contextual intersubjetivity.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Biotecnologia/tendências , Materia Medica , Suplementos Nutricionais , Suplementos Nutricionais/provisão & distribução , Licopeno/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle
10.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 50(1): 33-38, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564535

RESUMO

Mei Shi fang() is a lost medical prescription book. Its title came from the "book of classics and history" , a chapter of Zhenglei Bencao (, Collected Classified Materia Medica). 117 pieces of lost articles were preserved in the book. In addition to Zhenglei Bencao, a total of 50 kinds of medical books explicitly quoted some of the lost articles in Mei Shi Fang. Among them, 38 kinds of medical books did not exceed the scope of the articles of Mei Shi Fang cited in Zhenglei Bencao, 12 kinds of medical books contained the articles of Mei Shi Fang which did not quoted in Zhenglei Bencao. It is speculated that Mei Shi Fang may still exist in the Yangtze River basin from 1552 to 1578. In terms of the existing articles of Mei Shi Fang, it has academic origin with Zhouhou Beiji Fang (, Handbook of Prescriptions for Emergency).


Assuntos
Livros , Materia Medica , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , China
11.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 50(1): 43-53, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564537

RESUMO

Tang Tenghan (1900-1988), who was a famous pharmaceutical chemist in China, was born in Java, Indonesia. He received his PhD from Institute of Pharmacy, Department of Philosophy in Berlin University. After returning to China, Tang Tenghan was employed by Shandong University, National Pei Yang University, West China Union University and Tongji University, etc. He engaged in education and scientific research in Pharmacy, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. He was one of early scholars using pharmacognosy, chemistry and pharmacology on Chinese materia medica. At the same time, he held the concurrent position in pharmaceutical factory and took charge the production of drugs. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, he organized and led the anti-chemical agent research in Academy of Military Medical Sciences. In addition, Tang Tenghan contributed to the preparation of pharmacopoeia, the compilation of textbooks and the cultivation of talents. This paper made a detailed investigation of Tang Tenghan's lifework, analyzed the contribution and significance of his work in the history of Chemistry and Pharmacy, reflected the spirit of a generation of scientists.


Assuntos
Química Farmacêutica/história , Materia Medica , Medicina Militar , Academias e Institutos , China , História do Século XX , Universidades
12.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 50(1): 54-57, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564538

RESUMO

The drug Fei Lian() in the unearthed medical book the Prescription for Nurturing Vitality () has been interpreted as Fei Lian(, an insect medicine) in Shennong Bencao Jing(, Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica). This article interprets it as herbal medicine Fei Lian(), not insect medicine Fei Lian() in Shennong Bencao Jing, based on the mutual evidence of unearthed documents and handed down documents, also the methods of phonology and exegesis. The word "Fei Lian" has rich cultural connotations, its etymology is related to "wind" , its semantics has the meaning of "light and fast speed" . It is used as the name of related totem image, legendary figures, historical figures, medicines, architecture and so on.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , Plantas Medicinais , Livros , Fitoterapia
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(8): 1960-1967, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489084

RESUMO

As a medicine, Heshouwu was first appeared in Kaibao Bencao in Song Dynasty, which was a traditional tonic medicine. In recent years, the hepatotoxicity of Heshouwu has attracted great attention of domestic and foreign scholars. This paper has carried out textual research on illustration, quality evaluation, toxic and side effects of the Heshouwu in the historical Bencao(materia medica) literature. Illustrations of Heshouwu in the historical Bencao literatures are basically Polygonum multiflorum. Only in Taiyixian Zhibencao Yaoxing Daquan and Tujie Bencao, illustrations of Heshouwu may be Pteroxygonum giraldii and Dioscorea bulbifera, respectively. Illustrations of Heshouwu in the historical Bencao literatures are quite different from those of the genus Cynanchum in Asclepiadaceae. In the biography of Heshouwu, the author has noticed the abnormal vascular bundle in the root tuber of Heshouwu, which was inherited by the historical Bencao literatures. This is also one of the evidences to infer that Heshouwu is from Polygonaceae plant P. multiflorum. The description of abnormal vascular bundle in the historical Bencao literatures has been developed and evolved into the term "brocaded patterns", and it is considered that "five petals are good". Furthermore, ancient medical scientists have noticed that there are toxic differences in different characters of Heshouwu, that is, "Heshouwu with abundant parenchyma cells, low fibrous and large is superior in quality", "the hard and fibrous root tuber of P. multiflorum has toxic side effects". In this paper, the germplasm and the theory of assessing the quality by distinguishing features of traditional Chinese medicinal materials of Heshouwu in the historical Bencao literatures are reviewed, which provides the basis of materia medica for the quality evaluation of Heshowu.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Fallopia multiflora , Materia Medica , Publicações , China , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(9): 1975-1981, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495541

RESUMO

The ecological agriculture of Chinese materia medica(CMM) has become the most dynamic and promising new field in the global ecological agriculture. The development of ecological planting of CMM has become the national strategy of Chinese traditional medicine agriculture. It has been highly valued and has flourished throughout the country, and has formed some more mature ecological planting models of CMM. Based on the system level, this paper sorts out the common ecological cultivation patterns of CMM, and obtains five basic patterns: landscape pattern at the ecological landscape level, circulation pattern at the ecosystem level, stereo model at the bio-community level, biodiversity patterns at the level of biological populations and well-established models at the level of biological individuals. On this basis, eight common ecological planting techniques of CMM were obtained, includingwild tending techniques, fine agricultural farming techniques, directional cultivation techniques, soil improvement techniques, soil testing and fertilization techniques, mycorrhizal cultivation techniques, green control technology for pests and diseases and facility cultivation techniques.This paper aims to provide theoretical basis for scientific research and popularization and application of CMM ecological planting.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , Agricultura , Ecossistema , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(9): 1982-1989, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495542

RESUMO

As an environment-friendly agriculture, ecological agriculture of Chinese materia medica(CMM) is being implemented in all parts of the country. Due to the stronger dependence on natural environmental conditions, ecological agriculture of CMM shows obvious regional differences in production practice. More mature CMM ecological planting patterns representative of each region were collected. It was found that common types of patterns in various regions of the country mainly included intercropping,intercropping,rotation planting mode, undergrowth planting mode, wild tending planting mode and landscape ecological planting mode. Based on the Construction Plan of National Dao-di Herbs Production Base(2018-2025) and Chinese Medicine Division, this paper systematically sorts out the pattern of ecological planting of CMM in the 8-avenue medicinal materials production areas according to the varieties and regions. The specific pattern of ecological planting of CMM included the ginseng undergrowth planting pattern in northeastern China, the bionics wild ecological planting of the Forsythia suspensa in northern China, the Fritillaria thunbergii-rice rotation in eastern China, the imitation wild planting pattern under the Polygonatum cyrtonema in central China, the planting pattern of the Fructus amomi under forest in southern China, the Ligusticum chuanxiong-rice rotation pattern in the Southwest, wild tending of Glycyrrhiza uralensis in the Northwest, and rhubarb imitation wild planting pattern in Qinghai-Tibet area. Finally, it is expected to provide reference for the screening and popularization of ecological planting patterns of other CMMs in various distribution areas.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ligusticum , Materia Medica , China , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Tibet
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(9): 1990-1995, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495543

RESUMO

With the rapid development of comprehensive health industry, the demand for Chinese medicinal materials is increasing. There is also a growing demand for land for the cultivation of Chinese medicinal materials.Based on the analysis of the demand characteristics of planting habitats for Chinese medicinal herbs, this paper finds that compared with the cultivated environment, the wild environment is more conducive to the improvement of the quality and stress resistance of medicinal plants. The eco-planting for Chinese medicinal materials is the only way to achieve high quality, efficient and sustainable production of traditional Chinese medicine. Therefore, according to the habitat distribution characteristics of wild medicinal plants, combined with the current situation of land resource utilization in China and the increasing demand for land for Chinese herbal medicine cultivation, the land use strategy of Chinese herbal medicine ecological agriculture was proposed. ① To vigorously develop underwood planting and change the existing field cultivation mode. ② To make full use of mountainous areas and barren slopes to carry out wild planta tending or planting imitates wild condition. ③ According to the development law and biological characteristics of medicinal plants, the land resources should be developed and used rationally according to local conditions.This can not only meet the requirements of the specific growth environment of Chinese medicinal materials, realize the sustainable development of the Chinese medicinal materials industry, but also increase the economic income of people in mountainous areas, provide scientific and effective solutions for the land use of Chinese medicinal materials, and also have important significance for the protection of wild Chinese medicinal materials.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , Plantas Medicinais , Agricultura , China , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(9): 2002-2008, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495545

RESUMO

This paper summarized the effects of ecological planting on secondary metabolism firstly and pointed out that ecological planting can increase the content of secondary metabolites in plants, especially the content of defensive secondary metabolites. The possible mechanism was analyzed subsequently. Then, we reviewed the induction and utilization of secondary metabolism in the ecological planting of Chinese materia medica from the perspectives of biological control of pests and diseases, promotion of beneficial microorganism accumulation, optimization of mixed planting, regulation of no-tillage and straw cover. In this article, we pointed out that paying close attention to secondary metabolism is the most important feature of ecological planting of Chinese materia medica. Ecological planting can promote the accumulation of secondary metabolites of Chinese materia medica which means can improve the quality of Chinese materia medica, beneficial to the prevention and control of diseases, insects and weeds. Furthermore, lacking of systemic researches,the extensive verifications and systematic in-depth researches on the ecological planting of Chinese materia medica should be carry out urgently.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , Plantas Medicinais , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Metabolismo Secundário
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(9): 2031-2035, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495549

RESUMO

The long-term and extensive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in the cultivation of Chinese materia medica has resulted in serious soil ecological and environmental problems such as secondary salinization, soil consolidation, soil acidification, continuous cropping obstacles, micro-ecological imbalance, and serious soil pests and diseases in the production areas of Chinese materia medica. Therefore, promoting the ecological planting of Chinese materia medica is the only way for the production of Chinese materia medica. Attapulgite(ATP) is a kind of water-rich magnesium-rich aluminosilicate clay mineral with layered and chain structure. It has abundant reserves in China, possesses nano-material properties, strong adsorption and ion exchange properties, and has huge high value utilization space. ATP and its functional products have the potential of water and fertilizer conservation, regulating soil structure and micro-ecology, and are widely used in ecological planting of Chinese materia medica. This paper reviews the resource distribution, structural characteristics, the research and application progress in soil ecological effects of ATP, and prospects the application prospects of it in the ecological planting of Chinese materia medica.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , China , Compostos de Magnésio , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Compostos de Silício , Solo
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(9): 2046-2049, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495552

RESUMO

Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex is perennial deciduous arbors, herbaceous medicinal plants are perennial. It is a rational disposition of Chinese materia medica planting colonies by inter cropping of Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex and herbaceous medicinal plants, based on their different plant height. According to the different demand of sunlight in density and periodicity, the heliophilous and shade-requiring plants, perennial arbors and herbaceous, short and long-term growth plants were intercropping in this kind of the ecological planting pattern. It can efficiently enhance the ecological, economic and social benefits by making full use of nutrients and land sources, as well as increasing the biodiversity in Chinese materia medica planting areas.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , Plantas Medicinais , Agricultura , Estudos de Viabilidade
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(10): 2464-2472, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495607

RESUMO

Colla Corii Asini(Ejiao)is an important Chinese medicine used in China for thousands of years, and is well known for its famous tonic properties. The herbalogical study was detailed carried out based on the naming, habitat, harvesting, processing, medicinal properties and clinical efficacy. The results showed that the name of Ejiao could be traced back to Shennong's Materia Medica, and various names of Lvpi Jiao, Penfu Jiao and Fuzhi Jiao were recorded in other ancient books. In the many intervening centuries, the main materials of Ejiao had been replaced from cow leather before Tang Dynasty to donkey skin in the middle to late Tang Dynasty. This phenomenon could be probably caused by complicated social factors of various periods and different efficacy of Ejiao made by all kinds of raw materials. Ejiao was merely processed with the simple methods before Tang Dynasty, which subsequently improved avariety of methods to enhance the supplementation action. Most importantly, Ejiao has a wide clinic application along with the development of processing theories and methods, which can be found in various Classics, especially in imperial medical case record in Qing Dynasty.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , Animais , Bovinos , China , Feminino , Gelatina , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
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