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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17793, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493744

RESUMO

The rapid identification and isolation of infected individuals remains a key strategy for controlling the spread of SARS-CoV-2. Frequent testing of populations to detect infection early in asymptomatic or presymptomatic individuals can be a powerful tool for intercepting transmission, especially when the viral prevalence is low. However, RT-PCR testing-the gold standard of SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis-is expensive, making regular testing of every individual unfeasible. Sample pooling is one approach to lowering costs. By combining samples and testing them in groups the number of tests required is reduced, substantially lowering costs. Here we report on the implementation of pooling strategies using 3-d and 4-d hypercubes to test a professional sports team in South Africa. We have shown that infected samples can be reliably detected in groups of 27 and 81, with minimal loss of assay sensitivity for samples with individual Ct values of up to 32. We report on the automation of sample pooling, using a liquid-handling robot and an automated web interface to identify positive samples. We conclude that hypercube pooling allows for the reliable RT-PCR detection of SARS-CoV-2 infection, at significantly lower costs than lateral flow antigen (LFA) tests.


Assuntos
Teste de Ácido Nucleico para COVID-19/métodos , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala/métodos , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos , Antígenos Virais/isolamento & purificação , Atletas , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/virologia , Teste de Ácido Nucleico para COVID-19/economia , Teste Sorológico para COVID-19/economia , Teste Sorológico para COVID-19/métodos , Redução de Custos , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala/economia , Humanos , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , África do Sul , Manejo de Espécimes/economia , Medicina Esportiva/economia , Medicina Esportiva/métodos
2.
J Opioid Manag ; 17(4): 284-288, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533822

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Guidelines for opioid prescription post-operatively exist; however, the majority of these are for adults. Nevertheless, opioid risks are present for pediatric patients also. This study investigates the effect of a single institution's guidelines on post-operative opioid prescribing for pediatric orthopedic patients undergoing knee surgery. We hypothesized that a standardized set of prescribing guidelines would result in a decrease in opioids prescribed at discharge home after these surgeries. DESIGN: Retrospective observational. SETTING: Urban, tertiary care, academic orthopedic hospital. PATIENTS: Pediatric, sports knee surgery, 23-month period. INTERVENTIONS: Guidelines were implemented institutionally for post-operative opioid prescribing practices. We reviewed all post-operative opioid prescriptions for pediatric patients undergoing sports knee surgery with two pediatric sports surgeons for the 11 months prior to the guidelines and 12 months afterwards, totaling 316 surgeries. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Oral morphine equivalents (OMEs) prescribed on discharge from the hospital before and after implementation of guidelines. RESULTS: There was a significant reduction in OMEs from 229 OMEs to 175 OMEs before and after opioid prescribing guidelines (p < 0.001). This is a decrease in approximately seven 5 mg oxycodone tablets per patient. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that at our institution, with a pediatric patient population having sports knee surgery, prescribing guidelines reduced the number of opioids prescribed at discharge.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Medicina Esportiva , Adulto , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Criança , Prescrições de Medicamentos , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Padrões de Prática Médica , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Rev Prat ; 71(6): 647-649, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553563

RESUMO

Cardiac screening of the athlete: pro? Moderate and regular sports practice is beneficial for health. Cardiac events related to sport are rare. In France, a preparticipation evaluation is legally recommended serious. Cardiac evaluation must at least combine clinical exam and resting ECG. The other exam and particularly stress test should be targeted according to the applicant's age, symptoms, sports practice and cardiovascular risk. All in all, if a preparticipation evaluation is legally required, cardiovascular screening is essential and its content must be individually targeted.


Assuntos
Medicina Esportiva , Esportes , Morte Súbita Cardíaca , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Exame Físico
4.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(5): 460-463, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288627

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: The organization of high-level sports teams in colleges and universities is an important measure for my country's competitive sports to break the traditional monopoly and monopoly pattern and go to the market and society in an all-around way. It helps to improve the cultural quality of Chinese athletes and cultivate new sports talents for comprehensive development. It can make full use of universities' multidisciplinary and high-tech advantages, increase the technological content of competitive training, and accelerate the improvement of sports level. Objective: This article intends to take the diving team as an example to explain the role and significance of scientific training in developing competitive sports in my country's ordinary colleges and universities and put forward suggestions for the establishment, organization, and implementation of scientific training. Methods: The scientific research support system used in the thesis includes: physiological and biochemical monitoring, health and sports injury monitoring, nutrition and weight monitoring, psychological consultation and monitoring, technical training support system, training quality management system, physical training support system, and athlete training database. Results: The in-depth research on diving training focuses on: (1) the detection and evaluation of diving technique training; (2) the training of divers' specific strength qualities; (3) the monitoring of nutrition and weight of female athletes; (4) Pre-match psychological training for outstanding diving athletes. Conclusions: The diving team's training shows that scientific and systematic training is an important guarantee for high-level student-athletes training in ordinary universities in my country. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: A organização de equipes esportivas de alto nível em faculdades e universidades é uma medida importante para que os esportes competitivos em meu país quebrem o padrão tradicional de monopólio e entrem no mercado e na sociedade de maneira abrangente. Ajuda a melhorar a qualidade cultural dos atletas chineses e a cultivar novos talentos esportivos para um desenvolvimento integral. Pode tirar o máximo proveito das vantagens multidisciplinares e de alta tecnologia das universidades, aumentar o conteúdo tecnológico do treinamento competitivo e acelerar a melhoria do nível esportivo. Objetivo: Este artigo visa tomar a equipe de mergulho como exemplo para explicar o papel e a importância da formação científica no desenvolvimento dos esportes competitivos em faculdades e universidades comuns do meu país e apresentar sugestões para o estabelecimento, organização e implementação da formação científica. Métodos: O sistema de apoio à investigação científica utilizado na tese inclui: monitorização fisiológica e bioquímica, monitorização de lesões na saúde e desportivas, monitorização da nutrição e peso, consulta e monitorização psicológica, sistema de apoio técnico à formação, sistema de gestão da qualidade da formação, apoio à formação física sistema e banco de dados de treinamento de atletas. Resultados: A pesquisa aprofundada sobre o treinamento em mergulho concentra-se em: (1) detecção e avaliação do treinamento em técnicas de mergulho; (2) treinar as qualidades específicas de força dos mergulhadores; (3) monitorar a nutrição e o peso dos atletas; (4) Treinamento psicológico pré-jogo para atletas de mergulho de destaque. Conclusões: O treinamento da equipe de mergulho mostra que o treinamento científico e sistemático é uma garantia importante para a formação de alunos-atletas de alto nível em universidades comuns de meu país. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La organización de equipos deportivos de alto nivel en colegios y universidades es una medida importante para que el deporte competitivo de mi país rompa el patrón tradicional de monopolio e ingrese al mercado y a la sociedad de manera integral. Ayuda a mejorar la calidad cultural de los atletas chinos y a cultivar nuevos talentos deportivos para un desarrollo integral. Puede aprovechar al máximo las ventajas multidisciplinarias y de alta tecnología de las universidades, aumentar el contenido tecnológico de la formación competitiva y acelerar la mejora del nivel deportivo. Objetivo: Este artículo pretende tomar al equipo de buceo como ejemplo para explicar el papel y la importancia de la formación científica en el desarrollo de deportes competitivos en los colegios y universidades ordinarios de mi país y presentar sugerencias para el establecimiento, organización e implementación de la formación científica. Métodos: El sistema de apoyo a la investigación científica utilizado en la tesis incluye: seguimiento fisiológico y bioquímico, seguimiento de la salud y lesiones deportivas, seguimiento de la nutrición y el peso, consulta y seguimiento psicológico, sistema de apoyo al entrenamiento técnico, sistema de gestión de la calidad del entrenamiento, sistema de apoyo al entrenamiento físico, y base de datos de entrenamiento de atletas. Resultados: La investigación en profundidad sobre el entrenamiento de buceo se enfoca en: (1) la detección y evaluación del entrenamiento de técnicas de buceo; (2) el entrenamiento de las cualidades de fuerza específicas de los buzos; (3) el seguimiento de la nutrición y el peso de las atletas; (4) Entrenamiento psicológico previo al partido para atletas de buceo destacados. Conclusiones: La formación del equipo de buceo muestra que la formación científica y sistemática es una garantía importante para la formación de estudiantes-deportistas de alto nivel en las universidades ordinarias de mi país. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Assuntos
Humanos , Medicina Esportiva , Universidades , Mergulho , China
5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 4672959, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368346

RESUMO

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has emerged as a significant regenerative therapy used alone or combined mainly with stem cells, autologous fat grafts, hyaluronic acid, and biomaterials in a variety of medical fields, especially in hair regrowth, wound healing, and sports and rehabilitation medicine. However, the results obtained with this biologic therapy are heterogeneous and conflicting. The observed disparities in the effectiveness of PRP therapies may be due to a lack of standardization in blood processing and preparation. This article is aimed at reviewing the main biological parameters that need to be documented for a thorough reporting of quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the PRP injected, to allow a comparison between the quality of samples and the clinically obtained results and advance the efforts towards treatment standardization.


Assuntos
Plasma Rico em Plaquetas/metabolismo , Medicina Regenerativa , Humanos , Padrões de Prática Médica , Controle de Qualidade , Medicina Esportiva , Cicatrização
6.
Curr Sports Med Rep ; 20(8): 389-394, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34357884

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Ten percent of all premature deaths and 117 billion dollars in annual health care costs are attributable to physical inactivity in America. The positive impact exercise can have on overall health is irrefutable. While it is the responsibility of health care providers to assess and counsel for exercise, there are logistical, structural, and educational barriers preventing this counseling. A physical activity consultation clinic led by primary care sports medicine physicians would allow for focused exercise counseling by appropriately trained providers to motivated patients. While previously there have been many institutional and logistical barriers to establishing such a clinic, the COVID-19 pandemic has created a window of opportunity for doing so within a large academic medical center. This article reviews the importance of exercise on overall health, outlines the barriers for establishing a clinical experience dedicated to counseling for physical activity, and details how overcoming those barriers was facilitated by the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica/prevenção & controle , Aconselhamento , Exercício Físico , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Pandemias , Medicina Esportiva , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360440

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sports vision is a specialisation of optometry whose objective is to improve and preserve visual function to increase sports performance. The main objective of the present study was to compare the visual expertise of non-athletes to skeet shooting athletes. METHODS: Participants underwent an optometric assessment in which all those with severe deviations from normal vision, after compensating for visual abnormalities, were eliminated. After that, the following six visuospatial components were measured: hand-eye coordination, peripheral awareness, fixation disparity, saccadic eye movements, speed of recognition and visual memory. To measure the aforementioned components, the following tests were used: directional arrows, similar and different characters, the dichromatic disparity test, character marking, a tachistoscopic test and tic-tac-toe using COI-vision software. RESULTS: Skeet shooting athletes performed significatively better (p ≤ 0.05) in two out of the six tests: hand-eye coordination and visual memory. CONCLUSIONS: Although this study does not support the theory that athletes-in this case, skeet shooting athletes-perform significantly better in most components of the visuospatial tests, visual memory and hand-eye coordination are exceptions. To be more accurate in distinguishing between athletes and non-athletes, specific testing methods that can be used by a wide variety of disciplines should be developed. Training the weakest aspects of athletes can improve their sports performance.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético , Medicina Esportiva , Atletas , Humanos , Visão Ocular
9.
Arthroscopy ; 37(8): 2606-2607, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353564

RESUMO

Biologic therapies hold great promise in the treatment of a variety of sports medicine conditions, including cartilage injuries, osteoarthritis, and tendon or ligament tears. Cell-based therapies currently under investigation include autologous products such as platelet-rich plasma, bone marrow aspirate concentrate, other adipose and mesenchymal stem cell products, and allogeneic products such as umbilical cord and placenta-derived products. However, their use does not come without risk, and the complications of these treatments can be underreported. Risks include infection, sterile inflammatory response, or a combination. Many times, when offering injection therapy, we consider the greatest risk a lack of efficacy. A "no harm, no foul" attitude is taken. Many of us think that the biggest risk of such injections, due to out-of-pocket expense, would be damage to someone's checkbook more than damage to their health. However, there are real medical risks to our treatments. Regulatory efforts around the use of biologics are needed to track both efficacy and side effects, as we advance this technology and expand its use in the future.


Assuntos
Doenças das Cartilagens , Osteoartrite , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Medicina Esportiva , Terapia Biológica , Doenças das Cartilagens/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Osteoartrite/terapia , Gravidez
11.
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther ; 51(8): 412-413, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338005

RESUMO

A confounder is a variable that influences the relationship between an exposure and an outcome. This means that a difference in outcome is not only explained by the factor that we think explains it (the exposure), but also (completely or partly) by another factor (the confounder). Confounding underpins the hackneyed expression, "Correlation does not imply causation." Your assessment of a study's risk of confounding should inform how much confidence you have in the results. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2021;51(8):412-413. doi:10.2519/jospt.2021.0702.


Assuntos
Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Projetos de Pesquisa , Medicina Esportiva , Humanos , Especialidade de Fisioterapia , Fatores de Risco
12.
Rev Med Suisse ; 17(745): 1295-1300, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264031

RESUMO

Athlete's skin is under great stress and its integrity is essential. Knowledge and prevention of sports-related dermatoses are fundamental to athlete's the management. Hereby we review common sport-related affections classified by their etiologies (traumatic, infectious, inflammatory and environmental dermatoses).


Assuntos
Dermatologia , Medicina Esportiva , Esportes , Humanos , Pele
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Worldwide, the number of treatments in the field of sports medicine is increasing. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has changed everyday life. Many consultations had to be cancelled, postponed, or converted to a virtual format. Telemedicine in sports medicine could support physicians. This study analyzes the use and perception of telemedicine applications among physicians and patients in the field of sports medicine in Germany. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study was based on a survey of sports medicine physicians and patients in Germany during the COVID-19 pandemic. Descriptive statistics were calculated. RESULTS: We analyzed the responses of 729 patients and 702 sports medicine physicians. Most believed that telemedicine is useful. Both physicians and patients rated their knowledge of telemedicine as unsatisfactory. The majority of respondents said they do not currently use telemedicine but would like to do so. Patients and physicians reported that their attitude had changed positively towards telemedicine and that their usage had increased due to COVID-19. The majority in both groups agreed on implementing virtual visits in stable disease conditions. Telemedicine was considered helpful for follow-up monitoring and prevention by both groups. CONCLUSION: Telemedicine in sports medicine has seen limited use but is highly accepted among physicians and patients alike. The absence of a structured framework is an obstacle to effective implementation. Training courses should be introduced to improve the limited knowledge regarding the use of telemedicine. More research in telemedicine in sports medicine is needed. This includes large-scale randomized controlled trials, economic analyses and explorations of user preferences.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Médicos , Medicina Esportiva , Telemedicina , Estudos Transversais , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Curr Sports Med Rep ; 20(7): 345-350, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234089

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Cannabidiol and other cannabinoids are being used more frequently for sports medicine-related conditions. This review will help sports medicine clinicians answer questions that their athletes and active patients have about the potential effectiveness of cannabinoids on common sports medicine conditions. In the article, the authors compare cannabidiol and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol effects, noting the difference on the endocannabinoid and nonendocannabinoid receptors. The theoretical benefits of these two compounds and the current legality in the United States surrounding cannabidiol and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol use also are addressed.


Assuntos
Canabidiol/uso terapêutico , Canabinoides/uso terapêutico , Medicina Esportiva , Desempenho Atlético , Concussão Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Canabidiol/efeitos adversos , Canabidiol/metabolismo , Canabinoides/efeitos adversos , Canabinoides/metabolismo , Cannabis/química , Cannabis/classificação , Dor Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Dronabinol/metabolismo , Dronabinol/uso terapêutico , Endocanabinoides/metabolismo , Endocanabinoides/farmacologia , Humanos , Maconha Medicinal , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor 5-HT1A de Serotonina/metabolismo , Receptores de Canabinoides/metabolismo , Canais de Cátion TRPV/metabolismo , Estados Unidos
15.
Curr Sports Med Rep ; 20(7): 366-373, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234092

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: A sports medicine physician manages musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries and sport-related medical and MSK conditions of patients of all ages and abilities. Physical medicine and rehabilitation physicians (physiatrists) must be adequately trained to provide this care for all patients including, but not limited to, athletes participating in organized sports, the weekend warrior as well as athletes with disabilities. Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education core requirements and basic guidelines help physiatry residency training programs develop and implement residency curriculums. The goal of this article is to provide suggested curricular guidelines to optimize physiatrist training in MSK and sports medicine.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Medicina Física e Reabilitação/educação , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Medicina Esportiva/educação , Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle , Concussão Encefálica/diagnóstico , Concussão Encefálica/terapia , Currículo , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Humanos , Sistema Musculoesquelético/lesões , Exame Físico , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Esportiva
16.
Med Sci Sports Exerc ; 53(8): 1778-1794, 2021 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261998

RESUMO

This consensus statement is an update of the 1987 American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) position stand on the use of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS). Substantial data have been collected since the previous position stand, and AAS use patterns have changed significantly. The ACSM acknowledges that lawful and ethical therapeutic use of AAS is now an accepted mainstream treatment for several clinical disorders; however, there is increased recognition that AAS are commonly used illicitly to enhance performance and appearance in several segments of the population, including competitive athletes. The illicit use of AAS by competitive athletes is contrary to the rules and ethics of many sport governing bodies. Thus, the ACSM deplores the illicit use of AAS for athletic and recreational purposes. This consensus statement provides a brief history of AAS use, an update on the science of how we now understand AAS to be working metabolically/biochemically, potential side effects, the prevalence of use among athletes, and the use of AAS in clinical scenarios.


Assuntos
Anabolizantes/administração & dosagem , Doping nos Esportes/legislação & jurisprudência , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/administração & dosagem , Atletas , Consenso , Humanos , Prevalência , Sociedades Médicas , Esportes , Medicina Esportiva
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299729

RESUMO

Little is known about provision of medical services to adolescents prior to participating in international top-level sports. This study aimed to investigate experiences of medical service provision among high-level adolescent athletics (track and field) athletes from three continents. A thematic narrative analysis was applied to data collected from 14 athletes by semi-structured interviews. Although competing at the highest international level, these adolescent athletes had difficulties making sense of symptoms of ill health, especially on their own. With increasing exercise loads, the athletes' medical support needs had extended beyond the capacity of parents and local communities. As there was no organized transfer of the responsibility for medical support to sports organizations, the athletes often had to manage their health problems by themselves. There were major variations among the adolescent athletes with regards to medical service access and quality. The services used ranged from sophisticated computer-assisted biomechanical analyses to traditional healers. Decreased exercise load was the common sports injury treatment. The results of this study demonstrate how the ethical standards underpinning youth sports as well as the equal provision of medical services to adolescents are challenged across the world. Further research on health service provision to adolescent top-level athletes is warranted.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Medicina Esportiva , Atletismo , Esportes Juvenis , Adolescente , Atletas , Humanos
18.
Arh Hig Rada Toksikol ; 72(3): 135-139, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34187109

RESUMO

Occupational and sports medicine (OSM) education is poorly represented in Croatian university undergraduate medical curricula. Zagreb University medical students are required to take OSM classes for a week on their final year of studies. The classes are organised around team-based learning (TBL). Given that students who attend TBL classes have significantly higher exam scores than students who take lectures ex cathedra, the aim of this study was to assess students' knowledge and attitudes immediately after TBL OSM classes. This cross-sectional study included 162 final-year Zagreb University School of Medicine students taking TBL classes in OSM in the academic year of 2019/2020. They were recruited from 30 September 2019 to 4 March 2020. Participants filled in a 20-item questionnaire compiled by the authors and adapted to the Croatian legislation. Their answers demonstrated positive attitude toward OSM classes and negative attitude toward occupational medicine practice and OSM specialty. They showed moderate interest only for the job of sports physician. Even though they showed sufficient knowledge of OSM immediately after the course was completed, they were moderately satisfied with their knowledge. Our findings call for rethinking the practical aspects of teaching OSM classes in order to promote OSM practice among medical students or at least raise awareness about the importance of prevention of numerous work or sport-related disorders.


Assuntos
Medicina Esportiva , Estudantes de Medicina , Atitude , Croácia , Estudos Transversais , Avaliação Educacional , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Chiropr Man Therap ; 29(1): 22, 2021 06 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34187510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As is the case around the globe, the Danish chiropractic community appears to be an active service provider for the athletic sub-population. However, a paucity of evidence elucidating the experiences, perceptions, and practices of individuals who identify as 'sports chiropractors' complicates strategic development efforts. METHODS: A sequential mixed-methods study was conceptualized in which interview responses from seven purposefully selected stakeholders provided context and informed a national descriptive survey exploring practice characteristics and opinions regarding sports chiropractic among Danish chiropractors. RESULTS: Thematic highlights included divided opinions on the criteria that define a sports chiropractor, the role of a chiropractor functioning beyond the clinic setting, and the need for a structured approach to developing sports chiropractic as a legitimate sub-specialty. The survey response rate was 34.9% (227 of 651), with 27% of responders identifying as a 'sports chiropractor'. Compared to non-sports chiropractors, sports chiropractors engaged in a significantly higher level of interprofessional practice (3.8 versus 2.7 partners), in particular medical doctors (p = 0.016) and personal trainers (p <  0.001). Whether participants identified as a sports chiropractor or not, there was consensus that a high-quality post-graduate qualification and continued education was important. Generally speaking, the framing of sports chiropractic into a protected title was not a priority. CONCLUSION: The Danish sports chiropractor tends to be male, has a specialist education and engages other chiropractors, medical practitioners and professional trainers more often as practice partners than generalist chiropractors. The position of the sports chiropractor as a 'knowledgeable expert' was seen as more important than establishing a protected title. Experiential training appears to be an untapped resource for developing real-world competency and gaining greater professional exposure. Given the potential for development across Europe, more focus is required on a strategic plan for embedding chiropractic professionals in inter-professional athletic health and performance practice settings.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Quiroprática , Competência Clínica , Medicina Esportiva , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Dinamarca , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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