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1.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 5265-5277, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32884255

RESUMO

Background: Successful endodontic therapy is mainly governed by the satisfactory sealing ability of the applied root canal sealer. Also, tolerability of root canal structure to accommodate the presence of a sealer participates in the efficiency of the treatment. Hence, this study was aimed to extrapolate our previous one that was concerned with the preparation and evaluation of novel nature-based root canal sealers. Our current work is focused on the evaluation of sealing ability and in vivo biocompatibility. Materials and Methods: Egyptian propolis was extracted (ProE) and encapsulated in polymeric nanoparticles (ProE-loaded NPs). Two root sealers, PE sealer and PE nanosealer, were fabricated by incorporating ProE and ProE-loaded NPs, respectively. The sealing ability of the developed sealers was tested by a dye extraction method. An in vivo biocompatibility study was conducted using a subcutaneous implantation method for two and four weeks. At the same time, a model sealer (AH Plus®) was subjected to the same procedures to enable accurate and equitable results. Results: The teeth treated with PE sealer exhibited weak sealing ability which did not differ from that of unfilled teeth. PE nanosealer enhanced the sealing ability similarly to the model sealer with minimal apical microleakage. Studying in vivo biocompatibility indicated the capability of the three tested sealers to induce cell proliferation and tissue healing. However, PE nanosealer had superior biocompatibility, with higher potential for cell regeneration and tissue proliferation. Conclusion: PE nanosealer can be presented as an innovative root canal sealer, with enhanced sealing ability as well as in vivo biocompatibility. It can be applied as a substitute for the currently available sealers that demonstrate hazardous effects.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas/química , Própole/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Animais , Egito , Humanos , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Ratos Wistar , Dente/efeitos dos fármacos , Dente/patologia
2.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(9): 1237-1242, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913162

RESUMO

Aims: We evaluated and compared EndoActivator, CanalBrush, and passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) in the removal of calcium hydroxide and calcium hydroxide with iodoform and p-chlorophenol paste (Calcipast Forte) from artificial standardized grooves in the apical third of root canals. Materials and Methods: A total of 34 mandibular premolars were prepared and then split longitudinally. A standardized groove was prepared in the apical part of both segments. The grooves were filled with either calcium hydroxide or Calcipast Forte, and the segments were reassembled. CanalBrush, EndoActivator, or PUI were used. The amount of remaining medicament was evaluated using a four-grade scoring system. Results: None of the irrigation methods could completely remove the pastes from the grooves. More Calcipast Forte paste was detected compared with calcium hydroxide (P < 0.01). PUI was the least effective method in removing Calcipast Forte. Conclusions: It was more difficult to remove Calcipast Forte than a water-based calcium hydroxide paste.


Assuntos
Hidróxido de Cálcio/química , Clorofenóis , Cavidade Pulpar/patologia , Hidrocarbonetos Iodados , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/administração & dosagem , Terapia por Ultrassom/métodos , Humanos , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Irrigação Terapêutica/métodos , Terapia por Ultrassom/instrumentação , Ultrassom , Água
3.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(6): 811-816, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525116

RESUMO

Background: An optimum bonding between the sealer and dentin is important for impermeable root canal filling and many procedures were applied to improve root canal dentin and in turn the bond strength between the sealer and dentine. There is lack of sufficient data on the effect of nonthermal plasma application on the bond strength of sealers to the root canal dentin. Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of NAP on the push-out bond strength (PBS) of a bioceramic and resin-based root canal sealer (RCS) to root canal dentin. Materials and Methods: Forty single-rooted mandibular premolars were decoronated. After preparation and final irrigation, the specimens were divided into four groups (n = 10). Group AH: Root canals were filled with gutta-percha (GP) and AH Plus RCS, Group P-AH: Root canals were filled with GP and AH Plus RCS following the NAP application, Group BC: Root canals were filled with GP and Endosequence BC RCS, and Group P-BC: Root canals were filled with GP and Endosequence BC RCS following the NAP application. Then roots were sectioned horizontally to obtain ~1 mm thick dentin disks. PBS test was performed to the second (coronal) and fourth (middle) slices. Data were analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis and t-test. Results: There was a statistically significant difference among the groups for both coronal and middle regions (P < 0.05). P-BC group showed higher PBS than AH and P-AH groups in the coronal region. P-BC group showed higher PBS than the other groups in the middle region. Conclusions: The use of NAP did not influence the push-out bond strength of AH-Plus sealer to the root canal dentin. The Endosequence-BC sealer showed a better bond strength than the AH-Plus sealer after NAP application.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Obturação do Canal Radicular/métodos , Cimento de Óxido de Zinco e Eugenol , Dente Pré-Molar , Colagem Dentária , Dentina , Resinas Epóxi/química , Guta-Percha/química , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Pressão , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Temperatura
4.
Endodoncia (Madr.) ; 38(1): 28-43, jun. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-199207

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Los materiales que se emplean para procedimientos dentales en los que el material contacta directamente con el tejido pulpar y tejidos periodontales han de cumplir una serie de propiedades, entre ellas la biocompatibilidad. A su vez, han de ser materiales que eviten el paso de fluidos y microorganismos con el fin de preservar las condiciones óptimas de los tejidos. El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática fue evaluar la porosidad de los diferentes cementos de agregado trióxido mineral (MTA). MÉTODO: Dos investigadores realizaron búsquedas avanzadas en: PubMed Central, PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Li-brary, Science Direc y Science Database (Proquest) siguiendo los criterios PRISMA. Los criterios de inclusión contemplaban los es-tudios in vitro, publicados en inglés desde enero de 1993 hasta abril de 2019, que analizaran y midieran la porosidad del MTA. Se excluyeron los estudios in vivo, piloto, editoriales, cartas, revisiones sistemáticas, reseñas literarias, resúmenes de conferencias y trabajos de fin de grado. RESULTADOS: Un total de 853 artículos resultó de la búsqueda inicial, de los que solo 19 pasaron los criterios de inclusión, exclusión y el análisis del riesgo de sesgo. En ellos, se analizan distintas técnicas de condensación del MTA, radiopacificadores, sustratos, etc., en busca de materiales que presenten menor porosidad. CONCLUSIONES: La elevada heterogeneidad de los estudios sobre porosidad y el hecho de que éstos no estén estandarizados, pue-de condicionar la validez externa o generalización de los resultados entre los distintos investigadores para un mismo material y procedimiento. En los estudios que realizan una comparación entre varios materiales, concluyen que tanto MTA ProRoot® y Bio-dentineTM obtuvieron mejores resultados en cuanto a porosidad. Número de solicitud (PROSPERO): 124340


OBJECTIVE: Materials used for dental procedures in which the material directly contacts the pulp and periodontal tissues must have a series of characteristics, such as biocompatibility. Equally, they must be materials that prevent the passage of fluids and microorganisms aiming at keeping the optimal conditions of the tissues intact. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the porosity of the different cements of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). METHOD: Two researchers conducted advanced searches in: PubMed Central, PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library, ScienceDirect and ScienceDatabase (Proquest) following the PRISMA criteria. Inclusion criteria took into account in vitro studies, published in English from January 1993 to April 2019, to analyse and measure the porosity of the MTA. In vivo and pilot studies were excluded, as well as editorials, letters, systematic reviews, literary reviews, conference abstracts and dissertations. RESULTS: A total of 853 articles resulted from the initial search, of which only 19 met the criteria for inclusion, exclusion and analysis of the risk of bias. In them, different condensation techniques of the MTA, radiopacifiers, substrates, etc., are analysed in quest of materials with less porosity. CONCLUSIONS: The high heterogeneity of the studies on porosity and the fact that they are not standardised, can condition the external validity or generalisation of the results among the different researchers for the same material and procedure. In the studies that make a comparison between several materials, they conclude that both MTA ProRoot® and BiodentineTM obtained better outcomes in terms of porosity as compared with other marketed brands. Application number (PROSPERO): 124340


Assuntos
Humanos , Cimentos Dentários/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Compostos de Alumínio/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Cimentos Dentários/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Alumínio/uso terapêutico , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Porosidade
5.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 57, 2020 02 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32070302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intracanal medicaments can be used in various endodontic conditions including multiple visit endodontics after trauma or in regenerative endodontics. These medicaments should be removed from the root canal before the placement of the filling or repair material. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of prior calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) and modified triple antibiotic paste (mTAP) placement on the push-out bond strength of TotalFill BC fast set putty (BC fast set putty) to root dentin when compared to mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). METHODS: The root canals of 45 extracted mandibular premolars were prepared to a standardized internal diameter (1.5 mm). The specimens were randomly assigned to 3 groups according to the intracanal medicament used: mTAP (a mixture of metronidazole, ciprofloxacin, and cefaclor), Ca(OH)2, and no intracanal medicament. After 1 week, the medicaments were removed, and the middle third of the roots were cut into two transverse sections (2.0 ± 0.05) (n = 90 slices). Thereafter, the specimens were divided into two subgroups (n = 45 each): MTA or BC putty. After 1 week, the push-out test was performed and failure mode was evaluated. The data were statistically analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc. RESULTS: The application of the intracanal medicament did not significantly affect the bond strength of BC putty (p > .05). For MTA, the prior application of Ca(OH)2 or mTAP significantly decreased the dislocation resistance (p < .05). Specimens in the MTA subgroups showed an almost equal number of cohesive and mixed types of failure while the majority of the specimens in the BC putty subgroups revealed the cohesive type. CONCLUSIONS: Ca(OH)2 and mTAP promoted lower bond strength of MTA to root dentin compared to the control group. However, the BC fast set putty bond strength to dentin was not affected by prior medication with Ca(OH)2 or mTAP.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Hidróxido de Cálcio/química , Colagem Dentária , Endodontia/métodos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Silicatos/química , Cálcio , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Cefaclor , Ciprofloxacino , Humanos , Metronidazol , Silicatos/farmacologia
6.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 37, 2020 02 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study compares the apical microleakage of three different root-end filling materials in which the retrograde cavity is prepared by two different burs. METHODS: Eighty extracted single rooted maxillary and mandibular premolars were taken. Root canal treatment was completed. Apical 3 mm of all the teeth were resected with diamond disk. The tooth were divided into four groups with two subgroups for each group containing 10 tooth (N = 10) as: Group IA (Negative Control and IB (Positive Control); Group IIA and IIB: Prepared with round carbide bur and round diamond bur respectively, filled with GIC; Group IIIA and IIIB: Prepared with round carbide bur and round diamond bur respectively, filled with MTA; Group IVA and IVB: Prepared with round carbide bur and round diamond bur, filled with Biodentine. After applying two coats of nail varnish leaving apical 3 mm (except for negative control group) all teeth were immersed in 2% methylene blue for 3 days and again in 65% nitric acid for next 3 days for extraction of dye. The obtained solution was then transferred to eppendorf tube and centrifuged in microcentrifuges at 14,000 revolution per minutes (RPM) for 5 min. Optical density or absorbance of the supernatant solution was measured with UV spectrophotometer at 550 nm. RESULTS: The absorbance of the supernatant solution after dye extraction is decreasing in the order of positive control> GIC > MTA > Biodentine> negative control group. The significant difference was observed between GIC and MTA (p = 0.0001) and GIC and Biodentine (p = 0.0001) with two different burs but statistically non-significant difference was observed between MTA and Biodentine with Carbide bur (p = 0.127) and Diamond bur (p = 0.496) respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of the present study, it can be concluded that Biodentine and MTA showed less microleakage as compared to GIC. There is no significant difference between mean microleakage of MTA and Biodentine. However, the mean OD of the Biodentine was least of all evaluated materials. Preparation of the root-end using round carbide bur as well as round diamond burs showed comparable microleakage for all three filling materials.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Apicectomia/métodos , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Cimentos Dentários/química , Infiltração Dentária/prevenção & controle , Óxidos/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Silicatos/farmacologia , Ápice Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Alumínio/química , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Infiltração Dentária/diagnóstico , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Pemetrexede , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Silicatos/química , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20190005, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800870

RESUMO

other: Chitosan is a natural, biocompatible chelating substance with potential for dental use. This study compared the effects of final canal irrigation with chitosan and EDTA on dentin microhardness, sealer dentin tubules penetration capacity, and push-out strength. METHODOLOGY: Fifty canine roots were distributed according to the final irrigation protocol (n=10): G1- 15% EDTA with conventional irrigation; G2- 15% EDTA with Endovac; G3- 0.2% chitosan with conventional irrigation; G4- 0.2% chitosan with Endovac; and G5- without irrigation. Specimens were obturated (AH Plus) and sectioned in 3 slices per root third. The first slice was used for microhardness and sealer penetration assessments under a laser confocal microscope. The second was utilized in a push-out strength test. The third slice was discarded. Data were analyzed using 2-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test (α<0.05). Failure mode was determined at x40 magnification. RESULTS: Microhardness reduction was more significant in groups G2 and G4 (p<0.05). Sealer penetration through dentin was significantly greater in group G2 (p<0.05). There was no significant difference between groups G1, G3, and G4 (p>0.05). In general, all experimental groups presented similar bond resistance (p>0.05) that significantly differed from the control (p<0.001). Mixed type failures were predominant. CONCLUSIONS: In general, 0.2% chitosan and 15% EDTA solutions act in a similar manner with regard to the variables studied. The use of Endovac potentiates the effect of these solutions.


Assuntos
Quelantes/química , Quitosana/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Edético/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Análise de Variância , Resinas Epóxi/química , Testes de Dureza , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Confocal , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(3): 1333-1338, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the fracture resistance of simulated immature roots using Biodentine (BD) and fiber post (FP) compared with different root canal-filling materials under aging conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty maxillary central anterior teeth were randomly divided into seven groups (n = 20/group). Negative control received no treatment. In the other groups, the root canals were prepared to simulate immature teeth. The root canals were filled with a 4-mm apical plug of BD and restored intraradicular with BD, BD + FP, composite resin (CR), CR + FP, and gutta-percha (GP). Positive controls were instrumented but without restoration. Teeth were subjected to thermocycling and received cyclic loading before fracture resistance test. Fracture resistance was conducted using a universal testing machine with a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min until fracture. Load to fracture was recorded in newtons (N). Data were statistically analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test at P < 0.05. RESULTS: Root canals restored intraradicular with BD + FP and CR + FP showed the highest fracture resistance compared with the other experimental groups (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the fracture resistance between CR and BD groups (P = 0.998). GP and positive control groups were significantly lower resistance to fracture than the other groups (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Intraradicular reinforcement with BD + FP and CR + FP enhanced the fracture resistance of simulated immature teeth than the other experimental groups. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Biodentine or composite resin combined with fiber post could be used to reinforce immature teeth with an apical Biodentine plug.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio/química , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Silicatos/química , Fraturas dos Dentes/prevenção & controle , Resinas Compostas/química , Guta-Percha/química , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Distribuição Aleatória , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 3512606, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815132

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the present study was to characterize a novel resin-based monoblock endodontic obturation system consisting of a polymeric cone and a resin-based endodontic sealer. Methods: The preliminary tests performed for the experimental cone were as follows: cohesive strength, dimensional stability, standardization of the diameter and taper, calcium ion release, and radiopacity, for the characterization of the experimental sealer, film thickness and flow tests were performed. Tests were performed according to the American National Standards Institute/American Dental Association (ANSI/ADA) Standards Nos. 57 and 78. The experimental cone was compared to gutta-percha, whereas the experimental sealer was compared to AH Plus. Data were analyzed by Student's t-test (α = 0.05). Results: The experimental cone had superior values for cohesive strength and dimensional stability compared to gutta-percha. Regarding calcium ion release, the experimental system continued to release calcium ions after 30 days. Film thickness was similar for both endodontic sealers; conversely, the experimental resin-based sealer achieved higher values for flow compared to AH Plus. Conclusion: The experimental resin-based monoblock obturation system fully met the requirements of the ANSI/ADA Standard No. 78 and the ANSI/ADA Standard No. 57, except for radiopacity. Considering this, further studies are still needed to evaluate other radiopacifiers and the effect of their incorporation on the physicochemical properties of this novel resin-based monoblock endodontic obturation system.


Assuntos
Resinas Epóxi/química , Teste de Materiais , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Cálcio/química , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Guta-Percha/química , Humanos , Reologia , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
10.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 8379-8398, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695372

RESUMO

Background: Propolis is a unique natural adhesive product collected by honeybees. It contains a diversity of bioactive compounds with reported functional properties such as antioxidants, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antiviral and anticancer activity. Dental caries is a worldwide problem that caused by microbial growth usually progress from tooth enamel to the underlying pulpal tissues and root canal. This situation could be controlled by a sequence of steps to remove microorganisms and fill root canal with a suitable long-lasting root canal sealer. Unfortunately, leachable and degradation products of the currently used sealers compromised their antimicrobial activity by inflammatory modulation associated with irritation and toxicity of periapical tissues. Materials and methods: Hence, propolis was selected to be designed as a natural root canal sealer due to its amazing functional properties. Moreover, its handling properties were enhanced and potentiated by its incorporation in polymeric nanoparticles (NPs). Frist, propolis was collected, extracted and analyzed for its bioactive compounds. After that, propolis-loaded NPs of PLGA (ProE-loaded NPs) were developed and fully characterized regarding physicochemical properties, in vitro release and in vitro cytotoxicity. Then, root canal sealers were fabricated and assayed for their antimicrobial activity. Both cytotoxicity and antimicrobial activity were compared to those of a model sealer; AH Plus®. Results: The results revealed that spherical nanoscopic NPs with narrow size distribution were obtained. ProE-loaded NPs exhibited accepted entrapment efficiency (>80) and prolonged release. In vitro cytotoxicity study confirmed the safety of ProE-loaded NPs. Also, the developed sealers showed antimicrobial activity versus bacterial strains of Enterococcus faecalis and Streptococcus mutans and antifungal activity against Candida albicans. Conclusion: ProE-loaded NPs could be incorporated in and represented as a root canal sealer with prolonged release and enhanced cytocompatibility as well as antimicrobial activities.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Nanopartículas/química , Própole/farmacologia , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Cimento de Óxido de Zinco e Eugenol/farmacologia , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Egito , Enterococcus faecalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Cinética , Teste de Materiais , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0223575, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, a new generation of bioceramic root canal sealers has been introduced onto the market. Many in vitro studies have investigated the antimicrobial properties of these sealers, but their comparative efficacy in antimicrobial activity is still unknown. METHODOLOGY: Three electronic databases were searched: MEDLINE and Embase via the OvidSP platform, and Web of Science, up to June 25, 2019. Studies were included irrespective of study design, type of publication and language. Reporting quality was assessed by two authors independently. Meta-analysis was not performed due to studies being highly heterogeneous. RESULTS: We included 37 studies that analysed the antimicrobial effects of bioceramic sealers. Most of them used a planktonic cell model, with the exception of nine studies which used biofilms. It was not possible to make direct comparison of results from studies and to give a clear conclusion about the comparative antimicrobial activity of these materials because the studies used heterogeneous sources and ages of microorganisms, setting and contact times of sealers, and antimicrobial tests. Furthermore, some materials showed completely different results when tested with different methods. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, multiple in vitro studies have shown that bioceramic sealers may have various degrees of antimicrobial activity. However, it is still impossible to make conclusions about their comparative efficacy and to recommend the use of one over another in clinical practice because the studies available were conducted in different ways, which makes meta-analysis futile. A uniform methodological approach, consistent definitions and studies on humans are urgently needed in this field of research so that recommendations for practice can be made.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Cerâmica/farmacologia , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Cerâmica/química , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química
12.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e042, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508725

RESUMO

This study evaluated the cytotoxicity and biocompatibility of a new bioceramic endodontic sealer (i.e., Sealer Plus BC) in comparison with those of MTA Fillapex and AH Plus. L929 fibroblasts were cultured and Alamar Blue was used to evaluate cell viability of diluted extracts (1:50, 1:100, and 1:200) from each sealer at 24 h. Polyethylene tubes that were filled with material or empty (as a control) were implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of rats. The rats were killed after 7 and 30 d (n = 8), and the tubes were removed for histological analysis. Parametric data was analyzed using a one-way ANOVA test, and nonparametric data was analyzed via the Kruskal-Wallis test followed by the Dunn test (p < 0.05). A reduction in cell viability was observed in the extracts that were more diluted for Sealer Plus BC when compared to that of Control and AH Plus (p < 0.05). However, the 1:50 dilution of the Sealer Plus BC was similar to that of the Control (p > 0.05). Conversely, more diluted extracts of MTA Fillapex (1:200) and AH Plus (1:100 and 1:200) were similar to the Control (p > 0.05). Histological analysis performed at 7 d did not indicate any significant difference between tissue response for all materials, and the fibrous capsule was thick (p > 0.05). At 30 d, Sealer Plus BC was similar to the Control (p > 0.05) and MTA Fillapex and AH Plus exhibited greater inflammation than the Control (p < 0.05). The fibrous capsule was thin for the Control and for most specimens of Sealer Plus BC and AH Plus. Thus, Sealer Plus BC is biocompatible when compared to MTA Fillapex and AH Plus, and it is less cytotoxic when less-diluted extracts are used.


Assuntos
Cimentos para Ossos/química , Hidróxido de Cálcio/química , Cerâmica/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Compostos de Alumínio/química , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Cimentos para Ossos/farmacologia , Cimentos para Ossos/toxicidade , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Hidróxido de Cálcio/farmacologia , Hidróxido de Cálcio/toxicidade , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas/efeitos dos fármacos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Resinas Epóxi/química , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas In Vitro , Inflamação , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Óxidos/química , Ratos Wistar , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/toxicidade , Silicatos/química , Tela Subcutânea/patologia
13.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180556, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508791

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of ultrasonic and sonic activation on physicochemical properties of AH Plus, MTA Fillapex, ADSeal, GuttaFlow Bioseal, and GuttaFlow 2 sealers. METHODOLOGY: Three experimental groups were formed: no activation (NA), ultrasonic activation (UA), and sonic activation (SA). The sealers were manipulated according to the manufacturers' instructions. A 3-mL syringe was adapted to receive 1 mL of sealer. Activation was performed with a 20/.01 ultrasonic insert (20 s/1W) in the UA group. A size 35.04 sonic tip was used (20 s/10,000 cycles/min-1) in the SA group. The molds for physicochemical analysis were filled and evaluated according to ANSI/ADA specification no. 57: setting time (ST), flow (FL), dimensional change (DC), solubility (SB), and radiopacity (RD). Statistical analysis was performed by Kruskal-Wallis, one-way ANOVA, and Tukey's tests (P<0.05). RESULTS: Regarding ST, only AH Plus and GuttaFlow 2 in the NA group met the ANSI/ADA standards. All FL values were greater than 20 mm in diameter, as determined by ANSI/ADA. The tested sealers and protocols did not comply with the ANSI/ADA standards for DC. As for SB, only MTA Fillapex, regardless of the activation protocol, did not follow the ANSI/ADA standards. All of the investigated sealers, regardless of the activation protocol, presented radiographic density higher than 3 mm Al, as proposed by ANSI/ADA. CONCLUSIONS: UA and SA promoted changes in the physicochemical properties of the evaluated root canal sealers, mainly in ST and F. Thus, it is important to evaluate the physicochemical properties of endodontic sealers associated with activation techniques prior to clinical application in order to determine whether the properties follow the parameters set by ANSI/ADA, ensuring safety and quality of root canal filling.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/química , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Dimetilpolisiloxanos/química , Resinas Epóxi/química , Guta-Percha/química , Óxidos/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Silicatos/química , Ondas Ultrassônicas , Análise de Variância , Combinação de Medicamentos , Teste de Materiais , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Solubilidade , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo
14.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 181, 2019 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395103

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this experiment was to assess the push out bond strength of Polydimethylsiloxane sealers (GuttaFlow 2 and GuttaFlow Bioseal by Colte'ne/Whaledent, Altstätten, Switzerland). AH Plus (Dentsply, DeTrey, Konstanz, Germany) was used as a reference material for comparison. METHODS: Thirty root slices were prepared from the middle third of 10 mandibular premolars. Each slice was 1 ± 0.1 mm thick. Three holes, 0.8 mm wide each, were drilled on the axial side of each root slice. These holes were subjected to standardized irrigations and then dried using paper points. Finally, for each root slice, each hole was filled with exactly one of the following three root canal sealers: AH Plus, GuttaFlow 2 and GuttaFlow Bioseal. After all the holes were filled in that way, the root slices were stored on top of phosphate-buffered saline solution (pH 7.2) soaked gauze for 7 days at the temperature of 37 degrees Celsius. Then, for each root canal sealer on a root slice, the universal testing machine was used to measure the push out bond strength. The differences in push out bond strengths between the three sealer samples were assessed using the Friedman test, while the paired comparisons were assessed using Wilcoxon signed rank test with Bonferroni correction. All statistical tests were two-tailed and the significance level was set at the 5%. RESULTS: According to the Friedman test the distributions of push out bond strengths of AH Plus, GuttaFlow 2 and GuttaFlow Bioseal were different (P < 0.05). Paired comparisons indicated that AH Plus had a significantly superior push out bond strength than GuttaFlow 2 and GuttaFlow Bioseal, while the push out bond strength of GuttaFlow Bioseal was significantly stronger than that of GuttaFlow 2 (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Based on these findings, AH Plus is a better root canal sealer than GuttaFlow 2 and GuttaFlow Bioseal.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária/métodos , Dimetilpolisiloxanos/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Dentina/química , Combinação de Medicamentos , Resinas Epóxi , Guta-Percha , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Cimento de Óxido de Zinco e Eugenol
15.
J Appl Biomater Funct Mater ; 17(3): 2280800019851771, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373255

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The main microorganism associated with the failure of endodontic treatments is Enterococcus faecalis. Although several endodontic therapeutics have demonstrated antimicrobial activity against E. faecalis, the antimicrobial effectiveness of chitosan (CsNPs) and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) included into conventional endodontic sealers for endodontic therapies is still unclear. AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity increment (AAI) of endodontic sealers containing CsNPs and AgNPs as well as some chemical components against E. faecalis by direct contact assays. METHODS: CsNPs and AgNPs were synthesized by reduction and ionic gelation methods, respectively. Nanoparticles were characterized by dynamic light scattering and energy dispersive X-ray analysis. The bactericidal activity was tested on monolayers on agar plates and collagen membrane surface assays against E. faecalis. RESULTS: The size of CsNPs was 70.6±14.8 nm and zeta potential was 52.0±5.4 mV; the size of AgNPs was 54.2±8.5 nm, and zeta potential was -48.4±6.9 mV. All materials, single or combined, showed an AAI, especially when CsNPs, chlorhexidine (Chx), and the combination of CsNPs-Chx were added. However, the combination of CsNPs-Chx showed the highest (55%) AAI, followed by Chx (35.5%) and CsNPs (11.1%), respectively. There was a significant statistical difference in all comparisons (p < 0.05). Tubliseal (40%) and AH Plus (32%) sealants showed a higher AAI on E. faecalis in the monolayer test and collagen membrane assay analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. CONCLUSIONS: Tubliseal and AH plus sealers combined with nanoparticles, especially CsNPs-Chx, could be used for conventional endodontic treatments in the control of E. faecalis bacteria.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Quitosana , Enterococcus faecalis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Prata , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Quitosana/química , Quitosana/farmacologia , Enterococcus faecalis/ultraestrutura , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Prata/química , Prata/farmacologia
16.
J Endod ; 45(10): 1248-1252, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447172

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Calcium silicate-based materials have been proposed as root canal sealers for root canal treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical properties of a new calcium silicate-based sealer (Bio-C Sealer; Angelus, PR, Brazil) compared with a calcium silicate endodontic sealer (TotalFill BC Sealer; FKG Dentaire SA, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland) and an epoxy resin sealer (AH Plus; Dentsply DeTrey, Konstanz, Germany). METHODS: The setting time and flow were evaluated based on ISO 6876 standard. The pH value was evaluated after different time intervals of storage in deionized water (1, 7, 14, and 21 days). Radiopacity was evaluated by radiographic analysis in millimeters of aluminum. Solubility and volumetric change were evaluated after 30 days of immersion in distilled water. Solubility was assessed by mass loss (%), and volumetric change was evaluated by micro-computed tomographic imaging. The data were submitted to analysis of variance and Tukey statistical tests (P < .05). RESULTS: TotalFill BC Sealer and Bio-C Sealer were similar regarding radiopacity, volumetric change, and pH values (P > .05). Bio-C Sealer presented the shortest setting time and the highest flow and solubility (P < .05). AH Plus showed the highest radiopacity and the lowest flow, pH, solubility, and volumetric change (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Bio-C Sealer showed a short setting time, alkalinization ability, and adequate flow and radiopacity as well as low volumetric change. However, this sealer had higher solubility than the rates required by ISO 6876 standard.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Silicatos , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Combinação de Medicamentos , Resinas Epóxi , Teste de Materiais , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Silicatos/química
17.
Gen Dent ; 67(5): 54-57, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31454324

RESUMO

This study was designed to evaluate the effect of a final rinse with 0.2% chitosan solution on the adhesion in roots filled with gutta percha and an epoxy resin based sealer. Thirty extracted human maxillary canines selected to ensure specimen standardization were used in the study. After the coronal portion of each tooth was removed, the roots were instrumented and irrigated with 1% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). Roots were distributed into 3 groups according to the final rinsing solution (n = 10): 0.2% chitosan, 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), or 1% NaOCl. The canals were irrigated with 5 mL of each solution for 5 minutes and then filled with gutta percha cones and the resin based sealer. Ten roots in each group were prepared, sectioned, and submitted to push-out testing. Data were analyzed with analysis of variance and Tukey test (P < 0.05). In the push-out test, final irrigation with chitosan (mean, 0.37 [SD, 0.12] MPa) or EDTA (0.38 [0.11] MPa) resulted in significantly greater bond strength of the sealer to the root canal (P < 0.05) than did irrigation with 1% NaOCl (0.13 [0.04] MPa). The cervical third had greater bond strength than the other thirds (P < 0.05). Adhesive failure was the most frequent type in all groups. A final rinse with 0.2% chitosan or 17% EDTA resulted in greater bond strength of root fillings to the root canal than did 1% NaOCl.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Colagem Dentária , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Quitosana/química , Cavidade Pulpar , Dentina , Resinas Epóxi , Humanos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Hipoclorito de Sódio
18.
J Dent ; 89: 103181, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430509

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop a new method of obturation by warm sealer in conjunction to single cone gutta-percha and evaluate the suitability of this technique to obturate complex root canal systems. METHODOLOGY: Three root canal sealers namely, AH Plus, BioRoot RCS, GuttaFlow and a prototype sealer composed of tricalcium silicate and 30% zirconium oxide mixed with water and water-soluble polymer were investigated. The sealers were tested for flow, film thickness, setting time and radiopacity following ISO 6876 (2012) recommendations at room temperature and following heat application at 100°C to change the sealer properties. All the test sealers were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy. The volume of voids when used with a single cone obturation technique both unmodified and modified by heat was evaluated using microcomputed tomography. RESULTS: Although the prototype sealer was designed to be similar to the BioRoot, its physical properties were found to be different. All sealers tested were affected by the heat and exhibited a change in the physical properties mainly the setting time, flow, film thickness and void volume. CONCLUSIONS: The application of heat affected the sealer properties and void volume. The single cone obturation technique may not be suitable for complex canal anatomy and furthermore, AH Plus should not be subjected to high temperatures as its properties deteriorate and void volume increases.


Assuntos
Guta-Percha/química , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Obturação do Canal Radicular/métodos , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Resinas Epóxi/química , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Silicatos/química , Microtomografia por Raio-X
19.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(8): 1091-1098, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417052

RESUMO

Aims: Our aim was to compare three different voxel sizes of CBCT images for the determination of residual filling material volume in root canals when compared with micro CT. Material and Methods: Forty-two root canals of 14 extracted human maxillary molar teeth were retreated by using ProFile® instruments. Images were obtained after retreatment by using ProMax 3D Max CBCT at 3 different voxel sizes (1) High resolution (0.1 mm); (2) High definition (0.15 mm); and (3) Normal resolution (0.2 mm). Two observers measured volumes of residual filling materials in exported CBCT images by means of 3D Doctor Software. Micro CT measurements were served as gold standard. Mann-Whitney U test and Wilcoxon Test were used for the comparison of CBCT and micro CT measurements. Statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: No statistically differences were found between the two observers for all measurements (P > 0.05). There were no significant differences among different CBCT voxel sizes used (0.1 mm, 0.15 mm, and 0.2 mm) (P > 0.05). The Spearman correlation coefficients between CBCT at different voxel sizes significantly highly correlated with micro CT measurements for each observer (P < 0.05). Furthermore, no significant differences were found between the measurements obtained by the two observers in consideration to root canal location (P > 0.05). Conclusion: CBCT images may provide useful information in the volumetric assessment of the amount of residual filling material in root canals for retreatment procedures.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Retratamento , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Obturação do Canal Radicular/métodos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico Espiral/métodos , Materiais Dentários , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Microtomografia por Raio-X/métodos
20.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e057, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365704

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of peracetic acid (PAA) as a single irrigant on the smear layer, on the intraradicular dentinal bond strength, and on the penetrability of an epoxy-based resin sealer into the dentinal tubules. A total of 120 roots were distributed into 4 groups according to the irrigant used in root canal preparation: 1% PAA (PAA); 2.5% NaOCl followed by final irrigation with 17% EDTA and 2.5% NaOCl (NaOCl-EDTA-NaOCl); 2.5% NaOCl (NaOCl); and saline solution (SS). The smear layer was evaluated using scanning electron microscopy. The bond strength of an epoxy-based resin sealer (AH Plus) to root dentin was evaluated by the push-out test and penetrability of the sealer into dentinal tubules was observed by confocal laser microscopy. The results were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis and the Dunn post-test (α = 0.05). The use of 1% PAA as single root canal irrigant provided smear layer removal and improved the penetrability and bond strength of AH Plus to root dentin in a manner similar to that of the NaOCl-EDTA-NaOCl group (p > 0.05). The NaOCl and SS groups had higher values of smear layer and lower values of sealer penetrability and dentin bond strength than the PAA and NaOCl-EDTA-NaOCl groups (p < 0.05). Thus, 1% PAA has the potential to be used as a single irrigant in root canals.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Resinas Epóxi/química , Ácido Peracético/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Camada de Esfregaço/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Cavidade Pulpar/química , Dentina/química , Ácido Edético/química , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Confocal , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Hipoclorito de Sódio/química
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