Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 916
Filtrar
1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(18): 3994-3999, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872736

RESUMO

In recent years,the development and application of classical famous prescriptions have attracted much attention. However,the differences between ancient and modern conditions lead to difficulties in carrying out practical work. In this paper,with Houpu Wenzhong Decoction as an example,the key technologies of boiling granularity,water addition,boiling time and sample pretreatment methods were investigated on the basis of sufficient literature research. The experimental results showed that there was no significant difference in the concentration of index components between those with different granularity( 2 mm and 3-5 mm) and different decocting time( 30 min and 60 min),but the extraction rate of index components was relatively high when the granularity of powder was 2 mm and decocting time was 30 min. With the increase of water content,the concentration of index components and the extraction rate were increased in varying degrees. A certain proportion of methanol aqueous solution was used as the resolvent before content determination of the reference sample of Houpu Wenzhong Decoction,which could take into account both the spectral information of water-soluble components and fat-soluble components in the prescription,and help to display the overall information of the prescription' s chemical components more comprehensively. At the same time,the boiling and dispersing classical prescriptions in the Catalogue of Ancient Classical Prescriptions( the first batch) were collected and summarized in this study; the key influencing factors of decocting process were analyzed from different angles,and preliminary research suggestions were put forward,so as to provide a certain direction and reference for the establishment of quality standard of Houpu Wenzhong Decoction,as well as for the development,research and clinical application of boiling and dispersing classical prescriptions.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Pós , Prescrições
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(18): 4026-4033, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872741

RESUMO

An analysis method was established by UPLC fingerprint and then applied to simultaneous determination of multiple compounds in Gardeniae Fructus from different areas in China. Samples were separated on a Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18( 2. 1 mm×50 mm,1. 7 µm) column with 0. 1% formic acid-water and acetonitrile solution as gradient mobile phase at a flow rate of 0. 4 m L·min-1 at various wavelengths. The similarity of samples was over 0. 95 with ″Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine( 2012 edition) ″. The UPLC common fingerprints for 32 batches were established with 19 common peaks identified. The samples were divided into 3 groups analyzed by HCA and PCA. Five components were identified as the main compositions which caused the differences of chemical constituents in the samples from different areas with partial least squares discriminant analysis( PLS-DA). The content of the total components in each area was Zhejiang > Fujian > Jiangxi > Sichuan. This method was accurate and viable,could be used to evaluate the quality of Gardeniae Fructus.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Frutas/química , Gardenia/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(18): 4034-4042, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872742

RESUMO

This study aims to compare the internal chemical composition and appearance indifferent growth patterns and years of Saposhnikovia divaricata decoction pieces,which was applied to explore the effect of growth patterns and years on its quality. The appearance characteristic data of 55 batches of different growth patterns and years of S. divaricata were collected using PANTONE color card.High performance liquid chromatography( HPLC) was used to determine the contents of prim-O-glucosyl-cinmifugin,cimifugin,4-O-ß-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol and sec-O-glucosylhamaudol. The content of alcohol soluble extract and water-soluble extract were determined by hot-dip method. The content of volatile oil was determined by steam distillation. The correlation between growth patterns and years and the contents of 4 chromones,extracts and volatile oil were analyzed by modern statistical methods. Also,the method of comprehensively evaluating the quality of Chinese herbal pieces was developed by combining the growth patterns and years,appearance and chemical indexes. MTT assay was used to evaluate the effects on the survival rate of RAW264. 7 cells at four different concentrations of chromones and LPS was used to stimulate well-growing RAW264. 7 cells to establish an inflammatory model. The contents of NO and TNF-α in cell supernatant were detected by NO test kit and ELISA method. The contents of alcohol soluble extracts and water-soluble extracts in different growth patterns and years are: wild productsperennial cultivation>annual cultivation; the contents of four chromones are: wild products>perennial cultivation and annual cultivation. There was no significant difference between the sum of the two indexes in the Pharmacopoeia of perennial cultivation and wild products. 4 chromones showed no toxicity to RAW264. 7 cells at 5 mg·L-1. The release of NO and TNF-α was inhibited by 4 chromones and the anti-inflammatory effect of cimifugin was the best. In summary,there are obvious differences in appearance characteristics,internal quality and effects between different growth patterns and years. It showed that the wild products were superior to the perennial cultivation and the perennial cultivation was superior to the annual cultivation. In order to alleviate the shortage of wild S. divaricata resources,it is suggested that the Chinese Pharmacopoeia standard should increase the character of decoction pieces of perennial cultivation,and properly raise the limit requirement of the sum of the two indexes in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia to ensure the clinical demands and effect.


Assuntos
Apiaceae/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Óleos Voláteis/análise , Animais , Apiaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 2996-3001, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602845

RESUMO

Through the records of herbal and market investigations,the samples collected from different market and origin were analyzed,and the appearance character indexes were determined in order to revise the commodity specification and grade standard of Dipsaci Radix combined with production practice. This is also to analyze association of the appearance with quality different of intrinsic components. The investigation results indicated the root's long and thick was better,and atrovirens of fracture surface,there are most of the market is dominated by the ungraded goods. Through principal component analysis,variance analysis and cluster analysis,combining with the feasibility of actual operation and herbal record,the length,middle diameter and phloem color were filtrated and the specification was divided into 2 ranks: the selection and ungraded goods,and the grade was divided into 2 ranks for the selection goods: big,small selected goods. Moreover,there were no significant correlation between the appearance and the intrinsic quality index of Dipsaci Radix,the content of extractum were significantly positive correlation with the moisture,but had extremely negative correlation with the total ash. Multiple comparisons indicated that the content of the moisture,extractum and asperosaponin VI of the selected goods were higher than the ungraded goods,while the total ash content were lower,and they hasn't significant difference. The commodity specification and grade standard of Dipsaci Radix as a basis provide commodity specification and grade standard of communities and standardizing market trade order.


Assuntos
Dipsacaceae/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Raízes de Plantas/química , Análise por Conglomerados , Plantas Medicinais/química , Análise de Componente Principal
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 3002-3009, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602846

RESUMO

A UPLC method has been developed for simultaneous determination of nine furanocoumarins of Angelica dahurics,and was used for quality evaluation of A. dahurica from different habitats. ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 chromatographic column was employed,the separation was performed with the mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water,and the detection wavelength was set at254 nm. This method was used to simultaneously determine the content of xanthotoxol,oxypeucedaninhydrate,byak-angelicin,psoralen,xanthotoxin,bergapten,oxypeucedanin,imperatorin and isoimperatorin in A. dahurica from different habitats. Then,the further quality assessment of the drug was carried out by similarity evaluation,cluster analysis( CA),principal component analysis( PCA),and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis( OPLS-DA). The content order of measured furanocoumarins from high to low was: oxypeucedanin>imperatorin>isoimperatorin>oxypeucedaninhydrate>bergapten>byak-angelicin>xanthotoxin>xanthotoxol>psoralen,with the mean content 2. 844,1. 277,0. 649 2,0. 216 2,0. 129 8,0. 062 68,0. 052 68,0. 019 30,0. 018 19 mg·g-1,respectively. There were difference between the batches of the drug,and the quality was influenced by smouldering sulphur based on the results of chemical pattern recognition and content determination. Finally,six active ingredients were recognized as the quality makers using OPLS-DA method. The validated UPLC fingerprint combined with chemical pattern recognition method can be used in the quality control and evaluation of A. dahurica.


Assuntos
Angelica/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Ecossistema , Furocumarinas/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Controle de Qualidade
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 3078-3086, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602856

RESUMO

The element speciation analysis for heavy metals in herbal medicines is still in the beginning stage. In this study,the total amount of arsenic( As) in 103 batches of 17 commonly used Chinese medicines( including 16 plant medicines and 1 medicinal fungus) was detected by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry( ICP-MS). Furthermore,based on HPLC-ICP-MS,the simultaneous detection methods of six As speciation kinds in traditional Chinese medicines were established. An AS7 anion exchange column was selected and the As forms in 17 traditional Chinese medicines was systematically analyzed. The results showed that the method of pretreatment of medicinal materials by microwave digestion and the detection of total amount of As by ICP-MS was stable and reliable. As for the speciation analysis of As,the high-speed ultrasonic extraction method was adopted,and it showed that the linear relationship of the six As speciation was satisfied with the correlation coefficient R2>0. 999 9. The LOQ of six kinds of As speciation were 0. 20,0. 10,0. 15,0. 10,0. 25,0. 10 µg·L~(-1) for arsenic betaine( As B),arsenious acid [As( Ⅲ) ],dimethyl arsenic( DMA),arsenic choline( As C),monomethyl arsenic( MMA),arsenic acid[As( Ⅴ) ],respectively. The recoveries were between 84. 24% and 121. 5%,and the relative standard deviations were 2. 7% to 11%. Among the 103 batches of medicinal materials,only one batch of sample As exceeded the Chinese Pharmacopoeia limit standard; As( Ⅲ) and As( Ⅴ) had high detection rate in 103 batches of Chinese herbal medicines,within which As( Ⅴ) was the main detected form,and inorganic As accounted for the ratio reached 80. 90%-98. 73%; some samples detected DMA,MMA and As B,As C was not detected in any batch. This study established an analytical method suitable for the speciation of As in Chinese herbal medicines,and provided basic data for As residual residue in Chinese herbal medicines,which can provide important reference for the risk assessment and quality standards.


Assuntos
Arsênico/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Espectrometria de Massas
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 3094-3099, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602858

RESUMO

To evaluate the safety of heavy metals contaminated Astragalus membranaceus,an appropriate protocol was established to study the heavy metals pollution level by health risk assessment. This study provided a detailed procedure to assess the medicinal herbs in quality control and safety evaluation,and expected to create awareness among the public on the safety of consuming of A. membranaceus or any other kinds of medicinal herbs. The heavy metals content of Cu,As,Cd,Pb and Hg in a total of 45 batches of A. membranaceus were carefully analyzed with a developed inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry( ICP-MS). Besides,the heavy metal contamination level was further evaluated through 4 main assessment parameters,including maximum residue limit( MRL) set by International Standard Organization,estimated daily intake( EDI) set by IUPAC,target hazard quotients( THQ) and Total THQ set by USEPA and total THQs in raw herbs of A. membranaceus. In addition,the recommended MRLs of 5 main heavy metals aimed to A. membranaceus were calculated based on the regulated consumption quantity. The result showed that,under the ISO international standard of Chinese medicine-Chinese herbal medicine heavy metals,the unqualified rate was 8. 89% for A. membranaceus,which including 4 batches of A. membranaceus exceeded the MRL of As. Here,the standard THQ value of A. membranaceus was firstly proposed as 0. 02 and 0. 011 25 for adults and children,respectively,which were calculated with the recommended consumption quantity of 30 g and 9 g for adults and children. Furthermore,the values of THQ for As and total THQs in adults and children were exceeded the standard THQ in A. membranaceus,and the recommended MRLs of Pb,Cd,Hg and Cu in above medicinal materials that calculated based on health risk assessment model were higher than the regulated MRLs that set by ISO and Chinese Pharmacopeia. The research showed that the contents of heavy metals in A. membranaceus were not in the safe range and the certain non-carcinogenic risks to human body cannot be neglected. Based on above investigation result,it is easily known that the common evaluation method for raw herbs based on the comparison of MRL of heavy metals was not precise enough,and the international model of health risk assessment should be built for each medicinal herb. Above all,this study provided a more realistic research approach for safety evaluation of any other kinds of heavy metals contaminated medicinal herbs,including the establishment of heavy metals standard limit in a specified medicinal herb under recommended consumption quantity,and it is expected to create awareness among the public on the safety of consuming any other medicinal herbs.


Assuntos
Astragalus propinquus/química , Contaminação de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Metais Pesados/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Humanos , Plantas Medicinais/química , Medição de Risco
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 3116-3122, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602861

RESUMO

The quality marker( Q-maker) of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) has been the core concept of TCM quality evaluation and control in recent years. Based on the knowledge and long-term practice of the researches on TCM quality,we put forward that " Taking the effectiveness as the core,the measurability and peculiarity as necessary conditions,and considering compatibility for TCM formulae,TCM Q-makers are selected and confirmed,and then the transmission and traceability should be investigated as its functional attributes". Selecting the commonly used representative TCM as the research object,based on the score of TCM effectiveness,measurability and peculiarity,a layered three-dimensional integrated technology was adopted for the quantitative evaluation and grading identification of the Q-markers for TCM. And after Q-markers for TCM are selected and confirmed,the transmission variation of the Q-markers is studied in the whole process from the formation of TCM to its function representation. Based on TCM chemical and biological characteristics as well as effectiveness,and integrating multidisciplinary techniques and methods,researches on innovative methods for system identification and confirmation of the TCM Q-makers are developed emphatically to form representative and exemplary extensive application,which will provide significant theoretical and methodological support for effectively improving the quality control level of TCM.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/normas , Biomarcadores , Controle de Qualidade
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3151-3156, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602866

RESUMO

"Qi medicinal herbs" in China refers to a kind of regional national folk herbs related to the treatment of five labors and seven injuries,the last word of which is "Qi". Our study is to sort out and standardize the name and basic confused varieties through the establishment of " Qi medicinal herbs" VFP information database. " Qi medicinal herbs" variety sorting model of " literature research-variety survey-data mining-spatial distribution" was developed by means of literature analysis which the names and varieties of " Qi medicinal herbs" in the literature were summarized and sorted out. The relationship between the distribution of " Qi medicinal herbs" resources and the use of ethnic groups were visualized by Cytoscape 2. 8. 0 software. The information database of " Qi medicinal herbs" involved in 230 kinds of medicinal materials which including 211 species of plants( including varieties) from 66 families. Medicinal materials standard in China have 9 kinds of " Qi medicinal herbs". Among them,there are 31 kinds of " Qi medicinal herbs" with the confusion of " the different names of the same" and " the different substance of the same names". The most used ethnic groups are Tujia,Qiang and Miao. The main efficacy is clearing heat and detoxification,dispelling wind and removing dampness,etc.,and the main treatment is for injury,rheumatic arthralgia and so on. Names and varieties of " Qi medicinal herbs" among Chinese ethnic groups and folk are standardized and sorted out,which is served to promotethe " Qi medicinal herbs" reasonable protection and utilization of resources,and provide effective reference for exploring the information technology and geographical distribution of ethnic medicine and standardizing clinical medication.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Plantas Medicinais/classificação , China , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Qi , Terminologia como Assunto
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3268-3274, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602882

RESUMO

The grade classification of Chinese herbal medicines and their decoction pieces has always been a hot issue in the industry. In the trading history of Chinese herbal medicine,buyers and sellers often determine the price according to quality,so the naturally formed specifications and grades are changing with the change of technology and the increasing demand of the public for medical care.The planting,processing and circulation methods of Chinese medicinal materials have also changed greatly. Under the mode of pursuing yield and short-term benefit,the traditional rating evaluation method has been difficult to be used in the current quality status of prepared slices. Aurantii Fructus Immaturus is a genuine medicinal material of Jiangxi province,which is widely used,but has different quality levels on the market. In this paper,the quality levels were evaluated by the mass constant method. A set of grading method of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus slices was established,laying a foundation for " high quality and high price" Aurantii Fructus Immaturus slices. The grading method of Chinese herbal slices with quality constant was applied to 16 batches of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus slices collected form the market,and the final assessment results were as follows for different piece shapes( hemispherical type and thin type)respectively. The hemispherical Aurantii Fructus Immaturus pieces: quality constant ≥1. 11 for the first grade,< 1. 11 but ≥0. 69 for the second grade,and <0. 69 for the third grade. The thin type Aurantii Fructus Immaturus pieces: quality constant ≥0. 024 for the first grade,<0. 024 but ≥0. 015 for the second grade,and <0. 015 for the third grade. This work indicated that the quality constants grading method can be used to objectively classify the grades of traditional Chinese medicine,providing basis for standardizing market behavior and providing useful reference for grading of hemispherical or thin Aurantii Fructus Immaturus pieces.


Assuntos
Citrus/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Controle de Qualidade
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3275-3280, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602883

RESUMO

The method of classifying the quality grade of traditional Chinese medicine slices with cross section model quality constant was applied to the grade evaluation of Ligusticum chuanxiong pieces,and a reasonable grade standard of L. chuanxiong pieces was established. The purpose is to classify the 15 batches of L. chuanxiong pieces by combining the advantages of traditional grading with modern quality control indicators. By measuring the natural morphological parameters,processing parameters and the intrinsic content of ferulic acid,an important active ingredient,of the 15 batches of L. chuanxiong pieces collected from different manufacturers and different batches of different medicinal materials markets,we can synthesize the results. The mass constants and percentage mass constants are calculated and analyzed based on the above data. The results showed that the quality constants of 15 batches of L. chuanxiong pieces collected ranged from 0.53-3.00; if the percentage mass constants were more than 80%,50%-80% was second-class pieces,and the rest were third-class pieces,the evaluation results were as follows: the quality constants of first-class L. chuanxiong pieces were more than 2.40,the quality constants of second-class L. chuanxiong pieces should be 1.70-2.40,and the quality constants of third-class L. chuanxiong pieces should be less than 1.70. In this paper,the method of dividing the quality constants of the top blade model into different grades is further applied and practiced,which proves that the method is scientific,reasonable and multi-adaptable. At the same time,it enriches the research data of the grade evaluation of L. chuanxiong pieces,provides a useful reference for the promotion of the grade evaluation of L. chuanxiong pieces,and lays an experimental foundation for the next research of the subject group.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Ligusticum/química , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Controle de Qualidade
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3281-3286, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602884

RESUMO

Decoction pieces are important raw materials in the production of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM),and their quality could directly affect the clinical efficacy and medication safety. Research on the production and processing technology of TCM is the basis for the normalization and standardization of Chinese medicine decoction pieces. At present,the production and processing standards for Scutellaria baicalensis pieces are non-regulated,lacking data foundation. In this study,with baicalin,baicalein,wogonoside and wogonin contents as evaluation indicators,single factor experiment was designed to optimize the softening,drying and cutting processes of S. baicalensis,providing a basis for the standardization of their production and processing. The effects of different softening,drying and cutting processes on the contents of the main components in S. baicalensis were comprehensively analyzed by the summation of relative differences. RESULTS:: showed that the contents of the four components and comprehensive indexes were affected by different softening methods and drying temperatures. The content of wogonin in boiling method was higher than that in boiling with cold water,and the content of glycosides in 70 ℃ drying condition was higher than that in other groups. The content of baicalin was significantly affected by different cutting thicknesses,but not by comprehensive index. Eventually,the optimal preparation process for S. baicalensis was determined as follows: boiled in boiling water for 20 min,cut into thin slices( 1-2 mm),and then dried at 70 ℃ in blast drier. This process was close to the actual production,practical and feasible and meanwhile,it was of great significance to improve the quality of S. baicalensis pieces.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Scutellaria baicalensis/química , Dessecação , Flavonoides/análise , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Controle de Qualidade
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3365-3367, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602896

RESUMO

As entering a new era,our country has introduced a series of favorable policies,which may provide the powerful and new momentum for the development of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM). However,more and more attentions have been paid to the safety and effectiveness of TCM. Tripterygium wilfordii Hook.f. is one of Chinese herbs with clinical efficacy and safety risk. In recent years,accumulating groups have carried out a series of exploratory studies on the clinical rational use of T. wilfordii-related preparations. Considering this situation,the goal of this special issue is to bring together a collection of original research and review articles addressing the expanding field of T. wilfordii. The special issue covers the clinical application,pharmacodynamics,toxicology,pharmacodynamics,resource identification and molecular pharmacognosy of T. wilfordii-related preparations. It focuses on the multi-disciplinary collaborative innovation,and may provide a stimulating resource for the fascinating subject of the safe and rational use of TCM,as well as have important practical significance and promotion value for the healthy development of TCM industry.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Tripterygium
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3368-3373, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602897

RESUMO

Tripterygium wilfordii preparations,with various biological activities such as immunosuppressive,anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects,are widely used in the treatment of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis,lupus erythematosus,and nephrotic syndrome. They have definite therapeutic effect,but often cause serious adverse reactions and result in damages to liver,kidney,blood,reproduction,and other systems due to their complex compositions,great toxicity,and narrow margin between the toxic and therapeutic dosages. At present,T. wilfordii preparations produced by different manufacturers exhibit large variations in clinical efficacy and side effects in account of their different chemical compositions and quality fluctuation due to differences in raw materials and production process. However,the existing quality standards are controversial in terms of index components and content limit,which cannot be effectively used for the overall quality control of the preparations. In this paper,the research progress on chemical constituents,quality standard and quality control methods of four T. wilfordii preparations including Tripterygium Tablets,Tripterygium Zongtie Tablets,Tripterygium Shuangceng Tablets and Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets was reviewed,in order to provide ideas and reference for the quality improvement of this type of preparations.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Controle de Qualidade , Tripterygium/química , Comprimidos
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(17): 3633-3636, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602934

RESUMO

As a treasure of traditional Chinese medicine culture,Dao-di herbs are famous for their high quality and good effect.However,traditional characteristics of Dao-di herbs and their producing areas are mostly confined to qualitative description,lacking objective evaluation indicators. Numerical taxonomy,which uses mathematical methods to improve the research of taxonomy from qualitative description to quantitative comprehensive analysis,is objective and accurate,so is widely used in the field of biology and medicine.This paper reviews the concept and main research fields of numerical taxonomy,and summarizes its application status and development prospects in the study of Dao-di herbs and characteristics of production areas,in order to lay the foundation for the objectification and standardization of Dao-di herbs.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/classificação , Plantas Medicinais/classificação , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(17): 3724-3731, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602945

RESUMO

Testing and analysis of chemical markers is currently the prevailing approach for quality assessment of traditional Chinese medicines. However,several important issues remain to be addressed,including the trade-off between accuracy and coverage. In this study,in order to give full play to the advantages of their respective methods and provide technical support for more comprehensively and rapidly evaluate the quality of Danshen Injection products,a fingerprint method was coupled with quantitative analysis of multicomponents by single marker( QAMS),with Danshen Injection as the carrier. Ultra performance liquid chromatography( UPLC) was used to establish the quantitative fingerprint. The UPLC fingerprints contained 13 common peaks,11 of which were identified by using ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry( UPLC-QTOF-MS). Furthermore,with sodium danshensu as the internal reference substance,relative correction factors( RCFs) of protocatechuic aldehyde,caffeic acid,rosmarinic acid,lithospermic acid,and salvianolic acid B were calculated through slope analysis method,and the QAMS method was adopted to determine the contents of these 6 components. The UPLC fingerprint was employed to assess the consistency of 12 batches of Danshen Injection,which showed good batch-to-batch consistency with similarity higher than 0. 99. In the comparison of contents of the six constituents obtained by QAMS and external standard method( ESM),RSD was all less than 4. 3%,indicating the good accuracy of the QAMS method. The QAMS method developed in this study combined with UPLC fingerprint can comprehensively reflect the internal quality of Danshen Injection when only the reference substance sodium danshensu is consumed,with greatly reduced detection cost and time. It provides a technical basis for further improving the quality standard of Danshen Injection.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Salvia miltiorrhiza/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Injeções , Espectrometria de Massas , Controle de Qualidade
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(17): 3732-3737, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602946

RESUMO

Grade evaluation method of quality constant is a kind of grading method for Chinese medicinal materials and decoction pieces,combining the external morphological index and internal content index. This method was used in this paper for grade evaluation of Gardeniae Fructus. By measuring the morphological and content indexes of 14 batches of Gardeniae Fructus,a method for calculating the quality constant of fruits was established,and the grade evaluation criteria were formed. At the same time,the NO inhibition effect of different grades of Gardeniae Fructus samples on RAW264. 7 cells induced by LPS was determined to investigate the relationship between the quality grade and pharmacodynamics of decoction pieces. The results showed that the quality constants of Gardeniae Fructus decoction piece samples ranged from 1. 46 to 4. 42. If the percentage quality constant ≥80% was classified into first-class,50%-80%as second-class and the rest as third-class,the quality constant was ≥3. 54 for first-class,2. 21-3. 54 for second-class and <2. 21 for third-class Gardeniae Fructus decoction pieces. The pharmacodynamic results showed that the pharmacodynamic intensity was positively correlated with the grade,which also proved the rationality of the grade evaluation method of quality constant.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Frutas/química , Gardenia/química , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Camundongos , Controle de Qualidade , Células RAW 264.7
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(17): 3749-3757, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602949

RESUMO

Based on UPLC specific chromatogram and determination of seven main components,this study aimed at evaluating the quality of Cistanche deserticola,C. tubulosa and C. sinensis. Echinacoside,cistanoside A,verbascoside,tubuloside A,isoacteoside,2'-acetylacteoside,tubuloside B were used as reference substances. UPLC analysis was performed on a Waters ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column( 2. 1 mm×100 mm,1. 8 µm). The mobile phase was acetonitrile-0. 08% trifluoroacetic acid solution. The flow rate was0. 3 mL·min-1,and the injection amount was 10 µL. The column temperature was 40 ℃,and the detection wavelength was 330 nm.The UPLC specific chromatograms were processed with ChemPattern software. UPLC specific chromatograms of C. deserticola and C.tubulosa from different samples were of high similarity,but the similarities of their counterfeit C. sinensis were less than 0. 06. Both of cluster and principal component analysis can distinguish certified products and counterfeits. The content ratios of echinacoside/verbascoside and verbascoside/isoacteoside were quite different between C. deserticola and C. tubulosa,which had distinct significance.The UPLC specific chromatogram and contents of seven main components can provide a basis for quality evaluation of Cistanches Herba.


Assuntos
Cistanche/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cistanche/classificação , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Análise de Componente Principal
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17116, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Buyang Huanwu Tang (BHT) is a well-known herbal complex used for stroke treatment and has been used mainly during post-stroke rehabilitation in East Asia. In this review, we aim to evaluate the efficacy and safety of BHT as a treatment for post-stroke fatigue (PSF). METHODS: Eight databases will be searched for relevant studies from inception to the present date. We will include randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which assess the effect and safety of BHT for the treatment of PSF. The methodological qualities, including the risk of bias (RoB), will be evaluated using the Cochrane RoB assessment tool. After screening the studies, a meta-analysis of the RCTs will be done. RESULTS: This study will provide high-quality synthesis of current evidence of BHT for PSF. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of our systematic review will provide evidence to judge whether BHT is an effective intervention for patients with PSF. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval is not required, as this study is based on the review of published research. This review will be published in a peer-reviewed journal and disseminated both electronically and in print. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42019130178.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Fadiga/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Fadiga/etiologia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1729-1733, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342693

RESUMO

To establish a quality constant evaluation system of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces,in order to provide reference for regulating the market circulation of this decoction pieces. A total of 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces were collected from different pharmaceutical factories,and the morphological parameters of each sample were tested. The content of alisol B 23-acetate in Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces was determined by HPLC in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia,and the parameters such as quality constant and relative quality constant were calculated. The quality constant range of 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces was 0. 390-2. 076. If 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces were divided into 3 grades,taking 80% of the maximum quality constant as first grade,50% to 80% as second grade,and the rest as third grade,then the quality constant of firstgrade samples was ≥1. 66,the quality constant of second-grade samples was ≥1. 04 and <1. 66,and the quality constant of third-grade samples was <1. 04. The established quality constant evaluation method is objective and feasible,which can be used to classify the grade of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces and provide a reference method to control the quality of this decoction pieces.


Assuntos
Alisma/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Controle de Qualidade , Rizoma/química
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA