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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(12): 2772-2783, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627450

RESUMO

Periplocae Cortex is a traditional Chinese medicine in China, which is mainly produced in northeast China, north China, northwest China, southwest China. In recent years, the increasing in-depth research resulted in the discovery of anti-tumor and cardiac pharmacological activities of Periplocae Cortex, which has broad application prospects. On the basis of summarizing chemical components and pharmacological effects, combined with the theoretical system of Q-marker, the quality control components of Periplocae Cortex were predicted from the aspects of the correlation between chemical composition and traditional medicinal properties, traditional efficacy, and new clinical use, plasma composition, measurable composition, storage time by analyzing literature. Among the components, periplocoside, periplocin, periplogenin, 4-methoxy salicylaldehyde showed significant activity, which provides a scientific basis for quality evaluation of Periplocae Cortex.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Biomarcadores , China , Controle de Qualidade
2.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235533, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634169

RESUMO

Microctis Folium is the dried leaves of a plant (Microcos paniculata L.) used to improve the digestive system, alleviate diarrhoea, and relieve fever, but information regarding its chemical composition has rarely been reported. The traditional research approach of determining chemical composition has included isolating, purifying, and identifying compounds with high-cost and time-consuming processes. In this study, molecular networking (MN) and fingerprint analysis were integrated as a comprehensive approach to study the chemical composition of Microctis Folium by an ultra fast liquid chromatography-photo diode array detector-triple-time of flight-tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-DAD-Triple TOF-MS/MS). Large numbers of mass spectrometric data were processed to identify constituents, and the identified compounds and their unknown analogues were comprehensively depicted as visualized figures comprising distinct families by MN. A validated fingerprint methodology was established to quantitatively determine compounds in Microctis Folium. Ultimately, 165 constituents were identified in Microctis Folium for the first time and the identified compounds and approximately five hundred unknown analogues were applied to create visualized figures by MN, indicating compound groups and their chemical structure analogues in Microctis Folium. The validated fingerprint methodology was indicated to be specific, repeatable, precise, and stable and was used to determine 15 batches of samples during three seasons in three districts. Furthermore, seasonal or geographic environmental influences on the chemical profile were estimated by principal coordinate analysis. The results can be used to control the quality of Microctis Folium, observe seasonal or geographic environmental influences on the chemical profiles, and provide a reference for further exploitation of potential active unknown analogues in the future.


Assuntos
Malvaceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Malvaceae/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Análise de Componente Principal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estações do Ano , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(8): 1859-1865, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489070

RESUMO

The historical preparation methods of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma were summarized and analyzed by consulting relevant literatures of herbal medicines and medical classics. This study also reviewed the records of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma processing methods in previous editions of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia and the regulations on processing technology of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma decoction pieces in China. This paper summarized the processing history of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and defined the development process of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma processing. According to textual research from ancient times to today, there are many ways to process Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. The processing methods without auxiliary materials include braising, frying, cooking, simmering and adding such auxiliary materials as wine, vinegar, salt, oil, ginger, honey, water and bile. There are 9 editions of the published Chinese Pharmacopoeia that document the processing of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and 24 provinces and cities nationwide record the processing of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. At present, the 2015 edition of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia only records the processing technology of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma honey, and the honey processing method is still widely usedtoday. Whether or not Zhigancao should be used uniformly for honey-processed Zhigancao today should be based on the processing methods of Chinese herbal medicine and its clinical use in previous ancient medical books. This paper provides a reference and historical basis for subsequent studies on other processing techniques of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, the rational selection of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma varieties and the further development and utilization of corresponding medicinal materials.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Triterpenos , China , Extratos Vegetais , Rizoma/química
4.
Phytomedicine ; 75: 153246, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32510336

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is of utmost significance to choose the bioactive components as quality markers for ensuring the effectiveness of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Nonetheless, some markers are able to assess effectively the quality of TCM without considering the pharmacological mechanisms and intrinsic chemical complexities. OBJECTIVE: This underscores the need to discover new and efficient markers which can assess both quality and mechanism of action. Herein, a strategy of bioactive-chemical quality marker combination was proposed to improve the level of the quality control of TCM by metabolomics coupled with chemometrics. METHODS: A four-step plan was followed. Firstly, acquisition of metabolic features and component characterization of different batches of pollen of Typha orientalis C.Presl were performed using UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS. Secondly, the direct inhibitory effects of pollen of T. orientalis on thrombin was assessed by using chromogenic substrate method together with HPLC. Thereafter, bioactive-chemical marker combination associated with anti-thrombin segregation was screened using supervised classifiers. Finally, quantitative assay and prediction-model of selected markers were established for guarantying the quality of pollen of T. orientalis. RESULTS: A total of 22 compounds were annotated based on comparison with previous work from pollen of T. orientalis by UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS. Citric acid and linolenic acid inhibited the thrombin activity with IC50 values, 0.52 ± 0.02 and 0.51 ± 0.02 mg/mL, respectively. A bioactive-chemical marker combination including citric acid, linolenic acid, typhaneoside, and isorhamnetin-3-O-neohesperidoside were discovered and selected as quality markers for evaluation of pollen of T. orientalis according to their capacity for inhibiting thrombin. CONCLUSION: The thrombin-based discovery strategy of bioactive-chemical marker combination was a powerful tool for screening the quality markers for evaluation of pollen of T. orientalis.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Pólen/química , Trombina/antagonistas & inibidores , Typhaceae/química , Biomarcadores/análise , Biomarcadores Farmacológicos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Flavonóis/análise , Glicosídeos/análise , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/normas , Metabolômica/métodos , Controle de Qualidade , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
5.
Pharmacol Res ; 157: 104820, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360484

RESUMO

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has become a huge threaten to global health, which raise urgent demand of developing efficient therapeutic strategy. The aim of the present study is to dissect the chemical composition and the pharmacological mechanism of Qingfei Paidu Decoction (QFPD), a clinically used Chinese medicine for treating COVID-19 patients in China. Through comprehensive analysis by liquid chromatography coupled with high resolution mass spectrometry (MS), a total of 129 compounds of QFPD were putatively identified. We also constructed molecular networking of mass spectrometry data to classify these compounds into 14 main clusters, in which exhibited specific patterns of flavonoids (45 %), glycosides (15 %), carboxylic acids (10 %), and saponins (5 %). The target network model of QFPD, established by predicting and collecting the targets of identified compounds, indicated a pivotal role of Ma Xing Shi Gan Decoction (MXSG) in the therapeutic efficacy of QFPD. Supportively, through transcriptomic analysis of gene expression after MXSG administration in rat model of LPS-induced pneumonia, the thrombin and Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling pathway were suggested to be essential pathways for MXSG mediated anti-inflammatory effects. Besides, changes in content of major compounds in MXSG during decoction were found by the chemical analysis. We also validate that one major compound in MXSG, i.e. glycyrrhizic acid, inhibited TLR agonists induced IL-6 production in macrophage. In conclusion, the integration of in silico and experimental results indicated that the therapeutic effects of QFPD against COVID-19 may be attributed to the anti-inflammatory effects of MXSG, which supports the rationality of the compatibility of TCM.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/análise , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Células Cultivadas , Simulação por Computador , Infecções por Coronavirus/genética , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Glicirrízico/farmacologia , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Lipopeptídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopeptídeos/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia/induzido quimicamente , Pneumonia/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/genética , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Trombina/metabolismo , Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo
6.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(1): 0, 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-51054

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analysis the medication characteristics of the prescriptions issued via open channel by the National and Provincial Health Committee and the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine in treating coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: We collected the data of traditional Chinese medicine related to treatment plans published by the National and Provincial Health Committee and the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine from the start of COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan to February 19, 2020. The frequency analysis, cluster analysis and correlation analysis were performed. RESULTS: The study collected 4 national and 34 regional prevention and treatment plans, 578 items, 84 traditional Chinese formulations, 60 Chinese patent medicines, and 230 Chinese herbs. The high frequently used herbs were Liquorice, Scutellariabaicalensis, Semen armeniacaeamarae, and Gypsum. The commonly used traditional formulations included Maxing Shigan Decoction, Yin Qiao Powder, and Xuanbai Chengqi Decoction. The Chinese patent drugs included Angong Niuhuang Pill, Xuebijing Injection, and Lianhua Qingwen Capsule. The most common paired medications were Ephedra and Semen armeniacaeamarae, Fructusforsythiae and Liquorice. Two core combinations and one novel formula were discovered in the study. CONCLUSIONS: Yin Qiao Powder and Huopo Xialing Decoction are the basic formulations for Weifen syndrome of COVID-19. In addition, Maxing Shigan Decoction, Liang Ge Powder, Qingwen Baidu Decoction and Da Yuan Decoction are the basic formulations for Qifen syndrome of COVID-19. The main medication characteristics are clearing heat, entilating lung, removing toxicity and removing turbidity. It shows that removing toxicity and eliminating evil are the prescription thought in treating epidemic disease of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Mineração de Dados , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Betacoronavirus , Análise por Conglomerados , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(4): 825-828, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237482

RESUMO

With the increasing demand for traditional Chinese medicines(TCMs), the resources of TCMs are gradually rare, and the phenomenon that TCMs fake is a common occurrence. Consequently, we need to urgently improve identification technique of TCMs. Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy(THz-TDS) is a newly emerging spectroscopy technology that has been widely used in image, security inspection, biological detection, medicine, material technology, aerospace, oil exploration and other fields. Which is currently used as a simple and quick method to identify the origins, fake products, processed products and pesticide residues of TCMs, hence, it plays a significant role in supplementing and improving the quality control levels of TCMs. In this paper, the composition principle of THz-TDS and its advantages in authentification of TCMs have been summarized. Additionally, the current situation and application prospects of THz-TDS in the field of TCM identification have also been reviewed.


Assuntos
Contaminação de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Espectroscopia Terahertz , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Controle de Qualidade , Análise Espectral
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(4): 937-945, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237497

RESUMO

The study explores the application of Tanreqing Injection into brain components in brain diseases. The components of Tanreqing Injection and its existing components in rat cerebrospinal fluid were qualitatively analyzed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS). The possible mechanism of action of Tanreqing Injection into brain on brain diseases was predicted by network pharmacological theory. In this study, 17 brain-entry components of Tanreqing Injection were founded, and 222 core targets were obtained from network pharmacological results. The biological processes include 31 items such as negative regulation of apoptotic process, MAPK cascade, Ras protein signal transduction, and 22 items such as PI3 K-Akt signal transduction, MAPK signal transduction and neurotrophic factor signal transduction. Nine brain diseases including stroke, migraine and meningioma were screened out by predicting the effect of Tanreqing Injection on brain components, which provide ideas and directions for further study of a certain encephalopathy and lay a theoretical foundation for further revealing its molecular mechanism.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Animais , Apoptose , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/química , Cromatografia Líquida , Injeções , Espectrometria de Massas , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(5): 1034-1038, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237442

RESUMO

The study on the targets of traditional Chinese medicine is an important part of researchers using modern scientific language to clarify the mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine. However, the research on the targets of Chinese medicine is full of challenges due to the complexity of active ingredients. As a branch of systems biology, proteomics focus on specific proteins in living organisms from a holistic perspective, which significantly improves the efficiency of targets discovery and has obvious advantages in the research of targets of Chinese medicine. Based on relevant literature and different methods used in targets of Chinese medicine, proteomics can be divided into chemical proteomics, differential proteomics and quantitative proteomics. The applications of the above three methods are illustrated in this paper as well, which will provide new methods and ideas for the study of the mechanism of Chinese medicine in the future.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Proteômica
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(5): 1070-1075, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237448

RESUMO

The application of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) formula granules in clinical practice is gradually extensive. However, TCM formula granules is still lacking rapid and simple quality control standards. In this study, allele-specific PCR and enzyme-linked immunoassay(ELISA) was used for rapid detection of the quality of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos formula granules. The authenticity of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos formula granules was identified by allele-specific PCR and index component was detected by ELISA. Thus, it lays a foundation for the establishment of rapid quality detection standard for Lonicerae Japonicae Flos formula granules, and also provides reference for other studies on the quality standard of traditional Chinese medicine formula granules.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Lonicera/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Controle de Qualidade
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(5): 1082-1089, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237450

RESUMO

Some Chinese herbal medicine needs to be processed before it can be used as medicine, especially toxic Chinese medicine. Highly toxic Aconti Kusnezoffii Radix(Caowu in Chinese) is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine and Mongolian medicine. In traditional Chinese medicine, Caowu is usually processed by boiling with water(CW) until no white part inside and being tasted without tongue-numbing. In Mongolian medicine, it is usually soaked in Chebulae Fructus(Hezi in Chinese) decoction for several days(CH). Both methods could reduce toxicity according to reports. The biggest difference between CW and CH is that CW needs to be heated for 4-6 h, while CH needs Hezi as processing adjuvants. To explore the toxicity reduction mechanism of CW and CH, we studied the contents of various compounds in Caowu processed by two methods by UPLC-Orbitrap-MS. The results indicated that CW had 14 new ingredients, such as 14-O-anisoylneoline and dehydro-mesaconitine, while N-demethyl-mesaconitine and aconitine disappeared. At the same time, it could significantly decrease the content of diester diterpenoid alkaloids and increase the contents of monoester diterpenoid alkaloids and amine-diterpenoid alkaloids. CH had 9 new ingredients from Hezi, like gallic acid, chebulic acid and shikimic acid. Neither the kinds nor the contents of compositions from Caowu in CH changed little. This suggested that the processing mechanism of CW reduced highly toxic components(diester diterpenoid alkaloids) and increased the content of lowly toxic components(monoester diterpenoid alkaloids and amine-diterpenoid alkaloids). Attenuated principle of CH may be related to the components of Hezi. In this experiment, the conclusion shows that the chemical constituents of CW and CH are essentially different, and the two methods have different toxicity reduction principles.


Assuntos
Aconitum/química , Alcaloides/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Aconitina , Química Farmacêutica/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectrometria de Massas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(5): 1105-1113, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237453

RESUMO

In this paper, angelica broken wall powder(ABWP) was taken as the research object, HPLC fingerprint combined with multi-component determination(ferulic acid, senkyunolide I, coniferyl ferulate, ligustilide and 3-butylidenephthalide), physical fingerprint(D_(90), particle size distribution range, particle size distribution width, bulk density, tap density, inter-particle porosity, Carr index, specific surface area, pore volume, angle of repose, Hausner ratio, loss on drying and hygroscopicity)were used to characterize the quality attribute of ABWP; similarity analysis, cluster analysis, principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis were conducted to construct the quality evaluation method of holographic analysis based on traditional Chinese medicine QbD "4 H mode", in order to evaluate the quality of ABWP from different sources and find out differentiated indicators. The quality evaluation method could be used for scientific, comprehensive evaluation of the quality attribute of ABWP, and the quality consistency evaluation of cell-wall-broken powder of different sources or different processes.It provides new ideas for quality control and research of ultrafine granular powders of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Angelica/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Pós , Controle de Qualidade
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(5): 1120-1127, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237455

RESUMO

To study the non-flavonoids chemical constituents in water extract of Spatholobi Caulis. Some purification and analysis techniques like silica gel, D101-macroporous adsorptive resins, and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies as well as reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography were used to isolate and analyze the phenolic acid esters and other type compounds from Spatholobi Caulis integrally. The structures of these compounds were identified by spectroscopic techniques such as nuclear magnetic resonance and high resolution mass spectrometries. Twenty-seven compounds, including phenolic acid, coumarin, lignan, terpene, alkaloid, and steroid compounds, were isolated from ethyl acetate and n-butanol fractions in water extract of Spatholobi Caulis, and they were identified as ß-sitosterol(1), feruli acid methyl ester(2), syringaresinol(3),(+)-medioresinol(4),(+)-epipinoresinol(5), p-acetylphenol(6), bolusanthin Ⅳ(7), evofolin B(8), salicylic acid(9), trans-p-hydroxy-cinnamic acid(10), abscisic acid(11), m-hydroxyphenol(12), C-veratroylglycol(13), p-hydroquinone(14), 8,9-dihydroxymegastigma-4,6-dien-3-one(15), p-hydroxybenzoic acid(16), 6,9-dihydroxymegastigma-4,7-dien-3-one(17), protocatechuic acid(18), protocatechuic acid methyl ester(19), 5,7-dihydroxycoumarin(20), isolariciresinol(21), nicotinic acid(22), daucosterol(23),(+)-pinoresinol(24), stigmasterol(25), allantoin(26) and koaburaside(27), respectively. Furthermore, compounds 2-15, 19-22, 24 and 26 were isolated from genus Spatholobus for the first time.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Fabaceae/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Ésteres/análise , Hidroxibenzoatos/análise , Espectrometria de Massas
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(5): 1194-1201, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237465

RESUMO

Liuwei Dihuang Pills is a typical traditional Chinese medicine with "the same product made by many manufacturers". The quality and price of products made in various factories was different obviously. In this study, the quality differences of Liuwei Dihuang Pills were evaluated over multi-dimensions and throughout the whole production cycle involving raw materials, production process, quality control and post-marketing re-studies based on the "Chinese patent medicine evaluation standard with quality at the core" established earlier by our research group. The research results showed that the product quality of various manufacturers was significantly different, and the product quality was positively correlated with the market shares of enterprises, indicating that enterprises with more market shares paid more attention to product quality; and the sales determined the concern degree of enterprises on products, which was in line with general cognition. During the single-item evaluation of Liuwei Dihuang Pills, the score of raw material selection was relatively low, and the enterprises paid less attention to the initial raw materials. The whole production process was better, and the national compulsory implementation of "Production Quality Management Standard"(GMP) had a positive effect in improving product quality. Quality control could basically guarantee product quality. Intelligent manufacturing promoted by the government was beneficial to ensure product uniformity. The score rate of "quality evaluation" item was basically qualified, which indicated that the quality control level of Liuwei Dihuang Pills was acceptable as a whole, but there was still room for improvement. "Re-evaluation and Brand Construction" had the lowest scores, reflecting that enterprises did not pay enough attention to in-depth study and re-evaluation of "the same product made by many manufacturers". The evaluation results were in line with expectations, provided a reference example for the evaluation of high-quality Chinese patent medicine, a basis for the high-quality and good price of Chinese patent medicine, scientific data for improving medical insurance bidding, and thus facilitated promoting the healthy development of the traditional Chinese medicine industry.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Controle de Qualidade , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Medicamentos sem Prescrição
15.
Food Chem ; 322: 126766, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32305873

RESUMO

A simple, rapid, and effective method based on salting-out extraction and LC-MS/MS techniques was developed for the determination of 39 plant growth regulator (PGR) residues in two of the most common root and rhizome Chinese herbs, Codonopsis Radix (Dangshen) and Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma (Sanqi). The extraction process was performed with acetonitrile-water (5:1) and citrate buffer extraction salt. The performance of the method was validated in accordance with the analytical quality control criteria of SANTE/11813/2017 guidelines. Analyte recoveries of 79.49-109.41% (Dangshen) and 80.17-102.81% (Sanqi) were achieved. The limit of quantifications (LOQs) were determined with the consideration of accuracy and precision. LOQs were lower than the lowest residue limits in EU pesticide regulation (10 µg/kg) for most PGRs. Moreover, the method was successfully applied in the analysis of 35 batches of Dangshen, and 60 batches of Sanqi products. The concentration of eleven PGRs were determined in analyzed samples.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Codonopsis/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Rizoma/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
16.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(1): 260-269, 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268018

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analysis the medication characteristics of the prescriptions issued via open channel by the National and Provincial Health Committee and the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine in treating coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: We collected the data of traditional Chinese medicine related to treatment plans published by the National and Provincial Health Committee and the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine from the start of COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan to February 19, 2020. The frequency analysis, cluster analysis and correlation analysis were performed. RESULTS: The study collected 4 national and 34 regional prevention and treatment plans, 578 items, 84 traditional Chinese formulations, 60 Chinese patent medicines, and 230 Chinese herbs. The high frequently used herbs were Liquorice, Scutellariabaicalensis, Semen armeniacaeamarae, and Gypsum. The commonly used traditional formulations included Maxing Shigan Decoction, Yin Qiao Powder, and Xuanbai Chengqi Decoction. The Chinese patent drugs included Angong Niuhuang Pill, Xuebijing Injection, and Lianhua Qingwen Capsule. The most common paired medications were Ephedra and Semen armeniacaeamarae, Fructusforsythiae and Liquorice. Two core combinations and one novel formula were discovered in the study. CONCLUSIONS: Yin Qiao Powder and Huopo Xialing Decoction are the basic formulations for Weifen syndrome of COVID-19. In addition, Maxing Shigan Decoction, Liang Ge Powder, Qingwen Baidu Decoction and Da Yuan Decoction are the basic formulations for Qifen syndrome of COVID-19. The main medication characteristics are clearing heat, entilating lung, removing toxicity and removing turbidity. It shows that removing toxicity and eliminating evil are the prescription thought in treating epidemic disease of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Mineração de Dados , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Betacoronavirus , Análise por Conglomerados , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(1): 92-97, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237416

RESUMO

Pyrrolizidine alkaloids(PAs) are a kind of natural toxins, which can cause severe hepatotoxicity, pulmonary toxicity, genotoxicity, neurotoxicity, embryotoxicity and even death. Therefore, international organizations and countries such as World Health Organization have paid great attention to herbal medicines and preparations containing PAs. PAs are widely distributed in Chinese herb medicines and contained in hundreds of traditional Chinese medicine preparations. The content of adonifoline, the main PAs in Senecionis Scandentis Herba, shall be less than 0.004% in herbal medicines as described in Chinese pharmacopeia. However, there is no guidance in preparations which contain Senecionis Scandentis Herba. In this study, 14 preparations were analyzed by an UPLC-MS method. Among them, 8 preparations were found to contain adonifoline much higher than the content limits of such countries as Germany, Netherlands and New Zealand. And the highest contents of adonifoline were found in Qianbai Biyan Tablets and Qianbai Biyan Capsules, which are officially recorded in Chinese Pharmacopeia. The contents of adonifoline varied in different batches of the same preparations. The highest content was 156.10 µg·g~(-1) Qianbai Biyan Tablets, whose daily intake of adonifoline was up to 1 030.26 µg according to the recommended dosage of the preparation. Our results showed the potential risk of these preparations, and the content limit of adonifoline shall be inspected Chinese medicine preparations containing Senecionis Scandentis Herba.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Lactonas/análise , Alcaloides de Pirrolizidina/análise , Senécio/química , Cromatografia Líquida , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(1): 106-112, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237418

RESUMO

To explore the permeation mechanism of micro-molecule medicinal ingredients of water extract of tradition Chinese medicine(TCM) in membrane separation process. With phenolic acid components as the model solute, five phenolic acids with similar molecular weight and structure, namely gallic acid, protocatechuate acid, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, 3-hydroxybenzoic acid and salicylic acid, were selected in the PES membrane separation experiments. With the relative flux and the transmission rate as indexes, the scanning electron microscopy(SEM) and the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy(EIS) were used to analyze the permeation mechanism of different phenolic acid components. The results showed phenolic acids with similar molecular weight had different permeation behaviors, with decreased relative flux and increased solute permeation with the increase of solute concentration. According to the permeation behavior analyzed by the molecular structure of solute, the transmission rate of phenolic acids increased with the increase of the number of hydroxyl, and the order of substituent positions of phenolic acids based on the permeation rate as follows: para-substituted > meta-substitution > ortho-substitution. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy reflected the role of charge repulsion in the membrane process; that is to say, the greater the resistance is, the less the solute permeation is. Therefore, the permeation phenomenon of the phenolic acid components in the PES membrane is not only the result of simple sieving mechanisms, but also has the effects of steric hindrance and charge repulsion during the membrane process.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Hidroxibenzoatos/isolamento & purificação , Membranas Artificiais , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Estrutura Molecular , Peso Molecular
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(1): 119-123, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237420

RESUMO

Astragali Radix is commonly used as bulk medicinal materials. Chinese Pharmacopoeia contains about 150 compound preparations of Astragali Radix, but the sample preparation method under the determination of Astragali Radix content in Chinese Pharmacopoeia is tedious and time-consuming, not convenient for the test of a large number of samples. Therefore, it is of great significance to simplify the sample preparation method and improve the practicability of the method for the quality control of Astragali Radix and its preparations. In this study, ultrasonic extraction method was used instead of heated reflux extraction, and solid phase extraction method was used to enrich and prepare the samples. A set of practical quality evaluation method was established for Astragali Radix slices and standard decoction, greatly shortening the sample preparation time and improving the accuracy of the method. The results of Astragali Radix standard decoction analysis showed that the transfer rate of calycosin 7-O-ß-D-glucospyranoside,(96.5±28.7)%, had great variation, which was found to be related to the conversion of mulberry isoflavone glucoside into calycosin 7-O-ß-D-glucospyranoside during the preparation of standard decoction. The transfer rates were(59.4±14.4)% and(101.3±12.3)% for calycosin and astragaloside Ⅳ respectively, which were relatively stable. Therefore, it is suggested that Astragali Radix slices and water decoction preparations should be evaluated by using calycosin and astragaloside Ⅳ as the quality evaluation index. The results provide a scientific and practical method for quality control of Astragali Radix slices and its standard decoction, and also provide scientific evidence for quality evaluation of the preparations.


Assuntos
Astrágalo (Planta)/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Glucosídeos/análise , Raízes de Plantas/química , Controle de Qualidade , Extração em Fase Sólida
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(1): 133-141, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237422

RESUMO

A simple, specific and selective quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) method for simultaneous determination of anthraquinones and anthraquinone glycosides in Polygonum multiflorum was developed. Four main anthraquinones and its glycosides, emodin, emodin-8-O-ß-D-glucoside, physcion and physcion-8-O-ß-D-glucoside were selected as analytes to evaluate the quality of P. multiflorum. Emodin was used as the internal standard, and the relative correction factors(RCFs) between emodin and the other three anthraquinones were calculated. Comparison of the contents of the four components in 30 batches of P. multiflorum from different regions and 12 batches decoction pieces from different manufacturers by QAMS and external standard method(ESM) showed that there was no significant difference between QAMS and ESM for quantification of the four main components by using relative error results, and the QAMS method was accurate and reliable, and had a good repeatability. In addition, compared with the results calculated by the difference method between total anthraquinone and free anthraquinone in the content determination of P. multiflorum in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, the results of direct determination combined anthraquinone by QAMS were very close to that by measured the external standard method. Therefore, simultaneous quantification of four main anthraquinones by using QAMS is suitable to evaluate the quality of P. multiflorum. Then the optimized assay method of the combined anthraquinone contents showed simple and feasible, which could be replaced and improved the quantification method of the combined anthraquinone in the current Chinese Pharmacopeia.


Assuntos
Antraquinonas/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Fallopia multiflora/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Glucosídeos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise
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