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1.
Odontology ; 109(1): 174-183, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32734501

RESUMO

Evaluate the cytocompatibility of Calen®/ZO, Calcicur®, Vitapex®, Endoflas®, and zinc oxide/eugenol-based (ZOE) root canal pastes (RCP) to human primary osteoblasts (HPO) through a simplified model for primary teeth. The model employed pipette tips filled with 0.037 g of paste, exposed to 185 µL of culture medium for 24 h (n = 6). Release of components was analysed by Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (1H-NMR). HPO were exposed to conditioned media for 24 h. Cell viability was assessed by cell density and metabolic activity, and release of interleukin 6 (IL-6), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) by immunological assay. Physicochemical properties and antimicrobial efficacy were also evaluated. 1H-NMR spectra analysis showed similarity between ZOE, Endoflas®, Calcicur®, and Vitapex® compared to Calen®/ZO and positive control, which showed distinct released components. Calen®/ZO and Calcicur® exhibited high alkaline pH in all periods and showed similar solubility. Calen®/ZO, ZOE, and Vitapex® showed similar flow rate. Calen®/ZO, Calcicur®, and Vitapex® did not exhibit antimicrobial efficacy. Calen®/ZO presented cytotoxicity (p < 0.05). Pastes did not increase IL-6 release compared to control. Apart from Vitapex®, all pastes significantly induced VEGF/bFGF release. Interactive effects among released products may affect biological response to filling pastes. Calcicur®, ZOE, Endoflas® and Calen®/ZO presented good to moderate cytocompatibility, with low impact on pro-inflammatory cytokine release and induction of growth factors of interest to tissue repair. This simplified model, specific for the evaluation of the cytocompatibility of RCPs on primary teeth, suggests how these pastes might contribute to bone repair in clinical situations of apical periodontitis in children.


Assuntos
Periodontite Periapical , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Hidróxido de Cálcio , Criança , Humanos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Dente Decíduo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Cimento de Óxido de Zinco e Eugenol/farmacologia
2.
Odontology ; 109(1): 149-156, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32623538

RESUMO

To compare the dislodgement resistance and the adhesive pattern of four different endodontic sealers to root dentine walls. Ninety lower premolars were assigned to five groups (n = 18), Group 1: no sealer (control); Group 2: EndoRez (ERZ); Group 3: Sealapex (SPX); Group 4: EndoSeal MTA (ESA) and Group 5: BioRoot RCS (BRS). They were instrumented up to size 30 taper 0.06 and obturated using single cone technique with matched-taper gutta-percha cones and one of the mentioned sealers. Six teeth from each group were then randomly subjected to 100, 1000 and 10,000 thermocycles, respectively. 1 mm slice of mid root region, measuring 6 mm from the apical foramen was prepared and subjected to push-out test under a Universal Testing Machine. Adhesive patterns of sealers were assessed using a stereomicroscope at 20 × magnification and classified using a new system. Statistical analyses were performed using two-way ANOVA, complemented by Tukey HSD and Chi-square tests. ESA and BRS showed significantly higher (p < 0.05) push-out bond strength, followed by SPX, ERZ and lastly the control, but no significant difference was noted between ESA and BRS (p > 0.05) at 100, 1000 and 10,000 thermocycles, respectively. Both ESA and BRS exhibited a significant higher rate (p < 0.05) of Type 3 and Type 4 adhesive patterns as the thermocycles increased. ESA and BRS demonstrated higher bond strength and better adhesive pattern to root dentine wall than SPX and ERZ, especially after artificial ageing.


Assuntos
Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Resinas Epóxi , Guta-Percha
3.
Quintessence Int ; 52(1): 8-19, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901240

RESUMO

Objectives: The aim of this study was to carry out a morphometric analysis of small oval root canals filled with GuttaFlow 2 sealer (Coltène/Whaledent) using different methods of sealer placement and different root canal filling techniques.
Method and materials: Eighty extracted mandibular incisors with small oval root canals were instrumented with the Self-Adjusting File (Redent Nova). GuttaFlow 2 was placed using a lentulo spiral, paper point, master point, or sonically activated CanalBrush (Coltène/Whaledent), followed by the placement of a master point and accessory points (M?P+) (part 1). GuttaFlow 2 was placed using a lentulo spiral without a gutta-percha point, together with a single point, with a chloroform-dipped master point, or the latter with accessory points (ChMP+) (part 2). Serial cuts were made at 1-mm intervals up to 10 mm. The percentages of gutta-percha filled area (PGFA), sealer, voids, and debris were evaluated using interactive image analysis software.
Results: For part 1 of the study (sealer placement), significant differences regarding PGFA at 2 and 5 mm from the apex were found, whereas for part 2 (filling technique), significant differences were found at all levels besides 2 and 4 mm (Kruskal-Wallis test, P = .05). ChMP+ reached 85% PGFA at 3 mm from the apex, but only 30% near the apex. The MP+ groups showed a relatively equal distribution of PGFA by 60% to 80% at different levels. GuttaFlow 2 without a gutta-percha point exhibited significantly more voids and debris than the other groups (Kruskal-Wallis test, P = .05).
Conclusion: Within the limits of this study, MP+ could be recommended for clinical use. The presence of voids and debris for the group without a gutta-percha point needs further investigation.

.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Guta-Percha , Humanos , Incisivo , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Preparo de Canal Radicular
4.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(1): 311-317, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32483680

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical and radiographic outcome of root-end microsurgery using a premixed fast-set calcium silicate putty as root-end filling material in human teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 50 teeth in 35 patients, whose ages ranged from 16 to 69 years. After clinical and radiographic examination, informed consent was obtained and one resident performed all surgical procedures using an endodontic microsurgical approach. A tricalcium silicate-based putty (TotalFil FS putty, FKG Dentair, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland) was used as a root-end filling material. Patients were recalled and treated teeth were examined clinically and radiographically at 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year postoperatively. The outcome was determined based on clinical and radiographic results. Radiographic healing was classified into 4 categories: complete, incomplete, uncertain, and unsatisfactory. Analysis of predictors was performed using the Pearson chi-square or Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: At the time of surgery, 3 teeth were diagnosed with cracks and were excluded from the study. The recall rates were 85% at 3 months, 100% at 6 months, and 95% at 1 year. One tooth failed at 3 months, 3 failed at 1 year, with a success rate of 93%. None of the predictors investigated had a significant influence on the outcome of microsurgery. CONCLUSIONS: Premixed fast-set tricalcium silicate putty is a suitable root-end filling material for use in endodontic microsurgery. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Tricalcium silicate-based cements have shown promising biological properties as a root-end-filling material. Premixed and fast-set formulations achieved high success rates in clinical studies. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov registration number NCT03733938.


Assuntos
Microcirurgia , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Compostos de Alumínio , Compostos de Cálcio , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Óxidos , Estudos Prospectivos , Silicatos , Suíça , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Endod ; 47(1): 11-18, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950557

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this retrospective, cohort case series was 2-fold: (1) to evaluate the outcomes of teeth with necrotic pulps and apical periodontitis using long-term calcium hydroxide (Ca[OH]2) (healing was assessed via the periapical index [PAI] system) and (2) to explore the possible association of fractures in relation to long term Ca(OH)2 exposure. METHODS: A total of 242 cases, diagnosed with pulpal necrosis and apical periodontitis, were treated with long-term Ca(OH)2 using a standardized protocol. Injectable and powdered Ca(OH)2 were placed sequentially in the root canal system. All cases were re-evaluated within a 3-month period until radiographic healing was observed. Clinical and radiographic evaluations were performed annually. Pre- and postoperative periapical radiographs were evaluated using the PAI system. RESULTS: Of the 242 cases, 219 participants completed their treatment with annual follow-up. The average Ca(OH)2 time was 5.4 months with a range of 1-12 months. Overall, by the latest follow-up visit, 90.0% (197/219) were classified as "healed." The overall mean preoperative and postoperative PAI scores were 4.07 (±0.80) and 1.76 (±0.70), respectively. Kappa statistics showed an almost perfect agreement for inter-rater (κ = 0.91) and intrarater (κ = 0.95) reproducibility for both examiners. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this study, the use of long-term Ca(OH)2 in the treatment of teeth with necrotic pulps and apical periodontitis resulted in a predictable high outcome. There was no association observed between long-term Ca(OH)2 use and the incidence of fractures during this study. Ca(OH)2 is a suitable material of choice as an interappointment dressing for teeth diagnosed with pulpal necrosis and apical periodontitis.


Assuntos
Periodontite Periapical , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Hidróxido de Cálcio/efeitos adversos , Seguimentos , Humanos , Periodontite Periapical/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/efeitos adversos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
J Endod ; 47(1): 146-155, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065177

RESUMO

The aim of this case report was to present a reparative treatment approach of an extensive internal inflammatory resorption with a lateral perforation and apical and lateral inflammatory lesions. Only the necrotic coronal part of the pulp was removed, and the vital pulp tissue within the resorption cavity and the apical part of the root canal was left uninstrumented. Bleeding was induced, and the blood clot was covered with mineral trioxide aggregate. Hard tissue repair and healing of the apical lesion could be observed in the 3-year recall.


Assuntos
Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Reabsorção da Raiz , Compostos de Alumínio/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Óxidos/uso terapêutico , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Reabsorção da Raiz/diagnóstico por imagem , Reabsorção da Raiz/terapia , Silicatos/uso terapêutico
7.
Int Endod J ; 54(1): 100-111, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880986

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the biological properties of experimental sealers based on tricalcium silicate and dicalcium silicate, manipulated with polyethylene glycol (CE-1) and with the addition of calcium hypochlorite (CE-2) compared to AH Plus (AHP) and TotalFill BC Sealer (TBC). METHODOLOGY: The tissue reaction caused by the materials in the subcutaneous tissue of rats was evaluated after implantation of polyethylene tubes filled with the materials at 7, 15, 30 and 60 days. Sections were stained with haematoxylin and eosin (HE) for morphological analysis and to evaluated number of inflammatory cells/mm2 (ICs). Sections were used for immunohistochemical detection of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and osteocalcin (OC). The von Kossa method was used to identify calcium precipitation in the capsules. The data were submitted to anova and Tukey's tests, with 5% significance level. RESULTS: At 7 days, CE-1, CE-2 and AHP had higher numbers of ICs. AHP presented higher immunolabelling for IL-6. After 15 days, regarding IL-6, there was no difference between CE-2 and the control group. At 30 days, AHP exhibited the highest number of IC (P < 0.05) and CE-2 and the control group presented the lowest ICs and IL-6-positive cells. After 60 days, all materials exhibited decreases in ICs. CE-2, TBC and the control had the lowest values (P < 0.05). No significant difference was detected between CE-1 and TBC, and between CE-2 and control considering the immunoexpression of IL-6. In this period, AHP had the greatest number of IC and IL-6 (P < 0.05). In all periods, CE-1, CE-2 and TBC sealers had von Kossa-positive structures and OC-immunolabelled cells. CE-2 had higher number of OC-positive cells than the CE-1 and TBC sealers (P < 0.05), in all periods. OC immunolabelling was not observed in the capsules of AH Plus and the control groups. CONCLUSIONS: The experimental sealer and its association with calcium hypochlorite, in addition to TotalFill BC Sealer, were biocompatible and had bioactive potential.


Assuntos
Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Animais , Compostos de Cálcio , Resinas Epóxi , Teste de Materiais , Ratos , Silicatos
8.
Int Endod J ; 54(1): 74-84, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894604

RESUMO

AIM: To identify dominant microorganisms in root filled teeth with apical periodontitis by Pan-PCRs in comparison with a culture-dependent approach, focusing on fungal species profiling. METHODOLOGY: The root filling material (gutta-percha) removed from 42 teeth with periapical radiolucencies undergoing root canal retreatments was analysed by molecular genetics techniques. Real-Time Pan-PCRs were conducted for the diagnosis of predominant bacteria (targeting 16S rDNA) and fungi (targeting ITS1-2 region). Identification of microorganisms was performed by Sanger sequencing of the PCR products and BLAST analysis. Additionally, subgingival plaque samples were collected and cultured to review the composition of the microbial flora. The McNemar test and the repeated measures anova were used for statistical analyses (significance level was set at P < 0.05). RESULTS: Overall, 42/42 plaque samples had bacterial growth, whereas 32/42 gutta-percha samples had bacterial growth with a dominance of Streptococcus spp. (12/42) and Enterococcus faecalis (9/42). The mean number of bacterial taxa per gutta-percha sample was 1.6 cultivatable taxa, significantly lower than in the plaque sample that had six taxa/sample (P < 0.001). Fungus-specific cultures were negative for gutta-percha samples, and only one plaque sample had growth of a fungus. In total, 36/42 plaque samples were positive in bacterial Pan-PCRs. In bacterial Pan-PCRs of 31/42 gutta-percha samples, dominant microorganisms were identified including Streptococcus spp. (5/42) and E. faecalis (4/42). Moreover, in 7/42 gutta-percha samples, DNA of bacteria which are difficult-to-cultivate in microbiology routine culture (Acinetobacter,Pyramidobacter,Bacteroidetes,Synergistes,Atopobium and Pseudoramibacter) was found. DNA of Candida spp. was detected in 5/42 root canals by fungal Pan-PCR (1/5) and genus-specific Candida-PCR (5/5). CONCLUSIONS: Pan-PCR assays remain appropriate as a broad-range approach for the detection of a dominant pathogen in gutta-percha samples which have less diverse microbial composition. The molecular genetic Pan-PCR approach has the advantage of detecting microorganisms that are as-yet-uncultivable or difficult-to-cultivate and should be therefore complement conventional microbiological diagnostics.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Bactérias , Fungos , Guta-Percha , Projetos Piloto , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Preparo de Canal Radicular
9.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(3): 55-60, set./dez. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1121756

RESUMO

Para o sucesso no tratamento endodôntico é necessário a limpeza e modelagem dos condutos radiculares. Para isso, utilizam-se algumas técnicas de preparo dos canais com o intuito de remover o conteúdo patológico, visando sanar o canal radicular. Após um preparo cuidadoso e preciso, a obturação que acompanha a técnica escolhida deve apresentar um selamento adequado e preencher o sistema radicular com a finalidade de substituir o conteúdo natural ou patológico dos condutos por materiais inertes tolerados pelos tecidos periapicais. Com isso, o objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi avaliar por meio de radiografia digital, a qualidade de preenchimento de canais simulados retos quando os mesmos foram preparados manualmente e obturados utilizando condensação lateral e Mcsppaden e preparados com o sistema rotatório e obturados com a técnica de cone único. Para este estudo foram utilizados 20 blocos de canais radiculares simulados retos com comprimento de 21 mm. Estes blocos foram divididos em terços (cervical, médio e apical) em dois grupos que foram avaliados como ruim, bom e muito bom, onde foram obturados de duas formas diferentes, um grupo utilizando a técnica da condensação lateral mais emprego de Mcspadden e no outro grupo obturação com cone único após o preparo com o sistema mecanizado Protaper Universal. Os dados foram submetidos ao teste Qui-quadrado de Person e Teste Exato de Fisher com nível de significância de 95%. Os resultados obtidos apresentaram diferença significativas entre os terços obturados com as duas técnicas. Pode-se concluir, considerando a metodologia empregada e os resultados obtidos, que há diferença entre as duas técnicas obturadoras em relação a qualidade de preenchimento dos canais radiculares(AU)


Successful endodontic treatment requires cleaning and shaping of the root ducts. For this, some techniques of canal preparation are used in order to remove the pathological content, aiming to remedy the root canal. After careful and accurate preparation, the obturation accompanying the chosen technique must be properly sealed and fill the root system in order to replace the natural or pathological contents of the ducts with inert materials tolerated by the periapical tissues.Thus, the aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate by digital radiography the quality of filling of straight simulated channels when they were manually prepared and filled using lateral condensation and Mcsppaden and prepared with the rotary system and filled with the technique of single cone. For this study 20 blocks of simulated straight root canals with a length of 21 mm were used. These blocks were divided into thirds (cervical, middle and apical) into two groups that were evaluated as bad, good and very good, where they were filled in two different ways, one using the lateral condensation technique plus Mcspadden's and the other single cone obturation group after preparation with the Protaper Universal mechanized system. Data were submitted to Person Chi-square test and Fisher Exact Test with a significance level of 95%. The obtained results showed significant difference between the thirds filled with the two techniques. It can be concluded, considering the methodology employed and the results obtained, that there is a difference between the two obturator techniques in relation to the filling quality of the root canals(AU)


Assuntos
Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Guta-Percha , Tecido Periapical , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Preparo de Canal Radicular
10.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 99(6): 55-63, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33267545

RESUMO

THE AIM OF THE STUDY: Was to compare the efficacy of Ca(OH)2 apexification and regenerative endodontic procedure (REP) in immature teeth with pulp necrosis. The pilot study included 12 children aged 89 to 126 months having pulp necrosis in immature incisors. Dental trauma was the etiology for pulp necrosis in all cases and initial X-rays showed periapical translucency lesions (PTL). The patients were randomly divided in 2 groups with either Ca(OH)2 apexification (group 1, n=6) or REP (group 2, n=6). The root length and the growth of root wall thickness, as well as root to crown ratio and dentinal wall to root canal space ratio was assessed radiologically in 6, 12 and 24 months. The root length increase was detected in 83% of all cases, but the pattern of root dentine growth in the groups was different. Dentin thickness in REP group was more prominent in the apical third and was observed in 100% of cases while in group 1 dentin thickness increased mainly in the coronal and middle third of the root, dentin thickness increased only in 33% of all cases in the apexification group. PTL were successfully eliminated in both groups. CONCLUSION: Results and complications of both methods allow limiting indications for their usage. Ca(OH)2 apexification is more reliable in cases of pulp necrosis in teeth with III and IV stages of root formation when an estimated time for apexification is 3 to 6 months, under condition of good patient cooperation and possibility for good marginal fit of the restoration. REP is indicated in cases with I, II and III stages of root formation, as well as initial root resorption signs regardless of root formation stage.


Assuntos
Apexificação , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Hidróxido de Cálcio , Criança , Necrose da Polpa Dentária/terapia , Dentina , Humanos , Incisivo , Projetos Piloto , Endodontia Regenerativa
11.
J Oral Sci ; 63(1): 65-69, 2020 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33298628

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of heating on the physical properties of four types of premixed calcium silicate-based root canal sealers. Endoseal MTA, Well-Root ST, EndoSequence BC Sealer, EndoSequence BC Sealer HiFlow, and AH Plus (epoxy resin root canal sealer) were heated at 100°C for 1 min, and changes in setting time, flow, and film thickness were evaluated in accordance with ISO 6876:2012 standards. In addition, pH measurement and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analyses of the set materials were performed. All root canal sealers heated at 100°C showed significant decreases in setting time and flow, particularly Endoseal MTA. In addition, the film thickness of Endoseal MTA increased significantly after heating at 100°C. The pH and SEM/EDS results were not affected by heating. Heating calcium silicate-based root canal sealers accelerated setting time, decreased flow, and increased film thickness. However, the degree of these changes varied among the products. The present findings indicate that heat-induced changes in the physical properties of calcium silicate-based root canal sealers could adversely affect the quality of warm vertical condensation technique.


Assuntos
Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Compostos de Cálcio , Cavidade Pulpar , Resinas Epóxi , Guta-Percha , Calefação , Teste de Materiais , Silicatos
12.
Braz Dent J ; 31(6): 598-604, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33237230

RESUMO

The aims of this study were to evaluate the physical and chemical properties, cytotoxicity and dentinal tubule penetration of a new calcium silicate-based root canal dressing. For pH and calcium ion release evaluation (1, 24, 72 and 168 h) were used a pH meter and colorimetric spectrophotometer, respectively. Radiopacity evaluation followed the ISO 6876:2012. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by the percentage of cell viability using MTT assay. Illustrative images of dentinal tubule penetration were obtained using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Data from pH and calcium ion release were statistically analyzed by two-way analysis of variance and Tukey test. Radiopacity was analyzed using the Student t-test. The statistical tests for cytotoxicity results were the one-way analysis of variance and Tukey test. Both materials showed alkaline pH in all experimental times. The pH values for calcium hydroxide paste were higher than bioceramic paste at 1, 24, and 72 h (p<0.05). The calcium ion release of bioceramic was lower than the calcium hydroxide paste only at 24 h (p<0.05). The bioceramic was more radiopaque than the calcium hydroxide paste (p<0.05). Bioceramic paste presented a dose and time-dependent cytotoxic effect after MTT assay. CLSM images showed absence of tubule penetration for both pastes. The new calcium silicate-based canal dressing presented alkaline pH, high calcium release, and acceptable radiopacity. Bio C Temp showed a dose and time-dependent cytotoxic and absence of dentinal tubule penetration.


Assuntos
Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Bandagens , Compostos de Cálcio/toxicidade , Hidróxido de Cálcio/toxicidade , Cavidade Pulpar , Humanos , Silicatos
13.
Braz Dent J ; 31(6): 605-610, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33237231

RESUMO

This study evaluated the efficiency of using a single instrument from three different rotary multi-file systems and compared them with that of a reciprocating single-file for endodontic retreatment by means of micro-CT. Sixty extracted canines were prepared using a size F2 ProTaper Universal file and obturated. After 30 days of storage at 37ºC and 100% humidity, the teeth were randomly divided into four groups (n=15) based on the type of instrument used to retreatment: ProTaper Next (PTN), ProTaper Gold (PTG), TRUShape 3D (TS), and WaveOne (WO). The canals were retreated using only the size 40 instrument from each system according to the manufacturer's recommendations for torque and speed. The time required to remove the filling material was recorded in seconds. The amount of initial and residual filling material and the quantity of dentin removed were assessed by means of micro-CT. Data were statistically analyzed (ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis) at a 5% significance level. TS instruments required the highest (p<0.05) amount of time (mean, 384.80 ±144.92) compared with the WO (229.67±68.16) and PTG (248.67±64.22) and not so different from PTN instruments (327.67±133.3). No differences in the amount of dentin removed, initial and residual filling volume, and percentages of filling material were observed among the groups. The use of a single rotary instrument from the PTG, TS, and PTN systems was as effective as that of the single-file reciprocating WO system. However, none of the instruments was able to remove the filling materials completely.


Assuntos
Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Cavidade Pulpar , Desenho de Equipamento , Níquel , Retratamento , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Titânio , Microtomografia por Raio-X
14.
Braz Dent J ; 31(6): 611-616, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33237232

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial potential of a calcium silicate-based sealer (Bio-C Sealer, Angelus) against common bacteria in primary and secondary endodontic infections. Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus mutans were exposed to fresh Bio-C Sealer for 24 h by the agar diffusion method (n=5). Additionally, the antibacterial activity was investigated against E. faecalis and S. mutans biofilms (48 h old) grown in discs with 4 mm in diameter and 2 mm in height. (n=3) of set discs of Bio-C Sealer (Angelus), EndoFill (Dentsply-Mallefer), Sealer 26 (Dentsply), AH Plus (Dentsply), Sealapex (Sybron-Endo) and EndoSequence BC Sealer (Brasseler). The antibacterial activity was evaluated by colony forming unity (CFU) counting using ImageJ software. Data were compared by one-way ANOVA followed by Holm-Sidak test (a=5%). Fresh Bio-C Sealer exhibited antimicrobial activity against all bacteria evaluated by agar diffusion method, except for S. mutans. Set discs of all endodontic sealers tested showed similar CFU values for E. faecalis (p>0.05). S. mutans in biofilms showed higher susceptibility to EndoFill compared with the other sealers (p<0.05). In conclusion, the results indicate that fresh Bio-C Sealer does not inhibit S. mutans growth, but exhibits antibacterial activity against E. faecalis, S. aureus, P. aeruginosa and E. coli. After setting, the Bio-C Sealer exhibits an antimicrobial potential comparable to that of the other sealers evaluated in E. faecalis biofilm, but lower than that of EndoFill for S. mutans biofilm.


Assuntos
Resinas Epóxi , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio , Enterococcus faecalis , Escherichia coli , Teste de Materiais , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Silicatos/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus
15.
Braz Dent J ; 31(5): 477-484, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146330

RESUMO

This study evaluated the biocompatibility, biomineralization, and collagen fiber maturation induced by Resorbable Tissue Replacement (RTR®; ß-tricalcium phosphate [TCP]), Bioglass (BIOG; bioactive glass), and DM Bone® (DMB; hydroxyapatite and ß-TCP) in vivo. Sixty-four polyethylene tubes with or without (control group; CG) materials (n=8/group/period) were randomly implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of 16 male Wistar rats (four per rat), weighting 250 to 280 g. The rats were killed after 7 and 30 days (n=8), and the specimens were removed for analysis of inflammation using hematoxylin-eosin; biomineralization assay using von Kossa (VK) staining and polarized light (PL); and collagen fiber maturation using picrosirius red (PSR). Nonparametric data were statistically analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests, and parametric data by one-way ANOVA test (p<0.05). At 7 days, all groups induced moderate inflammation (p>0.05). At 30 days, there was mild inflammation in the BIOG and CG, and moderate inflammation in the RTR and DMB groups, with a significant difference between the CG and RTR (p<0.05). The fibrous capsule was thick at 7 days and predominantly thin at 30 days in all groups. All materials exhibited structures that stained positively for VK and PL. Immature collagen fibers were predominant at 7 and 30 days in all groups (p>0.05), although DMB exhibited more mature fibers than BIOG at 30 days (p<0.05). RTR, BIOG, and DMB were biocompatible, inducing inflammation that reduced over time and biomineralization in the subcutaneous tissue of rats. DMB exhibited more mature collagen fibers than BIOG over a longer period.


Assuntos
Biomineralização , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Compostos de Alumínio , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Compostos de Cálcio , Cerâmica , Colágeno , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Óxidos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Silicatos , Tela Subcutânea
16.
Braz Dent J ; 31(5): 499-504, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146333

RESUMO

This study evaluated by micro-computed tomography (µCT) the filling ability in curved root canals, besides the flow of AH Plus (AHP) and Neo MTA Plus (NMTAP) sealers using different methodologies. Mandibular molars mesial roots with two root canals and degree of curvature between 20° and 40° were selected. The specimens were prepared with the ProDesign R system up to size 35.05 and were filled with the sealers by a continuous wave of condensation technique, Thermo Pack II (n=12). The teeth were scanned using µCT after root canal preparation and obturation. The volumetric percentage of filling material and voids were calculated. Flow was evaluated based on ISO 6876/2012 (n=10). Flow and filling were also evaluated in µCT using a glass plate with a central cavity and four grooves from the central cavity (n=6). Flow was linearly calculated into the grooves. The central cavity filling (CCF) and lateral cavity filling (LCF) were calculated in mm³. Data were submitted to non-paired t test with a significance threshold at 5%. The percentage of filling and voids between the root canals filled with AHP or NMTAP was similar (p>0.05). NMTAP presented the lowest flow in conventional test (p<0.05). Using µCT, sealers had similar CCF, LCF and linear flow (p>0.05). In conclusion, NMTAP and AHP had similar filling ability in curved mesial root canals of mandibular molars without presence of isthmus. Although AHP presented better flow than NMTAP using ISO methodology, there was no difference between these materials regarding volumetric filling when evaluated by µCT.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Guta-Percha , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Microtomografia por Raio-X
17.
Braz Dent J ; 31(5): 511-515, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146335

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the physicochemical properties of a repair material in the Brazilian market, BioMTA, in comparison to other two materials currently in use (Biodentine and MTA Angelus). The initial setting time was evaluated using Gillmore needle. The pH was measured with a pH-meter after 24 h, 3, 7, 14 and 21 days. The radiopacity was determined using the equivalence in millimeters of aluminum (mm Al) from digitized occlusal radiographs. Solubility was determined after immersion in water for 7 days. The data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (a=0.05). The BioMTA initial setting time (5.2 min) was lower than the other materials (p<0.05). All materials showed an alkaline pH at 21 days. At 24 h, BioMTA was the most alkaline material (p<0.05); and at 3, 7, 14 and 21 days there was no difference between BioMTA and Biodentine (p>0.05), both being more alkaline than MTA Angelus (p<0.05). The radiopacity of BioMTA (4.2 mm Al) was significantly higher compared to Biodentine (p<0.05) and lower than MTA Angelus (p<0.05). The solubility of the materials was -4.2%, -1.6% and 4.1% for BioMTA, MTA Angelus and Biodentine, respectively, with a significant difference between them (p<0.05). Therefore, it can be concluded that BioMTA displayed a shorter setting time, an alkaline pH, a higher radiopacity, and a gain in mass.


Assuntos
Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Silicatos , Resinas Acrílicas , Compostos de Alumínio , Brasil , Compostos de Cálcio , Combinação de Medicamentos , Teste de Materiais , Óxidos , Solubilidade , Água
18.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(7): 760-764, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020359

RESUMO

AIM: One of the most vital characteristics of an ideal root filling material is the capability to inhibit the growth of the microorganisms. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is one of the most used root repair materials, with approved antibacterial effect. A newly introduced root repair material is nano-fast cement (NFC) which should be investigated. The antibacterial and antifungal activities of NFC were evaluated in the present study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Enterococcus faecalis (PTCC 1394), Escherichia coli (ATTC 15224), and Candida albicans (PTCC 5027) were employed for the antimicrobial assessment. The following were the steps used to conduct the agar diffusion test (ADT): six agar plates were used. 0.5 McFarland concentration of each strain was cultured on two plates by a sterile cotton-tipped swab. Three holes with 5mm diameter were created on each plate. Freshly mixed cement was placed in the holes of the related plate. After two hours, the plates were incubated at 37°C for 24 hours. Then, the diameter of the growth inhibition zones were measured, and the mean values were used for the analysis. Direct contact test (DCT) was done by using the following steps: Freshly mixed materials were placed in the 96-well microtiter plate. 10 µL of each bacterial suspension was added to the tested cement. After one-hour incubation at 37°C, 245 µL of BHI broth was added to each well, and the plate was vortexed for 2 minutes. About 15 µL of this bacterial suspension was added to a new well which contained 215 µL of fresh medium. The kinetics of the bacterial outgrowth were measured by the microplate spectrophotometer hourly for 12 hours. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed between the diameters of the growth inhibition zones of MTA and NFC groups in ADT. In DCT, the MTA inhibits E. coli more effectively than NFC (p value < 0.001). Both cements had the same inhibitory effect on E. faecalis and C. albicans. CONCLUSION: The MTA and NFC are almost equally effective against the tested microorganisms. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The antibacterial characteristic of any dental material is an important matter. As well, the antibacterial efficacy of the NFC should be evaluated.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli , Compostos de Alumínio , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio , Combinação de Medicamentos , Óxidos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Silicatos
19.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(4): 579-584, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107460

RESUMO

Aims: To evaluate and compare the efficacy of four rotary instrumentation systems in root canal retreatment and to determine retreatment time. Materials and Methods: To achieve the purpose of this study, canals of 60 distal roots in mandibular molar teeth were selected and randomly divided into four groups A, B, C and D (n = 15). Using step-back technique, the canals were prepared and filled with gutta-percha and AH Plus employing cold lateral compaction technique. The root filling material was removed with the following retreatment systems: Group A: Mtwo R, group B: D-RaCe, group C: ProTaper R and group D: R-Endo. In order to record retreatment time, a stopwatch was used. The samples were split longitudinally, examined under a stereomicroscope, photographed and assessed with AutoCAD software. Finally, the percentages of remaining filling material were calculated and the extracted data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey HSD test. Results: All examined groups showed traces of remaining filling material within the canals. No statistically significant difference was found among the four groups in the coronal, middle, and apical thirds. The same result was obtained with regard to retreatment time (P > 0.05). However, within each one of the groups, significant difference was observed in the three regions (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Based on the findings of this study, none of the examined systems could completely remove root filling material from the root canals. However, they were all found to be effective in this regard. The most amount of remaining filling material was found in the apical third.


Assuntos
Guta-Percha , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Cavidade Pulpar , Níquel , Retratamento , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Titânio
20.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 21(3): 238-242, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Molar Incisor Malformation (MIM) or Molar Root Incisor malformation (MRIM) is a recently discovered root malformation with constricted pulp and abnormally located furcation presented in permanent first molars and sometimes incisors. CASE REPORT: Two cases that feature MIM are presented with the description of the characteristic tooth form, clinical/radiographic examination, medical history, the supposed aetiology, treatment procedure and results at the 2-year follow-up. Conservative endodontic treatment was performed in both cases, furcation perforation and canal perforation were filled with MTA (Mineral Trioxide Aggregate), and a good prognosis was observed after 2 years of follow-up. Furthermore, recommended treatment options are discussed to provide a more appropriate treatment for the patients. CONCLUSION: Patients with MIM need to be treated at the right time to avoid severe infection and other problems. Early diagnosis with appropriate treatment is more likely to lead to a more favourable prognosis.


Assuntos
Incisivo , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Compostos de Alumínio , Compostos de Cálcio , Polpa Dentária , Cavidade Pulpar , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Dente Molar , Óxidos , Silicatos , Raiz Dentária
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