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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704350

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the awareness among United States (US) oncologists about oral medicine (OM) as a specialty of dentistry, and their collaboration with OM providers. METHODS: An online survey was conducted, inviting 1350 US oncologists, with data collected on demographics, practice background, comfort level with diagnosing and treating oral conditions, referral practices for oral conditions, and more. RESULTS: Of the invited 1350 oncologists, 192 responded (14% response rate). Among respondents, 46% were familiar with the OM specialty. Of these, 73% had previously sought consultation from OM specialists. The primary reasons for referral included dental clearance before initiating chemotherapy (38.5%), dental clearance before initiating radiotherapy (37%), and managing oral ulcers and oral potentially malignant disorders equally (32.2%). Regarding referrals to providers outside of OM, oncologists primarily referred patients with oral lesions to otolaryngologists (64.6%), followed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons (55.2%) and general dentists (45.3%). CONCLUSION: Our study showed that over half of US oncologists were unfamiliar with the OM specialty. However, the referral rate to OM providers was high among oncologists who had prior OM knowledge. It is advisable to enhance the collaboration between OM and oncology specialists to ensure optimal care for patients with cancer.


Assuntos
Oncologistas , Medicina Bucal , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Estados Unidos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Feminino , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Competência Clínica
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38777741

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study utilized bibliometric methodologies to explore the body of research presented at the World Workshop on Oral Medicine (WWOM) over the past 35 years. METHODS: A systematic tracking of articles across 8 editions of WWOM was conducted using databases such as Web of Science, Scopus, and PubMed. Comprehensive bibliographic analysis and data visualization were executed through Bibliometrix, Rstudio, and VOSviewer, facilitating an in-depth examination of citation metrics and collaborative networks. RESULTS: The investigation revealed that WWOM, held in 6 cities spanning four countries and addressing 33 distinct topics, demonstrated an annual citation growth rate of 8.29%, with an average of 49.31 citations per article. Notably, WWOM IV garnered the highest number of citations (1,342), reaching its peak in 2021 with 365 citations. Key contributors to the most-cited articles include Al-Hashimi, Dawes, and Syrjänen et al. Since its inception, the workshops have engaged 505 faculty members from 37 nations, with significant participation from the Americas and Europe, notably the United States and the United Kingdom, which also led in terms of publications. Network analysis delineated 6 country clusters, underscoring robust connections between the US and the UK. Co-authorship analysis revealed 18 clusters involving 267 authors. CONCLUSION: The influence of the WWOM on the field of oral medicine is clearly demonstrated by the outcomes of its publications, reflecting a collaborative effort to enhance comprehension and treatment modalities for patients with oral diseases. The study's findings provide insights into future research directions within the WWOM legacy.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Medicina Bucal , Humanos , Congressos como Assunto
4.
J Hist Dent ; 72(1): 2-20, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38642375

RESUMO

University of Toronto Dentistry alumni have made valuable contributions to the evolution of dentistry and the dental profession not only in Canada but also internationally. The founder and some of the early faculty members of West China College of Stomatology at Sichuan University (formerly the Dental School of West China Union University), known as the birthplace of China's modern dental science education, were alumni from the University of Toronto. With their excellent dental background, skills, and dedication, those pioneers laid a firm foundation for modern dental education in China and their contributions to this effort will be addressed in this paper.


Assuntos
Medicina Bucal , Humanos , Educação em Odontologia , China , Currículo , Docentes
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38653605

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the impact of oral medicine (OM) practitioners on the literature regarding oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs), focusing on oral leukoplakia. STUDY DESIGN: Using a bibliometric approach on the Scopus database until September 1, 2022, the top 100 cited articles were analyzed for article type, subtopic, specialty contributions, author metrics, and keywords. The Bibliometrix package for R and VOSviewer were used to evaluate interactions and generate science maps. RESULTS: OM practitioners, comprising 39% of contributors, played a significant role in studies related to nomenclature and screening of OPMDs. Notably, 4 OM specialists ranked among the most prolific authors, demonstrating denser collaboration with OM co-authors compared to other cancer specialists. However, there was a scarcity of OPMD management studies authored by OM practitioners. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the paucity of OM practitioners, the findings underscored the substantial contribution of OM practitioners in developing OPMD nomenclature and classification, emphasizing the need for increased collaboration with cancer specialists to conduct comprehensive clinical trials for OPMD management. The study highlights the importance of standardized criteria in OPMDs research for better data comparison and encourages further efforts from the OM scientific community.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Leucoplasia Oral , Neoplasias Bucais , Medicina Bucal , Humanos , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas
6.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 29(4): e492-e497, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe the perception of dentists from the North macroregion of Minas Gerais, Brazil, users of telediagnosis in Oral Medicine, during the COVID-19 pandemic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional and descriptive study. Data collection was carried out online, between May and October 2022. The information was transferred to the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences for Windows (SPPS)® version 24. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 255 dentists, predominantly female. Regarding perception, a significant percentage (47.8%) of respondents agreed that they would like to use telediagnosis frequently, more than half (60.6%) agreed that the technology is easy to use, only a small percentage (8.8%) needed technical support to use it and almost half (48.2%) mentioned the desire to continue using it after the pandemic. When asked if patients felt confident and comfortable when passing on information, more than half disagreed or remained neutral (58.4%), a similar result was found in relation to confidence in the application of the instrument by professionals. CONCLUSIONS: It is concluded that, during the pandemic, telediagnosis in Oral Medicine was an easy and adequate tool. However, professionals must be trained and prepared to be comfortable and ready for use.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Medicina Bucal , Pandemias , Consulta Remota , Humanos , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Odontólogos
7.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 29(4): e527-e532, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615252

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral Pathology (OP) and Oral Medicine (OM) are specialties in dentistry whose main objective is the diagnosis and treatment of oral and maxillofacial diseases, and aspects related to the academic training of professionals and fields of practice are distinct and heterogeneous around the world. This study aimed to evaluate professional training and areas of activity in OP and OM in Latin American countries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to 11 countries, with a professional in each country responsible for answering it. The questionnaire had 21 questions related to the process of professional training, areas of practice, the existence of scientific events in each country, and also collected demographic and population information. RESULTS: OP and OM are practiced in all the countries studied, but the specialty is not recognized in all of them. Brazil was the first to recognize both as a specialty. Postgraduate programs designed to train specialists are available in various countries. Two countries offer residency programs, 6 countries provide specialization courses, 6 offer master's programs, and 3 have doctoral programs. Brazil boasts the highest number of undergraduate courses (n=412), while Uruguay has the lowest (n=2). Professional societies representing the specialty exist in ten countries. Brazil has the highest number of OP and OM specialists (n=422 and 1,072), while Paraguay has the smallest number (n=1 and 3). CONCLUSIONS: Although both specialties are widely practiced around the globe, professional training, the number of dentists trained and the fields of professional practice are very different between the countries studied.


Assuntos
Medicina Bucal , Patologia Bucal , América Latina , Medicina Bucal/educação , Patologia Bucal/educação , Humanos , Autorrelato
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553304

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In this study, we assessed 6 different artificial intelligence (AI) chatbots (Bing, GPT-3.5, GPT-4, Google Bard, Claude, Sage) responses to controversial and difficult questions in oral pathology, oral medicine, and oral radiology. STUDY DESIGN: The chatbots' answers were evaluated by board-certified specialists using a modified version of the global quality score on a 5-point Likert scale. The quality and validity of chatbot citations were evaluated. RESULTS: Claude had the highest mean score of 4.341 ± 0.582 for oral pathology and medicine. Bing had the lowest scores of 3.447 ± 0.566. In oral radiology, GPT-4 had the highest mean score of 3.621 ± 1.009 and Bing the lowest score of 2.379 ± 0.978. GPT-4 achieved the highest mean score of 4.066 ± 0.825 for performance across all disciplines. 82 out of 349 (23.50%) of generated citations from chatbots were fake. CONCLUSIONS: The most superior chatbot in providing high-quality information for controversial topics in various dental disciplines was GPT-4. Although the majority of chatbots performed well, it is suggested that developers of AI medical chatbots incorporate scientific citation authenticators to validate the outputted citations given the relatively high number of fabricated citations.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Medicina Bucal , Humanos , Radiologia , Patologia Bucal
11.
Chin J Dent Res ; 27(1): 47-52, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38546519

RESUMO

MN1 C-terminal truncation (MCTT) syndrome was first reported in 2020 and only 28 patients have been recorded to date. Since MCTT syndrome is a newly defined and rare syndrome with many clinical features, the present study reviewed the manifestations and management of oral and dental anomalies. Gene variants of MCTT syndrome and their positive phenotypes were summarised. The phenotypes of variants in two exons differed from each other mainly in the craniomaxillofacial region, including brain MRI abnormalities and palatal morphology. Pathogenic mechanisms, especially in craniofacial and oral anomalies, were discussed. Appropriate treatments in the stomatology and respiratory departments could improve the symptoms of MCTT syndrome. The different sites of MN1 gene variants may influence the clinical symptoms and there may be racial differences in MCTT syndrome. We recommend oral and pulmonary evaluations for the multidisciplinary treatment of MCTT syndrome.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias , Medicina Bucal , Humanos , Éxons , Estudos Interdisciplinares , Neuroimagem , Transativadores , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor
12.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 59(4): 301-311, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548586

RESUMO

This article summarizes and organizes relevant publications in journals, along with a review of medical history, systematically summarizing the development process of dental alveolar surgery in China. The initial establishment phase (1935-1952) marked the starting point of Chinese Alveolar Surgery. Despite the impact of wars, it laid the foundation for subsequent research and practice. During the early development phase (1953-1966), the "Chinese Journal of Stomatology" was founded, which promoted the development of Alveolar Surgery. Research focused on tooth extraction methods and complications. Tooth Transplantation and Preprosthetic Surgery gradually began to take off. The stagnant phase (1967-1977) occurred due to the interruption of international exchanges, leading to an almost complete halt in the development of Alveolar Surgery. Entering the rapid catch-up phase (1978-1985), Alveolar Surgery scholars in China began striving to overcome the stagnation of the previous decade. While some progress was made, no significant innovative achievements emerged. In the scientific development phase (1986-2010), clinical research, basic experiments, and paper writing in modern Chinese Alveolar Surgery began to adhere to scientific standards with the rise of experimental medicine. The exploration and innovation stage (2011-2023) is the current development phase, during which Chinese Aveolar Surgery has reached its peak, making substantial progress in technology, clinical practices, and basic research, gradually reaching or even surpassing international advanced levels. Looking back at the development history in China, we can find the wisdom and hard work of the older generation of Alveolar Surgery scholars. However, contemporary challenges and issues, such as standardizing technology, promoting clinical practices, and talent cultivation, need to be addressed by present-day Alveolar Surgery professionals as they forge ahead.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Medicina Bucal , Humanos , China , Assistência Odontológica , Tecnologia , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI
13.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 59(3): 279-287, 2024 Mar 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432662

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most abundant and widely distributed internal RNA modification in eukaryotic cells, and it is involved in the regulation of gene expression and biological processes in many cells. In recent years, studies on the role of m6A modification in oral cavity have emerged gradually. Existing researches show that m6A-related proteins are involved in the regulation of oral squamous cell carcinoma and its resistance to therapy. Methyltransferase-like 3 regulates apoptosis and autophagy of chondrocytes in inflammation, the angiogenesis and osteogenesis during distraction osteogenesis of endothelial progenitor cells, inflammatory response of dental pulp cells, the differentiation and osteogenesis of dental pulp stem cells, the development of tooth roots and the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and so on. Moreover, m6A modification may also be related to the occurrence and development of periodontitis, oral ulcers and oral submucosal fibrosis. These studies have provided new ideas for the pathogenesis of various oral diseases and the diagnosis and treatment of oral bone tissue repair and regeneration. This paper reviews the recent research progress on the role of m6A modification in the field of stomatology and summarize the current research status of m6A in the field of stomatology, in order to provide reference for the further research of m6A function and mechanism in the field of stomatology.


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Bucais , Medicina Bucal , Humanos
14.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 264, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate stomatological students' learning efficacy and their attitude towards Lecture-Team-Based Learning (LTBL) on topics regarding the design of removable partial dentures via in-class, online, and both in combination. METHODS: Students from seven distinct grades participated in the course in their fourth academic year (Years 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, and 2021). Students of Years 2015-2019 attended in-class LTBL, students of Year 2020 attended online LTBL, and students of Year 2021 attended the combination mode. The scores of three examinations were compared, namely, individual readiness assessment test, team readiness assurance test, and individual application test. Visual Analog Scales (VAS) were used for students to self-assess their mastery of prosthodontics knowledge before and after the course. Anonymous questionnaires were delivered to evaluate their satisfaction with LTBL via a Likert scale. RESULTS: In each academic year, the three exam scores were significantly improved as the course progressed and VAS-post scores were significantly higher than VAS-pre scores. The three examination and VAS scores of students in Year 2020 were significantly lower than those in Years 2019 and 2021. Students were highly satisfied with the LTBL course based on the three parameters of knowledge acquisition, teamwork, and classroom atmosphere. CONCLUSION: Students were highly satisfied with the LTBL course and their learning performance was improved as the course progressed both in-class and online. Online LTBL could be adopted when students have to study online, while in-class LTBL could perform better when combined with video records of an online LTBL course.


Assuntos
Medicina Bucal , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudantes , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Currículo
15.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 29(2): e152-e162, Mar. 2024. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231217

RESUMO

Background: Oral Lichen Planus is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the oral mucosa. The prevalencein adults ranges between 0.5% and 2%, while in children is reported to be about 0,03%. Clinical features of OralLichen Planus could be variable in both adults and children, ranging from painless white hyperkeratotic lesions topainful erythematous atrophic ones.Actually, there are no systematic reviews in the literature on OLP in children, whereby this paper aims to sum-marize all the pathophysiological aspects and identify all cases described in the literature of Oral Lichen Planusin children, reporting their clinical characteristics.Material and Methods: A systematic review of the literature was performed in online databases including PubMed,Scopus, Web of Science, Science Direct, EMBASE. In addition, in order to identify reports not otherwise identifi-able, an analysis of the gray literature was performed on google scholar and in Open Gray.Results: By literature analysis, it emerged that most cases were reported from India. The mean age at time of diag-nosis of the disease was 11 years, ranging from 3 to 17 years. The most frequent pattern was the reticular patternfollowed by plaque-like, erosive, atrophic, sclerosus, and bullous. The buccal mucosa was the most involved oralsite, followed by the tongue, lips and gingiva.Conclusions: Although Oral Lichen Planus in children is rare, it may cause oral discomfort and need to be dif-ferentiated from other oral white lesions and/or chronic ulcers.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Líquen Plano Bucal/diagnóstico , Líquen Plano Bucal/tratamento farmacológico , Úlceras Orais , Medicina Bucal , Saúde Bucal , Patologia Bucal
16.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 29(2): e163-e171, Mar. 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231218

RESUMO

Background: The 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) classification has introduced two new parameters: depth of invasion (DOI) and extranodal extension (ENE). The aim of this systematic review was to determine whether this 8th edition referred to oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) offers performance superior to that of the 7th edition in relation to overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS). Material and Methods: The review was carried out following the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses) guidelines. The PubMed (MEDLINE), Scopus and Cochrane Library databases were searched covering the period up until April 7th, 2022.Results: Thirteen retrospective cohort studies were finally included. The introduction of DOI and ENE in the 8th edition of the AJCC classification resulted in improved prognostic performance of the classification. Conclusions: Patients with OSCC can be better classified in relation to OS and DSS, while maintaining the simplicity and ease of use of the classification. This allows more appropriate treatment protocols to be applied and affords a better estimation of the prognosis of each patient.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Neoplasias Bucais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Prognóstico , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos , Medicina Bucal , Patologia Bucal , Saúde Bucal
17.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 29(2): e172-e179, Mar. 2024. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231219

RESUMO

Background: Immediate loading of dental implants is considered an excellent option to reestablish function and aesthetics in a short period of time, thereby reducing the psychological impact of edentulism. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence of complications in immediately loaded implant-supported single or partial maxillary provisional rehabilitations; to assess changes in patient quality of life (QoL); to evaluate patient overall satisfaction; and to determine whether the occurrence of complications affects these outcomes. Material and Methods: Patients requiring partial rehabilitation with implants in the maxilla were included in a prospective cohort study. In all cases, implant-based restoration with an immediate loading protocol was indicated. A provisional restoration was placed within 72 hours after implant placement. Patient QoL was measured at the first appointment and just before placing the final restoration, using two validated questionnaires. All mechanical and biological complications occurring up until placement of the final restoration were documented. A descriptive and bivariate analysis of the data was performed. Results: Thirty-five patients with 40 prostheses supported by 60 implants were analyzed. Three implant failures were observed, yielding a 95% survival rate. Five provisional prosthesis fractures and two prosthetic screw loosenings were recorded in four patients. A significant reduction in OHIP-14 score was observed. Likewise, significant differences were found in the results of the QoLFAST-10, with a mean difference in score of 7.3 between the initial and final evaluation. Conclusions: Patients receiving immediately loaded implant-supported single or partial maxillary provisional rehabilitations seem to have a low risk of developing early mechanical (13.3%) or biological complications (5%)...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Qualidade de Vida , Implantes Dentários , Implantação Dentária Endóssea/métodos , Estética Dentária , Maxila/cirurgia , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Prospectivos , Medicina Bucal , Saúde Bucal , Patologia Bucal , Satisfação do Paciente , Reabilitação Bucal
18.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 29(2): e180-e186, Mar. 2024. mapas, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231220

RESUMO

Background: Impacted mandibular third molars occasionally are in intimate relation to the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN). Coronectomy has been proposed as a good alternative to prevent injury of the IAN. The present study evaluates the clinical and radiological outcomes of impacted mandibular third molars presenting radiographic signs associated with a high risk of IAN injury, and which were treated with the coronectomy technique. Material and Methods: A retrospective case series evaluated the outcomes of coronectomies of impacted mandibular third molars. The inclusion criteria were: available preoperative, immediate postoperative and two-year panoramic radiographs, preoperative cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), and a complete case history. The clinical evaluation comprised intraoperative complications (mobilized fragments of root and damage to adjacent structures), short-term complications (sensory alterations and postoperative infection), and long-term complications (infection or oral exposure). The IAN position with respect to the roots, root shape, eruption status, third molar position, radicular-complex migration and bone above roots were radiographically evaluated as well. Results: Approximately a total of 2000 mandibular third molars were removed from 2011 to 2022. Of these, 39 molars in 34 patients were partially extracted using the coronectomy technique. The mean age was 36 years (range 22-77), and the mean follow-up was 28 months (range 24-84). There were two short-term postoperative infections. One of them was resolved through reintervention to remove the roots after antibiotic treatment, while the other required hospital admission and removal of the roots. One case of short-term transient lingual paresthesia was also recorded. Two long-term oral exposures were detected, and the root fragments had to be extracted. There were no permanent sensory alterations...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Parestesia , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Nervo Mandibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos do Nervo Trigêmeo , Extração Dentária , Medicina Bucal , Patologia Bucal , Saúde Bucal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Prospectivos , Seguimentos
19.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 29(2): e187-e194, Mar. 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231221

RESUMO

Background: Although Le Fort I surgeries are safe and successful procedures; nasolacrimal duct injuries may be observed due to these surgeries. The study aimed to investigate the prevalence of nasolacrimal duct injury in Le Fort I osteotomy patients. Material and Methods: The authors conducted a retrospective cohort study consisting of patients who underwent Le Fort I osteotomies between 2017 and 2021 in the Erciyes University Faculty of Dentistry. The primary predictor variables were the distance of the nasolacrimal canal to the outer cortex of the maxilla and the nasal floor, as well as the superior-inferior level of the superiorly positioned screw inserted in the maxilla aperture region relative to the nasolacrimal canal. The outcome variable was the presence of a nasolacrimal duct injury. Mann Whitney U test was used for quantitative variables between the two groups. A Pearson chi-squared analysis was used to compare categorical data. A p-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant.Results: A total of 290 nasolacrimal canals were evaluated in 145 patients, 87 females, and 58 males. The mean age was 23.47± 6.67. There was a statistically significant relationship between screw level and nasolacrimal canal perforation (p<0,001). The distance between the most anterior border of the nasolacrimal canal and the outer cortical of the maxilla was significantly less in the perforation group (p<0,001). The fixation screw was significantly closer to the nasolacrimal canal in the perforation group (p<0,001). Conclusions: In Le Fort I surgery, nasolacrimal duct injury may occur during screw fixation to the aperture region. Superiorly positioned fixation screws in the aperture region may damage the nasolacrimal canal. In patients where the nasolacrimal canal is close to the outer cortex, care should be taken when applying the fixation screws to the aperture region to avoid damaging the canal.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Ducto Nasolacrimal/lesões , Osteotomia , Nariz/lesões , Nariz/cirurgia , Medicina Bucal , Patologia Bucal , Saúde Bucal , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 29(2): e195-e202, Mar. 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231222

RESUMO

Background: The present study aimed to evaluate the ultrasonographic findings of submandibular and submental lymph nodes in patients with and without odontogenic infection. Material and Methods: Systemically healthy patients aged 18-30 years old with or without odontogenic infections were included in this study. Clinical examinations were performed on all patients; those with any odontogenic infection were placed in the study group, and those without were placed in the control group. Ultrasonographic examinations of bilateral submental and submandibular lymph nodes were performed for both groups. The data were statistically analyzed using Pearson’s Chi-square test and Student’s t-test.Results: A total of 150 patients voluntarily participated (female: n=86 (57%), male: n=64 (43%)), 75 in the study group and 75 in the control group. During the ultrasonographic examination, patients in the study group had more than one lymph node the same patient was mostly detected, in the study group (right submandibular: n=42, 56%, and left submandibular: n=43, 57.3%). The long-axis diameter of the submandibular lymph nodes was 9.30±5.30 mm and 5.50±5.20 mm in the study and control groups, respectively. Conclusions: Ultrasonography revealed that the presence, number, and long-axis diameter of the submandibular lymph nodes in the patients with and without odontogenic infection were statistically different.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Odontodisplasia , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Ultrassonografia , Medicina Bucal , Saúde Bucal , Patologia Bucal
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