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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17004, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Septic shock is a serious disease with high morbidity, which will lead to organ dysfunction. Shen fu injection (SFI) has been widely used for septic shock as a treatment in China. Many clinical trials have been reported that it could assess the efficacy and safety of SFI to cure septic shock and accelerate resuscitation. Reassessing the efficacy and safety of SFI as a treatment of patients with septic shock is the objective of this updated systematic review. METHODS: The following electronic databases major in English and Chinese will be conducted a systematic search until September 2018: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database, Chinese BioMedical Literature Database, and Wan-fang Database. Randomized controlled trials of SFI will be included. Review Manager 5.2 software will be used for assessment of risk of bias, data synthesis, and subgroup analysis. We will conduct the GRADE system to assess the quality of evidence, if possible. RESULTS: This study will provide a rational synthesis of current evidences for SFI on septic shock. CONCLUSION: We hope our research results will provide an objective and reliable evidence to patients, clinicians and healthcare policymakers who are concerning the treatment options of SFI in septic shock. REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42016049332.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Choque Séptico/terapia , Protocolos Clínicos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Injeções , Fitoterapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17191, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary dysmenorrhea (PD), the most common gynecological diseases, seriously affects women's life and work; however, without more effective treatment. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been widely used for relieving dysmenorrheic pain in patients with PD. To assess the effectiveness and safety of CHM in patients with PD, a systematic review and meta-analysis of current published evidence regarding CHM as treatment for PD would be conducted in this study. METHODS: Literatures related to CHM for PD from the establishment of the database to June 2019 will be retrieved from the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBACE, Wed of Science and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Database. There are no language restrictions for retrieving literature. Eligible randomized clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating the effectiveness and safety of CHM in PD patients will be put in the study including outcomes of pain intensity, clinical effectiveness rate, quality of life, and adverse events. By scanning the titles, abstracts and full texts, 2 reviewers will independently select studies, extract data, and assess the quality of study. Meta-analysis of RCTs will be conducted using Review Manager 5.1 software. The results will be presented as risk ratio for dichotomous data, and standardized or weighted mean difference for continuous data. RESULT: This study will provide high-quality available evidence for the treatment of PD with CHM based on pain, clinical efficacy, quality of life, and adverse events. CONCLUSION: The systematic review willto evaluate the efficacy of CHM in treating PD and provide evidence for clinicians. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019121185.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Dismenorreia/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e16788, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to observe the effect and safety of Heyan Kuntai Capsule (HYKT) on glucose and lipid metabolism in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Hundred patients with PCOS were randomly divided into HYKT group (n = 50) and placebo groups (n = 50) in which the individuals were treated with HYKT and its placebo continuously for 6 months. Meanwhile, all participants received health education (such as exercise and diet). The primary outcomes were serum sex hormone levels, a series of blood lipid, fasting and postprandial 2 hours blood glucose. Body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), insulin, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and insulin-sensitive index (ISI) were also observed. In addition, adverse events were recorded to evaluate the drug safety. RESULTS: After treatment, the BMI and WHR of all the patients were decreased. The fasting and postprandial 2 hours blood glucose levels were significantly declined when treated with HYKT, which were not observed in the placebo group. Similarly, serum sex hormones including luteinizing hormone (LH), LH/follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and testosterone were lowered after treated with HYKT instead of the placebo. Besides, blood lipids outcomes such as total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, as well as insulin and HOMA-IR were decreased with significance in HYKT group when compared with those in the placebo group, whereas high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and ISI increased obviously. CONCLUSION: HYKT showed the effect on ameliorating the glucose and lipid metabolism disorder and improving insulin resistance and increase insulin sensitivity of PCOS patients, which is similar to insulin sensitizing agent.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Lipídeos/sangue , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/sangue , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Método Duplo-Cego , Estradiol/sangue , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/sangue , Humanos , Insulina/sangue , Resistência à Insulina , Hormônio Luteinizante/sangue , Prolactina/sangue , Testosterona/sangue , Relação Cintura-Quadril , Adulto Jovem
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17121, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dry eye disease is a common eye disease mainly manifests with eye fatigue, foreign body sensation, dry and astringent eyes and other symptoms. Growing evidence shows that qiming granule may have beneficial effects on the clinical treatment of dry eye disease. However, no systematic review and meta-analysis collate and assess these clinical evidences. The purpose of this study protocol is to provide a comprehensive and reliable evaluation of the clinical evidence of qiming granule in the treatment of DED. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Three English database and 4 Chinese databases other sources will be searched. Two methodological trained researchers will read the title, abstract and full texts and independently select the qualified literature according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. After assessment of the risk of bias and data extraction, we will conduct meta-analyses for outcomes including central macular thickness, optimum corrected vision, overall effect rates and adverse effects. The heterogeneity of data will be investigated by Cochrane X and I tests. We build 3 hypotheses for subgroup analysis according to the guidance for a credible subgroup effect: Disease status at baseline, duration of intervention, type of concomitant medication. Sensitivity analysis will be conducted to evaluate the stability of the results. Then publication bias assessment will be conducted by funnel plot analysis and Egger test. Finally, we will use the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluate system to evaluate the quality of evidence. RESULTS: The results of our research will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: Our study is the first meta-analysis to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of qiming granule in the treatment of DED. It will provide more options for clinical treatment of the disease. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42018109183.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Síndromes do Olho Seco/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos Clínicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17273, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous study has reported that Fuyuan Xingnao Decoction (FYXND) can be utilized for the treatment of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) combined cerebral infarction (CI) effectively. METHODS: We will search from the following databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, Global Health, Web of Science, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. All databases will be searched from the inception to the present without language limitation. Two independent authors will perform literature selection, information collection, and methodological quality assessment. Statistical analysis will be carried out using RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: This study will provide accurate results on the effectiveness and safety of FYXND on DM and CI through primary and secondary outcomes. The primary outcome is neurological deficit. The secondary outcomes consist of fasting blood glucose, hemoglobin Alc, fasting insulin, quality of life, and adverse effects. CONCLUSIONS: This well-designed study will establish high quality evidence of the effectiveness and safety of FYXND for DM and CI to facilitate the clinical practice and guideline development.


Assuntos
Infarto Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações do Diabetes/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Infarto Cerebral/etiologia , Complicações do Diabetes/sangue , Complicações do Diabetes/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e16950, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577697

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anorexia is a common cause of malnutrition and is associated with negative effects on the quality of life (QOL) for patients with cancer. Management of appetite is the key to improving both the QOL and the prognosis for such patients. Yukgunja-tang (YGJT) is a traditional herbal medicine extensively prescribed in Korea as a remedy for various gastrointestinal syndromes. Currently, no standardized herbal medicine treatment exists for patients with cancer who are suffering from anorexia after surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiotherapy. For that reason, this study aims to examine the efficacy and the safety of using YGJT to treat anorexia in such patients and to establish whether or not YGJT can be recommended as the primary therapy. METHODS: We will enroll 52 cancer patients diagnosed with anorexia. The enrolled participants will be randomly allocated to 2 groups: The control group will receive nutrition counseling, and the YGJT group will receive nutrition counseling and be administered YGJT at a dose of 3 g twice a day for 4 weeks (a total of 56 doses of 3.0 g per dose). The primary outcome of this study is the change in the score on the anorexia/cachexia subscale (A/CS) of the Functional Assessment of Anorexia/Cachexia Therapy (FAACT). The secondary outcomes are the changes in the FAACT score with the A/CS score excluded, the score on the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for appetite, the weight and the body mass index (BMI), and laboratory tests for compounds such as leptin, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), ghrelin, and IL-6. All variables related to the safety assessment, such as vital signs, electrocardiography results, laboratory test results (CBC, chemistry, urine test), and adverse events, will be documented on the case report form (CRF) at every visit. CONCLUSION: This study is the first randomized controlled trial to investigate the efficacy and the safety of using YGJT for treating patients with cancer-related anorexia in Korea. We designed this study based on previous research about YGJT. This study will serve as a pilot and provide data for planning further clinical trials on herbal medicine and cancer-related anorexia. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Research Information Service (CRIS), Republic of Korea, ID: KCT0002847. Registered retrospectively on 3 April 2018.


Assuntos
Anorexia/tratamento farmacológico , Anorexia/etiologia , Caquexia/tratamento farmacológico , Caquexia/etiologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Apetite , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Método Duplo-Cego , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Testes Hematológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Qualidade de Vida , República da Coreia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Adulto Jovem
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17551, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593137

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Refractory edema is characterized by persistent swelling which does not react to diuretic use and sodium restriction. Traditional herbal medicine, Gwack Rhyung Tang and Chunggan extract effectively treated refractory lower limb edema caused by cirrhosis and improved liver function. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 64-year-old male patient with a history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hepatic encephalopathy, and cellulitis presented lower limb edema which did not react to diuretics for more than 7 months. DIAGNOSES: Refractory edema caused by cirrhosis. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was treated for 25 days using Gwack Rhyung Tang and Chunggan extract. OUTCOMES: Loss of body weight, decrease in circumferences of both lower limb and improvement of liver function biochemistry results are checked. There was no recurrence or aggravation of the condition up to 3 weeks of follow-up periods. LESSONS: Traditional herbal medicine can be an effective alternative for refractory edema due to cirrhosis with improving liver function.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Diuréticos/uso terapêutico , Resistência a Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Fibrose/complicações , Medicina Herbária , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17618, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of the Wenyang Huoxue method for patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using 7 databases: PUBMED, EMBASE, the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, Chinese BioMedical, and the VIP Chinese Science and Technique Journals. The publication time was from the start of each database up to November 2018. Review Manager 5.3 software was used for assessing potential bias, data synthesis, and the subgroup analysis. Begg and Egger tests were used to assess funnel plot symmetries using Stata 14.0 software. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system was used to assess the quality of evidence. RESULTS: A total of 22 trials involving 1835 participants were eligible. There were significant differences in a total effective rate between the Wenyang Huoxue method combined with Western medicine and Western medicine alone (RR = 1.33, 95% CI 1.26-1.41; P < .00001). As for the sensory conduction velocity (SCV) of the peroneal nerve, the Wenyang Huoxue method combined with Western medicine compared with Western medicine alone had a significant increase (weighted mean difference [WMD] = 5.00, 95% CI 3.42-6.57; P < .00001). Also, the Wenyang Huoxue method combined with Western medicine had significant increases in motor conduction velocity (MCV) of the peroneal nerve (WMD = 4.48, 95% CI 3.78-5.19; P < .00001), tibial nerve SCV (WMD = 3.47, 95% CI 2.66-4.28; P < .00001), tibial nerve MCV (4.87, 95% CI 3.21-6.53; P < .00001), median nerve SCV (WMD = 3.78, 95% CI 3.07-4.50; P < .00001), and median nerve MCV (WMD = 4.50, 95% CI 3.40-5.59; P < .00001). However, the effect of the Wenyang Huoxue method on fasting blood glucose, 2-h postprandial blood glucose, and glycosylated hemoglobin was not statistically significant. Egger's test results showed that there was no publication bias (P = .0008), but the trim and filling method showed steady results. An influence analysis showed that no single study affected the overall result. The GRADE quality of the evidence was low to moderate across the different outcomes. CONCLUSION: Despite of the apparently positive findings, the quality of GRADE is not high, suggesting that the Wenyang Huoxue method can improve nerve conduction velocity to a certain extent, but more rigorous literature is needed to support this evidence.


Assuntos
Nefropatias Diabéticas/terapia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3384-3390, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602899

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis( RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by chronic and aggressive polyarthritis. The innate immunity mechanism plays a key role in the pathogenesis of RA. Tripterygium wilfordii and its extracts have regulatory effects on innate immune cells including macrophages,dendritic cells,neutrophils,mast cells,NK cells,NKT cells,etc.,as well as a variety of innate immune molecules including cytokines,adhesion molecules,patterns recognition receptor( PRR) and the complement molecules,showing a regulatory effect in the pathogenesis of RA innate immunity. In this paper,the recent domestic and foreign researches on the pathogenesis of RA with innate immunity involved were reviewed and the research status of T. wilfordii and its extracts on the regulation of innate immunity involved in RA was summarized.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Imunidade Inata , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Tripterygium/química , Humanos
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3415-3422, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602903

RESUMO

Growing clinical evidence shows that a partial rheumatoid arthritis( RA) patient treated with Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets( TGT) may fail to achieve clinical improvement. It is of great clinical significance to predict the therapeutic effect of TGT in RA. Therefore,the aim of the current study was to identify potential biomarkers for TGT treatment in RA. Affymetrix EG1.0 arrays were applied to detect gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from 6 RA patients( 3 responders and 3 non-responders) treated with TGT. By integrating differential expression data analysis and biomolecular network analysis,360 mRNAs( 185 up-regulated and 175 down-regulated) and 24 miRNAs( 7 up-regulated and 17 down-regulated) which were differentially expressed between TGT responder and non-responder groups were identified. A total of 206 candidate target genes for the differentially expressed miRNAs were obtained based on miRanada and Target Scan databases,and then the miRNA target gene coexpression network and miRNA-mediated gene signal transduction network were constructed. Following the network analyses,three candidate miRNAs biomarkers( hsa-miR-4720-5 p,hsa-miR-374 b-5 p,hsa-miR-185-3 p) were identified as candidate biomarkers predicting individual response to TGT. Partialleast-squares( PLS) was applied to construct a model for predicting response to TGT based on the expression levels of the candidate gene biomarkers in RA patients. The five-fold cross-validation showed that the prediction accuracy( ACC) of this PLS-based model efficacy was 100.00%,100.00%,100.00%,66.67% and 66.67% respectively,and all the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve( AUC) were 1.00,indicating the highly predictive efficiency of this PLS-based model. In conclusion,the integrating transcription data mining and biomolecular network investigation show that hsa-mir-4720-5 p,hsa-mir-374 b-5 p and hsa-mir-185-3 p may be candidate biomarkers predicting individual response to TGT. In addition,the PLS model based on the expression levels of these candidate biomarkers may be helpful for the clinical screen of RA patients,which potentially benefit individualized therapy of RA in a daily clinical setting.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Glicosídeos/uso terapêutico , MicroRNAs/genética , Tripterygium/química , Biomarcadores , Mineração de Dados , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Comprimidos
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3533-3541, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602919

RESUMO

To systematically review the improvement effects of Tripterygium Glycosides Tables( TGT) alone or in combination with methotrexate( MTX) on the clinical signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis( RA),and provide a basis for the rational use of TGT in clinic,in the current study,six literature databases including CNKI,Wan Fang,VIP,PubMed,EMbase,and Cochrane Library,were systematically searched,according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Review Manager 5.3 software was used to input the literatures,and we assessed the risk bias on the level of outcome indicators for each included literature. A total of 18 literatures were included,and the classification results showed that: compared with MTX,TGT alone can reduce the number of joint swelling( MD =0. 18,95%CI[-1.06,1.42],P = 0.78) and joint tenderness( MD =-0.06,95% CI[-1.69,1.56],P = 0.94) in RA patients with the same effect as MTX. In terms of drug combination,TGT combined with MTX had an advantage over MTX alone in lessening the morning stiffness time( MD = 18. 24,95% CI[12. 64,23. 84],P < 0. 000 01) of RA,joint tenderness( MD = 2. 65,95% CI[1. 85,3. 44],P<0.000 01) and joint swelling( MD = 3.01,95% CI[2.09,3.39],P< 0.000 01). In conclusion,this Meta-analysis suggest that TGT alone was superior to MTX in improving joint swelling and tenderness in RA patients,TGT combined with MTX may improve the clinical manifestation of RA patients better than MTX alone.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Glicosídeos/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Tripterygium/química , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Comprimidos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3542-3550, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602920

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of Tripterysium Glycosides Tablets( TGT) alone or in combination with methotrexate( MTX) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis( RA) based on the laboratory index criteria and to provide a basis for the clinical application of TGT against RA. Six databases including CNKI,Wan Fang,VIP,PubMed,EMbase and Cochrane were retrieved for randomized controlled trials( RCT) about TGT alone or combination with MTX in the treatment of RA.Then risk assessment tools were used for quality evaluation of the studies,and data extraction and analysis were conducted by using Rev Man 5.3 software for Meta-analysis. A total of 1 709 articles were retrieved,and finally 25 studies were included,with a total sample size of 2 507 cases. Meta-analysis results showed that between TGT alone and TGT alone,MDESR=-2. 66,95%CI[-8.17,2.86],P = 0.35; MDCRP=-2.38,95%CI[-9.01,4.24],P = 0.48; between TGT combined with MTX and MTX alone,MDESR= 8.74,95%CI[6.72,10.76],P<0.000 01; MDCRP= 5.37,95%CI[3.71,7.03],P<0.000 01; SMDRF= 1.05,95%CI[0.51,1.60],P = 0.000 1.The effect of TGT on decreasing CRP and ESR in RA patients was similar to the MTX. In addition,TGT combined with MTX were more effective in decreasing CRP,ESR,RF than MTX alone. However,due to the potential bias in the included studies,more and high-quality randomized controlled trials would be needed to improve the level of evidence.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Glicosídeos/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Tripterygium/química , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Comprimidos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3551-3557, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602921

RESUMO

To analyze the efficacy and safety of Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets combined with desloratadine as well as desloratadine alone in the treatment of chronic urticaria by Meta-analysis,in order to provide evidence-based reference for clinical treatment.PubMed,CBM,Wan Fang,VIP database and CNKI database were retrieved to collect randomized controlled trials( RCT) about Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets combined with desloratadine( test group) as well as desloratadine alone( control group) in the treatment of chronic urticaria. Meta-analysis was performed by using Rev Man 5. 3 software after data extraction and quality evaluation( a total of 15 RCTs were included,involving 1 411 patients). Meta-analysis showed that the total effective rate( RR = 1. 28,95%CI[1. 22,1. 35],P<0. 000 01) and the quality of life improvement rate( RR = 1. 49,95% CI[1. 33,1. 66],P< 0. 000 01) of the test group were better than those of the control group,and the recurrence rate( RR = 0. 29,95%CI[0. 21,0. 40],P<0. 000 01) was significantly lower than that of the control group,with statistically significant differences; there was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions( RR = 1. 02,95%CI[0. 68,1. 53],P = 0. 92) compared with the control group. Based on the included RCTs,the efficacy of Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets combined with desloratadine in the treatment of chronic urticaria were superior to those of desloratadine alone,with similarity in safety. However,due to the low quality of RCTs and the lack of large-scale multi-center studies,the results shall not be further verified by clinical trials.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Glicosídeos/uso terapêutico , Loratadina/análogos & derivados , Tripterygium/química , Urticária/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Loratadina/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Comprimidos
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(17): 3806-3815, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602957

RESUMO

The randomized controlled trials about modified Sangbaipi Decoction in the treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease( AECOPD) patients were collected from 7 databases( PubMed,CNKI,et al) from the establishment to December 5,2018. All the studies searched were strictly evaluated. Literatures were independently screened by two researchers according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,and the methodological quality of included studies was evaluated. To systematically review the efficacy of modified Sangbaipi Decoction in treating AECOPD,the Meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis were conducted by using Stata/SE 14. 0 and TSA 0. 9. 5. 10 Beta,respectively. A total of 25 RCTs involving 1 784 patients were included. According to the results of Meta-analysis,compared with the control groups,the trial group had a higher clinical efficacy in AECOPD patients( RR =1. 18,95%CI[1. 13,1. 22],P = 0),improved pulmonary functions including forced expiratory volume in one second( FEV1,WMD =0. 44,95%CI[0. 01,0. 87],P = 0. 046),and the forced vital capacity( FVC,WMD = 0. 42,95%CI[0. 07,0. 22],P = 0),but no statistical significance in the percentage of forced expiratory volume in one second( FEV1%,P = 0. 067) and the first seconds breathing volume percentage of forced vital capacity( FEV1/FVC,P = 0. 238); it improved the arterial oxygen partial pressure( PaO2,SMD =0. 85,95%CI[0. 41,1. 30],P = 0) and decreased the arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide( PaCO2,SMD =-0. 94,95% CI[-1. 70,-0. 18],P= 0. 016); and in terms of inflammatory markers,it improved the white blood cell count( WBC,WMD=-0. 94,95%CI[-1. 17,-0. 70],P = 0). The trial sequential analysis showed that the studies included with the improvement of clinical efficacy had passed the conventional and TSA threshold,so as to further confirm the evidence. According to the findings,in addition to conventional Western medicine treatment,modified Sangbaipi Decoction could improve the efficiency in treating acute exacerbation patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,increase PaO2,and decrease PaCO2,with a high safety but no effect on pulmonary function. However,restricted by the low quality of studies included,this conclusion shall be further verified by more high-quality clinical trials.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Pressão Arterial , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Pulmão , Pressão Parcial , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Capacidade Vital
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(17): 3816-3824, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602958

RESUMO

To systemically evaluate the benefits and side effects of Shensong Yangxin Capsules( SYC) in the adjuvant treatment of stable angina pectoris( SAP). Chinese and English databases( PubMed,EMbase,the Cochrane Library,CBM,CNKI,VIP,Wan Fang database) were retrieved to collect the randomized controlled trials( RCTs) about therapeutic efficacy of SYC combined with routine drug( trial group) vs routine drug( control group) in the treatment of SAP. The methodological quality of the RCTs was evaluated based on the cochrane risk of bias assessment tool. The data were extracted and Meta-analyzed by Reviewer Manager 5. 3. TSA 0. 9 software was used for trial sequential analysis( TSA) of the total effective rate of symptoms improvement. A total of 15 RCTs with 1 316 participants were included. RESULTS:: of Meta-analysis showed that the total effective rate of angina symptoms improvement( RR = 1. 15,95% CI[1. 09,1. 21],P<0. 001) of trial group were significantly higher than those of control group,with statistical significance,the total effective rate of electrocardiograms( ECG) improvement( RR = 1. 10,95% CI[0. 94,1. 29],P = 0. 25) of trial group were significantly higher than those of control group,but the difference was not statistically significant. After treatment,the improvement of the total time of 24 h general ischemia( SMD =-1. 21,95%CI[-1. 97,-0. 45],P = 0. 002),the ST-segment depression amplitude( SMD =-1. 30,95%CI [-1. 52,-1. 09],P<0. 001),the duration of angina pectoris attack( SMD =-1. 16,95% CI[-1. 36,-0. 95],P< 0. 001),the angina pectoris attack every week( SMD =-0. 80,95%CI[-1. 10,-0. 50],P<0. 001),the onsumption of nitroglycerin every week( SMD=-0. 72,95%CI[-1. 05,-0. 39],P<0. 001) in the trial group were better than that of the control group,and the difference was statistically significant. Besides,the improvement of the blood lipid and high sensitivity C reactive protein( hs-CRP) in the trial group were better than those of the control group after treatment,and the difference was statistically significant( P< 0. 001). Funnel plots and Egger's linear regression showed that there was no publication bias. By sensitivity analysis,it showed that the results of this study were stable and reliable. No obvious adverse drug reactions were observed in all studies. TSA analysis showed that the evidence of Meta-analysis was reliable. SYC combined with routine Western medicine treatment for SAP can improve the total effective rate of angina pectoris,reduce 24 h total ischemia time,ST segment depression amplitude,duration of angina pectoris attack,frequency of angina pectoris attack and nitroglycerin dosage,and also can improve blood lipid and hs-CRP levels.


Assuntos
Angina Estável/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Adjuvantes Farmacêuticos , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Cápsulas , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Lipídeos/sangue , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(17): 3825-3829, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602959

RESUMO

Expert consensus statement on Diemailing Kudiezi Injection in clinical practice was approved on April 17,2019 by the Standardadization Office of the Chinese Association of Chinese Medicine. This project,which started in November 2017,has been developed and completed in accordance with the standard developing procedure. This paper will give a detailed introduction to the compilation process about the consensus. The aim is to enable readers to understand the background,purpose and basis of this consensus in a timely manner. Readers can learn about diffferent stages of develping process,including project management system,drafting,consulting,expert consensus,as well as current problems and shortcomings. Such an editorial explanation is just a dynamic follow-up of the whole consensus-making process. It also plays a good supervisory role in the whole consensus-making. It could be a guarantee for the quality of the consensus. There is no doubts that the editorial explanation is an important auxiliary document in the process of consensus-making. It is the extension and supplement of consensus content and a basis for fully understanding the technical content of this consensus. Therefore it is an indispensable document in the process of consensus-making.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/normas , Consenso , Injeções
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 2902-2913, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602832

RESUMO

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Shenxiong Glucose Injection in the treatment of cerebral thrombosis.Randomized controlled trials( RCTs) of Shenxiong Glucose Injection for cerebral thrombosis were screened out by searching CNKI,Wan Fang,VIP,Sino Med,Cochrane Library,PubMed,EMbase,and Web of Science in a systematic way,and the Meta-analysis on finally included studies was conducted by using Handbook 5. 1 evaluation criteria and tools and Rev Man 5. 3 software. GRADE system( GRADE pro 3. 6. 1) was used to grade the evidence quality of key outcome indicators. A total of 25 studies were included,with a total sample size of 2 286 cases,1 144 in the experimental group and 1 142 in the control group. The results of Meta-analysis showed that the total effective rate of Shenxiong Glucose Injection combined with ozagrel in the treatment of cerebral thrombosis was better than that of ozagrel alone( RR = 1. 26,95%CI [1. 20,1. 32],P<0. 000 01); the total effective rate of conventional treatment plus Shenxiong Glucose Injection and ozagrel for cerebral thrombosis was better than that of conventional treatment combined with ozagrel( RR = 1. 26,95%CI [1. 09,1. 46],P = 0. 002). In addition,Shenxiong Glucose Injection combined with ozagrel could reduce the incidence of adverse reactions( RR = 0. 38,95%CI [0. 24,0. 60],P < 0. 000 1),improve the neurological impairment( MD14 d=-7. 19,95% CI[-9. 16,-5. 22],P< 0. 000 1; MD30 d=-5. 34,95% CI [-5. 85,-4. 83],P < 0. 000 1; MD42 d=-7. 03,95% CI [-7. 79,-6. 28],P<0. 000 01; MD60 d=-6. 18,95%CI [-6. 55,-5. 81],P< 0. 000 01; MD90 d=-4. 90,95% CI [-5. 74,-4. 06],P<0. 000 01),and improve activities of daily living( ADL)( MD = 15. 00,95%CI [12. 20,17. 80],P<0. 000 01). The mortality was only included in one study,and the sample size was small,requiring to be further verified by a large sample size. The adverse reactions mainly included lung infection,skin pruritus,gastrointestinal reaction and so on,all of which could be tolerated or disappeared without affecting the treatment. Based on the available data and methods,Shenxiong Glucose Injection combined with ozagrel for cerebral thrombosis could improve the total effective rate,neurological impairment,and ability of daily living,with no serious adverse reactions. The evidence quality level of GRADE system was low in the evaluation of total effective rate,mortality and incidence of adverse reactions.However,the quality of the included researches was not high,requiring rigorously designed and internationally standardized clinical trials with a large sample size to improve the quality of evidence.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Trombose Intracraniana/tratamento farmacológico , Atividades Cotidianas , Glucose/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 2914-2925, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602833

RESUMO

To systematically review the efficacy and safety of Huoxiang Zhengqi Pills combined with Western medicine in the treatment of acute gastroenteritis. Four Chinese databases( CNKI,VIP,Wan Fang,Sino Med) and three English databases( Cochrane Library,Medline,EMbase) were systematically and comprehensively searched from the database establishment to April 2019 to collect the randomized controlled trials( RCTs) about the treatment of acute gastroenteritis with Huoxiang Zhengqi Pills combined with Western medicine. Two investigators independently performed literature screening,data extraction and bias risk assessment. Rev Man 5. 3 software was used for data analysis. A total of 316 articles were retrieved and finally 44 studies were included in this study,involving 4153 patients. The overall quality of the included studies was generally low. Meta-analysis results showed that in the total clinical effective rate,Huoxiang Zhengqi Pills combined with conventional treatment or norfloxacin tablets was superior to conventional treatment or norfloxacin tablets alone. In terms of the time for improving clinical symptoms,Huoxiang Zhengqi Pills combined with conventional treatment or norfloxacin tablets could better relieve fever than conventional treatment or norfloxacin tablets alone. In terms of incidence of adverse reactions,there was no statistical difference between Huoxiang Zhengqi Pills combined with conventional treatment and conventional treatment alone. Other outcome measures were affected by various factors( such as inclusion of only 1 study or excessive heterogeneity among studies) and could not be concluded. Due to the limitations of the quality and quantity of included studies,this conclusion still needs to be verified by more high quality researches.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Gastroenterite/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Norfloxacino/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 2926-2931, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602834

RESUMO

Diemailing~® Kudiezi Injection( DKI) is widely used in the treatment of cerebral infarction,coronary heart disease and angina pectoris. Long-term clinical application and related research evidence showed that DKI has a good effect in improving the clinical symptoms of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However,this injection has not been included in any clinical practice guideline. It has been found that the use of DKI is in wrong way in clinical practice in recent years. Therefore,clinical experts from the field of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases nationwide are invited to compile this expert consensus in order to guide clinicians.GRADE system is used to grade the quality of evidence according to different outcomes according to degrading factors. Then it forms the recommendation or consensus suggestion through the nominal group method. The formation of expert consensus mainly considers six factors: quality of evidence,economy,efficacy,adverse reactions,patient acceptability and others. Based on these six aspects,if the evidence is sufficient,a " recommendation" supported by evidence is formed,and GRADE grid voting rule is adopted. If the evidence is insufficient,a " consensus suggestions" will be formed,using the majority voting rule. In this consensus,the clinical indications,efficacy,safety evidences and related preliminary data of DKI were systematically and comprehensively summarized in a concise and clear format,which could provide valuable reference for the clinical use of DKI. This consensus has been approved by China association of Chinese medicine which is numbered GS/CACM 202-2019.


Assuntos
Angina Pectoris/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Doença das Coronárias/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , China , Consenso , Humanos , Injeções , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 2932-2936, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602835

RESUMO

Xiyanping Injection is a commonly used medicine in clinical treatment,which is recommended by many pediatric disease guidelines/consensus. However,the instraction is relatively simple and lack of guidance for clinical application,which affects the efficacy and brings safety risks. Therefore,more detailed clinical guidance is urgently needed. This consensus is formulated by clinical experts of traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine in pediatrics. This consensus follows Manual for the clinical experts consensus of Chinese patent medicine which published by China Association of Chinese Medicine. The study identified clinical problems using clinical investigation,searched the literature based on PICO clinical problems,using GRADE system to carry out evidences evaluation,classification and recommendation,and adopted the nominal grouping method to reach expert consensus. The consensus combines evidence-based evidence with expert experience,sufficient evidence of clinical problems would lead to " recommendations",and clinical problems with insufficient evidence will lead to " consensus suggestions". This expert consensus recommends the indications,intervention time for treatment,route of drug administration,dose conversion,the indications of being used alone,suitability and taboos of medicine combination,and introduces the safety and clinical application,to provide reference for clinical using.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Criança , China , Consenso , Humanos , Injeções , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Medicamentos sem Prescrição , Pediatria
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