Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.348
Filtrar
1.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(4): 410-414, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865360

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the current cognition of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) occupational protection among the managers of multi-level stomatology medical institutions in efforts to provide a reference for formulating technical standards for occupational protection. METHODS: Eighteen managers of oral medical institutions were individually interviewed in-depth using asemi-structured questionnaire on issues related to AIDS occupational protection using the phenomenological research method. Nvivo 12.0 software was used to code and analyze the interview data, and relevant themes were extracted. RESULTS: Three themes were extracted from the data. Occupational protection measures for AIDS in dental medical institutions mainly based on the aspects of standardized operation, standardized prevention, and post-exposure treatment. However, the implementation of these protective measures was often inadequate. Occupational protection training for AIDS was carried out regularly at dental medical institutions, but the training effect was not generally tracked. Several limitations in AIDS occupational protection management; these limitations included the lack of a specific occupational protection system, the difficulty of AIDS screening for outpatients, and the difficulty of AIDS occupational protection supervision. CONCLUSIONS: Oral medical institutions should strengthen their occupational protection training and supervision approaches and formulate unified occupational protection standards to reduce occupational exposure and improve hospital management quality and efficiency.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Exposição Ocupacional , Medicina Bucal , Cognição , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
J Hist Dent ; 68(1): 2-7, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32753093

RESUMO

Why is dentistry set up separately from mainstream medicine? It seems unnatural. The reason is embedded in historical shadows, as for centuries, dental disease and its treatments were accompanied by excruciating pain and human misery. Early itinerant dentists were in demand because the need for relief was so urgent and great, resulting in dentistry became an independent profession. However, toothache may no longer be a significant public health problem. Despite some pressures from present-day interlopers such as osteopathy schools, dental and oral medicine can and should fold back into mainstream medicine as one of the natural units of medical care. While undoing the existing educational and organizational infrastructure may be a nearly impossible task, there may be a way these perceived obstacles can be circumvented. Those responsible for the administration of medical education should be encouraged to create pathways for their Doctor of Medicine (Medicinae Doctor ­ M.D.) -seeking students to pursue dental/oral medicine as a bona fide specialty of medicine. The time appears right for this redirection in dental education.


Assuntos
Odontologia , Educação Médica , Medicina Bucal , Odontologia/tendências , Humanos , Medicina , Medicina Bucal/tendências
3.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827374

RESUMO

The article deals with results of anonymous questionnaire survey of patient in private dental clinics "LiderDent" (241 respondents of able-bodied age) and "GelioDent" (419 respondents of able-bodied age). The purpose of the study was to investigate peculiarities of medical and social characteristics. The questionnaire included questions concerning social status of respondents, their financial condition, self-assessment of dental health and its maintenance at the proper level for a number of parameters, as well as evaluation of work of private dental organizations. The assessment of dental health of elderly patients established that 58.1% of respondents rated their dental health as good, 27.8% as satisfactory; and 4.1% of respondents estimated their dental health as bad. The analysis included also evaluation of negative health habits of respondents resulting in dental diseases and afflict damage to teeth and oral cavity. It was found that more than half of respondents had higher education. They consider themselves as financially secure, they did not smoke and had good condition of oral cavity. They choose dentists according recommendation of friends and seek dental care only in case of obvious signs of disease. The analysis of possible reasons for seeking dental professional revealed that 75.5% of respondents seek dental care when there are "obvious signs of disease and deterioration of health", 21.2% "when first signs of disease occurred" and 3.3% "only in critical situation". It is concluded that dental professional of private medical centers should be more widely carried out sanitary and educational work with population in order to increase the medical activity of patient, as well as to increase their awareness of ways and means of maintaining the dental health.


Assuntos
Medicina Bucal , Idoso , Humanos , Autoavaliação , Fatores Sociológicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32526125

RESUMO

The high prevalence of dental diseases, increase of population exactingness to availability and quality of dental medical care predetermine the development of relevant management decisions. The purpose of study was to define the priorities of demand of medical technologies in dental polyclinic. The evaluation of importance of the technologies implemented in case of particular dental diseases was given based on analysis of 37.3 thousand visits of adult population to dental polyclinic and implementation of more than 200 thousand dental manipulations. The 13 groups of technologies applied were established. The calculation of the coefficient of relative importance and its integrated evaluation was carried out. It is established that most of implemented technologies in dental polyclinic were targeted to treatment of caries of teeth and other defects of tissues of tooth that made 37.4% of all dental medical care provided and also pulpitis (20.9%), periodontitis and periapiсal pathology (25.1%). The most demanded technologies are treatment of caries, restoration of crown of tooth, all-diagnostic procedures, anesthesia, survey and consultation. The preventive manipulations consisted 69.2% of all important for patient technologies. The established quantitative importance of dental technologies defines perspective of their demand and main positions of dental polyclinic in development of corresponding strategy.


Assuntos
Medicina Bucal , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Adulto , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-381855

RESUMO

The authors performed a narrative review on Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome- CoronaVirus-2 ( SARS-CoV-2) and all infectious agents with the primary endpoints to illustrate the most accepted models of safety protocols in dentistry and oral medicine, and to propose an easy view of the problem and a comparison (pre- vs post-COVID19) for the most common dental procedures. The outcome is forecast to help dentists to individuate for a given procedure the differences in terms of safety protocols to avoid infectious contagion (by SARS-CoV-2 and others dangerous agents). An investigation was performed on the online databases Pubmed and Scopus using a combination of free words and Medical Subject Headings (MESH) terms: "dentist" OR "oral health" AND "COVID-19" OR "SARS-CoV-2" OR "coronavirus-19". After a brief excursus on all infectious agents transmittable at the dental chair, the authors described all the personal protective equipment (PPE) actually on the market and their indications, and on the basis of the literature, they compared (before and after COVID-19 onset) the correct safety procedures for each dental practice studied, underlining the danger of underestimating, in general, dental cross-infections. The authors have highlighted the importance of knowing exactly the risk of infections in the dental practice, and to modulate correctly the use of PPE, in order to invest adequate financial resources and to avoid exposing both the dental team and patients to preventable risks.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Odontologia/organização & administração , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Odontologia/normas , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/normas , Medicina Bucal/organização & administração , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32471083

RESUMO

The authors performed a narrative review on Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome- CoronaVirus-2 ( SARS-CoV-2) and all infectious agents with the primary endpoints to illustrate the most accepted models of safety protocols in dentistry and oral medicine, and to propose an easy view of the problem and a comparison (pre- vs post-COVID19) for the most common dental procedures. The outcome is forecast to help dentists to individuate for a given procedure the differences in terms of safety protocols to avoid infectious contagion (by SARS-CoV-2 and others dangerous agents). An investigation was performed on the online databases Pubmed and Scopus using a combination of free words and Medical Subject Headings (MESH) terms: "dentist" OR "oral health" AND "COVID-19" OR "SARS-CoV-2" OR "coronavirus-19". After a brief excursus on all infectious agents transmittable at the dental chair, the authors described all the personal protective equipment (PPE) actually on the market and their indications, and on the basis of the literature, they compared (before and after COVID-19 onset) the correct safety procedures for each dental practice studied, underlining the danger of underestimating, in general, dental cross-infections. The authors have highlighted the importance of knowing exactly the risk of infections in the dental practice, and to modulate correctly the use of PPE, in order to invest adequate financial resources and to avoid exposing both the dental team and patients to preventable risks.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Odontologia/organização & administração , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Odontologia/normas , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/normas , Medicina Bucal/organização & administração , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
12.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(4): 217-222, 2020 Apr 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-50413

RESUMO

During a short period of time, the COVID-19, a respiratory disease caused by a novel coronavirus and first reported by the end of the year 2019 in China, has spread rapidly to many countries and regions outside China. The number of confirmed cases and deaths continued to rise. World Health Organization announced that the outbreaks of the novel coronavirus infection have constituted a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Efficient infection control can prevent the virus from further spreading, which may make the pandemic situation under control. Due to the specialty of oral healthcare settings, the risk of cross infection is severe among patients and oral healthcare workers. It's urgent to implement more strict and efficient infection control protocols. This article, based on existing guidelines and published researches pertinent to dental infection-control principles and practices, mainly discusses epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 and the features of nosocomial infection in oral healthcare settings, and furthermore provides recommendations on patient's evaluation, and infection control protocols in departments of stomatology under current circumstance.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecção Hospitalar , Assistência Odontológica/normas , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Medicina Bucal , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Assistência Odontológica/métodos , Humanos , Medicina Bucal/normas , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
13.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(4): 217-222, 2020 Apr 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268622

RESUMO

During a short period of time, the COVID-19, a respiratory disease caused by a novel coronavirus and first reported by the end of the year 2019 in China, has spread rapidly to many countries and regions outside China. The number of confirmed cases and deaths continued to rise. World Health Organization announced that the outbreaks of the novel coronavirus infection have constituted a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Efficient infection control can prevent the virus from further spreading, which may make the pandemic situation under control. Due to the specialty of oral healthcare settings, the risk of cross infection is severe among patients and oral healthcare workers. It's urgent to implement more strict and efficient infection control protocols. This article, based on existing guidelines and published researches pertinent to dental infection-control principles and practices, mainly discusses epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 and the features of nosocomial infection in oral healthcare settings, and furthermore provides recommendations on patient's evaluation, and infection control protocols in departments of stomatology under current circumstance.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecção Hospitalar , Assistência Odontológica/normas , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Medicina Bucal , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Assistência Odontológica/métodos , Humanos , Medicina Bucal/normas , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
15.
J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 121(2): 155-158, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32307085

RESUMO

Medical as well as non-medical practitioners specialized in oral health are at high risk of infection with the Coronavirus-19 (Covid-19) because of the proximity with potentially infected biological fluids. This risk is permanent, especially during examination, care and transfer of patients. Regarding the pandemic progression of Covid-19, efficient protocols of prevention are urgently needed. Based on our experience and on the recently reported guidelines from the French National Agency for Public Health (ARS, March 5, 2020), the French Society of Hospital Hygiene (SFHH, March 4, 2020) and the Department of Infectious Risk Prevention of the Hospitals of Paris-Public Assistance (APHP, March 6, 2020), we provide several recommendations for practitioners specialized in oral health, to protect themselves from nosocomial infections, especially Covid-19.


Assuntos
Coronavirus , Medicina Bucal , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais , Cirurgia Bucal , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral
16.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306576

RESUMO

The article considers characteristics of organization of dental care for adult and children population in the territory of a large subject of the Russian Federation. In accordance with the action plan of the Health Department of the Voronezh Oblast, as well as in order to improve organization of dental services and statistical reporting and accounting in the autonomous health institution of the Voronezh Oblast, meetings concerning organization of dental services are organized. The issues are discussed concerning primary prevention of dental diseases in population of the Voronezh Oblast within the framework of the state program of the the Russian Federation "Health Care Development", organization and implementation of continuous medical education in dentistry, preparation and handing in annual report on dentistry in accordance with latest requirements of the Federal statistical monitoring in health care, new requirements of application of documents for preferential prosthetic dentistry in families of servicemen who perished during military service in peacetime. The consideration of actual state of scientific medicine and practical direction of population health promotion of the population, invariably focuses on actuality of dental research. The analysis of publications established significance of especially dynamic monitoring of medical social indices, conditions and style of life, level and structure of dental morbidity demographic situation. The necessity of analysis of dental morbidity for evaluation of overall population health is emphasized. Also, data of social hygienic monitoring of population of the Voronezh Oblast for 2015-2017 was used.


Assuntos
Medicina Bucal , Saúde da População , Adulto , Criança , Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Morbidade , Federação Russa
17.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306586

RESUMO

The aspects related to self-assessment of dental health in patients with partial absence of teeth were analyzed using questionnaire survey, clinical examination of patients and extracting data from health questionnaires from patient's medical records were studied. Patients with a partial absence of teeth most often admit to dental medical organization with complaints about impaired chewing function. At the same time, most of respondents with largest number of such complaints belong to older age groups: 45-54 and 55-62 years. The main problems with maxillofacial region of patients are of aesthetic character - the general aesthetics of the face and smile. As well as main factors of patients' anxiety, significant for dental health self-assessment are facial distortion and unattractive smile. The insufficient knowledge and literacy of studied group of patients regarding their need to restore partial absence of teeth, possible consequences of partial absence of teeth and the lack of information about modern methods of orthodontic care for patients with partial absence of teeth were established. The criterion of following the recommendations of attending physician and regularity of brushing teeth is defined and described. The application of study data makes it possible to optimize organization of orthodontic care for patients with partial absence of teeth.


Assuntos
Medicina Bucal , Autoavaliação , Idoso , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(4): 241-245, 2020 Apr 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-309091

RESUMO

Crisis management in emergent public health event is a global difficult problem for researchers worldwide, which is highlighted by World Health Organization for its vital importance to public sanitation and health, life quality and survival. This article briefly analyzes and summarizes the relevant legal issues faced by stomatological institutions and workers after the emergent crisis caused by COVID-19 virus breakout in China since December 2019, so as to provide legal advises and guidance to stomatological institutions for responding public health emergencies.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Emergências , Responsabilidade Legal , Medicina Bucal/legislação & jurisprudência , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Saúde Pública
19.
J Dent Res ; 99(5): 481-487, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-7868

RESUMO

The epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), originating in Wuhan, China, has become a major public health challenge for not only China but also countries around the world. The World Health Organization announced that the outbreaks of the novel coronavirus have constituted a public health emergency of international concern. As of February 26, 2020, COVID-19 has been recognized in 34 countries, with a total of 80,239 laboratory-confirmed cases and 2,700 deaths. Infection control measures are necessary to prevent the virus from further spreading and to help control the epidemic situation. Due to the characteristics of dental settings, the risk of cross infection can be high between patients and dental practitioners. For dental practices and hospitals in areas that are (potentially) affected with COVID-19, strict and effective infection control protocols are urgently needed. This article, based on our experience and relevant guidelines and research, introduces essential knowledge about COVID-19 and nosocomial infection in dental settings and provides recommended management protocols for dental practitioners and students in (potentially) affected areas.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Infecção Hospitalar , Assistência Odontológica , Odontologia , Medicina Bucal , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Assistência Odontológica/normas , Odontologia/tendências , Odontólogos , Saúde Global , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Medicina Bucal/tendências , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Saúde Pública , Estudantes de Odontologia
20.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(4): 241-245, 2020 Apr 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32153168

RESUMO

Crisis management in emergent public health event is a global difficult problem for researchers worldwide, which is highlighted by World Health Organization for its vital importance to public sanitation and health, life quality and survival. This article briefly analyzes and summarizes the relevant legal issues faced by stomatological institutions and workers after the emergent crisis caused by COVID-19 virus breakout in China since December 2019, so as to provide legal advises and guidance to stomatological institutions for responding public health emergencies.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Emergências , Responsabilidade Legal , Medicina Bucal/legislação & jurisprudência , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Saúde Pública
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA