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1.
Rev. urug. enferm ; 17(2): 1-15, dic. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1392443

RESUMO

Objetivo. Conhecer o processo de integração de Tecnologias Digitais de Informação e Comunicação (TDIC), facilidades e limites percebidos por docentes de um curso de graduação em Enfermagem. Metodologia. Estudo descritivo e exploratório, de abordagem qualitativa, realizado no ano de 2018, com nove docentes de um curso graduação de Enfermagem de uma universidade pública localizada no interior cearense. Para o processo de produção dos dados, foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas e procedeu-se à análise de conteúdo. Resultados. As TDIC têm sido integradas às práticas docentes em diferentes perspectivas, em atividades teóricas e práticas, a partir do uso de aplicativos móveis de simulação de práticas, redes sociais, links para websites, grupos de WhatsApp® e vídeos-aulas. Ademais, a integração dessas tecnologias amplia a criação de estratégias que promovem a participação ativa do educando, oferecendo espaços de reflexão, autonomia, bem como o desenvolvimento da criatividade. Os docentes destacam a interatividade e comunicação, o acesso a recursos que não estão disponíveis na Universidade, como modelos anatômicos, manequins/simuladores de procedimentos de Enfermagem. Dentre os limites, as questões estruturais, de acesso à internet, ausência de políticas institucionais e educação permanente são fatores que demandam maior atenção para que aconteça uma efetiva integração pedagógica das TDIC. Conclusão. Embora represente um processo inicial, percebe-se um potencial para continuidade e expansão das TDIC em diferentes ambientes e disciplinas. Esforços têm sido empreendidos pelos docentes para integrar essas tecnologias ao contexto das atividades pedagógicas no curso de Enfermagem.


Objective. The objective of this study is to know the integration process of Digital Technologies of Information and Communication (DTIC), facilities and limits perceived by professors of an undergraduate course in Nursing. Methods. Descriptive and exploratory study, with a qualitative approach, carried out in 2018, with nine professors from an undergraduate Nursing course at a public university located in the interior of Ceará. For the data production process, semi-structured interviews were conducted and content analysis was carried out. Results. DTIC have been integrated into teaching practices from different perspectives, in theoretical and practical activities, using mobile practice simulation applications, social networks, links to websites, WhatsApp® groups and video-lessons. Furthermore, the integration of these technologies increases the creation of strategies that promote the active participation of the student, offering spaces for reflection, autonomy, as well as the development of creativity and collaboration. Teachers highlight interactivity and communication, access to resources that are not available at the University, such as anatomical models, simulators of nursing procedures. Among the limits, structural issues, access to the internet, absence of institutional policies and permanent education are factors that demand greater attention for an effective pedagogical integration of DTIC. Conclusion. Although it represents an initial process of use, there is a potential for continuity and expansion of DTIC in different environments and disciplines. Efforts have been undertaken by teachers to integrate these technologies into the context of pedagogical activities in the Nursing course.


Objetivo. Conocer el proceso de integración de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación Digitales (TDIC), facilidades y límites percibidos por profesores de un curso de grado en Enfermería. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo y exploratorio, con abordaje cualitativo, realizado en 2018, con nueve profesores de curso de grado en Enfermería de una universidad pública ubicada en el interior de Ceará. Para el proceso de producción de datos se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas y análisis de contenido. Resultado. Las TDIC se han integrado en las prácticas docentes desde diferentes perspectivas, en actividades teóricas y prácticas, utilizando aplicaciones de simulación de prácticas móviles, redes sociales, enlaces a sitios web, grupos de WhatsApp® y video-lecciones. Además, la integración de estas tecnologías incrementa la creación de estrategias que promueven la participación activa del alumno, ofreciendo espacios de reflexión, autonomía, así como el desarrollo de la creatividad y la colaboración. Los docentes destacan la interactividad y la comunicación, el acceso a recursos que no están disponibles en la Universidad, como modelos anatómicos, maniquíes/simuladores de procedimientos de enfermería. Entre los límites, las cuestiones estructurales, el acceso a internet, la ausencia de políticas institucionales y la educación permanente son factores que demandan mayor atención para que se produzca una efectiva integración pedagógica de las TDIC. Conclusión. Aunque represente un proceso inicial de uso, existe un potencial de continuidad y expansión de las TDIC en diferentes entornos y disciplinas. Los profesores han hecho esfuerzos para integrar estas tecnologías en el contexto de las actividades pedagógicas en el curso de Enfermería.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Tecnologia Educacional/métodos , Educação em Enfermagem , Tecnologia da Informação , Tecnologia Digital/métodos , Aprendizagem , Materiais de Ensino , Universidades , Brasil , Docentes de Enfermagem
2.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0277888, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36441678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment failure and disease relapse among tuberculosis (TB) patients are commonly caused by non-adherence. It can lead to prolonged infection, increased transmission, drug resistance, and loss of life. Even though the causative microorganism of TB has been identified for more than a century, the disease is still a substantial public health problem worldwide. This research aims to devise, implement, and assess an educational intervention to improve adherence to TB treatment. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A randomised clinical trial involving 146 Sudanese TB patients will be conducted at the Abu Anga hospital in Khartoum. The participants will be randomly assigned to the intervention and control groups. A 2-hour session will be offered to the intervention group in a one-day TB educational intervention course. The same educational materials will also be provided to the control group after the randomised controlled trial (RCT). Data will be collected at baseline, one month, and four months after the intervention. The primary outcome of interest is TB treatment adherence, while secondary outcomes include quality of life score, tuberculosis knowledge, and health belief domains. Generalised estimating equations (GEE) in SPSS software version 25.0 will be utilised to evaluate the changes over time. CONCLUSIONS: This trial will provide information that could be used in improving TB control strategies to achieve better results in the adherence of healthcare services to the norms of the National Program and patient adherence to the disease treatment and cure. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study is registered at TCTR: (TCTR20210607006).


Assuntos
Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Tuberculose , Humanos , Tuberculose/tratamento farmacológico , Materiais de Ensino , Conhecimento , Falha de Tratamento , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
3.
Nagoya J Med Sci ; 84(3): 526-538, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36237892

RESUMO

We developed a new interactive web-based teaching material to improve lung auscultation skills. Our objective was to investigate the effectiveness of the web-based teaching material on nurses with less than one-year work experience, using a prospective, open-label, stratified block randomized controlled trial. Of the 69 participants, 23, 22, and 24 participants were assigned to the web-based, paper-based, and control (with no intervention) groups, respectively. Using a simulator, a discrimination test on seven lung sounds, such as "normal," "wheeze," "rhonchi," "coarse crackles," "fine crackles," "left lung diminish," and "right lung absent," was conducted. Next, a post-test was conducted after one-week of training. Answers with formal names were considered "correct"; those with common names, misspellings, and without left and right parts were considered "insufficient"; and wrong answers were considered "incorrect." The control group showed no significant difference between the pre-test and post-test for any lung sounds. The paper-based group showed significant improvement in performance for "wheeze" (p=0.004) and "coarse crackles" (p=0.035). The web-based group showed a significant improvement in performance for "fine crackles" (p=0.026). The number of correct answers in the post-test was higher in the paper- and web-based groups than the control group (p=0.023). The web-based teaching materials that we had developed effectively improved the ability of new graduate nurses to auscultate lung sounds. Additionally, the results suggest that the combined use of web- and paper-based teaching materials may be more effective since the sounds that each method enhanced their ability to auscultate different lung sounds.


Assuntos
Auscultação , Sons Respiratórios , Humanos , Pulmão , Estudos Prospectivos , Materiais de Ensino
4.
Rehabilitación (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 56(4): 320-327, Oct-Dic. 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-210844

RESUMO

Objetivo: En Madrid, durante la pandemia por COVID-19, debido a la saturación hospitalaria se precisó la medicalización de hoteles para traslado de pacientes infectados por SARS-CoV-2 con evolución favorable. Su situación clínica tipo era de fatiga y desacondicionamiento físico, precisando y beneficiándose de un abordaje rehabilitador. El Servicio de Rehabilitación desarrolló material educativo en formato de papel sobre ejercicio terapéutico adaptado a las diferentes situaciones funcionales detectadas. El objetivo es describir el perfil de pacientes ingresados en un hotel medicalizado y analizar el grado de satisfacción y adherencia al ejercicio pautado durante el ingreso y en domicilio y los factores relacionados. Material y método: Estudio descriptivo de pacientes ingresados en el Hotel Colón durante dos meses de 2020, con análisis de variables socio demográficas, y de cuestionarios con respecto al grado de adherencia y satisfacción del tratamiento rehabilitador durante ingreso y al alta. Resultado: Participaron 100 pacientes con una edad media de 52 años±14.5, donde el 61% (n=61) fueron mujeres. El 99% (n=99) refirió comprender los ejercicios, los realizaron durante el ingreso el 90% (n=90), mientras un 58% (n=58) los continuó al alta. El 92% (n=92) se mostró «muy satisfecho» con el material educativo, considerándolo fácil de realizar en el 100% (n=100) de los casos. Conclusión: Los pacientes se mostraron satisfechos con el material educativo, fueron ejercicios comprensibles y tuvieron adherencia durante el ingreso y en domicilio. El material educativo en formato papel podría considerarse una herramienta útil para el manejo de pacientes con infección por SARS-CoV-2.(AU)


Objective: In Madrid, during the pandemic, due to hospital saturation, medicalisation of hotels was required for the transfer of patients infected by SARS-CoV-2 with favourable evolution. Their typical clinical situation was one of fatigue and physical deconditioning, requiring and benefiting from a rehabilitative approach. The Rehabilitation Department developed educational material in paper format on therapeutic exercise adapted to the different functional situations detected. To describe the profile of patients admitted to a medicalised hotel and to analyse the degree of satisfaction, utility and adherence to the exercise prescribed during hospitalisation and at home and the related factors. Material and method: We conducted a descriptive study of patients admitted to the Hotel Colon during April and May 2020. We analysed the socio-demographic and clinical variables, as well as the responses to the adherence and satisfaction questionnaires about rehabilitation management during admission and at discharge. Results: 100 patients participated in the study with a mean age of 52±14.5 years, where 61% (n=61) were women. 99% (n=99) reported they understood the material with a 90% (n=90) adherence to exercise during admission and 58% (n=58) at discharge. 92% (n=92) were “very satisfied” with the educational material and considered it easy to perform in 100% (n=100) of cases. Conclusion: The use of paper-based educational material of therapeutic exercise appears to be an effective resource in the management of patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection during admission, thus minimising the exposure of healthcare staff.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pacientes Internados , Vírus da SARS , Infecções por Coronavirus , Betacoronavirus , Materiais de Ensino , Pandemias , Transferência de Pacientes , Espanha , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Reabilitação
6.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 22(2): 385-398, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387184

RESUMO

Abstract Objectives: to conduct the semantic validation of the images and text in educational material about eating and lifestyle for overweight women in different stages of pregnancy. Methods: qualitative, descriptive, analytical, cross-sectional study with focus groups for adapting and semantically validating the messages and images of educational material for women in three moments of the pre-natal period, as well as the support scripts for healthcare providers. The Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research (COREQ - Portuguese acronym) were considered. Results: participants of this study were seven pregnant women aged 21 to 40 who were in pre-natal care and 17 nutritionists aged 25 to 51. The folder was validated over seven meetings with the focus group, with one-week intervals between the groups. For each folder there were at least two meetings with focus groups, and one meeting for each script. The language was adjusted for the messages, and two images were changed to improve the self-identification of pregnant women. Technical and didactic adaptations were suggested for the scripts. Conclusion: images and text were semantically adapted; the instrument is easy to use in primary and secondary healthcare, providing support for pregnant women and healthcare providers on the subject of eating habits and lifestyle for overweight women in different stages of pregnancy.


Resumo Objetivos: realizar validação semântica de imagem e texto de material educativo sobre alimentação e estilo de vida para diferentes etapas da gestação de mulheres com sobrepeso. Métodos:. estudo qualitativo, descritivo e analítico, transversal, para adaptação e validação semântica de mensagens e imagens, com grupos focais, de material educativo para gestantes em três períodos do pré-natal e de roteiros de apoio direcionados aos profissionais de saúde. Foram observados os Critérios Consolidados para Relatos de Pesquisa Qualitativa (COREQ) Resultados: participaram do estudo sete gestantes adultas entre 21 e 40 anos em atendimento de pré-natal e 17 nutricionistas entre 25 e 51 anos. A validação dos folders constituiu-se em sete sessões de grupo focal com intervalo de uma semana entre os grupos. Para cada folder, aconteceram pelo menos dois encontros com grupos focais e para a construção de cada roteiro foi realizado um encontro. Foram realizados ajustes da linguagem paras as mensagens e mudança de duas imagens para melhorar a autoidentificação das gestantes. Foram propostas adaptações textuais nos roteiros de conteúdo técnico e didático. Conclusão: o material educativo foi adaptado semântica e imageticamente, sendo um instrumento didático de fácil acesso para ser empregado na atenção primária e secundária à saúde, apoiando gestantes e profissionais da saúde sobre alimentação e estilo de vida.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Materiais de Ensino , Educação Alimentar e Nutricional , Gestantes , Sobrepeso , Estilo de Vida , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Atenção Secundária à Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil
7.
Res Social Adm Pharm ; 18(9): 3560-3567, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35379561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over-the-counter (OTC) medication package inserts are vital references for healthcare professionals to make drug recommendations and influential education materials that patients commonly refer to when self-caring. However, little is known about the quality and readability of the OTC medication package inserts in China. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at evaluating the quality and readability of OTC medication package inserts. METHODS: Package inserts of OTC medication were selected based on the market share and pharmacological category. The quality of the package inserts was evaluated based on standards adapted separately from the Chinese National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) and European Medicines Agency's (EMA) Working Group. The readability was assessed using the Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool (PEMAT) in conjunction with the Chinese Readability Index Explorer (CRIE). RESULTS: A total of 29 OTC medication package inserts consisting of 12 Western Medicine (WM) and 17 Chinese Tradition Patent Medicine (CTPM) package inserts were included. Overall, the OTC package inserts met 92% of the NMPA standards and 54% of the EMA standards. In terms of readability assessment using PEMAT, the overall median (interquartile range) understandability score was 38% (38-45%) and for actionability score was 40% (40-55%). The overall text reading level of package inserts measured by the CRIE, after removing some medical jargon, is equivalent to the median reading level for the 12th (9.5-12th) grade reading level. CONCLUSIONS: The quality of OTC medication package inserts was satisfactory under internal standards but poor under international standards. Some OTC pharmacological information is not provided due to lack of research, especially for CTPM. A more informative and comprehensive package insert may be needed to guide drug use decisions. OTC medication package inserts are not appropriate patient education materials in terms of readability. Additional materials may be developed to supplement package inserts for patient education for OTC medications.


Assuntos
Compreensão , Letramento em Saúde , China , Humanos , Medicamentos sem Prescrição , Rotulagem de Produtos , Materiais de Ensino
8.
J Dermatolog Treat ; 33(6): 2730-2737, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35440279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Communication between patients and healthcare workers (HCWs) may on occasion be challenged by disparities in cultural background, age and educational level. Written educational material is commonly used to reduce the risk of miscommunication. However, literacy among patients may also differ and it is, therefore, speculated that the use of pictograms may improve patients' understanding and adherence. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the scientific literature and investigate the effect and practical utility of pictograms in medical settings with focus on dermatological patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pubmed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were searched July 2021 for studies regarding use of pictograms in medical settings and dermatology. RESULTS: The use of pictograms in dermatology is not well characterized, but studies in other fields of medicine report a positive effect of using pictograms in communication. Pictograms have a significant positive effect when presented alongside verbal or written explanations. CONCLUSIONS: The quality of the development process is important to ensure the utility of any pictogram. Involving the target population in the design and validation of the pictograms may be critical. In the validation process, testing of transparency and translucency may benefit from international recommendations.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Compreensão , Humanos , Escolaridade , Materiais de Ensino
9.
Front Public Health ; 10: 838106, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35356026

RESUMO

In the spring semester of 2020, online flipped classroom was used to replace offline face-to-face teaching of the physiology course at Xiangya School of Medicine. In order to analyze the preferences and utilization of different teaching resources by students, registered questionnaire was applied to investigate the preference divergence of the students on the duration of different teaching videos used in the online flipped classroom model. One hundred forty-seven students of clinical medicine in grade 2018 of Xiangya School of Medicine were selected as the research objects. Three formal surveys were conducted in total. The results showed that there were significant divergences in preference of students for different durations in the first two surveys. 56.43 and 50.00% of the students preferred 15 min mini-video, whereas 43.57 and 50.00% preferred 45 min complete video. Meanwhile, students showed a significant preference for mini-video in active learning before class, with 65.00 and 59.29% watched only mini-video, 17.14 and 25.71% watched only complete videos, and 17.86 and 15.00% watched both mini and complete videos. Although most students preferred to watch mini-video in active learning before class, there was a significant proportion of students who watched complete video before class. The results suggested that the individualization of student in the online flipped classroom is prominent. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the selection of videos with different durations at different time points (before, in and after class) was significantly associated with the characteristics of the videos themselves. Therefore, the construction of online teaching resources and the application of teaching methods should consider the requirements of different student groups and provide a variety of online curriculum resources.


Assuntos
Recursos Audiovisuais , Currículo , Educação à Distância , China , Educação Médica , Humanos , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Materiais de Ensino
10.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0264180, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35192670

RESUMO

In a changing learning environment where young neurointerventionalists spend less time in the operating room, computer simulators have been established as a new training model. Our aim was the comparison of silicone models and computer simulators, and the evaluation of their influence on subjective self-confidence of operators. Pre- and postquestionnaires of 27 participants and 9 tutors were evaluated after the participation in a three-days interventional stroke course using silicone models and computer simulators. Training on computer simulators was considered as more realistic and important before patient contact than training on silicone models. Participants rated their own abilities as significantly better after participation in the course and felt significantly better prepared for patient care. Training on computer simulators can increase the subjective self-confidence of trainees. We suggest a stepwise training program, comprising both ex-vivo and the porcine in-vivo model, finished by conventional operating room teaching, to prepare neuroradiologists for optimal patient care when performing interventions.


Assuntos
Educação Médica Continuada/métodos , Manequins , Neurocirurgiões/educação , Autoimagem , Simulação por Computador , Currículo , Humanos , Neurocirurgiões/psicologia , Neurocirurgia/educação , Materiais de Ensino
11.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0263353, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35139101

RESUMO

In the UK, it is currently recommended that owned cats be neutered from four months of age. However, its uptake is inconsistent across the veterinary profession. Here we assess the effect of a brief video intervention that aimed to encourage four month neutering, whilst preserving clinical autonomy. We compare this theory-driven approach with traditional information giving and a control group. Veterinary surgeons who regularly undertook feline neutering work in the UK but did not routinely neuter cats at four months and/or recommend four month neutering for client owned cats were randomised into three groups (n = 234). Participants received either no information, a written summary of evidence or the video. The primary behaviour outcomes were the recommending and carrying out of neutering cats at four months. Evaluative, belief and stages of change measures were also collected. Self-reported outcomes were assessed pre-intervention, immediately post-intervention, two months post-intervention and six months post-intervention. At two months, participants that had received the video intervention were significantly more likely to have started recommending neutering cats at four months. At six months, participants that had received the video intervention were significantly more likely to have started carrying out neutering cats at four months. There were no significant behaviour changes for the other groups. At two months, the video intervention was associated with a significant increase in thinking about, and speaking to colleagues about, four-month neutering, relative to the control group. The written summary of evidence had no similar effect on stages of change, despite it being perceived as a significantly more helpful resource relative to the video. To conclude, a brief one-off video intervention resulted in an increase in positive behaviours towards neutering cats at 4 months, likely mediated by the social influences of the intervention prompting the opportunity to reflect and discuss four-month neutering with colleagues.


Assuntos
Castração , Gatos/cirurgia , Educação Médica Continuada/métodos , Cirurgiões , Gravação em Vídeo , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Animais , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Recursos Audiovisuais , Castração/educação , Castração/psicologia , Castração/veterinária , Cultura , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Percepção , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Cirurgiões/educação , Cirurgiões/psicologia , Cirurgia Veterinária/normas , Materiais de Ensino , Reino Unido
13.
J Radiol Prot ; 42(1)2022 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34844224

RESUMO

Understanding the behaviour of scattered radiation is important for learning appropriate radiation protection methods, but many existing visualisation systems for radiation require special devices, making it difficult to use them in education. The purpose of this study was to develop teaching material for radiation protection that can help visualise the scattered radiation with augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) on a web browser, develop a method for using it in education and examine its effectiveness. The distribution of radiation during radiography was calculated using Monte Carlo simulation, and teaching material was created. The material was used in a class for department of radiological technology students and its influence on motivation was evaluated using a questionnaire based on the evaluation model for teaching materials. In addition, text mining was used to evaluate impressions objectively. Educational material was developed that can be used in AR and VR for studying the behaviour of scattered radiation. The results of the questionnaire showed that the average value of each item was more than four on a five-point scale, indicating that the teaching material attracted the interest of users. Through text mining, it could be concluded that there was improved understanding of, and confidence in, radiation protection.


Assuntos
Realidade Aumentada , Proteção Radiológica , Realidade Virtual , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Materiais de Ensino
14.
Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs ; 21(4): 382-389, 2022 06 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595515

RESUMO

AIMS: The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) is increasing rapidly with the growing utilization of catheter ablation (CA) as a treatment strategy. Education for individuals undertaking this procedure is diverse, with varying degrees of information provided and little standardization. Many individuals utilize the internet as an educational resource. However, there is limited regulation of online patient information. To evaluate the quality of web-based patient education resources for patients undergoing CA for AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional observational study was performed to obtain all freely accessible online educational resources about CA for AF from inception until 1 October 2019. Search engines used: Google, Yahoo!, and Bing. The Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool (PEMAT) was used to evaluate the quality of web-based patient education materials and printable tools. The PEMAT score objectively measures both the understandability and actionability of educational material. A total of 17 websites and 15 printable sources were included in the analysis. Non-government organizations developed 19% of materials and 75% were created by private or university hospitals. Nineteen sources (59.4%) were rated as highly understandable: 9 websites (52.9%) and 10 printable tools (66.7%). Seven sources (21.9%) were rated as highly actionable: 6 (35.3%) websites and 1 (6.7%) printable tool. CONCLUSION: The overall understandability of educational CA material was high, whilst improvement of actionability is warranted. The addition of summaries, visual aids, and tools, such as checklists may improve quality. These findings have significant implications for the development of patient educational material for CA in AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Letramento em Saúde , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Compreensão , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Materiais de Ensino
15.
Disabil Rehabil ; 44(13): 3054-3061, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284645

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To optimize non-operative management and decision making surrounding TKR we created educational whiteboard videos for patients with knee OA. The purpose of this study was to pilot our educational videos with end-users (patients) to determine patients' experiences and perspectives regarding the content and clarity of videos and to better understand their potential impact on patient's health behaviour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a mixed methods evaluation, using a qualitative descriptive approach, of patients attending their first consultation with an arthroplasty surgeon for TKR. We conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews with patients. Three members of the research team coded data independently, implementing a thematic analysis. RESULTS: Thirteen participants were included. Participants indicated that the videos enhanced their confidence and clarity surrounding their decision to undergo TKR. The videos also addressed several knowledge gaps in their understanding of OA management. Barriers to uptake of the education were identified including limited access to PTs and the challenge of weight loss. Conclusions: The current educational intervention was valued by patients with knee OA. Implementation of these videos may have important implications for patients, providers, and our health care system.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONPatients with knee OA referred by primary care physicians to arthroplasty surgeons have knowledge gaps that may influence their self-management and decision making surrounding their condition.Educational materials can address these gaps and support patients in their understanding and management of their condition, which may have important downstream implications.Barriers to accessing non-operative care including physiotherapy must be pre-emptively addressed to ensure that enhanced knowledge is met with improved access for patients.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Materiais de Ensino
16.
J Cancer Educ ; 37(3): 834-842, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037573

RESUMO

The study aim was to evaluate the costs associated with developing and reviewing patient education materials (pamphlets) across Ontario cancer centers. While patient education often produces a positive return on investment, limited efforts have been dedicated to optimizing the personnel, time, and capital dedicated to this feat across healthcare systems. Patient education leaders at 14 cancer centers completed a survey measure, estimating the number of hours spent developing and reviewing pamphlets and identifying the personnel involved in each procedural step. The time expended per center in each step was then combined with average salary data for the identified personnel to derive total cost estimates. Cancer centers spend on average $5672 (SD = $3180) developing (M = $4560, SD = $2620) and reviewing (M = $1112, SD = $654) one pamphlet. This cumulates to an average per annum spending of $65,401 (SD = $75,494) for pamphlet development and $19,819 (SD = $28,524) for annual pamphlet review at each cancer center. The cost and number of hours spent developing and reviewing pamphlets varied substantially between cancer centers. While the security of budgets for patient education varies across cancer centers, opportunities to optimize human capital and monetary resources should be considered. Results of the study can be used to advocate for sustainable investment into cancer education programs, improve the coordination of educational materials production and review, and ensure that resource quality and access are consistent across the province.


Assuntos
Folhetos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Materiais de Ensino
17.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE0387345, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1374019

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo Desenvolver e avaliar um infográfico animado como recurso didático para o ensino de medicação segura em saúde da criança. Métodos Trata-se de estudo metodológico composto pela criação de um infográfico animado sobre medicação segura em saúde da criança para estudantes do ensino superior de enfermagem. O desenvolvimento desta tecnologia digital educacional seguiu quatro etapas: planejamento, produção, implementação e avaliação. O critério para avaliação foi concordância superior a 90%, analisada por meio do Índice de Validade de Conteúdo.Resultados: A versão final do infográfico animado possui 37 telas, as quais apresentam as metas do 3º Desafio da Organização Mundial de Saúde, os eventos adversos, fatores de risco do público-alvo e, por fim, as recomendações sobre boas práticas na administração segura de medicamentos em saúde da criança. O infográfico foi avaliado por 13 especialistas e obteve-se concordância entre todos os itens superior a 90%. Conclusão O infográfico animado foi considerado um recurso educacional válido, que poderá favorecer o processo de ensino aprendizagem de estudantes de enfermagem no que tange à conduta de boas práticas na administração de medicação na área da saúde da criança.


Resumen Objetivo Desarrollar y evaluar un infográfico animado como recurso didáctico para la enseñanza de medicación segura para la salud de los niños. Métodos Se trata de estudio metodológico compuesto por la creación de un infográfico animado sobre medicación segura para la salud del niño para estudiantes de la enseñanza superior en enfermería. El desarrollo de esta tecnología digital educativa siguió cuatro etapas: planificación, producción, implementación y evaluación. El criterio para la evaluación fue la coincidencia superior al 90 %, analizada por medio del Índice de Validez de Contenido.Resultados: La versión final del infográfico animado cuenta con 37 pantallas que presentan las metas del 3er Desafío de la Organización Mundial de Salud, los eventos adversos, factores de riesgo del público destinatario y, por fin, las recomendaciones sobre buenas prácticas en la administración segura de medicamentos para la salud para los niños. El infográfico fue evaluado por 13 especialistas y se obtuvo la coincidencia entre todos los ítems superior al 90 %. Conclusión El infográfico animado fue considerado como un recurso educativo válido, que podrá favorecer el proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje de estudiantes de enfermería en lo que se refiere a la conducta de buenas prácticas en la administración de medicación en el área de la salud de los niños.


Abstract Objective To develop and assess an animated infographic as a teaching resource for teaching safe medication in children's health. Methods This is a methodological study consisting of the creation of an animated infographic about safe medication in children's health for students in higher education in nursing. The development of this digital educational technology followed four stages: planning, production, implementation and assessment. The criterion for assessment was greater than 90% agreement, analyzed using the Content Validity Index. Results The final version has 37 screens, which present the goals of the 3rdChallenge of the World Health Organization, adverse events, risk factors for the target audience and, finally, recommendations on good practices in safe medication administration in children's health. The infographic was assessed by 13 experts and there was an agreement between all items greater than 90%. Conclusion The animated infographic was considered a valid educational resource, which could favor the teaching-learning process of nursing students regarding the conduct of good practices in medication administration in children's health.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Materiais de Ensino , Gráficos por Computador , Saúde da Criança , Educação em Saúde , Segurança do Paciente , Aprendizagem , Erros de Medicação
18.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE0247345, 2022. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1374020

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo Analisar a influência do ambiente virtual de aprendizagem no desempenho acadêmico de estudantes de enfermagem. Métodos Estudo quantitativo, retrospectivo, com dados secundários provenientes de 108 estudantes do primeiro ano da graduação em enfermagem, obtidos por meio de um ambiente virtual de aprendizado (e-Disciplinas). Os indicadores foram: número de acessos ao ambiente virtual, número de materiais acessados, número de tarefas obrigatórias realizadas, número de tentativas e de acertos no quiz e nota final na disciplina. Foram empreendidos o teste de Mann-Whitney e o teste de correlação de Spearman, utilizando software para análise estatística. Resultados Identificaram-se 92% de adesão ao quiz e correlação positiva entre o número de acertos e a nota final. Além disso, houve correlação positiva entre o número de acessos ao ambiente virtual, o número de acertos no quiz e a nota final da disciplina. A nota final também foi correlacionada com o número de materiais acessados e o número de tarefas obrigatórias realizadas. Conclusão A utilização do ambiente virtual como estratégia de apoio na disciplina apresentou impacto positivo no desempenho acadêmico dos alunos, sugerindo ser um facilitador para o fortalecimento da autonomia e do protagonismo do discente em seu desenvolvimento e em seu processo de ensino-aprendizagem.


Resumen Objetivo Analizar la influencia del ambiente virtual de aprendizaje en el desempeño académico de estudiantes de enfermería. Métodos Estudio cuantitativo, retrospectivo, con datos secundarios originarios de 108 estudiantes del primer año del grado en enfermería, logrados por medio de un ambiente virtual de aprendizaje (e-Disciplinas). Los indicadores fueron: número de accesos al ambiente virtual, número de materiales a los que se accedió, número de tareas obligatorias realizadas, número de intentos y de aciertos en el quiz y en la calificación final en la asignatura. Se realizaron las pruebas de Mann-Whitney y la prueba de correlación de Spearman, utilizando software para el análisis estadístico. Resultados Se identificó el 92 % de adherencia al quiz y correlación positiva entre el número de aciertos y la calificación final. Además, hubo una correlación positiva entre el número de accesos al ambiente virtual, el número de aciertos en el quiz y la calificación final de la asignatura. La calificación final también se correlacionó con el número de materiales a los que se accedió y el número de tareas obligatorias realizadas. Conclusión La utilización del ambiente virtual como estrategia de apoyo en la asignatura mostró un impacto positivo en el desempeño académico de los alumnos, lo que sugiere que sea un facilitador para el fortalecimiento de la autonomía y del protagonismo del discente en su desarrollo y en su proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje.


Abstract Objective To analyze the influence of the virtual learning environment on the academic performance of nursing students. Methods Quantitative, retrospective study, with secondary data from 108 first-year undergraduate nursing students, obtained through a virtual learning environment (e-Disciplinas). The indicators were: number of accesses to the virtual environment, number of materials accessed, number of mandatory tasks performed, number of attempts and correct answers in the quiz, and final grade in the course. The Mann-Whitney test and the Spearman correlation test were performed using software for statistical analysis. Results 92% adherence to the quiz and a positive correlation between the number of correct answers and the final grade were identified. Furthermore, there was a positive correlation between the number of accesses to the virtual environment, the number of correct answers in the quiz, and the final grade in the course. The final grade was also correlated with the number of materials accessed and the number of mandatory tasks performed. Conclusion The use of the virtual environment as a support strategy in the course had a positive impact on students' academic performance, suggesting that it facilitates the strengthening of the students' autonomy and protagonism in their development and their teaching-learning process.


Assuntos
Humanos , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Ensino , Materiais de Ensino , Tecnologia Educacional , Educação à Distância/métodos , Aplicativos Móveis , Desempenho Acadêmico
19.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0017, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365731

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To develop and examine the usability of a mobile application aimed at improving knowledge about ocular surface tumors among medical students, general practitioners and ophthalmologists. Methods: A cross-sectional quantitative study was carried out by a multidisciplinary team and developed in three stages: administration of a specific questionnaire to medical students, assessing the demand for the application, creation and development of the application in collaboration with the Technological Innovation Laboratory of Centro Universitário Christus and usability assessment. General practitioners and ophthalmologists were selected to answer the System Usability Scale questionnaire. Data were exported into the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 20.0 Windows, for quantitative analysis. Results: The OncoEye application was developed for the iOS and the Android platforms and included four main menus: Glossary, Patients, Referrals and Queries. Most students (89.9%) considered the development of the application important for wider access to information about the topic. Most students (39.9%) were able to recognize ocular lesions and 26.1% could distinguish between benign and malignant conditions. System Usability Scale questionnaire responses revealed good usability, with an average score of 92.65. Users (100%) described the application as user-friendly and well- integrated. Conclusion: An innovative application for ocular surface tumors was created and developed. The application achieved good levels of acceptance and was described as user-friendly by users.


RESUMO Objetivo: Desenvolver e avaliar a usabilidade de um aplicativo para dispositivos móveis que aprimore o conhecimento de estudantes de medicina e de médicos sobre tumores da superfície ocular. Métodos: Foi realizado estudo transversal e quantitativo por uma equipe multiprofissional, consistindo em três etapas: realização de um questionário específico com estudantes de medicina, avaliando a necessidade de elaboração do aplicativo; criação e desenvolvimento do aplicativo pelo Laboratório de Inovação Tecnológica do Centro Universitário Christus e avaliação de usabilidade. Médicos generalistas e oftalmologistas foram selecionados para responder ao questionário System Usability Scale. Os dados foram exportados para o programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, versão 20.0, para Windows para análise quantitativa. Resultados: O aplicativo OncoEye foi desenvolvido com quatro menus principais: Glossário, Pacientes, Encaminhamento e Perguntas. Dentre os estudantes, 89,9% consideraram o desenvolvimento do aplicativo importante para orientação sobre o tema, 39,9% souberam reconhecer lesão ocular, e 26,1% puderam diferenciar lesão ocular maligna ou benigna. As respostas dos usuários à ferramenta System Usability Scale demonstraram boa usabilidade, com pontuação média de 92,65 (87,74 a 97,55). Todos os usuários consideraram o aplicativo de fácil manuseio e bem integrado. Conclusão: Um aplicativo inovador para tumores da superfície ocular foi criado e desenvolvido, apresentando boa aceitação e fácil manuseio pelos usuários.


Assuntos
Humanos , Oftalmologia/educação , Telemedicina/métodos , Computadores de Mão , Neoplasias Oculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Aplicativos Móveis , Médicos , Estudantes de Medicina , Materiais de Ensino , Informática Médica , Fotografação , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Educação Médica/métodos , Oftalmologistas
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