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1.
4.
Aerosp Med Hum Perform ; 93(10): 764-766, 2022 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36243912
5.
Aerosp Med Hum Perform ; 93(10): 770-771, 2022 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36243904
7.
Aerosp Med Hum Perform ; 93(11): 824-827, 2022 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36309788
8.
Mil Med ; 187(11-12): 289-290, 2022 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36208312
9.
Wiad Lek ; 75(9 pt 1): 2136-2140, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36256942

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: Conducting a scientific analysis of domestic and foreign sources of information on modern views on the organization and implementation of preventive measures among the personnel of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Used methods of historical-bibliographic and systematic approach. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The article defines the structure, tasks and functions of the Center for Preventive Medicine of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in accordance with current legislation and substantiates the feasibility of reforming the preventive medicine service to monitor the health of servicemen, environment and dangerous or harmful factors.


Assuntos
Serviços Preventivos de Saúde , Humanos , Medicina , Ucrânia , Medicina Militar , Monitoramento Epidemiológico
10.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36282668

RESUMO

Eastern Siberia during the Great Patriotic War, being in the deep rear, was one of the key regions where the population and industrial enterprises were evacuated from the front-line zones and west territories of the USSR. Among the arriving population, there were many highly qualified specialists who were sent along with enterprises to resume their work, which, on the one hand, gave preconditions for the development of the region, including as a major industrial and scientific center in the future, but also created an additional burden on the civil health care system of the region "in the moment." Eastern Siberia provided the USSR with healthy human and necessary production resources, making it possible for the Soviet Army to defend the Motherland, which was the main thing in those difficult years, in the face of the sudden invasion of Nazi Germany. The archival materials that give an idea of ​​the state of the civil health care system in the region by the beginning and in the first days of the Great Patriotic War are analyzed, and a comparative analysis of the indicators of both the Eastern Siberia region and its individual republics with the RSFSR as a whole is carried out. This study was carried out as part of the research work "State policy in the field of health protection and medical science in the Russian Empire and the USSR."


Assuntos
Medicina Militar , II Guerra Mundial , Humanos , História do Século XX , Sibéria , I Guerra Mundial , Atenção à Saúde
11.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 24(9): 557-558, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36168172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: War is as old as history. Some may say it is older. The first Biblical war, dated 1880-1875 BCE, is depicted in the book of Genesis between nine kings in the vicinity of the Jordan river near Jericho. By the end of the war, Abraham (Abram) gets involved in saving his nephew Lot. In addition to war, military medicine also has its roots in historical times. Hippocrates (460-377 BCE), the father of medicine, derived his medical knowledge from the battlefield, and Sushruta [1], the father of plastic surgery, mentioned the physician's preventive role in noting environmental hazards: "A common practice of the enemy is to poison the wells on the roadside, the articles of food, the shades of trees, and the fuel and forage for cattle; hence, it is incumbent on a physician marching with the troops to inspect, examine, and purify these before using any of them, in case they are poisoned." The Greeks stated new ideas of military health, pointing to fitness promotion, gymnastics, and healthy diets to prevent illness. Over the centuries, from Alexander the Great to Napoleon's army and wars in the 20th century, military conflicts have led to the death of hundreds of millions of people from trauma and war-related disease. Amazingly analyses of the 18th and 19th centuries have shown that 80% of the soldiers died from disease, and historians and military personnel agree that during armed conflicts in known history, only a minority of soldiers perished by the sword. In Israel, the Israel Defense Forces-Medical Corps (IDF-MC) holds a unique position embedded in military and civilian national medicine. All medical personnel (e.g., physicians, nurses, technicians, veterinarians) who work in the IDF-MC receive their diplomas from civilian universities, train in civilian hospitals, and continue to practice in the national health system. The majority of these professionals continue to work in different civilian medical platforms in Israel after finishing their mandatory service. The IDF-MC's primary mission is to provide optimal medical care to IDF soldiers at all times (including wartime), to prevent disease and promote health, advance military medicine, and aid the civilian sector as ordered by the Government of Israel. In this special issue of Israel Medical Association Journal (IMAJ) is to expose readers to the continuous efforts of the IDF-MC to fulfill its mission by promoting research in multiple medical fields, including trauma, ambulatory care, health administration. In addition, in this issue of IMAJ, authors discuss the unique collaboration with the civilian system during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Trauma and trauma-related injuries are the main focus of military medical research. Ben-Avi and colleagues [2] described outcomes of emergent exploratory thoracotomies on military casualties and addresses parameters that may impact the survival of these casualties. Minervini [3] further discussed the issue. Bez et al. [4] researched the impact of isolated versus non-isolated traumatic brain injuries on injury identification and decision-making by care providers in austere scenarios. Tsur and co-authors [5] described the characteristics of a unique type of terror attack: vehicle ramming. Additional examples of treatments provided in the military prehospital arena were analyzed by Nakar and colleagues [6] who discussed how to assess pain medications administered to trauma casualties in the past two decades by IDF-MC care providers. Rittblat et al. [7] further described the use of freeze-dried plasma, a blood component used in the prehospital arena and administered via intraosseous vascular access. The IDF-MC is a continuously changing organization emphasizing the adoption of advanced technologies and devices. Chen et al. [8] presented a blinded study on the use of point-of-care ultrasound and remote telementored ultrasound by inexperienced operators, and Sorkin et al. [9] described the BladeShield 101: a novel device for the battlefield designed to continuously measure vital signs and medical treatment provided and to transfer data through roles of care. In this special issue of IMAJ, authors also discusse gender-related aspects at the core of medical treatment. Segal et al. [10] examined whether missed injuries were related to the medical provider's gender, while Gelikas et al. [11] assessed whether treatment with analgesia was associated with casualty gender in the military prehospital trauma setting Over the past two and a half years, the COVID-19 pandemic has been a significant part of our lives. During these years, medical systems and teams throughout Israel and around the world struggled to adapt to this new disease and save lives fighting the pandemic. Geva et al. [12] and Shental et al. [13] discussed the impact of COVID-19 on the IDF medical system, lessons learned during the outbreak, and effects of different diseases during these times on medical treatment provided by the IDF to soldiers.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , COVID-19 , Medicina Militar , Militares , Venenos , Animais , Bovinos , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias
12.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 24(9): 602-605, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36168180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Israeli Defense Forces-Medical Corps (IDF-MC) focuses on reducing preventable death by improving prehospital trauma care. High quality documentation of care can serve casualty care and to improve future care. Currently, paper casualty cards are used for documentation. Incomplete data acquisition and inadequate data handover are common. To resolve these deficits, the IDF-MC launched the BladeShield 101 project. OBJECTIVES: To assess the quality of casualty care data acquired by comparing standard paper casualty cards with the BladeShield 101. METHODS: The BladeShield 101 system consists of three components: a patient unit that records vital signs and medical care provided, a medical sensor that transmits to the patient unit, and a ruggedized mobile device that allows providers to access and document information. We compared all trauma registries of casualties treated between September 2019 and June 2020. RESULTS: The system was applied during the study period on 24 patients. All data were transferred to the military trauma registry within one day, compared to 72% (141/194) with a paper casualty card (P < 0.01). Information regarding treatment time was available in 100% vs. 43% (P < 0.01) of cases and 98% vs. 67% (P < 0.01) of treatments provided were documented comparing BladeShield 101 with paper cards, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Using an autonomous system to record, view, deliver, and store casualty information may resolve most current information flow deficits. This solution will ultimately significantly improve individual patient care and systematic learning and development processes.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Medicina Militar , Militares , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Ferimentos e Lesões , Documentação , Humanos , Sistema de Registros , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia
14.
16.
Med Confl Surviv ; 38(3): 167-169, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36129317
18.
Med J (Ft Sam Houst Tex) ; (Per 22-10/11/12): 3-4, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36178440

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Borden Institute, an agency of the US Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC), Medical Center of Excellence (MEDCOE), is marking 35 years of excellence in publishing academic military medical textbooks in the year 2022.


Assuntos
Medicina Militar , Militares , Academias e Institutos , Humanos , Medicina Militar/educação , Editoração
19.
Med J (Ft Sam Houst Tex) ; (Per 22-10/11/12): 44-51, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36178444

RESUMO

In his travelogue of the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial, What Ben Beverly Saw at the Great Exposition, James L. Dale described an exhibit that impressed him with both wonder and horror: a set of photographs documenting the outcomes of surgical operations that suggested procedures "of the most fearful character, which would seem impossible to perform, and the poor patient survive." What Dale described was the US Army Medical pavilion, where the displays were designed to convince domestic and international visitors of the professionalism and innovation of American medicine and in particular to highlight the contributions of military medicine. The medical building included a full-size model of an army field hospital and multiple exhibits constituting a representative sampling of collections from the US Army Medical Museum: photographic portraits of famous surgeons; enlarged microphotographs of blood, bone, and tissue samples; images of Civil War wounds and their treatments; artifacts and supplies for surgical procedures; and a painting, Thomas Eakins's The Gross Clinic. Together, this collection of artifacts presented viewers with a narrative of the current American medical field, with special focus on the Civil War as a catalyst for new medical discoveries. While Eakins's painting became the most famous image from the pavilion, it was not part of the original display, which was explicitly designed to demonstrate how surgeons and medical researchers used healing knowledge to transcend the devastation of the Civil War. This essay examines the exhibit's roots in wartime medicine and research and studies how Dr. Joseph Janvier Woodward planned and developed the exhibit to communicate with the public about current medical and surgical practice.


Assuntos
Medicina Militar , Pinturas , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina Militar/história , Museus , Pinturas/história , Philadelphia , Fotografação , Estados Unidos
20.
Neurosurg Focus ; 53(3): E13, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052619

RESUMO

Neurosurgery has benefited from innovations as a result of military conflict. The volume and complexity of injuries sustained on the battlefield require medical teams to triage, innovate, and practice beyond their capabilities in order to treat wartime injuries. The neurosurgeons who practiced in the Pacific Command (PACOM) during World War II, the Korean War, and the War in Vietnam built upon field operating room knowledge and influenced the logistics of treating battle-injured patients in far-forward environments. Modern-day battles are held on new terrain, and the military neurosurgeon must adapt. War in the PACOM uniquely presented significant obstacles due to geographic isolation, ultimately accelerating the growth and adaptability of military neurosurgery and medical evacuation. The advancements in infrastructure and resource mobilization made during PACOM conflicts continue to inform modern-day practices and provide insight for future conflicts. In this historical article, the authors review the development and evolution of neurosurgical care, forward surgical teams, and mobile field hospitals with surgical capabilities through US conflicts in the PACOM.


Assuntos
Medicina Militar , Militares , Neurocirurgia , Humanos , Neurocirurgiões , Neurocirurgia/história , Estados Unidos , II Guerra Mundial
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