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1.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112253, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474815

RESUMO

Penetrating traumatic brain injury (pTBI) causes serious neurological deficits with no clinical regenerative therapies currently available. Tissue engineering strategies using biomaterial-based 'structural bridges' offer high potential to promote neural regeneration post-injury. This includes surgical grade materials which can be repurposed as biological scaffolds to overcome challenges associated with long approval processes and scaleup for human application. However, high throughput, pathomimetic models of pTBI are lacking for the developmental testing of such neuro-materials, representing a bottleneck in this rapidly emergent field. We have established a high throughput and facile culture model containing the major neural cell types which govern biomaterial handling in the central nervous system. We show that induction of traumatic injuries was feasible in the model, with post-injury implantation of a surgical grade biomaterial. Cellular imaging in lesions was achievable using standard epifluorescence microscopy methods. Key pathological features of pTBI were evident in vitro namely immune cell infiltration of lesions/biomaterial, with responses characteristic of cell scarring, namely hypertrophic astrocytes with GFAP upregulation. Based on our observations, we consider the high-throughput, inexpensive and facile pTBI model can be used to study biomaterial 'implantation' and evaluate neural cell-biomaterial responses. The model is highly versatile to test a range of laboratory and clinical grade materials for neural regeneration.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/terapia , Sistema Nervoso Central , Humanos , Regeneração Nervosa , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte
2.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112288, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474839

RESUMO

The bone extracellular matrix (ECM) is a composite scaffold having inorganic hydroxyapatite and organic collagen fibers. Synthetic bone repair scaffolds that mimic the chemical composition of the native ECM and capable of delivering therapeutics are beneficial. In this study, we prepared intrinsically fluorescent organic-inorganic hybrid microparticle biomaterials by sol-gel process. Unlike the conventional Stöber process which requires an alkaline condition for microparticle formation, an acidic condition in the presence of a biodegradable poly(ester amide) (PEA) polymer was used to prepare silica and tertiary bioactive glass hybrids. During their preparation, one or two model drugs were loaded in the microparticles. Our results showed that a gelation temperature between 40 °C-60 °C and the inclusion of PEA were critical for microparticle formation. Unexpectedly, the hybrid microparticles were fluorescent with tunable emission by changing the excitation wavelengths ranging from 300 to 565 nm for potential multiplex imaging. Gene expression studies showed that the hybrid materials induce osteogenic differentiation of 10T1/2 cells without adding exogenous biochemical factors. The bioactivity of the inorganic phase and the dual drug release from homogenous, biodegradable, biocompatible, osteoinductive, and intrinsically fluorescent microparticles may offer a unique platform for bone regeneration and therapy.


Assuntos
Preparações Farmacêuticas , Tecidos Suporte , Amidas , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Regeneração Óssea , Ésteres , Osteogênese
3.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112298, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474849

RESUMO

Guided Bone Regeneration (GBR) is a widely used process for the treatment of periodontal defects to prevent the formation of surrounding soft tissue at the periodontal defect and to provide hard tissue regeneration. Recently GBR designs have focused on the development of resorbable natural polymer-based barrier membranes due to their biodegradability and excellent biocompatibility. The aim of this study is to fabricate a novel bilayer nanocomposite membrane with microporous sublayer composed of chitosan and Si doped nanohydroxyapatite particles (Si-nHap) and chitosan/PEO nanofiber upper layer. Bilayer membrane was designed to prevent epithelial and fibroblastic cell migration and growth impeding bone formation with its upper layer and to support osteogenic cell bioactivity at the defect site with its sublayer. Microporous and nanofiber layers were fabricated by using freeze-drying and electrospinning techniques respectively. The effect of Si-nHap content on the morphological, mechanical and physical properties of the composites were investigated using SEM, AFM, micro-Ct, compression test, water uptake capacity and enzymatic degradation study. Antimicrobial properties of nanocomposite membranes were investigated with tube dilution and disk diffusion methods. In vitro cytotoxicity of bilayer membranes was evaluated. Saos-2 and NIH/3T3 proliferation studies were carried out on each layer. In vitro bioactivity of Saos-2 and NIH/3T3 cells were evaluated with ALP activity and hydroxyproline content respectively. Results showed that Si-nHap incorporation enhanced the mechanical and physical properties as well as controlling biodegradability of the polymer matrix. Besides, Si-nHap loading induced the bioactivity of Saos-2 cells by enhancing cell attachment, spreading and biomineralization on the material surface. Thus, results supported that designed bilayer nanocomposite membranes can be used as a potential biomaterial for guided bone regeneration in periodontal applications.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Nanocompostos , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Regeneração Óssea , Durapatita , Membranas Artificiais , Camundongos
4.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443588

RESUMO

It is common knowledge that pure alginate hydrogel is more likely to have weak mechanical strength, a lack of cell recognition sites, extensive swelling and uncontrolled degradation, and thus be unable to satisfy the demands of the ideal scaffold. To address these problems, we attempted to fabricate alginate/bacterial cellulose nanocrystals-chitosan-gelatin (Alg/BCNs-CS-GT) composite scaffolds using the combined method involving the incorporation of BCNs in the alginate matrix, internal gelation through the hydroxyapatite-d-glucono-δ-lactone (HAP-GDL) complex, and layer-by-layer (LBL) electrostatic assembly of polyelectrolytes. Meanwhile, the effect of various contents of BCNs on the scaffold morphology, porosity, mechanical properties, and swelling and degradation behavior was investigated. The experimental results showed that the fabricated Alg/BCNs-CS-GT composite scaffolds exhibited regular 3D morphologies and well-developed pore structures. With the increase in BCNs content, the pore size of Alg/BCNs-CS-GT composite scaffolds was gradually reduced from 200 µm to 70 µm. Furthermore, BCNs were fully embedded in the alginate matrix through the intermolecular hydrogen bond with alginate. Moreover, the addition of BCNs could effectively control the swelling and biodegradation of the Alg/BCNs-CS-GT composite scaffolds. Furthermore, the in vitro cytotoxicity studies indicated that the porous fiber network of BCNs could fully mimic the extracellular matrix structure, which promoted the adhesion and spreading of MG63 cells and MC3T3-E1 cells on the Alg/BCNs-CS-GT composite scaffolds. In addition, these cells could grow in the 3D-porous structure of composite scaffolds, which exhibited good proliferative viability. Based on the effect of BCNs on the cytocompatibility of composite scaffolds, the optimum BCNs content for the Alg/BCNs-CS-GT composite scaffolds was 0.2% (w/v). On the basis of good merits, such as regular 3D morphology, well-developed pore structure, controlled swelling and biodegradation behavior, and good cytocompatibility, the Alg/BCNs-CS-GT composite scaffolds may exhibit great potential as the ideal scaffold in the bone tissue engineering field.


Assuntos
Alginatos/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Celulose/química , Quitosana/química , Gelatina/química , Nanocompostos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Células 3T3 , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Porosidade
5.
Acta Biomater ; 131: 97-116, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242810

RESUMO

Cell-based medicine has made great advances in clinical diagnosis and therapy for various refractory diseases, inducing a growing demand for cell preservation as support technology. However, the bottleneck problems in cell preservation include low efficiency and poor biocompatibility of traditional protectants. In this review, cell preservation technologies are categorized according to storage conditions: hypothermic preservation at 1 °C~35 °C to maintain short-term cell viability that is useful in cell diagnosis and transport, while cryopreservation at -196 °C~-80 °C to maintain long-term cell viability that provides opportunities for therapeutic cell product storage. Firstly, the background and developmental history of the protectants used in the two preservation technologies are briefly introduced. Secondly, the progress in different cellular protection mechanisms for advanced biomaterials are discussed in two preservation technologies. In hypothermic preservation, the hypothermia-induced and extracellular matrix-loss injuries to cells are comprehensively summarized, as well as the recent biomaterials dependent on regulation of cellular ATP level, stabilization of cellular membrane, balance of antioxidant defense system, and supply of mimetic ECM to prolong cell longevity are provided. In cryopreservation, cellular injuries and advanced biomaterials that can protect cells from osmotic or ice injury, and alleviate oxidative stress to allow cell survival are concluded. Last, an insight into the perspectives and challenges of this technology is provided. We envision advanced biocompatible materials for highly efficient cell preservation as critical in future developments and trends to support cell-based medicine. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Cell preservation technologies present a critical role in cell-based applications, and more efficient biocompatible protectants are highly required. This review categorizes cell preservation technologies into hypothermic preservation and cryopreservation according to their storage conditions, and comprehensively reviews the recently advanced biomaterials related. The background, development, and cellular protective mechanisms of these two preservation technologies are respectively introduced and summarized. Moreover, the differences, connections, individual demands of these two technologies are also provided and discussed.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Hipotermia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular , Criopreservação , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo
6.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 7(8): 3821-3834, 2021 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297535

RESUMO

The treatment and repair of serious peripheral nerve injuries remain challenging in the clinical practice, while the application of multifunctional nerve guidance conduits (NGCs) based on naturally derived polymers has attracted much attention in recent years because of their excellent physicochemical properties and biological characteristics. Flammulina velutipes (Curt. ex FV) is a popular edible mushroom characterized by hollow tubular structures, antibacterial activities, and high nutritional properties. In this study, FV is utilized to construct NGCs (labeled FVC) via a freeze-drying technique without chemical modifications. The morphology, physical properties, cellular biocompatibility, antibacterial properties, and nerve regeneration capacity of FVC were assessed both in vitro and in vivo. FVC is composed of hollow tubes and evenly irregular interconnected micropores with 73.8 ± 5.5% porosity and 476.1 ± 12.9 µm hollow tube diameter. The inner surface of the FVC presents multiple microgrooves elongated parallel to the long axis. Moreover, FVC possessed strong antibacterial activity and could inhibit Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus growth by up to 96.0% and Gram-negative Escherichia coli growth by up to 94.8% in vitro. FVC exhibited excellent biocompatibility and effectively promoted PC-12 cell proliferation and elongation in vitro. When applied to repair critical-sized sciatic nerve defects, FVC could effectively stimulate nerve functional recovery and axonal outgrowth in a rat model. Interestingly, Western blot analysis indicated that growth-associated protein 43 (GAP-43) had increased expression levels in the FVC group compared with the autograft group. This result suggested that by activating the Janus activated kinase2 (JAK2)/Phosphorylation ofsignal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) signaling pathway, FVC upregulated Phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (P-STAT3) in vivo, resulting in the secretion of GAP-43. Collectively, a natural NGC FVC was fabricated based on FV without chemical modifications. The morphology, physical properties, cellular biocompatibility, antibacterial properties, and nerve regeneration capacity of FVC provide new insights for its further optimization and application in the field of nerve tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Flammulina , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Regeneração Nervosa , Ratos , Nervo Isquiático
7.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 221: 112257, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34271410

RESUMO

Organic semiconductor small molecules IHIC and ITIC have been developed as solar cell materials, and because of their strong near-infrared absorption capabilities, they are promising for cancer phototherapy. This article reports the application of semiconductor small molecule IHIC/ITIC liposomes in photothermal therapy and photoacoustic imaging of tumors firstly. Experiments show that the liposome-loaded IHIC/ITIC material has good biocompatibility and can be effectively enriched in tumor sites. After being irradiated with laser, it can emit strong photoacoustic signals, and has achieved good results in the photothermal treatment of breast cancer mice. We believe that organic semiconductor small molecule IHIC/ITIC will become a promising photothermal agent with wonderful development possibilities.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Semicondutores , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/metabolismo , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Endocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Endocitose/efeitos da radiação , Células HeLa , Humanos , Lasers , Lipossomos/química , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Microscopia Confocal , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/patologia , Tamanho da Partícula , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/metabolismo , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Terapia Fototérmica , Transplante Heterólogo
8.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 206: 111938, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198233

RESUMO

This study developed a novel bioactive bone substitute (hydroxyapatite, HA) with improved anti-biofilm activity by functionalizing with curcumin (anti-biofilm compound) which provide sufficient flux of curcumin concentration for 14 days. The released curcumin acts to inhibit biofilm formation and control the number of viable planktonic cells simultaneously. To prepare curcumin-functionalized HA, different concentrations of curcumin (up to 3% w/v) were added simultaneously during the precipitation process of HA. The highest loading (50 mg/g HA) of curcumin onto HA was achieved with 2% w/v of curcumin. Physicochemical characterizations of curcumin-functionalized HA composites revealed that curcumin was successfully incorporated onto HA. Curcumin was sustainably released over 14 days, while higher curcumin release was observed in acidic condition (pH 4.4) compared to physiological (pH 7.4). The cytotoxicity assays revealed that no significant difference on bone cells growth on curcumin-functionalized HA and non-functionalized HA. Curcumin-functionalized HA was effective to inhibit bacterial cell attachment and subsequent biofilm maturation stages. The anti-biofilm effect was stronger against Staphylococcus aureus compared to Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The curcumin-functionalized HA composite significantly delayed the maturation of S. aureus compared to non-functionalized HA in which microcolonies of cells only begin to appear at 96 h. Up to 3.0 log reduction in colony forming unit (CFU)/mL of planktonic cells was noted at 24 h of incubation for both microorganisms. Thus, in this study we have suggested that curcumin loaded HA could be an alternative antimicrobial agent to control the risk of infections in post-surgical implants.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Staphylococcus aureus , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Biofilmes , Curcumina/farmacologia , Durapatita , Pseudomonas aeruginosa
9.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 222: 112274, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330082

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has gained much attention in tumor therapy because of its special advantages. PDT heavily depends on the oxygen, yet the tumor microenvironment (TME) is a hypoxic and acid milieu, which weakens the PDT effect. Based on the consideration that the TME deteriorated by the PDT oxygen consumption could activate the hypoxic-sensitive small-molecule drug, we designed and prepared an integrated nanocomposite including zirconium ion metal organic framework (carrier), pyropheophorbide-a (PPa, photosensitizer), and 6-amino flavone (AF, hypoxic-sensitive drug), aiming to exert a cascaded PDT-chemotherapy (CT) antitumor effect and to solve the hypoxic challenge. The prepared nanocomposite showed great stability under the physiological (pH 7.4) condition and could continuously release PPa and AF under slightly acidic pH condition (pH 6.4), suggesting a tumor microenvironment responsive feature. Systematical in vitro and in vivo researches under various conditions (light, dark, hypoxic and normoxic) have showed that the obtained Zr-MOF@PPa/AF@PEG nanoparticles (NPs) had good biocompatibility and could achieve efficient antitumor effects based on PDT- chemotherapy (CT) cascade process. Finally, bright red fluorescence was observed in the tumor cells after internalization implying an application potential in tumor imaging.


Assuntos
Clorofila/análogos & derivados , Flavonoides/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Nanocompostos/química , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Nanomedicina Teranóstica , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Clorofila/química , Clorofila/metabolismo , Clorofila/uso terapêutico , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Feminino , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Nanocompostos/uso terapêutico , Nanocompostos/toxicidade , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Oxigênio Singlete/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral , Zircônio/química
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34209789

RESUMO

Near-physiological in vitro thrombogenicity test systems for the evaluation of blood-contacting endothelialized biomaterials requires co-cultivation with platelets (PLT). However, the addition of PLT has led to unphysiological endothelial cell (EC) detachment in such in vitro systems. A possible cause for this phenomenon may be PLT activation triggered by the applied endothelial cell medium, which typically consists of basal medium (BM) and nine different supplements. To verify this hypothesis, the influence of BM and its supplements was systematically analyzed regarding PLT responses. For this, human platelet rich plasma (PRP) was mixed with BM, BM containing one of nine supplements, or with BM containing all supplements together. PLT adherence analysis was carried out in six-channel slides with plasma-treated cyclic olefin copolymer (COC) and poly(tetrafluoro ethylene) (PTFE, as a positive control) substrates as part of the six-channel slides in the absence of EC and under static conditions. PLT activation and aggregation were analyzed using light transmission aggregometry and flow cytometry (CD62P). Medium supplements had no effect on PLT activation and aggregation. In contrast, supplements differentially affected PLT adherence, however, in a polymer- and donor-dependent manner. Thus, the use of standard endothelial growth medium (BM + all supplements) maintains functionality of PLT under EC compatible conditions without masking the differences of PLT adherence on different polymeric substrates. These findings are important prerequisites for the establishment of a near-physiological in vitro thrombogenicity test system assessing polymer-based cardiovascular implant materials in contact with EC and PLT.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Plaquetas/fisiologia , Meios de Cultura/farmacologia , Adulto , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Plaquetas/citologia , Meios de Cultura/química , Endotélio/citologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ativação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesividade Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Polímeros/farmacologia , Tecidos Suporte/química
11.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 127: 112204, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225856

RESUMO

Alginate fibrous materials have been applied as wound dressing to enhance wound healing due to its nontoxic, biodegradable, and hemostatic nature. Conventional nonwoven fabrication tactics, however, showed weakness in inflammation, degradation stability and mechanical properties. Herein, the wet-spun alginate fibers were prepared by a novel wheel spinning technique, then knitted into wound dressing. Benefiting from optimized wet spinning parameters and the agglomeration of alginate multimers, the fibers were endowed with elevated mechanical performances and biodegradability, which allowed for the feasibility of knitting wound-care materials. Using the new wheel spinning technique, high strength alginate fibers with 173 MPa were produced with breaking strain up to 18% and toughness of 16.16 MJ*m-3. Meanwhile, alginate fibers with high breaking strain reaching 35% were produced with tensile strength of 135 MPa and toughness of 37.47 MJ*m-3. The overall mechanical performances of these alginate fibers with high breaking strain are significantly higher (up to 2 times) than those published in the literature in term of toughness. In vitro degradation evaluation revealed that this wet spun fibrous dressing had good aqueous absorbency (50%) and sustained biodegradation properties. Furthermore, the consequent cell viability study also proved that this alginate knitted fabric is biocompatible for being applied as wound dressing.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Bandagens , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Hidrogéis , Cicatrização
12.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 127: 112251, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225890

RESUMO

A variety of novel biomaterials are emerging as alternatives to conventional metals and alloys, for use in spinal implants. These promise potential advantages with respect to e.g. elastic modulus compatibility with the host bone, improved radiological imaging or enhanced cellular response to facilitate osseointegration. However, to date there is scarce comparative data on the biological response to many of these biomaterials that would give insights into the relative level of bone formation, resorption inhibition and inflammation. Thus, in this study, we aimed to evaluate and compare the in vitro biological response to standard discs of four alternative biomaterials: polyether ether ketone (PEEK), zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA), silicon nitride (SN) and surface-textured silicon nitride (ST-SN), and the reference titanium alloy Ti6Al4V (TI). Material-specific characteristics of these biomaterials were evaluated, such as surface roughness, wettability, protein adsorption (BSA) and apatite forming capacity in simulated body fluid. The activity of pre-osteoblasts seeded on the discs was characterized, by measuring viability, proliferation, attachment and morphology. Then, the osteogenic differentiation of pre-osteoblasts was compared in vitro from early to late stage by Alizarin Red S staining and real-time PCR analysis. Finally, osteoclast activity and inflammatory response were assessed by real-time PCR analysis. Compared to TI, all other materials generally demonstrated a lower osteoclastic activity and inflammatory response. ZTA and SN showed generally an enhanced osteogenic differentiation and actin length. Overall, we could show that SN and ST-SN showed a higher osteogenic effect than the other reference groups, an inhibitive effect against bone resorption and low inflammation, and the results indicate that silicon nitride has a promising potential to be developed further for spinal implants that require enhanced osseointegration.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Osteogênese , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Teste de Materiais , Osseointegração , Osteoblastos , Próteses e Implantes , Propriedades de Superfície , Titânio
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299324

RESUMO

Despite the obvious benefits of using ureteral stents to drain the ureters, there is also a risk of complications from 80-90%. The presence of a foreign body in the human body causes disturbances in its proper functioning. It can lead to biofilm formation on the stent surface, which may favor the development of urinary tract infections or the formation of encrustation, as well as stent fragmentation, complicating its subsequent removal. In this work, the effect of the polymeric coating containing the active substance-papaverine hydrochloride on the functional properties of ureteral stents significant for clinical practice were assessed. Methods: The most commonly clinically used polyurethane ureteral Double-J stent was selected for the study. Using the dip-coating method, the surface of the stent was coated with a poly(D,L-lactide-glycolide) (PLGA) coating containing the papaverine hydrochloride (PAP). In particular, strength properties, retention strength of the stent ends, dynamic frictional force, and the fluoroscopic visibility of the stent during X-ray imaging were determined. Results: The analysis of the test results indicates the usefulness of a biodegradable polymer coating containing the active substance for the modification of the surface of polyurethane ureteral stents. The stents coated with PLGA+PAP coating compared to polyurethane stents are characterized by more favorable strength properties, the smaller value of the dynamic frictional force, without reducing the fluoroscopic visibility.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos , Papaverina/farmacologia , Copolímero de Ácido Poliláctico e Ácido Poliglicólico/farmacologia , Obstrução Ureteral/terapia , Implantes Absorvíveis , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Humanos , Papaverina/metabolismo , Poliuretanos/química , Obstrução Ureteral/metabolismo , Obstrução Ureteral/cirurgia
14.
Chem Biol Interact ; 346: 109579, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274335

RESUMO

Lanthanide ions (Ln3+) doped hydroxyapatite (HAP) particles are well established in biomedical areas. Although Ln elements are closely located in the periodic table and have plenty of similar characteristics, the minor differences in the effective ionic radii could cause alterations in the physicochemical and biological properties of HAP substitutes. The present study synthesized lanthanum-(La-) and gadolinium-(Gd-) doped HAP particles (La-HAP and Gd-HAP). And the effects of two types of particles on bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) viability were also measured and compared in vitro. The results indicated that the Gd-HAP adsorbed more serum proteins from culture media and inhibited the new layer of apatite formation on its surface when comparing to La-HAP with a similar crystalline structure, particle size, and Zeta potential. These surface modifications can significantly reduce the cell adhesion of Gd-HAP, simultaneously decreasing the Gd-HAP particle uptake efficiency. Moreover, the cell viability of Gd-HAP remained higher than that of La-HAP in culture periods. We concluded that a slight variation in the effective ionic radii between Gd3+ and La3+ could alter the adsorption of serum proteins on the particles' surface, modulating subsequent cellular responses. The present work provides an interesting view that Gd-HAP is endowed with better cellular biocompatibility than La-HAP.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Durapatita/química , Gadolínio/química , Lantânio/química , Adsorção , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Proteínas Sanguíneas/química , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Ratos
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34202899

RESUMO

The biomechanical parameters of muscle soleus contraction in rats and their blood biochemical indicators after the intramuscular administration of water-soluble C60 fullerene at doses of 0.5, 1, and 2 mg/kg 1 h before the onset of muscle ischemia were investigated. In particular, changes in the contraction force of the ischemic muscle soleus, the integrated power of the muscle, the time to achieve the maximum force response, the dynamics of fatigue processes, and the parameters of the transition from dentate to smooth tetanus, levels of creatinine, creatine kinase, lactate and lactate dehydrogenase, and parameters of prooxidant-antioxidant balance (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, hydrogen peroxide, and reduced glutathione and catalase) were analyzed. The positive therapeutic changes in the studied biomechanical and biochemical markers were revealed, which indicate the possibility of using water-soluble C60 fullerenes as effective prophylactic nanoagents to reduce the severity of pathological conditions of the muscular system caused by ischemic damage to skeletal muscles.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Fulerenos/química , Músculo Esquelético/irrigação sanguínea , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Nanopartículas/química , Substâncias Protetoras/química , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Fenômenos Químicos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Contração Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Ratos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/etiologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200185

RESUMO

Segmented polyurethane ionomers find prominent applications in the biomedical field since they can combine the good mechanical and biostability properties of polyurethanes (PUs) with the strong hydrophilicity features of ionomers. In this work, PU ionomers were prepared from a carboxylated diol, poly(tetrahydrofuran) (soft phase) and a small library of diisocyanates (hard phase), either aliphatic or aromatic. The synthesized PUs were characterized to investigate the effect of ionic groups and the nature of diisocyanate upon the structure-property relationship. Results showed how the polymer hard/soft phase segregation was affected by both the concentration of ionic groups and the type of diisocyanate. Specifically, PUs obtained with aliphatic diisocyanates possessed a hard/soft phase segregation stronger than PUs with aromatic diisocyanates, as well as greater bulk and surface hydrophilicity. In contrast, a higher content of ionic groups per polymer repeat unit promoted phase mixing. The neutralization of polymer ionic groups with silver or zinc further increased the hard/soft phase segregation and provided polymers with antimicrobial properties. In particular, the Zinc/PU hybrid systems possessed activity only against the Gram-positive Staphylococcus epidermidis while Silver/PU systems were active also against the Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The herein-obtained polyurethanes could find promising applications as antimicrobial coatings for different kinds of surfaces including medical devices, fabric for wound dressings and other textiles.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Transição de Fase , Poliuretanos/farmacologia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Prata/química , Staphylococcus epidermidis/efeitos dos fármacos , Zinco/química , Teste de Materiais , Resistência à Tração
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299372

RESUMO

Many biomaterials have been evaluated using cultured cells. In particular, osteoblast-like cells are often used to evaluate the osteocompatibility, hard-tissue-regeneration, osteoconductive, and osteoinductive characteristics of biomaterials. However, the evaluation of biomaterial osteogenesis-inducing capacity using osteoblast-like cells is not standardized; instead, it is performed under laboratory-specific culture conditions with different culture media. However, the effect of different media conditions on bone formation has not been investigated. Here, we aimed to evaluate the osteogenesis of MC3T3-E1 cells, one of the most commonly used osteoblast-like cell lines for osteogenesis evaluation, and assayed cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase activity, expression of osteoblast markers, and calcification under varying culture media conditions. Furthermore, the various media conditions were tested in uncoated plates and plates coated with collagen type I and poly-L-lysine, highly biocompatible molecules commonly used as pseudobiomaterials. We found that the type of base medium, the presence or absence of vitamin C, and the freshness of the medium may affect biomaterial regeneration. We posit that an in vitro model that recapitulates in vivo bone formation should be established before evaluating biomaterials.


Assuntos
Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/farmacologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Células 3T3 , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Animais , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Camundongos , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoblastos/metabolismo
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199262

RESUMO

As the number of manned space flights increase, studies on the effects of microgravity on the human body are becoming more important. Due to the high expense and complexity of sending samples into space, simulated microgravity platforms have become a popular way to study these effects on earth. In addition, simulated microgravity has recently drawn the attention of regenerative medicine by increasing cell differentiation capability. These platforms come with many advantages as well as limitations. A main limitation for usage of these platforms is the lack of high-throughput capability due to the use of large cell culture vessels. Therefore, there is a requirement for microvessels for microgravity platforms that limit waste and increase throughput. In this work, a microvessel for commercial cell culture plates was designed. Four 3D printable (polycarbonate (PC), polylactic acid (PLA) and resin) and castable (polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)) materials were assessed for biocompatibility with adherent and suspension cell types. PDMS was found to be the most suitable material for microvessel fabrication, long-term cell viability and proliferation. It also allows for efficient gas exchange, has no effect on cell culture media pH and does not induce hypoxic conditions. Overall, the designed microvessel can be used on simulated microgravity platforms as a method for long-term high-throughput biomedical studies.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Microvasos/fisiologia , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Simulação de Ausência de Peso , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Células Jurkat , Teste de Materiais , Microvasos/efeitos dos fármacos , Células THP-1
19.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 205: 111919, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34126550

RESUMO

Three-dimensional bio-plotted scaffolds constructed from encapsulated biomaterials or so-called "bio-inks" have received much attention for tissue regeneration applications, as advances in this technology have enabled more precise control over the scaffold structure. As a base material of bio-ink, sodium alginate (SA) has been used extensively because it provides suitable biocompatibility and printability in terms of creating a biomimetic environment for cell growth, even though it has limited cell-binding moiety and relatively weak mechanical properties. To improve the mechanical and biological properties of SA, herein, we introduce a strategy using hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticles and a core/sheath plotting (CSP) process. By characterizing the rheological and chemical properties and printability of SA and SA/HA-blended inks, we successfully fabricated bio-scaffolds using CSP. In particular, the mechanical properties of the scaffold were enhanced with increasing concentrations of HA particles and SA hydrogel. Specifically, HA particles blended with the SA hydrogel of core strands enhanced the biological properties of the scaffold by supporting the sheath part of the strand encapsulating osteoblast-like cells. Based on these results, the proposed scaffold design shows great promise for bone-tissue regeneration and engineering applications.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Hidrogéis , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Durapatita , Tinta , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte
20.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3961, 2021 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34172721

RESUMO

Current materials used in biomedical devices do not match tissue's mechanical properties and leach various chemicals into the body. These deficiencies pose significant health risks that are further exacerbated by invasive implantation procedures. Herein, we leverage the brush-like polymer architecture to design and administer minimally invasive injectable elastomers that cure in vivo into leachable-free implants with mechanical properties matching the surrounding tissue. This strategy allows tuning curing time from minutes to hours, which empowers a broad range of biomedical applications from rapid wound sealing to time-intensive reconstructive surgery. These injectable elastomers support in vitro cell proliferation, while also demonstrating in vivo implant integrity with a mild inflammatory response and minimal fibrotic encapsulation.


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos/administração & dosagem , Elastômeros/administração & dosagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/administração & dosagem , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Elastômeros/química , Elastômeros/farmacologia , Géis , Injeções , Camundongos , Polímeros/administração & dosagem , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/farmacologia , Ratos , Fatores de Tempo
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