Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.217
Filtrar
2.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884776

RESUMO

The publication continues the topic of previous article and develops the theme of periodization of clinical internal medicine in Russia for last 200 years. The discussion covers the fourth stage - the Soviet period of internal medicine in 1920s - 1950s that resulted in crisis. The authors, using historical examples, illustrate the need to take into account historical and social processes in studying the development of medicine.


Assuntos
Medicina Clínica , Medicina Interna/história , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Assistência à Saúde , História do Século XX , Federação Russa
3.
Pril (Makedon Akad Nauk Umet Odd Med Nauki) ; 40(2): 119-131, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605590

RESUMO

Aleksandar J. Ignjatovski was born in the Smolensk Region, Russia, on 18.03.1875. He graduated from the Faculty of Medicine in St. Petersburg in 1899 where he started specialization in internal medicine and continued in Berlin, Heidelberg, Munich and Paris. In 1905 he was elected assistant professor in St. Petersburg, continued as an associate professor in Odessa in 1908 and a full-time professor in 1912 in Warsaw. During the October Revolution, he was the Head of the Internal Clinic in Rostov, and in 1920 he emigrated to Belgrade. In 1922 he was appointed full professor and Director of the First Internal Clinic at the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade, which he established, developed and managed until his retirement in 1946. In 1948 he moved to Skopje as a full professor and first Director of the Internal Clinic at the Faculty of Medicine in Skopje. He studied the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis and first proved it experimentally, and published a paper in 1908, indicating that it was associated with higher blood cholesterol level. He also dealt with immunobiology and infectious diseases, in particular tuberculosis and tetanus. Prof. A. Ignjatovski was an excellent clinician, teacher and scientist, who published over 80 papers. His most important textbooks are "Clinical Semiotics and Symptomatic Therapy", in two editions, in Russian (1919) and in Serbian (1929-37), and "The Basics of Internal Propedeutics" in three volumes, published in Skopje in 1952, 1954 and 1963. The work of Prof. A. Ignjatovski, as a leading clinician and a great teacher and scientist, is embedded in the development of internal medicine, and medicine in general, in Russia, Serbia and Macedonia. The bright memorial of the founder and first director of the Internal Medicine Clinic and the first Head of the Department of Internal Medicine at the Faculty of Medicine in Skopje has been permanently incorporated in the history of medicine in R. Macedonia. Prof. A. Ignjatovski died on 18.08.1955.


Assuntos
Biologia/educação , História do Século XX , Medicina Interna/história , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alergia e Imunologia , Arteriosclerose , Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , Masculino , República da Macedônia do Norte/epidemiologia
4.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31465674

RESUMO

The main development of the clinical internal medicine in Russia took place over the past 200 years. To understand the pattern of this process, we explored its possible subdivision into phases (periods). This article presents the first part of the proposed periodization describing the characteristics and time frame of the first three stages (from the beginning of the 19th century to the late 1910s).


Assuntos
Medicina Clínica , Medicina Interna/história , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Assistência à Saúde , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Federação Russa
6.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(3): 797-802, mayo.-jun. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1100758

RESUMO

En este artículo se profundizó sobre la vida del médico Gerardo Ignacio Acosta Peñalver que laboró en el poblado de San José de los Ramos y en el Hospital Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy de Colón, con el objetivo de destacar su entrega y consagración a la medicina; y de esta manera, rendirle un merecido homenaje. Se abordaron aspectos de su vida y obra; se destacó su superación constante principalmente en la especialidad de Medicina interna y el ejemplo inolvidable en sus familiares (AU).


The life of the doctor Gerardo Ignacio Acosta Peñalver Hospital was treated in this article. He worked in the village of San Jose de los Ramos and in the Hospital ¨Mario Muñoz Monroy¨ of Colon. The aim was highlighting his devotion and consecration to medicine, and that way rendering him a well-deserved homage. Several aspects of his life and work were approached: his constant upgrading mainly in the specialty of Internal Medicine and his unforgettable example to his relatives (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , História do Século XX , Hospitais Urbanos/história , Biografia , Medicina Interna/história
8.
J Med Biogr ; 27(4): 204-212, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30857463

RESUMO

Rudyard Kipling was one of the most widely read writers of prose and poetry during his lifetime. His wide travels-he was born in India and lived in England and The United States and made frequent visits to South Africa-led to many encounters with physicians and medicine. His unique addresses to the medical profession reveal his knowledge of medical subjects. His three major medical addresses concern medical subjects in contrast to most laymen addressing physicians, who typically speak about their own areas of expertise. The influence of Sir William Osler on some of Kipling's stories is also examined.


Assuntos
Medicina Interna/história , Relações Médico-Paciente , Inglaterra , Pessoas Famosas , História do Século XX
11.
J Hist Neurosci ; 27(3): 283-291, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30118412

RESUMO

With few exceptions, neurology in Europe as well as in the United States emerged from internal medicine and psychiatry, and neurology and psychiatry in particular have long remained connected in clinical practice and teaching. When the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN, 1934) and the American Academy of Neurology (AAN, 1948) were founded, the emancipation of neurology as an independent specialty was still evolving. During the First International Neurological Congress (Berne, Switzerland, in September 1931), a special conference was organized on the "Relation of Neurology to General Medicine and Psychiatry in Universities and Hospitals of the Various Countries," at which representatives from several countries described the situation in their countries. Their statements were made around the time of the founding of the ABPN and not long before that of the AAN. They show that neurology in most countries was still struggling to become independent and only in a few cities flowered as an independent specialty. In the second part of this article, specialist regulation (training, examination, and certification) in European countries (Germany, France, England, and The Netherlands) will be compared to that of the ABPN. It appears that Germany was among the early countries where this occurred, following the Bremen Ärztetag (physicians day) in 1924. Comparable to the American situation, it was professionally controlled, in contrast to the French state certification, which occurred later. The British specialist regulation was much later and more complicated.


Assuntos
Neurologia/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , Europa (Continente) , História do Século XX , Humanos , Medicina Interna/história , Psiquiatria/história , Estados Unidos
12.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 143(7): 519-524, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29614545

RESUMO

At the end of the 1960 s, the German Society for Internal Medicine faced a period of intensifying factional struggles. Traditional conservative views increasingly met with critics demanding reform efforts. These debates covered, among other things, the self-definition of the society, doctor-patient relationship, medical studies, hospital regulations, and the relationship between doctors and nursing staff. In 1972/73, these opposing opinions within the society became particularly obvious, when the former NS-Gaustudentenführer Gotthard Schettler, who felt strong resentments towards the members of the 1968 movement, was followed by the reform willing, politically left wing Herbert Begemann in the DGIM presidency. During his time in office, Begemann also focused on general political issues.


Assuntos
Medicina Interna/história , Médicos/história , Alemanha , História do Século XX , Humanos , Masculino , Sociedades Médicas
13.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 143(3): 201-206, 2018 02.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29409095

RESUMO

Although times were difficult in 1947/48 - with war damage, travel restrictions and the East-West conflict - the German Society for Internal Medicine not only managed to re-organise itself but also hosted its first scientific congress in that year. The DGIM members Franz Volhard and Paul Martini, who rather disapproved of the Nazi regime, played a decisive role in this process. However, a critical discussion of the NS medical crimes, which occurred just a few years ago, remained the exception. It is interesting to note that members who were persecuted by the NS regime were nevertheless willing to attend a congress that obviously provided a forum for the protagonists of the Nazi era.This work presents - for the first time - an overview of the specific conditions of the reconstitution of the German Society for Internal Medicine and enriches our knowledge about the actions of the medical societies in the years between the fall of the Nazi regime and the founding of the two German states.


Assuntos
Medicina Interna/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , Alemanha , História do Século XX , Humanos , Socialismo Nacional
14.
Surg Innov ; 25(3): 297-300, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29290152

RESUMO

Professor Samuel David Gross (1805-1884) is considered as one of the founders of American surgery. He was a skillful surgeon who could excellently perform a lithotomy, an amputation, and a cataract surgery. He introduced many new surgical techniques and designed new surgical and medical instruments. He expertise was not limited to surgery alone; he also published studies concerning internal medicine, pathology, experimental physiology, and pharmacology. His most important treatise was his 2-volume work, A System of Surgery, Pathological, Diagnostic, Therapeutic and Operative (1861), which was a standard reference book in surgery in the United States during the second half of 19th century. Gross received many honors during his life. He was active in the operating room until his death.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Geral/história , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos/história , American Medical Association/história , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Medicina Interna/história , Masculino , Estados Unidos
15.
Pril (Makedon Akad Nauk Umet Odd Med Nauki) ; 39(2-3): 143-154, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30864358

RESUMO

Jakub Chlebowski (Jakub Frydman) (1905-1969) was a distinguished professor of internal medicine and skillful organizer of health care system in Bialystok region in the North east Poland. He graduated medicine in 1929 and worked at local university in prewar Vilnius. During World War Two, arrested by the Soviets and exiled to Siberian work camps he managed to return to Poland with Kosciuszko Division of Polish Army. Then, he continued to serve as a military and university medical doctor in Cracow and Lodz, finally to take over position of director of Internal Diseases Department in 1951 in Bialystok, holding an office of rector magnificus of Medical University of Bialystok from 1959 to 1962. Chlebowski trained generations of internal medicine specialists, who later became eminent representatives of emerging branches of internal medicine as distinct subspecialties in the field of cardiology, endocrinology and gastroenterology in Bialystok. In course of anti-Semitic campaign during March Events in 1968, he was disposed from the post of director of the university hospital department. Constantly harassed, he immigrated with the family to Israel to die in public traffic accident in 1969. Jakub Frydman, who survived not only hunger of food, but also metaphorical "hunger of humanity" during World War Two, turned out to be as good and useful as daily bread for Polish community after wartime. He was so devoted in this action, that he even changed his surname into Chlebowski (Polish: Chleb=English: Bread). In this way, due to similar experience and experience-shaped mentality, Chlebowski could be counted among medical authorities of the time, the individuals with such a high moral standard as Janusz Korczak (1878 or 1879-1942) or Julian Kramsztyk (1851-1926).


Assuntos
Medicina Interna/história , História do Século XX , Humanos , Polônia
17.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 37(4): 448-452, 2017 Apr 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29231601

RESUMO

The reinforcing and reducing technique based on the speed of needle insertion and withdrawal is the important acupuncture technique recorded in Neijing (The Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine). Regarding the speed of needle insertion and withdrawal, the timing of needle insertion and withdrawal is one of the key factors to judge the therapeutic effects. In the paper, the origin was studied on the two methods of waiting for qi recorded in Neijing (The Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine), e.g. "waiting for respiratory qi" and "waiting for qi beneath needle"; and its application progression and clinical significance were explained. Of them, the "waiting for qi beneath needle" is mostly used to decide the timing of needle withdrawal and closely related to the therapeutic effects of reinforcing and reducing technique; and its application is fully developed in later generations. In Nanjing (Treaties on Difficult Questions), it stresses the needle insertion after waiting for qi with the assistant hand, lifting and thrusting manipulation is followed after arrival of qi beneath needle. This technique brings the impacts on the reinforcing and reducing technique of acupuncture in later generations.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/história , Medicina Interna/história , Qi , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , História Antiga , Humanos , Agulhas
18.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 142(24): 1862-1867, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29207433

RESUMO

51 years after its founding in 1882, the "Congress for Internal Medicine", 1920 renamed "German Society for Internal Medicine (DGIM)", fell into heavy water. While during the Kaiserreich and the Weimar Republic the medical care for the individual patient had never been seriously questioned, the proclaimed "Third Reich" brought fundamental changes. The 1164 male and 13 female physicians, who had been organized in the DGIM 1933, had to position themselves in the Nazi dictatorship. The same applied for the society as a whole.The behavior of the German Society of Internal Medicine during the Nazi period is disenchanting. The society completely subordinated to the Nazi regime. The scientific program of the meetings was oriented to the ideological interests of the regime. Solidarity with nazi-persecuted people is only apparent in rare cases. On the contrary, even DGIM chairmen were involved in expulsions and NS-medical crimes. Cautious criticism was limited to a few areas, such as the "Neue Deutsche Heilkunde" ("New German Healing") and the study conditions at the universities. Only individual DGIM members developed oppositional behavior on the basis of personal conviction.In accordance with the more recent research on the Nazi era, these results both clarify and broaden the picture of scientific organizations in general and medical societies in particular.


Assuntos
Medicina Interna/história , Socialismo Nacional/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , Alemanha , História do Século XX , Humanos
19.
Infez Med ; 25(3): 292-297, 2017 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28956551

RESUMO

Sir William Osler is celebrated today not only for his contributions to the advancement of medical education, but also for the humanism he brought to the practice of medicine. He was a doctor whose bedside skills and manners were emulated, and can legitimately be called an infectious diseases specialist. Nonetheless, he was also a humanist in the broader sense of the term, a student of human affairs and human nature, who emphasised compassion for the individual. To what extent, if any, are today's challenges influenced by departures from the paradigms created by Osler? In this paper we sought to ascertain whether such a tradition is still relevant to current practice and may foster a new perspective. We analysed two features of Osler's legacy that may be useful to clinicians: the first is his vision of the patient-physician relationship; the second is his approach to humanities. William Osler saw medicine in its wider scope, with the right and duty to be concerned with the human condition as a whole. Indeed, his rounded concept of the medical profession as being engaged in helping and caring for the whole human being could help physicians build a more humanised medicine. Adopted in the age of evidence-based medicine, the Oslerian approach can enhance the relationship with patients and give physicians a role based on trust and authoritativeness rather than on authority.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Humanismo/história , Relações Médico-Paciente , Médicos/psicologia , Educação Médica/história , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Infectologia/história , Medicina Interna/história , Ontário , Padrões de Prática Médica/história , Estados Unidos
20.
Pol Arch Intern Med ; 127(9): 621-627, 2017 09 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28837542

RESUMO

The article outlines the achievements of Polish professors who specialized in the treatment of internal diseases. The analysis concerns the scientists who held professorial chairs between 1918 and 1939. The findings were presented in the context of university medical departments. In Poland, in the interwar period, a total of 13 professors held chairs of internal medicine: Zdzislaw Gorecki, Wladyslaw Antoni Gluzinski, Aleksander Januszkiewicz, Walery Jaworski, Wincenty Jezierski, Jerzy Latkowski, Jan Henryk Lubieniecki, Witold Orlowski, Zenon Orlowski, Roman Rencki, Kazimierz Rzetkowski, Tadeusz Tempka, and Edward Zebrowski. Some of them had been awarded their chairs before 1918. Most of them were successful researchers. Professors Antoni Gluzinski and Witold Orlowski were particularly recognized in the scientific world. Gluzinski held chairs at Jagiellonian University and then at the University of Warsaw. Orlowski worked at Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv and then moved to the University of Warsaw. In the interwar period, Polish departments of medicine were one of the largest when compared with other departments. Consequently, internal medicine units (assigned to such chairs) were the largest within the departments of medicine in terms of the staff employed. For this reason, most universities decided to divide such units into 2 independent ones. In the years 1918-1939, the field of internal medicine had flourished in Warsaw, Kraków, Poznan, Lviv, and Vilnius; however, the outbreak of World War II would change this forever. After 1945, Lviv and Vilnius were no longer within the territory of Poland, and Polish professors based in those cities moved to join professorial staff at Polish universities.


Assuntos
Medicina Interna/história , Faculdades de Medicina/história , Universidades/história , Pessoal de Educação , História do Século XX , Lituânia , Polônia , Pesquisadores , Ucrânia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA