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2.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 52(5): 270-275, 2022 Sep 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36268662

RESUMO

The thinking of "identifying forms and verifying quality'' in materia medica research came from the theory of "treatment based on syndrome differentiation" in traditional Chinese medicine. It refers to an approach to evaluate the quality of materia medica based on their characteristics and external properties in order to clarify the nature of medicinal materials. This paper examined the historical development of "identifying forms and verifying quality'' from the pre-Qin Dynasty up to today and analysed the connotation of this thinking. It is believed that this thinking has advantages such as scientific, holistic, practical, and universal considerations. However, it still needs to be developed in terms of philosophical thinking and practical application.


Assuntos
Materia Medica , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
3.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 52(5): 282-291, 2022 Sep 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36268664

RESUMO

Ben Cao Tu Jing had 48 materia medica illustrations related to the regional names in Shandong province. It was found that 42 of them were plant medicinal materials, distributed in seven areas in Shandong province. This study examined these illustration of plant medicinal materials and found that 26 species of these illustration of plant medicinal materials were identified with three genera and 11 illustrations were unverified. Most materia medica illustrations relating to the regional names in Shandong province were found mainly in Yanzhou, Qizhou and Zizhou. This indicated that materia medica were widely used in these areas in the Northern Song Dynasty. The haustorium of Cuscuta Chinensis were depicted in the "Shanzhou Tu Si Zi" and the habitat of wild poriacocos was described. This showed that the illustrators of Ben Cao Tu Jing might have conducted fieldwork and reflected on the main principles about how to identify materia medica in Ben Cao Tu Jing Zou Chi. Inconsistencies were found between the illustrations and the expressions of plant medicinal materials in some illustrations, such as Gui Jiu, Ginsen and Shan Zhu Yu. This suggested that in the Northern Song Dynasty Stemmacantha Uniflora, Belamcanda chinensis might have been mixed up with Dysosma and Pinellia Pedatisecta might have been mixed up with Pinellia Ternata. This was in line with the compiling theories of Su Song that they could be recorded together when the illustrations and literature were inconsistent with each other.


Assuntos
Materia Medica , China
4.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 52(5): 309-312, 2022 Sep 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36268667

RESUMO

Ben Cao Quan is an ancient classic book on materia medica compiled by Goku Yoshida, a Japanese scholar in the Edo period (1603-1867). A total of 568 materia medica in 53 categories in Ben Cao Quan came from Ben Cao Gang Mu compiled by Li Shizhen in the Ming Dynasty. These materia medica were introduced with some of his own interpretations of Goku Yoshida. The main characteristics of Ben Cao Quan reflected as follows. It attached importance to the comparison of translation from Chinese into Japanese and selected those materia medica commonly used in Japan, in particular, from 'spicific explanation' (Ji Jie) and 'smell' (Qi Wei) in Ben Cao Gang Mu.It focused on application and integrated local practice, and interpreted the personal insights of Goku Yoshida.Goku Yoshida's personal understanding and perception of these material medica were shown in terms of their origin and quality, analysis of their properties and collection, interpretation of their identification and selection, their local names, their Japanese names, and review of the changes when these materia medica were introduced into Japan.The purpose of Ban Cao Quan was to attempt to help Japanese identify materia medica and distinguish quality and interpret materia medica with Japanese characteristics. The book is valuable literature for the research of the impact of Ben Cao Gang Mu on the development of materia medica in Japan.


Assuntos
Materia Medica , Japão , Livros , Traduções , China
5.
Phytomedicine ; 107: 154433, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36191550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Shengmai San Formula (SMS), composed of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Ophiopogon Radix and Schisandra chinensis Fructus, was a famous formula in Tradition Chinese Medicine (TCM). With the expansion of clinical applications, SMS was developed to different dosage forms, including Shengmai Yin Oral liquid (SMY), Shengmai Capsule (SMC), Shengmai Granule (SMG), Shengmai Injection (SMI) and Dengzhan Shengmai Capsule (DZSMC). These above SMS-derived compound prescriptions (SSCPs) play an important role in the clinical treatment. This review is aimed to providing a comprehensive perspective of SSCP. METHODS: The relevant literatures were collected from classical TCM books and a variety of databases, including PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Springer Link, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Data. RESULTS: The chemical constituents of SSCPs, arrived from the individual medicinal materials including Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Ophiopogon Radix, Schisandra chinensis Fructus, Erigerontis Herba, were firstly summarized respectively. Then the pharmacokinetics studies, quality control, and pharmacological properties of SSCPs were all reviewed. The active compounds, pharmacokinetics characterizes, quality control markers, the effects and mechanisms of pharmacology of the different dosage forms of SSCPs were summarized. Furthermore, the research deficiencies of SSCPs and an innovative research paradigm for Chinese materia medica (CMM) formula were proposed. CONCLUSIONS: SMS, as a famous CMM formula, has great values in drug research and in clinical treatment especially for cardiocerebrovascular diseases. This article firstly make a comprehensive and systematic review on SMS.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , Panax , Combinação de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Panax/química , Prescrições , Controle de Qualidade
6.
Pharmazie ; 77(7): 270-277, 2022 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36199188

RESUMO

The aim of this paper is to present an overview of Dioscorides' recipes from his work De materia medica which are found in Croatian folk medicine preserved in books of folk recipes called ljekaruse. The particularities of five published and analysed Croatian books of folk recipes from the 17 th and 18 th century are examined. Recipes with drugs of herbal and animal origin, which are most often mentioned in Croatian books of folk recipes, and which were available in folk medicine at the time, are compared with those from Dioscorides' work. Many herbal drugs described in books of folk recipes are today used in contemporary phytotherapy, and modern biomedical research reveals new bioactive substances and confirms new and potential biological activities in medicinal plants used in folk medicine, which is the basis for further study of De materia medica by Dioscorides and ethnomedicinal collections. Croatian books of folk recipes are a valuable resource for multidisciplinary study, including for medicinal and pharmaceutical historians, philologists and ethnologists.


Assuntos
Materia Medica , Plantas Medicinais , Livros , Croácia , História do Século XVII , História do Século XVIII , Materia Medica/história , Medicina Tradicional , Fitoterapia/história
7.
Toxicon ; 219: 106934, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36195155

RESUMO

Kochiae Fructus (KF) was listed as 'top grade' medicinal material by the 'Shennong's Herbal Classic of Materia Medica' and has been used in traditional Chinese medicine to delay aging and treat inflammation, such as rubella, eczema, cutaneous pruritus, etc. Our research focused on the antioxidant capability of water decoction and fractions from KF based on 2,2-iphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) cation radical scavenging assay, the ferric reducing antioxidant power assay, and inhibitory effects on DNA and protein oxidative damage. The results of total phenolics and flavonoids contents showed that ethyl acetate fraction (EAF) possessed the highest phenolics and flavonoids with values of 112.90 ± 9.58 mg gallic acid equivalents/g and 329.60 ± 20.93 mg rutin equivalents/g, respectively. At the same time, the results of antioxidant capacities showed that EAF possessed best antioxidant abilities. In addition, in this work, we evaluated the oral safety of the water decoction of KF (KFWD) via the 14-day acute and 28-day subacute toxicity tests. The results of in vivo toxicity assessment showed that KFWD did not cause significant changes in the general clinical symptoms, hematology and biochemical parameters, organ weights, or histopathological appearances in mice or rats. In summary, the reason why KF has the traditional effect on delaying aging may be related to the fact that its rich in flavonoids and phenolics. Simultaneously, no toxicity was detected after acute or subacute treatment of KFWD, providing valuable evidence for the traditional safe use of KF.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Materia Medica , Camundongos , Ratos , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Água , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Fenóis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Ácido Gálico , Rutina , Ácidos Sulfônicos/metabolismo
8.
Am J Chin Med ; 50(8): 2223-2244, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36266753

RESUMO

The property theory is a unique principle instructing traditional Chinese doctors to prescribe proper medicines against diseases. As an essential part of it, the five-flavor theory catalogs various Chinese materia medicas (CMMs) into five flavors (sweet, bitter, sour, salty, and pungent) based on their taste and medical functions. Although CMM has been successfully applied in China for thousands of years, it is still a big challenge to interpret CMM flavor via modern biomarkers, further deepening its elusiveness. Herein, to identify the correlation between gut microbiota and CMM flavor, we selected 14 CMMs with different flavors to prepare their aqueous extracts, quantified the contained major chemical components, and then performed full-length 16S rRNA sequencing to analyze the gut microbiota of C57BL/6 mice administrated with CMM extracts. We found that flavones, alkaloids, and saponins were the richest components for sweet-, bitter-, and pungent-flavored CMMs, respectively. Medicines with merged flavors (bitter-pungent and sweet-pungent) displayed mixed profiles of components. According to gut microbial analysis, modulation of CMMs belonging to the same flavor on the taxonomic classification was inconsistent to an extent, while the functional sets of gut microbiota, co-abundance gene groups (CAGs), strongly and differentially responded to distinct flavors. Moreover, these correlations were in line with their pharmacological actions. Therefore, the gut microbial functional sets (CAGs) could act as the possible indicator to reflect CMM flavor, rather than the composition of microbial community.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Materia Medica , Camundongos , Animais , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
9.
Biomolecules ; 12(10)2022 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36291700

RESUMO

Ophiopogon japonicus is widely used as a tonic herb in China. According to the origins, MaiDong of Chinese materia medica can be classified as Zhe MaiDong (Ophiopogon japonicus in Zhejiang), Chuan MaiDong (Ophiopogon japonicus in Sichuan), Duanting Shan MaiDong (Liriope muscari), and Hubei MaiDong (Liriope spicata). In terms of quality control, polysaccharides-based evaluations have not yet been conducted. In this study, microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) was used for the preparation of polysaccharides from 29 batches of MaiDong. HPSEC-MALLS-RID and HPAEC-PAD were employed to investigate their molecular parameters and compositional monosaccharides, respectively. The ability to scavenge ABTS radicals and immune promotion abilities, in terms of nitric oxide releasing and phagocytosis on RAW 264.7 macrophages, were also compared. The results showed that polysaccharides in different MaiDong varied in molecular parameters. All polysaccharides mainly contained fructose and glucose with small amounts of arabinose, mannose, galactose, and xylose. For polysaccharides of Zhe MaiDong and Chuan MaiDong, the molar ratio of Fru to Glc was roughly 15:1 and 14:1, respectively. Zhe MaiDong exhibited better antioxidant and immune promotion activity, and so did that of fibrous roots. The pharmacological activity, however, did not account for the variation in growth years. Finally, indicators for quality control based on multivariate statistical analysis included: yield, antioxidant activity, the content of fructose, and RI signal. It was concluded that MaiDong's fibrous roots had similar components to the root, and their quality was not significantly affected by growth age. This may provide some guidance for the cultivation and use of MaiDong.


Assuntos
Materia Medica , Ophiopogon , Ophiopogon/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Manose , Galactose , Arabinose , Xilose , Óxido Nítrico , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/análise , Monossacarídeos , Frutose , Glucose
10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 299: 115696, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087845

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The rhizome of Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breit, called Pinelliae Rhizoma (PR) and Banxia in Chinese, is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) with the functions of "removing dampness-phlegm" and "downbear counterflow and check vomiting". PR has potential toxic effects that can be detoxified by Fuzhi processing (repeated processing using one or multiple adjuvants) with specific adjuvants. AIM OF THE STUDY: This paper aims to provide a summary of traditional and current processing methods used to detoxify PR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The available references of the processing methods of PR from the classic books of Materia Medica, literature, online databases and masters or doctoral theses are collected and summarized. We also discussed the possible processing mechanisms of how we can achieve a safer and effective application of PR via these processing methods. RESULTS: PR cannot be administered orally before processing. PR contains nucleoside alkaloids, cerebrosides, fatty acids, lectin, polysaccharides, and calcium oxalate crystals. To date, although the active substances of PR are still unclear, the toxic components are almost completely clarified as needle-like calcium oxalate crystals (NCOCs) and lectin proteins. Furthermore, the toxic effects of PR include causing death in animals, inflammation, conjunctival irritation, pregnancy toxicity, teratogenicity, visceral toxicity, aphonia and vomiting. From ancient times to now, Fuzhi methods have remained the predominant method for PR processing, and the main adjuvants used are ginger juice, alum, licorice and lime. In addition, detoxification mechanisms are related to removing or damaging the NCOC and lectin in PR based on processing with adjuvants. Currently, Fuzhi processing has been greatly improved, and novel processing technologies with novel adjuvants have been used for PR processing. However, there are still some flaws in PR processing, which should be urgently solved in the future, and clarifying the characteristic bioactive compounds in PR corresponding to its function or effects is the most important step for PR processing. CONCLUSION: Our present paper reviewed the previous literature regarding all aspects of the processing of PR, and this paper will be helpful for achieving a safer and effective application of PR and its processed products and will also be beneficial for the further optimization of processing technology and clinical medication safety of PR.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , Pinellia , Adjuvantes Farmacêuticos , Alcaloides/análise , Animais , Oxalato de Cálcio , Cerebrosídeos/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Lectinas/análise , Materia Medica/análise , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Nucleosídeos/análise , Pinellia/química , Rizoma/química , Tecnologia Farmacêutica/métodos , Vômito
11.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 22(1): 244, 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional herbs played a crucial role in the health care of the Hakka people. However, studies to identify these traditional herbs are few. Here we document and assess the potential of these plants for treating microbial infections. Many herbs used by the Hakka people could potentially be a novel medicinal resource. METHODS: Local herb markets were surveyed via semi-structured interviews, complemented by direct observations to obtain information on herbal usage. For each herb selected for this study, extracts in four different solvents were prepared, and tested for activity against 20 microorganisms, as well as cancerous and noncancerous cells. All data were subjected to cluster analysis to discover relationships among herbs, plant types, administration forms, solvents, microorganisms, cells, etc., with the aim to discern promising herbs for medicine. RESULTS: Ninety-seven Hakka herbs in Ganzhou were documented from 93 plants in 62 families; most are used for bathing (97%), or as food, such as tea (32%), soup (12%), etc. Compared with the Chinese Pharmacopoeia and Chinese Materia Medica, 24 Hakka medicines use different plant parts, and 5 plants are recorded here for the first time as traditional medicines. The plant parts used were closely related with the life cycle: annual and perennial herbs were normally used as a whole plant, and woody plants as (tender) stem and leaf, indicating a trend to use the parts that are easily collected. Encouragingly, 311 extracts (94%) were active against one or more microorganisms. Most herbs were active against Gram-positive bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus (67%), Listeria innocua (64%), etc. Cytotoxicity was often observed against a tumor cell, but rarely against normal cells. Considering both antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity, many herbs reported in this study show promise as medicine. CONCLUSION: Hakka people commonly use easily-collected plant parts (aerial parts or entire herb) as medicine. External use of decoctions dominated, and may help combating microbial infections. The results offer promising perspectives for further research since little phytopharmacology and phytochemistry has been published to date.


Assuntos
Materia Medica , Plantas Medicinais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos , China , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Solventes , Chá
12.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 28(7): 72-79, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36074959

RESUMO

Background and Objective: Homoeopathy has played a notable role in managing epidemics in the past. The Ministry of Ayush, Government of India, declared Arsenicum album 30 C as a prophylactic for Covid-19, which was followed by the distribution of the medicine across India. The Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH) collected post-prophylactic consumption data of individuals from various colleges over months, which created a data pool. Considering the importance of these mass-level data and their possible impact on public healthcare decisions, the information gathered from this heterogeneous population cohort was subjected to a retrospective data analysis to observe the incidence of Covid-19 in the community. Methods: Data from 50 colleges from February-August 2020 showed that 10.6 million people in 13 states of India received prophylactic medicine during the study period. The data was collected from individuals three weeks following prophylactic consumption for a retrospective analysis. The incidence of Covid-19 was assessed. Results: The data of 584 980 individuals who met the study criteria were included in the analysis. The incidence of Covid-19 in the population cohort was 13.58 per 10 000-person weeks (95% CI, 13.04 to 14.14), which remained near-constant over time despite the increasing disease burden in the country (12.87 to 14.52 per 10 000-person weeks). Consumption of the prophylactic significantly reduced the risk of contracting Covid-19 in high-risk groups as compared to their counterparts. Conclusion: The study concludes that Arsenicum album 30 C has a potential prophylactic effect against Covid-19. Further controlled studies are recommended to establish a causal relation.


Assuntos
Arsenicais , COVID-19 , Homeopatia , Materia Medica , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 52(4): 248-254, 2022 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36008315

RESUMO

P. F. von Siebold (1796-1866) was a physician at the Dutch Business Centre (Shang Wu Hui Guan) located at Nagasaki, Japan, in the Edo period. He collected a great amount of botanical and mineral specimens, books, and living wares when he stayed in Japan. He brought these materials to Europe and kept some of them at the Japan Museum Siebold Huis in Leiden in Netherlands. This collection showed the role of Siebold in connecting scientific and cultural exchanges between East and West and provided references in the research of the transmission of traditional Chinese medicine worldwide in the 19th century.


Assuntos
Materia Medica , Médicos , Livros , China , Humanos , Materia Medica/história , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/história
14.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 28(7): 184-187, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35951064

RESUMO

Context: Cervical spondylosis (CS) is a chronic degenerative condition that presents with chronic neck pain and stiffness with radiation of pain to the occiput or upper limbs and a sensation of numbness or tingling. Conservative treatment only provides short term relief. Objective: This case was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of individualised homoeopathy in the management of CS. Methods: A 39-year-old female patient was treated in the outpatient dept at Dr. D. Y. Patil homoeopathic medical college and research centre with the complaint of neck pain with stiffness. Radiological findings revealed the diagnosis of cervical spondylosis. Individualised homoeopathic medicine was selected after detailed case taking. 'Modified naranjo criteria' were used to assess the effect of homoeopathic medicine. Result: Homoeopathic medicine silicea terra was prescribed and found to be effective in this case. Conclusion: Further studies can be undertaken to assess the effectiveness of individualised homoeopathic medicine in the management of cervical spondylosis.


Assuntos
Homeopatia , Materia Medica , Espondilose , Adulto , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Homeopatia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Cervicalgia/diagnóstico , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Cervicalgia/terapia , Espondilose/complicações , Espondilose/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondilose/terapia
15.
Homeopathy ; 111(4): 252-260, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic COVID-19 subjects can transmit the infection for as many as 14 days and are regarded as a significant factor in the rapid spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. This exploratory study aimed to determine any additional benefits of selected homeopathic medicines compared with placebo in asymptomatic COVID-19 individuals receiving standard care. METHODS: This open-label, randomized, placebo-controlled, exploratory trial was undertaken at a COVID Care Centre (CCC) in Madhya Pradesh, India. Patients (n = 200, 18-65 years, both sexes) having a positive RT-PCR and asymptomatic during admission were enrolled. They were randomly assigned to one of four groups (each n = 50): Arsenicum album 30C (Ars. alb.), Camphora 1M (Camph.), Bryonia alba 30C (Bry. alb.) and placebo (Pl.). All the patients were given standard care. The primary outcome was the number of patients becoming RT-PCR negative for SARS-CoV-2 at days 5, 10 and 15. RESULTS: In total, 200 asymptomatic COVID-19 patients were enrolled. One hundred and seventy-seven patients became RT-PCR negative by day 15; 88%, 80%, 98% and 88% from Ars. alb., Camph., Bry. alb. and Pl. respectively. A Chi-square test of association for the total patients who became RT-PCR negative for SARS-Cov-2 in each group showed a marginal statistical significance (Chi-square: 8.1, p = 0.04). A two-proportion Z-test comparing each pre-identified homeopathic medicine with placebo showed marginal statistical significance (p = 0.05) for Bry alb. only. Median time in days to RT-PCR negative (Kaplan Meier analysis) was 10 days in each of the groups. CONCLUSION: There was some evidence that, compared with Ars alb., Camph. or Pl., Bry. alb. was associated with an increased number of patients who became RT-PCR negative for COVID-19 by day 15. The possible effect exerted needs to be investigated in additional research.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Homeopatia , Materia Medica , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pandemias , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , SARS-CoV-2 , Pesquisa , Materia Medica/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(13): 3675-3680, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35850822

RESUMO

The internationalization of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) is one of the strategic development objectives in China, which has been incorporated into the national strategy as an important part of the Belt and Road Initiative development strategy. As the basis and prerequisite of TCM development, Chinese materia medica(CMM) has a direct impact on the internationalization of TCM. The International Organization for Standardization(ISO) is a global organization composed of national standardization bodies, and the ISO standards impact the world's economy, trade, communication and cooperation. Based on a brief introduction to ISO/Traditional Chinese Medicine Technical Committee(ISO/TC 249), this study elaborates the necessity of establishing ISO standards for CMM and analyzes the current status and challenges faced by the formulation of international standards for CMM. Finally, this study puts forward the development strategy of international standards for CMM. Specifically, efforts should be made to develop top-level design with international market demands as the guidance and improve the quality of standards to accelerate the transformation of domestic high-quality standards into international standards. Moreover, measures should be taken to give full play to the positive role of enterprises in the formulation of standards, vigorously cultivate compound talents for international standardization of TCM, and constantly strengthen international cooperation. The experience and thinking are of guiding significance for the scientific, efficient and reasonable formulation of high-quality ISO standards for CMM in the future.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , China , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Padrões de Referência
17.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 52(3): 131-139, 2022 May 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35775265

RESUMO

Ben Cao Tu Jing had 38 materia medica illustrations related to the regional names in Zhejiang province. It was found that 30 of them were identified as being named after regional names in Zhejiang province, involving 20 families and 29 genera. One of the 38 materia medica illustrations was mineral medicine and seven of them were unverified. The twenty-five of these materia medica illustrations with regional names were found to be consistent with their names used today. Five of them came from similar names in Zhejiang province in the Northern Song Dynasty, another five of the 25 names were known with the names but not entity for the lack of full descriptions and drawings. It was found that the drawing and the text of "Ming Zhou Huang Yao" and "Qin Zhou Hong Yao" in Ben Cao Tu Jing were reversed. By comparing the materia medica illustrations related to regional names in Da Guan Ben Cao by Liu Jia and Zheng He Ben Cao by Zhang Huicun, the name and the illustration of "Jin Zhou Bei Mu" in Zheng He Ben Cao by Zhang Huicun was more believable than "Yue Zhou Bei Mu" in Da Guan Ben Cao by Liu Jia. "Tai Zhou Wu Yao" and "Zhe Ba Wei", as genuine medicinal materials in Zhejiang, can be traced back to the illustrations of "Tai Zhou Wu Yao", "Yue Zhou Bai Zhu", "Mu Zhou Mai Dong", "Wen Zhou Peng 'e Shu", "Yue Zhou Bei Mu" and "Tian Tai Wu Yao" in Ben Cao Tu Jing. These findings provided text and drawing literature of herbs in the Song Dynasty for the research of genuine medicinal materials and their characteristics in Zhejiang province. They also showed that the utilization and development of the resources of traditional Chinese medicine in Zhejiang in the Northern Song Dynasty mainly focused on the coastal areas.


Assuntos
Materia Medica , Livros , China , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
18.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 23(2): 133-134, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35748439

RESUMO

Besides conventional vaccinations, viable alternatives are needed to elicit an immune response against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). We propose and highlight the value of a homeopathic approach known as the "nosode" for the prevention of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Nosode is an extract prepared from disease-affected tissues which is subsequently processed and administered as an antidote for the same medical condition. This concept might be a crucial therapeutic approach for viral infections since infected tissues contain a wide range of important viral antigens that could induce a functional host response via immunological sensitization. Thereby, nosode preparation produced from SARS-CoV-2-affected tissues may provide protection against COVID-19. "SARS-CoV-2 nosode" warrants more scientific investigation as a viable alternative vaccination platform. Keywords: COVID-19, Nosode, SARS-CoV-2, Variolation.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Materia Medica , Vacinas , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 28(5): 54-59, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35648697

RESUMO

Context: Homeopathic medicine can be explained as a symptoms-based method of treatment, and it can act as an alternative treatment strategy against allopathy by focusing on the symptoms of illness, as opposed to causative agents as allopathic medicine does. Also, homeopathic medicines are extracted from nature rather than being chemically synthesized as western drugs are. Objective: The review intended to briefly describe the concept of homeopathic medicine, its emergence from a historical point of view, and its broader healing properties, providing examples of key homeopathic drugs and comparing them to modern medicines. Design: The research team performed a narrative review by searching databases like Pubmed, Google Scholar, and other national search engines. The search used the keywords homeopathic medicine, alternate medicine, materia medica, allium cepa, Zingiber officinale, penicillium, Agaricus muscaria, Botulinum toxin. Setting: Dr. D.Y. Patil Homoeopathic Medical College and Research Centre, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Pimpri, Pune. Results: This review highlights the rich sources homoeopathic drugs and their corelation with modern medicine. The current review focuses on the significance of the Homeopathic Materia Medica and on notable remedies in homeopathy that align with allopathy in addressing different pathological conditions, including treatments that the two types of medicine have in in common and that are effective in homeopathy. Conclusions: Many studies are being conducted to prove the mechanism of action of homoeopathic medicines. Droplet Evaporating Method (DEM), Raman, UltraViolet-Visible (UV-VIS) spectroscopy and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) are commonly used methods to characterize homeopathic medicines at ultra-low concentration and many such studies will surely indicate how homoeopathic medicines act. Such research results may subsequently lead to the betterment of treatment procedures and the integration of homeopathic principles into mainstream medical practices.


Assuntos
Homeopatia , Materia Medica , Homeopatia/métodos , Humanos , Índia , Materia Medica/uso terapêutico , Projetos de Pesquisa , Cicatrização
20.
Int. j. high dilution res ; 21(2): 2-3, May 6, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, HomeoIndex - Homeopatia | ID: biblio-1396754

RESUMO

Homeopathy is controversial because using highly dilute medicines (high homeopathic potencies, HHP) beyond the Avogadro/Loschmidt limit. Previous publications [1,2] using NMR relaxation revealed the involvement of nanobubbles and/or nanoparticles and/or nanometric superstructures in high potentizations. Nano Tracking Analyse (NTA) demonstrated the presence of particles in HHPs [3,4]. WithSEM-EDX [5] we observed an ionic diversity common to all preparations including HHPs and significant differences in the relative quantity of each ion between different homeopathic manufacturing lines and controls. FTIR spectroscopy [6] shows that the molecular composition is that of carbonates, primarily sodium bicarbonate.Methods:To observe the materiality of homeopathic medicines a multidisciplinary approach is necessary. In collaboration with several universities,we canobserve these medications with NMR, NTA, SEM-EDX, FTIR, pH,and EPA. Results:The essential component of all already studied homeopathic medicines is sodium hydrogen carbonate modulated by some other elements in a specific quantity, size,and shape. The probability that the observed results could have occurred just by random chance can be rejected(significantlyabove the Avogadro limit) p < 0,001.Conclusions:The homeopathic medicines do contain material with a specific ionic composition even in HHPs diluted beyond the Avogadro/Loschmidt limit. This specificity can be attributed to the manufacturing process. These results demonstrate that the step-by-step process (dynamized or not) does not match the theoretical expectations in a dilution process. The starting material and dilution/dynamization method influencethe nature of these NPs. The role of carbonates and sodium bicarbonate must be carefully studied in the future. Its aqueous solution is alkaline in nature but itis an amphoteric compound, which means that the compound has both acidic as well as alkaline character. The reaction with acids results in sodium salts and carbonic acid and the reaction with the basic solution producescarbonates and water. Specific electric fields are indeed detectable.


Assuntos
Materia Medica , Dinamização , Nanopartículas , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Bicarbonato de Sódio/análise
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