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1.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(9): 1142-1148, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051431

RESUMO

Somatic symptom disorder (SSD) is a somatic disorder characterized by excessive anxiety over various somatic symptoms for a long time, which makes patients feel very painful and the quality of personal life significantly decreased. Previous studies have shown that there is a connection between the clinical manifestations of SSD patients and their cultural background. The patient in this case report was highly affected by Chinese yin-yang culture, displaying obvious Chinese characteristics.We report a patient with SSD, whose clinical manifestations were mainly sexual dysfunction and mood symptoms which were closely related to the Traditional Chinese culture of Yin and Yang. In this case, Hamilton Anxiety Scale, Hamilton Depression Scale, and International Erectile Function Questionnaire were used to evaluate the patients' anxiety, depression, and sexual function, and the scores were 32, 33, and 9, respectively. The patient was treated with a combination of venlafaxine and mirtazapine. After 5 weeks of treatment, the patient's clinical symptoms improved significantly.The clinical manifestations of some Chinese SSD patients have obvious characteristic relevance to Chinese theory of Yin and Yang, making SSD easily to be misdiagnosed. Therefore, clinicians should pay atlention to this situation. In addition, the combination of venlafaxine and mirtazapine may have a better effect on SSD patients with chronic pain and sexual dysfunction.


Assuntos
Sintomas Inexplicáveis , Yin-Yang , Ansiedade , Transtornos de Ansiedade , China , Características Culturais , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e20606, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019379

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-specific chronic low back pain (LBP) is a debilitating disease that profoundly impacts patients' daily physical function and quality of life. Gua sha therapy, as an easy-to-use and noninvasive complementary modality, has been widely used clinically in patients with non-specific chronic LBP. The aim of this study is to test the potential benefits and harms of gua sha therapy on patients with non-specific chronic LBP. METHODS: Ten English databases, 3 Korean databases, 6 Chinese databases, 1 Japanese database, and 2 Brazilian databases will be searched from their inception to September 2019. Randomized controlled trials will be included if gua sha therapy was used as the sole treatment or as a part of combination therapy with other treatments in patients with non-specific chronic LBP. Two reviewers will independently extract the data and assess the methodological quality using the Cochrane criteria for risk of bias. The meta-analysis will be performed using Review Manager 5.3 software. RESULTS: The findings of this systematic review will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: This systematic review will provide more evidence regarding the clinical usage of gua sha therapy for non-specific chronic LBP. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019134567.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar/terapia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22547, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019465

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: chronic low back pain (CLBP) are common symptoms bothering people in daily life. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) nonpharmacological interventions are gaining an increasing popularity for CLBP. Nevertheless, the evidence of efficacy and safety of random controlled trials (RCTs) remains controversial. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and acceptability of different TCM nonpharmacological therapies by systematic review and network meta-analysis. METHODS: According to the strategy, The authors will retrieve a total of 7 electronic databases by September 2020, including PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMbase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Biological Medicine, Chongqing VIP, and Wan-fang databases After a series of screening, 2 researchers will use Aggregate Data Drug Information System and Stata software to analyze the data extracted from the randomized controlled trials of TCM nonpharmacological interventions for CLBP. The primary outcome will be the improvement of Pain intensity and functional status/disability and the secondary outcomes will include lobal improvement, health-related quality of life, satisfaction with treatment, and adverse events. Both classical meta-analysis and network meta-analysis will be implemented to investigate direct and indirect evidences on this topic. The quality of the evidence will be evaluated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation instrument. RESULTS: This study will provide a reliable evidence for the selection of TCM nonpharmacological therapies in the treatment of CLBP. CONCLUSION: This study will generate evidence for different TCM nonpharmacological therapies for CLBP and provide a decision-making reference for clinical research. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study does not require ethical approval. The results will be disseminated through a peer-reviewed publication. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/4H3Y9.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar/terapia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Metanálise em Rede , Acupressão/métodos , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Ventosaterapia/métodos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Dor Lombar/psicologia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/efeitos adversos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/tendências , Moxibustão/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Segurança , Tai Ji/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22564, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019468

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: At present, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has become a major public health issue throughout the world, especially in developing countries. Notably, traditional Chinese patent medicines (TCPMs) are of great significance in the treatment of T2DM combined with conventional Western medicine therapy. However, there is a lack of comparison among all the current common TCPMs for treating T2DM. Therefore, this study intends to explore the efficacy and safety of different TCPMs against T2DM through the Bayesian network meta-analysis (NMA). METHODS: We will conduct a comprehensive and systematic search for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of TCPM for the treatment of T2DM in both Chinese and English databases published till August 2020. Two researchers will be responsible for screening eligible literature, extracting data, and assessing the risk of bias of included studies independently. Then, pairwise meta-analyses and Bayesian network meta-analyses will be conducted to assess all available evidence. In the end, data will be analyzed using STATA15.0 and WinBUGS1.4.3 software. CONCLUSION: This study will compare the efficacy and safety of different TCPMs against T2DM in detail. Our findings will provide a reliable evidence for selecting clinical treatment program and guideline development of T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Medicamentos sem Prescrição/efeitos adversos , Teorema de Bayes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metanálise em Rede , Medicamentos sem Prescrição/uso terapêutico , Prevalência , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22586, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurodermatitis is a common inflammatory and allergic disease, characterized by itching and lichenification plaque. Some studies have reported cupping therapy (CT) for the treatment of neurodermatitis. However, the effectiveness and safety are still uncertain. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CT for the treatment of patients with neurodermatitis. METHODS: We will retrieve the following electronic databases systematically: Pubmed, Web of Science, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and Wanfang database from their inception to December 2020. Other literature resources will be manually searched. Published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-randomized controlled trials (q-RCTs) on the topic will be retrieved by 2 investigators independently. We will apply a fixed-effect model or random effect model basis on the heterogeneity test and employ with RevMan 5.3 software for data synthesis. The total clinical effective rate will be selected as the primary outcome, skin disease quality of life index score, recurrence rate, and adverse events as secondary outcomes. RESULTS: This study will comprehensively summarize the high-quality trials to determine the efficacy and safety of CT for the treatment of patients with neurodermatitis. CONCLUSION: Our systematic review will present evidence for the efficacy and safety of CT to neurodermatitis patients. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/6DCM3.


Assuntos
Ventosaterapia/métodos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Neurodermatite/terapia , Prurido/etiologia , Protocolos Clínicos , Ventosaterapia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Erupções Liquenoides/etiologia , Erupções Liquenoides/patologia , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/efeitos adversos , Neurodermatite/patologia , Neurodermatite/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22588, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this meta-analysis was to summarize and identify the available evidence from studies to estimate the clinical value of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) and provides clinicians with evidence on which to base their clinical decision making. METHODS: This review will include all studies comparing clinical efficacy of TCM in the treatment of RAS. The search strategy will be performed in 9 databases. We will not establish any limitations to language and publication status, published from inception to the August 2020. Two reviewers will screen, select studies, extract data, and assess quality independently. Outcome is clinical efficacy, pain relief, duration of wound healing, effect on wound healing, rate of recurrence, adverse events, and safety. The methodological quality including the risk of bias of the included studies will be evaluated. We will carry out statistical analysis using RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: This study will summarize current evidence to assess the efficacy and safety of TCM in the treatment of RAS. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study will provide helpful evidence for the clinician, and will promote further studies, as well as studying the value of TCM. REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202080126 (DOI number: 10.37766/inplasy2020.8.0126).


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Medição da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos , Estomatite Aftosa/terapia , China/epidemiologia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/efeitos adversos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Medição da Dor/efeitos dos fármacos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recidiva , Segurança , Estomatite Aftosa/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22589, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a disease accompanied by severe facial pain, which seriously affects the daily life of patients. Acupuncture is widely used by Traditional Chinese Medicine doctors to treat various painful diseases. Acupuncture combined with the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia can increase the analgesic effect and reduce side effects. However, there is still a lack of more quality multi-center clinical controlled trials and comprehensive meta-analysis, and a lack of more comprehensive and stronger evidence-based medical evidence. METHODS: The 2 reviewers used the same search strategy to search CNKI, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Scopus, EBSCO, and the search date is until July 19, 2020. Two people read the retrieved literatures independently, and then delete duplications. Then, use the "risk of bias" tool in Cochrane Handbook 5.2 to score. Only documents with a score greater than 5 can be included. Make a table of literature characteristics, extract baseline patient data, research methods and possible risks of bias in the literature, interventions in treatment and control groups, outcome evaluation indicators (BNI, VAS, ER and AE), and research funding support. Use Review Manager 5.3.5 for meta-analysis, use Stata 15 for regression analysis to find the source of heterogeneity, and then perform subgroup analysis to resolve the heterogeneity based on the corresponding source. RESULTS: The analysis of BNI, VAS, ER and AE data can provide high-quality evidence for high-quality synthesis and/or descriptive analysis of the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture treatment of various causes of urinary retention. CONCLUSION: This study can provide more comprehensive and strong evidence to prove whether acupuncture is effective and safe in the treatment of TN patients. REGISTRATION: The research has been registered and approved on the PROSPERO website. The registration number is CRD42019119606.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/terapia , Terapia por Acupuntura/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Dor Facial/etiologia , Dor Facial/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/efeitos adversos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/patologia , Retenção Urinária/etiologia , Escala Visual Analógica
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e21913, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031257

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The incidence of psoriasis vulgaris is increasing worldwide. Chronic recurrence of the disease, as well as accompanying cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, and depression has affected the physical and mental health of these patients. Psoriasis vulgaris is a difficult and major disease in the dermatology field. Short-term curative effects using conventional therapy for psoriasis vulgaris has made major strides. However, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment has long-term curative advantages for psoriasis vulgaris but lacks the scientific and clinical evidence for its use. This study intends to demonstrate and provide scientific and clinical evidence for the use of TCM to delay the recurrence of psoriasis vulgaris. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This will be a prospective, multicenter cohort study. We intend to recruit 1521 psoriasis vulgaris patients from 14 hospitals in Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei. Treatment will be based on the diagnosis specifications and clinical practice guidelines of TCM and conventional therapy. During inclusion and the subsequent follow-up period, doctors through electronic case reports will collect different therapeutic TCM regimens and conventional therapy that were administered. Information on life condition, skin lesions at each visit, World Health Organization Quality of Life Instruments, Zung Self-rating Anxiety Scale, Zung Self-assessment of Depression, laboratory examinations, incidence of new rash and recurrence during the remission and recurrence stages will be recorded. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The clinical trial protocol for this study was approved by the ethics committee of the Beijing hospital of TCM affiliated to capital medical university (Ethics number: 2019BL02-010-02). We will publish and present our results at national and international conferences and in peer-reviewed journals specialized in dermatology. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This protocol has been registered in clinicaltrials. gov (ChiCTR1900021629).


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Psoríase/terapia , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22107, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a common sleep disorder, which seriously affects people's quality of life and work ability. In China, auricular therapy and moxibustion therapy have a long history in treating insomnia. Clinical studies have shown that auricular point and moxibustion can effectively improve insomnia symptoms. At present, auricular point combined with moxibustion in the treatment of insomnia has been widely used in China, but its overall effectiveness and safety are still unclear. There is a lack of systematic evaluation of auricular point combined with moxibustion in the treatment of insomnia. This paper aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of auricular point combined with moxibustion in the treatment of insomnia. METHODS: Retrieve randomized controlled trials of auricular point combined with moxibustion from PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang, the Chongqing VIP Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database, and China biomedical literature database from their establishment to August 2020. Search Baidu Scholar, Google Scholar, International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and Chinese Clinical Trials Registry for unpublished gray literature. Two researchers independently applied RevMan 5.3 software for data extraction and risk assessment of bias. RESULTS: This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of auricular point combined with moxibustion in the treatment of insomnia from Pittsburgh sleep quality index, Rhone planck sleepiness scale, Traditional Chinese medicine syndrome scores, Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA), Hamilton Depression, 5-hydroxytryptamine, incidence of adverse reactions, and other aspects. CONCLUSION: This study will provide theoretical support for the clinical application of auricular point combined with moxibustion in the treatment of insomnia. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The private information from individuals will not publish. This systematic review also will not involve endangering participant rights. Ethical approval is not required. The results may be published in a peer-reviewed journal or disseminated in relevant conferences. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/8VZRJ.


Assuntos
Acupressão , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Moxibustão , Projetos de Pesquisa , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/terapia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22453, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031276

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this meta-analysis was to summarize and identify the available evidence from studies to estimate the clinical value of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD). And provides clinicians with evidence on which to base their clinical decision making. METHODS: This review will include all studies comparing clinical efficacy of TCM in the treatment of RA-ILD. The search strategy will be performed in 9 databases. We will not establish any limitations to language and publication status, published from inception to the August 2020. Two reviewers will screen, select studies, extract data, and assess quality independently. Outcome is lung function, number of swelling joints, number of painful joints, duration of morning stiffness, VAS score, adverse effects, quality of life, ESR, CRP, rheumatoid factor and safety. The methodological quality including the risk of bias of the included studies will be evaluated. We will carry out statistical analysis using RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: This study will summarize current evidence to assess the efficacy and safety of TCM in the treatment of RA-ILD. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study will provide helpful evidence for the clinician, and will promote further studies, as well as studying the value of TCM. REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202080108 (DOI number: 10.37766/inplasy2020.8.0108).


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/terapia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Metanálise como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22515, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata (AA) is a common, inflammatory, nonscarring type of hair loss that is characterized by depression, anxiety and social isolation. In recent years, Plum-blossom needle plus Chinese herbal medicine has gradually shown its clinical advantages and been more and more widely used in China. Whereas, there has been no systematic review and meta-analysis. The purpose of this study is to estimate the safety and effectiveness of Plum-blossom needle plus Chinese herbal medicine in AA treatment. METHODS: Seven databases as following: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), and Chinese Biomedical Literatures Database (CBM) will be searched from their inception to August 2020. Two reviewers (LBL and ZYZ) will respectively regulate research selection, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment. A third reviewer will be settled to consulting, if necessary. Review Manager Software 5.4 will be implemented for this study. RESULTS: The results will be published in a peer-reviewed medical journal. This meta-analysis will provide a synthetic review of the credible evidence for the treatment of Plum-blossom needle plus Chinese herbal medicine with AA. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review and meta-analysis expects to provide high-quality evidence regarding the synergistic effect of Plum-blossom needle plus Chinese herbal medicine treatment for AA.


Assuntos
Alopecia em Áreas/terapia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Agulhas , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/instrumentação , Metanálise como Assunto , Satisfação do Paciente , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22585, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute chronic liver failure (ACLF) is the most common type of liver failure. The clinical symptoms are complex and changeable, the treatment is difficult and the fatality rate is high. It has become an urgent problem to actively seek effective treatment means and improve the clinical efficacy of ACLF patients. Studies have shown that decreased intestinal barrier function and bacterial endotoxin translocation in ACLF patients are considered to be the key causes of enterogenic endotoxemia, and traditional Chinese medicine enema has certain advantages in adjuvant treatment of this disease. However, due to the lack of evidence, there is no specific method or suggestion, so it is necessary to carry out systematic evaluation on Traditional Chinese medicine enema for ACLF and provide effective evidence for further research. METHODS: We will search the following electronic databases from their inception to July 2020: Electronic database includes PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Chinese Biomedical Database WangFang, VIP medicine information, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. Primary outcomes: survival rates, TCM syndrome score. SECONDARY OUTCOMES: liver function (alanine aminotransferase, aspartic acid amino transferase, total bilirubin), blood coagulation function (prothrombin activity), adverse events. Data will be extracted by 2 researchers independently, risk of bias of the meta-analysis will be evaluated based on the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. All data analysis will be conducted by data statistics software Review Manager V.5.3. and Stata V.12.0. RESULTS: The results of this study will systematically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Traditional Chinese medicine enema for ACLF. CONCLUSION: The systematic review of this study will summarize the currently published evidence of Traditional Chinese medicine enema for ACLF to further guide its promotion and application.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/terapia , Enema , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Projetos de Pesquisa , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22597, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031313

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recurrent tonsillitis (RT) is often treated with antibiotic therapy and surgery. Although these treatments have advantages, they are also controversial. The purpose of this study is to analyze the safety and effectiveness of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) cauterization in the treatment of RT, so as to provide an alternative for the clinicians and to cover the shortage of therapeutic methods. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This protocol is guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) and by the Cochrane Collaboration Handbook. We will formulate strict inclusion and exclusion criteria in English databases (PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science), Chinese databases (CNKI, Wanfang databases, CBM, and VIP), and search literatures in different clinical registration platforms (Cochrane Library, Chinese Cochrane Centre's Clinical Trial Registry Platform). The included articles will be evaluated using Cochrane RCT evaluation criteria. Stata 15.0 will be used for data analysis. Subgroup analysis, sensitivity analysis, and meta-regression will detect sources of heterogeneity. Egger's Test or Begg's Test will detect publication bias quantitatively. CONCLUSION: Cauterization can effectively control the recurrence of tonsillitis through clinical trials, but evidence-based medicine needs to be adopted to provide strong evidence for its effectiveness. The purpose of our research is to provide the evidence. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/PZ69Q.


Assuntos
Cauterização/métodos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Projetos de Pesquisa , Tonsilite/cirurgia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Recidiva , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
14.
Discov Med ; 29(158): 145-157, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007190

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a newly identified acute respiratory disease caused by a strain of novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), has become a worldwide pandemic. From December 2019 to present, millions of cases have been reported, bringing unprecedented pressure on both health and epidemic prevention services in every country. As frontline healthcare workers, ophthalmologists face an increased threat of viral infection, not only because of close contact with patients during examinations or operations, but also due to evidence showing that ocular fluids such as tears or conjunctival secretions may carry the virus. The risk that healthcare workers face is emphasized by the loss of our colleagues who have sacrificed themselves in combating the virus. As a result, it is necessary to have a comprehensive understanding of the threats that we face. In the first part of this review, we start by explaining the structure of SARS-CoV-2 and examining its transmission and means of infection. Next, we summarize the latest scientific advancements of epidemiology, clinical presentations, and current treatments of COVID-19. In the second half of the review, we emphasize the ocular transmission, symptomatic manifestations, and the essential knowledge in an ophthalmology clinic setting. As the pandemic of COVID-19 continues to pose a threat to global health, we hope that this review makes a contribution to combating COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Oftalmopatias/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Oftalmopatias/diagnóstico , Oftalmopatias/imunologia , Oftalmopatias/terapia , Humanos , Imunização Passiva/métodos , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
15.
Discov Med ; 29(158): 145-157, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-812916

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a newly identified acute respiratory disease caused by a strain of novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), has become a worldwide pandemic. From December 2019 to present, millions of cases have been reported, bringing unprecedented pressure on both health and epidemic prevention services in every country. As frontline healthcare workers, ophthalmologists face an increased threat of viral infection, not only because of close contact with patients during examinations or operations, but also due to evidence showing that ocular fluids such as tears or conjunctival secretions may carry the virus. The risk that healthcare workers face is emphasized by the loss of our colleagues who have sacrificed themselves in combating the virus. As a result, it is necessary to have a comprehensive understanding of the threats that we face. In the first part of this review, we start by explaining the structure of SARS-CoV-2 and examining its transmission and means of infection. Next, we summarize the latest scientific advancements of epidemiology, clinical presentations, and current treatments of COVID-19. In the second half of the review, we emphasize the ocular transmission, symptomatic manifestations, and the essential knowledge in an ophthalmology clinic setting. As the pandemic of COVID-19 continues to pose a threat to global health, we hope that this review makes a contribution to combating COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Oftalmopatias/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Oftalmopatias/diagnóstico , Oftalmopatias/imunologia , Oftalmopatias/terapia , Humanos , Imunização Passiva/métodos , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22401, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A growing body of clinical trials has demonstrated that traditional Chinese medicine Shaoyao Gancao Tang may improve restlessness leg syndrome (RLS). This review aims to systematically assess its effectiveness and safety in the treatment of patients with RLS. METHODS: Eight databases will be searched from the inception to 31 August 2020, including the Chinese Biological Medicine Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, VIP Information Database, the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, and the Web of Science. All published randomized controlled trials that meet the prespecified eligibility criteria will be included. The primary outcomes include the changes in the International Restless Legs Syndrome Rating Scale and the restless sensation assessed by visual analog scales, and the secondary outcomes include effective rate, adverse event rate, quality of life measures, and improvement in the sleep quality index. Study selection, data extraction, and assessment of bias risk will be conducted independently by 2 reviewers. Data synthesis will be carried out with RevMan software (V.5.3.5). Subgroup and sensitivity analysis will be performed when necessary. The strength of the evidence will be assessed by the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation System. RESULTS: A high-quality synthesis of current evidence of Shaoyao Gancao Tang's effectiveness and safety for patients with RLS will be provided. CONCLUSION: This systematic review will provide evidence of whether Shaoyao Gancao Tang is an effective and safe intervention for RLS.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Síndrome das Pernas Inquietas/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Sono/fisiologia
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22517, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is one of the common complications of many serious liver diseases. Western medicine treatment is mainly symptomatic treatment such as neutralizing blood ammonia and protecting liver, which has poor curative effect, easy repetition and high mortality. Retention enema with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been used on treatment of HE in China for many years. And it has been clinically proved that retention enema with TCM is effective and safe. But there is absent convincing evidence-based medicine to confirm the efficacy of retention enema with TCM for HE. Thus, we aimed to conduct this meta-analysis to summarize the efficacy of retention enema with TCM in patients with HE. METHODS: The study only selects clinical randomized controlled trials of retention enema with TCM for HE. We will search each database from the built-in until December 31, 2020. The English literature mainly searches Cochrane Library, Pubmed, EMBASE, and Web of Science. While the Chinese literature comes from CNKI, CBM, VIP, and Wanfang database. Meanwhile, we will retrieve clinical trial registries and gray literature. Two researchers worked independently on literature selection, data extraction and quality assessment. The dichotomous data is represented by relative risk (RR), and the continuous is expressed by mean difference (MD) or standard mean difference (SMD), eventually the data is synthesized using a fixed effect model (FEM) or a random effect model (REM) depending on the heterogeneity. The total effective rate, blood ammonia and the total bilirubin were evaluated as the main outcomes. While several secondary outcomes were also evaluated in this study. The statistical analysis of this Meta-analysis was conducted by RevMan software version 5.3. RESULTS: This study will synthesize and provide high-quality evidence based on the data of the currently published retention enema with TCM for the treatment of HE. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis aims to evaluate the benefits of retention enema with TCM for the treatment of HE reported in randomized controlled trials, and provide more options for clinicians and patients with HE. REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202080107.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Encefalopatia Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Enema , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21034, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to assess effectiveness and safety of Chinese medicine (CM) as complementary therapy in treating coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: The following databases will be searched: PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database, and Wanfang database from October 1, 2019 to March 1, 2020. Randomized trials and quasi-randomized or prospective controlled clinical trials of CM that reported data on COVID-19 patients will be included. Study selection, data extraction, quality assessment, and assessment of risk bias will be performed by 2 reviewers independently. Odds ratios and correlative 95% confidence intervals will be calculated to present the association between the CM and CWM using Review Manager version 5.3 when there is sufficient available data. RESULTS: The results will be disseminated through a peer-reviewed journal publication. CONCLUSION: This systematic review findings will summarize up-to-date evidence for that CM is more effective and safe as adjunctive treatment for patients with COVID-19. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics approval and patient consent are not required as this study is a systematic review based on published articles. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020185382.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Terapias Complementares/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Metanálise como Assunto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21664, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infantile fever is a common symptom of the pediatric diseases, which is often caused by cold, food accumulation, or other pathogenic factors. Pediatric tuina is regarded as an acceptable non-pharmaceutical therapy for children with optimal effects, which has been widely used for infantile fever around China. But there is still a lack of systematic evaluation and research on its safety and effectiveness during the treatment of infantile fever. Thus the protocol is to collect clinical evidence and demonstrate the efficacy and safety of antipyretic manipulation by pediatric tuina. METHODS: The systematic electronic search will be executed in Cochrane Library (1991-2020.6), EMBASE (1980-2020.6), PubMed (1996-2020.6), WHOICTRP (2004-2020.6), Web of Science (1900-2020.6), CNKI (1994-2020.6), CBM (1994-2020.6), WANFANG (1980-2020.6), and VIP (2000-2020.6) Database. The Review Manager (V.5.3) will be use to assess the risk of bias and data analyses. The methodological quality will be assessed by using the online GRADEpro tool. If the quality of numeric data is favorable, a meta-analysis will be carried out. RESULTS: A high-quality evidence of pediatric tuina for the treatment of infantile fever. CONCLUSION: The systematic review will provide a reliable basis for judging whether pediatric tuina is safe and effective in the treatment of pediatric fever. INPLASY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202060032.


Assuntos
Febre/terapia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21808, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Viral pneumonia is a common respiratory disease that leads to high mortality around the world. Tanreqing (TRQ) injection has been widely used to treat viral pneumonia in China. However, the efficiency and safety of TRQ injection for viral pneumonia have not been scientifically and methodically evaluated up to now. Thus, this protocol describes a plan of performing a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TRQ injection on patients with viral pneumonia. METHODS: Only randomized controlled trials will be enrolled in our study, and we will search eligible studies in the following electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Clinical Trials, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, the Wanfang database, the Chinese Scientific Journal Database, and the Sinomed. The total effective rate of clinical efficacy will be used as primary outcome. Time to relieve symptoms, incidence of adverse reactions, and the laboratory parameters will be used as secondary outcomes. Any side effects and adverse events will be recorded and assessed as safety outcomes. Study inclusion, data extraction, and quality assessment will be performed independently by 2 reviewers, and any disagreement will be resolved by a third reviewer. After that, data synthesis and subgroup analysis will be conducted with the Review Manager V.5.3.3 software. RESULTS: This review will provide a high-quality synthesis to assess the effectiveness and safety of TRQ injection for viral pneumonia patients. CONCLUSION: Our study will provide comprehensive evidence to decide whether TRQ injection is effective and safe for viral pneumonia patients. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42020164164.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Metanálise como Assunto , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Humanos , Injeções , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Projetos de Pesquisa
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