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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(35): e30096, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107605

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the effectiveness and safety of Sishen pills for the treatment of diarrheal diabetic enteropathy (DDE). The Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Systems Pharmacology and BATMAN-TCM databases were used to determine the chemical composition of Sishen pills and thus predict information on protein targets. We searched for potential targets of DDE in the GeneCards, DrugBank, Therapeutic Target (TTD), and DisGeNET databases. Using the intersection of the drug and disease targets, protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks and molecular interaction modules were constructed, and key targets were screened. The intersecting gene targets were imported into the Metascape database to conduct Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses. The core targets and active ingredients were then docked at the molecular level. Sishen pills contain 70 active ingredients, 463 targets, and 566 disease targets. A module analysis of the targets revealed that the module was mainly related to adrenergic receptor activity, the adenosine phosphate kinase signaling pathway, and the G protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway. The GO and KEGG pathway enrichment results indicated that the protein genes regulated by Sishen pills were mainly enriched in the response to lipopolysaccharides, the AMPK signaling pathway, the JAK-STAT signaling pathway, and other signaling pathways. The molecular docking results showed that the core active compounds exhibited good binding activity with the predicted targets. Sishen pills can regulate the immune function of the body through anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects for the treatment of DDE.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Nucleotídeos de Adenina , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Diarreia/tratamento farmacológico , Diclorodifenil Dicloroetileno , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Receptores Adrenérgicos , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G
2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 8043674, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119920

RESUMO

Based on the deep fusion of intelligent meridian sensing technology and Huoluo Xiaoling Pill (HXP) in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA), firstly, the effective components and targets of Salvia miltiorrhiza, Angelica sinensis, frankincense, and myrrh were obtained by using TCMSP, SwissADME, and Swisstarget databases. Similarly, relevant targets of KOA were collected through GeneCards, OMIM, TTD, PharmGKB, and DrugBank databases. Next, the potential targets of ZXP in the treatment of KOA were obtained by intersection of drug and disease targets. Finally, Cytoscape 3.7.1 software was used to construct a "disease-drug-component-target" network, and Gene Ontology (GO) function and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Gnomes (KEGG) signaling pathway enrichment analysis were performed on the core targets through Metascape website. A total of 99 active components and 203 corresponding potential therapeutic targets were obtained from the components of HXP. And KOA has 2543 potential therapeutic targets, of which 120 cross targets correspond to 120 active compounds in HXP. Then, topology analysis displayed that the six targets form the core PPI network. In addition, GO and KEGG enrichment analyses showed that these core targets were mainly enriched in inflammatory response, apoptosis, oxidation reaction, and other related pathways.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Franquincenso , Meridianos , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Tecnologia
3.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 220: 115007, 2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067594

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) plays a synergistic and comprehensive pharmacodynamic role of multi-channel and multi-target through its multi-components, showing unique therapeutic advantages in chronic and multi-gene complex diseases. Herb pair is a unique combination of two relatively fixed herbs, which embodies the integrity of TCM theory. In this study, untargeted fecal metabolomics based on MS was used to investigate the action mechanism of Radix ginseng and Schisandra chinensis (GS) herb pair on the complex disease of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and further analyze the therapeutic effects of small molecular components and saccharides of GS on AD. Quantitative analysis of bile acids (BAs) and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) further verified the conclusion of untargeted metabolomics. The results of the pharmacodynamics evaluation showed that the AD model was successfully constructed, and each TCM group had a different degree of improvement compared with the AD group. PCA analysis based on untargeted fecal metabolomics showed that the metabolic disorders in AD rats changed significantly over time, and there were different degrees of callback in each TCM group. The result indicated that the GS herb pair can regulate metabolic disorders of AD. Further analysis of therapeutic biomarkers showed that GS mainly regulated the metabolism of bile acid biosynthesis, sphingolipid metabolism, porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism, etc. to treat AD. This study will help to further understand the pathogenesis of AD from metabolomics, and provide beneficial support for the further study of GS and the clinical treatment of complex diseases with TCM.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Panax , Porfirinas , Schisandra , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Animais , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Clorofila , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Metabolômica , Panax/metabolismo , Ratos , Schisandra/metabolismo , Esfingolipídeos/uso terapêutico
4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 299: 115686, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067839

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Licorice, called Gan-Cao in China, is one of the most popular traditional herbal medicines. It is derived from the dried roots and rhizomes of Glycyrrhiza uralensis, G. glabra, and G. inflata. Licorice is recorded in the pharmacopoeias of China, Japan, US, and Europe. AIM: This review updates research progress of licorice from the perspectives of chemical analysis, quality evaluation, drug metabolism, and pharmacokinetic studies from 2009 to April 2022. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Both English and Chinese literatures were collected from databases including PubMed, Elsevier, Web of Science, and CNKI (Chinese). Licorice, extraction, structural characterization/identification, quality control, metabolism, and pharmacokinetics were used as keywords. RESULTS: Newly developed analytical methods, including LC/UV, 2DLC, LC/MS, GC/MS, and mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) for chemical analysis of licorice were summarized. CONCLUSION: This review provides a comprehensive summary on chemical analysis of licorice.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Glycyrrhiza , Triterpenos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Glycyrrhiza/química , Glycyrrhiza uralensis/química , Rizoma/química , Triterpenos/análise
5.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 153: 113489, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076507

RESUMO

Certain herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine may produce a growth-enhancing effect by promoting the secretion of growth hormone (GH) by the pituitary gland or mimicking the function of GH. In this study, we aimed to identify herbs that could serve as GH alternatives. A reporter gene assay for GH was developed, and 100 different herbal extracts were assayed. We found that Rhizoma Anemarrhenae (RA) water extracts exhibited transactivation activities that stimulate the activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5). The growth-promoting effect of RA in NB2-11 cells was inhibited by co-treatment with GH receptor (GHR)-Fc fusion protein. Unlike GH, RA extracts did not enhance the growth of B16F10 melanoma cells. The activation of the Janus kinase 2-STAT5 signaling pathway was confirmed in both NB2-11 cells and WI-38 human normal lung fibroblasts; the activation was inhibited by co-treatment with GHR-Fc fusion protein. Docking analysis of the active ingredients of RA, including mangiferin, neomangiferin, isomangiferin, anemarsaponin E, 7-O-methylmangiferin, officinalisinin I, timosaponin BII, timosaponin AI, and timosaponin AIII, using SWISSDOCK indicated a direct interaction of these compounds with GHR. The growth-promoting effects and activation of STAT5 were also confirmed. Moreover, we found that RA extract significantly increased the height of the tibial growth plate and stimulated the production of insulin-like growth factor 1 in the serum, liver, and muscle tissues. Our findings provide evidence that herbal extracts, particularly, RA extracts, can promote growth by mimicking GH bioactivity.


Assuntos
Anemarrhena , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hormônio do Crescimento , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Hormônio do Crescimento/farmacologia , Humanos , Receptores da Somatotropina/genética , Receptores da Somatotropina/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/metabolismo
6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 7029182, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36060143

RESUMO

This study is aimed at exploring whether Xiaotan Sanjie decoction (XTSJ) inhibits gastric cancer (GC) proliferation and metastasis by regulating lncRNA-ATB expression. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to analyze lncRNA-ATB and downstream-regulated genes/proteins in human GC cells. CCK8, Edu, and flow cytometry assays were used to detect the inhibitory effect of XTSJ on cell proliferation and apoptosis. Moreover, transwell and wound healing assays were used to detect the inhibitory effect of XTSJ on migration and invasion. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect regulated genes and proteins levels. The HGC-27 cell line was used for follow-up analysis due to the high level of lncRNA-ATB and cell characteristics. XTSJ inhibited the proliferation and metastasis of HGC-27 in a dose-dependent manner. Further research found that XTSJ downregulated lncRNA-ATB, Vimentin, and N-cadherin, while it upregulated miR-200a and E-cadherin in a dose-dependent manner. XTSJ also upregulated Caspase 3, Caspase 9, Bax, and downregulated Bcl-2. Furthermore, XTSJ inhibited tumor growth in vivo and downregulated EMT signaling pathways. These results indicate that XTSJ may affect EMT and Bcl-2 signaling pathways by regulating lncRNA-ATB and miR-200a, thus inhibiting proliferation, migration, and invasion of HGC-27 cells. Therefore, XTSJ may be an effective treatment for the high levels of lncRNA-ATB in GC.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias Gástricas , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Processos Neoplásicos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo
7.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 154: 113626, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058153

RESUMO

Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium (CRP) has been utilized as a versatile medicinal herb with wide cardiovascular benefits in Asian nations for centuries. Accumulating evidence suggests that CRP and its components are effective in preventing cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) such as atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, myocardial ischemia, arrhythmia, cardiac hypertrophy, heart failure, and hypertension. Studies show that the two most bioactive components of CRP are flavonoids and volatile oils. The cardiovascular protective effects of CRP have attracted considerable research interest due to its hypolipidemic, antiplatelet activity, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Hereby, we provide a rigorous and up-to-date overview of the cardiovascular protective properties and the potential molecular targets of CRP, and finally highlight the pharmacokinetics and the therapeutic potential of the main pharmacologically active components of CRP to treat CVDs.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Citrus , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Plantas Medicinais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Humanos
8.
J Healthc Eng ; 2022: 2457706, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36061816

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to determine the active ingredients of Huanglian Jiedu decoction (HLJDD) and the targets for treating dyslipidemia through network pharmacology to facilitate further application of HJJDD in the treatment of dyslipidemia. Methods: Potential drug targets for dyslipidemia were identified with a protein-protein interaction network. Gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway analysis were performed to elucidate the biological function and major pathways involved in the HLJDD-mediated treatment of dyslipidemia. Results: This approach revealed 22 components, 234 targets of HLJDD, and 221 targets of dyslipidemia. There were 14 components and 31 common targets between HLJDD and dyslipidemia treatment. GO enrichment analysis showed that these targets were mainly associated with the response to DNA-binding transcription factor activity, lipid localization and storage, reactive oxygen species metabolic process, and inflammatory response. The results of KEGG analysis indicated that the AGE-RAGE, NF-κB, HIF-1, IL-17, TNF, FoxO, and PPAR signalling pathways were enriched in the antidyslipidemic action of HLJDD. Conclusion: This study expounded the pharmacological actions and molecular mechanisms of HLJDD in treating dyslipidemia from a holistic perspective, which may provide a scientific basis for the clinical application of HLJDD.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Dislipidemias , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Dislipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Farmacologia em Rede , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas
9.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 3353464, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046450

RESUMO

Primary hypertension is understood as a disease with diverse etiology, a complicated pathological mechanism, and progressive changes. Gedan Jiangya Decoction (GJD), with the patent publication number CN114246896A, was designed to treat primary hypertension. It contains six botanical drugs; however, the underlying mechanism is uncertain. We utilized network pharmacology to predict the active components, targets, and signaling pathways of GJD in the treatment of primary hypertension. We also investigated the potential molecular mechanism using molecular docking and animal experiments. The Traditional Chinese Medicine System Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), the Protein Database (UniProt), and a literature review were used to identify the active components and related targets of GJD's pharmacological effects. The GeneCards, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Therapeutic Target Database (TTD), and DrugBank databases were utilized to identify hypertension-related targets. Based on a Venn diagram of designed intersection targets, 214 intersection targets were obtained and 35 key targets for the treatment of hypertension were determined using the STRING data platform and Cytoscape software. The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis of key targets revealed that the relevant molecular action pathways of GJD in the treatment of hypertension include the Toll-like receptor, MAPK, PI3K-Akt, and renin-angiotensin signaling pathways. A GJD active ingredient-key target-pathway connection diagram was created using Cytoscape software, and 11 essential active components were selected. Molecular docking was then used to verify the binding activity of key targets and key active ingredients in GJD to treat primary hypertension. The results of this study indicate that AGTR1, AKT1 with puerarin, EDNRA with tanshinone IIA, MAPK14 with daidzein, MAPK8 with ursolic acid, and CHRM2 with cryptotanshinone had high binding activity to the targets with active components, whereas AGTR1 was selected as target genes verified by our experiment. HPLC was utilized to identify the five active ingredients. Experiments in high-salt rats demonstrated that GJD might decrease the expression of AGTR1 in the kidney and thoracic aorta while increasing the expression of eNOS by preventing the activation of the renin-angiotensin pathway, thereby reducing lowering systolic and diastolic blood pressure.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hipertensão , Angiotensinas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Ratos , Renina
10.
Molecules ; 27(17)2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080395

RESUMO

Vascular retinopathy is a pathological change in the retina caused by ocular or systemic vascular diseases that can lead to blurred vision and the risk of blindness. Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBPs) are extracted from the fruit of traditional Chinese medicine, L. barbarum. They have strong biological activities, including immune regulation, antioxidation, and neuroprotection, and have been shown to improve vision in numerous studies. At present, there is no systematic literature review of LBPs on vascular retinal prevention and treatment. We review the structural characterization and extraction methods of LBPs, focus on the mechanism and pharmacokinetics of LBPs in improving vascular retinopathy, and discuss the future clinical application and lack of work. LBPs are involved in the regulation of VEGF, Rho/ROCK, PI3K/Akt/mTOR, Nrf2/HO-1, AGEs/RAGE signaling pathways, which can alleviate the occurrence and development of vascular retinal diseases in an inflammatory response, oxidative stress, apoptosis, autophagy, and neuroprotection. LBPs are mainly absorbed by the small intestine and stomach and excreted through urine and feces. Their low bioavailability in vivo has led to the development of novel dosage forms, including multicompartment delivery systems and scaffolds. Data from the literature confirm the medicinal potential of LBPs as a new direction for the prevention and complementary treatment of vascular retinopathy.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Lycium , Doenças Retinianas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Lycium/química , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Doenças Retinianas/tratamento farmacológico
11.
Molecules ; 27(17)2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080397

RESUMO

Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium (CRP), also known as "chenpi", is the most common qi-regulating drug in traditional Chinese medicine. It is often used to treat cough and indigestion, but in recent years, it has been found to have multi-faceted anti-cancer effects. This article reviews the pharmacology of CRP and the mechanism of the action of flavonoids, the key components of CRP, against cancers including breast cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, hepatic carcinoma, gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, esophageal cancer, cervical cancer, bladder cancer and other cancers with a high diagnosis rate. Finally, the specific roles of CRP in important phenotypes such as cell proliferation, apoptosis, autophagy and migration-invasion in cancer were analyzed, and the possible prospects and deficiencies of CRP as an anticancer agent were evaluated.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Citrus , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
12.
Molecules ; 27(17)2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080446

RESUMO

Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, traditional Chinese medicine has played an important role in the treatment process. Furthermore, the discovery of artemisinin in Artemisia annua has reduced the incidence of malaria all over the world. Therefore, it is becoming urgent and important to establish a novel method of conducting systematic research on Chinese herbal medicine, improving the medicinal utilization value of traditional Chinese medicine and bringing great benefits to human health all over the world. Fructus Malvae, a kind of Chinese herbal medicine which has been recorded in the "Chinese Pharmacopoeia" (2020 edition), refers to the dry, ripe fruits of Malva verticillata L. Recently, some studies have shown that Fructus Malvae exhibits some special pharmacological activities; for example, it has diuretic, anti-diabetes, antioxidant and anti-tumor properties, and it alleviates hair loss. Furthermore, according to the reports, the active ingredients separated and identified from Fructus Malvae contain some very novel compounds such as nortangeretin-8-O-ß-d-glucuronopyranoside and 1-O-(6-deoxy-6-sulfo)-glucopyranosyl-2-O-linolenoyl-3-O-palmitoyl glyceride, which could be screened as important candidate compounds for diabetes- or tumor-treatment drugs, respectively. Therefore, in this research, we take Fructus Malvae as an example and systematically summarize the chemical constituents and pharmacological activity research progress of it. This review will be helpful in promoting the development and application of Fructus Malvae and will also provide an example for other investigations of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Frutas , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Pandemias
13.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 42(5): 788-794, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36083487

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study therapeutic effect of kaempferol on metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) by network pharmacology and molecular docking combined with cell experiments. METHODS: First, use the SwissTargetPrediction database to predict the targets of kaempferol, and collect the targets of MAFLD through the Disgenet database and the GeneCards database. Then, the common target of kaempferol and MAFLD was enriched and analyzed by the Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes, and the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed through the string database to obtain the key targets, and carry out molecular docking of key targets with kaempferol; In cell experiment, oleic acid induced steatosis in HepG2 cells, which was intervened by kaempferol, the level of triglyceride (TG) was detected, the lipid deposition was observed by oil red O staining, and the protein expression was detected by Western blot. RESULTS: The results showed that there are 33 common targets for kaempferol and MAFLD. The biological process of GO is related to the regulation of protein kinase B, cell apoptosis, inflammatory factors, lipoxygenase, etc. Its action pathway is related to the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase and protein kinase B (PI3K-AKT) signaling pathway, hypoxia-inducible factor 1 signaling pathway, forkhead box protein O signaling pathway, AMP-activated protein kinase signaling pathway, tumor necrosis factor signaling pathway, etc., the key targets are protein kinase B (AKT1), pros-taglandin G/H synthase 2, matrix metalloproteinase-9, epidermal growth factor receptor, and the molecular docking of kaempferol with the four key targets shows good binding properties. Cell experiments show that kaempferol can reduce cell TG levels, reduce lipid deposition, increase the expression of PI3K, AKT, and beclin-1, and reduce the expression of caspase-3 and nuclear factor-kappa B. Kaempferol can treat MAFLD by regulating the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway to regulate cell autophagy, apoptosis, and inflammation. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that kaempferol can regulate lipid metabolism, reduce apoptosis, regulate inflammation and autophagy in the fatty liver cell model. It reveals the therapeutic mechanism of kaempferol on MAFLD and provides a natural product candidate for the treatment of MAFLD.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hepatopatias , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Quempferóis/farmacologia , Quempferóis/uso terapêutico , Lipídeos , Hepatopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(36): e30411, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36086754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to shed light on the active ingredients and potential targets of Cassia Seed about anti-atherosclerosis based on network pharmacology. METHODS: The active ingredients and potential targets of Cassia Seed were obtained from traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform (TCMSP) and SwissTargetPrediction database. Then, atherosclerosis-related targets were screened via GeneCards, online mendelian inheritance in man, therapeutic target database and DrugBank database. The common targets and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was later identified and built. Furthermore, we used the database for annotation, visualization and integrated discovery (DAVID) database server to accomplish the enrichment analysis. The compounds-targets-pathways network was ultimately constructed by Cytoscape. RESULTS: A total of 14 active ingredients and 475 related targets were sifted from Cassia Seed. Among 574 potential atherosclerotic targets, there were 99 targets overlapped with those of Cassia Seed. Topological analysis with Cytoscape revealed that proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src, transcription factor AP-1 (JUN), mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 (MAPK8), mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 (MAPK14) and catenin beta-1 were considered as the hub gene. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis suggested that the Cassia Seed had the potential to influence varieties of biological processes and pathways, including positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation, inflammatory response, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling pathway, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway and arachidonic acid (ARA) metabolism. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our findings support that anti-atherosclerosis effects of Cassia Seed are characterized by multi-component, multi-target and multi-path mechanism of action.


Assuntos
Cassia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno , Farmacologia em Rede , Sementes , Tirosina , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(36): e30417, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36086762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of threatened abortion (TA) is increasing due to poor diet and living habits, which brings great pressure to pregnant women and their families. Huangqin-Baizhu herb pair recorded in ancient books of traditional Chinese medicine has been widely used in the treatment of TA with remarkable effect. In this study, we will use the network pharmacology method to predict the target and mechanism of Huangqin-Baizhu herb pair. METHODS: Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform database was used to screen the active components of Huangqin-Baizhu herb pair. Pubchem and Swiss Target Prediction databases were used to predict the action targets. Genecards, OMIM, and Drugbank databases were used to predict the related targets of TA. The intersection of drug target and disease target was selected and the intersection genes were uploaded to STRING database to construct protein-protein interaction network and conduct module analysis. Metascape database was used for Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis, which was imported into Cytoscape software to construct component-pathway-gene network and finally verified by molecular docking. Ethical approval and informed consent of patients are not required because the data used in this study is publicly available and does not involve individual patient data or privacy. RESULTS: The main active components of the herb pair are baicalein, flavanone, and norwogonin, etc. The main targets are AKT1, VEGFA, STAT3, MAPK1, SRC, etc. Cluster module analysis shows that the targets are related to cell metabolism, immune regulation and hormone level regulation. There were 2073, 3169, and 161 KEGG pathways involved in the biological processes, cell components, and molecular functions of Gene Ontology analysis, respectively. The main KEGG pathways involved in the intervention were HIF1 signaling pathway, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, and Rap1 signaling pathway. Molecular docking showed that the main active components of the herb pair were well combined with the key targets. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, 42 active components, 152 potential targets and 11 key targets of Huangqin-Baizhu herb pair for the treatment of TA were revealed, participating in multiple signaling pathways such as PI3K-Akt, providing a theoretical basis for further experimental research.


Assuntos
Ameaça de Aborto , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ameaça de Aborto/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Gravidez , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Scutellaria baicalensis
16.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 2896049, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062197

RESUMO

Background: Compound fuling granule (CFG) is a traditional Chinese medicine formula that is used for more than twenty years to treat ovarian cancer (OC) in China. However, the underlying processes have yet to be completely understood. This research is aimed at uncovering its molecular mechanism and identifying possible therapeutic targets. Methods: Significant genes were collected from Therapeutic Target Database and Database of Gene-Disease Associations. The components of CFG were analyzed by LC-MS/MS, and the active components of CFG were screened according to their oral bioavailability and drug-likeness index. The validated targets were extracted from PharmMapper and PubChem databases. Venn diagram and STRING website diagrams were used to identify intersection targets, and a protein-protein interaction network was prepared using STRING. The ingredient-target network was established using Cytoscape. Molecular docking was performed to visualize the molecule-protein interactions using PyMOL 2.3. Enrichment and pathway analyses were performed using FunRich software and Reactome pathway, respectively. Experimental validations, including CCK-8 assay, wound-scratch assay, flow cytometry, western blot assay, histopathological examination, and immunohistochemistry, were conducted to verify the effects of CFG on OC cells. Results: A total of 56 bioactive ingredients of CFG and 185 CFG-OC-related targets were screened by network pharmacology analysis. The potential therapeutic targets included moesin, glutathione S-transferase kappa 1, ribonuclease III (DICER1), mucin1 (MUC1), cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2), E1A binding protein p300, and transcription activator BRG1. Reactome analysis showed 51 signaling pathways (P < 0.05), and FunRich revealed 44 signaling pathways that might play an important role in CFG against OC. Molecular docking of CDK2 and five active compounds (baicalin, ignavine, lactiflorin, neokadsuranic acid B, and deoxyaconitine) showed that baicalin had the highest affinity to CDK2. Experimental approaches confirmed that CFG could apparently inhibit OC cell proliferation and migration in vitro; increase apoptosis; decrease the protein expression of MUC1, DICER1, and CDK2; and suppress the progression and distant metastasis of OC in vivo. DICER1, a tumor suppressor, is essential for microRNA synthesis. Our findings suggest that CFG may impair the production of miRNAs in OC cells. Conclusion: Based on network pharmacology, molecular docking, and experimental validation, the potential mechanism underlying the function of CFG in OC was explored, which supplies the theoretical groundwork for additional pharmacological investigation.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Wolfiporia , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/tratamento farmacológico , Cromatografia Líquida , RNA Helicases DEAD-box , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Ribonuclease III , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
17.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 38(3): 273-278, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062799

RESUMO

Objective: By means of network pharmacology, potential targets and molecular pathways of QiZhenYuanDan in the treatment of atherosclerosis (AS) were studied. Methods: TCMSP database was used to obtain the main active components and target information of Astragali Radix, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, Corydalis Rhizoma and Salvia Miltiorrhiza in QiZhenYuanDan. Disease targets were retrieved by OMIM and other databases. Molecular networks were constructed using Cytoscape. STRING database was searched and PPI network diagram was drawn to obtain the key targets of QiZhenYuanDan in the treatment of AS; and the targets were uploaded to Metascape data platform for GO and KEGG analysis. Results: There were 118 targets of intersection between QiZhenYuanDan and AS, which were used as the predicted targets of QiZhenYuanDan on AS. GO analysis showed that the biological functions of QiZhenYuanDan in the treatment of AS targets mainly involved biological processes, such as the cytokine-mediated signaling pathway, cytokine receptor binding. KEGG pathway was mainly enriched in 155 signaling pathways, including PI3K-Akt, HIF-1, NF-κB signal pathway and inflammatory bowel disease pathway. Conclusion: Based on the result of network pharmacology study, the mechanisms of Qizhenyuandan for AS treatment was preliminarily revealed. The active ingredients such as quercetin and kaempferol act on targets such as IL-6 and PI3K-Akt, and exert anti-AS effects by inhibiting apoptosis, oxidative stress, as well as inflammatory responses. Our result indicates that QiZhenYuanDan exhibits anti-AS effect via a multi-component, multi-target and multi-route synergistic process.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Farmacologia em Rede , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt
18.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 4469766, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046447

RESUMO

Background: Diabetic osteoporosis (DOP) is a progressive osteoblast dysfunction induced by high glucose, which has negative impacts on bone homeostasis. Qizhi Kebitong formula (QKF) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula for treating DOP. However, its role in the protection of DOP has not been clarified yet. Here, we aimed to explore the potential mechanisms of QKF on DOP development via in vivo experiment. Methods: Network pharmacology was used to detect the key targets and signaling pathways of QKF on DOP. The effects of QKF on DOP were examined by the phenotypic characteristics, micro-CT, and hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining. The predicted targets and pathways were validated by a streptozocin- (STZ-) induced mouse model. Subsequently, the levels of the selected genes and proteins were analyzed using qRT-PCR and Western blot. Finally, AutoDock and PyMOL were used for molecular docking. Results: In this study, 90 active compounds and 2970 related disease targets have been found through network pharmacology. And QKF could improve the microstructures of femur bone mass, reduce inflammatory cell infiltration, and downregulate the levels of TNF-α, IKBKB, IL-6, and IL-1ß. Moreover, the underlying effect of PI3K/Akt/NF-κB pathways was also recommended in the treatment. Conclusion: Altogether, our findings suggested that QKF could markedly alleviate osteoblast dysfunction by modulating the key targets and PI3K/Akt/NF-κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Osteoporose , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Estreptozocina
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(16): 4261-4268, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046851

RESUMO

Yi Yin, a famous medical scientist and culinary master in the late Xia Dynasty and early Shang Dynasty, developed the Chinese medicinal liquids and Chinese medicinal prescriptions emerged after that. Chinese medicinal prescriptions have attracted much attention because of their unique advantages in the treatment of chronic multifactorial diseases, representing an important direction of drug discovery in the future. Yiyin decoction theory is the superior form of personalized combined medication with advanced consciousness. It is different from not only the magic bullet theory of single component action but also the connotation of modern multi-target drugs. The core of Yiyin decoction theory can be summarized as compound compatibility, multiple effects, and moderate regulation. Compound compatibility refers to that the formulation of Chinese medicinal prescriptions involves the complex synergy and interactions between sovereign, minister, assistant, and guide medicinal materials. Multiple effects mean that the prescriptions employ a variety of mechanisms to exert comprehensive pharmacological effects of nonlinear feedback. Moderate regulation reflects that the prescriptions can accurately regulate the multiple points of the disease biological network as a whole. To solve the mystery of Yiyin decoction theory, we should not only simply study the known active substances(components) and their independent target effects in the mixture, but also mine the "dark matter" and "dark effect" of Chinese medicinal prescriptions. That is, we should learn the neglected atypical pharmacological effects of Chinese medicinal prescriptions and the multi-point nesting mechanism that plays a precise regulatory function in the body. Yiyin decoction theory focuses on the overall pharmacological effect to reflect the comprehensive clinical value of Chinese medicinal prescriptions, which is of great significance for the development of a new model for the evaluation and application of new Chinese medicinal prescriptions in line with the theory of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , China , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Prescrições
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(16): 4269-4276, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046852

RESUMO

High content imaging(HCI) technique that combines automatic high throughput with high-resolution cell imaging, is characterized by abundant data information, high imaging sensitivity, easy visualization and standardization, and is commonly used in the cellular(or subcellular) phenotypic analysis. Abundant phenotypic information can be obtained by using HCI in one experiment, including cellular morphology, cellular structure, and signal transduction pathways of related functions, on the basis of the maintenance of the integrity of cellular structures and functions. Multiple studies have shown that a series of dynamic spatio-temporal interactive change processes were induced by the disturbance of cells by specific factors, making cell phenotypes change accordingly, especially for the slight perturbation response of cells. Generally, the detection of one or several endpoint effect indicators is often difficult to accurately and comprehensively reflect the overall efficacy information of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) because of its unique characteristics of multi-components and multi-targets. The application of HCI is thus helpful to discover the effective components and their action modes in the complex system of TCM. This paper reviewed the application progress in the HCI technique in the screening of active components and their regulation mechanism to provide references for further research.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia
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