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1.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 38(3): 319-322, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004733

RESUMO

Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor is a rare benign congenital neoplasm involving the head-and-neck region found in infants <1 year of age. The lesion most commonly affects the maxilla. We report the case of a 4-month-old male child with a tumor involving the anterior region of the maxilla along with a brief review of literature, differential diagnosis, and treatment.


Assuntos
Tumor Neuroectodérmico Melanótico , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Maxila , Tumor Neuroectodérmico Melanótico/diagnóstico , Tumor Neuroectodérmico Melanótico/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumor Neuroectodérmico Melanótico/cirurgia
2.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(6): 696-700, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025942

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the available evidence to identify the influence of pterygomaxillary disjunction on the result of surgically assisted maxillary expansion. BACKGROUND: LeFort I type osteotomy with disjunction of the pterygomaxillary suture is a procedure widely used in maxillofacial surgery. However, the need for its performance during surgically assisted maxillary expansions has been discussed in literature, since serious complications can be caused during this stage. REVIEW RESULTS: Systematic review of articles was performed using three databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane) published until May 2019. After applying the selection criteria, five articles were included in the systematic review, with a total of 141 patients. Meta-analysis showed the absence of significant difference between intervention and control groups in the preoperative period (standardized mean difference = -0.28; confidence interval, CI 95% = -0.81, 0.26; p = 0.31) and postoperative period (standardized mean difference = -0.12; 95% CI = -0.65, 0.42; p = 0.66). In general, the heterogeneity of statistical estimates was low (I2 = 0%). CONCLUSION: No statistically significant difference was observed between control group (without pterygomaxillary disjunction) and intervention group (with pterygomaxillary disjunction). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Based on the data analyzed in this systematic review, it could be concluded that pterygomaxillary disjunction is not a mandatory step to achieve satisfactory maxillary expansion. Thus, not performing pterygomaxillary disjunction can prevent complications and reduce surgical time.


Assuntos
Maxila , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Humanos , Maxila/cirurgia , Osteotomia de Le Fort
3.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(7): 723-727, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020353

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the angulation of maxillary left (UL) and right (UR) incisors and the width of alveolar bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted using archived cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of 50 male and 50 female patients. The UL and UR incisors were compared in terms of incisor/palatal plane angle, collum angle, labiopalatal crown-root position, and alveolar bone width (ABW). The comparison, with reference to gender and age, was analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and independent sample t test. RESULTS: There is no substantial variance in the average differences of the assessed variables for UR and UL central incisors (p > 0.05). No significant association was found between crown labial to root and root labial to crown positions for both central incisors (p > 0.05). Statistical analyses revealed that tooth type has no significant association with the central incisors-related variables. Alveolar bone width, at various areas assessed, showed significant relation to gender. On the other hand, incisor/palatal plane angle and ABW at the cementoenamel junction and at level of Point A (subnasale) were significantly affected by age. CONCLUSION: Gender can significantly affect the development of ABW. Also, incisor/palatal plane angle and ABW at certain areas are correlated with age. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Understanding the similarities or differences between right and left maxillary central incisors may give better indication if cephalometric images are accurate in attaining such measurements. This in turn will also help orthodontist to choose the proper tool for treatment decision-making related to incisor tooth movement.


Assuntos
Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Palato , Coroa do Dente
4.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(7): 765-768, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020360

RESUMO

AIM: The present study was conducted to evaluate the reliability of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in dental asymmetry with skeletal midline deviation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 124 patients (males 52, females 72) who underwent orthodontic treatment. The CBCT scan was obtained with the Planmica machine. Three maxillofacial radiologists evaluated 10 landmarks and 12 distances on maxillary and mandibular arches on CBCT images in all patients. RESULTS: Interobserver mean difference at point 1 was 0.33; point 2, 0.34; point 3, 0.32; point 4, 0.58; point 5, 0.56; point 6, 0.44; point 7, 0.28; point 8, 0.22; point 9, 0.54; point 10, 0.21; point 11, 0.34; and point 12, 0.36. The discrepancy between intra- and interobserver was not considerable (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Cone-beam computed tomography is useful for diagnosis of skeletal asymmetry. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Cone-beam computed tomography is a reliable and reproducible tool for diagnosis of skeletal asymmetry for successful orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
5.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(7): 803-807, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020367

RESUMO

AIM: To demonstrate an exceptional result in the treatment of an avulsed tooth that had been stored in a dry environment for over 2 hours before being replanted. BACKGROUND: Sixteen percent of all traumatic injuries to the permanent dentition are avulsions. Maxillary central and lateral incisors are most commonly affected. CASE DESCRIPTION: In this report, a 7-year-old girl sustained trauma to the upper right maxillary incisor during a bicycle accident. The tooth was avulsed and remained outside the oral cavity for more than 2 hours in a dry napkin before eventual reimplantation in the emergency room. Upon presentation to the endodontic clinic at the University of Southern California, the case was assessed, and the available treatment options discussed with the patient's parents. Revascularization using BC putty was the chosen mode of treatment. At a 6-month recall appointment, the patient presented with a sinus tract. A decision was then made to perform apexification using the mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as an apical filling material. To date, the tooth remains intact and functional. CONCLUSION: Although both of the described treatment modalities are acceptable and commonly used in modern endodontics, apexification of a tooth following a failed attempt of a regenerative procedure has not been described. In this case, a chronic abscess formed and the ultimate goal of revascularization was not achieved. However, the performance of the revascularization procedure was not without benefit since it allowed the tooth to develop in both length, dentinal volume, and aided in the partial closure of the apical foramen. Additional studies are needed regarding the treatment of avulsed teeth. This case study may provide a viable treatment alternative in a number of clinical situations. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The procedures described in this case report may be of clinical significance in the treatment and retention of teeth, which may otherwise be considered to have a poor prognosis and extracted.


Assuntos
Apexificação , Avulsão Dentária/cirurgia , Avulsão Dentária/terapia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo , Maxila/cirurgia , Ápice Dentário
6.
J Oral Implantol ; 46(4): 423-429, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031546

RESUMO

The aim of this case report was to report the course of treatment for advanced paranasal sinus infection triggered by peri-implantitis, managed using functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), with outcomes. A nonsmoking male patient received sinus augmentation with implant placement on his left posterior maxilla 15 years ago. Possibly due to noncompliance to maintenance, peri-implantitis developed and progressed into the augmented bone area in the maxilla. Eventually, maxillary sinusitis occurred concomitantly with a spread of the infection to the other paranasal sinuses. Implant removal and intraoral debridement of inflammatory tissue were performed, but there was no resolution. Subsequently, FESS was performed, with removal of nasal polyp and sequestrum. After FESS, the patient's sinusitis resolved. Histologically, the sequestrum was composed of bone substitute particles, necrotic bone, stromal fibrosis, and a very limited cellular component. Two implants were placed on the present site, and no adverse event occurred for up to 1 year after the insertion of the final prosthesis. Peri-implantitis in the posterior maxilla can trigger maxillary sinusitis with concomitant infection to the neighboring paranasal sinuses. FESS should be considered to treat this condition.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Sinusite Maxilar , Peri-Implantite , Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Seio Maxilar , Sinusite Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Sinusite Maxilar/etiologia , Sinusite Maxilar/cirurgia , Peri-Implantite/diagnóstico por imagem , Peri-Implantite/etiologia , Peri-Implantite/cirurgia
7.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 99(5): 74-79, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034181

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the growth of oncological diseases of the maxillofacial region, there is an increasing need to improve methods of orthopedic treatment of post-resection defects of the upper jaw with modern designs of replacement prostheses. OBJECTIVE: Improving the quality of orthopedic treatment by creating an improved upper jaw resection prosthesis and justifying its use. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied the effectiveness of orthopedic treatment of post-resection defects of the upper jaw using the proposed replacement prosthesis with a pneumatic obturator. A special questionnaire was used to analyze the level of adaptation and maladaptation of patients. RESULTS: There was a significant decrease in complaints and adaptation time in the group of patients with a replacement prosthesis with a pneumatic obturator. CONCLUSION: The use of the proposed resection removable prosthesis helps to reduce the period of adaptation to the prosthesis, which indicates that it can be widely used in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Maxila , Obturadores Palatinos , Humanos , Maxila/cirurgia
8.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(3): 287-292, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043346

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze 8-year cone-beam CT (CBCT) data of early, delayed and late implantation around maxillary area of patients with single dental implant after tooth extraction, and to investigate the effect of implantation at different times on implants, in order to provide valuable information for correct selection of appropriate implant timing after tooth extraction. METHODS: Clinical data of 68 patients who received single-tooth implant after tooth extraction in our hospital from January 2010 to December 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. According to different implantation times, the patients were divided into three groups: group A (n=25), group B (n=24) and group C (n=19). All patients were followed up for 8 years, and the buccal bone defects were recorded. The adjacent bone level and bone defects were analyzed based on CBCT images and posteroanterior(PA) radiographs. The data were processed with SPSS 18.0 software package. RESULTS: The success rate of mini-implants was 92.59%(150/162). Univariate analysis of variance showed that there was significant difference in the success rate of implantation among three groups(P<0.05). Paired comparison showed that the success rate of implantation among three groups was the highest in group C, followed by group B and group A (P<0.05). 8-year CBCT image data of 51 patients included 16 in group A, 20 in group B and 15 in group C. The adjacent bone levels showed no significant difference between CBCT and PA images(P>0.05). Insertion torque and pullout torque showed no significant difference among three groups(P>0.05). Implant timing, insertion torque and pullout torque were the high-risk factors affecting implant success rate(P<0.05). After 8 years of implant placement, there was no significant difference in bone level among three groups (P>0.05). In the second stage of operation, bone defect rate of group C was significantly less than that of group A and B (P<0.05). The average maxillary bone level of implants with no bone defects was lower than that of implants with dehiscence-type defects (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Implant placement time after extraction has no impact on adjacent bone level, but different implant times can affect the success rate of implant; moreover, the indication of immediate implant should be strictly controlled.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Implantes Dentários , Humanos , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Extração Dentária
9.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(10): 743-749, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045785

RESUMO

Objective: To quantitatively evaluate the change of the long axis angle and the relative displacement of the crown feature points of the posterior teeth under normal bite force utilizing an intraoral scanner, and to provide clinical reference. Methods: From May to December 2019, fifteen graduate volunteers (5 males and 10 females, aged from 22 to 30, with an average age of 25.7 years) from Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology were recruited to participate in the study. The surface data (U1, L1) of the maxillary and mandibular posterior teeth were scanned by an intraoral scanner i500, and saved as original data. The volunteers were guided to bite in the intercuspal position with normal bite force. The buccal bite data of the posterior teeth were scanned as the basis for registration. The digital casts were imported into Geomagic studio 2013 software and the boundary lines along the gingival margin and mesial and distal contact area of posterior teeth of data (U1, L1) were determined. Long axis of the crown, crown centroid and mesial functional cusp vertex were establishd. The data (U1, L1) were segmented into single tooth. Single tooth was aligned to buccal bite data separately using best-fit alignment command based on the buccal common area of the crown and new casts data (U2, L2) were obtained as the data under bite force. The long axis angle and centroid distance between adjacent teeth (second premolar and first molar, second molar and first molar) were measured and the deviation between data obtained at mouth-open state and that at biting state was calculated. Negative value meant centroid distance became shorter under bite force. The first molar was set as the common area and registrate the U1, L1 to U2, L2. The angle of long axes, and displacement of centroid and of functional cusp vertex between second premolar of two casts were calculated, as well as between second molar of two casts. Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to analyze the differences of teeth displacement between second premolar and second molar, and between maxillary and mandibular jaws with SPSS 26.0 statistical software. Results: The result of second premolar and second molar in the same jaw had no statistical difference (P>0.05). The centroid distance deviation of mandibular second premolar-first molar [-0.022(0.046) mm] was larger than that of maxilla [-0.006 (0.040) mm] (P<0.05). The long axis angle of second premolar itself [0.913°(0.647°)] and centroid distance of second molar itself [0.102 (0.106) mm] on the mandibular jaw were different from that on the maxillary jaw, which were 0.590°(0.550°) and 0.074(0.060) mm respectively (P<0.05). Conclusions: Under bite force, displacement of the second premolar and second molar was present, including the displacement of centroids and deflection of long axes. The mandibular posterior teeth have larger displacement than the maxillary teeth.


Assuntos
Força de Mordida , Dente Molar , Adulto , Dente Pré-Molar , Oclusão Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem
10.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(10): 799-802, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045795
11.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 907-912, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047728

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical success of the treatment of maxillary anterior primary incisors caries with composite resin strip crowns. METHODS: Children who presented with severe early childhood caries and were treated comprehensive caries under general anesthesia from January to December 2016 were enrolled in this study. Composite crowns using preformed celluloid crown (3M ESPE, USA) called as "strip crown technique" were applied to treat vital primary incisors with two or multiple surface cavities. Selective etchings of enamel, Universal Bond adhesive and 3M Z350 resin were used to make strip crowns. The patients returned at the end of 6, 12 and 18 months and received clinical and radiologic examinations. Dentists who did not attend the treatment evaluated the strip crowns clinically by modified United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria. RESULTS: Four hundred eighteen restorations, placed in 127 children aged 1.17-5.75 years (average of 3.22), were evaluated. The overall retention rate was 97.8% at the end of 6 months, 93.6% at 12 months and 89.2% at 18 months. After 18 months, 28 restorations (6.7%) were totally lost and 4.1% were rated as having lost some resin material. Only four teeth (1.0%) had secondary caries at the end of 18 months and 1.4% teeth had pulpal pathology requiring root canal treatment. Composite crowns had good performance in contour and adjacent contact and improved aesthetics significantly. Twenty-nine teeth (6.9%) showed mild gingivitis and 93.1% showed healthy gingival. 11.2% of the teeth demonstrated color change because plaque accumulation and the polish could remove the stains. The complete loss of strip crowns was mainly related to eating bites. CONCLUSION: Strip crowns performed well for restoring primary incisors with large or multisurface caries for periods of over 18 months. The strip crowns can be a durable and aesthetic restoration for vital carious primary incisors with adequate tooth structure after caries removal. Functional movement is an important cause of complete loss. Because of the high technical sensitivity and its requirement of the cooperation of children, strip crowns are more suitable for older and cooperative children as well as children receiving dental treatment under sedation or general anesthesia.


Assuntos
Incisivo , Dente Decíduo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Resinas Compostas , Coroas , Humanos , Lactente , Maxila , Estados Unidos
12.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 924-930, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047731

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the applicability of integration between three-dimensional (3D) facial and dental data to evaluate the nasolabial morphology variation before and after the cross-arch fixed restoration of the maxillary implant-supported prostheses. METHODS: Twelve patients (4 women and 8 men), mean age (54.82±5.50) years (from 45 to 62 years) referred to the Department of Oral Implan-tology, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, were selected and diagnosed with edentulous maxilla. For all the patients, 4 to 6 implants were inserted into the maxilla. Six months later, the final cross-arch fixed prostheses were delivered. The 3D facial images were collected before and after the final restoration. The 3D data of prostheses were also captured. All the 3D data were registered and measured in the same coordinate system. Then the displacement of all the landmarks [cheilion left (CHL), cheilion right (CHR), crista philtri left (CPHL), crista philtri right (CPHR), labrale supe-rius (LS), subnasale (SN), stomion (STO), upper incisor (UI), upper flange border of the prostheses (F-point, F)], and the variation of the distances between these landmarks (SN-LS, CPHR-CPHL, CHR-CHL, LS-STO) were analyzed and compared. RESULTS: The consistency test among three measurements of the length of F-SN indicated that the integration method of the dental prostheses and soft tissue had the good repetitiveness, ICC=0.983 (95%CI: 0.957-0.995). After wearing the final cross-arch maxillary implant-supported prostheses, all the landmarks on the soft tissue moved forward. The nasal base area changed minimally, and the shift of SN in the sagittal direction was only (0.61±0.44) mm. But the sagittal shift of LS was (3.12±1.38) mm. In the vertical direction, SN, LS, CPHL, and CPHR moved upward. But STO, CHL, and CHR moved downward a little. Except for the slight decrease of the length of philtrum (SN-LS), the length of CHL-CHR, CPHL-CPHR, and the height of upper lip were increased together (P < 0.01). In the direction of Z axis, the strong correlations were found not only between the movements of SN and F (r=0.904 3) but also between the movements of LS and UI (r=0.958 4). CONCLUSION: The integration method of 3D facial and dental data showed good repetitiveness. And the strong correlations between the landmarks of prostheses and nasolabial soft tissue in the sagittal direction were found by this new method.


Assuntos
Maxila , Boca Edêntula , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo , Lábio , Masculino , Maxila/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Próteses e Implantes
13.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 938-942, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047733

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the position change of the fibular bone after maxillary reconstruction by free fibular flap and to analyze the factors affecting the position change. METHODS: Patients who underwent maxillary reconstruction by free fibular flap in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from November 2012 to November 2016 were enrolled in this study. CT scans 1 week and 1 year postoperatively were collected and stored in DICOM format. The ProPlan CMF software was used to reconstruct the CT scans and separate the maxilla and each segment of the fibular flap. The Geomagic Control software was used to measure the long axis direction vector of each fibular segment. And the position change direction was recorded. The patients were divided into groups according to the use of the fibula or titanium plate to reconstruct the zygomaticmaxillary buttress. RESULTS: A total of 32 patients were enrolled. Among them, 21 were in the titanium plate group and 11 in the fibula bone group. The angle between the long axis of the fibular segment and the X axis in the X-Y plane was 95.65°±53.49° and 95.53°±52.77°, 1 week and 1 year postoperatively, and there was no statistical difference (P>0.05). The angle between the long axis of the fibular segment and the X axis in the X-Z plane was 96.88°±69.76° and 95.33°±67.42°, respectively, with statistical difference (P=0.0497). The angular changes of the long axis of the fibular segment in the titanium plate group and the fibular bone group were 3.23°±3.93° and 1.94°±1.78°, respectively, and the angular changes in the X-Z plane were 6.02°±9.89° and 3.27°±2.31°, respectively. There was no significant difference between the groups (P>0.05). The long axis changes of the fibular segment in the X-Y plane for reconstruction of the anterior alveolar, posterior alveolar, and buttress were 3.13°±3.78°, 2.56°±3.17°, and 5.51°±4.39°, respectively. There was a statistical difference (P = 0.023) between the posterior and buttress. In the X-Z plane, theses were 4.94°±4.75°, 5.26°±10.25°, 6.69°±6.52°, respectively. There was no statistical difference among the three groups (P>0.05). The main positional deviation directions of the titanium plate group and the fibular bone group were interior and superior sides, and there was no statistical difference between the two groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: One year postoperatively, the position of the free fibular flap was changed compared with 1 week postoperatively. The position of the free fibular flap was mainly changed to the interior and superior sides.


Assuntos
Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Reconstrução Mandibular , Transplante Ósseo , Fíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia
17.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 158(4): 599-611, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988568

RESUMO

Growth modification is a feasible approach for the treatment of skeletal Class II malocclusion. A positive association was found between the lateral functional shift of the mandible due to occlusal prematurities and skeletal changes. This finding is reminiscent of an equivalent anteroposterior skeletal effect of the anterior functional shift of the mandible. Inclined planes can be considered as a form of premature contact. In this case, bonded occlusal maxillary and mandibular bite raisers were used to create occlusal prematurities artificially. These bonded inclined bite raisers are used in conjunction with full-time light short Class II elastics. The results showed an improvement in profile convexity and achievement of Class I canines and molars. The bonded inclined bite raisers combined with light and short intermaxillary elastics can correct Class II malocclusion and improve the soft tissue profile.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/terapia , Cefalometria , Oclusão Dentária , Humanos , Mandíbula , Maxila
18.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 158(4): e37-e42, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988573

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: With the increasing demand for facial esthetics, patients' expectations regarding dental treatment have increased. The treatment of maxillary median diastemas (MMDs) stands out as one of the most noticeable esthetic alterations performed on patients. The objectives of the present article were to evaluate the effects of MMD and its restorations on the esthetics of a smile and to determine the differences in esthetic perceptions among 3 different groups of patients: orthodontists, prosthodontists, and laypeople. METHODS: Printed photographic images were randomly arranged in an album that contained the original photograph of the smile, 8 photographs with digitally created diastemas (0.5 mm, 1.0 mm, 1.5 mm, 2.0 mm, 2.5 mm, 3.0 mm, 4.0 mm, and 5.0 mm), and 8 with simulated restorations of these spaces. Each evaluator assigned scores to the images using a 100-mm visual analogue scale. RESULTS: Orthodontists, prosthodontists, and laypeople presented similar perceptions regarding the levels of attractiveness of the original smiles and those of smiles involving restorations of diastemas with widths of 0.5 mm and 1.0 mm. The ratings assigned to the smiles with diastemas differed significantly from those of the corresponding restored smile with the same magnitude of diastema. CONCLUSIONS: The prosthetic space closure of diastemas is better than leaving the space untreated. Restorations of MMD up to 1 mm perform similar to orthodontic closure. Larger MMDs are ideally treated with orthodontics because the restorative treatment is more invasive, leading to incremental damage to the dental tissues.


Assuntos
Diastema/terapia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Incisivo , Maxila
19.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(4): 23e1-23e7, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965383

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the root length of maxillary and mandibular incisors between individuals with open bite versus matched individuals with adequate overbite. METHODS: This comparative, matched and retrospective study included 48 cone beam computed tomographies (CBCTs) obtained at a university radiological center. Scans belonged to 24 individuals with open bite (overbite ≤ 0 mm) and 24 individuals with adequate overbite (controls). Both groups were matched by age, sex, malocclusion classification and skeletal characteristics (ANB and FMA angles). Root length of each maxillary and mandibular incisor was measured in millimeters (mm) in a sagittal section from a perpendicular line to the enamel cement junction until the root apex (384 length measurements were made). The means of root length in both groups were compared using t-tests. In addition, correlations between variables were evaluated with the Pearson correlation coefficient (α = 0.05). RESULTS: In both groups, the root length of the upper central incisors was approximately 12 mm and the root length of the maxillary lateral incisors was approximately 13 mm (p˃ 0.05). Likewise, the root length of lower central incisors in both groups measured approximately 12 mm (p˃ 0.05). However, the mandibular lateral incisor roots of open bite patients were significantly longer than in the normal overbite patients (approximately 1 mm, p= 0.012 right side, p= 0.001 left side). CONCLUSIONS: Root length of maxillary incisors and central mandibular incisor is similar in individuals with or without open bite, but the mandibular lateral incisor roots in open bite patients were significantly longer than in the normal overbite patients.


Assuntos
Mordida Aberta/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico Espiral , Cefalometria , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Quintessence Int ; 51(9): 776-779, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901238

RESUMO

Virtual planning in digital dentistry enables easier communication between technicians, clinicians, and patients, and faster performance. Dental computer-aided design (CAD) software programs have been used for this purpose. One of the most crucial steps in virtual planning is mounting and articulating the maxillary and mandibular arch 3D models to simulate and evaluate the occlusion as a part of the virtual mock-up. The aim of this article was to describe a more cost-effective digital technique utilizing a scanned interocclusal record for articulating the cast models virtually. For this purpose, the open source Autodesk Meshmixer software program was used.


Assuntos
Modelos Dentários , Fluxo de Trabalho , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Humanos , Maxila , Software
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