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1.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1272-1279, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564147

RESUMO

AIMS: To compare complication-related reoperation rates following primary arthroplasty for proximal humerus fractures (PHFs) versus secondary arthroplasty for failed open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified patients aged 50 years and over, who sustained a PHF between 2004 and 2015, from linkable datasets. We used intervention codes to identify patients treated with initial ORIF or arthroplasty, and those treated with ORIF who returned for revision arthroplasty within two years. We used multilevel logistic regression to compare reoperations between groups. RESULTS: We identified 1624 patients who underwent initial arthroplasty for PHF, and 98 patients who underwent secondary arthroplasty following failed ORIF. In total, 72 patients (4.4%) in the primary arthroplasty group had a reoperation within two years following arthroplasty, compared with 19 patients (19.4%) in the revision arthroplasty group. This difference was significantly different (p < 0.001) after covariable adjustment. CONCLUSION: The number of reoperations following arthroplasty for failed ORIF of PHF is significantly higher compared with primary arthroplasty. This suggests that primary arthroplasty may be a better choice for patients whose prognostic factors suggest a high reoperation rate following ORIF. Prospective clinical studies are required to confirm these findings. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1272-1279.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Ombro/efeitos adversos , Redução Aberta/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Idoso , Artroplastia do Ombro/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Redução Aberta/métodos , Medição da Dor , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fraturas do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1256-1262, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564155

RESUMO

AIMS: Postoperative rehabilitation regimens following ankle arthrodesis vary considerably. A systematic review was conducted to determine the evidence for weightbearing recommendations following ankle arthrodesis, and to compare outcomes between different regimens. PATIENTS AND METHODS: MEDLINE, Web of Science, Embase, and Scopus databases were searched for studies reporting outcomes following ankle arthrodesis, in which standardized postoperative rehabilitation regimens were employed. Eligible studies were grouped according to duration of postoperative nonweightbearing: zero to one weeks (group A), two to three weeks (group B), four to five weeks (group C), or six weeks or more (group D). Outcome data were pooled and compared between groups. Outcomes analyzed included union rates, time to union, clinical scores, and complication rates. RESULTS: A total of 60 studies (2426 ankles) were included. Mean union rates for groups A to D were 93.2%, 95.5%, 93.0%, and 93.0%, respectively. Mean time to union was 10.4 weeks, 14.5 weeks, 12.4 weeks, and 14.4 weeks for groups A to D, respectively. Mean complication rates were 22.3%, 23.0%, 27.1%, and 28.7% for groups A to D, respectively. Reporting of outcome scores was insufficient to conduct meaningful analysis. CONCLUSION: Outcomes following ankle arthrodesis appear to be similar regardless of the duration of postoperative nonweightbearing, although the existing literature is insufficient to make definitive conclusions. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1256-1262.


Assuntos
Articulação do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Artrodese/métodos , Medição da Dor , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Suporte de Carga/fisiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Articulação do Tornozelo/fisiopatologia , Artrodese/reabilitação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Medição de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17026, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574800

RESUMO

Continuous epidural block (CEB) is a popular clinical method for controlling postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). However, the long-term effects of CEB on PHN have not yet been established. This study aimed to confirm the clinical efficacy of epidural electrical stimulation catheters in CEB to manage PHN.Patients were classified into 2 groups: those with subacute PHN, between 30 and 180 days after the onset of the rash; and those with chronic PHN, over 180 days after the onset of the rash. On the basis of the type of catheter used, the patients were further divided into the following 2 groups: the esopocan group, in which the site of herpes zoster infection was confirmed using a contrast medium alone; and the epistim group, in which an additional method of electrical stimulation through a guide-wire in the catheter was used for detecting the site affected by herpes. Clinical efficacy was assessed with a numerical rating scale immediately 1, 3, and 6 months after the procedure. We also investigated whether additional interventional treatment was necessitated because of insufficient pain control during the 6-month follow-up.We examined 88 patients. In the subacute PHN period, the numerical rating scale score was significantly lower in the epistim group than in the esopocan group until 6 months. In the chronic PHN period, no significant differences in the numerical rating scale scores were observed between the 2 groups until 6 months. In the subacute PHN period, the adjusted odds ratio for other interventional procedures within 6 months in the esopocan group versus the epistim group was 2.59 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.83-8.09, P = .10), and in the chronic PHN period, it was 1.31 (95% CI 0.11-5.46, P = .79).Epidural drug administration to specific segments using electrical stimulation catheters may be more useful in mitigating zoster-associated pain in subacute PHN.


Assuntos
Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética/terapia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17328, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574868

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Gastric leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare malignancy with minimal therapeutic options and has poor prognosis once metastasis develops. PATIENT CONCERNS: A case of gastric LMS with multiple metastases, pain, and progressive anemia 13 months after the initial diagnosis in a 43-year-old woman. DIAGNOSIS: Gastric LMS with liver metastases and multiple retroperitoneal lymphatic metastases. INTERVENTIONS: Minimally invasive therapies of repeated tetrahydropalmatine and oxaliplatin-based transarterial chemoembolization and high-intensity focused ultrasound treatment were performed. OUTCOMES: The treatments resulted in significant pain relief (numerical rating scale from 8-2 points) after the initial treatment, improvement in performance status and quality of life, and a progression-free survival of 4 months after treatment. CONCLUSION: This combined modality palliative treatment approach was well tolerated with noticeable pain relief.


Assuntos
Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas/métodos , Leiomiossarcoma/patologia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Adulto , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Dor/diagnóstico , Dor/etiologia , Dor/psicologia , Medição da Dor/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17358, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574881

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Previous studies comparing adductor canal block (ACB) with femoral nerve block (FNB) are inconclusive with regard to patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) induced by opioids. Moreover, some postoperative pain severity results differ between previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The primary aim of the current study was to compare total intravenous morphine consumption administered via PCA during the first postoperative day in continuous FNB and ACB groups after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Secondary aims included evaluation of postoperative pain via a visual analog scale, degree of knee extension, quadriceps muscle strength, and ability to sit, stand upright, and walk. METHODS: The study was a RCT. Inclusion criteria were presence of gonarthrosis, age >18 and <75 years, and scheduled for TKA under single-shot spinal anesthesia. RESULTS: A number of morphine uses was lower in the FNB group than in the ACB group (14, range 12-15 vs 20, range 18-22; P = .0001), and they perceived less severe pain at the 8th (P = .00003) and 24th hours. However, ACB was significantly superior with regard to most of the other parameters pertaining to mobility, including muscle strength at the 8th and 24th hours, degree of knee extension at the 8th hour, sitting at the 8th hour, standing upright at the 24th hour, and walking at the 24th and 48th hours. DISCUSSION: FNB was associated with the perception of less severe pain after TKAs. However, ACB was associated with earlier mobility rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Nervo Femoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Morfina/uso terapêutico , Força Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Músculo Quadríceps , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/efeitos dos fármacos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17386, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574892

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to use meta-analysis techniques to evaluate the efficacy and safety of polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) injections for knee osteoarthritis (OA) treatment. METHODS: Multiple comprehensive databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library, were searched in November 2018 for studies that compared the effectiveness and safety of intra-articular PDRN injection for the knee joint with hyaluronic acid (HA) injection. Two reviewers independently determined study inclusion and they extracted data using a standardized data extraction form. The predefined primary outcome was Visual Analogue Scale. Secondary outcomes included Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), Knee Society Score (KSS), and adverse events. RESULTS: Five randomized controlled trials were included in the meta-analysis. After 1 and 2 months, patients in the PDRN group showed significantly better improvement in pain than the HA group (P = .04 and P = .02, respectively). There was no significant difference in pain after 4 months. The pooled analysis showed that no significant differences were seen in function (KOOS and KSS) scores between the PDRN and HA groups (all P > .05) at all time points. There was no significant difference in adverse events between 2 groups (relative risks = 2.15, 95% confidential interval: 0.17-26.67, P = .55). CONCLUSION: The intra-articular use of PDRN was similar in function to HA, and the pain-relief effect was superior to HA for 2 months post-injection. Therefore, it could be a favorable alternative to HA to treat persistent pain associated with knee OA while avoiding side effects.Level of evidence I.


Assuntos
Ácido Hialurônico/administração & dosagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Polidesoxirribonucleotídeos/administração & dosagem , Viscossuplementos/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Articulação do Joelho/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(36): e16763, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490364

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: It is reported that both adductor canal block (ACB) and femoral nerve block (FNB) are commonly used methods for postoperative analgesia in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Currently, no record has compared the efficacy of postoperative pain relief and the influence to quadriceps strength between them. This study aims to provide a protocol to compare the efficacy and safety between ACB and FNB for the postoperative analgesia of ACL reconstruction. METHODS: This study will be performed in accordance with the guideline of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Protocols. Online databases including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Wanfang database, and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database will be systematically searched from their inception up May 31, 2019. All randomized controlled trials will be included in present meta-analysis. The quality of enrolled literatures will be evaluated by using the Cochrane Collaboration Risk of bias Tool. Statistical analysis will be calculated by the Review Manager 5.3. RESULTS: This review will investigate the efficacy and safety of ACB compared with FNB in patients undergoing ACL reconstruction. The primary outcomes are visual analog scale, cumulative opioid consumption during 24 hours after surgery, numerical rating scale, and the time to first straight-leg raise. The secondary outcomes include maximal voluntary isometric contraction, stretching torque at 3, 6 months' follow-up, and adverse effects. CONCLUSION: Findings of this systematic review and meta-analysis will summarize the current evidence in postoperative analgesia for ACL reconstruction and also provide implications for clinical practice.


Assuntos
Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/métodos , Nervo Femoral , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Contração Isométrica/efeitos dos fármacos , Medição da Dor , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Músculo Quadríceps/efeitos dos fármacos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Projetos de Pesquisa
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(36): e17029, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490390

RESUMO

There is an increased enthusiasm in treating osteolytic metastatic acetabulum via injecting polymethyl-methacrylate (PMMA) as a bone filler to provide pain relief and potential structural support. The aim of this respective study is to determine the function and quality of life improvement after cement acetabuloplasty.Thirty two patients underwent acetabular cement augmentation between May 2014 and March 2018 were respectively reviewed. Isolated percutaneous acetabuloplasty (PA) was performed in 15 patients (group A) while radiofrequency ablation with PA (RFA-PA) in 12 patients (group B). Together with PA, open reconstructive surgery on ipsilateral femur was performed in another 5 cases (group C). Pre- and posttreatment functional evaluation and quality of life (QoL) assessment were carried out.The average followup duration was 11.5 (range, 3-36) months. None of major complications occurred. 81.2% (26/32) of patients achieved complete pain relief. Reduction of pain intensity and improvement of functional status achieved significantly differences after treatment (P = .00). Significant improvement (P = .00) was observed in scales of global QoL and pain-related restrictions in daily activities. Both isolated PA and RFA-PA procedures were equally effective towards the improvement of function and quality of life (P > .05). Regarding 5 patients in group C, pain intensity decreased when loading the affected limb and they could walk with crutches or cane.Bone cement acetabuloplasty is an adequate and effective mini-invasive procedure to relieve pain, restore function, and enhance the quality of life of patients for as long as possible in metastatic patients with short life expectancy. Ipsilateral surgery appears to be safe and well tolerated.


Assuntos
Acetabuloplastia/métodos , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Carcinoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cimentos para Ossos , Neoplasias Ósseas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Carcinoma/radioterapia , Carcinoma/secundário , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Qualidade de Vida , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 21(7): 449-453, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31507119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a syndrome of unknown etiology that is characterized by widespread pain, which severely impairs quality of life. Several forms of occupational and alternative therapy have demonstrated beneficial effects in fibromyalgia patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of participation in a floral design course on physical and psychiatric symptoms in a cohort of fibromyalgia patients. METHODS: This study was conducted as an observational study. Women diagnosed with fibromyalgia over the age of 18 were recruited to participate in one of two 12-week flower design (floristry) courses. Demographic details, disease activity indices, and anxiety and depression scores were calculated for all participants at baseline, week 12, and study completion. Physical and mental health of the two groups were compared throughout the study time-points. RESULTS: The study was completed by 61 female fibromyalgia patients who were included in the final analyses; 31 patients participated in the first floristry course and 30 in the second. Significant improvements in the 36-Item Short Form Survey physical and mental health components, visual analog scale, Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale scores for the entire study population and for each group separately could be seen following participation in each floristry course. CONCLUSIONS: Participation in a floristry course may lead to a significant improvement in pain and psychiatric symptoms in fibromyalgia patients. These findings highlight the potential benefit of utilizing occupational therapy programs, such as a floristry course, for improving quality of life in fibromyalgia.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Terapias Complementares/métodos , Depressão/terapia , Fibromialgia/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/psicologia , Estudos de Coortes , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Fibromialgia/fisiopatologia , Fibromialgia/psicologia , Flores , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Pain Med ; 20(2): 211-212, 2019 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505657
11.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(8): 1061-1066, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531602

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the potential association of foot pain and plasmatic adipocytes as physiological biomarkers of childhood obesity with the incidence of flatfoot in a cohort of Egyptian school children aged 6 -12 years. METHODS: A total of 550 Egyptian schoolchildren (220 boys and 330 girls) aged 6-12 years were randomly invited to participate in this descriptive survey analysis. For all children, we assessed the diagnosis and severity of flatfoot as well as plasma adipocytes, as well as adiponectin, leptin, resistin, IL-6, and TNF-α, using the Dennis method and immunoassay techniques respectively. Foot pain was assessed by using a standard VAS of 100 mm and Faces Pain Scale, respectively. RESULTS: Flat foot was predicted in 30.4% of school-age children, most of them showed a higher frequency of overweight (33.3%) and obesity (62.5%). Boys showed higher ranges of flat foot than girls. Foot pain significantly correlated with flat foot and obesity among the studied populations. In overweight-obese children, plasmatic adipocyte variables, as well as adiponectin, leptin, resistin, IL-6, TNF-α showed significant correlations with foot stance, especially in boys. Also, the studied adipocyte variables along with BMI, age, gender explained about~65% of the variance of flatfoot with pain among our school-age students. CONCLUSION: Foot pain showed an association with flat foot and childhood obesity in 30.4% of school-age students (6-12 years). Foot pain was shown to correlate positively with the incidence of flat foot and changes in adiposity markers, as well as adiponectin, leptin, resistin, Il-6, TNF-α.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/química , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pé Chato/sangue , Obesidade/sangue , Dor/sangue , Adiponectina/sangue , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Pé Chato/complicações , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Leptina/sangue , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações , Dor/etiologia , Medição da Dor , Resistina/sangue , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17092, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem around the world. Two previous meta-analyses showed that the spa therapy has a positive effect on reducing pain among patients with LBP based on studies published before 2006 and studies published between 2006 and 2013. In recent years, more studies reported the effect of spa therapy on treating chronic low back pain (CLBP). Our study aimed to update the meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about the effect of spa therapy on treating CLBP and to examine the effect of spa therapy based on different interventions. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were searched until May 2018 to identify RCTs about spa therapy among patients with CLBP. Summary effect estimates were calculated by using a random-effects model. The quality of each eligible study was evaluated by Jadad checklist. RESULTS: Twelve studies met the inclusion criteria for the systematic review and were included in meta-analysis. There was a significant decrease in pain based on visual analogue scale (VAS) (mean difference [MD] 16.07, 95% confidence interval [CI] [9.57, 22.57], P < .00001, I = 88%, n = 966), and lumbar spine function in Oswestry disability index (ODI) (MD 7.12, 95% CI [3.77, 10.47], P < .00001, I = 87%, n = 468) comparing spa therapy group to control group. Methodological assessment for included studies showed that the study's quality is associated with lacking blinding. CONCLUSION: This updated meta-analysis confirmed that spa therapy can benefit pain reliving and improve lumbar spine function among patients with CLBP. Physiotherapy of subgroup analysis indicated that it can improve lumbar spine function. However, these conclusions should be treated with caution due to limited studies. More high-quality RCTs with double-blind design, larger sample size, and longer follow-up should be employed to improve the validity of study results.


Assuntos
Banhos/normas , Dor Lombar/terapia , Banhos/métodos , Dor Crônica/terapia , Humanos , Medição da Dor/métodos
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16600, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415351

RESUMO

Severe persistent pain after groin hernia repair impairs quality-of-life. Prospective, consecutive cohort study including patients with pain-related impairment of physical and social life. Relevant surgical records were obtained, and examinations were by standardized clinical and neurophysiological tests. Patients demonstrating pain sensitivity to pressure algometry in the operated groin underwent re-surgery, while patients with neuropathic pain received pharmacotherapy. Questionnaires at baseline (Q0) and at the 5-year time point (Q5Y) were used in outcome analyses of pain intensity (numeric rating scale [NRS] 0-10) and pain-related effect on the activity-of-daily-living (Activities Assessment Scale [AAS]). Data are mean (95% CI).Analyses were made in 172/204 (84%) eligible patients. In 54/172 (31%) patients re-surgery (meshectomy/selective neurectomy) was performed, while the remaining 118/172 (69%) patients received pharmacotherapy. In the re-surgery group, activity-related, and average NRS-scores at Q0 were 6.6 (5.6-7.9) and 5.9 (5.6-5.9), respectively. Correspondingly, NRS-scores at Q5Y was 4.1 (3.3-5.1) and 3.1 (2.3-4.0; Q0 vs. Q5Y: P < .0005), respectively. Although both groups experienced a significant improvement in AAS-scores comparing Q0 vs. Q5Y (re-surgery group: 28% (4-43%; P < .0001); pharmacotherapy group: 5% (0-11%; P = .005)) the improvement was significantly larger in the re-surgery group (P = .02).This 5-year cohort study in patients with severe persistent pain after groin hernia repair signals that selection to re-surgery or pharmacotherapy, based on examination of pain sensitivity, is associated with significant improvement in outcome. Analyzing composite endpoints, combining pain and physical function, are novel in exploring interventional effects.ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT03713047.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Neuralgia/terapia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Virilha/inervação , Virilha/cirurgia , Hérnia Inguinal/psicologia , Herniorrafia/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuralgia/etiologia , Neuralgia/psicologia , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16805, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Migraine and tension-type headache often occur comorbid with temporomandibular disorder; occlusal splint therapy is the most common treatment for temporomandibular disorder. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of occlusal splint therapy on headache symptoms in patients with migraine and/or tension-type headache comorbid with temporomandibular disorder. METHODS: Sixty adult patients with migraine and/or tension-type headache and comorbid temporomandibular disorder were randomly assigned to individualized occlusal splint therapy applied during day- and nighttime plus usual care (n = 30) or usual care alone (n = 30). Primary outcome was the change in current pain intensity on a 100 mm visual analogue scale from week 1 to week 12. Secondary outcomes included changes in headache days and headache hours assessed by headache diaries over a 2-week period, health-related quality of life (SF-36), and adverse events from week 1 to week 12 and (in the occlusal splint plus usual care group only) to week 24. RESULTS: No group differences in changes in pain intensity from week 1 to week 12 were found. The number needed to treat was 3.8. Physical quality of life reduced stronger in the usual care group than in the occlusal splint plus usual care group. In the occlusal splint plus usual care group, headache intensity significantly decreased and physical quality of life significantly increased from week 1 to week 12 and to week 24 (all P < .001). No adverse events were reported. CONCLUSIONS: A day- and night-time occlusal splint therapy in addition to usual care was not superior to usual care alone in patients with chronic headache and comorbid TMD. Four patients need to be treated to induce a minimal clinically relevant improvement in one patient. The small sample size and lack of power limit these findings.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Enxaqueca/terapia , Placas Oclusais , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/terapia , Cefaleia do Tipo Tensional/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/complicações , Medição da Dor , Qualidade de Vida , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/complicações , Cefaleia do Tipo Tensional/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(8): 786-794, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366828

RESUMO

Teriflunomide (TEF, A771726) is the active metabolite of leflunomide (LEF), a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug. The main purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate water-in-oil (W/O) microemulsion formulation of TEF. The W/O microemulsion was optimized formula is the physical and chemical stability of lecithin, ethanol, isopropyl myristate (IPM) and water (20.65/20.78/41.52/17.05 w/w) by using the pseudo-ternary phase diagram and the average droplet size is about 40 nm. The permeability of TEF microemulsion is about 6 times higher than control group in vitro penetration test. The results of anti-inflammatory effect showed that compared with the control group, the external TEF microemulsion group could significantly inhibit swelling of paw in rats, and no significant difference compared with oral LEF group. The results of hepatotoxicity test show that there were normal content of alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and no obvious inflammatory infiltration of TEF microemulsion group compared with LEF group. The plasma concentration curve showed that compared with LEF group, the peak concentration of TEF microemulsion group was decreased, the half-life (t1/2) was prolonged, and the relative bioavailability of TEF microemulsion was 75.35%. These results suggest that TEF W/O microemulsion can be used as a promising preparation to play an anti-inflammatory role while significantly reducing hepatotoxicity.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/farmacologia , Crotonatos/farmacologia , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Toluidinas/farmacologia , Animais , Antirreumáticos/química , Crotonatos/química , Composição de Medicamentos , Edema/patologia , Emulsões/síntese química , Emulsões/química , Estrutura Molecular , Óleos/química , Medição da Dor , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Toluidinas/química , Água/química
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16842, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415408

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Engorgement of the epidural venous plexus (EVP) is a rare cause of nerve root impingement. Dilated epidural veins cause compression of the thecal sac and spinal nerve roots, leading to lumbar radiculopathy. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here we describe a case of severe lumbar radiculopathy in a 15-year-old morbidly obese boy. DIAGNOSIS: Enhanced lumbar magnetic resonance imaging revealed left sided L1-L2 disc protrusion and engorgement of the lumbar EVP, resulting in narrowing of the thecal sac in the entire lumbar spine. There was no evidence of an intra-abdominal mass, thrombosis of the inferior vena cava, or vascular malformation. INTERVENTIONS: A caudal epidural block was administered under fluoroscopic guidance. The patient reported a 30% reduction in pain intensity for just 1 day. OUTCOMES: The patient has been followed up for 2 years. He continues to take medication, including morphine sulfate 15 mg, gabapentin 300 mg, and oxycodone 20 mg per day. He is on a diet with exercise for weight reduction. CONCLUSION: An engorged EVP should be considered in the differential diagnosis of radiculopathy in morbidly obese patients.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Morfina/administração & dosagem , Oxicodona/administração & dosagem , Dor Intratável/tratamento farmacológico , Radiculopatia/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Anestesia Caudal/métodos , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Morfina/uso terapêutico , Obesidade/complicações , Medição da Dor , Radiculopatia/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 46(3): e20192181, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432983

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the long-term results of the correction of chronic anal fissures (CAF) in patients without anal hypertonia using the technique of anoplasty with skin tag flap. METHODS: we conducted a prospective study of CAF patients refractory to conservative treatment without anal hypertonia, subjected to anoplasty with the use of anal plicoma to cover the bloody area. We confirmed the absence of anal hypertonia through rectal exam and electromanometry. We applied a visual pain questionnaire and the Cleveland Clinic fecal incontinence score before and after surgery. RESULTS: we followed 15 patients with chronic anal fissure for a mean period of 29 months (12-56). The mean age was 41 years (29-69) and the duration of symptoms ranged from six months to five years. Healing occurred between three and six weeks for 13 patients (86.7%). The other two patients underwent debridement and new anoplasty successfully. No plicoma necrosis or anal stenosis occurred in any patient. The anal incontinence score did not change after the procedure, and all patients reported reduced pain. After 12 months of follow-up, none of the patients presented recurrence or anal incontinence, and 93.3% (14/15) of the patients were very satisfied. CONCLUSION: fissurectomy and anoplasty with the use of sentinel plie is a safe technique that results in improvement in pain without change of fecal continence and with high satisfaction rates.


Assuntos
Fissura Anal/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Pflege ; 32(5): 249-258, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432750

RESUMO

When and how do intensive care nurses consider pain in the treatment process of ICU patients? A qualitative study Abstract. Background: Pain management is important in the therapeutic spectrum of the intensive care unit. However, guideline recommendations are not consistently implemented. Strategies in clinical reasoning and decision-making regarding pain are hardly described. AIM: Guided by the question "When and how do intensive care nurses consider pain in the treatment process of patients with impaired consciousness and cognition?", we wanted to explore their patterns of thought and decision-making in the context of pain management. METHODS: As part of a Mixed Methods research program on pain assessment in nonverbal intensive care patients we performed a secondary analysis of data from the qualitative substudy using qualitative content analysis according to Mayring. RESULTS: Pain plays an important but subordinate role in the treatment process. After vital functions have been initially stabilized, intensive care nurses assess patients' consciousness and cognition in order to receive further information directly from them. Intensive care nurses differentiate between pain, anxiety, stress and discomfort. Their decisions are based on experience and intuition. CONCLUSIONS: Education promotes intensive care nurses' knowledge and awareness in pain management. Observational pain assessment instruments provide valid information. They support an analytical approach and thus the development of competence in clinical reasoning and decision-making.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Enfermagem de Cuidados Críticos , Medição da Dor/enfermagem , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Pesquisa Qualitativa
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e17021, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464962

RESUMO

To describe the Tube in Tube interlaminar endoscopic decompression method and investigate its efficacy and safety in treating lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).Utilizing the advantages of the micro-endoscopic decompression (MED) operation channel tube, we used a water-medium spinal endoscopy to perform trans-interlaminar canal decompression, that is, the "Tube in Tube" technique. A retrospective study was performed on 35 patients with LSS who were treated with the Tube in Tube technique. All patients were followed up to 12 months postoperatively. Visual analog scale (VAS), Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were collected preoperatively and at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. Short-form (36) health survey (SF-36) score was used to examine the general health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients preoperatively and at 3 and 12 months postoperatively. Modified Macnab criteria were used to examine the clinical outcomes at 3 and 12 months post-surgery.The clinical outcomes were satisfactory, with an improvement in all scoring systems. The VAS, JOA, and ODI scores improved from 6.46 ±â€Š1.85, 12.03 ±â€Š4.96, and 42.17 ±â€Š12.22 preoperatively to 2.20 ±â€Š1.14, 21.40 ±â€Š5.86, and 13.14 ±â€Š7.52 at 12 months postoperatively, respectively (P < .001). The Macnab excellent or good rates reached 65.7% and 77.1% at the 3 and 12 months follow-ups. No severe complications occurred.The Tube in Tube technique had a positive clinical outcome in LSS patients and is safe, reliable, and efficacious. However, a larger number of cases and a multi-center research design will be needed further develop the technique.Level of Evidence: IV.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Endoscopia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
S D Med ; 72(8): 361-366, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31465641

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the efficacy of abdominal wall injections in 35 retrospective patients by a single physician. METHODS: Using uniform techniques to inject both Lidocaine and Depo-Medrol in patients with moderate to severe localized abdominal wall pain mostly related to laparoscopic scars. RESULTS: On initial follow-up at 15.2 ± 8.5 (mean ± standard deviation) days, the pain was reduced from 7.4 ± 1.5 (mean ± standard deviation) to 2.3 ± 2.3 (mean ± standard deviation) in 34 out of the 35 retrospective patients. One patient showed no response. On long-term follow up at 26.0 ± 28.5 (mean ± standard deviation) months, the pain was reduced to 1.2 ± 2.0 (mean ± standard deviation). Five of the 35 retrospective patients required more than one injection to the same site to achieve the pain control. No major complications were noted. Average cost of the abdominal wall injection was $134.72. CONCLUSION: We propose that localized abdominal wall pain should be considered for trigger point injection early on in the management.


Assuntos
Dor Abdominal/tratamento farmacológico , Lidocaína/uso terapêutico , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Parede Abdominal , Anestésicos Locais , Humanos , Medição da Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pontos-Gatilho
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