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1.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 373, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, although its etiology has largely been unclear. Tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNF-I) are effective for the treatment. Recently, biosimilars of TNF-I, such as CT-P13, have been developed and are thought to possess equal efficacy and safety to the original TNF-I. Sarcoidosis is also a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. In steroid-resistant cases of sarcoidosis, TNF-I have been reported effective for achieving resolution. However, the progression of sarcoidosis due to the TNF-I also has been reported. We herein report a case of pulmonary sarcoidosis with a Crohn's disease (CD) patient developed after a long period administration (15 years) of TNF-I. CASE PRESENTATIONS: A 37-year-old woman with CD who had been diagnosed at 22 years old had been treated with the TNF-I (original infliximab; O-IFX and infliximab biosimilar; IFX-BS). Fifteen years after starting the TNF-I, she developed a fever and right chest pain. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed clustered small nodules in both lungs and multiple enlarged hilar lymph nodes. Infectious diseases including tuberculosis were negative. Bronchoscopic examination was performed and the biopsy specimens were obtained. A pathological examination demonstrated noncaseating granulomatous lesions and no malignant findings. TNF-I were discontinued because of the possibility of TNF-I-related sarcoidosis. After having discontinued for four months, her symptoms and the lesions had disappeared completely. Fortunately, despite the discontinuation of TNF-I, she has maintained remission. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first case in which sarcoidosis developed after switching from O-IFX to IFX-BS. To clarify the characteristics of the cases with development of sarcoidosis during administration of TNF-I, we searched PubMed and identified 106 cases. When developing an unexplained fever, asthenia, uveitis and skin lesions in patients with TNF-I treatment, sarcoidosis should be suspected. Once the diagnosis of sarcoidosis due to TNF-I was made, the discontinuation of TNF-I and administration of steroid therapy should be executed promptly. When re-starting TNF-I, another TNF-I should be used for disease control. Clinicians should be aware of the possibility of sarcoidosis in patients under anti-TNF therapy.


Assuntos
Medicamentos Biossimilares , Doença de Crohn , Sarcoidose Pulmonar , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Infliximab/efeitos adversos , Sarcoidose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral , Adulto Jovem
3.
Drugs Today (Barc) ; 57(8): 499-505, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405207

RESUMO

Biologics targeting vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) are the mainstay treatment of many vascular retinal pathologies. To date, Razumab is the only approved biosimilar for ophthalmic use. Razumab showed no differences compared to the innovator ranibizumab, in terms of VEGF binding activity nor in inhibition of VEGF-induced proliferation. Clinical and preclinical studies have shown a favorable efficacy and safety profile of Razumab. Nonetheless, even if clinical equivalence is expected, randomized controlled clinical trials are needed to directly compare Razumab with the innovator ranibizumab in different retinal diseases.


Assuntos
Medicamentos Biossimilares , Doenças Retinianas , Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Injeções Intravítreas , Doenças Retinianas/tratamento farmacológico , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
4.
Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 6(10): 816-825, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: BI 695501 is a biosimilar that has demonstrated similar efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity to adalimumab reference product in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and chronic plaque psoriasis. The VOLTAIRE-CD study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of BI 695501 with adalimumab reference product in patients with Crohn's disease. METHODS: This phase 3, randomised, double-blind study was done at 92 centres in 12 countries across Europe and the USA in patients aged 18-80 years with moderately to severely active Crohn's disease (Crohn's Disease Activity Index [CDAI] score 220-450). Patients were randomly assigned 1:1 using an interactive response technology system to the BI 695501 group or adalimumab reference product group, stratified by previous exposure to infliximab (yes vs no) and simple endoscopic score for Crohn's disease at screening (<16 vs ≥16). All investigators involved in trial assessments or procedures and all patients were masked to treatment allocation until week 24. Patients received BI 695501 (40 mg/0·8 mL formulation) or adalimumab reference product (either 40 mg/0·4 mL citrate-free or 40 mg/0·8 mL) 160 mg on day 1 and 80 mg on day 15, followed by 40 mg every 2 weeks, via subcutaneous injection. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with clinical response (CDAI decrease ≥70 points) at week 4, with an exploratory non-inferiority margin of 0·76 for the lower limit of the two-sided 90% CI of the risk ratio (RR). The primary analysis was done in a modified full analysis set of all patients who received at least one dose of study medication and had a baseline and at least one post-baseline CDAI assessment. Safety was assessed in all patients who received at least one dose of study medication. After week 4, responders were treated until week 46; those randomly assigned to adalimumab reference product switched to BI 695501 at week 24. This study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02871635) and EudraCT (2016-000612-14). FINDINGS: Between Jan 4, 2017, and April 5, 2018, 147 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to BI 695501 (n=72) or adalimumab reference product (n=75). At week 4, 61 (90%) of 68 patients in the BI 695501 group and 68 (94%) of 72 in the adalimumab reference product group had a clinical response (adjusted RR 0·945 [90% CI 0·870-1·028]). In the safety analysis set, 45 (63%) of 72 patients in the BI 695501 group and 42 (56%) of 75 in the adalimumab reference product group had an adverse event during weeks 0-24; 31 (43%) and 34 (45%) had adverse events during weeks 24-56. The most common drug-related treatment-emergent adverse events during weeks 0-24 were weight increase (three [4%] patients in the BI 695501 group) and injection-site erythema and upper respiratory tract infection (three [4%] patients for each event) in the adalimumab reference product group. The only drug-related TEAEs reported in two or more patients during weeks 24-56 were weight increase and increased γ-glutamyltransferase, which occured in two (3%) patients each in the BI 695501 group. No drug-related TEAEs were reported in two or more patients during weeks 24-56 in the adalimumab reference product followed by BI 699501 group. Serious adverse events occurred in six (8%) patients in the BI 695501 group and eight (11%) in the adalimumab reference group between weeks 0-24, and two (3%) and nine (12%) patients between weeks 24-56. Adverse events of special interest occurred in two (3%) patients in each treatment group during weeks 0-24 (acute sinusitis and pulmonary tuberculosis in the BI 695501 group and anal abscess and postoperative wound infection in the adalimumab reference product group) and two (3%) patients in each group during weeks 24-56 (psoas abscess and hypersensitivity in the BI 695501 group and pulmonary tuberculosis and erythematous rash in the adalimumab reference product followed by BI 699501 group). INTERPRETATION: Safety and efficacy were similar in patients with Crohn's disease treated with BI 695501 or adalimumab reference product. Treatment benefits were maintained in patients receiving adalimumab reference product who switched to BI 695501. These results further support the existing licensure of BI 695501 as an alternative to adalimumab reference product for patients with Crohn's disease, as well as the other indications for which BI 695501 is approved. FUNDING: Boehringer Ingelheim.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos Biossimilares/uso terapêutico , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Adalimumab/administração & dosagem , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/administração & dosagem , Método Duplo-Cego , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
5.
Clin Drug Investig ; 41(9): 825-828, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347284

RESUMO

FKB238 is a biosimilar of bevacizumab (a monoclonal antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor) approved for use in the same types of cancer as reference bevacizumab. FKB238 has similar physicochemical and pharmacodynamic properties to those of reference bevacizumab and pharmacokinetic similarity was shown in healthy volunteers and in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). FKB238 demonstrated equivalent clinical efficacy to reference bevacizumab in patients with advanced or recurrent nonsquamous NSCLC, with similar tolerability, safety and immunogenicity profiles.


Assuntos
Medicamentos Biossimilares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/uso terapêutico
6.
Adv Ther ; 38(8): 4366-4387, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34250583

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Long-term, real-world safety and effectiveness data are required to support biosimilar use. This analysis pooled 5-year findings from observational studies of infliximab biosimilar CT-P13 treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: Patients enrolled in the CT-P13 4.2, 4.3, or 4.4 Korea/European Union registries were analysed if they had initiated infliximab treatment with CT-P13 (CT-P13 group) or had switched from reference infliximab to CT-P13 (switched to CT-P13 group). The primary objective was to investigate long-term safety by evaluating adverse events of special interest (AESIs) per the CT-P13 risk-management plan. Incidence rates per 100 patient-years (PYs) were calculated. Additional long-term safety endpoints, immunogenicity (assessments optional), and effectiveness were evaluated. RESULTS: Overall, 736 patients (642 CT-P13; 94 switched to CT-P13) were analysed. Median (range) exposure to CT-P13 was 19.433 (0.03-63.11) months overall. The incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events was 69.0% (CT-P13 group) and 60.6% (switched to CT-P13 group). Infusion-related reaction/hypersensitivity/anaphylactic reaction was the most frequent AESI overall, with an incidence of 4.3828 per 100 PY (95% confidence interval: 3.3603-5.6185). For most AESIs, incidence rates per 100 PY were broadly comparable between treatment groups, considering overlapping 95% confidence intervals. At baseline, 42/445 (9.4%) and 21/59 (35.6%) evaluable patients in the CT-P13 and switched to CT-P13 groups, respectively, were antidrug antibody (ADA)-positive. After CT-P13 treatment during the study, 188/425 (44.2%) evaluable patients had ≥ 1 ADA-positive result, including 147/425 (34.6%) patients with negative or no ADA results reported at baseline. Effectiveness tended to increase over time for all indications. CONCLUSION: The analysis did not identify any new safety findings for patients with RA, IBD, and AS treated with CT-P13 for up to 5 years in those who were infliximab-naïve at CT-P13 initiation, or those who had switched from reference infliximab to CT-P13. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers: NCT02557295 (CT-P13 4.2; retrospectively registered on 23 September 2015); NCT02326155 (CT-P13 4.3; retrospectively registered on 25 December 2014); NCT02557308 (CT-P13 4.4; retrospectively registered on 23 September 2015).


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Medicamentos Biossimilares , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Espondilite Anquilosante , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
BioDrugs ; 35(4): 417-428, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bevacizumab is an antiangiogenic recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody that inhibits tumor growth. FKB238, a bevacizumab biosimilar, has analytical pharmacokinetic and safety profiles similar to those of bevacizumab. OBJECTIVE: This phase III trial (NCT02810457) compared the efficacy and safety of FKB238 with that of bevacizumab in patients with advanced/recurrent non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (non-sq-NSCLC). METHODS: This global, multicenter, double-blind, parallel, randomized, comparative clinical trial enrolled and randomized patients with advanced/recurrent non-sq-NSCLC to receive intravenous infusions of either FKB238 15 mg/kg or bevacizumab 15 mg/kg. All patients received intravenous infusions of paclitaxel 200 mg/m2 and carboplatin (area under the curve 6.0) immediately prior to investigational products for 4-6 cycles. FKB238 and bevacizumab were administered on day 1 of each 21-day cycle until objective progressive disease by RECIST version 1.1 or other discontinuation criteria were met. The primary efficacy endpoint was overall response rate (ORR), including complete and partial response and based on blinded independent central review assessment. Other efficacy determinations included progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and immunogenicity. Adverse events and severity were reported. RESULTS: The ORR for the intent-to-treat (ITT) population (N = 731) was 51.6% in the FKB238 arm (N = 364) and 53.7% in the bevacizumab arm (N = 367). The FKB238:bevacizumab ORR ratio (ITT population) was 0.96 (90% confidence interval [CI] 0.86-1.08), and the difference in ORR (per-protocol set) between FKB238 and bevacizumab was - 0.02 (95% CI - 0.09 to 0.06). Both CIs fell within the prespecified equivalence margins. Estimated median PFS was 7.72 and 7.62 months in the FKB238 and bevacizumab arms, respectively (hazard ratio 0.97; 95% CI 0.82-1.16). Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were reported for 94.2% and 95.1% of patients in the FKB238 and bevacizumab arms, respectively. Grade 3 or higher TEAEs were reported for 53.6% and 55.5% of patients in the FKB238 and bevacizumab arms, respectively. Serious TEAEs were reported for 25.1% and 26.0% of patients treated with FKB238 and bevacizumab, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Efficacy equivalence was demonstrated between the two drugs, and safety profiles were similar. There were no meaningful differences in efficacy and safety between FKB238 or bevacizumab in patients with non-sq-NSCLC. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02810457.


Assuntos
Medicamentos Biossimilares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Carboplatina , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Paclitaxel , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(7): 945-949, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267033

RESUMO

At the Oita University Hospital, we switched from using the original biological product of trastuzumab(original product) to a biosimilar product, and verified the appropriateness of the switch by investigating the occurrence of adverse events. We compared the safety of the original and biosimilar products from January 2019 to September 2020. Of 14 cases studied, there were 6 in the original product group, 6 in the switched group, and 2 in the biosimilar group. In 3 patients in the switched group, infusion reaction was observed during administration of the original product, and was appropriately managed at that time. After switching to the biosimilar product, it was possible to administer the drug safely even when the infusion time was shortened. The results of this study showed that no adverse events were observed after switching from the original to the biosimilar product. This finding suggests that switching products is appropriate, not only from an economic point of view but also from the perspective of treatment safety.


Assuntos
Medicamentos Biossimilares , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Indução de Remissão , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos
10.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 54(5): 678-688, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34223654

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biologics account for a significant cost in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) management; however, switching from infliximab originator to its biosimilars has enabled cost saving without compromising disease control. The effects on IBD activity and infliximab trough levels of a second switch to another biosimilar are, however, uncertain. AIMS: To assess the effects on disease activity and infliximab trough levels associated with switching from infliximab biosimilar CT-P13 to another biosimilar SB2 and compare outcomes in those switching for the first and second time. METHODS: IBD patients on CT-P13, including some previously switched from originator, were prospectively followed during a switch to SB2. C-reactive protein (CRP), trough infliximab level and clinical disease activity indices were collected at baseline, Infusion 3 or 4 ('early' after switch), and 1 year. RESULTS: One hundred eighty-six patients (n = 99 second switch) on stable infliximab dosing underwent switching. Compared with baseline, there was no significant change in CRP, clinical disease activity scores or median trough infliximab level at the early time point among first-switch (baseline vs early: 5.7 vs 6.6 µg/mL, P = 0.05) and second-switch (4.3 vs 4.9 µg/mL, P = 0.07) patients nor at 1 year (median infliximab trough levels, baseline vs 1 year, in first-switch [5.7 vs 5.7 µg/mL, P = 0.37] and second-switch [4.3 vs 4.7 µg/mL, P = 0.06] patients). The proportion of patients in clinical remission did not significantly change at the early (92% vs 91% at baseline, P = 0.75) or 1 year (95% vs 91% at baseline, P = 0.16) time points. There was no significant difference in time to loss of response between patients switching for the first or second time (P = 0.69). CONCLUSIONS: Switching from one infliximab biosimilar to another had no adverse impact on infliximab trough levels, and clinical and biochemical disease activity, regardless of whether switching for the first or second time.


Assuntos
Medicamentos Biossimilares , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Substituição de Medicamentos , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Lancet Oncol ; 22(7): 977-990, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34143971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: China has a high burden of hepatocellular carcinoma, and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the main causative factor. Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma have a poor prognosis and a substantial unmet clinical need. The phase 2-3 ORIENT-32 study aimed to assess sintilimab (a PD-1 inhibitor) plus IBI305, a bevacizumab biosimilar, versus sorafenib as a first-line treatment for unresectable HBV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: This randomised, open-label, phase 2-3 study was done at 50 clinical sites in China. Patients aged 18 years or older with histologically or cytologically diagnosed or clinically confirmed unresectable or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma, no previous systemic treatment, and a baseline Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 were eligible for inclusion. In the phase 2 part of the study, patients received intravenous sintilimab (200 mg every 3 weeks) plus intravenous IBI305 (15 mg/kg every 3 weeks). In the phase 3 part, patients were randomly assigned (2:1) to receive either sintilimab plus IBI305 (sintilimab-bevacizumab biosimilar group) or sorafenib (400 mg orally twice daily; sorafenib group), until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Randomisation was done using permuted block randomisation, with a block size of six, via an interactive web response system, and stratified by macrovascular invasion or extrahepatic metastasis, baseline α-fetoprotein, and ECOG performance status. The primary endpoint of the phase 2 part of the study was safety, assessed in all patients who received at least one dose of study drug. The co-primary endpoints of the phase 3 part of the study were overall survival and independent radiological review committee (IRRC)-assessed progression-free survival according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 in the intention-to-treat population. The study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03794440. The study is closed to new participants and follow-up is ongoing for long-term outcomes. FINDINGS: Between Feb 11, 2019 and Jan 15, 2020, we enrolled 595 patients: 24 were enrolled directly into the phase 2 safety run-in and 571 were randomly assigned to sintilimab-bevacizumab biosimilar (n=380) or sorafenib (n=191). In the phase 2 part of the trial, 24 patients received at least one dose of the study drug, with an objective response rate of 25·0% (95% CI 9·8-46·7). Based on the preliminary safety and activity data of the phase 2 part, in which grade 3 or worse treatment-related adverse events occurred in seven (29%) of 24 patients, the randomised phase 3 part was started. At data cutoff (Aug 15, 2020), the median follow-up was 10·0 months (IQR 8·5-11·7) in the sintilimab-bevacizumab biosimilar group and 10·0 months (8·4-11·7) in the sorafenib group. Patients in the sintilimab-bevacizumab biosimilar group had a significantly longer IRRC-assessed median progression-free survival (4·6 months [95% CI 4·1-5·7]) than did patients in the sorafenib group (2·8 months [2·7-3·2]; stratified hazard ratio [HR] 0·56, 95% CI 0·46-0·70; p<0·0001). In the first interim analysis of overall survival, sintilimab-bevacizumab biosimilar showed a significantly longer overall survival than did sorafenib (median not reached [95% CI not reached-not reached] vs 10·4 months [8·5-not reached]; HR 0·57, 95% CI 0·43-0·75; p<0·0001). The most common grade 3-4 treatment-emergent adverse events were hypertension (55 [14%] of 380 patients in the sintilimab-bevacizumab biosimilar group vs 11 [6%] of 185 patients in the sorafenib group) and palmar-plantar erythrodysaesthesia syndrome (none vs 22 [12%]). 123 (32%) patients in the sintilimab-bevacizumab biosimilar group and 36 (19%) patients in the sorafenib group had serious adverse events. Treatment-related adverse events that led to death occurred in six (2%) patients in the sintilimab-bevacizumab biosimilar group (one patient with abnormal liver function, one patient with both hepatic failure and gastrointestinal haemorrhage, one patient with interstitial lung disease, one patient with both hepatic faliure and hyperkalemia, one patient with upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage, and one patient with intestinal volvulus) and two (1%) patients in the sorafenib group (one patient with gastrointestinal haemorrhage and one patient with death of unknown cause). INTERPRETATION: Sintilimab plus IBI305 showed a significant overall survival and progression-free survival benefit versus sorafenib in the first-line setting for Chinese patients with unresectable, HBV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma, with an acceptable safety profile. This combination regimen could provide a novel treatment option for such patients. FUNDING: Innovent Biologics. TRANSLATION: For the Chinese translation of the abstract see Supplementary Materials section.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Sorafenibe/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , China , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Hepatite B/virologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Sorafenibe/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
12.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 23(6): 344-349, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34155846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of real-life clinical data for biosimilar etanercept, an anti-TNF blocking fusion protein. We describe the comparable efficacy and safety of originator and biosimilar etanercept in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in a real-life clinical setting. Our data confirm that a biosimilar etanercept can be safely used as first-line treatment as well as in patients switched from a previous originator compound. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of originator and biosimilar etanercept in a cohort of RA patients attending two Italian hospitals. METHODS: The study involved 81 consecutive adult RA patients treated for at least 6 months with originator or biosimilar etanercept and considered their clinical and laboratory data, concomitant medications, and adverse events at baseline, and after 3 and 6 months of treatment. RESULTS: Group 1 included 51 patients taking originator etanercept; group 2 included 30 taking biosimilar etanercept, including 19 who had been switched from the reference product. Despite a significant baseline difference in clinical disease activity, one-way analysis of variance showed that the two groups were clinically comparable after 6 months of treatment, and the same was true when only those receiving etanercept as first-line biological treatment were considered. Nine patients discontinued the treatment due to inefficacy or adverse events, which were never serious and were only reported in group 1. CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy and safety profiles of originator and biosimilar etanercept are comparable in RA patients in a real-life clinical setting. Further studies are needed to confirm these preliminary findings.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Medicamentos Biossimilares , Substituição de Medicamentos/métodos , Etanercepte , Preferência do Paciente , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Sedimentação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade , Análise Custo-Benefício , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Etanercepte/administração & dosagem , Etanercepte/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Gravidade do Paciente , Segurança do Paciente , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
BioDrugs ; 35(4): 459-468, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34152584

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infusion-related reactions (IRRs) are the most common adverse event (AE) associated with infusion of rituximab, an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the impact of dosing/infusion patterns and certain baseline characteristics on IRR occurrence during the first rituximab infusion administered as the biosimilar PF-05280586 (RTX-PF) or reference rituximab sourced from the EU (RTX-EU, MabThera®) in patients with CD20+ low-tumor-burden follicular lymphoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Rituximab (RTX-PF, n=196; RTX-EU, n=198) was administered (375 mg/m2) on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 (one cycle), with a follow-up period through 52 weeks. The relationships between infusion rate, drug exposure, and IRR incidence were assessed by logistic regression analysis and pharmacokinetic modeling and simulation. Baseline CD20 level, antidrug antibody (ADA) status, and tumor burden according to IRR occurrence (yes/no) were compared descriptively. RESULTS: Median rituximab infusion duration on day 1 was 3.50 h for each of the two groups. There was a positive correlation between infusion rate and all-grade IRRs occurring within 24 h after infusion (p < 0.0001). Patients who developed IRRs had a higher median baseline CD20+ level. IRR incidence was unaffected by baseline ADA status. Drug exposure did not predict IRR incidence. Baseline tumor burden was similar between patients with and without IRRs. CONCLUSIONS: Results of this analysis provide a better understanding of IRRs after the first rituximab (RTX-PF or RTX-EU) infusion and demonstrate a potential correlation of infusion rate and other factors with IRR at the individual and population levels. Infusion-rate escalation steps continue to be needed to manage IRRs. TRIAL REGISTRATION (DATE OF REGISTRATION): ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02213263 (11 August 2014); and EudraCT: 2014-000132-41 (10 October 2014).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Medicamentos Biossimilares , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Antígenos CD20 , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Rituximab/efeitos adversos
15.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 122(7): 443-448, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161110

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Biopharmaceuticals improved the prognosis and quality of life of patients with chronic diseases. The aim of our study was to analyse the total reported suspected adverse drug reactions (ADR) and ADRs of reference biologicals and their biosimilars in Slovakia. METHODS: Using data from the State Institute for Drug Control database, we analysed the trends of suspected ADR submitted between 2001-2017 including the registered biosimilars and their reference biologicals: erythropoietin, filgrastim and infliximab. RESULTS: Severe suspected ADR represented 42.95 % from all the reported cases (n=13,462) over the time period 2006-2017 and 54.98 % over 2015-2017 respectively. Reports from 2015-2017 were further analysed. From 4,364 cases, 27 were associated with infliximab and one with erythropoietin. 75 % of these ADR were severe including one death. The difference between the suspected ADR for infliximab reference biological compared to the biosimilar was not statistically significant (p=0.171) after adjustment to the number of prescribed drug units. CONCLUSION: We did not find any evidence of increased risks associated with biosimilars compared to reference biologics. The spontaneous reporting system represents an inexpensive tool of reporting ADRs and should be utilized more frequently by health professionals, but even more importantly, by patients (Tab. 3, Fig. 2, Ref. 30). Text in PDF www.elis.sk Keywords: adverse drug reaction, spontaneous reporting, biopharmaceuticals, biosimilars, infliximab.


Assuntos
Medicamentos Biossimilares , Farmacovigilância , Sistemas de Notificação de Reações Adversas a Medicamentos , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Percepção , Qualidade de Vida , Eslováquia/epidemiologia
17.
Front Immunol ; 12: 636420, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33936049

RESUMO

The expanded availability of adalimumab products continues to widen patient access and reduce costs with substantial benefit to healthcare systems. However, the long-term success of these medicines is highly dependent on maintaining consistency in quality, safety and efficacy while minimizing any risk of divergence during life-cycle management. In recognition of this need and demand from global manufacturers, the World Health Organization (WHO) Expert Committee on Biological standardization established the WHO 1st International standard (IS) for Adalimumab (coded 17/236) in October 2019 with a defined unitage ascribed to each of the individual bioactivities evaluated in the study namely, TNF-α binding, TNF-α neutralization, complement dependent cytotoxicity and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. For development of the IS, two candidate standards were manufactured as per WHO recommendations. Analysis of extensive datasets generated by testing of a common set of samples including the candidate standards by multiple stakeholders including regulatory agencies using their own qualified assays in a large international collaborative study showed comparable biological activity for the tested candidates for the different activities. Use of a common standard significantly decreased the variability of bioassays and improved agreement in potency estimates. Data from this study clearly supports the utility of the IS as an important tool for assuring analytical assay performance, for bioassay calibration and validation, for identifying and controlling changes in bioactivity during life-cycle management and for global harmonization of adalimumab products. In addition, in a separate multi-center study which included involvement of hospital and clinical diagnostic laboratories, the suitability of the adalimumab IS for therapeutic drug monitoring assays was examined by analysis of data from testing of a common blind coded panel of adalimumab spiked serum samples representative of the clinical scenario along with the IS and in-house standards in diverse immunoassays/platforms. Both commercially available and in-house assays that are routinely used for assessing adalimumab trough levels were included. Excellent agreement in estimates for adalimumab content in the spiked samples was observed regardless of the standard or the method with inter-laboratory variability also similar regardless of the standard employed. This data, for the first time, provides support for the extended applicability of the IS in assays in use for therapeutic drug monitoring based on the mass content of the IS. The adalimumab IS, in fulfilling clinical demand, can help toward standardizing and harmonizing clinical monitoring assays for informed clinical decisions and/or personalized treatment strategies for better patient outcomes. Collectively, a significant role for the adalimumab IS in assuring the quality, safety and efficacy of adalimumab products globally is envisaged.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Bioensaio/normas , Medicamentos Biossimilares/uso terapêutico , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/normas , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Animais , Especificidade de Anticorpos , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos Biossimilares/normas , Células CHO , Cricetulus , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Células Jurkat , Controle de Qualidade , Padrões de Referência , Equivalência Terapêutica , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/efeitos adversos , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/normas , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia , Células U937 , Organização Mundial da Saúde
19.
BioDrugs ; 35(4): 429-444, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914256

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MB02 (bevacizumab biosimilar) showed similar structural, functional, and pharmacokinetic properties to reference bevacizumab (Avastin®; EU-bevacizumab). OBJECTIVES: To confirm clinical similarity between MB02 and EU-bevacizumab, a comparability study was undertaken in the first-line treatment of stage IIIB/IV non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This multinational, double-blind, randomized, phase III study (STELLA) compared MB02 or EU-bevacizumab (15 mg/kg) administered with chemotherapy (paclitaxel 200 mg/m2 and carboplatin AUC6) on Day 1 of every 3-week cycle for 6 cycles (Week 18), followed by MB02/EU-bevacizumab in blinded monotherapy until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, death, withdrawal of consent or end of study (Week 52). The primary efficacy endpoint was objective response rate (ORR) evaluated by an independent radiological review committee (IRC) at Week 18 (intent-to-treat population). Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), safety and immunogenicity. RESULTS: A total of 627 subjects were randomized 1:1 to MB02 (n = 315) or EU-bevacizumab (n = 312). ORR, assessed by the IRC at Week 18, was comparable in MB02 (40.3%) and EU-bevacizumab (44.6%) groups. ORR risk ratio of 0.910 (90% CI 0.780 to 1.060; 95% CI 0.758 to 1.092) and ORR risk difference of -4.02 (90% CI -10.51 to 2.47; 95% CI -11.76 to 3.71) were within the similarity predefined margins. There were no significant differences between MB02 and EU-bevacizumab groups in median PFS (36.0 vs 37.3 weeks, respectively; HR 1.187; 95% CI 0.98 to 1.44) and median OS (not achieved; HR 1.108; 95% CI: 0.83 to 1.49) at the end of study. The safety profile of MB02 and EU-bevacizumab regarding nature, frequency and severity of the adverse events (AE) was comparable. The most frequent grade ≥3 investigational-product-related AEs were hypertension and anemia, with a difference between treatment groups of <5%. Anti-drug antibodies (ADA) and neutralizing ADA (NAb) incidence were similar in both treatment groups. CONCLUSION: MB02 demonstrated similar efficacy to EU-bevacizumab, in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel, in subjects with advanced non-squamous NSCLC, with comparable safety and immunogenicity profiles. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: EudraCT No. 2017-001769-26; ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03296163.


Assuntos
Medicamentos Biossimilares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Carboplatina , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Paclitaxel , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
RMD Open ; 7(2)2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33883254

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy, safety, immunogenicity and pharmacokinetics of biosimilar adalimumab (ADL) PF-06410293 (ADL-PF; adalimumab-afzb) versus EU-sourced reference ADL (ADL-EU) in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on longer-term treatment and after being switched from ADL-EU to ADL-PF. METHODS: In this multinational, double-blind study, patients with active RA were initially randomised to ADL-PF or ADL-EU for 26 weeks (treatment period (TP) 1). At the start of TP2 (weeks 26-52), patients in the ADL-EU arm were blindly re-randomised 1:1 to remain on ADL-EU (ADL-EU/ADL-EU; n=135) or switched to ADL-PF (ADL-EU/ADL-PF; n=134); patients receiving ADL-PF continued blinded treatment (ADL-PF/ADL-PF; n=283). RESULTS: The American College of Rheumatology 20% improvement (ACR20) response rates were comparable between treatment groups at all visits during TP2. At week 52, ACR20 response rates were 82.7% (ADL-PF/ADL-PF), 79.3% (ADL-EU/ADL-EU) and 84.3% (ADL-EU/ADL-PF). Other measures of deep response (ACR50/70, ACR/EULAR-defined remission, EULAR good response, and Disease Activity Score in 28 Joints Based on High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein <2.6) and Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index were maintained over TP2 and comparable between groups. Treatment-emergent adverse events were reported in 43.5% (ADL-PF/ADL-PF), 44.4% (ADL-EU/ADL-EU) and 38.3% (ADL-EU/ADL-PF) of patients; there were no clinically meaningful differences in the safety profiles between groups. The percentage of patients who were antidrug antibody positive was comparable overall among ADL-PF/ADL-PF (47.3%), ADL-EU/ADL-EU (54.1%) and ADL-EU/ADL-PF (45.9%). CONCLUSIONS: The similar efficacy, safety, immunogenicity and pharmacokinetics of ADL-PF and ADL-EU, maintained up to week 52, were unaffected by blinded treatment switch from ADL-EU to ADL-PF at week 26. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02480153; EudraCT number: 2014-000352-29.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Medicamentos Biossimilares , Atividades Cotidianas , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Humanos
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