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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(6): e19033, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Zaoren Anshen capsules (ZRAS) have been widely used to treat patients with insomnia. However, the efficacy and safety of ZRAS for insomnia treatment is not entirely clear. Therefore, it is necessary to clarify the effect of ZRAS for the treatment of insomnia by a systematic meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and WanFang databases and performed a manual search to retrieve relevant articles (available through January 2019) describing randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of ZRAS for the treatment of insomnia. The quality of the selected articles was assessed with the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool. A meta-analysis of the selected articles was performed with RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: A total of 13 articles including 1175 patients were included in the study. Overall, our results showed that ZRAS was slightly higher than that of the conventional Western medicine for insomnia in terms of clinical efficacy rate; but there was no statistical difference between the 2 groups (relative risk [RR] = 1.03, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [0.97, 1.09], P = .34). However, it should be noted that ZRAS treatment causes far fewer adverse reaction than treatment with conventional Western medicine (RR = 0.20, 95% CI = [0.14, 0.28], P < .00001). CONCLUSION: Our results suggested that ZRAS is an effective and safe treatment for insomnia, especially in adverse reaction. However, multi-regional and well-designed RCTs studies are needed in the future to validate the results.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/uso terapêutico , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/tratamento farmacológico , Cápsulas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/administração & dosagem , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18620, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chuankezhi injection (CKZ) is gaining increasing popularity for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) treatment, yet their comparative effectiveness and safety remain unclear. Therefore, we will provide a protocol to assess the efficacy and safety of CKZ for COPD. METHODS: From now until June 2020, we will conduct a comprehensive and systematic literature search in 4 Chinese and 4 English databases, and the use of CKZ in the treatment of COPD will be included in randomized controlled trials, as well as all the treatment of stable COPD during the treatment of all CKZ. The risk assessment of the bias tool in Cochrane 5.1.0 will be combined with the quality of the trial. The 2 investigators will independently perform quality assessments and data extractions for the included studies in strict accordance with inclusion and exclusion criteria and perform the meta-analysis with Stata 15 software (version 15.0, StataCorp, College Station, TX). RESULTS: Further evidence of CKZ treatment for COPD will be provided by this study. CONCLUSION: The efficacy and safety assessment of CKZ for COPD will be supported by this protocol. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: ROSPERO CRD 42019134133.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Epimedium , Morinda , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18507, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although memory loss and other symptoms of dementia pose tremendous burdens on patients and societies, there is currently no cure for dementia. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the anti-dementia effects of Danggui-Shaoyao-San (DSS), which is derived from natural resources. We searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from inception to June 2019. We searched PubMed, Embase, Korean databases (Research Information Service System and Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System), Chinese databases (China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database and Wanfang Database), and Japanese databases (CiNii and J-STAGE). Studies were included if they were a RCT, investigated the efficacy of DSS or its modified form, and included participants with dementia. Use of DSS with other treatment (eg, acupuncture, anti-dementia drugs, etc) was included. Items of each trial were evaluated by 2 independent reviewers. Data were pooled by using random-effect models. RESULTS: A total of 482 studies were identified, and 5 eligible studies for Alzheimer disease (AD) and 4 studies for vascular dementia (VD) were included in the final analysis, representing a total of 567 participants. As for AD, pooled results of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) (mean differences [MD] 4.60; 95% confidence interval [CI] 4.29, 4.91) and activities of daily living (MD 11.40; 95% CI 10.94, 11.86) favored DSS. DSS had synergistic effect with acupuncture over acupuncture alone in MMSE (MD 1.69; 95% CI 1.05, 2.34), Hasegawa Dementia Scale (MD.62; 95% CI -0.20, 1.44), and activities of daily living (MD 2.38; 95% CI 1.92, 2.85). In VD, pooled results showed a significant difference in the score of dementia scales such as MMSE and Hasegawa Dementia Scale compared with nootropic drugs. DSS significantly reduced symptoms (odds ratio 5.02, 95%, CI 2.76-9.11) in patients with VD. The respective size of each RCTs was small and some included studies were of low quality due to their limited description on methodological issues. CONCLUSION: These estimates suggest that DSS provides clinically important reductions in symptoms of AD and VD and can be a promising anti-dementia drug candidate.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Demência Vascular/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Atividades Cotidianas , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , China , Terapia Combinada , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Nootrópicos/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18743, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is one of the common diseases with increasing incidence in clinical surgery and other gastrointestinal-digestive departments. Despite the rapid development of modern medicine, the overall mortality rate of AP is still high. Xuebijing (XBJ) injection (a traditional Chinese patent medicine) is a potentially effective drug for AP. This study is designed to assess the efficacy and safety of XBJ injection for AP. METHODS: We will extract data and assess methodological quality of included studies from 7 electronic databases from their inception to December 31, 2019. The primary outcomes include the mortality, surgical intervention, systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), local complications, systemic infections, gastrointestinal symptoms, and normal blood amylase recovery time. The statistical analysis will be performed using RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: This study will provide high-quality evidence for the efficacy of XBJ injection as an adjuvant therapy for AP. CONCLUSION: The study will provide the key evidence for clinical doctors and the development of clinical guidelines.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Pancreatite/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Injeções , Metanálise como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18849, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977883

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Molecular targeted anticancer drugs such as multikinase inhibitors have shown obvious therapeutic advantages in a variety of tumors. The occurrence of hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR) is positively correlated with therapeutic effect, but it is also the most common cause of dose limiting toxicity for this treatment. This can lead to interruption or decrement of the treatment, a reduction in quality of life for patients, as well as potentially leading to secondary infections. As a result, the curative effect of targeted anticancer drugs will be negatively impacted. Currently, there is no certain and effective therapy. External use of Chinese herb medicine LC09 in the early treatment of HFSR has shown positive outcomes, but it is necessary to carry out further clinical research to confirm. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of topical soaks of Chinese herbal medicine LC09 for HFSR induced by molecular targeted anticancer drugs. METHODS: The trial is a prospective, randomized, controlled, double-blind, monocentric, and interventional study. A total of 66 patients with HFSR will be recruited and randomly assigned to receive either LC09 Granules or placebo. The primary outcomes are the assessment of HFSR grade and pain score. The secondary outcomes are the evaluation of the quality of life, incidence of targeted drug dosage reduction, and incidence of targeted drug withdrawal. DISCUSSION: This prospective, randomized clinical trial will provide valuable data regarding the efficacy and safety of topical soak treatments with LC09 granules for HFSR. Positive results would provide evidence-based complementary therapeutic approach future treatments of HFSR. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, http://www.chictr.org.cn, ChiCTR1900023679. Registered on 7 June 2019.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Dermatopatias/induzido quimicamente , Dermatopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Banhos , Método Duplo-Cego , , Mãos , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 366, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Marsdenia tenacissima extract (MTE) is a phytochemical widely used as complementary therapy in cancer care. This systematic review was conducted to investigate the anticancer and detoxification effects of MTE, as an adjuvant therapy to chemotherapy, for treating gastric cancer. METHODS: Ten databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing oral or injectable MTE plus chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone for treating gastric cancer up to May 1, 2019. In meta-analyses, proportional odds ratios (PORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were pooled for the ordinal outcomes using the generalized linear model, and risk ratios (RRs) with 95% CIs were pooled for dichotomous outcomes using the Mantel-Haenszel method. RESULTS: Seventeen RCTs with 1329 individuals were included, with a moderate to high risk of selection and performance bias. Compared to chemotherapy alone, MTE adjuvant therapy significantly improved the response to anticancer treatment (POR 2.01, 95% CI 1.60-2.53) and patients' performance status (POR 3.15, 95% CI 2.22-4.48) and reduce the incidences of chemotherapy-induced leukopenia (RR 0.66, 95% CI 0.56-0.78), thrombocytopenia (RR 0.64, 95% CI 0.48-0.86), anemia (RR 0.89, 95% CI 0.72-1.10), nausea/vomiting (RR 0.79, 95% CI 0.69-0.91), hepatic injury (RR 0.77, 95% CI 0.61-0.96), and peripheral neurotoxicity (RR 0.77, 95% CI 0.59-1.01). However, MTE did not significantly alleviate anemia, diarrhea, constipation, kidney injury, and oral mucosal lesions after chemotherapy. Incidence of nausea/vomiting was lower in patients receiving oral MTE than those receiving injectable MTE (RR 0.47 vs. 0.82, interaction P = 0.04). Heterogeneity was generally low among these outcomes. Three out of five RCTs that reported survival data supported the effects of MTE for prolonging progression-free and/or overall survival. No studies reported safety outcomes of MTE. CONCLUSIONS: The current evidence with limitations of risk of selection and performance bias suggests that MTE, as an adjuvant therapy to chemotherapy, is effective for inhibiting cancer growth and reducing incidences of multiple chemotherapy side effects. Oral MTE may be a better choice. Uncertainty remains regarding the effects of MTE on survival endpoints and the subgroup differences between acute and chronic use of MTE and between different chemotherapy regimens.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Marsdenia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(49): e18134, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804323

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Essential hypertension is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world and a major risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Hypertension often leads to a variety of complications, of which vascular endothelial dysfunction is an important part. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) combined with western medicine can significantly improve vascular endothelial function in patients with hypertension, but it has not been systematically evaluated for efficacy and safety of essential hypertension. Therefore, we aim to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TCM combined with western medicine in improving vascular endothelial function in patients with essential hypertension. METHODS: We will search PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI), Wanfang Database, China Science Journal Database (VIP Database) and China Biomedical Literature Database (CBM). Clinical trial registrations, potential grey literature, related conference abstracts, and reference lists of identified studies will also be retrieved. The electronic database will be searched for literatures published from the beginning to October 2018. Based on the heterogeneity test, data integration is performed using a fixed effect model or a random effects model. Changes in blood pressure and endothelial function will be assessed as primary outcomes. Drug use, disease progression and adverse events will be assessed as secondary outcomes. RevMan V.5.3.5 will be used for meta-analysis. RESULTS: This systematic review and meta-analysis will provide high-quality evidence from a variety of aspects, including efficacy, blood pressure, vascular endothelial function and adverse reactions, to assess the efficacy and safety of TCM combined with western medicine in patients with hypertension. CONCLUSION: This systematic review will determine whether TCM combined with western medicine provides evidence for effective intervention of vascular endothelial function in patients with essential hypertension. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials does not require ethical recognition, and the results of this paper will be published in an open access, internationally influential academic journal. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019140743.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipertensão Essencial/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Hipertensivos/administração & dosagem , Anti-Hipertensivos/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18257, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Compound kushen injection is increasingly used to treat various cancers. However, its role in the management of multiple myeloma (MM) is still controversial and requires further clarification. The aim of this study is to evaluate efficacy and safety of compound kushen injection for MM through systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We are going to search the 6 electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wangfang and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database. General characteristics and Specific trial characteristics will be collected from the included studies. The outcomes included overall response rate, complete response rate, 3-year progression-free survival rate, 3-year overall survival rate, and different types of treatment-related adverse events. We calculated the risk ratios as well as their 95% confidence intervals of these outcomes and pooled the results through RevMan 5.2 software. DISCUSSION: The results of the study will be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal for publication. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study is not a clinical study, ethical approval is not required.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Injeções , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(52): e18552, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Compound Kushen injection (CKI) is a commonly used anti-tumor Chinese patent medicine, which is extracted from Kushen (Radix Sophorae Flavescentis) and Baituling (Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae) and has been widely prescribed as an add-on therapy to platinum-based chemotherapy (PBC) for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the efficacy and safety of this combination therapy remain controversial. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic review and meta-analysis will be performed following the PRISMA (Preferred Reported Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis) guidelines. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing CKI in combination with PBC versus PBC alone will be retrieved and assessed for inclusion. Analyses will be performed using Review Manager 5.3, Comprehensive Meta-Analysis 3.0 and Trial Sequential Analysis software. The disease control rate (DCR) will be defined as the primary outcome, and the objective response rate (ORR), quality of life (QOL), survival rate, and toxicities will be the secondary outcomes. RESULTS: This study will systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Compound Kushen injection combined with platinum-based chemotherapy in the treatment of stage III/IV NSCLC. The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review and meta-analysis of eligible randomized controlled trials will evaluate the effects of Compound Kushen injection as adjunctive therapy to platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with stage III/IV non-small cell lung cancer, thus providing evidence to the clinical use of this combination therapy for the specific subsets of patients. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019134892.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Platina/uso terapêutico , Adjuvantes Farmacêuticos/administração & dosagem , Adjuvantes Farmacêuticos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Compostos de Platina/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(52): e18556, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is one of the most serious cardiovascular diseases. Shenqi Fuzheng injection (SQFZI), as a Chinese herbal injection, is usually used for the treatment of CHF. However, the clinical evidence of SQFZI for the treatment of CHF is unclear. METHODS: Two researchers will dependently search literatures of SQFZI for CHF from Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database, VIP database, Chinese Biological and Medicine database, Wangfang database, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and Web of Science. These inclusive data of included studies will be conducted by RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: This meta-analysis and systematic review will provide a series of outcome measures to verify clinical efficacy and safety of SQFZI for treating CHF, including New York Heart Association (NYHA) function classification, left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular end-diastolic dimension, cardiac output, stroke volume, brain natriuretic peptide, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, and adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis and systematic review will provide up-to-date clinical evidence to assess SQFZI treatment efficacy for CHF patients.


Assuntos
Cardiotônicos/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiotônicos/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Injeções , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 31(10): 1199-1203, 2019 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771714

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This article is based on the research paper named Xuebijing injection versus placebo for critically ill patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia: a randomized controlled trial which was published in Critical Care Medicine (CCM), introducing its study results and relevant clinical value. Moreover, we attached two peer experts' comments on this study for the readers' reference.


Assuntos
Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Estado Terminal , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos
12.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 336, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775729

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to assess the tolerability and safety of DQTM tablet, which contains a complex mixture of Salvia miltiorrhiza salvianolic acids and Panax notoginseng saponins. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled phase I dose escalation study was conducted in 84 healthy volunteers. In a single ascending dose study, active ingredients were administered in various doses (90, 270, 540, 1080, 1800, 2880, 4320 or 5760 mg) to 60 subjects in cohorts 1-8. In a multiple ascending dose study, active ingredients were administered at doses of 360, 720 or 2160 mg twice daily to 24 subjects in cohorts 9-11 for 14 consecutive days. Safety was evaluated based on clinical symptoms, vital signs, physical examinations, electrocardiography, laboratory tests and adverse events. RESULTS: No serious adverse events or clinically significant changes in vital signs or electrocardiography were observed. One subject experienced mildly elevated levels of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate transaminase but recovered spontaneously. Five subjects experienced a small increase in the number of daily stools. CONCLUSIONS: DQTM tablet was well tolerated at single doses of up to 5760 mg and twice-daily doses of up to 2160 mg for 14 consecutive days. The most frequent adverse event was an increase in the number of daily stools.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Comprimidos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17624, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689770

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer is a male malignant tumor disease with high prevalence in recent years. Patients with advanced prostate cancer are more likely to have bone metastasis and have strong bone pain, and even lead to pathological fracture, which has a serious impact on the quality of life of patients. Traditional Chinese medicine has good clinical efficacy in treating pain caused by prostate cancer .This review hopes to adopt meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TCM in the treatment of pain caused by prostate cancer and provide evidence for its application in clinical practice. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search for PubMed, Cochrane Library, AMED, EMbase, WorldSciNet; Nature, Science online and China Journal Full-text Database (CNKI), China Biomedical Literature CD-ROM Database (CBM), and related randomized controlled trials included in the China Resources Database. The time is limited from the construction of the library to June 2019.We will use the criteria provided by Cochrane 5.1.0 for quality assessment and risk assessment of the included studies, and use the Revman 5.3 and Stata13.0 software for meta-analysis of the effectiveness, recurrence rate, and symptom scores of pain caused by prostate cancer. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This systematic review will evaluate the efficacy and safety of TCM for pain caused by prostate cancer. Because all of the data used in this systematic review and meta-analysis has been published, this review does not require ethical approval. Furthermore, all data will be analyzed anonymously during the review process Trial. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42019131544.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Dor do Câncer/terapia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17646, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common disease. It affects the quality of life of both husband and wife and becomes an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events. In China, Shugan Yiyang (SGYY) capsule has been increasingly reported in clinical trials for the treatment of ED and reported inconsistent findings. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this drug for the treatment of ED. METHODS: Chinese and English literature of SGYY capsule for ED published before August 31, 2019 will be comprehensive searched in PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, WANFANG, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP Chinese Science and Technology Journal Database, Chinese biomedical document service system, and Clinicaltrials.gov. All randomized controlled trials that meet the eligibility criteria will be included and other studies will be excluded. Two investigators will conduct literature screening, data extraction and assess risk of bias alone, and the third investigator will handle disagreements. Two outcomes involving the international index of erectile function 5 score and adverse events will be evaluated. RevMan 5.3 and Stata 14.0 will be used to conduct this systematic review. The preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) statement is followed in this protocol and the the PRISMA statement will be followed in the completed systematic review. CONCLUSION AND DISSEMINATION: The efficacy and safety of SGYY capsule for ED will be evaluated. We will publish the results of this systematic review in peer-reviewed journals to provide new evidence to clinicians.Registration information: PROSPERO CRD42019140903.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Disfunção Erétil/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores Etários , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
15.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 316, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Icariin (ICA) is the major active ingredient extracted from Chinese herbal medicine Epimedium, which has the effects of improving cardiovascular function, inducing tumor cell differentiation and increasing bone formation. It is still rarely reported that ICA can exert its therapeutic potential in asthma via anti-airway remodeling. The point of the study was to estimate the role of ICA in anti-. airway remodeling and its possible mechanism of action in a mouse ovalbumin. (OVA)-induced asthma model. METHODS: Hematoxylin and Eosin Staining were performed for measuring airway remodeling related indicators. ELISA, Western blot and Immunohistochemistr-. y (IHC) were used for analyzing the level of protein. RT-PCR was used for analyzing the level of mRNA. RESULTS: On days 1 and 8, mice were sensitized to OVA by intraperitoneal injection. From day 16 to day 43, previously sensitized mice were exposed to OVA once daily by nebulizer. Interventions were performed orally with ICA (ICA low, medium and high dose groups) or dexamethasone 1 h prior to each OVA exposure. ICA improves pulmonary function, attenuates pulmonary inflammation and airway remodeling in mice exposed to OVA. Histological and Western blot analysis of the lungs show that ICA suppressed transforming growth factor beta 1 and vascular endothelial growth factor expression. Increase in interleukin 13 and endothelin-1 in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in OVA-induced asthmatic mice are also decreased by ICA. ICA attenuates airway smooth muscle cell proliferation, as well as key factors in the MAPK/Erk pathway. CONCLUSIONS: The fact that ICA can alleviate OVA-induced asthma at least partly through inhibition of ASMC proliferation via MAPK/Erk pathway provides a solid theoretical basis for ICA as a replacement therapy for asthma. These data reveal the underlying reasons of the use of ICA-rich herbs in Traditional Chinese Medicine to achieve good results in treating asthma.


Assuntos
Remodelação das Vias Aéreas/efeitos dos fármacos , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Epimedium/química , Flavonoides/administração & dosagem , Animais , Asma/genética , Asma/metabolismo , Asma/fisiopatologia , Endotelina-1/genética , Endotelina-1/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-13/genética , Interleucina-13/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
16.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 318, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Altered cellular metabolism is considered to be one of the hallmarks of cancer (Coller, Am J Pathol 184:4-17, 2014; Kim and Bae, Curr Opin Hematol 25:52-59, 2018). However, few studies have investigated the role of metabolism in the development of gastric precancerous lesions (GPLs). Weipiling (WPL), a traditional Chinese medicine formula for treatment of GPLs. In this study, we evaluated the amelioration of GPLs by WPL and investigated the possible role of WPL in regulating glucose metabolism. METHODS: Firstly, the major components of WPL are chemically characterized by HPLC analytical method. In this study, we chose the Atp4a-/- mouse model (Spicer etal., J Biol Chem 275:21555-21565, 2000) for GPL analysis. Different doses of WPL were administered orally to mice for 10 weeks. Next, the pathological changes of gastric mucosa were assessed by the H&E staining and AB-PAS staining. In addition, TUNEL staining was used to evaluate apoptosis, and we further used immunohistochemically labelled CDX2, MUC2, ki-67, PTEN, and p53 proteins to assess the characteristic changes of gastric mucosa in precancerous lesions. The levels of such transporters as HK-II, PKM2, ENO1, MPC1, and LDHA were determined by Western blot analysis. Finally, we assessed the expression of mTOR, HIF-1α, AMPK, Rheb, TSC1 and TSC2 protein in the gastric mucosa of Atp4a-/-mice. RESULTS: In this work, we evaluated the protective effect of WPL on gastric mucosa in mice with precancerous lesions. The aberrant apoptosis in gastric mucosa of gastric pre-cancerous lesions was controlled by WPL (P<0.05). Furthermore, WPL suppressed the expression of CDX2, MUC2, ki-67, PTEN and p53, as the levels of these proteins decreased significantly compared with the model group (P<0.05). In parallel, WPL significantly suppressed the expression of transporters, such as HK-II, PKM2, ENO1, MPC1 and LDHA (P<0.05). In addition, mTOR, HIF-1a, AMPK, Rheb, TSC1 and TSC2 protein levels in gastric mucosa of Atp4a-/- mice in the high- and low-dose WPL groups were significantly lower than those in the model group (P<0.05), while the expression of TSC1 and TSC2 protein was significantly higher (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Conclusively, WPL could ameliorate GPLs in Atp4a-/- mice by inhibiting the expression of transporters and suppressing the aberrant activation of mTOR/HIF-1α.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Mucosa Gástrica/efeitos dos fármacos , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/genética , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/metabolismo , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Proteína 1 do Complexo Esclerose Tuberosa/genética , Proteína 1 do Complexo Esclerose Tuberosa/metabolismo
17.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 317, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Doxorubicin (DOX) is a chemotherapy drug for malignant tumors. The clinical application of DOX is limited due to its dosage relative cardiotoxicity. Oxidative damage and cardiac inflammation appear to be involved in DOX-related cardiotoxicity. Shenmai injection (SMI), which mainly consists of Panax ginsengC.A.Mey.and Ophiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker Gawl, is widely used for the treatment of atherosclerotic coronary heart disease and viral myocarditis in China. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of Shenmai injection on doxorubicin-induced acute cardiac injury via the regulation of inflammatory mediators. METHODS: Male ICR mice were randomly divided into seven groups: control, DOX (10 mg/kg), SMI (5 g/kg), DOX with pretreatment with SMI (0.5 g/kg, 1.5 g/kg or 5 g/kg) and DOX with post-treatment with SMI (5 g/kg). Forty-eight hours after the last DOX administration, all mice were anesthetized for ultrasound echocardiography. Then, serum was collected for biochemical and inflammatory cytokine detection, and heart tissue was collected for histological and Western blot detection. RESULTS: A cumulative dose of DOX (10 mg/kg) induced acute cardiotoxicity in mice manifested by altered echocardiographic outcome, and increased tumor necrosis factor, interleukin 6 (IL-6), monocyte chemotactic protein 1, interferon-γ, and serum AST and LDH levels, as well as cardiac cytoplasmic vacuolation and myofibrillar disarrangement. DOX also caused the increase in the expression of IKK-α and iNOS and produced a large amount of NO, resulting in the accumulation of nitrotyrosine in the heart tissue. Pretreatment with SMI elicited a dose-dependent cardioprotective effect in DOX-dosed mice as evidenced by the normalization of serum inflammatory mediators, as well as improve dcardiac function and myofibril disarrangement. CONCLUSIONS: SMI could recover inflammatory cytokine levels and suppress the expression of IKK-α and iNOS in vivo, which was increased by DOX. Overall, there was evidence that SMI could ameliorate DOX-induced cardiotoxicity by inhibiting inflammation and recovering heart dysfunction.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Cardiotoxicidade/prevenção & controle , Doxorrubicina/toxicidade , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Animais , Cardiotoxicidade/etiologia , Cardiotoxicidade/genética , Cardiotoxicidade/metabolismo , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Ophiopogon/química , Panax/química , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e18150, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770256

RESUMO

The current research aimed to investigate the correlation between the effect of Wuzhi soft capsule (WZC) on FK506 concentration and CYP3A5 gene polymorphism in patients with membranous nephropathy (MN).Seventy-five patients with idiopathic MN were enrolled and divided according to the expression of CYP3A5 gene metabolic enzyme into group A (CP3A5 metabolic enzyme function expression types CYP3A5*1/*1 type and CYP3A5*1/*3 type), and group B (non-expression type CYP3A5*3/*3 type). All patients were given oral administration of tacrolimus capsule at the initial dose of 1 mg for twice a day 1 hour before breakfast and dinner. Afterwards, the oral administration of WZC was added at the dose of 0.5 g for 3 times a day within half an hour after 3 meals.The blood concentrations of FK506 in groups A and B were significantly higher than those before administration. Compared with that before administration, the FK506 blood concentration was increased by 3.051 ±â€Š0.774 ng/ml after adding the WZC. Besides, the blood concentrations of FK506 in group A were lower than those in group B before and after administration; meanwhile, the 24 hours total urine protein and the biochemical indexes in both groups displayed no statistically significant difference. Only 1 case of diarrhea was observed, which was relieved after the reduction of tacrolimus.Wuzhi soft capsule can significantly increase the blood concentration of FK506 in MN patients. Moreover, the CYP3A5 genotyping should be considered when WZC is used to increase the blood concentration of FK506.


Assuntos
Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/genética , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa , Tacrolimo , Adulto , Inibidores de Calcineurina/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Calcineurina/farmacocinética , Cápsulas , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacocinética , Feminino , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/tratamento farmacológico , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/genética , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/imunologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Farmacogenômicos , Polimorfismo Genético , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Tacrolimo/administração & dosagem , Tacrolimo/farmacocinética
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17927, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In recent years, the clinical research about Compound Kushen Injection (CKI) treatment of Gastric cancer (GC) has been increased, but the conclusion is different. The aim of our study is to objective comment the efficacy and adverse effects of CKI treatment of GC. METHODS: We will retrieve the Randomized controlled trials from the following 6 electronic databases on their inception to April 2019: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wangfang and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database. Study selection and data collection will be performed independently by 2 reviewers. Cochrane Risk of Bias tool will be used to assess the risk of bias of included studies. The outcomes included overall response rate, complete response rate, 3-year progression-free survival rate, 3-year overall survival rate, and different types of treatment-related adverse events. We calculated the risk ratios as well as their 95% confidence intervals of these outcomes and pooled the results using RevMan 5.2 software and Stata 14.0 software. RESULTS: The results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: The results of this review will be widely disseminated through peer-reviewed publications and conference presentations. This evidence may also provide helpful evidence for clinical practice and health policy-makers for the treatment of GC. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019133770.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Injeções , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3502-3511, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602915

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to compare the properties of Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets and Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets from dose-effect-toxicity on type Ⅱ collagen-induced arthritis( CIA) in rats. SD rats were randomly divided into eight groups,including normal group,model group,Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets groups( 1 times equivalent dose 0.009 g·kg-1,4 times equivalent dose 0.036 g·kg-1,16 times equivalent dose 0.144 g·kg-1),Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets groups( 1 times equivalent dose 0.007 5 mg·kg-1,4 times equivalent dose 0.030 mg·kg-1,16 times equivalent dose 0.120 mg·kg-1). Beginning on the first immunization,Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets and Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets administered intraperitoneally once a day. After the second immunization,the symptoms such as redness and swelling of joints were observed,and the clinical score and incidence of arthritis were evaluated. HE and Masson staining were used to examine the histopathological changes of joints. The expression level of anti-type Ⅱ collagen antibody Ig G in serum was detected by ELISA,routine testing of blood components,the concentration of ALP( alkaline phosphatase),ALT( alanine aminotransferase),AST( aspartate aminotransferase),GGT( gamma-glutamyltransferase),TBi L( total bilirubin),CRE( creatinine) and UREA( urea) in serum were detected by enzymatic assay. The rate of sperm deformity in the epididymis was evaluated under light microscope. The extent of damage to the testis and ovarian tissue was assessed by HE staining. Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets and Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets attenuated the inflammation,redness,swelling and deformity of joints and reduced the clinical score and incidence of arthritis in CIA rats. Meanwhile,it also exhibited obvious reduction in all pathological features such as joint synovitis,pannus,cartilage erosion and bone destruction. Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets and Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets reduced Ig G in a dose-dependent manner,and Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets is better than Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets( P<0.05 or P<0.01). The high doses of Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets and Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets could significantly increase the organ coefficient of liver and spleen and reduced RBC and HGB in CIA rats( P<0.01),and severity leading to death. Gastric mucosal injury and morphological changes of liver and kidney were not observed in CIA rats of Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets and Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets treatment group. The 4 and 16 times doses of Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets and Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets could significantly increase serum ALT,GGT and decrease CRE( P<0.05 or P<0.01). Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets and Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets could increase the sperm deformity rate and damage the testicular seminiferous tubules of CIA male rats. Severity increased with dose and time increasing. The effect of Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets( 16 times) is more significant than Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets( 16 times). Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets and Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets significantly delayed onset of arthritis and inhibited the paw edema and arthritic score. Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets and Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets also caused male reproductive damage,high dose affected hematopoiesis,and maximum dose leading to death. Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets and Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets all depended on dose-effect-toxicity manner. Anti-arthritis effect of Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets is better than Tripterygium wilfordii Tablets,but the toxicity of Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets maximum dose is more obvious. The relevant conclusions of our study will provide experimental references for clinical rational use of drugs,and further clinical studies are needed to confirm our conclusions.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Glicosídeos/administração & dosagem , Glicosídeos/toxicidade , Tripterygium/toxicidade , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Comprimidos
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