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1.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; 27(3): 399-403, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29286863

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the readability of online uveitis patient education materials. Methods: A Google search in November 2016 was completed using search term "uveitis" and "uveitis inflammation." The top 50 websites with patient-centered information were selected and analyzed for readability using the Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL), Flesch Reading Ease Score (FRES), Gunning FOG Index (GFI), and Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG). Statistical analysis was performed with two-tailed t-tests. Results: The mean word count of the top 50 websites was 1162.7 words, and averaged 16.2 words per sentence. For these websites, the mean FRES was 38.0 (range 4-66, SD = 12.0), mean FKGL was 12.3 (range 6.8-19, SD = 2.4), mean SMOG score was 14.4 (range 9.8-19, SD = 1.8), and the mean Gunning FOG index was 14.0 (range 8.6-19, SD = 2.0). Conclusions: The majority of online patient directed uveitis materials are at a higher reading level than that of the average American adult.


Assuntos
Internet , Oftalmologia/métodos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Ferramenta de Busca/métodos , Materiais de Ensino/provisão & distribução , Uveíte/diagnóstico , Humanos , Estados Unidos
2.
Metas enferm ; 21(8): 11-15, oct. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-172711

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: conocer el impacto en las redes sociales tras implementar un proyecto de innovación docente, que consistió en la adaptación de un blog, "Edublog Enfermería", como herramienta de apoyo de las clases presenciales de dos universidades de España y México, y la difusión de contenidos docentes sobre salud sexual y reproductiva a través de las redes sociales Twitter y Facebook. MÉTODO: estudio descriptivo. Se crearon perfiles en redes sociales enlazados e insertados en el blog. Se invitó a utilizar estas herramientas a los 117 alumnos matriculados en la asignatura de Enfermería en Salud Sexual y Reproductiva de segundo curso de Grado en Enfermería de la Universidad de Valladolid durante un semestre académico (2016-2017). Se midió de forma descriptiva el uso de Facebook y Twitter después del semestre. RESULTADOS: se trabajó en red desde las dos universidades y se generó un intenso flujo de comunicación en gente joven. Twitter logró 1.001 seguidores, 4.267 tweets y 564 "Me gusta". Facebook 2.139 seguidores y un alcance semanal entre 15.000 y 25.000 personas e interacciones por semana de 1.200 a 1500. CONCLUSIONES: aprender a través de estas herramientas gratuitas, fáciles de usar, utilizadas de forma cotidiana, permiten la inmersión de los alumnos en el mundo profesional y de los profesionales en una continua actualización de su disciplina. La rapidez de la difusión de la comunicación que genera, la interacción y poder usarlas desde cualquier lugar y en cualquier momento hace que estas herramientas sean idóneas para el aprendizaje de Enfermería


OBJECTIVE: to understand the impact on social networks of implementing an educational innovation project, consisting in the adaptation of the blog called "Nursing Edublog" as a support tool for face-to-face classes in two Universities from Spain and Mexico, and the communication of educational contents on sexual and reproductive health through the social networks Twitter and Facebook. METHOD: a descriptive study. Profiles were created in social networks, linked and inserted in the blog. The 117 students registered in the course Sexual and Reproductive Health Nursing in the second term of the Nursing Degree at the Universidad de Valladolid were invited to use these tools during an academic semester (2016-2017). There was a descriptive measurement of the use of Facebook and Twitter after the semester. RESULTS: there was on-line work from both universities, and an intense communication flow was generated among young people. Twitter achieved 1,001 followers, 4,267 tweets and 564 Likes. Facebook achieved 2,139 followers, and reached between 15,000 and 25,000 persons per week and 1,200 to 1,500 interactions per week. CONCLUSIONS: learning through these free tools, easy to use and used daily, allow the immersion of students in the professional world, and a continuous update in their discipline for professionals. The fast spread of communication generated, the interaction, and the ability to use them from any place and at any time, make these tools adequate for education on Nursing


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação em Enfermagem/tendências , Educação a Distância/tendências , Mídias Sociais , Webcasts como Assunto/tendências , Materiais de Ensino/provisão & distribução
3.
Sante Publique ; 30(2): 263-271, 2018.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30148314

RESUMO

In the context of therapeutic education for people living with HIV in Africa, educational tools must be adapted to their living environment. OBJECTIVES: To describe the process of designing education tools for patients living with HIV and evaluate their use by African caregivers-educators. METHODS: An eight-step participatory and formative process was carried out to design educational tools. Twenty-one caregivers-educators from nine French-speaking African countries in three focus groups were interviewed on the way in which they used these tools. RESULTS: Fourteen people were trained in the process of designing the tools and training caregivers-educators in their use. Two toolkits were developed (adults and children/adolescents). The image folder was the tool most commonly used. Educators in all countries used tools to address self-care and psychosocial coping skills. The criteria for choosing the tools were linked to their attractiveness, ease of use, their adaptation to the patient's needs and characteristics, and the degree of mastery by the caregiver-educator. The tools helped to structure the education sessions. Brakes to their use were organizational and lack of experience or mastery. CONCLUSION: The participatory and formative approach enabled educators working with patients living with HIV in French-speaking Africa to appropriate the tools. Training was a crucial step in enabling caregiver-educators to master and disseminate the tools, and design new tools.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/terapia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Materiais de Ensino , Adolescente , Adulto , África , Criança , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Grupos Focais , HIV , Humanos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/organização & administração , Autocuidado/métodos , Autocuidado/normas , Materiais de Ensino/normas , Materiais de Ensino/provisão & distribução
4.
Am J Mens Health ; 12(4): 1160-1167, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29649921

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PrCA) is the most common cancer affecting men in the United States, and African American men have the highest incidence among men in the United States. Little is known about the PrCA-related educational materials being provided to patients in health-care settings. Content, readability, and cultural sensitivity of materials available in providers' practices in South Carolina were examined. A total of 44 educational materials about PrCA and associated sexual dysfunction was collected from 16 general and specialty practices. The content of the materials was coded, and cultural sensitivity was assessed using the Cultural Sensitivity Assessment Tool. Flesch Reading Ease, Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level, and the Simple Measure of Gobbledygook were used to assess readability. Communication with health-care providers (52.3%), side effects of PrCA treatment (40.9%), sexual dysfunction and its treatment (38.6%), and treatment options (34.1%) were frequently presented. All materials had acceptable cultural sensitivity scores; however, 2.3% and 15.9% of materials demonstrated unacceptable cultural sensitivity regarding format and visual messages, respectively. Readability of the materials varied. More than half of the materials were written above a high-school reading level. PrCA-related materials available in health-care practices may not meet patients' needs regarding content, cultural sensitivity, and readability. A wide range of educational materials that address various aspects of PrCA, including treatment options and side effects, should be presented in plain language and be culturally sensitive.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Letramento em Saúde/organização & administração , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Materiais de Ensino/provisão & distribução , Idoso , Compreensão , Estudos Transversais , Características Culturais , Pessoal de Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco , South Carolina , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Rev. Síndr. Down ; 34(134): 78-85, sept. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-167034

RESUMO

Educación Responsable comenzó en Cantabria hace ya más de una década. En 2011 la Universidad de Cantabria realizó una evaluación pedagógica y de impacto psicológico, cuyos resultados revelaron que la Educación Responsable favorece la Inteligencia Emocional. Además, se detectaron menores niveles de ansiedad y una mejora en el clima escolar y en el rendimiento académico. Este año, durante el curso 2016-2017, la Fundación Síndrome de Down de Cantabria ha incluido este programa en su formación, aplicando los diferentes recursos que lo forman: Banco de herramientas, Literatura y emociones, ReflejArte y Coro de las Emociones


The program "Educación Responsible" started in Cantabria more than a decade ago. An assessment performed by the University of Cantabria showed its pedagogic and psychological values, leading to an improvement of emotional intelligence. In addition, levels on anxiety were reduced, and the scholar environment and academic output were improved. During the last course 2016-2017, this program has been implemented in the Occupational Center of the Fundación Síndrome de Down de Cantabria, selecting the following domains: Banco de Herramientas, Literatura y Emociones, ReflejArte and Coro de Emociones. Preliminary results are discussed


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação de Pessoa com Deficiência Intelectual/métodos , Materiais de Ensino/provisão & distribução , Síndrome de Down , Inteligência Emocional , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Criatividade
6.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 24(3): e10543, mai./jun. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-947372

RESUMO

Objetivo: caracterizar o espaço escolar e a infraestrututura das escolas de educação de nível médio em enfermagem. Método: estudo descritivo, projeto aprovado pelo protocolo CAAE: 01433012.8.0000.5393, realizado em quatro escolas do estado de São Paulo, cujos dados foram coletados entre agosto/outubro de 2012 por observação não participante e questionário, respondido por quatro coordenadores e analisados a partir do referencial consultado. Resultados: três escolas são privadas, com 766 alunos matriculados e uma é pública, com 53; a infraestrutura de três é adaptada para a função escolar. Conforto ambiental e higiene são considerados. Possuem equipamentos de multimídia. Os laboratórios de enfermagem têm espaço reduzido, os materiais e manequins para simulações são obsoletos, bibliotecas têm acervos reduzidos e desatualizados, inexistem videotecas, laboratórios de anatomia e fisiologia. Conclusão: a infraestrutura e espaço educativo, na maioria das escolas, são improvisados, não atendem ao mínimo requerido, o que possivelmente poderá sacrificar a qualidade do perfil profissional a ser formado.


Objective: to characterize teaching space and infrastructure of middle schools providing vocational education to nursing technicians. Method: this descriptive study (research ethics approval protocol CAAE: 01433012.8.0000.5393) was conducted at four schools in São Paulo State, where data were collected, between August and October 2012, by non-participant observation and a questionnaire answered by four coordinators, and analyzed against a frame of reference. Results: three schools were private (766 students enrolled) and one was public (53 students); at three, infrastructure was adapted to the school function. Environmental comfort and hygiene were contemplated. They had multimedia equipment. Nursing laboratories had limited space, materials and mannequins for simulations were outdated, libraries collections were small and outdated, and there were no video libraries or anatomy and physiology laboratories. Conclusion: at most of the schools, infrastructure and teaching space were improvised and did not meet minimum requirements, which may possibly sacrifice quality in the profile of professional to be trained.


Objetivo: caracterizar el entorno escolar y la infraestructura de escuelas técnicas en enfermería. Método: estudio descriptivo. Protocolo CAAE: 01433012.8.0000.5393. Se llevó a cabo en cuatro escuelas en el estado de São Paulo, cuyos datos fueron recolectados entre agosto/ octubre de 2012 por la observación no participante y el cuestionario, contestado por los cuatro coordinadores y se analizaron mediante la consulta de referencia. Resultados: tres escuelas son privadas, con 766 alumnos matriculados y el público tiene 53; la infraestructura de los tres está adaptada para la función de la escuela. El confort ambiental y la higiene son considerados. Tienen equipos multimedia. Laboratorios de enfermería tienen un espacio limitado, son materiales obsoletos y maniquíes para las simulaciones, las bibliotecas han reducido y las colecciones obsoletas, no existen laboratorios videotecas, anatomía y fisiología. Conclusión: la infraestructura y el espacio educativo en la mayoría de las escuelas se improvisan no cumple con el mínimo requerido, lo que podría sacrificar la calidad del perfil profesional a formar.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Escolas de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Materiais de Ensino/provisão & distribução , Educação em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Educação Profissionalizante/organização & administração , Técnicos de Enfermagem/educação , Epidemiologia Descritiva
7.
Clin J Oncol Nurs ; 20(2): 126-8, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26991703

RESUMO

The purpose of this article is to share one institution's intervention to improve oral chemotherapy patient education. The overall aim was to provide clinicians with a single source of educational materials that would meet a diverse group of patients' educational needs and be consistent with published guidelines.
.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Materiais de Ensino/provisão & distribução , Acesso à Informação , Administração Oral , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , CD-ROM , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gestão da Qualidade Total , Estados Unidos
8.
BMC Med Educ ; 16: 7, 2016 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26754328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Students often strategically adopt surface approaches to learning anatomy in order to pass this necessarily content-heavy subject. The consequence of this approach, without understanding and contextualisation, limits transfer of anatomical knowledge to clinical applications. Encouraging deep approaches to learning is challenging in the current environment of lectures and laboratory-based practica. A novel interactive anatomy workshop was proposed in an attempt to address this issue. METHODS: This workshop comprised of body painting, clay modelling, white-boarding and quizzes, and was undertaken by 66 health science students utilising their preferred learning styles. Performance was measured prior to the workshop at the mid-semester examination and after the workshop at the end-semester examination. Differences between mid- and end-semester performances were calculated and compared between workshop attendees and non-attendees. Baseline, post-workshop and follow-up surveys were administered to identify learning styles, goals for attendance, useful aspects of the workshop and self-confidence ratings. RESULTS: Workshop attendees significantly improved their performance compared to non-attendees (p = 0.001) despite a difference at baseline (p = 0.05). Increased self-confidence was reported by the attendees (p < 0.001). To optimise their learning, 97% of attendees reported utilising multi-modal learning styles. Five main goals for participating in the workshop included: understanding, strategic engagement, examination preparation, memorisation and increasing self-confidence. All attendees reported achieving these goals. The most useful components of the workshop were body painting and clay modelling. CONCLUSIONS: This interactive workshop improved attendees' examination performance and promoted engaged-enquiry and deeper learning. This tool accommodates varied learning styles and improves self-confidence, which may be a valuable supplement to traditional anatomy teaching.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , Educação de Graduação em Medicina/organização & administração , Educação/organização & administração , Aprendizagem/fisiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Currículo , Avaliação Educacional , Retroalimentação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Resolução de Problemas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Materiais de Ensino/provisão & distribução , Adulto Jovem
9.
Index enferm ; 24(1/2): 93-97, ene.-jun. 2015.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-140976

RESUMO

Las reformas promovidas por el proceso Bolonia han implicado cambios en las formas de enseñar y aprender dentro del marco del Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior. Esta amplia remodelación trae consigo por un lado un cambio estructural y, por otro, una reconceptualización del proceso de aprendizaje apoyada en las teorías constructivistas, a través de estrategias metodológicas de construcción del conocimiento desarrolladas por los estudiantes. El objetivo del presente artículo es presentar una reflexión teórica acerca del uso del portafolio como recurso didáctico para la enseñanza y aprendizaje dentro de este contexto. Se ha observado que la implicación de los estudiantes en la identificación de los problemas a través del portafolio, facilita a los docentes una mayor comprensión de los procesos de aprendizaje de los estudiantes, así como una oportunidad para éstos de efectuar un aprendizaje más reflexivo, autónomo y participativo, tan importante en disciplinas eminentemente prácticas como la Enfermería


The reforms promoted by the Bologna process have led to changes in the forms of teaching and learning within the framework of European Higher Education. This brings extensive remodeling on the one hand a structural change and on the other, a re-conceptualization of the learning process supported by constructivist theories, through methodological strategies developed knowledge construction by students. The aim of this paper is to present a theoretical reflection on using the portfolio as a teaching resource for teaching and learning in this context. It has been observed that the involvement of students in identifying problems through the portfolio, provides teachers with a greater understanding of the learning processes of students as well as an opportunity for them to make a more reflective learning, independent and participatory practices eminently important in disciplines such as Nursing


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Aprendizagem , Materiais de Ensino/provisão & distribução , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem
11.
Fam Med ; 47(5): 393-6, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25905884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The online STFM Resource Library (RL) was launched in 2005 by STFM with a grant from the National Library of Medicine. This study was conducted to assess the RL usage patterns and RL-related perceptions of family medicine program directors (PDs) to guide potential process improvement. METHODS: Questions about the RL were included in a larger omnibus survey conducted by the CAFM Educational Research Alliance (CERA). The sampling frame for the survey was all US family medicine PDs as identified by the Association of Family Medicine Residency Directors. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 50.9% (224/440). A total of 170 (75.9%) had previously used the RL. PDs from university-affiliated programs were more likely to have used the RL (92.7% versus 73.7%). Forty percent of respondents reported the RL was easy to use, and 25.3% agreed that the RL is more valuable than other medical education web sites. Respondents who had been PD for less than 5 years reported a greater relative advantage of the RL (31.9% versus 17.9%). Women reported higher relative advantage for the RL than men (34.5% versus 20.5%). CONCLUSIONS: PDs who have used the site report relatively low satisfaction with its ease of use and relative value. Most do not consider it to be more useful than other medical education web sites. Women PDs rate the resource higher than men. The RL is a widely used resource that could be updated to make it easier to use and more valuable to family medicine educators.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Docentes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicina de Família e Comunidade/educação , Serviços de Biblioteca , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Internato e Residência/métodos , Serviços de Biblioteca/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Biblioteca/provisão & distribução , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Materiais de Ensino/provisão & distribução
13.
Hum Resour Health ; 12: 63, 2014 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25367224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical training has shown to be strategic for strengthening health systems, especially in those countries identified to have critical shortage of human resources for health. In the past few years, several studies have been conducted to characterize and identify major challenges faced by medical schools worldwide, and particularly in Africa. Nevertheless, none has previously addressed medical training issues in Portuguese Speaking African Countries (PSAC). The aim of this study was to establish baseline knowledge of the PSAC's medical schools in terms of creation and ownership, programmes offered, applicants and registered students, barriers to increased intake of students, teaching workforce and available resources. METHODS: A quantitative, observational, multicentric, cross-sectional study of all medical schools active in 2012 in the PSAC. An adapted version of the questionnaires developed by Chen et al. (2012) was sent to all medical schools electronically. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: A total of nine medical schools answered the questionnaire (three from Angola, two from Guinea Bissau and four from Mozambique). Since 2006 an effort has been made to increase the number of medical trainees. Besides the medical degree offered by all schools, some offered other undergraduate and postgraduate training programmes. The number of applicants to medical schools largely outnumbers the available vacancies in all countries but insufficient infrastructures and lack of teaching personnel are important constraints to increase vacancies. The teaching personnel are mainly trained abroad, employed part-time by the medical school and do not have a PhD qualification. CONCLUSION: Governments in the PSAC have significantly invested in training to address medical shortages. However, medical schools are still struggling to give an adequate and effective response. Developing a local postgraduate training capacity for doctors might be an important strategy to help retain medical doctors in the home country and develop local faculty capacity.


Assuntos
Educação Médica/organização & administração , Médicos/provisão & distribução , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , África Ocidental , Angola , Estudos Transversais , Educação Médica/economia , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Guiné-Bissau , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Moçambique , Faculdades de Medicina/organização & administração , Materiais de Ensino/provisão & distribução
14.
Rev cienc méd pinar río ; 18(5)sept.-oct. 2014. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-59677

RESUMO

La Educación Superior Cubana centra su atención en formar profesionales capaces de orientar su actuación en la profesión con iniciativa, flexibilidad y autonomía, partir de la integración de conocimientos, habilidades, motivos y valores que se expresan en su desempeño. La limitante del diseño curricular de la asignatura Historia de la Estomatología y del libro de texto, que no incluye los elementos del contexto universitario local motivó la investigación que trazó como. Determinar las limitantes existentes de los materiales de enseñanza empleados en el proceso de aprendizaje de la asignatura Historia de la Estomatología del Plan D Investigación pedagógica con enfoque dialéctico materialista que empleo diversos métodos, materialista-dialéctico, análisis histórico-lógico y empírico. Se revisaron documentos, se realizaron encuestas, y valoraciones de expertos. Los resultados fueron analizados mediante estadística descriptiva. Los estudiantes de 2do y 4to año de la Carrera de Estomatología evidenciaron desconocimiento en mas del 80 por ciento de los encuestados sobre la Historia de la formación de recursos humanos en Estomatología en la Provincia de Pinar del Río, el 100 por ciento creyó importante conocer el desarrollo de dicha formación y coincidieron en la necesidad de literatura docente para adquirir estos conocimientos.Es insuficiente la literatura existente para el estudio de los referentes locales en la formación de recursos humanos en Estomatología y se propone elaborar un material docente para la asignatura Historia de la Estomatología, que describa La Historia de la formación de recursos Humanos en Pinar del Río desde 1959 hasta 2013(AU)


Cuban Higher Education centers its attention towards training professional capable of directing their performance profile with initiative, flexibility and autonomy, starting from the integration of knowledge, skills, motivation, and values expressed in their performance. The limiting component of the syllabus design for the subject History of Dentistry and the textbook, not including the elements of the university local context, motivated this research.The objective was to determine the limiting aspects existing in regard to the teaching material used in the learning process of the subject History of Dentistry in the D Syllabus Plan. Cross-sectional descriptive research using diverse methods: materialistic-dialectical, historic and logical analysis and empirical ones. Papers were reviewed, surveys were conducted, and experts were interviewed for their evaluations. The results were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics. The second and fourth years Dentistry students showed lack of knowledge in more than 80 per cent of the surveyed, regarding the history of human resources training in Dentistry in Pinar del Río Province. The total 100 per cent considered important to know the development of such training and coincided in the idea that the teaching materials and bibliography are needed to acquire these knowledge.The existing literature is insufficient for the study of the local referents in the training of human resources in Dentistry, and it has been proposed to elaborate a teaching material for the subject History of Dentistry, which describes the history of human resources training in Pinar del Río from1959 to 2013(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação em Odontologia/métodos , Educação em Odontologia/história , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Ensino , Materiais de Ensino/economia , Materiais de Ensino/provisão & distribução
15.
Rev cienc méd pinar río ; 18(5)sept.-oct. 2014.
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-59676

RESUMO

Los medios de enseñanza constituyen uno de los componentes del proceso docente educativo que favorece la concepción científica del mundo y la asimilación de los conocimientos. Caracterizar los medios de enseñanza y el uso de las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones en el proceso de formación de tecnólogos de la salud en la carrera de Bioanálisis Clínico. Estudio de corte pedagógico en la carrera de Bioanálisis Clínico de la Filial Tecnológica Simón Bolivar de Pinar del Río donde se emplearon métodos del nivel teórico y del nivel empírico como la encuesta a alumnos y la entrevista a profesores. Se hizo coincidir de forma intencionada el universo y la muestra (67 estudiantes y 17 profesores). Los medios más utilizados fueron los tradicionales, se considera insuficiente los productos informáticos en la institución, se valora como positivo y necesario el uso de las nuevas tecnologías para la confección de medios de enseñanza. Los medios más utilizados en el aprendizaje de los contenidos de las asignaturas en la carrera son los medios tradicionales. Se carece de bibliografía básica en las asignatura para la dirección adecuada del proceso enseñanza-aprendizaje y de medios de enseñanza apoyados por la tecnología para satisfacer la asequibilidad en su asimilación y la motivación por el aprendizaje(AU)


Teaching aids constitute one of the components of the teaching-learning process which favour the scientific conception of the world and the assimilation of knowledge. the objective was to characterize the use of teaching aids and of the information and communication technologies in the training of health technologist in the major Clinical Bio-analysis. Pedagogical study in the major Clinical Bio-analysis in Simon Bolivar Pinar del Río Technological Branch, using both theoretical and empirical methods, such as surveys on students and interviews on professors. The target groups and the sample were intentionally coincident (67 students and 17 professors). The most used teaching aids were the traditional ones, while hardware and software products are considered insufficient in the institution and it is evaluated as positive and necessary the use of the new technologies for the elaboration of teaching aids. The most widely-used teaching aids in learning the major's contents are the traditional ones. The basic bibliography is scarce for the proper direction of the teaching-learning process, as well as the teaching aids supported by the technology in order to meet the accessibility in the assimilation and motivation towards learning(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Ensino/métodos , Educação Profissionalizante , Materiais de Ensino/provisão & distribução , Tecnologia Educacional/educação
16.
Foot Ankle Int ; 35(12): 1282-6, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25239196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown the need for improving the readability of many patient education materials to increase patient comprehension. This study's purpose was to determine the readability of foot and ankle patient education materials and to determine the extent readability can be improved. We hypothesized that the reading levels would be above the recommended guidelines and that decreasing the sentence length would also decrease the reading level of these patient educational materials. METHODS: Patient education materials from online public sources were collected. The readability of these articles was assessed by a readability software program. The detailed instructions provided by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) were then used as a guideline for performing edits to help improve the readability of selected articles. The most quantitative guideline, lowering all sentences to less than 15 words, was chosen to show the effect of following the NIH recommendations. RESULTS: The reading levels of the sampled articles were above the sixth to seventh grade recommendations of the NIH. The MedlinePlus website, which is a part of the NIH website, had the lowest reading level (8.1). The articles edited had an average reduction of 1.41 grade levels, with the lowest reduction in the Medline articles of 0.65. CONCLUSION: Providing detailed instructions to the authors writing these patient education articles and implementing editing techniques based on previous recommendations could lead to an improvement in the readability of patient education materials. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study provides authors of patient education materials with simple editing techniques that will allow for the improvement in the readability of online patient educational materials. The improvement in readability will provide patients with more comprehendible education materials that can strengthen patient awareness of medical problems and treatments.


Assuntos
Compreensão , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/métodos , Internet , Ortopedia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Tornozelo , Feminino , Doenças do Pé , Letramento em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Melhoria de Qualidade , Materiais de Ensino/provisão & distribução , Estados Unidos
18.
Clin Pediatr (Phila) ; 53(8): 733-41, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24607664

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the status of pulse oximetry screening and barriers to implementing screening programs. METHODS: This was a prospective pre-post intervention survey of nurse managers and medical directors of hospital-based birthing centers in Oregon, Idaho, and Southern Washington. The intervention was a 7-minute video demonstrating and discussing pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart disease. RESULTS: Analysis of matched pairs showed a significant increase in the use of pulse oximetry screening during the study period from 52% to 73% (P < .0001). Following implementation of the video, the perception of all queried potential barriers decreased significantly among individuals from hospitals self-identified as nonscreening at baseline. Viewing the educational video was associated with an increase in the percentage of individuals from nonscreening hospitals that rated screening as "very beneficial" (45% vs 90%, P = .0001). CONCLUSIONS: An educational video was associated with improved opinions of pulse oximetry screening among hospitals not currently screening.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico , Triagem Neonatal/métodos , Oximetria/métodos , Materiais de Ensino/provisão & distribução , Gravação em Vídeo , Adulto , Competência Clínica , Estado Terminal , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Capacitação em Serviço/métodos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
19.
Med Educ ; 47(8): 811-9, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23837427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Improving efficiencies in the education sector via the sharing of resources is currently the source of much interest and investment within Australia and throughout the world. Despite the development of multiple educational resource repositories worldwide, educators seldom use repositories to share materials. Interprofessional sharing is similarly scarce. This research was designed to identify staff perceptions about inter-departmental sharing of teaching and learning resources within a university faculty. METHODS: Representatives were recruited over a 2-week period from four campuses of a university, spanning six departments. Participants took part in two focus groups and six semi-structured interviews. A thematic analysis was undertaken by two independent researchers. RESULTS: Five key themes emerged: the benefits of electronic resources for improving student education; perceptions of sharing; perceptions of ownership; the ethical use of resources and digital repositories; the requirements for adoption. CONCLUSIONS: Our research confirms that educators believe interprofessional resource sharing to be beneficial and appropriate. However, concerns that resources are of insufficient quality or will be incorrectly attributed surfaced as barriers to sharing. Poor understanding and ambiguity surrounding intellectual property rights highlighted the need for repository communities to be sufficiently educated. Developing a commonly agreed metadata and labelling system, and linking with existing infrastructure, will enhance the impact of a learning object repository. Providing avenues for sharing, such as resource repositories, may assist in aligning education with the well-established process of peer review utilised by the research community, improving resource quality through exposure to others' perspectives and feedback. Furthermore, the increased accountability, restriction and familiarity of repositories may prove beneficial in encouraging sharing.


Assuntos
Comportamento Cooperativo , Educação Médica/normas , Faculdades de Medicina/organização & administração , Materiais de Ensino/provisão & distribução , Universidades/organização & administração , Austrália , Humanos
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