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2.
Sud Med Ekspert ; 62(6): 4-9, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825324

RESUMO

The objective of this work was to determine the reasons and to find the ways to prevent common mistakes in using conceptual and terminology framework in forensic medical ballistics. Basic research and dissertation papers, practice guidelines and textbooks, educational learning materials, as well as conceptual and terminology frameworks of the regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation had been analyzed. The study outcomes make it possible for a forensic medical expert to use basic definitions and terms of forensic medical ballistics in his/her practice methodologically correctly and in a well-argued manner, to reduce dramatically or completely exclude a possibility of expert's mistakes, to formulate reliable and sound conclusions upon the fact and conditions of a firearm use and upon a concrete mechanism of a gunshot wound formation in general.


Assuntos
Armas de Fogo , Balística Forense , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo , Humanos , Federação Russa , Materiais de Ensino
3.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(11): 1329-1332, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838801

RESUMO

Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, the epidemiological textbooks in China have gone through an all-round development consistently, from nothing to something, from paper to multimedia. After the reform and opening up, especially after the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), in order to meet the needs of training multi-level public health talents, a group of epidemiologists, represented by professor Qian Yuping, Wu Xike, Li Liming, Zhan Siyan, et al, have always devoting themselves to the construction of epidemiological textbooks, so that the theory, teaching and scientific research of epidemiology had their own series of specialized textbooks. For nearly 20 years, epidemiological textbooks are obviously updated and improved under the convergence of new technology and media. Digital resources, such as CD, Mooc and electronic schoolbag, together with traditional paper textbooks, perfectly contribute to the modern comprehensive three-dimensional epidemiological textbooks and lay a solid foundation for talent cultivation, discipline construction, scientific research and disease prevention and control.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde , Saúde Pública , Materiais de Ensino , Livros de Texto como Assunto , China , Humanos , Livros de Texto como Assunto/normas
4.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 887-895, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047673

RESUMO

Este relato objetiva apresentar o processo de desenvolvimento de um material escrito e ilustrado voltado para o dentista atuante em Unidades de Terapia intensiva, bem como os motivos e justificativas que levaram à decisão de sua necessidade. O cirurgião-dentista tem ampliado sua área de atuação e, por isso, necessita de materiais didáticos que forneçam uma base para essa nova forma de pensar a Odontologia, com um caráter integral e multiprofissional. Por não haver contato dos cirurgiões-dentistas com o ambiente hospitalar durante a graduação, salvo raras exceções, o material didático nesta área foi planejado para abranger desde os conhecimentos básicos até situações que envolvem maior conhecimento para a tomada de decisão. A metodologia utilizada foi o levantamento bibliográfico e a montagem de material escrito na forma de manual, além da produção e tratamento de fotografias ilustrativas, obtidas em um Hospital Universitário durante o processo de cuidado odontológico de pacientes críticos.


This report aims to present the process of developing a written and illustrated material for the dentist in intensive care units, as well as the reasons and justifications that led to the decision of their need. The dental surgeon has expanded his area of practice and, therefore, needs didactic materials that provide a basis for this new way of thinking about Dentistry, with an integral and multiprofessional character. Due to the lack of contact between dental surgeons and the hospital environment during graduation, with few exceptions, the teaching material in this area was designed to cover everything from basic knowledge to situations involving greater knowledge for decision making. The methodology used was the bibliographical survey and the assembly of written material in manual form, as well as the production and treatment of illustrative photographs obtained at a University Hospital during the dental care process of critical patients.


Este relato tiene como objetivo presentar el proceso de desarrollo de un material escrito e ilustrado orientado hacia el dentista actuante en Unidades de Terapia intensiva, así como los motivos y justificaciones que llevaron a la decisión de su necesidad. El cirujano-dentista ha ampliado su área de actuación y, por eso, necesita materiales didácticos que proveen una base para esa nueva forma de pensar la Odontología, con un carácter integral y multiprofesional. Por no haber contacto de los cirujanos-dentistas con el ambiente hospitalario durante la graduación, salvo raras excepciones, el material didáctico en esta área fue planeado para abarcar desde los conocimientos básicos hasta situaciones que involucran mayor conocimiento para la toma de decisión. La metodología utilizada fue el levantamiento bibliográfico y el montaje de material escrito en la forma de manual, además de la producción y tratamiento de fotografías ilustrativas, obtenidas en un Hospital Universitario durante el proceso de cuidado odontológico de pacientes críticos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Materiais de Ensino , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Equipe Hospitalar de Odontologia , Dicionários Odontológicos como Assunto , Assistência Odontológica , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Odontólogos , Fotografia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva
5.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(9 especial): 509-520, oct 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1046361

RESUMO

This paper is devoted to the pressing issue of obtaining professional education by persons with disabilities and limited health capacities in the inclusive context, which is a factor in their successful socialization. Adaptation to studying at a higher education institution is a difficult task for many students with special educational needs. The purpose of the experimental study is to look into the characteristics of adaptation to the educational process of a pedagogical university in undergraduate students with disabilities and limited health capacities, to identify the reasons for their under-performance in educational activities and to develop recommendations for overcoming them in the process of educational and methodological support. The object of the study is the process of educational adaptation of students with disabilities and limited health capacities at university. The obtained data indicate the need for educational and methodological support for the education of students and the development of methodological recommendations for adaptation of educational material and teaching methods for students with disabilities and limited health capacities, which have, in turn, been performed by the authors. In view of the results of the analysis of scientific research on the problem of teaching people with disabilities and limited health capacities at higher education institutions, as well as the features of self-organization of students of this category that have been identified during the experiment, it is necessary to build educational and methodological support for the educational process that would take these features into account. The recommendations developed by the authors regarding the adaptation of educational material and teaching methods for students and their implementation in the development of appropriate teaching material by university teachers in collaboration with specialists of the university resource teaching and methodological center will contribute to the development of self-organization skills in people with disabilities and limited health capacities and will ensure the activation of academic activity among such students, which will create the necessary conditions for their successful education.


Assuntos
Humanos , Ensino de Recuperação , Estudantes , Materiais de Ensino , Epidemiologia Experimental , Pessoas com Deficiência/educação , Adaptação , Educação Superior , Instituições de Ensino Superior
6.
Cir. plást. ibero-latinoam ; 45(3): 285-294, jul.-sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184403

RESUMO

Antecedentes y Objetivo. La rinoplastia es uno de los procedimientos más frecuentes y más complejos de la Cirugía Plástica. Residentes de todo el mundo concuerdan en que su entrenamiento en rinoplastia es deficiente y en algunas ocasiones nulo. Algunos dicen no contar con la confianza suficiente para realizarla al finalizar su formación especializada. No todos los países establecen un método de entrenamiento estandarizado para la adquisición de experiencia y habilidades en rinoplastia, y si bien existen algunos modelos, no han sido evaluados y se desconoce su efectividad. Realizamos una revisión sistemática de las publicaciones que describen modelos de entrenamiento para aprendizaje, adquisición y/o mejora de habilidades en rinoplastia. Material y método. Llevamos a cabo una revisión sistemática mediante búsqueda electrónica de la literatura en las diferentes bases de datos: MEDLINE Pubmed (1980 a junio de 2016), EMBASE Ovid (1946 a segunda semana de junio de 2016), LILACS Scielo (1982 a junio de 2016) usando como criterio de selección: estudios descriptivos sobre uso de modelos de entrenamiento en rinoplastia. Resultados. Revisamos 6 modelos de entrenamiento publicados entre 2005-2014; 3 con tejido animal, 1 en cadáveres y 2 con material sintético. Ninguno contaba con evaluación y validación de los modelos propuestos, por lo cual no es posible determinar si funcionan para mejorar las habilidades quirúrgicas durante la formación especializada en Cirugía Plástica. Conclusiones. Aunque está demostrada la eficacia de los modelos de entrenamiento quirúrgico en otras especialidades y su uso es requisito para acreditación en EE. UU., no encontramos evidencia de la existencia de modelos eficaces en rinoplastia. Es por ello que nuestra revisión abre la puerta para la búsqueda de un modelo validado en nuestra especialidad


Background and Objective. Rhinoplasty is one of the most frequent and complex surgeries performed within the Plastic Surgery field. Residents around the world agree on a general deficiency from their rhinoplasty training and, in some cases, the absence of it. Someone, by the end of their training, still feel lack of confidence when performing a rhinoplasty. Currently, not all the countries have established a standardized training method for the acquisition of expertise and skills in rhinoplasty, and although there are several models, they have not been evaluated and therefore their efficiency as a training model is unknown. Methods. We conduct a systematic review performing a systematic review of published articles about the theme. Search strategy included the following database: MEDLINE Pubmed (1980 to June 2016), EMBASE Ovid (1946 to second week of June 2016), LILACS Scielo (1982 to June 2016). Selection criteria used was: descriptive studies reporting the use of training models for rhinoplasty. Results. Six training models, during a period from 2005-2014, were evaluated. Three were based on animal tissue, 2 on synthetic materials and 1 on a cadaveric model. No one had been evaluated or validated as to whether they improve surgical skills of residents in training. Conclusions. Even do, in other medical specialties the effectiveness of surgical training models has been proven and such training is considered a requirement in the USA, within the rhinoplasty field no evidence of the effectiveness from these models was found. This revision delivers a path to continue with their effectiveness evaluation and skills improvement in Plastic Surgery


Assuntos
Humanos , Rinoplastia/educação , Materiais de Ensino , Modelos Anatômicos , Modelos Educacionais , Cirurgia Plástica/educação , Protocolos Clínicos , Bases de Dados como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , México
7.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(3): 594-607, jul.-set. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1021512

RESUMO

A experiência relatada neste artigo envolveu a elaboração e aplicação do ImunoDAI, um jogo de cartas desenvolvido por alunos e professores do curso de Medicina para abordar o conteúdo técnico de vinte Doenças Autoimunes (DAI). As DAI compreendem numerosas doenças com diferentes apresentações clínicas que compartilham uma etiologia complexa, porém comum, representada pela resposta imunológica contra autoantígenos. O ImunoDAI trata-se de um jogo produzido coletivamente que, enquanto recurso pedagógico, possibilitou o trabalho com as DAI por meio da elaboração de quatro cartas contendo informações sobre as principais causas da doença; imunopatogênese; sinais e sintomas; diagnóstico e tratamento. A utilização do jogo facilitou a fixação dos conteúdos e favoreceu o processo de ensino-aprendizagem ao permitir múltiplas interações, promover a aprendizagem dos conteúdos, desenvolver autonomia, criatividade, cooperação mútua, discussões e tomadas de decisões, habilidades indispensáveis aos futuros médicos.


The experience reported in this article involved the development and application of ImmunoDAI, a card game developed by students and professors of the medical course to address the technical content of twenty autoimmune diseases (DAI). The DAI comprise numerous diseases with different clinical presentations that share a complex but common etiology represented by the immune response against autoantigens. The ImunoDAI is a collectively produced game that, as a pedagogical resource, made possible the work with the DAI through the elaboration of four letters containing information about the main causes of the disease; immunopathogenesis; signals and symptoms; diagnosis and treatment. The use of the game facilitated the fixing of contents and favored the teaching-learning process by allowing multiple interactions, promoting content learning, developing autonomy, creativity, cooperation, discussions and decision making, skills that are indispensable for future doctors.


A experiencia relatada en este artículo involucró la elaboración y aplicación del ImunoDAI, un juego de cartas desarrollado por alumnos y profesores del curso de Medicina para abordar el contenido técnico de veinte Enfermedades autoinmunes (DAI). Las DAI comprenden numerosas enfermedades con diferentes presentaciones clínicas que comparten una etiología compleja, pero común, representada por la respuesta inmunológica contra autoantígenos. El ImunoDAI es un juego producido colectivamente que, en cuanto recurso pedagógico, posibilitó el trabajo con las DAI por medio de la elaboración de cuatro cartas conteniendo informaciones sobre las principales causas de la enfermedad; inmunopatogenia; signos y síntomas; diagnóstico y tratamiento. La utilización del juego facilitó la fijación de los contenidos y favoreció el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje al permitir múltiples interacciones, promover el aprendizaje de los contenidos, desarrollar autonomía, creatividad, cooperación, discusiones y tomas de decisiones, habilidades indispensables para los futuros médicos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Jogos e Brinquedos , Doenças Autoimunes , Alergia e Imunologia , Materiais Educativos e de Divulgação , Aprendizagem , Estudantes de Medicina , Ensino , Materiais de Ensino , Universidades , Criatividade , Educação Superior , Tomada de Decisões , Pesquisa Qualitativa
8.
Med Ref Serv Q ; 38(3): 280-286, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379284

RESUMO

JAMAevidence provides three textbooks offering guidance on identifying and applying the best available evidence from the medical literature across a variety of clinical contexts and situations. The database also features educational tools associated with these textbooks instructors can implement when teaching the key concepts behind evidence-based medicine (EBM). These tools include ready-made PowerPoint presentations, calculators geared toward clinical use, and an A-Z glossary of EBM terms. This article describes the history of the JAMAevidence database, the content included in it, a sample search, and recommendations for best use.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Factuais , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/educação , Materiais de Ensino , Livros de Texto como Assunto , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
9.
Rev. Fund. Educ. Méd. (Ed. impr.) ; 22(4): 169-174, jul.-ago. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183077

RESUMO

Introducción: El aprendizaje de anatomía humana se ha realizado a lo largo de la historia, de forma teórica y práctica, a través de la disección cadavérica. Diversas teorías de aprendizaje señalan que el uso de claves de colores resulta esencial para mejorar el reconocimiento de estructuras complejas. Por este motivo, el objetivo de este artículo es presentar esta propuesta y describir algunas percepciones de los estudiantes de medicina de una universidad peruana ante esta estrategia. Sujetos y métodos: La estrategia se basa en el uso de diferentes colores para relacionar músculos con sus respectivas inserciones óseas y los nervios que los inervan. En el mismo sentido se hace uso del color para resaltar la dirección y relaciones de las arterias. En última instancia, se hace una relación de la misma clave de color con la función ejercida por determinado grupo muscular y la patología derivada del daño de dicha estructura. Para evaluar la aceptación del método y las percepciones que generó en los estudiantes, se aplicó una breve encuesta con motivos exploratorios en estudiantes de segundo a sexto año de medicina que hubieran usado estas ilustraciones. Resultados: Un 85,6% respondió que las ilustraciones 'son útiles como resumen gráfico de segmentos corporales', y un 84,9%, que 'pueden reproducirlas con facilidad y constituyen una ayuda nemotécnica en el estudio'. Conclusión: Se presenta un método sobre el uso de los colores como recurso para la relación de estructuras, función y patología en las ilustraciones de anatomía humana, el cual genera percepciones positivas en los estudiantes


Introduction: The learning of human anatomy has been carried out throughout history in a theoretical and practical way, through cadaveric dissection. Several learning theories point out that the use of color keys is essential to improve the recognition of complex structures, for this reason the objective of this article is to present this proposal, and to describe some perceptions of the medical students of a Peruvian university before this strategy. Subjects and methods: The strategy is based on the use of different colors to relate muscles with their respective bony inserts and the nerves that innervate them. In the same sense, color is used to highlight the direction and relationships of the arteries. Ultimately, a relation of the same color key is made with the function exerted by a certain muscle group and the pathology derived from the damage of said structure. To evaluate the acceptance of the method and the perceptions it generated in the students, we applied a brief survey with exploratory reasons in students from the second to the sixth year of medicine who have used these illustrations. Results: A 85.6% answered that 'they are useful as a graphic summary of body segments', and a 84.9%, that 'they can reproduce them easily, being a mnemonic aid in the study'. Conclusion: We present a method on the use of colors as a resource for the relationship of structures, function and pathology in human anatomy illustrations, which generates positive perceptions in students


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Ilustração Médica/educação , Anatomia Artística/educação , Aprendizagem , Educação Médica , Materiais de Ensino , Percepção , Anatomia/educação , Plexo Braquial/anatomia & histologia , Estudantes de Medicina
10.
Br J Radiol ; 92(1103): 20190389, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322909

RESUMO

In the era of personalized medicine, the emphasis of health care is shifting from populations to individuals. Artificial intelligence (AI) is capable of learning without explicit instruction and has emerging applications in medicine, particularly radiology. Whereas much attention has focused on teaching radiology trainees about AI, here our goal is to instead focus on how AI might be developed to better teach radiology trainees. While the idea of using AI to improve education is not new, the application of AI to medical and radiological education remains very limited. Based on the current educational foundation, we highlight an AI-integrated framework to augment radiology education and provide use case examples informed by our own institution's practice. The coming age of "AI-augmented radiology" may enable not only "precision medicine" but also what we describe as "precision medical education," where instruction is tailored to individual trainees based on their learning styles and needs.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Radiologia/educação , Teorema de Bayes , Competência Clínica/normas , Humanos , Treinamento por Simulação , Ensino , Materiais de Ensino
11.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 46(3): e20192197, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291434

RESUMO

This article proposes the use of a safe surgical checklist in the teaching of the discipline of Ambulatory Surgery during medical graduation. It discusses its benefits and potential implementation and adherence difficulties. It underscores the importance of developing a patient safety culture and active learning methodologies to train students for greater commitment and accountability with the quality of care provided to the community in the academic outpatient clinic of the school hospital.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/normas , Lista de Checagem/normas , Educação Médica/normas , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/normas , Gestão da Segurança/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/educação , Lista de Checagem/instrumentação , Educação Médica/métodos , Humanos , Erros Médicos/prevenção & controle , Segurança do Paciente , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/educação , Gestão da Segurança/métodos , Materiais de Ensino
12.
World Neurosurg ; 130: e588-e597, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31260846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most Americans consult the Internet to address their health concerns. Limited health literacy among the public highlights the need for patient education Web sites to deliver understandable health information. We assessed the understandability and actionability of online neurosurgical patient education materials (PEMs) provided by the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) and MedlinePlus. METHODS: Articles on neurosurgical conditions and treatments listed on both the AANS site and MedlinePlus were analyzed. Two reviewers scored articles using 2 validated health literacy tools, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Clear Communication Index (CCI) and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool (PEMAT). These tools evaluate the quality of written health information and assess for content, organization, and actionability of PEMs. RESULTS: One hundred and thirty-eight articles were evaluated from the AANS (n = 61) and MedlinePlus (n = 77). The median CCI score for MedlinePlus and AANS articles was 68.9 (interquartile range [IQR], 62.5-81.3) and 56.3 [IQR, 46.7-73.7], respectively (P < 0.001). Only 1 article scored ≥90%, which is the CCI threshold for PEMs to be considered easy to read. Although the AANS and Medline performed similarly on the understandability component of the PEMAT (66.7 [IQR, 53.8-69.2] vs. 69.2 [IQR, 66.7-83.3], respectively; P < 0.001), significant differences were observed for the actionability section of the PEMAT (Medline 60 [IQR, 60-60] vs. AANS 0 [IQR, 0-60]; P < 0.001). Less than 13% of articles provided summaries, visual aids, and tangible tools to aid patient action. CONCLUSIONS: Neurosurgical online PEMs may be difficult to understand and potentially act as barriers for patients' engagement with health systems. There is a need to deliver patient-centered health information that effectively informs patients, aiding in meaningful health decision making.


Assuntos
Compreensão , Internet , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/educação , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/normas , Materiais de Ensino/normas , Alfabetização em Saúde/normas , Humanos
13.
Codas ; 31(3): e20180135, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271581

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To verify the effect of the multiple exemplar instruction at the acquisition and integration of listening and speaking behaviors, with substantives and substantive-adjective combinations, in children with Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder (ANSD) and cochlear implant (CI). METHODS: Participants were two children with ANSD that were users of CI. We adopted dictated stimulus and pictures that corresponded to words (substantive) and substantive-adjective syntactic units. The study was arranged in teaching steps that were intercalated with listening and speaking behaviors probes, with all stimuli. The multiple exemplar instruction presented oral imitation (echoic), auditory recognition (listening) and pictures naming (touch) tasks, on a rotating way; the substantives were taught first and, after that, the substantive-adjective combinations. RESULTS: In the pre-test, the participants showed variability and discrepancy in the correct responses percentages of listening and speaking. All achieved firstly 100% correct responses in the listening task and the speaking performances were close to listening after the teaching. All extended substantive learning to substantive-adjective syntactic units. CONCLUSION: Children with ANSD and CI can learn and integrate listening and speaking behaviors by multiple exemplar instruction, from words to syntactic units.


Assuntos
Implantes Cocleares , Perda Auditiva Central/complicações , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/reabilitação , Percepção da Fala , Aprendizagem Verbal , Criança , Linguagem Infantil , Feminino , Humanos , Desenvolvimento da Linguagem , Masculino , Materiais de Ensino
14.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(4): 1043-1047, jul.-set. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1005743

RESUMO

Objetivo: identificar o uso do brinquedo terapêutico pelos acadêmicos de enfermagem no cuidado à criança hospitalizada e discutir as implicações de seu uso na trajetória do acadêmico de enfermagem. Método: pesquisa qualitativa, desenvolvida em uma Escola de Enfermagem Federal no Rio de Janeiro com 17 acadêmicos. A coleta de dados foi realizada em outubro e novembro de 2016 por meio de entrevista semiestruturada e tratados com a técnica de análise de conteúdo temática. Resultados: o brinquedo terapêutico é apresentado ao aluno no conteúdo teórico, porém sem a oportunidade de aplicá-lo na prática. Sua aplicação prática o deixaria mais seguro para prestar assistência à criança, somado à qualidade do cuidado prestado e os benefícios para ela. Conclusão: o ensino do brinquedo terapêutico deve acontecer em campo prático, e não somente no teórico, contribuindo, assim, para melhor formação do enfermeiro e melhoria da qualidade da assistência pediátrica


Objective: To identify the use of therapeutic toys by nursing students when caring for hospitalized children and to discuss the consequences of their use in the path of nursing students. Method: Qualitative research, developed at a Federal Nursing School in Rio de Janeiro with 17 students. Data were collected in October and November 2016, through semistructured interviews, and they were processed with the thematic content analysis technique. Results: The therapeutic toy is introduced to the student in the theoretical content, but without the opportunity to apply it in practice. Its practical application would make it safer to provide care to the child, added to the quality of the care provided and the benefits for it. Conclusion: The therapeutic toy teaching should happen in the practical field, not only in the theoretical field, thereby contributing to a better training of nurses and improvement of the quality of the pediatric care


Objetivo: Identificar el uso del juguete terapéutico por los académicos de enfermería en la atención al niño hospitalizado y discutir las consecuencias de su uso en la trayectoria del académico de enfermería. Método: Investigación cualitativa, desarrollada en una Escuela Federal de Enfermería en Río de Janeiro con 17 académicos. Los datos se recolectaron en octubre y noviembre 2016 mediante entrevista semiestructurada y se trataron con la técnica de análisis de contenido temático. Resultados: El juguete terapéutico se presenta al alumno en el contenido teórico, pero sin oportunidad de aplicarlo en la práctica. Su aplicación práctica lo dejaría más seguro para ayudar al niño, sumado a la calidad de la atención ofrecida y los beneficios para él. Conclusión: La enseñanza del juguete terapéutico debe ocurrir en el campo práctico, y no sólo en el teórico, contribuyendo así para mejor formación del enfermero y mejoramiento de la calidad de la asistencia pediátrica


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adulto , Jogos e Brinquedos/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Criança Hospitalizada , Enfermagem Pediátrica/educação , Materiais de Ensino
15.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(2): 428-438, abr.-jun. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005723

RESUMO

As rápidas mudanças no contexto educacional, somadas aos grandes avanços tecnológicos, nos últimos anos, têm exigido dos atores envolvidos no processo de construção do conhecimento mudanças significativas no ato de ensinar e aprender. O objetivo deste artigo é relatar e analisar a experiência de produção de um vídeo educacional, como estratégia de formação pedagógica, desenvolvida no âmbito do Mestrado Profissional Ensino na Saúde. A construção do vídeo foi proposta como atividade da disciplina Tecnologia da Informação e Comunicação Aplicada ao Ensino na Saúde. Elegeu-se, para o roteiro, a temática Reforma Psiquiátrica. Na dimensão da aplicabilidade da tecnologia educacional, optou-se por exibir o vídeo na abertura do módulo de psiquiatria de um curso de medicina. A experiência de produção e utilização do vídeo contribuiu significativamente para a formação docente de profissionais de saúde, além de propiciar maior dinamicidade e interação em sala de aula, permitindo melhor compreensão e contextualização, por parte dos alunos, da temática abordada.


The fast changes in the educational context and the great technological advances in recent years have demanded that the actors involved in the process of knowledge construction change significantly the act of teaching and learning. The objective of this article is to report and analyze the experience of recording an educational video, as a pedagogical training strategy, developed within the scope of the Mestrado Profissional Ensino na Saúde (Profissional master's degree health teaching) in Ceará, Brazil. The video was proposed as an activity of the subject of study Tecnologia da Informação e Comunicação Aplicada ao Ensino na Saúde (Information and communication technologies applied to teaching in health). The Psychiatric Reform was chosen to be the theme of the script. With regard to the applicability of the educational technology, it was chosen to display the video in the opening of the module of psychiatry of a course of medicine. The experience of production and use of the video contributed significantly to the professional training in health teaching, in addition to provide greater dynamicity and interaction with the students in the classroom, allowing better understanding and contextualization of the subject by them.


Los rápidos cambios en el contexto educativo, sumados a los grandes avances tecnológicos, en los últimos años, han exigido a los actores envueltos en el proceso de construcción del conocimiento, transformaciones significativas en el acto de enseñar y aprender. Este artículo tiene el objetivo de relatar y analizar la experiencia de producción de un vídeo educativo como estrategia de formación pedagógica, desarrollada en el ámbito del Mestrado Profissional Ensino na Saúde (Postgrado profesional enseñanza en salud). La elaboración del vpídeo fue propuesta como actividad de la asignatura Tecnologia da Informação e Comunicação Aplicada ao Ensino na Saúde (Tecnología de la información y comunicación aplicada a la enseñanza en la salud). Se eligió para el guión, la temática Reforma Psiquiátrica. En cuanto a la aplicabilidad de la tecnología educativa, se optó por exhibir el vídeo en la apertura del módulo de psiquiatría de un curso de medicina. La experiencia de producción y utilización del vídeo ha contribuido significativamente a la formación docente de profesionales de la salud, además de propiciar mayor dinamismo e interacción en la sala de aula, permitiendo una mejor comprensión y contextualización, por parte de los alumnos, de la temática abordada.


Assuntos
Humanos , Recursos Audiovisuais , Materiais de Ensino , Tecnologia Educacional , Filmes e Vídeos Educativos , Capacitação de Recursos Humanos em Saúde , Docentes , Saúde , Tecnologia da Informação , Aprendizagem
16.
Glob Health Action ; 12(1): 1548005, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154989

RESUMO

Background: Assessment of cognitive development is essential to identify children with faltering developmental attainment and monitor the impact of interventions. A key barrier to achieving these goals is the lack of standardized, scalable tools to assess cognitive abilities. Objective: This study aimed to develop a tablet-based gamified assessment of cognitive abilities of 3-year-old children which can be administered by non-specialist field workers. Methods: Workshops among domain experts, literature search for established and gamified paradigms of cognitive assessments and rapid review of mobile games for 3-year-old children was done to conceptualize games for this study. Formative household visits (N = 20) informed the design and content of the games. A cross-sectional pilot study (N = 100) was done to assess feasibility of the tool and check if increasing levels of difficulty and the expected variability between children were evident in game metrics. In-depth interviews (N = 9) were conducted with mothers of participating children to assess its acceptability. Results: Six cognitive domains were identified as being integral to learning - divided attention, response inhibition, reasoning, visual form perception and integration and memory. A narrative, musical soundtrack and positive reinforcement were incorporated into the tool to enhance participant engagement. Child performance determined level timers and difficulty levels in each game. Pilot data indicate that children differ in their performance profile on the tool as measured by the number of game levels played and their accuracy and completion time indicating that it might be possible to differentiate children based on these metrics. Qualitative data suggest high levels of acceptability of the tool amongst participants. Conclusions: A DEvelopmental assessment on an E-Platform (DEEP) has been created comprising distinct games woven into a narrative, which assess six cognitive domains, and shows high levels of acceptability and generates metrics which may be used for validation against gold standard cognitive assessments.


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis , Materiais de Ensino , Jogos de Vídeo , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Desenvolvimento de Programas
17.
Recurso educacional aberto em Espanhol | CVSP - Regional | ID: oer-3844

RESUMO

Al final de este guía, el usuario es capaz de: - Acceder el sistema FI-Admin para ingresar y editar registros de recursos educativos de un repositorio del nodo país del CVSP. - Reconocer los principales componentes y funciones del sistema FI-Admin, permitiendo describir, indizar, enlazar y relacionar los registros de recursos educativos.


Assuntos
Materiais de Ensino , Bases de Dados Bibliográficas , Bibliotecas Digitais , Catalogação , Resumos e Indexação como Assunto , Gestão da Informação , Sistemas de Informação
18.
Int J Low Extrem Wounds ; 18(1): 6-9, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064287

RESUMO

Posters are an established mode of disseminating scientific research. They require careful preparation and presentation. During the former, the authors need to pay attention to the following features: choice of text, fonts and colors, illustrations and graphics, adequate presentation of methods and results, as well as to-the-point discussion of key messages. The latter is regrettably slightly neglected but very important. Indeed, poster presenters need to give a brief talk highlighting the research question and communicating the findings of the study, their novelty, and the anticipated clinical implications. In conclusion, practice is needed to create successful posters, but the result may be useful and pleasing.


Assuntos
Educação , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Materiais de Ensino , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
19.
Res Dev Disabil ; 90: 41-50, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31051311

RESUMO

Children with dyslexia are often provided with audio-support to compensate for their reading problems, but this may intervene with their learning. The aim of the study was to examine modality and redundancy effects in 21 children with dyslexia, compared to 21 typically developing peers (5th grade), on study outcome (retention and transfer knowledge) and study time in user-paced learning environments and the role of their executive functions (verbal and visual working memory, inhibition, and cognitive flexibility) on these effects. Results showed no effects on retention knowledge. Regarding transfer knowledge, a modality effect in children with dyslexia was found, and a reversed redundancy effect in typically developing children. For transfer knowledge, written text with pictures supported knowledge gain in typically developing children, but not in children with dyslexia who benefited more from auditory-presented information with pictures. Study time showed modality and reversed redundancy effects in both groups. In all children, studying in a written text with pictures condition took longer than with audio replacing the text or being added to it. Results also showed that executive functions were related to learning, but they did not differ between the groups, nor did they impact the found modality and redundancy effects. The present research thus shows that, irrespectively of children's executive functions, adding audio-support for all children, can potentially lead to more efficient learning.


Assuntos
Dislexia/psicologia , Função Executiva , Multimídia , Ensino/psicologia , Redação , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Memória de Curto Prazo , Instituições Acadêmicas , Materiais de Ensino
20.
BMC Med Educ ; 19(1): 132, 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Training programs such as the fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery (FLS) that are based on simulation are being currently used in several western countries. FLS allows skill acquisition and evaluation of competency in laparoscopic surgery. On the practical side, evaluation is determined by the MISTELS metrics (MISTELS is the acronym for the McGill inanimate system for training and evaluation of laparoscopic skills). This training program may be modified so that it can be implemented in countries with limited resources using a low-cost trainer box. Would the use of a low-cost trainer box alter the reliability of the MISTELS score? OBJECTIVE OF STUDY: The aim of the study was to evaluate the reliability of a modified MISTELS using a low-cost trainer box. METHODS: It was a prospective study carried out at Habib Thameur hospital in Tunis (Tunisia), between April 2016 and August 2016. The study involved residents from different surgical specialties in the departments of general surgery and paediatric surgery of the hospital during 2015 and 2016. This study assessed the reliability of a modified MISTELS system (Only three tasks were performed out of the five tasks used in the original MISTELS system). Evaluation was based on Cronbach's alpha and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC). A low-cost trainer box was designed and constructed. The residents included in the study performed three series of three tasks using this trainer box. The first series was scored by two trained raters to evaluate inter-rater reliability. The two-other series were successively performed to evaluate test-retest reliability. RESULTS: The internal consistency, assessed by Cronbach's alpha, was at 0.929 which is an acceptable score. As for inter-rater and test-retest reliabilities that were assessed by ICCs, they yielded excellent scores that were at 1 and 0.95 (95% CI, 0.891-0.978) respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The reliability of a modified MISTELS is not altered by the use of a low-cost trainer box. The score of the modified MISTELS is a reliable score for evaluating technical skills of surgical residents using a low-cost trainer box.


Assuntos
Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Internato e Residência , Laparoscopia/educação , Treinamento por Simulação , Materiais de Ensino , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
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