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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(14): e25424, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insulin is an essential therapy for treating diabetes, but many patients lack standard insulin injection skills. PURPOSE: We developed a standard training procedure based on a new simulation tool. Then we conducted a study to investigate the effect of this standard training on the ability of diabetic patients to inject themselves with insulin. METHODS: After follow-up, a total of 120 patients with diabetes mellitus were included. These patients needed insulin therapy depending on their condition and had not previously learned insulin injection. We randomly divided them into the intervention group (60 cases) and the control group (60 cases). The control group was trained on insulin injection before being discharged according to the traditional method, and the intervention group was trained based on an improved simulation tool. All participants were trained as individuals or groups. Finally, we evaluated the learning effects of both groups. RESULTS: The time spent at the training stage in the intervention group was shorter than the control group. We found that after applying simulation devices to mimic operations, the learning time for patients was reduced.The first subcutaneous injection success rate was 73.33% in the intervention group, which was significantly higher than that in the control group by 46.67%. The score of the first subcutaneous injection and pre-discharge score in the test group was significantly higher than that of the control group. One month later, the score for injection skills in the 2 groups was higher than that before discharge, and the score in the trial group was still higher than that in the control group. The incidence of subcutaneous fat hyperplasia in the trial group was lower than that in the control group (3.3% vs 15%, P < .05). Moreover, the incidence of hypoglycemia (16.7% vs. 26.7%) was higher in the control group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P = .184). CONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: After applying simulation tools plus operating video and guideline as the standard procedure to train diabetic patients on insulin injection, all patients had a good grasp of using the insulin injection technique. This education method is safe, efficient, and worth promoting worldly.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Insulina/administração & dosagem , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Materiais de Ensino , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Injeções Subcutâneas , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Curva de Aprendizado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Adulto Jovem
2.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(3): 237-41, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798302

RESUMO

This paper analyzes the severe challenges posed by the localization process in the internationalization of Chinese acupuncture and moxibustion to Chinese traditional acupuncture and moxibustion, and the ways to deal with the challenges. It is believed that the lack of deep understanding of the challenges in the process of internationalization of acupuncture and moxibustion is mainly due to the lack of knowledge structure of acupuncture and moxibustion, and the innovation of acupuncture and moxibustion teaching materials is the basis of effectively adjusting the knowledge structure. The direction of the reform of acupuncture and moxibustion teaching materials should separate the modern version of acupuncture and moxibustion that conforms to the nature of science and teach it in parallel with the traditional version of acupuncture and moxibustion. The development of modern acupuncture and moxibustion in line with the nature of science is not only an urgent need to meet the challenges of western acupuncture and moxibustion, but also an internal requirement for the development of acupuncture and moxibustion itself.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Conhecimento , Ensino , Materiais de Ensino
3.
Medisan ; 25(2)mar.-abr. 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1250358

RESUMO

Debido a la escasez de materiales de apoyo para la enseñanza del inglés con fines específicos, surgió la motivación de elaborar un glosario de sinónimos de términos médicos, a fin de facilitar la traducción, interpretación y comunicación de información científico-médica por parte de los profesionales de la salud, tanto en el ámbito nacional como extranjero. Para ello se revisaron diferentes artículos de las especialidades médicas y diccionarios; el producto final consistió en un material denominado "Glosario de sinónimos de términos médicos", cuya validación se realizó a través de la comparación de los resultados académicos, antes y después de su uso, y la opinión de los docentes que lo emplearon.


The motivation of elaborating a glossary of medical terms synonyms emerge due to the lack of support materials for the English language teaching with specific ends, in order to facilitate the translation, interpretation and communication of scientific-medical information for the health professionals, both in the national and foreign environment. Different works of the medical specialties and dictionaries were checked with this purpose; the final product consisted on a material denominated "Glossary of medical terms synonyms" whose validation was carried out through the comparison of the academic results, before and after its use, and the opinion of the teaching staff that used it.


Assuntos
Ensino , Materiais de Ensino , Pessoal de Saúde , Estudantes , Tradução , Idioma
4.
Environ Health Prev Med ; 26(1): 41, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771099

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to develop an education system using DVD video-based teaching materials or web-based learning to reduce sexual violence among teens in Japan. METHODS: During the first stage, June 2018 to March 2019, an education program using DVD video teaching materials was carried out at three high schools and four universities with research consent from the director of the facility. From 1337 high school students and first- and second-year university students, subjects in their teen years were targeted for analysis. A survey was conducted at baseline and after the DVD video teaching. During the second stage, November 2019 to March 2020, web-based learning using improved video teaching materials was developed and carried out. From the adolescents who participated in the web-based learning, subjects in their teen years were targeted for analysis. A survey was conducted at baseline and after the web-based learning. RESULTS: In the first stage, 876 students consented to and participated in the education using DVD video teaching materials and baseline and after surveys (collection rate 65.5%). Among these, the number of respondents in their teens both baseline and after education was 705 persons (valid response rate 80.4%). In the second stage, the number of respondents in their teens both baseline and after education was 250 respondents in their teens who received web-based learning using the improved video teaching materials (valid response rate 87.1%). The improvement effect of the two programs was observed in attitudes that lead to physical violence, attitudes that lead to mental violence, attitudes that promote healthy conflict resolution, and dangerous attitudes that lead to sexual violence from persons in the community or through the Internet. The web-based learning program achieved an improvement of preventive attitudes toward sexual violence. CONCLUSIONS: The education program using DVD video teaching materials or web-based learning may help prevent sexual violence among teens in Japan.


Assuntos
Internet , Delitos Sexuais/prevenção & controle , Materiais de Ensino , Gravação em Vídeo , Adolescente , Discos Compactos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes
5.
Neurosci Lett ; 750: 135740, 2021 04 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600903

RESUMO

Recognizing that STEM disciplines, including neuroscience, have a long way to go to attract and retain diverse talent, educators can take action by being more intentional about their departmental curricula, course design, and pedagogical strategies. A deep body of research suggests that one way we can promote inclusion is through the use of high impact practices (HIPs). These active learning teaching practices promote deep learning and student engagement and have been shown to have a positive differential impact on historically underserved student populations. Here we describe the characteristics of two different types of HIP courses, makerspace classes, and course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs). In addition, we provide ideas for how these courses can be structured to help all students engage and learn. With experience overseeing a large campus-wide program introducing these course types to the curriculum, we also provide insights about faculty experiences and assessment. We propose that including these types of courses in a curriculum can engage a more diverse group of students to choose neuroscience as a major and as a career.


Assuntos
Neurociências/educação , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Materiais de Ensino
6.
Rev. Fund. Educ. Méd. (Ed. impr.) ; 24(1): 54-58, ene.-feb. 2021. ilus, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-202425

RESUMO

Casi todos nosotros, como profesores universitarios, abusamos de las clases magistrales basadas en presentaciones con PowerPoint, empleando todo el tiempo de la clase exclusivamente en trasmitir información para que nuestros alumnos la memoricen. Cada vez más alumnos experimentan estas clases teóricas como una experiencia somnífera, aburrida y pasiva. La gamificación, o game based learning, puede impulsar la motivación y el aprendizaje combinando dinámicas con contenidos a medida y tecnología interactiva con resultados y feedback en tiempo real. Tiene la capacidad de generar un formato lúdico y atractivo, potenciar la participación activa, el debate y la reflexión en el aula, promover las relaciones entre los asistentes y mejorar la retención de mensajes clave o conocimientos que se quieran transmitir. Desde hace dos años, en la unidad docente de Basurto de la Facultad de Medicina y Enfermería de la Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea utilizamos dos herramientas para 'gamificar' nuestra docencia en la asignatura de Dermatología de 4.º curso de Medicina: Socrative(R) y Trivinet(R)


Almost all of us, as university professors, abuse the presentation-based master classes with 'PowerPoint' employing all class time, exclusively in the transmission of the information to be memory- learned. For a growing part of the students the theory class is a sleepy experience, boring and passive. Gamification or 'Game Based Learning' can boost motivation and learning by combining dynamics with tailored content and interactive technology with results and feedback in real time. They have the ability to create a playful and attractive format, promote active participation, debate and reflection in the classroom, promote relationships between attendees and improve the retention of key messages or knowledge that you want to transmit. For 2 years, in the Basurto teaching unit of the Faculty of Medicine and Nursing of the University of the Basque Country (UPV) we have used 2 tools to 'gamify' our teaching in the subject of Dermatology in the 4th year of Medicine: Socrative(R) and Trivinet(R)


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação Médica/tendências , Dermatologia/educação , Desempenho Acadêmico/estatística & dados numéricos , Jogos Experimentais , Materiais de Ensino , Recursos Audiovisuais
8.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e929834, 2021 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454720

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Learning medical English is particularly challenging for non-native English-speaking medical students. The Smart Class teaching module is a new online teaching module for rehabilitation-related medical English, the efficacy of which has yet to be established in the literature. Gender differences should also not be ignored in our study, taking into account the proven performance differences between males and females in language learning. MATERIAL AND METHODS First-year physiotherapy students in Grade 2018 and Grade 2019 at Guangzhou Medical University were recruited to participate in this study. Grade 2019, as the experimental group, completed the Smart Class teaching module, while Grade 2018, as the control group, completed the Traditional Class teaching module. The efficacy of both modules was assessed objectively using the students' medical English exam scores and subjectively using the students' responses to a questionnaire. RESULTS In total, 242 questionnaires were distributed, and 210 valid questionnaires were returned, of which 119 were from the Smart Class teaching module group and 91 were from the Traditional Class teaching module group. There was no statistically significant difference between the medical English exam scores of the 2 groups (P=0.324). However, the subjective assessment revealed that the students experienced a significantly greater burden from the workload in the Smart Class teaching module group (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS We found both the Smart Class teaching module and the Traditional Class teaching module achieved similar teaching outcomes. Therefore, the former represents a viable alternative teaching option for situations where traditional class teaching is not possible.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador/métodos , Especialidade de Fisioterapia/educação , Tradução , Adolescente , China , Instrução por Computador/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Proficiência Limitada em Inglês , Masculino , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/psicologia , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Materiais de Ensino/normas , Adulto Jovem
9.
Rev. enferm. UFPE on line ; 15(1): [1-10], jan. 2021.
Artigo em Português | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1150723

RESUMO

Objetivo: relatar as atividades de monitoria acadêmica desenvolvidas por estudantes de enfermagem. Método: estudo descritivo, tipo relato de experiência, desenvolvido por acadêmicos de enfermagem da Universidade Estadual Vale do Acaraú, referente às atividades de monitoria acadêmica, nos períodos letivos 2019.1 e 2019.2, cujo objetivo foi desenvolver atividades acadêmicos de ensino junto aos docentes. Registraram-se informações referentes às atividades em diário de campo, as quais, posteriormente, analisaram-se e sistematizaram-se neste relato. Resultados: realizaram-se três atividades baseadas em metodologias ativas, nas quais se utilizaram de jogos interativos e instrumento semiestruturado sobre semiologia do sistema nervoso, por meio dos quais, pode-se dialogar sobre os conteúdos, esclarecer dúvidas e aprimorar habilidades e competência dos discentes junto aos docentes. Conclusão: oportunizou-se, com a monitoria, a integração entre teoria e prática, constituindo espaço de diálogo e construção do conhecimento, por meio de metodologias ativas, oportunizando o protagonismo dos monitores e demais discentes no processo de ensino-aprendizagem, mediante a criatividade, proatividade e interatividade.(AU)


Objective: to report academic tutoring activities developed by nursing students. Method: a descriptive experience report was developed by nursing students from the Vale do Acaraú State University covering academic tutoring activities, carried out in the academic periods 2019.1 and 2019.2, whose objective was to develop academic teaching activities. Information related to the activities were recorded in a field diary, which was subsequently analyzed and systematized in this report. Results: three activities were carried out based on active methodologies, in which interactive games and a semi-structured instrument on the nervous system semiology were used, making it possible to discuss contents, clarify doubts, and improve students' skills and competencies with teachers. Conclusion: tutoring allowed the integration between theory and practice, constituting a space for dialogue and knowledge construction through active methodologies, and allowing the protagonism of tutors and other students in the teaching-learning process through creativity, proactivity, and interactivity.(AU)


Objetivo: informar sobre las actividades de tutoría académica desarrolladas por estudiantes de enfermería. Método: se elaboró un relato descriptivo de experiencia de estudiantes de enfermería de la Universidad Estatal Vale do Acaraú sobre las actividades de tutoría académica, realizadas en los períodos académicos 2019.1 y 2019.2, cuyo objetivo fue desarrollar actividades académicas de docencia. La información relacionada con las actividades se registró en un diario de campo, que posteriormente fue analizado y sistematizado en este relato. Resultados: se realizaron tres actividades basadas en metodologías activas, en las que se utilizaron juegos interactivos y un instrumento semiestructurado sobre la semiología del sistema nervioso, que permitió discutir contenidos, aclarar dudas y mejorar las habilidades y competencias de los estudiantes con los docentes. Conclusión: la tutoría permitió la integración entre teoría y práctica, constituyendo un espacio de diálogo y construcción de conocimiento a través de metodologías activas, y permitiendo el protagonismo de los tutores y otros estudiantes en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje a través de la creatividad, proactividad e interactividad.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Educação em Enfermagem , Capacitação de Recursos Humanos em Saúde , Tutoria , Materiais de Ensino , Tecnologia Educacional
10.
Rev. enferm. UFPE on line ; 15(1): [1-13], jan. 2021.
Artigo em Português | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1150968

RESUMO

Objetivo: Relatar a experiência dos discentes da graduação em enfermagem da Universidade Estadual do Ceará acerca do uso de tecnologias educacionais na monitoria acadêmica de Fisiologia Humana e Biofísica. Método: Relato de experiência, de caráter descritivo, vivenciado por monitores da disciplina Fisiologia Humana e Biofísica, de uma instituição de ensino superior, do munícipio de Fortaleza-CE, Brasil, no período de janeiro de 2019 a maio de 2020, com, aproximadamente, 110 estudantes de enfermagem. Resultados: Inspirados pelo modelo freireano, os monitores utilizaram três metodologias alternativas e ativas durante as monitorias: jogos, uso de imagens (projetadas) ilustrando o conteúdo do texto e confecção de estudos dirigidos. Tais tecnologias demonstraram ser instrumentos úteis no desenvolvimento de habilidades fundamentais para o percurso da graduação e o mercado de trabalho, como liderança, trabalho em equipe, busca ao conhecimento, pensamento crítico e resolução de problemas. A partir do uso das tecnologias educacionais na monitoria acadêmica, os monitores desenvolvem autonomia, discernimento e proatividade, necessários ao perfil formativo do enfermeiro. Conclusão: Observou-se que os estudantes se mostraram participativos e satisfeitos durante as monitorias. Ademais, os monitores puderam desenvolver habilidades relevantes para a docência.(AU)


Objective: To report undergraduate nursing students' experiences at the State University of Ceará regarding educational technologies in the academic tutoring on Human Physiology and Biophysics. Method: This is an experience report using a descriptive approach about the experiences of tutors of the Human Physiology and Biophysics course offered by a higher education institution in Fortaleza, CE, Brazil. The study was conducted from January 2019 to May 2020 with approximately 110 nursing students. Results: Inspired by the Freirean model, the tutors used three alternative and active methodologies: games, use of (projected) images illustrating the textual content, and directed studies. The tutors develop autonomy, discernment, and proactivity from educational technologies in academic tutoring necessary for the nurse's training profile. Conclusion: It was observed that the students were participatory and satisfied during the academic tutoring. Besides, the tutors were able to develop skills relevant to teaching.(AU)


Objetivo: relatar las experiencias de discentes de enfermería de la Universidad Estatal de Ceará sobre tecnologías educativas en la tutoría académica en Fisiología Humana y Biofísica. Método: Informe de experiencia con un enfoque descriptivo sobre las experiencias de tutores del curso de Fisiología Humana y Biofísica ofrecido por una institución de educación superior en Fortaleza, CE, Brasil. El estudio se realizó desde enero de 2019 hasta mayo de 2020 con aproximadamente 110 estudiantes de enfermería. Resultados: Inspirados en el modelo freireano, los tutores utilizaron tres metodologías alternativas y activas: juegos, uso de imágenes (proyectadas) que ilustran el contenido del texto y estudios dirigidos. Los tutores desarrollan autonomía, discernimiento y proactividad a partir de las tecnologías educativas en la tutoría académica, necesarias para el perfil formativo del enfermero. Conclusión: Se observó que los discentes fueron participativos y satisfechos durante el seguimiento. Además, los tutores pudieron desarrollar habilidades relevantes para la enseñanza.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Materiais de Ensino , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Tecnologia Educacional , Educação em Enfermagem , Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Capacitação de Recursos Humanos em Saúde , Tutoria , Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem
11.
Ann Plast Surg ; 86(4): 463-468, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32694462

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The quality of perioperative patient education impacts surgical outcomes, patient experiences, and resources needed to address patient concerns and unplanned visits. We examined patient inquiries and education materials to assess the quality of perioperative education and identify areas of targeted improvement for postbariatric surgery body-contouring procedures. METHODS: We examined 100 consecutive postbariatric procedures at an academic center. Themes of patient-generated calls, e-mails, and electronic medical record portal messages during the perioperative period were identified via qualitative analysis. Understandability and actionability of perioperative educational resources were assessed using the Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool (PEMAT). RESULTS: Among 212 communications identified, 167 (79%) were postoperative. Common themes were concerns regarding the surgical site (38%), medications (10%), and activity restrictions (10%). One hundred thirty inquiries were resolved through patient re-education (57%), but 36 (16%) required in-person evaluation including 4 unplanned emergency department visits and 3 readmissions for surgical-site concerns. The PEMAT scores for institutional materials were fair for understandability (69%) and actionability (60%). American Society of Plastic Surgeons materials were more understandable (84%) but less actionable (40%). CONCLUSIONS: Patient queries can be leveraged as a source of qualitative data to identify gaps in perioperative education. High-yield topics, such as education regarding the surgical site and medications, can be targeted for quality improvement through better communication and potentially reduce the number of unnecessary visits. Using the PEMAT, we also identified how directly the education materials can be revised. Improving perioperative education can promote mutual understanding between patients and surgeons, better outcomes, and efficient resource utilization.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde , Comunicação , Compreensão , Humanos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Materiais de Ensino
12.
Anaesthesia ; 76(3): 366-372, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32856291

RESUMO

Airway simulators, or training manikins, are frequently used in research studies for device development and training purposes. This study was designed to determine the anatomic accuracy of the most frequently used low-fidelity airway training manikins. Computerised tomography scans and ruler measurements were taken of the SynDaver® , Laerdal® and AirSim® manikins. These measurements were compared with human computerised tomography (CT) scans (n = 33) from patients at the University of Michigan Medical Center or previously published values. Manikin measurements were scored as a percentile among the distribution of the same measurements in the human population and 10 out of 27 manikin measurements (nine measurements each in three manikins) were outside of two standard deviations from the mean in the participants. All three manikins were visually identifiable as outliers when plotting the first two dimensions from multidimensional scaling. In particular, the airway space between the epiglottis and posterior pharyngeal wall, through which airway devices must pass, was too large in all three manikins. SynDaver, Laerdal and AirSim manikins do not have anatomically correct static dimensions in relation to humans and these inaccuracies may lead to imprecise airway device development, negatively affect training and cause over-confidence in users.


Assuntos
Pesos e Medidas Corporais/métodos , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Manequins , Materiais de Ensino , Traqueia/anatomia & histologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(7): 3513-3519, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151399

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Most patients diagnosed with cancer are administered systemic therapy and these patients are counselled and given printed education (PE) materials. High rates of low health literacy highlight the need to evaluate the quality of these PE materials. METHODS: A current state assessment of the quality of PE materials was conducted in Ontario, Canada. Patient education leaders from 14 cancer centres submitted print materials on the topic of systemic cancer therapy to the assessment team. To report adherence to PE quality and health literacy best practices, the following validated measures were used: readability (FRY, SMOG and Flesch Reading Ease), understandability and actionability (Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool (PEMAT)). Materials at grade level 6 or lower and with PEMAT scores greater than 80% were considered to meet health literacy best practices. RESULTS: A total of 1146 materials were submitted; 366 met inclusion criteria and 83 were selected for assessment. Most materials scored below the 80% target for understandability (x̄ = 73%, 31-100%) and actionability (x̄ = 68%, 20-100%), and above the recommended grade 6 readability level (x̄ = grade 9) meaning that the majority did not meet quality standards or best practices. CONCLUSION: Results suggest that there is significant opportunity to improve the quality of PE materials distributed by cancer centres. The quality of PE materials is a critical safety and equity consideration when these materials convey important safety and self-care directives.


Assuntos
Institutos de Câncer/normas , Letramento em Saúde/normas , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Materiais de Ensino/normas , Canadá , Humanos , Ontário
17.
Belo Horizonte; UFMG; 2021. 16 p.
Monografia em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1180000

RESUMO

Produto do projeto: Impacto da coordenação e acompanhamento do cuidado por telemonitoramento na qualidade da assistência prestada aos usuários do SUS portadores de doenças crônicas, egressos de internação hospitalar em Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Resistência Física , Qualidade de Vida , Respiração , Autocuidado , Materiais de Ensino , Sistema Único de Saúde , Aptidão Física , Educação em Saúde , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/prevenção & controle , Lavagem Nasal/métodos
18.
Patient Educ Couns ; 104(5): 998-1017, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339657

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To conduct a scoping review on the literature on visual aids in health education for persons with low-literacy. METHODS: A scoping review methodology was employed. Pre-defined selection criteria identified 47 studies for inclusion. Data were extracted in relation to: (a) definitions of low-literacy and health literacy, (b) population studied, (c) research country, (d) consent procedures, (e) visual aids used, (f) development of visual aids, and (g) targeted outcomes. RESULTS: Visual aids developed with persons with low-literacy demonstrated statistically significant improvements in health literacy outcomes, with benefits in medication adherence and comprehension also reported. Pictograms and videos were the most effective visual aids. Only one study adapted consent procedures for low-literacy participants. DISCUSSION: Visual aids in health education materials may benefit persons with low-literacy levels, but large gaps in the research base are evident. Experimental research in low- and middle-income countries, with a particular focus on consent for participants with low-literacy is needed. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Visual aid design needs to include stakeholders. Consent procedures and decision-making need to be specifically adapted for participants with low-literacy.


Assuntos
Recursos Audiovisuais , Letramento em Saúde , Compreensão , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Materiais de Ensino
19.
Clin Anat ; 34(1): 108-114, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681805

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had enormous effects on anatomy education. During the pandemic, students have had no access to cadavers, which has been the principal way to learn anatomy since the 17th century. As it is difficult to predict future access to cadavers for students or in-person classes, anatomy educators are encouraged to revisit all possible teaching methods in order to develop innovations. Here, we review anatomy education methods to apply to current and future education.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , COVID-19 , Cadáver , Dissecação , Educação à Distância , Invenções , Impressão Tridimensional , Realidade Virtual , Educação Médica/métodos , Humanos , Plastinação , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Mídias Sociais , Ensino , Materiais de Ensino , Gravação em Vídeo
20.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(spe): e20210023, 2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1253500

RESUMO

Objetivo: descrever a construção e validação do conteúdo e aparência de tecnologia educacional sobre limpeza e desinfecção de brinquedos para ambientes escolares e creches, no contexto de pandemia do coronavírus. Método: Pesquisa metodológica de validação, orientada pela teoria da Psicometria. Realizada em três fases: (1) revisão bibliográfica (2) elaboração da tecnologia educacional (3) avaliação, aperfeiçoamento e validação do conteúdo e aparência da cartilha. Participaram 20 juízes e 16 profissionais da educação infantil. Para garantir a validação, consideramos o índice de validade de conteúdo de, no mínimo, 0,8. Os dados foram tratados no software Statistical Package for Social Science e submetidos à análise descritiva de distribuição de frequências. Resultados: O índice de validade de conteúdo global foi de 0,99 para juízes e 0,96 para o público-alvo. Os domínios da cartilha apresentaram índice de validade de conteúdo superior a 0,8 sugerindo que é um material representativo, quanto à aparência e conteúdo. Conclusão e implicações para prática: A cartilha digital pode ser considerada, no contexto das atividades educativas em enfermagem, instrumento capaz de favorecer orientações claras e confiáveis sobre a limpeza e desinfecção de brinquedos, para ambientes escolares, no cenário de pandemia do novo coronavírus.


Objective: to describe the construction and validation, of content and appearance, of an educational technology on cleaning and disinfecting toys for school environments and daycare centers in the context of the coronavirus pandemic. Method: Validation methodological research, guided by the Psychometry theory. Three phases were carried out, namely: (1) bibliographic review, (2) elaboration of the educational technology, and (3) evaluation, improvement and validation of the content and appearance of the booklet. The participants were 20 evaluators and 16 professionals specialized in early childhood education. To ensure validation, we consider a Content Validity Index of at least 0.8. The data were treated using the Statistical Package for Social Science software and submitted to descriptive analysis of frequency distribution. Results: The global improvement and validation of the content was 0.99 for the evaluators and 0.96 for the target audience. The domains of the booklet showed improvement and content validation above 0.8, suggesting that this is a representative material, in terms of appearance and content. Conclusion and implications for the practice: In the context of educational activities in Nursing, the digital booklet can be considered as an instrument capable of favoring clear and reliable guidance on cleaning and disinfecting toys for school environments in the coronavirus pandemic scenario


Objetivo: describir la construcción y validación, en términos de contenido y apariencia, de tecnología educativa sobre la limpieza y desinfección de juguetes para ambientes escolares y guarderías en el contexto de la pandemia por coronavirus. Método: investigación metodológica de validación, guiada por la teoría de la Psicometría. Se realizó en tres etapas, a saber: (1) revisión bibliográfica, (2) elaboración de la tecnología educativa, y (3) evaluación, mejora y validación del contenido y la apariencia del folleto. Participaron 20 jueces y 16 profesionales de educación infantil. Para garantizar la validación, consideramos un Índice de Validez de Contenido mínimo de 0,8. Los datos se trataron en el software Statistical Package for Social Science y fueron sometidos a análisis descriptivo de distribución de frecuencias. Resultados: El Índice de Calidez de Contenido global fue de 0,99 para los jueces y de 0,96 para el público objetivo. Los dominios del cuadernillo presentaron un Índice de Validez de Contenido superior a 0.8, lo que sugiere que se trata de un material representativo, en términos de apariencia y contenido. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica: En el contexto de las actividades educativas en enfermería, el folleto digital puede considerarse como instrumento capaz de favorecer una orientación clara y confiable sobre la limpieza y desinfección de juguetes para ambientes escolares en el escenario pandémico del coronavirus


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Jogos e Brinquedos , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Materiais de Ensino , Desinfecção/normas , Tecnologia Educacional , COVID-19/prevenção & controle
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