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1.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236750, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745145

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Treatment adherence has been evaluated as a major predictor of long-term outcome, and education has been suggested to improve adherence. Considering the characteristics of adult learners, it is necessary to implement educational programs that meet the needs of transplant patients. Multimedia education may be well-suited for this. This study aims to develop video education materials in accordance with transplant patients' self-care needs. METHODS: This study includes a literature review and patient interviews aimed at developing video education materials for the self-care needs of patients who underwent renal transplant surgery at a university hospital in Seoul. Ten patients were interviewed about the desired educational content, accessibility, and other preferences. After verifying the validity of the data, the video scenarios were produced and satisfaction surveys were conducted. RESULTS: Eleven self-care education items were identified through interviews with 10 kidney transplant patients. The expert validation of video-based educational content result was high (mean CVI = 0.94). The mean score of the patients' satisfaction evaluation of the completed 7-minute video instructional materials was also high (4.55 on a 5-point Likert scale). CONCLUSION: Findings indicate that the video education materials will meet the needs of adult learners and mitigate the limitations of the existing education programs by increasing interest and motivation and may contribute to increased treatment adherence and ultimately, positively effect self-care for new transplant patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim/educação , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Multimídia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Materiais de Ensino
3.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1262: 39-57, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32613579

RESUMO

Novel scientific concepts must be made understandable to allow their further development, highlighting the need for better communication of abstract ideas that these discoveries are built upon. This project focused on visually communicating the discovery of microbiome-derived molecules that play a major role in microbiome-gut-brain axis communication through multimedia learning.A 4-min animated video that was segmented and used a combination of 2D and 3D models was created. It communicated the important information about the process of discovering the molecules in mouse models, their production by bacteria and their potential implications for human health. The animation was then provided to a scientific audience, alongside a short-answer survey and a Likert scale, to assess how visual aspects accompanied with narration compare to learning and comprehension of the same content if it is read.The findings are based on the total of 15 participants, 9 of which were exposed to the information via animation (Group A) and 6 who were given information in a form of written narrative (Group B). It was found that Group A scored average M = 15 (out of 25) on the post assessment compared to Group B with an average of M = 7. Higher scores correlated with higher rating on questions about perceived understanding through animated media. Additionally, the animation scored higher on helpfulness in learning abstract ideas, especially having to do with structure and spatial navigation. This indicates that scientific abstract concepts that are likely comprehended are needed in order to make definite conclusions.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Intestinos , Fisiologia , Materiais de Ensino , Animais , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Comunicação , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Humanos , Intestinos/fisiologia , Camundongos , Fisiologia/educação , Materiais de Ensino/normas , Gravação em Vídeo/normas
4.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1262: 183-202, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32613584

RESUMO

This chapter presents a methodological framework which could be used to produce accurate anatomical 3D models and animations of the developing skull, with a focus on the temporal bone. Initial modelling is based on information from core texts and visual references, before optimising these models for use in interactive real-time applications. A series of 3D modelling and animation workflows typically used in computer games and animation industry were tested and compared. Workflows most suitable for the production of a 3D visualisation of the developing temporal bone were documented in detail and used to produce the final 3D models. 3D models of the developing temporal bone were then implemented in an interactive mobile application, which allowed users to explore the 3D models on their Android mobile device and use augmented reality to enhance real-world information. Results of tests conducted in this research suggest that 3D modelling workflows which mimic the processes occurring during development of the temporal bone are most suitable for producing realistic 3D models. Animation workflows tested in this research have all shown potential to produce morphing animations of the developing temporal bone. The significant time required to create deformation setups and animations themselves however suggests that using scripting to automate these workflows would increase their usability in projects with a limited timeframe.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Ósseo , Modelos Anatômicos , Osteologia , Osso Temporal , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Aplicativos Móveis/normas , Osteologia/educação , Materiais de Ensino/normas , Osso Temporal/crescimento & desenvolvimento
7.
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 133(2): 34-37, jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119932

RESUMO

El objetivo de la enseñanza de Enfermedades Infecciosas en el Ciclo Clínico de la Carrera de Medicina de la Facultad de Medicina de la UBA es desarrollar los contenidos de la asignatura que le permitan al alumno adquirir las competencias, habilidades y destrezas necesarias para el ejercicio de la Atención Primaria de la Salud. Las guías didácticas constituyen un recurso del proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje que tienen el propósito de orientar metodológicamente al estudiante en su actividad independiente, al mismo tiempo que sirven de apoyo a la dinámica del proceso docente y orientan la actividad del alumno en su aprendizaje. Es el documento que orienta el estudio, acercando a los procesos cognitivos del alumno el material didáctico, con el fin de que pueda trabajarlos. Una guía de estudios en la signatura Enfermedades Infecciosas es una herramienta colaborativa en el cumplimiento de las metas propuestas.


The primary function of the teaching of Infectious Diseases in the Clinical Cycle of the Medical Career of the UBA School of Medicine is to develop the contents of the subject that allow the student to acquire the necessary skills, abilities and skills for the exercise of Primary Health Care. The didactic guides are a resource of the teaching-learning process that have the purpose of methodologically guiding the student in their independent activity, at the same time that they support the dynamics of the teaching process and guide the student's activity in their learning. It is the document which guides the study, bringing the teaching material closer to the cognitive processes of the student, so that he can work on them. A study guide in the Infectious Diseases subject is a collaborative tool in fulfilling the proposed goals.


Assuntos
Educação Médica/métodos , Infectologia/educação , Guias de Estudo como Assunto , Argentina , Faculdades de Medicina/organização & administração , Materiais de Ensino , Doenças Transmissíveis , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/métodos
8.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 50(1): 21-27, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564533

RESUMO

After the policy adjustment of traditional Chinese medicine, it was the publication of Introduction to Traditional Chinese Medicine that really solved the problem of learning traditional Chinese medicine for western medicine doctors and basic teaching materials of traditional Chinese medicine. This traditional Chinese medicine book with the largest sales volume in that year, met the needs of the ministry of health after the reorganization and the historical stage in many aspects, and also preliminarily realized the reconstruction of the academic system of traditional Chinese medicine, affecting more than a generation. 60 years has passed, many problems are worth thinking deeply.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Materiais de Ensino , Livros de Texto como Assunto , Educação Médica
9.
Washington, D.C.; OPS; 2020-06-17.
em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52295

RESUMO

Esta segunda edición de Medios auxiliares para el diagnóstico de las parasitosis intestinales tienen por objeto servir tanto de manual dirigido a los trabajadores de laboratorio y sobre el terreno en países con endemicidad, como de material didáctico para los estudiantes y las personas en formación. En este documento se ofrece orientación para elegir la preparación en los diferentes métodos copromicroscópicos y la técnica de tinción principal para el diagnóstico de los parásitos intestinales (nematodos, trematodos, cestodos y protozoos). Las microfotografías presentan la apariencia y las características diagnósticas de los diferentes parásitos en las diversas preparaciones. Los medios auxiliares se elaboraron en un formato plastificado impermeable que es sólido y fácil de usar en la mesa de laboratorio. Se recomienda su uso a todos los profesionales de salud que se ocupan del diagnóstico corriente de las parasitosis intestinales.


Assuntos
Doenças Parasitárias , Materiais de Ensino , Técnicas e Procedimentos Diagnósticos , Microscopia , Enteropatias , Enteropatias Parasitárias
10.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(4): 445-9, 2020 Apr 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32275378

RESUMO

Through collecting the literature data of the needling technique with filiform needle in 20 acupuncture-moxibustion teaching materials in the Republic of China, the manipulation techniques with filiform needle were analyzed, such as the technique of needle insertion, the technique of reinforcing and reducing, and the management of acupuncture abnormal conditions, as well as manual techniques and analgesics methods. It is found that the era of the Republic of China was the transition period of traditional acupuncture techniques to the modern ones in acupuncture-moxibustion teaching materials, in which, the twirling technique was predominated in the technique of needle insertion. In that period, the insertion technique of tube needle had been introduced and simplified, the theory and method of the new-style technique of reinforcing and reducing were emerged and the types of acupuncture abnormal conditions recorded in the teaching materials were different from those at present. Additionally, the applicable manipulation had not been specified nationally. There were the highly influential teaching materials, i.e. Advanced Acupuncture and Moxibustion Teaching Materials: Science of Acupuncture and Science of Moxibustion, Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion Teaching Materials and New Acupuncture and Moxibustion. The acupuncture-moxibustion teaching materials in the Republic of China has been influenced by the transition of acupuncture-moxibustion education modes, the introduction of Chinese-translation version of Japanese acupuncture-moxibustion books, the academic thoughts of acupuncture masters and the manufacturing process of needle devices.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Acupuntura/educação , Moxibustão , Taiwan , Materiais de Ensino
11.
World Neurosurg ; 139: 427-433, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32305601

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether educational material about hydrocephalus and its treatment previously developed by health professionals corresponded with the daily life of caregivers of children with hydrocephalus. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study at a university hospital in Brazil, interviewing 32 informal caregivers of children with hydrocephalus. The methodological framework of Bardin content analysis was used to analyze the data. RESULTS: The educational material adequately represented caregivers' experience regarding daily life, surgery experiences, and care needed by children with hydrocephalus. In addition, the educational material may help to identify the signs and symptoms of ventriculoperitoneal shunt. However, the material did not address the limitations of children disabled with hydrocephalus in daily life. CONCLUSIONS: From the perspective of informal caregivers of children with hydrocephalus, the educational material corresponded with families' daily life and surgical experience and may be used by health professionals to reinforce important points for the care for children with hydrocephalus, facilitating the health education process.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/educação , Educação em Saúde , Hidrocefalia , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Materiais de Ensino
12.
Rev Saude Publica ; 54: 26, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187313

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Clear Communication Index instrument from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC-CCI) from English to Brazilian Portuguese. METHODS: This study comprised initial discussion about the conceptual equivalence of the instrument by a committee formed by experts on health education. We performed translations, synthesis of translations, back-translations, revision by the committee, and linguistic revision. Semantic equivalence was obtained by analyzing the referential and general meaning of each item by the committee, resulting in a pre-final version of the instrument. Subsequently, thirty professionals with health sciences degrees performed a pre-test. These professionals used the pre-final version of the instrument to assess a health education material. A questionnaire was applied to evaluate the acceptability of the instrument, the understanding of each of the 20 items, as well as the individual and professional variables. We analyzed the scores attributed to the health education material, the variables related to healthcare professionals, the proportions of the acceptability of the instrument, and the comprehension of each item. RESULTS: After we obtained the conceptual equivalence of the instrument, the committee of experts, the instrument's main author, and the linguist produced the pre-final version using two translations, a synthesis of the translations, and two back-translations. A general equivalence was maintained in 15 of the 20 items (75%), four of the items were slightly altered (20%), and one item was very altered (5%). Nineteen items presented referential equivalence or near equivalence (95%). We then carried out with the pre-test, in which the professionals used the pre-final version. Two items in the domains of "risks" and "main message" were unclear and needed to be revised. CONCLUSION: The process of cross-cultural adaptation of the Clear Communication Index provided an adapted version to the Brazilian Portuguese language.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Comunicação em Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Brasil , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Idioma , Diferencial Semântico , Materiais de Ensino , Traduções
13.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): e42744, jan.- mar.2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096022

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analisar conteúdos de alimentação e nutrição nos livros didáticos de Ciências do 5º, 6º e 7° anos do ensino fundamental da rede pública. Método: Foram avaliados 100% dos exemplares (n=39) aprovados nos Guias dos Livros de Ciências do Programa Nacional do Livro Didático de 2016 e 2017. Identificou-se presença ou ausência de oito temas nos livros: Alimentação e desenvolvimento; Hábitos alimentares e influências culturais e sociais; Alimentação, nutrição e saúde; Sistemas alimentares; Rotulagem nutricional; Higiene, conservação e preparo dos alimentos; Mídia e saúde; e Alimentação escolar. Analisou-se a qualidade de textos e imagens por parâmetros como adequação à série, clareza, desenvolvimento e contextualização e/ou grau de relação textual e imagética e nível de atualização. Por meio de pontos atribuídos, os conteúdos foram categorizados em fraco, regular, bom ou excelente. Resultados: A maioria dos livros obteve pouca abordagem alimentar e nutricional. O tema "Alimentação e desenvolvimento" esteve em apenas 55,4% dos livros do quinto ano, não sendo aprofundado posteriormente. Alguns temas apresentaram textos classificados como regulares ou bons. Nenhum texto foi considerado fraco. Notou-se frequente abordagem sobre pirâmides alimentares. Verificou-se ausência e/ou falta de desenvolvimento quanto à higienização dos alimentos. Todos os exemplares apresentaram textos e imagens adequados à série. Conclusão: "Mídia e saúde", "Alimentação escolar", "Alimentação, nutrição e saúde" e "Rotulagem nutricional" são temas pouco presentes nos livros, mas quando abordados, tiveram classificação excelente. Os demais temas, apesar de frequentes, precisam de aprimoramentos na qualidade da abordagem. (AU)


Objective: The food and nutrition content was analyze in science textbooks used the fifth, sixth, and seventh grades in Brazilian public elementary schools. Methods: We evaluated 100% of the texts (n = 39) approved by the Science Book Guides of the National Textbook Program for 2016 and 2017. The presence or absence of eight themes was identified in the books: Food and development; Eating habits and cultural and social influences; Food, nutrition, and health; Food systems; Nutritional labeling; Hygiene, conservation, and preparation of food; Media and health; and School feeding. The quality of texts and images was analyzed by parameters such as suitability for the grade; clarity; development and contextualization; and/or degree of relationship between text and illustration; and level of updating. Through points assigned, the contents were categorized as weak, fair, good, or excellent. Results: Most of the books contained little dietary and nutritional approach. The theme "Food and development" was in only 55.4% of books in the fifth year and not further explored later. Some themes presented texts classified as regular or good. No text was considered weak. A frequent approach to food pyramids was noted. Food hygiene was absence or poorly development. All copies presented texts and illustration suitable for the series. Conclusion: "Media and health", "School feeding", "Food, nutrition, and health" and "Nutritional labeling" are themes that are not often present in the books, but when addressed, they received an excellent rating. The other themes, although frequent, need improvements in the quality of the approach. (AU)


Assuntos
Materiais de Ensino , Educação Alimentar e Nutricional , Ensino Fundamental e Médio , Comportamento Alimentar , Alimentos, Dieta e Nutrição
15.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228702, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053634

RESUMO

AIM OF THE STUDY: Bystander-initiated basic life support (BLS) for the treatment of prehospital cardiac arrest increases survival but is frequently not performed due to fear and a lack of knowledge. A simple flowchart can improve motivation and the quality of performance. Furthermore, guidelines do recommend a chest compression (CC)-only algorithm for dispatcher-assisted bystander resuscitation, which may lead to increased fatigue and a loss of compression depth. Consequently, we wanted to test the hypothesis that CCs are more correctly delivered in a flowchart-assisted standard resuscitation algorithm than in a CC-only algorithm. METHODS: With the use of a manikin model, 84 laypersons were randomized to perform either flowchart-assisted standard resuscitation or CC-only resuscitation for 5min. The primary outcome was the total number of CCs. RESULTS: The total number of correct CCs did not significantly differ between the CC-only group and the standard group (63 [±81] vs. 79 [±86]; p = 0.394; 95% CI of difference: 21-53). The total hand-off time was significantly lower in the CC-only group than in the standard BLS group. The relative number of correct CCs (the fraction of the total number of CCs achieving 5-6cm) and the level of exhaustion after BLS did not significantly differ between the groups. CONCLUSION: Standard BLS did not lead to an increase in correctly delivered CCs compared to CC-only resuscitation and exhibited significantly more hand-off time. The low rate of CCs in both groups indicates the need for an increased focus on performance during BLS training.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Adolescente , Adulto , Efeito Espectador , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Manequins , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Materiais de Ensino , Adulto Jovem
16.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 942020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959740

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: One in four pregnant women has at least one fall during their pregnancy. The objective of this research was to develop a written educational material on fall prevention for pregnant women, promoting self-efficacy and the expectations of results based on the social cognitive theory. It was also intended to evaluate the validity of the content of the educational material, its understanding and actionability. METHODS: This methodological study was carried out in two phases: the first was based on the development of educational material and its evaluation by two panels of experts (n=13). Secondly, the educational material was evaluated for organization, clarity, appearance, relevance, content, self-efficacy and expectations of results, using an evaluation sheet created by the researchers, as well as its understanding and actionability using the PEMAT instrument. Descriptive statistics are used for sociodemographic variables and the results of the evaluation instruments. RESULTS: Recommendations on the organization, clarity of information, appearance in terms of image quality, relevance, self-efficacy, expectation of results and safety aspects were met. In the evaluation carried out by the content expert panel, an average of 87.8% and 91.6% was obtained in the areas of actionability and understanding of PEMAT-P, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study develops an educational material with content validity, highly understandable and actionable on the falls incident, their causes and consequences, strategies to prevent them, the benefits of exercising and the recommendation of exercises to prevent falls during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Complicações na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Materiais de Ensino , Adulto , Compreensão , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Teoria Psicológica , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Autoeficácia , Espanha
17.
World Neurosurg ; 134: e1108-e1114, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Internet has become a popular resource for patients to research diagnosed or suspected medical diseases. Medical institutions provide comprehensive online education resources about various conditions to the general public. The U.S. National Institutes of Health and American Medical Association recommend that patient education materials aimed at the general population should be written at or below eighth-grade reading level. The goal of this study is to assess the readability of patient education materials for central nervous system tumors across tertiary-care institutions. METHODS: Patient education materials were collected from National Cancer Institute designated cancer centers in October 2019. Materials were analyzed by Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL) and Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) score using Microsoft Office Word software. Subgroups were formed based on regions in the United States (Northeast, Southeast, Midwest, Southwest, and West) as well as diagnostic and treatment information. RESULTS: A total of 180 documents were collected across 50 institutions. Overall median FKGL was 12.5, and median FRE was 38.2. Median FKGL for diagnostic information was 11.6 and FRE was 43.0, whereas median FKGL for treatment information was 12.9 and median FRE was 34.3. No statistically significant differences were seen for both FKGL and FRE among geographic regions (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Online neuro-oncology patient education materials from tertiary institutions are written above recommended reading levels. Future efforts should be taken to improve the readability of brain tumor-specific patient education materials, particularly with information relating to treatment.


Assuntos
Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central , Letramento em Saúde , Internet , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/normas , Materiais de Ensino/normas , Compreensão , Humanos , Centros de Atenção Terciária
18.
Clin Anat ; 33(1): 2-11, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30144175

RESUMO

This paper summarizes 10 research-based principles for how to design effective multimedia instruction in medical education involving anatomy. Clin. Anat. 32:2-11, 2019. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , Educação Médica , Multimídia , Materiais de Ensino , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos
20.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 1045-1049, jan.-dez. 2020. fig
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1118709

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descrever o processo de implantação de Planos de Alta na Clínica Cirúrgica de um hospital de grande porte de Salvador - Bahia. Método: Relato de experiência que descreve aspectos relacionados a elaboração, atualização e implantação de cinco planos de alta hospitalar de enfermagem para pacientes atendidos nessa clínica cirúrgica. Foram direcionados aos seguintes procedimentos cirúrgicos: hernioplastias, colecistectomia, histerectomia, amputação e prostatectomia. Resultados: Foram atualizados cinco planos de alta, os quais foram analisados pela coordenadora de enfermagem, médico cirurgião geral e supervisora do componente obrigatório; após sugestões e alterações realizadas, foram encaminhados para a Comissão de Padronização desse Hospital para serem implantados nas Unidades de Clínica Cirúrgica. Conclusão: A experiência possibilitou a afirmação dos instrumentos como um importante material didático para os pacientes sobre as condutas pós-cirúrgicas e para o enfermeiro, que através desse material consegue direcionar as orientações necessárias


Objective: To describe the process of Alta Plans deployment in the Surgical Clinic of a large hospital in Salvador (BA). Method: Experience report describing aspects of the development, updating and implementation of five hospital plans nursing for surgical patients treated in this clinic. They were directed to the following surgical procedures: hernioplastias, cholecystectomy, hysterectomy, prostatectomy and amputation. Results: Five plans have been updated high, which were analyzed by the coordinating nurse, doctor and surgeon general supervisor of the mandatory component; after suggestions and changes made, it was referred to the Standards Commission that Hospital to be deployed in Surgery Units. Conclusion: The experience allowed the affirmation of instruments as an important educational materials for patients about post-surgical procedures and for nurses, that through this material can direct the necessary


Objetivo: Describir el proceso de implementación de los Planes de Alta en la clínica quirúrgica de un gran hospital en Salvador (BA). Método: Relato de experiencia que describe los aspectos del desarrollo, actualización y aplicación de los cinco planes hospitalarios de enfermería para pacientes quirúrgicos tratados en esta clínica. Ellos se dirigieron a los siguientes procedimientos quirúrgicos: hernioplastias, colecistectomía, histerectomía, la prostatectomía y amputación. Resultados: Cinco fueron actualizados a los planes de alto, que fueron analizadas por la coordinación de la enfermera, médico y cirujano supervisor general del componente obligatorio; después sugerencias y cambios realizados, se refirió a la Comisión de Normas que el Hospital que se desplegarán en las Unidades de Cirugía. Conclusión: La experiencia permitió a la afirmación de instrumentos como un importante material educativo para los pacientes sobre los procedimientos post-quirúrgicas y para las enfermeras, que a través de este material puede dirigir la orientación necesaria


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Alta do Paciente , Materiais de Ensino , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Cuidados de Enfermagem
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